Overview of content related to 'free software' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/110/0?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en eMargin: A Collaborative Textual Annotation Tool http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/kehoe-gee <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/kehoe-gee#author1">Andrew Kehoe</a> and <a href="/issue71/kehoe-gee#author2">Matt Gee</a> describe their Jisc-funded eMargin collaborative textual annotation tool, showing how it has widened its focus through integration with Virtual Learning Environments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the Research and Development Unit for English Studies (RDUES) at Birmingham City University, our main research field is Corpus Linguistics: the compilation and analysis of large text collections in order to extract new knowledge about language. We have previously developed the WebCorp [<a href="#1">1</a>] suite of software tools, designed to extract language examples from the Web and to uncover frequent and changing usage patterns automatically. eMargin, with its emphasis on <em>manual</em> annotation and analysis, was therefore somewhat of a departure for us.</p> <p>The eMargin Project came about in 2007 when we attempted to apply our automated Corpus Linguistic analysis techniques to the study of English Literature. To do this, we built collections of works by particular authors and made these available through our WebCorp software, allowing other researchers to examine, for example, how Dickens uses the word ‘woman’, how usage varies across his novels, and which other words are associated with ‘woman’ in Dickens’ works.</p> <p>What we found was that, although our tools were generally well received, there was some resistance amongst literary scholars to this large-scale automated analysis of literary texts. Our top-down approach, relying on frequency counts and statistical analyses, was contrary to the traditional bottom-up approach employed in the discipline, relying on the intuition of literary scholars. In order to develop new software to meet the requirements of this new audience, we needed to gain a deeper understanding of the traditional approach and its limitations.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="logo: eMargin logo" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue71-kehoe-gee/emargin-logo.png" style="width: 250px; height: 63px;" title="logo: eMargin logo" /></p> <h2 id="The_Traditional_Approach">The Traditional Approach</h2> <p>A long-standing problem in the study of English Literature is that the material being studied – the literary text – is often many hundreds of pages in length, yet the teacher must encourage class discussion and focus this on particular themes and passages. Compounding the problem is the fact that, often, not all students in the class have read the text in its entirety.</p> <p>The traditional mode of study in the discipline is ‘close reading’: the detailed examination and interpretation of short text extracts down to individual word level. This variety of ‘practical criticism’ was greatly influenced by the work of I.A. Richards in the 1920s [<a href="#2">2</a>] but can actually be traced back to the 11<sup>th</sup> Century [<a href="#3">3</a>]. What this approach usually involves in practice in the modern study of English Literature is that the teacher will specify a passage for analysis, often photocopying this and distributing it to the students. Students will then read the passage several times, underlining words or phrases which seem important, writing notes in the margin, and making links between different parts of the passage, drawing out themes and motifs. On each re-reading, the students’ analysis gradually takes shape (see Figure 1). Close reading takes place either in preparation for seminars or in small groups during seminars, and the teacher will then draw together the individual analyses during a plenary session in the classroom.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/kehoe-gee" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up andrew kehoe matt gee ahrc amazon birmingham city university blackboard british library cetis d-lib magazine google ims global ims global learning consortium jisc niso university of leicester university of oxford wikipedia accessibility aggregation ajax api big data blog browser data database digital library ebook free software html interoperability intranet java javascript jquery metadata moodle plain text repositories research search technology software standards tag cloud tagging tei url vle web browser wiki windows xml Thu, 04 Jul 2013 17:20:45 +0000 lisrw 2467 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Adapting VuFind as a Front-end to a Commercial Discovery System http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/seaman <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/seaman#author1">Graham Seaman</a> describes the adaptation of an open source discovery tool, VuFind, to local needs, discusses the decisions which needed to be made in the process, and considers the implications of this process for future library discovery systems.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>VuFind is an open source discovery system originally created by Villanova University near Philadelphia [<a href="#1">1</a>] and now supported by Villanova with the participation in development of libraries around the world. It was one of the first next-generation library discovery systems in the world, made possible by the open source Solr/Lucene text indexing and search system which lies at the heart of VuFind (Solr also underlies several of the current commercial offerings, including Serials Solutions' Summon and ExLibris' Primo).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/seaman" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 tooled up graham seaman google minnesota state colleges and universities national library of australia royal holloway serials solutions university of london villanova university western michigan university worldcat ajax api archives authentication cataloguing data database ejournal free software identifier institutional repository library catalogs library management systems lucene marc metadata mysql national library oai-pmh opac open source openurl php repositories resource discovery restful ruby search technology sfx software solr standards usability vufind wiki Fri, 09 Mar 2012 14:06:59 +0000 lisrw 2226 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Image 'Quotation' Using the C.I.T.E. Architecture http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author1">Christopher Blackwell</a> and <a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author2">Amy Hackney Blackwell</a> describe with examples a digital library infrastructure that affords canonical citation for 'quoting' images, useful for creating commentaries, arguments, and teaching tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Quotation is the heart of scholarly argument and teaching, the activity of bringing insight to something complex by focused discussion of its parts. Philosophers who have reflected on the question of quotation have identified two necessary components: a name, pointer, or citation on the one hand and a reproduction or repetition on the other. Robert Sokolowski calls quotation a 'curious conjunction of being able to name and to contain' [<a href="#1">1</a>]; V.A. Howard is more succinct: quotation is 'replication-plus-reference' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. We are less interested in the metaphysical aspects of quotation than in the practical ones.</p> <p>The tools and techniques described here were supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. 0916148 &amp; No. 0916421. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).</p> <h2 id="Quotation">Quotation</h2> <p>Quotation, when accompanied by citation, allows us to bring the reader's attention to bear on a particular part of a larger whole efficiently and without losing the surrounding context. A work of Biblical exegesis, for example, can quote or merely cite 'Genesis 1:29' without having to reproduce the entire Hebrew Bible, or even the Book of Genesis; a reader can resolve that citation to a particular passage about the creation of plants, and can see that passage as a discrete node at the bottom of a narrowing hierarchy: Hebrew Bible, Genesis, Chapter 1, Verse 29. We take this for granted.</p> <p>Quoting a text is easy. But how can we quote an image? This remains difficult even in the 21st century where it is easy to reproduce digital images, pass them around through networks, and manipulate them on our desks.</p> <p>A scholar wishing to refer to a particular part of an image will generally do something like this: She will open one version of an image in some editing software, select and 'cut' a section from it, and 'paste' that section into a document containing the text of her commentary or argument. She might add to the text of her argument a reference to the source of the image. The language that describes this process is that of mechanical work&nbsp;– cutting and pasting&nbsp;– rather than the language of quotation and citation. The process yields a fragment of an image with only a tenuous connection to the ontological hierarchy of the object of study. The same scholar who would never give a citation to '<em>The Bible</em>, page 12' rather than to 'Genesis 1:29' will, of necessity, cite an image-fragment in a way similarly unlikely to help readers find the source and locate the fragment in its natural context.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 feature article amy hackney blackwell christopher blackwell clemson university furman university google harvard university national academy of sciences national science foundation university of virginia gnu homer multitext archives browser creative commons css data digital library doi dublin core firefox free software html identifier infrastructure java licence metadata namespace openoffice research safari schema software standards stylesheet tei thesaurus url urn vocabularies web browser xhtml xml xsl xslt zip Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1620 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: Xerxes at Royal Holloway, University of London http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author1">Anna Grigson</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author2">Peter Kiely</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author3">Graham Seaman</a> and <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author4">Tim Wales</a> describe the implementation of an open source front end to the MetaLib federated search tool.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><p>Rarely is software a purely technical issue, though it may be marketed as 'technology'. Software is embedded in work, and work patterns become moulded around it. Thus the use of a particular package can give rise to an inertia from which it can be hard to break free.</p> <p>Moreover, when this natural inertia is combined with data formats that are opaque or unique to a particular system, the organisation can become locked in to that system, a potential victim of the pricing policies or sluggish adaptability of the software provider. The speed of change in the information world in recent years, combined with the actual or expected crunch in library funding, has made this a particular issue for library management system (LMS) users. While there is general agreement on the direction to take - more 'like Google' - LMS suppliers' moves in this direction can prove both slow and expensive for the user.</p> <p>Open source software has often been suggested as an alternative, but the nature of lock-in means that the jump from proprietary to open system can be all or nothing; in effect too big (and complex) a risk to take. No major UK university libraries have yet moved to Koha, Evergreen, or indeed any open source LMS [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p>The alternative, which brings its own risks, is to take advantage of the pressures on LMS suppliers to make their own systems more open, and to use open source systems 'around the edges' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. This has the particular benefit of creating an overall system which follows the well-established design practice of creating a clean separation of 'view' (typically the Web interface) from 'model' (here the LMS-managed databases) and 'controller' (the LMS core code). The 'view' is key to the user experience of the system, and this separation gives the ability to make rapid changes or to integrate Web 2.0 features quickly and easily, independently of the system back-end. The disadvantage of this approach is that it is relatively fragile, being dependent on the willingness of the LMS supplier to provide a detailed and stable application programming interface (API).</p> <p>There are several current examples of this alternative approach. Some, like the Vufind OPAC, allow the use of plug-ins which adapt the software to a range of different LMSs. Others, like Xerxes, are specialised front-ends to a single system (MetaLib from ExLibris [<a href="#3">3</a>]). This has an impact on evaluating the software: in particular, the pool of active developers is likely to be smaller in the latter case.</p> <h2 id="Royal_Holloway_Library_Services">Royal Holloway Library Services</h2> <p>Within this general context, Royal Holloway Library Services were faced with a specific problem. The annual National Student Survey had given ratings to the Library well below those expected, with many criticisms centred on the difficulty in using the Library's MetaLib federated search system.</p> <p>MetaLib is a key access point to the Library's e-resources, incorporating both A-Z lists of major online databases available to library users, and a federated search tool. Feedback showed that many users found the interface less than satisfactory, with one user commenting that:</p> <blockquote><p><em>'MetaLib is possibly the worst and most confusing library interface I have ever come across'</em></p></blockquote> <p>The Library Management Team decided to remedy this as a matter of urgency and set a deadline of the start of the 2009 Autumn term. There was no funding available to acquire an alternative discovery system so the challenge was to identify a low-cost, quick-win solution for the existing one. With this work in mind, the incoming Associate Director (E-Strategy) had already recruited two new colleagues over the Summer vacation: a systems officer with Web development experience, the other an experienced e-resources manager.</p> <p>The first possible route to the improvement of MetaLib was modification of the existing MetaLib Web interface. This was technically possible but presented several major difficulties: the underlying ExLibris designs were based on the old HTML 4.0 and pre-dated current stylesheet-based design practice; the methods to adapt the designs were opaque and poorly documented, based on numbered variables with semantics that changed depending on context; and perhaps most importantly, the changes were to be made over the summer months, giving no time for user feedback on the details of the changes to be made.</p> <p>The second possibility was the use of Xerxes [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Xerxes offered the advantage of an interface design which had been user-tested on a range of (US) campuses, partially solving the user feedback issue. It was not, however, entirely cost-free, as ExLibris charges an annual maintenance fee for the MetaLib X-server API on which Xerxes depends.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article anna grigson graham seaman peter kiely tim wales google jisc jisc collections kingston university microsoft royal holloway sconul university of london gnu api authentication data database ebook ejournal free software gpl html interoperability library management systems licence linux mysql opac open source php portal refworks repositories research search technology sfx software solaris standards stylesheet vufind web 2.0 web development web services wiki xml xslt Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1525 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Access to Scientific Knowledge for Sustainable Development: Options for Developing Countries http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/kirsop-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue52/kirsop-et-al#author1">Barbara Kirsop</a>, <a href="/issue52/kirsop-et-al#author2">Leslie Chan</a> and <a href="/issue52/kirsop-et-al#author3">Subbiah Arunachalam</a> consider the impact of donor access and open access to research publications on the sustainable development of science in developing countries.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/kirsop-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue52 feature article barbara kirsop leslie chan subbiah arunachalam eifl elsevier ept fao google jisc microsoft oai sherpa university of southampton wellcome trust agora romeo accessibility archives authentication data data mining database digital archive digital repositories document management e-science framework free software google scholar infrastructure intellectual property interoperability metadata mobile oai-pmh open access open archives initiative passwords repositories research search technology semantic web software standards tagging Sun, 29 Jul 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1327 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Towards Virtualisation: A New Approach in Server Management http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/young-thrower <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/young-thrower#author1">Eddie Young</a> provides an account of trials and implementations carried out here after Matt Thrower gives us the background and benefits of employing virtualisation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/young-thrower" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 feature article eddie young ibm massachusetts institute of technology microsoft ukoln university of cambridge apache blog data fedora commons free software infrastructure knowledge base linux open source operating system research search technology software solaris ssh standards wiki windows Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1312 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="headlines"></a><a name="events1"></a>Technical Advisory Service for Images (TASI) Training Programme</p> <p>Either: Birmingham, Bristol or London, 8 February to 27 April 2007<br /><a href="http://www.tasi.ac.uk/training/">http://www.tasi.ac.uk/training/</a></p> <p>The TASI programme of practical hands-on training includes three brand new workshops:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue50 news and events richard waller british library cerlim cilip google intute jisc london school of economics manchester metropolitan university mla oai royal netherlands academy of arts and sciences simon fraser university stanford university tasi ukoln university college dublin university of bristol university of edinburgh university of london university of manchester university of wales university of york internet archive iwmw jisc information environment accessibility ajax apache application profile archives atom bibliographic data blog cataloguing collection development copyright data data set database digital curation digital repositories digitisation dissemination dublin core electronic theses firefox free software geospatial data gis higher education ict infrastructure intellectual property internet explorer interoperability licence lucene marc metadata multimedia namespace oai-pmh ontologies open access open data open source photoshop preservation privacy repositories research rss search technology software standards syndication tagging taxonomy url video web 2.0 web development web services youtube Tue, 30 Jan 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1299 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="events1"></a>Oxford Journals to report on its open access experiments</p> <p>Oxford Journals is to stage a one-day conference to report new results from its open access experiments.</p> <p>Conference details:<br />Monday 5 June<br />10.30-16.30<br />76 Portland Place, London, W1B 1NT</p> <p><strong>Preliminary programme:</strong><br />Martin Richardson and Claire Saxby, Oxford Journals, Oxford University<br />Press Oxford Journals and Open Access</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 news and events richard waller loughborough university oxford university press university college london university of bath university of california berkeley university of oxford yale university iwmw access control bibliographic data content management digital library digital repositories e-science fedora commons framework free software higher education interoperability knowledge management metadata mis mp3 open access open source podcast rdf repositories research rss search technology semantic web software standards tagging web app web development web services xacml xml Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1240 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Building Open Source Communities: 4th OSS Watch Conference http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/oss-watch-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue44/oss-watch-rpt#author1">Sebastian Rahtz</a> and <a href="/issue44/oss-watch-rpt#author2">Randy Metcalfe</a> report on a one-day conference on open source software development communities organised by OSS Watch held in Edinburgh on 4 July 2005.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>When people get together and talk about open source, there are three things that come into the conversation early on. Firstly, they argue about open source licences; secondly, they ask "but is it really <strong>free?</strong>"; and thirdly, they state that "it's all about the community". That last one is definitely worth unpacking further.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/oss-watch-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue44 event report randy metcalfe sebastian rahtz apache software foundation ibm jisc open university oss watch sakai university of edinburgh university of york serving maths agile development apache copyright e-learning firefox free software gpl higher education licence moodle open source operating system software uportal vle Fri, 29 Jul 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1176 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Software Choice: Decision-making in a Mixed Economy http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/metcalfe <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/metcalfe#author1">Randy Metcalfe</a> considers the role of free and open source software in UK Further and Higher Education.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Imagine a world where software is free. For the moment, let's not split hairs about this. In this imagined world software costs virtually nothing to obtain. And you are free to do things with this software - free to study how it works (which means getting access to the underlying code, not just the binaries or executables); free to modify that code to suit your needs and/or improve it; free to re-distribute that modified code. And everyone else is free to obtain, study, modify, and redistribute software as well as you.</p> <p>This is not the world you live in.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/metcalfe" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article randy metcalfe jisc oss watch oxford university computing services university of oxford university of strathclyde gnu apache copyright e-government free software gpl higher education information society infrastructure interoperability licence linux open source operating system research software standards Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1110 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Understanding Open Source and Free Software Licensing http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/fraser-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/fraser-rvw#author1">Mike Fraser</a> asks whether a recent book on open source software licences will help him answer a few questions.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The picture on the cover of <em>Understanding Open Source &amp; Free Software Licensing</em> by Andrew M. St. Laurent is a 19th century engraving of a shootout at a railway in the American West. What early conclusions should we draw from that less than innocent image? Leaving aside men with guns in the Wild West, <em>Understanding Open Source</em> is an in-depth study of software licences commonly used with the release of open source or free (as in speech) software.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/fraser-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 review mike fraser apache software foundation jisc massachusetts institute of technology microsoft oss watch sun microsystems university of oxford gnu aggregation apache license bsd copyright creative commons free software gpl lgpl licence open source operating system qt research software solaris Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1133 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="headlines"></a> <a name="events"></a><a name="news"></a></p> <h3 id="Hyper_Clumps_Mini_Clumps_and_National_Catalogues..."><a name="events0"></a>Hyper Clumps, Mini Clumps and National Catalogues...</h3> <p>The JISC-funded CC-interop Project completed its work during 2004 and now is holding an event to disseminate the key findings of the project. The project built on the work of the successful eLib Phase 3 "Clumps" projects and investigated three broad areas to inform about interoperability between physical and distributed union catalogues. Find out about:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 news and events richard waller ahds austrian national library becta british library edina jisc kings college london manchester metropolitan university mimas mla museum of london tasi the national archives university of edinburgh university of manchester university of oxford cc-interop elib gnu jisc information environment jorum l2l worldcat aggregation algorithm apache archives atom authentication cataloguing collection development copac copyright data database digital library digital preservation digitisation e-learning ebook framework free software further education gnu lesser general public license groovy html ict infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability knowledge base knowledge management learning objects licence linux mac os metadata multimedia mysql namespace national library openurl perl personalisation portal preservation rdf repositories research resource discovery rss rtf search technology software standards streaming tagging url video windows xml xsl z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1098 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Towards a User-Centred Approach to Digital Libraries http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/espoo-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/espoo-rpt#author1">Ken Eason</a> reports on the five themes in the Digilib Conference, Espoo, Finland.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The National Library of Finland led the organisation of this conference to bring together librarians and researchers from around the world to discuss progress with digital libraries. The aims were to explore how users were responding to digital services and to examine how services could be made more 'user-centred'. The conference was attended by 200 delegates from 23 countries.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/espoo-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 event report ken eason british library google jisc loughborough university lund university mimas national library of finland northumbria university university of bristol university of queensland sosig zetoc bibliographic data database digital library ejournal free software information society national library open access open source portal research search technology standards url usability web resources Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1016 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk OSS Inaugural Conference: Open Source Deployment and Development http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/oss-watch-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/oss-watch-rpt#author1">Sebastian Rahtz</a> and <a href="/issue38/oss-watch-rpt#author2">Randy Metcalfe</a> give an overview of the first conference of the Open Source Advisory Service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.oss-watch.ac.uk/">OSS Watch</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a pilot advisory service set up by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) to provide UK higher and further education with neutral and authoritative guidance about free and open source software and related standards.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/oss-watch-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 event report randy metcalfe sebastian rahtz andrew w mellon foundation ibm jisc microsoft oss watch oxford university computing services ukoln university of bristol university of oxford jisc information environment browser data framework free software further education intellectual property interoperability java licence linux open source operating system portal research resource discovery software uportal video vle web browser windows xml Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1018 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DAEDALUS: Initial Experiences With EPrints and DSpace at the University of Glasgow http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/nixon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/nixon#author1">William Nixon</a> provides an overview of the DAEDALUS initial experience with the GNU EPrints and DSpace software and the decision to employ both.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.lib.gla.ac.uk/daedalus/index.html ">DAEDALUS</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a three-year JISC-funded project under the <a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_fair">FAIR</a> Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>] which will build a network of open access digital collections at the University of Glasgow. These collections will enable us to unlock access to a wide range of our institutional scholarly output. This output includes not only published and peer-reviewed papers but also administrative documents, research finding aids, pre-prints and theses.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/nixon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article william nixon digital preservation coalition hewlett-packard jisc lund university massachusetts institute of technology oai sherpa university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus gnu access control apache archives bibliographic data bsd bsd licence copyright data set database digital preservation digital repositories dspace electronic theses eprints free software java licence linux metadata multimedia mysql oai-pmh open access open archives initiative operating system perl preservation programming language repositories research search technology software solaris stylesheet tomcat url xml Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 993 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk EEVL: Search Me! http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/eevl <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/eevl#author1">Roddy MacLeod</a> supplies guidance on the large range of available EEVL search options.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Background">Background</h3> <p><a href="http://www.eevl.ac.uk/">EEVL</a> is the Internet guide for engineering, mathematics and computing. It is an award-winning free service, which provides quick and reliable access to the best engineering, mathematics, and computing information available on the Internet. It is created and run by a team of information specialists from a number of universities and institutions in the UK, lead by Heriot Watt University.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/eevl" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 regular column roddy macleod heriot-watt university jisc eevl gnu sosig bibliographic data bibliographic database cataloguing database ejournal free software further education graphics licence resource discovery rss search technology url xml z39.50 Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 930 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Open Archiving Opportunities for Developing Countries: Towards Equitable Distribution of Global Knowledge http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/oai-chan <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue30/oai-chan#author1">Leslie Chan</a> and <a href="/issue30/oai-chan#author2">Barbara Kirsop</a> explore some of the implications of using the OAI Protocol.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Although the World Wide Web is less than a decade old, it already has had a profound impact on scientific publishing and scholarly communication. In particular, open standards and low-cost networking tools are opening many possibilities for reducing and even eliminating entirely the cost barriers to scientific publications. (1)</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/oai-chan" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue30 feature article barbara kirsop leslie chan arl association of research libraries cornell university ept oai university of southampton repec archives copyright data ejournal eprints framework free software ict information society infrastructure interoperability knowledge base metadata open access open archives initiative open source repositories research software standards url Fri, 25 Jan 2002 00:00:00 +0000 editor 842 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Managing Electronic Library Services: Current Issues in UK Higher Education Institutions http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/pinfield <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue29/pinfield#author1">Stephen Pinfield</a> surveys some of the key issues associated with delivering electronic library services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Managing the development and delivery of electronic library services is one of the major current challenges for university library and information services. This article provides a brief overview of some of the key issues facing information professionals working in higher education institutions (HEIs). In doing so, it also picks up some of the real-world lessons which have emerged from the eLib (Electronic Libraries) programme now that it has come to a close.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/pinfield" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue29 feature article stephen pinfield british library d-lib magazine jisc oai oclc sconul ukoln university of birmingham university of nottingham agora dner elib heron inspiral jisc information environment justeis nesli archives authentication bath profile bibliographic data cataloguing collection development copyright data data set database digital library digital preservation dublin core ebook ejournal eprints framework free software higher education ict infrastructure library management systems licence managed learning environment marc metadata mysql opac open archives initiative openurl personalisation php portal preservation research resource discovery rslp schema search technology sfx software standards url vle web resources z39.50 Tue, 02 Oct 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 821 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Building on BUILDER http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/builder <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue26/builder#author1">Ian Upton</a> explores the achievements of this Windows NT server based project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Developing_the_Builder_Products:_Infrastructure">Developing the Builder Products:&nbsp;Infrastructure</h3> <p>The project plan detailed a number of different products, or technology demonstrators, that BUILDER would develop as part of its researches into an 'institutional hybrid library'. Initially each of these products was seen as a separate development having a unique set of needs and technological problems to solve. This view soon changed! As we started to look at implementation common strands started to appear.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/builder" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue26 feature article ian upton microsoft talis university of birmingham university of oxford adobe authentication cataloguing data data management data set database free software infrastructure java library management systems linux metadata operating system perl python search technology software sql sql server url web app windows Wed, 10 Jan 2001 00:00:00 +0000 editor 746 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: The Use of Third-Party Web Services http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue23/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue23/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> discusses the use of third-party web services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Background">Background</h2> <p>University web managers are busy people. University departments seem to have never-ending requirements for new services on the institutional web site. But, as we all know, it can be difficult to get the funding to buy expensive software products or extra staff to install and support free software.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue23/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue23 tooled up brian kelly jisc microsoft ukerna ukoln university college london university of bath university of derby university of sheffield w3c dner browser css data data mining data set ejournal free software higher education html hypertext mailbase operating system research search technology software url web services Thu, 23 Mar 2000 00:00:00 +0000 editor 692 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Launching an Electronic Magazine: An Overview of Value-added Features and Services http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/web-magazine <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue18/web-magazine#author1">Bernadette Daly</a> looks at a variety of electronic publications as part of the research phase in the delivery of a new Web magazine.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="UKOLN-page-body"> <p>As a partner in the Exploit Project, funded under the EU Telematics for Libraries program, UKOLN will be delivering the first issue of<i> 'Exploit Interactive' </i>early in the new year.</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/web-magazine" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue18 feature article bernadette daly d-lib magazine microsoft mpeg ukoln university of bath university of essex w3c elib archives browser content management cookie data database digital library dublin core free software ftp graphics higher education html java metadata personalisation portal privacy quicktime research search technology sesame software standards video web browser Sat, 19 Dec 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 558 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Digital Library Showcase and Support Service - the Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/sunsite <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue10/sunsite#author1">Roy Tennant</a> describes a resource used to create digital libraries and services, and to help others do the same.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Few topics in librarianship seem as "hot" these days as digital libraries, and yet for all the heat being generated there is little light. What are digital libraries? How are they built? How are they maintained and preserved? How will they be funded? These questions and more abound, while answers are few and far between. We don't have all the answers, but we're a great place to start looking for them. We are the Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE <a name="note1"></a><a href="#ref1">[1]</a>, and this article is about who we are and how we may be able to help you.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/sunsite" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue10 review roy tennant library of congress oclc sun microsystems university of california berkeley archives bibliographic data cataloguing copyright digital library dublin core ead file format free software gopher html identifier infrastructure intellectual property metadata plain text preservation repositories research search technology sgml software standards Fri, 18 Jul 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 359 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Reaching the OPAC: Java Telnet http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/java-telnet <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue8/java-telnet#author1">Bill Drew</a> writes about accessing his library's OPAC within a web page using Java Telnet. He looks at the need, implementation, problems, and opportunities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Many remote users of our library catalog <a href="#REF1">[1]</a> have difficulty accessing it via telnet or dial-up for several reasons. It is available via telnet through a URL on our homepage <a href="#REF2">[2]</a>. Some problems using the OPAC include:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/java-telnet" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue8 feature article bill drew birkbeck college morrisville state college university of london gnu browser cataloguing free software html internet explorer java javascript licence named entity recognition opac research search technology software telnet url windows z39.50 zip Wed, 19 Mar 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 267 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk WoPEc: Electronic Working Papers in Economics Services http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/wopec <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue8/wopec#author1">Thomas Krichel</a> describes WoPEc, a working papers project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/wopec" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue8 project update thomas krichel university of surrey elib archives bibliographic data database free software ftp metadata research search technology software Wed, 19 Mar 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 278 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Intranets http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue6/intranets <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue6/intranets#author1">Jon Knight</a> investigates what is meant by the current buzzword intranet and looks at how it may be applied in a library environment. A suggestion for a low cost entry level intranet solution is also given.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>If you open a computer magazine today, the chances are you will be confronted by articles and advertisements discussing how to set up a corporate <em>intranet</em>. The term intranet seems to have sprung up as if by magic in the last year or so and now many products are "intranet ready" or "intranet enabled". But what exactly is an intranet and should libraries be making use of them?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue6/intranets" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue6 tooled up jon knight loughborough university apache archives browser cd-rom copyright data database dissemination free software html intranet licence linux opac operating system passwords perl scripting language software web browser Tue, 19 Nov 1996 00:00:00 +0000 editor 212 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Putting the UK on the Map http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/wolverhampton <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue5/wolverhampton#author1">Peter Burden</a> of the University of Wolverhampton's School of Computing and Information Technology describes the history behind his clickable maps of the UK, an essential and well established (though unfunded) resource for quickly locating academic and research Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Many of you are probably familiar with the WWW active maps of UK academic resources operated by the University of Wolverhampton's School of Computing and Information Technology. If you're not point your WWW browser at <a href="http://www.scit.wlv.ac.uk/ukinfo/uk.map.html"> http://www.scit.wlv.ac.uk/ukinfo/uk.map.html</a> before going any further. I thought it might be of interest to Ariadne readers to hear how and why these maps were created.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/wolverhampton" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue5 project update peter burden imperial college london ncsa ukoln university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of manchester university of oxford university of wolverhampton archives browser copyright data database dewey decimal dns free software ftp gif gopher graphics research software standards windows Wed, 18 Sep 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 145 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk AC/DC http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/acdc <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue3/acdc#author1">Dave Beckett</a> and <a href="/issue3/acdc#author2">Neil Smith</a> explain a search engine that only indexes sites in the .ac.uk domain.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="WWW_Crawlers_-_Why_A_New_One_">WWW Crawlers - Why A New One?&nbsp;</h2> <p>All the major WWW crawling programs such as <a href="http://www.altavista.digital.com">Alta Vista</a> (Digital), <a href="http://www.infoseek.com">InfoSeek</a>, <a href="http://www.lycos.com">Lycos</a>, <a href="http://www.webcrawler.com">Webcrawler</a>, <a href="http://www.excite.com/">Excite</a> etc. are based in the USA and collect their pages across the transatlantic link. There are two problems with the USA based services:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/acdc" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue3 feature article dave beckett neil smith jisc university of kent w3c gnu apache archives cache data database dns dublin core free software ftp gopher higher education research search technology software standards url Sat, 18 May 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 72 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk