Overview of all keyword tags in articles

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This page provides an overview of 1388 tags, ordered by trending factor. Column headings allow re-sorting by other criteria. In the expanding tab below you can adjust filters to display sub-sets of tags and narrow the focus to specific items of interest (see FAQs on filtering for usage tips). Select this link to remove all filters.

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ark project

Analysing Raptor at Kent (ARK) is a project adopting the production version of the Raptor toolkit and using it to improve our understanding of the demand for and use of electronic journals and databases, by the staff and students of the University of Kent. Raptor reports allow assessment of the usage of each Academic school, which can use this data to ensure provision of resources appropriate to the needs of users and to improve internal charging models. The project builds on the work of the successful Raptor pilot programme at Kent. The pilot established the viability of running a pre-release version of the Raptor toolkit, on the UniversityÆs servers. This pilot also made a preliminary assessment of management overheads, software reliability, response times, support costs and the usefulness of Raptor reports to the needs of the Library and IT services. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/di_directions/accessandidentit... source</a>)

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arl

The Association of Research Libraries is an organization of the leading research libraries in North America. As of October 2006, it comprises 123 libraries at comprehensive, research-intensive institutions in the US and Canada that share similar missions, aspirations, and achievements. ARL member libraries make up a large portion of the academic and research library marketplace, spending more than one billion dollars every year on library materials. The ARL Statistics and Measurement Program, through its annually published ARL Statistics, monitors the collections, expenditures, staffing, and services of member libraries of the Association. Statistics have been collected and published annually since 1961-62 and serve as indicators of the costs of serials and monographs as well as of the state of funding for research libraries. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Association_of_Resea... article: Association of Research Libraries</a>)

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article-level metrics

Article-level metrics are metrics which measure the usage and impact of individual research articles. Traditionally, bibliometrics have been used to evaluate the usage and impact of research, but have usually been focused on journal-level metrics such as the impact factor or researcher-level metrics such as the h-index. Article-level metrics, on the other hand, may demonstrate the impact of an individual article. This is related to, but distinct from, altmetrics. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Article-level_metrics">Wikipedia article: Article-level metrics</a>)

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artworld

Artworld provides an up-to-date overview of each subject in the teaching of world art with discussion material and, in some cases, insights into current debates and controversies. Each module contains background information, summarising different approaches to the material, with up-to-date bibliographies, maps, timelines and numerous links to other relevant pictorial and museum resources. The teaching modules are backed up by a comprehensive database of images from the cultures represented in the museum collections at the Oriental Museum, University of Durham, and the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, University of East Anglia. Interactive resources have been provided in order to enable users to adapt content to their own teaching. Contributions can be made in the form of appended texts on any page. There are also facilities to create mini-galleries by assembling collections of images and texts. These may be used as the basis for lectures, seminar presentations or essays. There are also templates for questionnaires which may be customised as resources for interactive teaching or for submission of work for marking. Project start date: 2000-09-01. Project end date: 2003-09-30. (Excerpt from <a href="http://artworld.uea.ac.uk/">this source</a>)

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asahikawa medical university

ascii

The American Standard Code for Information Interchange is a character-encoding scheme based on the ordering of the English alphabet. ASCII codes represent text in computers, communications equipment, and other devices that use text. Most modern character-encoding schemes are based on ASCII, though they support many more characters than did ASCII. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascii">Wikipedia article: ASCII</a>)

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asf

The Apache Software Foundation (ASF) is a non-profit corporation (classified as 501(c)(3) in the United States) to support Apache software projects, including the Apache HTTP Server. The ASF was formed from the Apache Group and incorporated in Delaware, U.S., in June 1999. The Apache Software Foundation is a decentralized community of developers. The software they produce is distributed under the terms of the Apache License and is therefore free and open source software (FOSS). The Apache projects are characterized by a collaborative, consensus-based development process and an open and pragmatic software license. Each project is managed by a self-selected team of technical experts who are active contributors to the project. The ASF is a meritocracy, implying that membership to the foundation is granted only to volunteers who have actively contributed to Apache projects. The ASF is considered a second generation open-source organization. Among the ASF's objectives are to provide legal protection to volunteers working on Apache projects, and to prevent the Apache brand name from being used by other organizations without permission. The ASF also holds several ApacheCon conferences each year, highlighting Apache projects, related technology, and encouraging Apache developers to gather together. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache_Software_Foundation">Wikipedia article: Apache Software Foundation</a>)

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aspr

The APSR Project aims to establish a centre of excellence for the management of scholarly assets in digital format. Online collections of scholarly materials are bringing about a quiet revolution in the way researchers work. Researchers have faster easier ways of finding and analyzing research materials. New modes of research and new research methodologies are all now possible. APSR is a partnership that aims to promote excellence in building and managing these collections of digital research objects. The Partnership receives Federal Government funding to assist Australian researchers with research information management. To this end, APSR conducts outreach and educational programs and undertakes collaborative development of systems and tools. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.apsr.edu.au/about.html">this source</a>)

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asr2

Building on the British Library's ground-breaking work in creating the first online fully-searchable digital library of sound recordings from one of the world's treasure houses of audio heritage, these nine new digital collections will make available around 4,200 hours of audio content. The recordings, which range from canonical classical repertoire to interviews with Holocaust survivors, will be supported by images and added value features to enhance the existing service and transform teaching, learning and research. The British Library Archival Sound Recordings (ASR) 2 draws once again on the wealth and diversity of the library's audio holdings. The nine collections chosen for this e-resource reflect the broad remit of the archive, covering field recordings, music recordings and oral history to name just three, but they also provide deeper tranches of content to complement the current ASR collections. The Sony Radio Awards news and current affairs material builds on the Sony Radio Awards radio drama package included in the first ASR project to deepen the online resource documenting UK radio broadcasting. The Decca West African recordings further enrich the three Africa-related packages already available in the resource, while the historic recordings of canonical classical repertoire complement the archive of recorded performances of Beethoven String Quartets included in the first project. Each of the collections contains material which is unique or not easy to access elsewhere. By deepening the critical mass of archival audio material for online access, the service meets the needs of many more users. It also increases the visibility of audio content in the digital domain and its availability for repurposing to teachers, researchers and lifelong learners. Project start date: 2007-01-01. Project end date: 2009-01-01. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.bl.uk/sounds">this source</a>)

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association of research libraries

The Association of Research Libraries is an organization of the leading research libraries in North America. As of October 2006, it comprises 123 libraries at comprehensive, research-intensive institutions in the US and Canada that share similar missions, aspirations, and achievements. ARL member libraries make up a large portion of the academic and research library marketplace, spending more than one billion dollars every year on library materials. The ARL Statistics and Measurement Program, through its annually published ARL Statistics, monitors the collections, expenditures, staffing, and services of member libraries of the Association. Statistics have been collected and published annually since 1961-62 and serve as indicators of the costs of serials and monographs as well as of the state of funding for research libraries. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Association_of_Resea... article: Association of Research Libraries</a>)

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aston university

Aston University is a "plate glass" campus university situated at Gosta Green, in the city centre of Birmingham, England. Established in 1895 as the Birmingham Municipal Technical School, Aston was granted its Royal Charter as Aston University on 22 April 1966. Following from its background in Technology, Business, Sciences, Engineering and applied subjects, Aston continues to have a focus on industry and commerce. The university also has a School of Languages and Social Sciences. A majority of undergraduate students are registered on courses leading to a BSc and 70% of eligible undergraduate students at Aston are enrolled on four-year "sandwich" courses, spending a year abroad or on industry placements. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aston_University">Wikipedia article: Aston University</a>)

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asx

The Advanced Stream Redirector (ASX) format is a type of XML metafile designed to store a list of Windows Media files to play during a multimedia presentation. It is used frequently on streaming video servers where multiple ASF files are to be played in succession. Both RTSP and MMS streaming protocols are supported, as well as HTTP. ASX files have MIME type video/x-ms-asf (as do ASF files). With the introduction of the WMA and WMV container formats, WAX and WVX extensions have also been introduced by Microsoft respectively. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Stream_Redirector">Wikipedia article: Advanced Stream Redirector (ASX) format</a>)

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athens

Provided by Eduserv's Access and Identity Management Services, Athens enables single sign-on (one username and password) and secure access to a wide range of data and information services throughout the UK and overseas. OpenAthens is a framework of software and services that enables UK organisations to participate in the UK Access Management federation as Identity Providers or Service Providers, while continuing to enjoy the benefits of the current Athens service. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.eduserv.org.uk/help/glossary/athens">this source</a>)

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atom

The name Atom applies to a pair of related standards. The Atom Syndication Format is an XML language used for web feeds, while the Atom Publishing Protocol (AtomPub or APP) is a simple HTTP-based protocol for creating and updating web resources. The Atom format was developed as an alternative to RSS. Ben Trott, an advocate of the new format that became Atom, believed that RSS had limitations and flaws - such as lack of on-going innovation and its necessity to remain backward compatible - and that there were advantages to a fresh design.Proponents of the new format formed the IETF Atom Publishing Format and Protocol Workgroup. The Atom syndication format was published as an IETF proposed standard in RFC 4287 (December 2005), and the Atom Publishing Protocol was published as RFC 5023 (October 2007). (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atom_(standard)">Wikipedia article: Atom</a>)

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audio codec

In software, an "audio codec" is a computer program that compresses/decompresses digital audio data according to a given audio file format or streaming audio format. The object of the algorithm is to represent the high-fidelity audio signal with minimum number of bits while retaining the quality. This can effectively reduce the storage space and the bandwidth required for transmission of the stored audio file. Most codecs are implemented as libraries which interface to one or more multimedia players, such as QuickTime Player, XMMS, Winamp, VLC media player, MPlayer or Windows Media Player. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio_codec">Wikipedia article: Audio codec</a>)

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augmented reality

Augmented reality (AR) is a term for a live direct or an indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented by computer-generated sensory input, such as sound or graphics. It is related to a more general concept called mediated reality, in which a view of reality is modified (possibly even diminished rather than augmented) by a computer. As a result, the technology functions by enhancing one's current perception of reality. By contrast, virtual reality replaces the real world with a simulated one. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augmented_reality">Wikipedia article: Augmented reality</a>)

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australian national university

The Australian National University (ANU) is a teaching and research university located in the Australian capital, Canberra. As of 2009, the ANU employs 3,945 administrative staff who teach approximately 10,000 undergraduates, and 7,500 postgraduate students. Two Australian Prime Ministers attended the university, and the ANU includes six Nobel laureates among its staff and alumni. The Australian National University consistently ranks among the top universities in Australia and is one of the top universities in the world in a number of fields. ANU is a member of several university alliances and cooperative networks, including the Group of Eight, the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy and the International Alliance of Research Universities. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_National_University">Wikipedia article: Australian National University</a>)

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austrian national library

The Austrian National Library is the largest library in Austria with 7.4 million items in its various collections. The library is located in the Hofburg Palace in Vienna. Since 2005, some of the collections have been relocated within the baroque structure of the Palais Mollard-Clary. Originally founded by the Habsburgs, the library was originally entitled the 'Hof-Bibliothek' ("Imperial Library"; it was in 1920 that the change to its current name occurred). (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austrian_National_Library">Wikipedia article: Austrian National Library</a>)

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authentication

Authentication is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a datum or entity. This might involve confirming the identity of a person, tracing the origins of an artifact, ensuring that a product is what its packaging and labeling claims to be, or assuring that a computer program is a trusted one. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Authentication">Wikipedia article: Authentication</a>)

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authentication service

An authentication service is a structured network service that determines that the digital ID being presented to a network service is being used by the real-world individual who has the rights to use it. This is often achieved through the use of a username/password combination or a digital certificate, depending on the degree of assurance required. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/distributed-systems/jisc-ie/arch/glossary/">JISC Information Environment Glossary</a>)

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