Overview of content related to 'gnu' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/113/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Moving Ariadne: Migrating and Enriching Content with Drupal http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/bunting#author1">Thom Bunting</a> explains some of the technology behind the migration of <em>Ariadne</em> (including more than 1600 articles from its back issues archive) onto a Drupal content management platform.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Tools and strategies for content management are a perennial topic in <em>Ariadne. </em> With&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=" title="Link to overview of articles including references to 'content management'">more than one hundred articles</a>&nbsp;touching on content management system (CMS) technologies or techniques since this online magazine commenced publication in 1996,&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;attests to continuing interest in this topic. Authors have discussed this topic within various contexts, from&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=intranet&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to articles discussing 'content management', within 'intranet' context">intranets</a> to&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/repositories?article-type=&amp;term=content+management&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles referring to 'content management', within 'repositories' context">repositories</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=web+2.0&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles discussing 'content management', within context of Web 2.0">Web 2.0</a>, &nbsp;with some notable&nbsp;<a href="/sites/all/datacharts/hc/72-chart-wp.html#timeline" title="Link to timeline: articles referring to 'content management'">surges in references to 'content management' between 2000 and 2005</a>&nbsp;(see Figure 1 below). &nbsp;Although levels of discussion are by no means trending, over recent years it is clear that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> authors have taken note of and written about content management tools and techniques on a regular basis.&nbsp;</p> <p>In the light of this long-established interest, it is noteworthy that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> itself migrated into a content management system only recently. Although the formatting of its articles did change a few times since 1996, <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;remained 'hand-coded' for more than fifteen years. &nbsp;None of its articles had been migrated into a database-driven content management system until March 2012, when&nbsp;<a href="/issue68" title="Link to table of contents for Ariadne issue 68">issue 68</a>&nbsp;was published.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>As mentioned in the&nbsp;<a href="/issue68/editorial1" title="Editorial introduction: Welcome to New Ariadne">editorial introduction</a>&nbsp;to that first issue, launching the new content management arrangements, and as discussed in some more detail below (see 'Technical challenges in content migration'), the considerable size of&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>'s archive of back issues was daunting. &nbsp;With <a href="/articles" title="Overview of more than 1600 articles in Ariadne">more than 1600 articles</a>&nbsp;in hand-coded 'flat'-html formats,&nbsp;the process of migration itself required careful planning to result in a seamless, graceful transition into an entirely new content management arrangement. &nbsp;Over time, the sheer size of the <em>Ariadne</em> corpus had made it both increasingly rich in content and increasingly more challenging to convert retrospectively into a database-driven CMS as the total number of articles published within this online magazine steadily expanded.&nbsp;</p> <p>In looking back over the recent process of migrating <em>Ariadne</em> onto a CMS platform, this article discusses some tools and techniques used to prepare content for transfer, testing, and then re-launch. &nbsp;After explaining some of the background to and objectives of this work, this article focuses on key features of content management supported by Drupal.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue69-bunting/content%20management-timeline.png" style="height: 453px; width: 500px; " title="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" /></p> <p style="text-align: center; "><strong>Figure 1: Ariadne timeline of references to content management</strong></p> <h2 id="Requirements_Analysis:_Planning_the_Way_Forward">Requirements Analysis: Planning the Way Forward</h2> <p>Based on surveys of readers and authors conducted in late 2010, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team analysed the range of feedback, drew up sets of re-development requirements, and then considered the options available.</p> <p>The following table provides an overview of key findings regarding the range of enhanced functionality and features considered:</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Overview of findings derived from survey responses</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>enhanced functionality or feature</em></td> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>interest recorded in surveys</em></td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by keywords</td> <td>73.4% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>updated look and feel</td> <td>62.3% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by title</td> <td>50.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>enhanced use of search engine</td> <td>48.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved display for portable devices</td> <td>34.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>more summative information on articles</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved navigability from article level</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved social media options</td> <td>29.5% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by author</td> <td>28.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved RSS feeds</td> <td>27.0% of respondents</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>In addition to these findings derived from surveys, the management team also recognised the need for some other functionalities to support monitoring of <em>Ariadne</em>'s on-going engagement with various domains and institutions across the UK and beyond.</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Additional features to support monitoring of engagement</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; ">identification of author domains (higher education, further education, research, commercial, etc)</td> <td style="text-align: left; ">to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach across various sectors</td> </tr> <tr> <td>identification of authors by organisation</td> <td>to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach in UK and worldwide</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>Taking into account the key findings derived from survey questions as well as the additional functionality identified as useful in monitoring UK and worldwide engagement, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team drew up sets of re-development requirements and considered how to proceed.&nbsp;Migration into a content management system represented the obvious way forward, as it became clear that <em>Ariadne</em>'s&nbsp;previous tradition of 'hand-coded' production (dating from the early days of the Web) had little chance of coping gracefully with the new sets of requirements.</p> <p>In a review of CMS options available, it also became clear that&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drupal" title="Wikipedia article: Drupal">Drupal</a>&nbsp;[<a href="#1">1</a>] was well positioned as a content management system (or, emphasising its highly modular and extensible design, <em>content management framework </em>&nbsp;[<a href="#2">2</a>] ) to supply required functionality and features.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up thom bunting ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath datagovuk gnu wikipedia apache api archives bibliographic data content licence content management css data data set database drupal framework further education graphics higher education html identifier jquery json licence linux metadata mysql open source perl php preservation python rdf repositories research rss search technology software sql server sqlite standards taxonomy usability video visualisation web 2.0 xml Fri, 27 Jul 2012 16:47:36 +0000 lisrw 2348 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Redeveloping the Loughborough Online Reading List System http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/knight-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author1">Jon Knight</a>, <a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author2">Jason Cooper</a> and <a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author3">Gary Brewerton</a> describe the redevelopment of Loughborough University’s open source reading list system.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Loughborough Online Reading Lists System (LORLS) [<a href="#1">1</a>] has been developed at Loughborough University since the late 1990s.&nbsp; LORLS was originally implemented at the request of the University’s Learning and Teaching Committee simply to make reading lists available online to students.&nbsp; The Library staff immediately saw the benefit of such a system in not only allowing students ready access to academics’ reading lists but also in having such access themselves. This was because a significant number of academics were bypassing the library when generating and distributing lists to their students who were then in turn surprised when the library did not have the recommended books either in stock or in sufficient numbers to meet demand.</p> <p>The first version of the system produced by the Library Systems Team was part of a project that also had a ‘reading lists amnesty’ in which academics were encouraged to provide their reading lists to the library which then employed some temporary staff over the summer to enter them into the new system.&nbsp; This meant that the first version of LORLS went live in July 2000 with a reasonable percentage of lists already in place.&nbsp; Subsequently the creation and editing of reading lists was made the responsibility of the academics or departmental admin staff, with some assistance from library staff.</p> <p>LORLS was written in Perl, with a MySQL database back-end.&nbsp; Most user interfaces were delivered via the web, with a limited number of back-end scripts that helped the systems staff maintain the system and alert library staff to changes that had been made to reading lists.</p> <p>Soon after the first version of LORLS went live at Loughborough, a number of other universities expressed an interest in using or modifying the system. Permission was granted by the University to release it as open source under the General Public Licence (GPL)[<a href="#2">2</a>].&nbsp; New versions were released as the system was developed and bugs were fixed. The last version of the original LORLS code base/data design was version 5, which was downloaded by sites worldwide.</p> <h2 id="Redesign">Redesign</h2> <p>By early 2007 it was decided to take a step back and see if there were things that could be done better in LORLS.&nbsp; Some design decisions made in 1999 no longer made sense eight years later.&nbsp; Indeed some of the database design was predicated on how teaching modules were supposed to work at Loughborough and it had already become clear that the reality of how they were deployed was often quite different.&nbsp; For example, during the original design, the principle was that each module would have a single reading list associated with it.&nbsp; Within a few years several modules had been found that were being taught by two (or more!) academics, all wanting their own independent reading list.</p> <p>Some of the structuring of the data in the MySQL database began to limit how the system could be developed.&nbsp; The University began to plan an organisational restructuring shortly after the redesign of LORLS was commenced, and it was clear that the simple departmental structure was likely to be replaced by a more fluid school and department mix.</p> <p>Library staff were also beginning to request new features that were thus increasingly awkward to implement.&nbsp; Rather than leap through hoops to satisfy them within the framework of the existing system, it made sense to add them into the design process for a full redesign.</p> <p>It was also felt that the pure CGI-driven user interface could do with a revamp.&nbsp; The earlier LORLS user interfaces used only basic HTML forms, with little in the way of client-side scripting.&nbsp; Whilst that meant that they tended to work on any web browser and were pretty accessible, they were also a bit clunky compared to some of the newer dynamic web sites.</p> <p>A distinct separation of the user interface from the back-end database was decided upon to improve localization and portability of the system as earlier versions of LORLS had already shown that many sites took the base code and then customised the user interface parts of the CGI scripts to their own look and feel.&nbsp; The older CGI scripts were a mix of user interaction elements and database access and processing, which made this task a bit more difficult than it really needed to be.</p> <p>Separating the database code from the user interface code would let people easily tinker with one without unduly affecting the other.&nbsp; It would also allow local experimentation with multiple user-interface designs for different user communities or devices.</p> <p>This implied that a set of application programming interfaces (APIs) would need to be defined. As asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX)[<a href="#3">3</a>] interactions had been successful applied in a number of recent projects the team had worked on, XML was chosen as the format to be used.&nbsp; At first simple object access protocol (SOAP) style XML requests was experimented with, as well as XML responses, but it was soon realised that SOAP was far too heavy-weight for most of the API calls, so a lighter ‘RESTful’ API was selected.&nbsp; The API was formed of CGI scripts that took normal parameters as input and returned XML documents for the client to parse and display.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/knight-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up gary brewerton jason cooper jon knight google harvard university loughborough university microsoft gnu access control ajax api archives authentication bibliographic data blog cache chrome cookie data database digital library e-learning framework google books gpl html javascript jquery json library management systems licence metadata moodle mysql open source perl refworks restful schema shibboleth soap software sql standards web browser xml z39.50 zip Sat, 28 Jul 2012 14:32:55 +0000 lisrw 2354 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Image 'Quotation' Using the C.I.T.E. Architecture http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author1">Christopher Blackwell</a> and <a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author2">Amy Hackney Blackwell</a> describe with examples a digital library infrastructure that affords canonical citation for 'quoting' images, useful for creating commentaries, arguments, and teaching tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Quotation is the heart of scholarly argument and teaching, the activity of bringing insight to something complex by focused discussion of its parts. Philosophers who have reflected on the question of quotation have identified two necessary components: a name, pointer, or citation on the one hand and a reproduction or repetition on the other. Robert Sokolowski calls quotation a 'curious conjunction of being able to name and to contain' [<a href="#1">1</a>]; V.A. Howard is more succinct: quotation is 'replication-plus-reference' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. We are less interested in the metaphysical aspects of quotation than in the practical ones.</p> <p>The tools and techniques described here were supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. 0916148 &amp; No. 0916421. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).</p> <h2 id="Quotation">Quotation</h2> <p>Quotation, when accompanied by citation, allows us to bring the reader's attention to bear on a particular part of a larger whole efficiently and without losing the surrounding context. A work of Biblical exegesis, for example, can quote or merely cite 'Genesis 1:29' without having to reproduce the entire Hebrew Bible, or even the Book of Genesis; a reader can resolve that citation to a particular passage about the creation of plants, and can see that passage as a discrete node at the bottom of a narrowing hierarchy: Hebrew Bible, Genesis, Chapter 1, Verse 29. We take this for granted.</p> <p>Quoting a text is easy. But how can we quote an image? This remains difficult even in the 21st century where it is easy to reproduce digital images, pass them around through networks, and manipulate them on our desks.</p> <p>A scholar wishing to refer to a particular part of an image will generally do something like this: She will open one version of an image in some editing software, select and 'cut' a section from it, and 'paste' that section into a document containing the text of her commentary or argument. She might add to the text of her argument a reference to the source of the image. The language that describes this process is that of mechanical work&nbsp;– cutting and pasting&nbsp;– rather than the language of quotation and citation. The process yields a fragment of an image with only a tenuous connection to the ontological hierarchy of the object of study. The same scholar who would never give a citation to '<em>The Bible</em>, page 12' rather than to 'Genesis 1:29' will, of necessity, cite an image-fragment in a way similarly unlikely to help readers find the source and locate the fragment in its natural context.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 feature article amy hackney blackwell christopher blackwell clemson university furman university google harvard university national academy of sciences national science foundation university of virginia gnu homer multitext archives browser creative commons css data digital library doi dublin core firefox free software html identifier infrastructure java licence metadata namespace openoffice research safari schema software standards stylesheet tei thesaurus url urn vocabularies web browser xhtml xml xsl xslt zip Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1620 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Towards a Toolkit for Implementing Application Profiles http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/chaudhri-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author1">Talat Chaudhri</a>, <a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author2">Julian Cheal</a>, <a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author3">Richard Jones</a>, <a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author4">Mahendra Mahey</a> and <a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author5">Emma Tonkin</a> propose a user-driven methodology for the iterative development, testing and implementation of Dublin Core Application Profiles in diverse repository software environments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/chaudhri-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article emma tonkin julian cheal mahendra mahey richard jones talat chaudhri cetis jisc oai ukoln university of bath geospatial application profile gnu iemsr images application profile jisc information environment lmap opendoar tbmap wikipedia application profile archives blog cerif data data model database dcap dcmi digital repositories domain model dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-government eprints fedora commons framework frbr geospatial data gis higher education identifier information architecture institutional repository interoperability metadata metadata model oai-ore open access open archives initiative open source rdf repositories research resource description ruby schema scholarly works application profile search technology software standards sword protocol uri usability virtual research environment vocabularies xml Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1522 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: Xerxes at Royal Holloway, University of London http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author1">Anna Grigson</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author2">Peter Kiely</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author3">Graham Seaman</a> and <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author4">Tim Wales</a> describe the implementation of an open source front end to the MetaLib federated search tool.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><p>Rarely is software a purely technical issue, though it may be marketed as 'technology'. Software is embedded in work, and work patterns become moulded around it. Thus the use of a particular package can give rise to an inertia from which it can be hard to break free.</p> <p>Moreover, when this natural inertia is combined with data formats that are opaque or unique to a particular system, the organisation can become locked in to that system, a potential victim of the pricing policies or sluggish adaptability of the software provider. The speed of change in the information world in recent years, combined with the actual or expected crunch in library funding, has made this a particular issue for library management system (LMS) users. While there is general agreement on the direction to take - more 'like Google' - LMS suppliers' moves in this direction can prove both slow and expensive for the user.</p> <p>Open source software has often been suggested as an alternative, but the nature of lock-in means that the jump from proprietary to open system can be all or nothing; in effect too big (and complex) a risk to take. No major UK university libraries have yet moved to Koha, Evergreen, or indeed any open source LMS [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p>The alternative, which brings its own risks, is to take advantage of the pressures on LMS suppliers to make their own systems more open, and to use open source systems 'around the edges' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. This has the particular benefit of creating an overall system which follows the well-established design practice of creating a clean separation of 'view' (typically the Web interface) from 'model' (here the LMS-managed databases) and 'controller' (the LMS core code). The 'view' is key to the user experience of the system, and this separation gives the ability to make rapid changes or to integrate Web 2.0 features quickly and easily, independently of the system back-end. The disadvantage of this approach is that it is relatively fragile, being dependent on the willingness of the LMS supplier to provide a detailed and stable application programming interface (API).</p> <p>There are several current examples of this alternative approach. Some, like the Vufind OPAC, allow the use of plug-ins which adapt the software to a range of different LMSs. Others, like Xerxes, are specialised front-ends to a single system (MetaLib from ExLibris [<a href="#3">3</a>]). This has an impact on evaluating the software: in particular, the pool of active developers is likely to be smaller in the latter case.</p> <h2 id="Royal_Holloway_Library_Services">Royal Holloway Library Services</h2> <p>Within this general context, Royal Holloway Library Services were faced with a specific problem. The annual National Student Survey had given ratings to the Library well below those expected, with many criticisms centred on the difficulty in using the Library's MetaLib federated search system.</p> <p>MetaLib is a key access point to the Library's e-resources, incorporating both A-Z lists of major online databases available to library users, and a federated search tool. Feedback showed that many users found the interface less than satisfactory, with one user commenting that:</p> <blockquote><p><em>'MetaLib is possibly the worst and most confusing library interface I have ever come across'</em></p></blockquote> <p>The Library Management Team decided to remedy this as a matter of urgency and set a deadline of the start of the 2009 Autumn term. There was no funding available to acquire an alternative discovery system so the challenge was to identify a low-cost, quick-win solution for the existing one. With this work in mind, the incoming Associate Director (E-Strategy) had already recruited two new colleagues over the Summer vacation: a systems officer with Web development experience, the other an experienced e-resources manager.</p> <p>The first possible route to the improvement of MetaLib was modification of the existing MetaLib Web interface. This was technically possible but presented several major difficulties: the underlying ExLibris designs were based on the old HTML 4.0 and pre-dated current stylesheet-based design practice; the methods to adapt the designs were opaque and poorly documented, based on numbered variables with semantics that changed depending on context; and perhaps most importantly, the changes were to be made over the summer months, giving no time for user feedback on the details of the changes to be made.</p> <p>The second possibility was the use of Xerxes [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Xerxes offered the advantage of an interface design which had been user-tested on a range of (US) campuses, partially solving the user feedback issue. It was not, however, entirely cost-free, as ExLibris charges an annual maintenance fee for the MetaLib X-server API on which Xerxes depends.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article anna grigson graham seaman peter kiely tim wales google jisc jisc collections kingston university microsoft royal holloway sconul university of london gnu api authentication data database ebook ejournal free software gpl html interoperability library management systems licence linux mysql opac open source php portal refworks repositories research search technology sfx software solaris standards stylesheet vufind web 2.0 web development web services wiki xml xslt Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1525 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Three Perspectives on the Evolving Infrastructure of Institutional Research Repositories in Europe http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/vernooy-gerritsen-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/vernooy-gerritsen-et-al#author1">Marjan Vernooy-Gerritsen</a>, <a href="/issue59/vernooy-gerritsen-et-al#author2">Gera Pronk</a> and <a href="/issue59/vernooy-gerritsen-et-al#author3">Maurits van der Graaf</a> report on the most significant results from two surveys conducted to provide an overview of repositories with research output in the European Union.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Since 2006, the EU-sponsored DRIVER Project has aimed to build an interoperable, trusted and long-term repository infrastructure. As part of the DRIVER Project, a survey was carried out in order to obtain an overview of repositories with research output in the European Union in 2006 [<a href="#1">1</a>]. This study was updated by an expanded survey in 2008, in which 178 institutional research repositories [<a href="#2">2</a>] from 22 European countries participated. In this article we will present the most important results [<a href="#3">3</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/vernooy-gerritsen-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 feature article gera pronk marjan vernooy-gerritsen maurits van der graaf google loughborough university oai surffoundation gnu opendoar accessibility archives cataloguing copyright data data set digital repositories dspace eprints fedora commons google scholar identifier infrastructure institutional repository interoperability metadata oai-pmh open access persistent identifier personalisation repositories research search technology software url video Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1472 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Visualizing Data http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/cliff-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/cliff-rvw#author1">Pete Cliff</a> considers a new book on data visualisation and hopes one day to implement some of the interesting ideas presented in this work.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I'll be honest - I am no expert in data visualisation. I had not heard of Edward Tufte [<a href="#1">1</a>] before looking at this book and while I thought I had an idea about the topic, the book suggested to me I did not. Perhaps this makes me unable to judge the value of its content; but I prefer to think this means I can come at the work as a member of the target audience:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/cliff-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 review pete cliff amazon oreilly ukoln university of bath gnu bibliographic data computer programming data data set data visualisation database flash graphics html java javascript json licence mysql open source photoshop programming language research software svg vector graphics visualisation xml Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1421 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DRIVER: Seven Items on a European Agenda for Digital Repositories http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/vandergraf <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue52/vandergraf#author1">Maurits van der Graaf</a> provides results and conclusions from the DRIVER inventory study.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/vandergraf" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue52 feature article maurits van der graaf association of research libraries d-lib magazine google oai sherpa surffoundation gnu accessibility copyright data data set digital repositories dspace eprints fedora commons google scholar infrastructure metadata open access portal preservation repositories research search technology software video wiki Sun, 29 Jul 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1325 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Dublin Core Application Profile for Scholarly Works http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/allinson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author2">Pete Johnston</a> and <a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author3">Andy Powell</a> describe a Dublin Core application profile for describing scholarly works that makes use of FRBR and the DCMI Abstract Model.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In May 2006, the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) [<a href="#1">1</a>] approached UKOLN [<a href="#2">2</a>] and the Eduserv Foundation [<a href="#3">3</a>] to collaborate on the development of a metadata specification for describing eprints (alternatively referred to as scholarly works, research papers or scholarly research texts) [<a href="#4">4</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/allinson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue50 feature article andy powell julie allinson pete johnston ansi eduserv ifla intute jisc library of congress niso oai oasis ukoln university of bath w3c eprints uk gnu perx repositories research team aggregation application profile archives bibliographic data copyright data dcmi dissemination dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative eprints fedora commons foaf framework frbr hypertext identifier interoperability licence marc metadata namespace oai-pmh open access open archives initiative openurl rdf relax ng repositories research schema search technology semantic web simple dublin core software uri vocabularies wiki xml xml schema z39.88 Tue, 30 Jan 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1286 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Wiki Or Won't He? A Tale of Public Sector Wikis http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/guy <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/guy#author1">Marieke Guy</a> revisits a topic receiving considerable attention these days and reflects on wiki use by public organisations.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/guy" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 feature article marieke guy bbc cetis google jisc nhs oclc oss watch ukoln university of bath university of manchester university of oxford gnu wikipedia worldcat archives authentication blog cataloguing cloud computing content management copyright data database digital repositories e-learning eportfolio further education interoperability intranet knowledge base licence metadata moodle open access open source podcast preservation repositories research rss search technology social software software standardisation standards syndication tagging url web 2.0 web development wiki wikimania wireless Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1273 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DAEDALUS: Delivering the Glasgow EPrints Service http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/greig-nixon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/greig-nixon#author1">Morag Greig</a> and William Nixon describe the key aims and findings of the DAEDALUS Project and the Glasgow ePrints Service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.gla.ac.uk/daedalus">DAEDALUS</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] was a three-year project (August 2002-July 2005) based at the University of Glasgow and funded by JISC's Focus on Access to Institutional Resources (<a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_fair ">FAIR</a>) Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>]. The project established a number of different services for research material at the University of Glasgow.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/greig-nixon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 feature article morag greig william nixon elsevier google jisc oai university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus gnu archives bibliographic data copyright data database dissemination dspace dublin core ejournal eprints google scholar infrastructure institutional repository java metadata oai-pmh open access open archives initiative open source perl repositories research search technology software solaris Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1189 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk E-Archiving: An Overview of Some Repository Management Software Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Marion Prudlo discusses LOCKSS, EPrints, and DSpace in terms of who uses them, their cost, underlying technology, the required know-how, and functionalities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In recent years initiatives to create software packages for electronic repository management have mushroomed all over the world. Some institutions engage in these activities in order to preserve content that might otherwise be lost, others in order to provide greater access to material that might otherwise be too obscure to be widely used such as grey literature. The open access movement has also been an important factor in this development. Digital initiatives such as pre-print, post-print, and document servers are being created to come up with new ways of publishing.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article mariion prudio d-lib magazine google hewlett-packard massachusetts institute of technology oai queensland university of technology stanford university stm university of pittsburgh university of queensland university of southampton gnu accessibility apache archives bibliographic data cache copyright data data set database digital library digital repositories dspace dublin core ejournal eprints file format gif html identifier java jpg licence linux metadata mysql open access open archives initiative open source openurl operating system perl png preservation preservation metadata rdbms repositories research schema search technology software solaris tomcat url video xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1141 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Software Choice: Decision-making in a Mixed Economy http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/metcalfe <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/metcalfe#author1">Randy Metcalfe</a> considers the role of free and open source software in UK Further and Higher Education.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Imagine a world where software is free. For the moment, let's not split hairs about this. In this imagined world software costs virtually nothing to obtain. And you are free to do things with this software - free to study how it works (which means getting access to the underlying code, not just the binaries or executables); free to modify that code to suit your needs and/or improve it; free to re-distribute that modified code. And everyone else is free to obtain, study, modify, and redistribute software as well as you.</p> <p>This is not the world you live in.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/metcalfe" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article randy metcalfe jisc oss watch oxford university computing services university of oxford university of strathclyde gnu apache copyright e-government free software gpl higher education information society infrastructure interoperability licence linux open source operating system research software standards Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1110 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The National Centre for Text Mining: Aims and Objectives http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/ananiadou <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author1">Sophia Ananiadou</a>, <a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author2">Julia Chruszcz</a>, <a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author3">John Keane</a>, <a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author4">John McNaught</a> and <a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author5">Paul Watry</a> describe NaCTeM's plans to provide text mining services for UK academics.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In this article we describe the role of the National Centre for Text Mining (NaCTeM). NaCTeM is operated by a consortium of three Universities: the University of Manchester which leads the consortium, the University of Liverpool and the University of Salford. The service activity is run by the National Centre for Dataset Services (MIMAS), based within Manchester Computing (MC).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/ananiadou" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article john keane john mcnaught julia chruszcz paul watry sophia ananiadou jisc massachusetts institute of technology mimas nhs university of cambridge university of liverpool university of manchester university of salford university of tokyo gnu algorithm archives bibliographic data cache cataloguing controlled vocabularies crm curation data data mining data set database digital library dissemination framework identifier information retrieval internet explorer knowledge management machine learning medical subject headings metadata named entity recognition national library natural language processing ontologies open access open source portal repositories research search technology semantic web software standards text mining vocabularies web services Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1111 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Understanding Open Source and Free Software Licensing http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/fraser-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/fraser-rvw#author1">Mike Fraser</a> asks whether a recent book on open source software licences will help him answer a few questions.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The picture on the cover of <em>Understanding Open Source &amp; Free Software Licensing</em> by Andrew M. St. Laurent is a 19th century engraving of a shootout at a railway in the American West. What early conclusions should we draw from that less than innocent image? Leaving aside men with guns in the Wild West, <em>Understanding Open Source</em> is an in-depth study of software licences commonly used with the release of open source or free (as in speech) software.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/fraser-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 review mike fraser apache software foundation jisc massachusetts institute of technology microsoft oss watch sun microsystems university of oxford gnu aggregation apache license bsd copyright creative commons free software gpl lgpl licence open source operating system qt research software solaris Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1133 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="headlines"></a> <a name="events"></a><a name="news"></a></p> <h3 id="Hyper_Clumps_Mini_Clumps_and_National_Catalogues..."><a name="events0"></a>Hyper Clumps, Mini Clumps and National Catalogues...</h3> <p>The JISC-funded CC-interop Project completed its work during 2004 and now is holding an event to disseminate the key findings of the project. The project built on the work of the successful eLib Phase 3 "Clumps" projects and investigated three broad areas to inform about interoperability between physical and distributed union catalogues. Find out about:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 news and events richard waller ahds austrian national library becta british library edina jisc kings college london manchester metropolitan university mimas mla museum of london tasi the national archives university of edinburgh university of manchester university of oxford cc-interop elib gnu jisc information environment jorum l2l worldcat aggregation algorithm apache archives atom authentication cataloguing copac copyright data database digital library digital preservation digitisation e-learning ebook framework free software further education gnu lesser general public license groovy html ict infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability knowledge base knowledge management learning objects licence linux mac os metadata multimedia mysql namespace national library openurl perl personalisation portal preservation rdf repositories research resource discovery rss rtf search technology software standards streaming tagging url video windows xml xsl z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1098 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Targeting Academic Research With Southampton's Institutional Repository http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/hey <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/hey#author1">Jessie Hey</a> describes how user needs have influenced the evolutionary development of 'e-Prints Soton' as the University of Southampton Research Repository.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The University of Southampton has been one of the pioneers of open access to academic research, particularly, in the tireless advocacy of Professor Stevan Harnad and in the creation of the <a href="http://software.eprints.org/">EPrints software</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>], as a vehicle for creating open access archives (or repositories) for research. These activities have been supported by a long-standing programme of research into digital libraries, hypermedia, and scholarly communication.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/hey" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 feature article jessie hey arl jisc library association lund university oai university of edinburgh university of southampton ebank uk gnu repec archives bibliographic data bibliographic database cataloguing copyright data database digital library dissemination e-learning e-research eprints framework further education higher education html infrastructure institutional repository metadata mp3 multimedia national library open access open archives initiative open source plain text rae repositories research search technology software standards vocabularies Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1057 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk At the Event: The EPrints UK Workshop http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/eprints-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/eprints-rpt#author1">Phil Cross</a>, <a href="/issue39/eprints-rpt#author2">Debra Hiom</a> and <a href="/issue39/eprints-rpt#author3">Emma Place</a> report on this workshop which was held at the University of Bath in February 2004.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The workshop was aimed at those interested in setting up institutional e-print servers where the outputs of their organisation (journal articles, papers, reports etc) could be published, stored and searched via a central institutional server. The event was fully booked which perhaps indicates that universities, colleges, academics and librarians are increasingly recognising the value of the e-print publishing model.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/eprints-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 event report debra hiom emma place phil cross ilrt jisc sherpa ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of nottingham university of southampton eprints uk gnu sosig apache archives bibliographic data copyright data database dissemination dspace ejournal eprints identifier institutional repository intellectual property java licence metadata mysql open access open archives initiative open source perl preservation provenance rae repositories research resource discovery software standards tomcat Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1039 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Improving the Quality of Metadata in Eprint Archives http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/guy <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/guy#author1">Marieke Guy</a>, <a href="/issue38/guy#author2">Andy Powell</a> and <a href="/issue38/guy#author3">Michael Day</a> address the argument that the quality of service to end-users is markedly influenced by the quality of metadata being produced and provide suggestions.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Throughout the eprints community there is an increasing awareness of the need for improvement in the quality of metadata and in associated quality assurance mechanisms. Some [<a href="#1">1</a>] feel that recent discussion of the cultural and institutional barriers to self-archiving, which have so far limited the proliferation of eprint archives in the UK, have meant that anything that is perceived as a barrier between academics and their parent institutions needs to be played down.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/guy" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article andy powell marieke guy michael day andrew w mellon foundation jisc oai ukoln university of southampton eprints uk gnu subject portals project application profile archives cataloguing collection description controlled vocabularies data digital library dublin core eprints html interoperability learning objects metadata oai-pmh open archives initiative research rslp schema search technology semantic web simple dublin core software usability vocabularies Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1004 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Unicode and Historic Scripts http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/anderson <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/anderson#author1">Deborah Anderson</a> provides us an overview of the progress made in bringing historic scripts to the Unicode Standard.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Many digital versions of texts--whether they be the plays of Aeschylus, or stories from this week's Times--can now be accessed by a worldwide audience, thanks to the Internet and developments in international standards and the computer industry. But while modern newspapers in English and even the Greek plays of Aeschylus can be viewed on the Internet in their original script, reading articles that cite a line of original text in Egyptian hieroglyphs is more problematic, for this script has not yet been included in the international character encoding standard Unicode.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/anderson" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article deborah anderson apple iso university of california berkeley university of chicago gnu accessibility browser character encoding copyright data digital library html internet explorer linux mac os metadata ms word operating system plain text preservation safari software standardisation standards tei unicode url windows xml Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 986 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DAEDALUS: Initial Experiences With EPrints and DSpace at the University of Glasgow http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/nixon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/nixon#author1">William Nixon</a> provides an overview of the DAEDALUS initial experience with the GNU EPrints and DSpace software and the decision to employ both.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.lib.gla.ac.uk/daedalus/index.html ">DAEDALUS</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a three-year JISC-funded project under the <a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_fair">FAIR</a> Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>] which will build a network of open access digital collections at the University of Glasgow. These collections will enable us to unlock access to a wide range of our institutional scholarly output. This output includes not only published and peer-reviewed papers but also administrative documents, research finding aids, pre-prints and theses.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/nixon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article william nixon digital preservation coalition hewlett-packard jisc lund university massachusetts institute of technology oai sherpa university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus gnu access control apache archives bibliographic data bsd bsd licence copyright data set database digital preservation digital repositories dspace electronic theses eprints free software java licence linux metadata multimedia mysql oai-pmh open access open archives initiative operating system perl preservation programming language repositories research search technology software solaris stylesheet tomcat url xml Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 993 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Mandated Online RAE CVs Linked to University Eprint Archives: Enhancing UK Research Impact and Assessment http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/harnad <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue35/harnad#author1">Stevan Harnad</a>, <a href="/issue35/harnad#author2">Les Carr</a>, <a href="/issue35/harnad#author3">Tim Brody</a> and <a href="/issue35/harnad#author4">Charles Oppenheim</a> make a case for maximising the advantages and the UK's pre-eminence in the Research Assessment Exercise.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Being the only country with a national research assessment exercise [<a href="#1">1</a>], the UK is today in a unique position to make a small change that will confer some large benefits.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/harnad" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue35 feature article charles oppenheim les carr stevan harnad tim brody arl british library information today loughborough university gnu romeo accessibility archives copyright data database dissemination eprints higher education licence metadata rae research search technology semantic web software url Tue, 29 Apr 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 947 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DAEDALUS : Freeing Scholarly Communication at the University of Glasgow http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/nixon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/nixon#author1">William J. Nixon</a> presents a brief overview of the DAEDALUS Open Archives Project at the University of Glasgow.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>DAEDALUS [1] is a three year JISC funded project under the FAIR Programme [2] which will build a range of Open Archives Compliant (OAI) digital collections at the University of Glasgow. These collections will enable us to unlock access to a wide range of our institutional scholarly output. This output will include not only published and peer-reviewed papers but also administrative documents, research finding aids, pre-prints and theses. DAEDALUS is also a member of the CURL SHERPA project [3].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/nixon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 feature article william j. nixon jisc loughborough university massachusetts institute of technology oai robert gordon university sherpa university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus gnu romeo theseus archives copyright data digital preservation digital repositories dspace eprints open access open source preservation repositories research search technology software url Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 927 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk EEVL: Search Me! http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/eevl <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/eevl#author1">Roddy MacLeod</a> supplies guidance on the large range of available EEVL search options.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Background">Background</h3> <p><a href="http://www.eevl.ac.uk/">EEVL</a> is the Internet guide for engineering, mathematics and computing. It is an award-winning free service, which provides quick and reliable access to the best engineering, mathematics, and computing information available on the Internet. It is created and run by a team of information specialists from a number of universities and institutions in the UK, lead by Heriot Watt University.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/eevl" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 regular column roddy macleod heriot-watt university jisc eevl gnu sosig bibliographic data bibliographic database cataloguing database ejournal free software further education graphics licence resource discovery rss search technology url xml z39.50 Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 930 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Watch: A Survey of Web Server Software Used by UK University Web Sites http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/web-watch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> with an update of his survey of server software used by central Web sites in UK Universities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>A survey of Web server software used on UK University Web sites was carried out in October 1997 and the findings were reported in <em>Ariadne</em> issue 12 <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>. The survey was repeated in September 2000 and the updated findings published in <em>Ariadne</em> issue 21 <a href="#ref-02">[2]</a>.</p> <p>The survey was repeated in November 2002 and the findings are published in this article.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 tooled up brian kelly apache software foundation birkbeck college birmingham city university central school of speech and drama courtauld institute of art de montfort university edinburgh college of art glasgow school of art goldsmiths college imperial college london kings college london leeds metropolitan university liverpool john moores university london business school london school of economics manchester metropolitan university microsoft ncsa nottingham trent university open university queens university belfast robert gordon university rose bruford college royal academy of music royal agricultural college royal college of art royal college of music royal conservatoire of scotland royal holloway royal northern college of music royal veterinary college royal welsh college of music and drama school of oriental and african studies south bank university surrey institute of art & design ukoln university college london university of bath university of cambridge university of central lancashire university of dundee university of east london university of london university of oxford university of surrey university of the west of england university of wales university of west london gnu apache browser cookie higher education interoperability linux php pics privacy research software url windows Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 932 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The 2nd Workshop on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/geneva <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/geneva#author1">William Nixon</a> and <a href="/issue34/geneva#author2">Pauline Simpson</a> report on the meeting held at CERN, Geneva, in October 2002.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research is the world’s largest particle physics centre. It is located just outside of Geneva on the French-Swiss border. CERN is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web, created by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/geneva" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 event report pauline simpson william nixon california digital library digital preservation coalition elsevier jisc lund university massachusetts institute of technology oai sherpa ukoln university of bath university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus gnu romeo archives copyright data digital archive digital library digital preservation dspace eprints identifier infrastructure interoperability knowledge base metadata oai-pmh open access open archives initiative preservation repositories research search technology software url video Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 933 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk OpenResolver: A Simple OpenURL Resolver http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/resolver <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/resolver#author1">Andy Powell</a> describes UKOLN's OpenResolver, a freely available demonstration OpenURL resolver.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article provides a brief introduction to the deployment and use of the OpenURL [<a href="#1">1</a>] [<a href="#2">2</a>] by walking through a few simple examples using UKOLN's OpenResolver, a demonstration OpenURL resolution service [<a href="#3">3</a>]. The intention is to demonstrate the ability of OpenURL resolvers to provide context-sensitive, extended services based on the metadata embedded in OpenURLs and to describe the construction of simple OpenURL resolver software.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/resolver" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 feature article andy powell alt amazon d-lib magazine google niso ukoln university of bath dner gnu jisc information environment bibliographic data bibliographic database browser cataloguing cookie copac database digital object identifier doi framework ftp gif google search handle system html identifier internet explorer javascript licence metadata opac openurl perl search technology sfx software standardisation url web browser Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 801 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Watch: A Survey Of Web Server Software Used In UK University Web Sites http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue25/web-watch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> A Survey Of Web Server Software Used In UK University Web Sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>What Web server software is used within the UK Higher Education community? What trends are there? How can I find out which institutions are using the same software as mine? Am I running a dated version of the software, compared with the rest of the community? This survey aims to provide answers to these questions by surveying the server software used on the main institutional entry point.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue25 tooled up brian kelly apple bournemouth university central school of speech and drama dartington college of arts de montfort university glasgow caledonian university glasgow school of art goldsmiths college imperial college london kings college london leeds metropolitan university london business school london school of economics manchester metropolitan university microsoft ncsa robert gordon university rose bruford college royal academy of music royal college of art royal college of music royal conservatoire of scotland royal holloway royal northern college of music royal veterinary college school of oriental and african studies sheffield hallam university south bank university surrey institute of art & design ukoln university college london university of bath university of cambridge university of london university of northumbria at newcastle university of oxford university of the west of england university of wales gnu apache bsd higher education linux operating system php software solaris url windows Sat, 23 Sep 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 738 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk WebWatch: UK University Search Engines http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/webwatch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue21/webwatch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> explores the search facilities used by UK university Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the previous issue of Ariadne an analysis of 404 error messages provided on UK University web sites was carried out <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>. In this issue an analysis of indexing software used to provide searches on UK University web sites is given.</p> <p>Although the WebWatch project <a href="#ref-02">[2]</a> has finished, UKOLN will continue to carry out occasional surveys across UK HE web sites and publish reports in Ariadne. This will enable trends to be observed and documented. We hope the reports will be of interest to managers of institutional web sites.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/webwatch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue21 tooled up brian kelly amazon jisc microsoft ucisa ukoln university college london university of arizona university of bath university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of essex university of leeds university of surrey gnu archives ascii copyright database digital library higher education html licence mailbase ms word opac open source research search technology software standards url web resources web services z39.50 Wed, 22 Sep 1999 23:00:00 +0000 editor 646 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Unix Column: 'Sandboxes Using Chroot' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue20/unix <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue20/unix#author1">Ian Peacock</a> explains how the proliferation of network software brings increasing concerns about security, which can be countered by 'restricted perspectives'.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>You've just obtained a new application that will run networked over an Internet. How do you know its secure? How do you know that its code doesn't contain any oversights that may lead to a system compromise? You probably don't, especially if its a large application.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue20/unix" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue20 tooled up ian peacock gnu apache copyright data database ftp linux research url Mon, 21 Jun 1999 23:00:00 +0000 editor 620 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Is Apache? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/what-is <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/what-is#author1">Eddie Young</a> gives the essentials of "Apache", the widely used Unix-based web server software.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Apache is the name of the software that allows you to run a web service on a UNIX server. Apache is very popular and provides access to most web sites on the internet. A recent <a href="http://www.netcraft.co.uk/">Netcraft</a> survey of Web Servers around the world placed Apache Powered sites at over 50 percent of the total. Part of the reason for this maybe that it is freely available, reliable and simple to set up and configure, and it can provide most of the requirements for a web site.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/what-is" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 tooled up eddie young ukoln university of bath gnu apache browser licence linux perl search technology software web browser web services windows Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 594 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Transatlantic Bandwidth: How to Save Money on Your Costs http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/bandwidth <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue18/bandwidth#author1">Sally Hadland</a>, Information Officer at the Higher Education National Software Archive (HENSA), describes how using HENSA can save on transatlantic bandwidth.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/bandwidth" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue18 feature article sally hadland apple jisc microsoft acorn gnu adobe apache archives browser cache data database ftp higher education linux search technology software solaris url windows zip Sat, 19 Dec 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 556 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Reaching the OPAC: Java Telnet http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/java-telnet <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue8/java-telnet#author1">Bill Drew</a> writes about accessing his library's OPAC within a web page using Java Telnet. He looks at the need, implementation, problems, and opportunities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Many remote users of our library catalog <a href="#REF1">[1]</a> have difficulty accessing it via telnet or dial-up for several reasons. It is available via telnet through a URL on our homepage <a href="#REF2">[2]</a>. Some problems using the OPAC include:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/java-telnet" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue8 feature article bill drew birkbeck college morrisville state college university of london gnu browser cataloguing free software html internet explorer java javascript licence named entity recognition opac research search technology software telnet url windows z39.50 zip Wed, 19 Mar 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 267 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk AC/DC http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/acdc <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue3/acdc#author1">Dave Beckett</a> and <a href="/issue3/acdc#author2">Neil Smith</a> explain a search engine that only indexes sites in the .ac.uk domain.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="WWW_Crawlers_-_Why_A_New_One_">WWW Crawlers - Why A New One?&nbsp;</h2> <p>All the major WWW crawling programs such as <a href="http://www.altavista.digital.com">Alta Vista</a> (Digital), <a href="http://www.infoseek.com">InfoSeek</a>, <a href="http://www.lycos.com">Lycos</a>, <a href="http://www.webcrawler.com">Webcrawler</a>, <a href="http://www.excite.com/">Excite</a> etc. are based in the USA and collect their pages across the transatlantic link. There are two problems with the USA based services:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/acdc" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue3 feature article dave beckett neil smith jisc university of kent w3c gnu apache archives cache data database dns dublin core free software ftp gopher higher education research search technology software standards url Sat, 18 May 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 72 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Wire: Dave Beckett, Interviewed http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/wire <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue3/wire#author1">Dave Beckett</a> is subjected to an interview via email.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>What do you do in the world of networking/libraries/WWW</b></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/wire" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue3 regular column dave beckett jisc university of kent w3c gnu sosig archives browser cache cataloguing database dublin core graphics html internet explorer java linux metadata mobile operating system png research resource discovery rtf search technology software standards visualisation windows Sat, 18 May 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 93 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk