Top organisations by trending factor http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/organisations/trending/trending-factor?name= en queensland university of technology http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/16290/0/feed Queensland University of Technology (QUT) is a research university in Brisbane, Australia. QUT is located on three campuses in the Brisbane area: Gardens Point, Kelvin Grove, and Caboolture. The university has approximately 35,000 undergraduate students and 5,000 post graduate students, of which 6,000 are international students. It has over 4 000 staff members, and an annual budget of more than AU$750 million. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queensland_University_of_Technology">Wikipedia article: Queensland University of Technology</a>) hiroshima university http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/16265/0/feed Hiroshima University, in the Japanese cities of Higashihiroshima and Hiroshima, was established 1949 by the merger of a number of national educational institutions. Under the National School Establishment Law, Hiroshima University was established on May 31, 1949. After World War II, the school system in Japan was entirely reformed and each of the institutions of higher education under the pre-war system was reorganized. As a general rule, one national university was established in each prefecture, and Hiroshima University became a national university under the new system by combining the pre-war higher educational institutions in Hiroshima Prefecture. The new university combined eight component institutions: Hiroshima University of Literature and Science, Hiroshima School of Secondary Education, Hiroshima School of Education, Hiroshima Women's School of Secondary Education, Hiroshima School of Education for Youth, Hiroshima Higher School, Hiroshima Higher Technical School, and Hiroshima Municipal Higher Technical School. In 1953, the Hiroshima Prefectural Medical College was added to the new Hiroshima University. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiroshima_University">Wikipedia article: Hiroshima University</a>) national institute of informatics http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/16302/0/feed The National Institute of Informatics (NII) is a Japanese research institute created in April 2000 for the purpose of advancing the study of informatics. This institute is also devoted to creating a system to facilitate the spread of scientific information to the general public. The NII is the only comprehensive research institute in Japan in informatics. It also oversees and maintains a large, searchable information database on a variety of scientific and non-scientific topics called Webcat. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Institute_of_Informatics">Wikipedia article: National Institute of Informatics</a>) kagawa university http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/16264/0/feed Kagawa University is a national university in Takamatsu, Kagawa, Japan. The university was established in 1949 as a national university after the consolidation and reorganization of the Kagawa Normal School, the Kagawa Normal School for Youth and the Takamatsu College of Economics (formerly the Takamatsu Higher School of Commerce). This university includes: Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Education, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Medicine. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kagawa_University">Wikipedia article: Kagawa_University</a>) university of southampton http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1201/0/feed The University of Southampton is a "red-brick" British public university located in the city of Southampton, England. The origins of the university can be dated back to the founding of the Hartley Institution in 1862 by Henry Robertson Hartley. In 1902 the Institution developed into the Hartley University College, with degrees awarded by the University of London. On 29 April 1952, HM Queen Elizabeth II, granted a Royal Charter to give the University of Southampton full university status. This was the first Royal Charter granted by HM Queen Elizabeth II on her accession to the throne. The university is a member of the Russell Group of research universities and the Worldwide Universities Network. It currently has over 17,000 undergraduate and 7,000 postgraduate students, making it the largest university by higher education students in the South East region. The main campus is located in the Highfield area of Southampton. Four other campuses are located throughout the city alongside the School of Art based in nearby Winchester. The university has a strong emphasis on research, having one of the highest proportions of income derived from research activities in Britain. Southampton is highly regarded as a centre for educational excellence, ranking nationally as a top 20 university in various tables, and regularly rated in the top 10 of the National Student Survey. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Southampton">Wikipedia article: University of Southampton</a>) altmetric llp http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/16310/0/feed Altmetric is a London-based start-up focused on making article measures easy. Its mission is to track and analyse the online activity around scholarly literature. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.altmetric.com/">this source</a>) university of leeds http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13306/0/feed The University of Leeds (informally Leeds University, or simply Leeds) is a British Redbrick university located in the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. The University is a member of the Russell Group of research-intensive universities, of which the university's Vice-Chancellor Prof Michael Arthur is the current Chairman, and the N8 Group for research collaboration. The university is also a founding member of the Worldwide Universities Network, the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the European University Association, the White Rose University Consortium, the Santander Network and CDIO and is also affiliated to the Association of MBAs, EQUIS and Universities UK. The student population includes 24,510 undergraduate and 8,805 postgraduate students making the university the second largest single site university in the United Kingdom. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Leeds">Wikipedia article: University of Leeds</a>) sherpa-leap http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/16301/0/feed SHERPA-LEAP (the London E-prints Access Project) is a University of London (UoL) partnership which has created open access institutional repositories at several University of London institutions and continues to support their development and management, through ongoing development projects, and as a consortium of repository managers. The SHERPA-LEAP Hub includes a blog, where all members can share ideas and reports of activities, discussion groups and forums for topics of interest, information about our projects and links to other resources for our repository managers. (Excerpt from <a href="http://www.sherpa-leap.ac.uk/">this source</a>) digital repository federation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/16257/0/feed The Digital Repository Federation (DRF) is a federation for the universities and research institutions that have set up institutional repositories (IRs) in Japan. It was established by Hokkaido University, Chiba University and Kanazawa University in 2006 as part of the Cyber Science Infrastructure Program (CSI) of the National Institute of Informatics (NII). It became an independent organization based on self-sustaining operation in 2010, and is currently made up of 144 universities and research institutions (as of June 5, 2012). It is a loose-knit coalition that does not have a strict membership system. (Excerpt from <a href="http://drf.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/drf/index.php?Digital%20Repository%20Federation%20%28in%20English%29">this source</a>) university of sydney http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/14095/0/feed The University of Sydney is a public university located in Sydney, New South Wales. The main campus spreads across the suburbs of Camperdown and Darlington on the south-western outskirts of the Sydney CBD. Founded in 1850, it is the oldest university in Australia and Oceania. It has 32,393 undergraduate and 16,627 graduate students (2011). The University of Sydney is organised into sixteen faculties and schools, through which it offers bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctoral degrees. Three Nobel laureates have been affiliated with the University as graduate and faculty. Sydney consistently ranks amongst the top three universities in Australia and Oceania. In 2010, it was ranked 37th in the world; 2nd in Australia, behind the Australian National University (20th) but ahead of the University of Melbourne (38th) in the QS World University Rankings. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Sydney">Wikipedia article: University of Sydney</a>) knowledge media institute http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13731/0/feed Layar is a Dutch company based in Amsterdam, founded in 2009 by Raimo van der Klein, Claire Boonstra and Maarten Lens-FitzGerald. They have created a mobile browser called Layar. The browser allows users to find various items based upon augmented reality technology. On September 1, 2010, the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Layar">Wikipedia article: Layar</a>) university of warwick http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13722/0/feed The University of Warwick (informally Warwick University or Warwick) is a public research university located in Coventry, United Kingdom. The University was founded in 1965 following a government initiative to expand access to higher education and in 2000 Warwick Medical School was opened as part of an initiative to train more doctors in the UK. The University describes itself as a research led institution and in the last Research Assessment Exercise the University was the 7th highest-ranked research institution in the UK. Warwick is the "2nd most targeted university in the UK by top employers." It is one of only five universities never to have been rated outside the top ten in terms of teaching excellence and research. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Warwick">Wikipedia article: University of Warwick</a>) abbyy http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/16012/0/feed ABBYY was founded in 1989 by David Yang. As of 2011, the company has over 1000 employees in fourteen offices in Germany (Munich), the UK (Bracknell), the USA (Milpitas, CA), Japan (Tokyo), Taiwan (Taipei), Russia (Moscow), Ukraine (Kiev), Canada (Ontario), Australia (Sydney), and Cyprus. The key area of ABBYY's development and research is text recognition technologies and applied linguistics. The majority of ABBYY products, such as document conversion and document capture solutions and technologies, are designed to simplify the transition from paper documents to electronic information, eliminating the most time-consuming and labour-intensive tasks such as retyping text and manual data entry. ABBYY also develops language products, which include ABBYY Lingvo dictionary software and solutions for professional translators such as ABBYY Aligner. In 2007, a branch specializing in publishing dictionaries, reference books, encyclopedias and guide-books, ABBYY Press, was established. ABBYY also owns ABBYY Language Services, a high-tech translation and localization agency. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ABBYY">Wikipedia article: ABBYY</a>) open university http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1405/0/feed The Open University (commonly Open University or its initialism OU, but officially "The" is part of its name) is a distance learning and research university founded by Royal Charter in the United Kingdom and funded in part by the United Kingdom Government. It is notable for having an open entry policy, i.e. students' previous academic achievements are not taken into account for entry to most undergraduate courses. The majority of the OU's undergraduate students are based in the United Kingdom and principally study off-campus, but many of its courses (both undergraduate and postgraduate) can be studied off-campus anywhere in the world. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_University">Wikipedia article: Open University</a>) loughborough university http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13090/0/feed Loughborough University is a campus university located in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England. It has been a university since 1966, but the institution dates back to 1909, when the then Loughborough Technical Institute began with a focus on skills and knowledge which would be directly applicable in the wider world, a tradition which continues to this day, with the UNIEI funded Annual Survey on University Technology Transfer Activities finding Loughborough to be the most efficient technology transfer operation in the UK. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loughborough_University">Wikipedia article: Loughborough University</a>) university of northampton http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13824/0/feed The University of Northampton is a university in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England. The university offers a wide range of undergraduate degrees with over 250 courses as well as foundation degrees, diplomas and a variety of postgraduate opportunities up to PhD level. It is one of only a handful of universities in the UK able to offer two-year fast-track degrees (currently for management and marketing and law) though it also offers four-year extended degrees with a year in industry. The university is internationally renowned for Waste Management education and research. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Northampton">Wikipedia article: University of Northampton</a>) national university of ireland http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/15008/0/feed The National University of Ireland (NUI) is a federal university system of constituent universities, previously called constituent colleges, and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997. The constituent universities are for all essential purposes independent universities, except that the degrees and diplomas are those of the National University of Ireland with its seat in Dublin. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_University_of_Ireland">Wikipedia article: National University of Ireland</a>) information today http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/15019/0/feed Information Today, Inc. (ITI) is the publisher of several Internet and Technology magazines, newsletters and books all geared toward the library, information & knowledge management community. They also coordinate several conferences for technology and library science professionals. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_Today,_Inc.">Wikipedia article: Information Today</a>) sconul http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13693/0/feed SCONUL (Society of College, National and University Libraries) is the membership organisation for all academic and national libraries in the UK and Ireland. SCONUL was founded in 1950 as the Standing Conference of National and University Libraries. In 1994 when British polytechnics became universities it merged with COPOL, the Council of Polytechnic Librarians, and in 2001 it extended its membership to libraries of Colleges of Higher Education and changed to its current name. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCONUL">Wikipedia article: Society of College, National and University Libraries (SCONUL)</a>) victoria university http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13795/0/feed Victoria University (VU) is a multi-sector tertiary institution (higher education and TAFE) based in Melbourne, Australia with 10 campuses. VU offers qualifications in higher education, vocational education (TAFE), and short courses. VU also offers learning pathways enabling students to move from a certificate course through to an advanced diploma, degree, or postgraduate qualification by coursework or research. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_University,_Australia">Wikipedia article: Victoria University</a>) indiana university http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/12237/0/feed Indiana University is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States. Indiana University has a combined student body of more than 100,000 students, including approximately 42,000 students enrolled at the Indiana University Bloomington campus and approximately 37,000 students enrolled at the Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) campus. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiana_University">Wikipedia article: Indiana University</a>) ordnance survey http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/159/0/feed Ordnance Survey, an executive agency and non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom, is the national mapping agency for Great Britain, producing maps of Great Britain (and to an extent, the Isle of Man), and one of the world's largest producers of maps. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordnance_survey">Wikipedia article: Ordnance Survey</a>) elsevier http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1191/0/feed Elsevier is a publishing company which publishes medical and scientific literature. It is a part of the Reed Elsevier group. Based in Amsterdam, the company has operations in the United Kingdom, USA and elsewhere. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elsevier">Wikipedia article: Elsevier</a>) carnegie mellon university http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/14078/0/feed Carnegie Mellon University (also known as Carnegie Mellon or simply CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The university began as the Carnegie Technical Schools, founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1900. In 1912, the school became Carnegie Institute of Technology and began granting four-year degrees. In 1967, the Carnegie Institute of Technology merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to form Carnegie Mellon University. The University’s 140-acre (0.57 km2) main campus is 3 miles (4.8 km) from Downtown Pittsburgh and abuts the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh. Carnegie Mellon has seven colleges and independent schools: the Carnegie Institute of Technology (engineering), College of Fine Arts, Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mellon College of Science, Tepper School of Business, School of Computer Science, and H. John Heinz III College. Carnegie Mellon students come from all 50 U.S. states and 93 countries. It consistently ranks among the top 25 universities in the United States and was named one of the "New Ivies" by Newsweek in 2006. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnegie_Mellon_University">Wikipedia article: Carnegie Mellon University</a>) badc http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/15858/0/feed The British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) is the Natural Environment Research Council's (NERC) Designated Data Centre for the Atmospheric Sciences. The role of the BADC is to assist UK atmospheric researchers to locate, access and interpret atmospheric data and to ensure the long-term integrity of atmospheric data produced by NERC projects. (Excerpt from <a href="http://badc.nerc.ac.uk/home/index.html">this source</a>) ieee http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/2103/0/feed The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE, read I-Triple-E) is a non-profit professional association dedicated to advancing technological innovation related to electricity. It has more than 400,000 members in more than 160 countries, 45% outside the United States. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institute_of_Electrical_and_Electronics_Engineers">Wikipedia article: IEEE</a>) university of manchester http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/12582/0/feed The University of Manchester is a public research university located in Manchester, United Kingdom. It is a 'red brick' university and a member of the Russell Group of research-intensive British universities and the N8 Group. The university was formed in 2004 by the dissolution of the Victoria University of Manchester (which was commonly known as the University of Manchester) and UMIST (University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology) and the immediate formation of a single institution inaugurated on 1 October. The University of Manchester and the constituent former institutions combined have 25 Nobel Laureates among their past and present students and staff, the third highest number of any single university in the United Kingdom (after Cambridge and Oxford). Four Nobel laureates are currently among its staff - Andre Geim (Physics, 2010), Kostya Novoselov (Physics, 2010), Sir John Sulston (Physiology and Medicine, 2002) and Joseph Stiglitz (Economics, 2001). (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Manchester">Wikipedia article: University of Manchester</a>) university of bath http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13320/0/feed The University of Bath (informally Bath University) is a campus university located in Bath, United Kingdom. It received its Royal Charter in 1966. With 20 out of its 26 subjects being ranked within the top 10 universities in the UK, Bath is placed 6th three times in a row in the table of Who's in Top Ten of Their Subjects from the Complete University Guide published by the Independent in 2009, 2010 and 2011. In addition, the Guardian University Guide 2010 placed Bath 9th nationally. The university is a member of the 1994 Group of research-led British universities, the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the Association of MBAs, the European Quality Improvement System, the European University Association, and the Universities UK. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Bath">Wikipedia article: University of Bath</a>) w3c http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/57/0/feed The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3). Founded and headed by Tim Berners-Lee, the consortium is made up of member organizations which maintain full-time staff for the purpose of working together in the development of standards for the World Wide Web. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W3c">Wikipedia article: W3C</a>) london school of economics http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/12346/0/feed The London School of Economics and Political Science (informally the London School of Economics or LSE) is a public research university specialised in the social sciences located in London, United Kingdom, and a constituent college of the federal University of London. Founded in 1895 by Fabian Society members Sidney Webb, Beatrice Webb and George Bernard Shaw, LSE joined the University of London in 1900 and degrees were issued to its students from 1902 onwards. Despite its name LSE conducts teaching and research across the entire range of the social sciences, including accounting and finance, anthropology, economics, geography, history, international relations, law, media and communications, philosophy, politics, psychology, social policy and sociology. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_School_of_Economics">Wikipedia article: London School of Economics and Political Science</a>) griffith university http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13981/0/feed Griffith University is a public, coeducational, research university located in the southeastern region of the Australian state of Queensland. The university has five satellite campuses located in the Gold Coast, Logan City and in the Brisbane suburbs of Mount Gravatt, Nathan and South Bank. Current total enrollment is approximately 43,000 with 4,000 full-time equivalent staff. Griffith University offers undergraduate and postgraduate degrees across ten discipline areas including Arts, Education, Business, Health, Law, Engineering, Information Technology, Environment, Music and Visual Arts. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griffith_University">Wikipedia article: Griffith University</a>) university of sheffield http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13317/0/feed The University of Sheffield is a leading research university based in the city of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England. It is one of the original 'red brick' universities and is a member of the Russell Group of leading research intensive universities. It was ranked 40th in the world's top 100 universities by the Global University Ranking Study 2009 and is consistently ranked amongst the top 20 universities in the United Kingdom and Europe according to The Good University Guide. It was the Sunday Times University of the Year in 2001. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Sheffield">Wikipedia article: University of Sheffield</a>) apple http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1419/0/feed Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation that designs and markets consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers. The company's best-known hardware products include the Macintosh line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. Apple software includes the Mac OS X operating system; the iTunes media browser; the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software; the iWork suite of productivity software; Aperture, a professional photography package; Final Cut Studio, a suite of professional audio and film-industry software products; Logic Studio, a suite of music production tools; the Safari internet browser; and iOS, a mobile operating system. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc.">Wikipedia article: Apple</a>) university of glasgow http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/12355/0/feed The University of Glasgow is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's four ancient universities. Located in Glasgow, the university was founded in 1451 and is presently one of seventeen British higher education institutions ranked amongst the top 100 of the world. A major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century, from the 19th century it became a pioneer in British higher education by providing for the educational needs of students from the growing urban and commercial classes, as opposed to the upper class. Glasgow served these students by preparing them for professions outwith commerce - the law, medicine, teaching, and the church. It also trained smaller numbers for careers in science and engineering. More recently it was the Sunday Times "Scottish University of the Year" for 2007 and the university is currently a member of the Russell Group and of Universitas 21. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Glasgow">Wikipedia article: University of Glasgow</a>) google http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/101/0/feed Google Inc. is an American multinational public corporation invested in Internet search, cloud computing, and advertising technologies. Google hosts and develops a number of Internet-based services and products, and generates profit primarily from advertising through its AdWords program. The company was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, often dubbed the "Google Guys", while the two were attending Stanford University as PhD candidates. It was first incorporated as a privately held company on September 4, 1998, and its initial public offering followed on August 19, 2004. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google">Wikipedia article: Google</a>) niso http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/4160/0/feed The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is a United States non-profit standards organization that develops, maintains and publishes technical standards related to publishing, bibliographic and library applications. It was founded in 1939, incorporated as a not-for-profit education association in 1983, and assumed its current name in 1984. NISO approved standards are published by ANSI. Unlike most other ANSI standards, many NISO standards are freely available from its web site. Designations (names) of NISO standards all start with "ANSI/NISO Z39." In addition to formal standards, NISO also publishes recommended practices, technical reports and other consensus documents. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Information_Standards_Organization">Wikipedia article: National Information Standards Organization</a>) university of cambridge http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1582/0/feed The University of Cambridge is a public research university in Cambridge, England. It is the second-oldest university in both England and the English-speaking world, and the seventh-oldest globally. In post-nominals the university's name is abbreviated as Cantab, a shortened form of Cantabrigiensis (an adjective derived from Cantabrigia, the Latinised form of Cambridge). The university grew out of an association of scholars in the city of Cambridge that was formed in 1209, early records suggest, by scholars leaving Oxford after a dispute with townsfolk. The two "ancient universities" have many common features and are often jointly referred to as Oxbridge. In addition to cultural and practical associations as a historic part of British society, they have a long history of rivalry with each other. Academically Cambridge ranks as one of the top universities in the world: first in the world in both the 2010 and 2011QS World University Rankings, sixth in the world in the 2010-2011 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and fifth in the world (and first in Europe) in the 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities. Cambridge regularly contends with Oxford for first place in UK league tables. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Cambridge">Wikipedia article: University of Cambridge</a>) university of birmingham http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/13823/0/feed The University of Birmingham (informally Birmingham University, or simply Birmingham ) is a British Redbrick university located in the city of Birmingham, England. It received its royal charter in 1900 as a successor to Birmingham Medical School (1825) and Mason Science College (1875). Birmingham was the first Redbrick university to gain a charter and thus university status. It is a member of the prestigious Russell Group of research universities and a founding member of Universitas 21. The student population includes around 16,500 undergraduate and 8,000 postgraduate students, making it the largest university in the West Midlands region, and the 11th largest in the UK. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Birmingham">Wikipedia article: University of Birmingham</a>) jisc http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/24/0/feed Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) support United Kingdom post-16 and higher education and research by providing leadership in the use of ICT (Information and Communications Technology) in support of learning, teaching, research and administration. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joint_Information_Systems_Committee">Wikipedia article: JISC</a>) british library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1174/0/feed The British Library is the library of the United Kingdom, and one of the world's largest libraries in terms of total number of items. The library is a major research library, holding over 150 million items from every country in the world, in virtually all known languages and in many formats, both print and digital: books, manuscripts, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, videos, play-scripts, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings. The Library's collections include around 14 million books (second only to the USA's Library of Congress), along with substantial holdings of manuscripts and historical items dating back as far as 2000 BC. (Excerpt from <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_library">Wikipedia article: British Library</a>)