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This page provides an overview of 595 keyword tags, ordered by trending factor. Column headings allow re-sorting by other criteria. In the expanding tab below you can adjust filters to display sub-sets of keywords and narrow the focus to specific terms of interest (see FAQs on filtering for usage tips). Select this link to remove all filters.

Term Brief description Total articles Total usage Trending factor Charts

natural language processing

Natural language processing (NLP) is a field of computer science and linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages. In theory, natural-language processing is a very attractive method of human-computer interaction. Natural language understanding is sometimes referred to as an AI-complete problem, because natural-language recognition seems to require extensive knowledge about the outside world and the ability to manipulate it. NLP has significant overlap with the field of computational linguistics, and is often considered a sub-field of artificial intelligence. Modern NLP algorithms are grounded in machine learning, especially statistical machine learning. Research into modern statistical NLP algorithms requires an understanding of a number of disparate fields, including linguistics, computer science, and statistics. For a discussion of the types of algorithms currently used in NLP, see the article on pattern recognition. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Natural language processing)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.7%.
13 28

nesstar

Nesstar is a software system for data publishing and online analysis. The software consists of tools which enables data providers to disseminate their data on the Web. Nesstar handles survey data and multidimensional tables as well as text resources. Users can search, browse and analyse the data online. Nesstar helps users do the following: publish your data and metadata; provide access to all your data through a single system; enable users to analyse or download data online; visualize your data with maps, graphs, tables. (Excerpt from this source)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.1%.
2 2

netvibes

Netvibes is a personalized dashboard publishing platform for the Web including digital life management, widget distribution services and brand observation rooms. Common uses: brand monitoring; e-reputation management; product marketing; community portals, personal workspaces. Netvibes is a multi-lingual Ajax-based personalized start page or personal web portal much like My Yahoo!, iGoogle or Pageflakes. It is organized into tabs, with each tab containing user-defined modules. Built-in Netvibes modules include an RSS/Atom feed reader, local weather forecasts, a calendar supporting iCal, bookmarks, notes, to-do lists, multiple searches, support for POP3, IMAP4 email as well as several webmail providers including Gmail, Yahoo! Mail, Hotmail, and AOL Mail, Box.net web storage, Delicious, Meebo, Flickr photos, podcast support with a built-in audio player, and several others. A page can be personalized further through the use of existing themes or by creating personal theme. Customized tabs, feeds and modules can be shared with others individually or via the Netvibes Ecosystem. For privacy reasons, only modules with publicly available content can be shared. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Netvibes)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.4%.
7 9

network protocol

A communications protocol (also known as a network protocol) is a formal description of digital message formats and the rules for exchanging those messages in or between computing systems and in telecommunications. Protocols may include signaling, authentication and error detection and correction capabilities. A protocol describes the syntax, semantics, and synchronization of communication and may be implemented in hardware or software, or both. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Network protocol)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.1%.
2 2

network service

A network service is a service that is provided on-line (digitally). 'Informational' network services include those that provide access to, or metadata about, items or collections at a digital location. Examples include Web sites, document supply services, abstracting and indexing services, data archives, online catalogues, databases, email archives, etc. 'Transactional' network services are those that are not primarily concerned with the supply of information, for example format conversion, printing, authentication or e-commerce services. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Network service)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.8%.
14 24

nosql

NoSQL (read sometimes as noseequel) is a relational database management system that is fast and portable. It is a shell-level tool. NoSQL runs under the UNIX operating system. In contrast to the NoSQL concept, which proposes distributed data stores that cannot use SQL at all, NoSQL intentionally avoids the usage of this language. NoSQL uses the operator-stream paradigm, where a number of "operators" perform a unique function on the passed data. The stream used is supplied by the UNIX input/output redirection system so that over the pipe system, the result of the calculation can be passed to other operators. As UNIX pipes run in memory, it is a very efficient way of implementation. NoSQL is written mostly in interpretive languages that makes it not the fastest RDBMS. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: NoSQL)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.1%.
1 2

oai-ore

Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) defines standards for the description and exchange of aggregations of Web resources. The OAI-ORE specification implements the ORE Model which introduces the Resource Map (ReM) that makes it possible to associate an identity with aggregations of resources and make assertions about their structure and semantics. These aggregations (sometimes called compound digital objects or compound information objects) may combine distributed resources together, and with multiple media types including text, images, data, and video. The goal of OAI-ORE is to expose the rich content in aggregations to applications that support authoring, deposit, exchange, visualization, reuse, and preservation. OAI-ORE is funded by the Mellon Foundation. Version 1.0 of the specification was released on 17 October 2008. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: OAI-ORE)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.8%.
14 80

oasis saml

Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) is an XML-based open standard for exchanging authentication and authorization data between security domains, that is, between an identity provider (a producer of assertions) and a service provider (a consumer of assertions). SAML is a product of the OASIS Security Services Technical Committee. The single most important problem that SAML is trying to solve is the Web Browser Single Sign-On (SSO) problem, a problem also addressed by the OpenID protocol. Single sign-on solutions are abundant at the intranet level (using cookies, for example) but extending these solutions beyond the intranet has been problematic and has led to the proliferation of non-interoperable proprietary technologies. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: SAML)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.1%.
1 1

object database

An object database (also object-oriented database management system or OODBMS) is a database management system in which information is represented in the form of objects as used in object-oriented programming. Object databases are a niche field within the broader database management system (DBMS) market dominated by relational database management systems. Object databases have been considered since the early 1980s and 1990s, but they have made little impact on mainstream commercial data processing, though there is some usage in specialized areas. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Object database)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.2%.
4 6

object oriented software

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm using "objects" - data structures consisting of data fields and methods together with their interactions - to design applications and computer programs. Programming techniques may include features such as data abstraction, encapsulation, messaging, modularity, polymorphism, and inheritance. Many modern programming languages now support OOP. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Object oriented programming)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.1%.
1 1

odp

The Open Document Format for Office Applications (also known as OpenDocument or ODF) is an XML-based file format for representing electronic documents such as spreadsheets, charts, presentations and word processing documents. While the specifications were originally developed by Sun Microsystems, the standard was developed by the OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) TC - OASIS ODF TC, committee of the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) consortium and based on the XML format originally created and implemented by the OpenOffice.org office suite (see OpenOffice.org XML). (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: OpenDocument presentation)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.2%.
3 4

odrl

ODRL (Open Digital Rights Language) is an XML-based standard Rights Expression Language (REL) used in Digital Rights Management systems and open content management systems. ODRL is managed by an open organization that's open to public participation. It has created a profile that supports Creative Commons licenses and is working on a profile for geospatial data and a profile for Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) metadata. The ODRL Version 2.0 is currently working on major revisions of the new version of ODRL. There is at least one open source implementation of ODRL available.[citation needed] The Open Mobile Alliance has adopted ODRL as the REL used in their DRM specifications and new mobile phone handsets support this ODRL Profile. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: ODRL)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.2%.
4 14

ogg

Ogg is a free, open standard container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation. The creators of the Ogg format state that it is unrestricted by software patents and is designed to provide for efficient streaming and manipulation of high quality digital multimedia. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Ogg)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.3%.
5 9

ogg theora

Theora is a free lossy video compression format. It is developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation and distributed without licensing fees alongside their other free and open media projects, including the Vorbis audio format and the Ogg container. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Theora)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.1%.
1 8

onix

ONIX (ONline Information eXchange) currently refers to any of three XML formats for use primarily within the book trade. ONIX was originally a single standard for capturing bibliographic data relating to books. That standard is now referred to as ONIX for Books and has been expanded to include better support for eBooks. A second ONIX standard, ONIX for Serials has been added to capture metadata pertaining to serialised publications. There is also a third standard, ONIX for Publications Licenses (ONIX-PL), designed to handle the licenses under which libraries and other institutions use digital resources. According to EDItEUR, one of the principal organisations behind the creation of the ONIX standards, ONIX is: "an XML-based family of international standards intended to support computer-to-computer communication between parties involved in creating, distributing, licensing or otherwise making available intellectual property in published form, whether physical or digital. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Onix)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.6%.
10 35

onix-pl

ONIX for Publications Licenses (ONIX-PL) is a family of standard XML messaging protocols for exchanging licensing information that builds on the work of the Digital Libraries Federation Electronic Resource Management Initiative (ERMI) and NISO's License Expression Working Group (LEWG). (Excerpt from this source)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.1%.
1 9

opac

An Online Public Access Catalog (often abbreviated as OPAC or simply Library Catalog) is an online database of materials held by a library or group of libraries. Users search a library catalog principally to locate books and other material physically located at a library. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: OPAC)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 5.6%.
97 195

open standard

An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage. The terms "open" and "standard" have a wide range of meanings associated with their usage. There are a number of definitions of open standards which emphasize different aspects of openness, including of the resulting specification, the openness of the drafting process, and the ownership of rights in the standard. The term "standard" is sometimes restricted to technologies approved by formalized committees that are open to participation by all interested parties and operate on a consensus basis. The definitions of the term "open standard" used by academics, the European Union and some of its member governments or parliaments such as Denmark, France, and Spain preclude open standards requiring fees for use, as do the New Zealand, South African and the Venezuelan governments. On the standard organisation side, the W3C ensures that its specifications can be implemented on a Royalty-Free (RF) basis. (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: Open standard)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.5%.
9 8

opendocument

The Open Document Format for Office Applications (also known as OpenDocument or ODF) is an XML-based file format for representing electronic documents such as spreadsheets, charts, presentations and word processing documents. While the specifications were originally developed by Sun Microsystems, the standard was developed by the OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) TC - OASIS ODF TC, committee of the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) consortium and based on the XML format originally created and implemented by the OpenOffice.org office suite (see OpenOffice.org XML). (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: OpenDocument presentation)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.2%.
3 3

openid

OpenID is an open standard that describes how users can be authenticated in a decentralized manner, obviating the need for services to provide their own ad hoc systems and allowing users to consolidate their digital identities. The OpenID protocol does not rely on a central authority to authenticate a user's identity. Moreover, neither services nor the OpenID standard may mandate a specific means by which to authenticate users, allowing for approaches ranging from the common (such as passwords) to the novel (such as smart cards or biometrics). The term OpenID may also refer to an ID as specified in the OpenID standard; these IDs take the form of a unique URL, and are managed by some 'OpenID provider' that handles authentication. OpenID authentication is now used and provided by several large websites. Providers include AOL, BBC, Google, IBM, MySpace, Orange, PayPal, VeriSign, LiveJournal, and Yahoo! (Excerpt from Wikipedia article: OpenID)

Percentage of Ariadne articles tagged with this term: 0.2%.
4 87
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