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Web Watch: A Survey Of Web Server Software Used In UK University Web Sites

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Brian Kelly A Survey Of Web Server Software Used In UK University Web Sites.

What Web server software is used within the UK Higher Education community? What trends are there? How can I find out which institutions are using the same software as mine? Am I running a dated version of the software, compared with the rest of the community? This survey aims to provide answers to these questions by surveying the server software used on the main institutional entry point.

Using The Netcraft Service

Netcraft [1] is a company based in Bath which carries out surveys of Web server software. The Netcraft survey is very comprehensive, with the survey in May 2000 successfully polling over 15 million sites. Netcraft publish monthly reports on their surveys [2].

Netcraft also provide an interface which enables details of the Web server used at a site to be obtained. The Netcraft interface to this service is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Netcraft interface
Figure 1: Netcraft interface

This service has been used to analyse the Web server software used by UK Universities on the main institutional Web site. The results are provided in Appendix 1 of this article.

Summary of Findings

As expected the Apache server was the most widely used server software. In second place came Microsoft's IIS. A histogram showing the results is given in Figure 2.

Figure 2: Histogram of Number of Web Server Software
Figure 2: Histogram of Number of Web Server Software

70% (111) of Web servers appear to run on Unix platforms, with 26.25% (43) on a Microsoft Windows platform. The remaining 3.75% of servers run on Novell Netware (3), Apple Macintosh (2) or DEC VMS (1) platforms. There were a small number of unusual hardware / software combinations, including two occurrences of Apache running on MS Windows and one occurrence of IIS running on Unix.

In addition to the Apache and IIS server software, the Netscape server software was used at 13 institutions (10 on a Unix platform, two on Novell Netware and one on MS Windows), followed by CERN (3), NCSA and WebSTAR (two each) and one occurrence of the SWS, Novell, OSU, Vegserver and WebSite Pro software.

As well as Unix and MS Windows operating system environments, there were two occurrences of the Apple Macintosh platform and one of the Digital Alpha/VMS platform.

Comparison With Previous Survey

in October 1997 the WebWatch robot was used to survey UK University Web sites. The results were published in Ariadne [3]. A pie chart illustrating the findings and a comparison with the current findings is shown below.

Figure 3a: Chart of Web Server Software Usage in 1997 Figure 3b: Chart of Web Server Software Usage in 2000
Figure 3: Chart of Web Server Software Usage in 1997 and 2000

Since 1997 many of the less well-used server software (such as WN, BorderWare, Purveyor, HTTPS and Roxen Challenger) are no longer used. Use of the NCSA, CERN and Netscape server software has decreased. The only server software to show an increase is Apache and Microsoft.

Please note that additional surveys were carried out in July 1998 [4] and November 1998 [5].

References

  1. Netcraft,
    http://www.netcraft.com/
  2. Web Server Survey, Netcraft
    http://www.netcraft.com/survey/
  3. WebWatching UK Universities and Colleges, Ariadne, issue 12, November 1997
    http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue12/web-focus/
  4. Trawl Of UK University Entry Points - July 1998, Appendix 4 of "WebWatching UK Web Communities: Final Report For The WebWatch Project", UKOLN
    http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/webwatch/reports/final/rtf-html/report-Appendix-4.html
  5. Third Trawl of UK Academic Entry Points, UKOLN, November 1998
    http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/webwatch/reports/hei-nov1998/

Appendix 1: Survey Results

The Netcraft service was used to record the Web server software used on the main institutional Web server in UK Universities. The survey was carried out on 28 July 2000.

The following table contains details of the survey. Column 1 gives the name of the institution and a link to the institutional web server. Column 2 gives the name of the Web server software found within the university's domain. Column 3 enables the Netcraft service to be used to check the current status.

Table 1: Web Server Software Used In UK HEIs
Institution Server Software
20 July 2000
Current Server Software
Aberdeen Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) PHP/3.0.15 mod_ssl/2.3.11 OpenSSL/0.9.4 on Solaris Try it
Abertay Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Aberystwyth Apache/1.3.0 (Unix) on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Anglia Polytechnic University Apache/1.2.4 on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Aston Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/4.0.0 mod_ssl/2.6.4 OpenSSL/0.9.5a on Solaris Try it
Bangor Netscape-Enterprise/3.5.1 on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Bath Spa Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Bath Apache/1.3.11 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Belfast, The Queen's University of Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Birkbeck Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Birmingham Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/3.0.14 on Solaris Try it
Bolton Institute of Higher Education Netscape-Enterprise/3.6 SP2 on Solaris Try it
Bournemouth University Apache/1.2.4 on HP-UX Try it
Bradford Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Bretton College Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Brighton Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Bristol Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on IRIX Try it
Brunel Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) mod_perl/1.20 on Solaris Try it
Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Cambridge Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Canterbury Christ Church Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Cardiff Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Cardiff, University of Wales Institute (UWIC) Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Central England, University of (UCE) Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Central Lancashire Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Central School of Speech and Drama Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Cheltenham and Gloucester College of HE Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) (Red Hat/Linux) on Linux Try it
Chester College Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/3.0.15 on FreeBSD Try it
Chichester, University College Apache/1.3.1 (Unix) on Linux Try it
City Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
College of Guidance Studies CERN/3.0A on Solaris Try it
Coventry Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Cranfield Apache/1.3.11 (Unix) mod_ssl/2.5.0 OpenSSL/0.9.4 PHP/3.0.14 mod_perl/1.21 on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Dartington College of Arts NCSA/1.5.1 on IRIX Try it
De Montfort (DMU) Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Derby Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Dundee Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) mod_perl/1.19 on Solaris Try it
Durham Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/3.0.16 on Solaris Try it
East Anglia, University of (UEA) Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) mod_perl/1.21_03 on Solaris Try it
East London Apache/1.3.4 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Edge Hill Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Edinburgh Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) PHP/3.0.16 mod_perl/1.21 on Solaris Try it
Essex Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Exeter Apache/1.2.6 on IRIX Try it
Falmouth Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Glamorgan Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Linux Try it
Glasgow Caledonian University Apache/1.3.3 (Unix) FrontPage/3.0.4.2 on Solaris Try it
Glasgow School of Art Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Glasgow Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Goldsmiths College Vegserver/3.0.0 on Solaris Try it
Greenwich Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Harper Adams Apache/1.2.5 Cobalt on Linux Try it
Heriot-Watt Apache/1.3.11 (Unix) mod_ssl/2.5.0 OpenSSL/0.9.4 on Linux Try it
Hertfordshire Apache/1.3.3 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Huddersfield Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/4.0RC2 on Solaris Try it
Hull Apache/1.2.5 on Solaris Try it
Imperial Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Institute of Education Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Keele Apache/1.3.12 on BSD/OS Try it
Kent Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) PHP/3.0.13 on Solaris Try it
Kent Institute of Art and Design Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
King Alfred's College, Winchester Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
King's College London (KCL) Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/4.0.0 on Solaris Try it
Kingston Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Lampeter Apache/1.3.11 (Unix) mod_perl/1.21 mod_ssl/2.5.0 OpenSSL/0.9.3a on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Lancaster Apache/1.3.12 on Solaris Try it
Leeds Netscape-Communications/1.1 on Solaris Try it
Leeds Metropolitan University (LMU) Apache/1.3.3 (Unix) PHP/3.0.5 on Solaris Try it
Leicester Netscape-Enterprise/3.5.1 on IRIX Try it
Lincolnshire and Humberside Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on FreeBSD Try it
Liverpool Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Liverpool John Moore Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Liverpool Hope Netscape-Enterprise/3.5-For-NetWare on NetWare Try it
London Business School Netscape-Enterprise/3.6 SP2 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
London Guildhall Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
London Institute Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
University of London (Institutes) Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Linux Try it
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Apache/1.3.11 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Loughborough Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Luton Apache/1.3.4 (Unix) on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Manchester Institute of Science & Technology (UMIST) Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) Apache/1.3b3 on Solaris Try it
Manchester Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) Debian/GNU PHP/3.0.16 AuthMySQL/2.20 mod_perl/1.21_03-dev on Linux Try it
Manchester Business School Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Medicine, University of Wales College of Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Middlesex Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Napier Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Newcastle Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/4.0.1pl2 on Solaris Try it
Newman Apache/1.3.3 (Unix) Debian/GNU on Linux Try it
Newport Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
North-East Wales Institute of Higher Education (NEWI) Novell-HTTP-Server/3.1R1 on NetWare Try it
North London (UNL) Netscape-Enterprise/3.6 SP1 on Solaris Try it
North Riding College Higher Education Corporation Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Northampton, University College Apache/1.2.6 on Solaris Try it
Northern College of Education SWS-1.0 on Solaris Try it
Northern School of Contemporary Dance Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
University of Northumbria at Newcastle (UNN) Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) PHP/3.0.12 on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Norwich School of Art and Design Microsoft-IIS/3.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Nottingham Trent Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Nottingham Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/4.0.0 PHP/3.0.16 on Solaris Try it
Oxford Apache/1.3.3 (Unix) (Red Hat/Linux) on Linux Try it
Oxford Brookes NCSA/1.5.2 on Solaris Try it
Paisley Netscape-Enterprise/3.6 SP3 on Solaris Try it
Plymouth Apache/1.3.3 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Portsmouth Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Queen Margaret University College Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Queen Mary and Westfield College Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Ravensbourne College of Design and Communication Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Reading Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/3.0.16 mod_perl/1.21 on Solaris Try it
Ripon and York St John, College of Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Robert Gordon University Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Roehampton Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Rose Bruford College CERN/3.0A on Solaris Try it
Royal Academy of Music Apache/1.2.4 on Linux Try it
Royal College of Art Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Royal College of Music Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Royal Holloway OSU/3.3b Try it
Royal Northern College of Music Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) mod_perl/1.19 PHP/3.0.7 on FreeBSD Try it
Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama Netscape-FastTrack/3.02 on IRIX Try it
Royal Veterinary College Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
St Andrews Netscape-Enterprise/4.1 on Solaris Try it
St George's Hospital Medical School Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
St Mark and St John, College of Apache/1.3.0 on FreeBSD Try it
St Mary's College Microsoft-IIS/3.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Salford Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) WebSTAR/4.2(SSL) ID/77067 on MacOS Try it
Scottish Agricultural College Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Sheffield Hallam University Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Sheffield Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) AuthMySQL/2.20 PHP/3.0.16 on Solaris Try it
South Bank University Apache/1.3.3 (Unix) on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Southampton Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on IRIX Try it
Southampton Institute Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Staffordshire Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) ApacheJServ/1.0 PHP/3.0.12 on Compaq Tru64 UNIX Try it
Stirling Apache/1.3.12 (Win32) on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Strathclyde Apache/1.3.4 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Sunderland Apache/1.2.0 on Solaris Try it
Surrey Institute of Art and Design Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Surrey Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Sussex Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/4.0.1pl2 mod_ssl/2.6.4 OpenSSL/0.9.5a on Solaris Try it
Swansea Institute of Higher Education Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Swansea Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) FrontPage/4.0.4.3 on Solaris Try it
Teeside Apache/1.3.1 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Thames Valley Netscape-Enterprise/3.6 SP2 on Solaris Try it
Trinity and All Saints WebSitePro/2.3.7 (Using iHTML/2.17) on NT4 or Windows 98 Try it
Trinity College of Music CERN/3.0A on Solaris Try it
Trinity College, Carmarthen Apache/1.3.6 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
Ulster Apache/1.3.12 on Solaris Try it
University College London Apache/1.2.6 Try it
Warwick Apache/1.3.11 (Unix) mod_perl/1.21 DAV/0.9.15 PHP/3.0.16 on Solaris Try it
Welsh College of Music and Drama Apache/1.3.3 (Unix) (Red Hat/Linux) on Linux Try it
West of England, University of (UWE) Apache/1.2.0 on Solaris Try it
Westhill College Netscape-Enterprise/3.6 on Solaris Try it
Westminster College WebSTAR (could not be determined by Netcraft) Try it
Westminster Microsoft-IIS/4.0 on Solaris Try it
Wolverhampton Apache/1.3.12 (Unix) PHP/4.0.0 on Solaris Try it
Worcester, University College Apache/1.3.6 (Win32) (could not be determined by Netcraft) Try it
Writtle College Netscape-Enterprise/3.5-For-NetWare on NetWare Try it
Wye College Apache/1.3.9 (Unix) on Solaris Try it
York Apache/1.3.9 on Solaris Try it

Table 2 gives a summary of the Web server software usage, by institution.

Table 2: Web Server Software Usage By Server Software
Server Software No. Institutions
Apache 95 Unix platform (93)
Aberdeen - Aberystwyth - APU - Aston - Bath - QUB - Birkbeck - Birmingham - Bournemouth - Bradford - Brighton - Bristol - Brunel - Cambridge - Cardiff - UCE - Central Lancashire - Cheltenham and Gloucester - Chester - Chichester - City - Coventry - Cranfield - DMU - Dundee - Durham - UEA - East London - Edge Hill - Edinburgh - Essex - Exeter - Glamorgan - Glasgow Caledonia - Glasgow - Greewich - Harper Adams - Heriot-Watt - Hertfordshire - Huddersfield - Hull - Keele - Kent - KCL - Kingston - Lampeter - Lancaster - LMU - Lincolnshire - Liverpool - London Guildhall - LSE - London School of Tropical Medicine - Loughborough - Luton - MMU - Manchester - University of Wales College of Medicine - Newcastle - Newman - Northampton - UNN - Nottingham - Oxford - Plymouth - Queen Mary and Westfield - Reading - Royal Academy of Music - Royal College of Art - Royal Northern College of Music - St George's Hospital Medical School - St Mark and St John - Salford - SHU - Sheffield - SBU - Southampton - Staffordshire - Strathclyde - Sunderland - Surrey - Sussex - Swansea - Teeside - Trinity College, Carmarthen - Ulster - UCL - Warwick - Welsh College of Music and Drama - UWE - Wolverhampton - Wye - York
MS Windows platform (2)
Stirling - Worcester, University College
IIS 40 MS Windows platform (39)
Abertay - Bath Spa - Buckinghamshire Chilterns - Bretton College - Canterbury Christ Church - UWIC - CSSD - Derby - Falmouth - Glasgow School of Art - Imperial - Institute of Education - Kent Institute - Liverpool John Moore - King Alfred's - London Institute - University of London (Institutes) - UMIST - Manchester Business School - Middlesex - Napier - Newport - Scarborough - Northern School of Contemporary Dance - Norwich School of Art and Design - Nottingham Trent - Portsmouth - Queen Margaret University College - Ravensbourne College - Ripon and York St John - Robert Gordon - Roehampton - Royal College of Music - Royal Veterinary College - St Mary's College - Scottish Agricultural College - Southampton Institute - Surrey Institute of Art and Design - Swansea Institute
Unix platform (1)
Westminster
Netscape 13 Unix platform (10) [Details]
Bangor - Bolton - Leeds - Leicester - University of North London - Paisley - RSAMD - St Andrews - Thames Valley - Westhill
MS Windows platform (1) [Details]
London Business School
Netware platform (2) [Details]
Liverpool Hope - Writtle
CERN 3 Unix platform
College of Guidance Studies - Rose Bruford College - Trinity College Of Music
NCSA 2 Unix platform
Dartington - Oxford Brookes
SWS 1 Unix platform
Northern College
WebStar 2 Macintosh platform
SOAS - Westminster College
Novell 1 Netware platform
NEWI
OSU 1 Digital Alpha/VMS platform
Royal Holloway
VegServer 1 Unix platform
Goldsmiths
Website Pro 1 MS Windows platform
TASC

Author Details

Picture of Brian Kelly Brian Kelly
UK Web Focus
UKOLN
University of Bath
Bath
BA2 7AY

Email: b.kelly@ukoln.ac.uk

Brian Kelly is UK Web Focus. He works for UKOLN, which is based at the University of Bath

 

Date published: 
24 September 2000

This article has been published under copyright; please see our access terms and copyright guidance regarding use of content from this article. See also our explanations of how to cite Ariadne articles for examples of bibliographic format.

How to cite this article

Brian Kelly. "Web Watch: A Survey Of Web Server Software Used In UK University Web Sites". September 2000, Ariadne Issue 25 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/web-watch/


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