Overview of all keyword tags in articles

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In computer engineering, a cache is a component that transparently stores data so that future requests for that data can be served faster. The data that is stored within a cache might be values that have been computed earlier or duplicates of original values that are stored elsewhere. If requested data is contained in the cache (cache hit), this request can be served by simply reading the cache, which is comparatively faster. Otherwise (cache miss), the data has to be recomputed or fetched from its original storage location, which is comparatively slower. Hence, the more requests can be served from the cache the faster the overall system performance is. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cache">Wikipedia article: Cache</a>)

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The CAIN (Conflict Archive on the INternet) site contains information and source material on 'the Troubles' and politics in Northern Ireland from 1968 to the present. There is also some material on society in the region. CAIN is located in the University of Ulster and is part of INCORE and ARK. (Excerpt from <a href="http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/">this source</a>)

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california digital library

The California Digital Library, or CDL, is the University of California's 11th University Library. The CDL was founded to assist the ten University of California libraries in sharing their resources and holdings more effectively, in part through negotiating and acquiring consortial licenses on behalf of the entire University of California libraries system. Its current mission is to support the assembly and creative use of the world's scholarship and knowledge for the University of California libraries and the communities they serve. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Digital_Library">Wikipedia article: California Digital Library</a>)

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The CAMEL Tangible Benefits of e-Learning Project aimed to collate and share the tangible and real benefits to staff, learners and institutions of e-learning, through a discipline and academic department focus by using the CAMEL model devised by JISC infoNet and ALT. Its objectives were to produce: up to 16 institutional case studies, with a subject discipline focus, to identify tangible benefits of e-learning; and report on the CAMEL workshops and evaluation of the process (also identifying any real or perceived weaknesses or threats of e-learning). The final outputs are 37 case studies from 16 institutions, so the project has exceeded its original case study target. The approach taken was to: agree a template for the case studies and set up a wiki so that participants could collaborate online; hold a series of 24-hour workshops during which participants would question, challenge and reflect on each others' practice; continue the exchanges online to finalise the case studies; and synthesise the outcomes for JISC and the wider community. Project start date: 2006-01-01. Project end date: 2007-07-31. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.jiscinfonet.ac.uk/camel">this source</a>)

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canterbury christ church university

Canterbury Christ Church University is a university in Canterbury, Kent, England. The University has developed rapidly since its inception in 1962 and now has nearly 20,000 students based at campuses across Kent, in Canterbury, Broadstairs, Folkestone, Medway and Tunbridge Wells. As well as being the largest centre of higher education in Kent for the public services &dash; notably teacher training, health and social care, and the emergency services &dash; the university also offers an extensive range of academic and professional programmes, from credit bearing higher education entry certificates through to doctorates and research degrees. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canterbury_Christ_Church_University">Wikipedia article: Canterbury Christ Church University</a>)

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cardiff university

Cardiff University is a university located in the Cathays Park area of Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. It received its Royal charter in 1883 and is a member of the Russell Group of Universities. The university is consistently recognised as providing the best university education in Wales. In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise, almost 60 per cent of all research at Cardiff University was assessed as world-leading or internationally excellent - 4* and 3* the top two categories of assessment. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiff_University">Wikipedia article: Cardiff University</a>)

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carnegie mellon university

Carnegie Mellon University (also known as Carnegie Mellon or simply CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The university began as the Carnegie Technical Schools, founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1900. In 1912, the school became Carnegie Institute of Technology and began granting four-year degrees. In 1967, the Carnegie Institute of Technology merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to form Carnegie Mellon University. The University’s 140-acre (0.57 km2) main campus is 3 miles (4.8 km) from Downtown Pittsburgh and abuts the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh. Carnegie Mellon has seven colleges and independent schools: the Carnegie Institute of Technology (engineering), College of Fine Arts, Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mellon College of Science, Tepper School of Business, School of Computer Science, and H. John Heinz III College. Carnegie Mellon students come from all 50 U.S. states and 93 countries. It consistently ranks among the top 25 universities in the United States and was named one of the "New Ivies" by Newsweek in 2006. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnegie_Mellon_University">Wikipedia article: Carnegie Mellon University</a>)

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catalogue index

A catalogue index is a network service that provides access to a machine-generated database of information derived from the content of items in a collection. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/distributed-systems/jisc-ie/arch/glossary/">JISC Information Environment Glossary</a>)

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A library catalog (or library catalogue) is a register of all bibliographic items found in a library or group of libraries, such as a network of libraries at several locations. A bibliographic item can be any information entity (e.g., books, computer files, graphics, realia, cartographic materials, etc.) that is considered library material (e.g., a single novel in an anthology), or a group of library materials (e.g., a trilogy), or linked from the catalog (e.g., a webpage) as far as it is relevant to the catalog and to the users (patrons) of the library. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_catalog">Wikipedia article: Library catalogue</a>)

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This project builds on the results of JISC's eLib Phase 3 programme in the area of resource discovery. It enhances the 'distributed' part of the JISC Information Environment, in that it aims to bring together in a virtual way distributed catalogue to offer richer search and retrieve possibilities for users. This is an example of the JISC vision which states that 'it is not a centralised service and does not rely on a single dedicated entry point'. The primary aims of this project are split into two groups, due to the organisation of the teams carrying out the work. Firstly, M25 and Copac will investigate the feasibility of inter-linking between a very large physical union catalogue and a large virtual union catalogue. A number of issues will be included in this investigation such as comparative speed of searching, de-duplication, results ranking and also comparing the accuracy both of the records themselves and the results. The second area of work undertaken by CAIRNS and RIDING will look at collection level description schemas in relation to both the clumps and Copac. Issues such as target selection in clumps and developing guidelines for cataloguing and indexing practices are also included. The project outcomes will feed into any potential development of a UK National Union Catalogue. Project start date: 2002-05-01. Project end date: 2004-03-31. (Excerpt from <a href="http://ccinterop.cdlr.strath.ac.uk/">this source</a>)

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The Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC) was a UK government body that carried out civil research in science and engineering. The CCLRC was created on 1 April 1995 as a non-departmental public body from the laboratories of the previous Science and Engineering Research Council including 1942 staff and an annual turnover of &pound;106 million which had temporarily been controlled by the EPSRC. It operated at three locations: Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, near Didcot in Oxfordshire, incorporating the ISIS neutron source; Daresbury Laboratory. at Daresbury in Cheshire; Chilbolton Observatory, near Stockbridge in Hampshire. The Diamond Light Source, was developed by the CCLRC at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and established as an independent company. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Council_for_the_Central_Laboratory_of_the_R... article: CCLRC</a>)

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The Community Dimensions of Learning Object Repositories project aims to identify and analyse the factors that influence practical uptake and implementation of learning object (LO) repositories, with a focus on social and cultural issues in support of Programme Objective ii. It will explore the use of LO repositories within learning communities based within single institutions as well as those that exist across institutions, regionally, nationally and internationally. Diverse learning communities are represented through eight project associates with considerable expertise in the development of LO repositories. The project partners will work closely with these associates to develop and test solutions to emerging requirements in support of uptake and implementation of LOs and LO repositories. Outputs include case studies and reports on a range of technical and process/workflow solutions; structured guidelines; and recommendations for institutional strategy and policy, that will be tested by a wide range of learning communities within a range of use cases. These outputs will be of benefit to the wider FE/HE community, particularly to senior managers and those implementing repositories. There will also be benefits to those engaged in initiatives working with other repository types as the project will collaborate closely with other Repository Programme projects to identify areas where common issues and solutions occur. Project start date: 2005-06-01. Project end date: 2007-05-31. (Excerpt from <a href="http://academy.gcal.ac.uk/cd-lor/">this source</a>)

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A CD-ROM (acronym of "Compact Disc Read-only memory") is a pre-pressed compact disc that contains data accessible to, but not writable by, a computer for data storage and music playback. The 1985 'Yellow Book' standard developed by Sony and Philips adapted the format to hold any form of binary data. CD-ROMs are popularly used to distribute computer software, including video games and multimedia applications, though any data can be stored (up to the capacity limit of a disc). Some CDs hold both computer data and audio with the latter capable of being played on a CD player, while data (such as software or digital video) is only usable on a computer (such as ISO 9660 format PC CD-ROMs). These are called enhanced CDs. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CD-ROM">Wikipedia article: CD-ROM</a>)

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Categories for the Description of Works of Art (CDWA) describes the content of art databases by articulating a conceptual framework for describing and accessing information about works of art, architecture, other material culture, groups and collections of works, and related images. The CDWA includes 512 categories and subcategories. A small subset of categories are considered core in that they represent the minimum information necessary to identify and describe a work. The CDWA includes discussions, basic guidelines for cataloging, and examples. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Categories_for_the_Description_of_Works_of_... article: CDWA</a>)

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Led by the University of East London (UEL) 'Clustering and Enhancing Digital Archives for Research (CEDAR)' will further enhance and embed the East London Theatre Archive (ELTA) into three popular Theatre Studies programmes at Royal Holloway, Nottingham and Sheffield universities. This cross institutional project will promote national dissemination of an already successful and unique archive. It will offer a large testing field for the development of enhanced content and usability - specifically the updating and addition of metadata and the enhancement of the user interface. ELTA will also be enhanced by its clustering with the three partner HEIs' own theatre digitisation projects to develop cross project browsing and search capability. This will aid the identification of gaps in pre-existing clustered data and the need for digitisation of additional content. Project start date: 2009-09-01. Project end date: 2011-02-28. (Excerpt from <a href="https://pims.jisc.ac.uk/projects/view/1501">this source</a>)

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The project aims to facilitate the creation and population of an Institutional Repository for the entire University, which will serve as an essential part of the University's system for managing submissions to the forthcoming Research Excellence Framework and will bring significant benefits in terms of increased impact and visibility for its research. Throughout the start up project, staff time will be divided between the development of the IR and related systems and the significant task of driving rapid cultural change, through advocacy and training. Project start date: 2009-04-01. Project end date: 2010-06-01. (Excerpt from <a href="https://pims.jisc.ac.uk/projects/view/1255">this source</a>)

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central school of speech and drama

he Central School of Speech and Drama (CSSD) was founded in London in 1906 by Elsie Fogerty to offer a new form of training in speech and drama for young actors and other students. The school has been a constituent college of the University of London since 2005. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_School_of_Speech_and_Drama">Wikipedia article: Central School of Speech and Drama</a>)

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centre of history society and culture

Centre of History Society and Culture University of Coimbra


CERIF (Common European Research Information Format) emerged first as a simple standard not unlike a library catalogue card or the present DC (Dublin Core Metadata Standard) and was intended as a data exchange format. It was based on records describing projects, with persons and organisational units as attributes. However, it was soon realised that in practice this CERIF91 standard was inadequate: it was too rigid in format, did not handle repeating groups of information, was not multilingual / multi character set and did not represent in a sufficiently rich way the universe of interest. A new group of experts was convened and CERIF2000 was generated. Its essential features are: (a) it has the concept of objects or entities with attributes such as project, person, organisational unit; (b) it supports n:m relationships between them (and recursively on any of them) using 'linking relations' thus providing rich semantics including roles and time; (c) it is fully internationalised in language and character set; (d) it is extensible without prejudicing the core datamodel thus providing guaranteed interoperability at least at the core level but not precluding even richer intercommunication. It is designed for use both for data exchange (data file transfer) and for heterogeneous distributed query / result environments. With CERIF2004, minor improvements in consistency have been released. With CERIF2006 substantial improvements have been implemented with the model, concerning in particular the introduction of a so-called Semantic Layer, that makes the model flexible and scalable for application in very heterogeneous environments. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.eurocris.org/Index.php?page=CERIFintroduction&t=1">this source</a>)

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