Overview of content related to 'information retrieval' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1180/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en LinkedUp: Linking Open Data for Education http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue72/guy-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue72/guy-et-al#author1">Marieke Guy</a>, <a href="/issue72/guy-et-al#author2">Mathieu d’Aquin</a>, <a href="/issue72/guy-et-al#author3">Stefan Dietze</a>, <a href="/issue72/guy-et-al#author4">Hendrik Drachsler</a>, <a href="/issue72/guy-et-al#author5">Eelco Herder</a> and <a href="/issue72/guy-et-al#author6">Elisabetta Parodi</a> describe the activities carried out by the LinkedUp Project looking at the promotion of open data in education.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the past, discussions around Open Education have tended to focus on content and primarily Open Educational Resources (OER), freely accessible, openly licensed resources that are used for teaching, learning, assessment and research purposes. However Open Education is a complex beast made up of many aspects, of which the opening up of data is one important element.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue72/guy-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue72 feature article eelco herder elisabetta parodi hendrik drachsler marieke guy mathieu d’aquin stefan dietze bbc dcc elsevier knowledge media institute mimas open knowledge foundation open university ordnance survey ukoln university of bath university of manchester university of southampton w3c dbpedia europeana linkedup project wikipedia blog cataloguing cloud computing data data management data mining data set data visualisation dissemination facebook framework higher education hypertext ict identifier information retrieval infrastructure interoperability learning analytics learning management system linked data lod mashup metadata mobile mobile learning mooc oer open data open education personalisation portal privacy rdf remote working repositories research search technology semantic web sparql topic map twitter uri usability video visualisation web resources web standards xml Tue, 04 Feb 2014 13:12:30 +0000 editor 2503 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Information Consulting - Guide to good practice http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/white-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/white-rvw#author1">Martin White</a> reviews a book written by three experienced consultants that seeks to support information professionals in setting themselves up as consultants.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I’ve been working in information consultancy for over 35 years and not regretted for a moment my choice of career. It’s taken me to over 30 countries and the opportunity to work with an amazing array of organisations in temperatures ranging from 47C to minus 25C. I’ve had project meetings on the top floor of the United Nations building, on a boat anchored in the harbour at Cannes, a luxury hotel in Oman and in a London convent. I’ve flown on HP’s corporate jet, had lunch with Henry Kissinger and was inside the IMF in Washington on 9/11.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/white-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 review martin white british library intranet focus ltd university of sheffield bibliographic data data e-science file sharing framework information retrieval intranet research search technology Wed, 26 Jun 2013 19:57:38 +0000 lisrw 2453 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Powering Search - The Role of Thesauri in New Information Environments http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/will-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/will-rvw#author1">Leonard Will</a> reviews a comprehensive survey of the literature on the use of thesauri in information search processes and interfaces.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><em>Powering Search</em> is a comprehensive review and synthesis of work that has been done over the past 50 years on the use of thesauri to make searching for information more effective. The book does not discuss the principles and practice of construction of information retrieval thesauri in any detail, but concentrates on the search process and on the user interface through which a searcher interacts with a body of information resources. It is written clearly: each chapter begins and ends with a summary of its content, and the first and last chapters summarise the whole book. There are copious references throughout and a full index.</p> <p>As the author says in his conclusion:</p> <blockquote><p>'This book has taken a new approach to thesauri by critiquing the relevant literatures of a variety of communities who share an interest in thesauri and their functions but who are not, it should be noted, closely collaborating at this time – research communities such as library and information science, information retrieval, knowledge organization, human-computer interaction, information architecture, information search behavior, usability studies, search user interface, metadata-enabled information access, interactive information retrieval, and searcher education.'</p> </blockquote> <p>One consequence of these disparate approaches is that terminology varies across communities: there are many interpretations of the meaning of <em>facet, category, keyword </em>or<em> taxonomy</em>, for example, which the author acknowledges, but he then uses these terms without saying precisely what definition he gives them.</p> <h2 id="Information_Search_Processes">Information Search Processes</h2> <p>Chapters 2 and 3 review studies on how people go about searching for information, leading to the perhaps self-evident conclusion that there are two types of approach. If a specific and well-defined piece of information is sought, people will amend and refine their queries in the light of initial results to get closer to what they seek. On the other hand, if the search requirement is less well defined, a browsing or 'berrypicking' approach is adopted to explore a subject area, picking up and assembling pieces of information and changing the destination as the exploration progresses. Both these approaches use an iterative procedure, within which a thesaurus can serve to make a search more precise, in the first case, or to show the broader context, in the second.</p> <p>Chapter 4 deals with thesauri in Web-based search systems, and gives several examples of thesauri in digital libraries, subject gateways and portals, digital archives and linked data repositories. This is one way of grouping these examples, but it is not clear that there is any distinction in principle between the way thesauri can be used in each of them, or indeed in search interfaces to other types of document collections. The main distinction, which is not fully addressed, is whether the information resources being searched have been indexed with terms from the thesaurus being used, or whether the thesaurus is just a source of possible terms for searching the text, and possibly the metadata, of documents. More weight needs to be given to the statement in the introduction to ISO 25964 -1:</p> <blockquote><p>'If both the indexer and the searcher are guided to choose the same term for the same concept, then relevant documents will be retrieved. This is the main principle underlying thesaurus design ...'</p> </blockquote> <p>In fact the book generally talks about <em>terms</em> rather than the approach taken by the current standards of considering unambiguously defined <em>concepts</em>, with terms just serving as convenient labels for these. Each concept may have many labels by which it can be retrieved, including one chosen as <em>preferred</em> for each language covered by the thesaurus.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/will-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 review leonard will ansi cilip iso niso willpower information accessibility controlled vocabularies dewey decimal digital archive digital library graphics information architecture information retrieval interoperability lcsh linked data metadata repositories research search technology standards taxonomy thesaurus url usability visualisation vocabularies Wed, 26 Jun 2013 18:00:00 +0000 lisrw 2451 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk EMTACL12 (Emerging Technologies in Academic Libraries) http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/emtacl12-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/emtacl12-rpt#author1">Sarah Rayner</a> and <a href="/issue70/emtacl12-rpt#author2">Olivia Walsby</a> report on a three-day conference on Emerging Technologies in Academic Libraries, hosted by NTNU (Norwegian University of Science and Technology) in Trondheim, Norway over 1 - 3 October 2012.</p> </div> </div> </div> <script type="text/javascript">toc_collapse=0;</script><div class="toc" id="toc"> <div class="toc-title">Table of Contents<span class="toc-toggle-message">&nbsp;</span></div> <div class="toc-list"> <ol> <li class="toc-level-1"><a href="#Paint-Yourself-in-the-Corner_Infrastructure">Paint-Yourself-in-the-Corner Infrastructure</a></li> <li class="toc-level-1"><a href="#Think_Different">Think Different</a></li> </ol> </div> </div><p>The three-day conference consisted of eight keynote presentations by invited speakers and a number of parallel sessions. The main themes set out for this year’s conference were supporting research, organisational change within the library, linked open data and other semantic web applications in the library, new literacies, and new services/old services in new clothes, along with other relevant perspectives on emerging technologies.</p> <p>We attended the conference to gain an overview of organisational changes happening across the sector in relation to technological developments and to gather opinion on the relevance of the academic library within a digital society. We also wanted to explore how the future exploitation of new technologies within libraries might have a positive impact on the quality of teaching and learning together with the student experience.</p> <p>This article will summarise a selection of keynote and parallel sessions from across the three days that addressed these issues.</p> <h3 id="October_2012:_Keynotes">1 October 2012: Keynotes</h3> <h2 id="Paint-Yourself-in-the-Corner_Infrastructure">Paint-Yourself-in-the-Corner Infrastructure</h2> <h3 id="Herbert_Van_de_Sompel_Los_Alamos_National_Laboratory_USA">Herbert Van de Sompel, Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA</h3> <p>The opening keynote presented by Herbert Van de Sompel from Los Alamos National Laboratory in the USA raised the issues brought about by changes to scholarly communication. Herbert spoke about an increase in dynamic scholarly records that are continually in flux, interdependent, and Web-based, and with which our current infrastructures are unable to cope. With the publication of interdependent and executable papers, research is now a native Web activity; supporting the re-execution of algorithms and the ability to add data at any time (i.e. <a href="http://topicpages.ploscompbiol.org/wiki/Topic_Pages">PLoS Topic Pages</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] <a href="https://peerj.com/">PeerJ</a> [<a href="#2">2</a>]). Herbert pointed out that, as a consequence, we now need to be able to view the state of a scholarly record at certain moments in time; to track back in time to see where findings have come from, and to trace the workflow, and therein lies a challenge for academic libraries.</p> <p>Herbert explained that at present the archive infrastructure is only able to deal with static, non-fluxing research output, that, when using URIs, you will always come to the current version, not prior versions, and that Web archives are not integrated into the Web. As Herbert went on to point out, the key problem is that the Web was created without motion of time; existing in the ‘perpetual now’.</p> <p>Herbert believes that the challenges we face in this new environment are two-fold: archival approaches need to be changed to use a different infrastructure; and we need to reassess how we reference scholarly assets. We have CMS records, Web archives, and caches, but it would be better to trace the history or timeline of a URI. Therefore, Herbert offered some potential tools and solutions; <a href="http://mementoweb.org/">Memento</a> [<a href="#3">3</a>] (started in 2009) allows you to track back to a past version of an item in the Internet archive, bridging current URIs to old URIs from the Internet archive, using a time gate. <a href="http://mementoweb.github.com/SiteStory/" title="SiteStory">SiteStory</a> [<a href="#4">4</a>] is a tool which allows your Web server to take an active part in its own archiving; every request from a user is pushed back to an archive and stored. Therefore, every time material is accessed, it is archived, thereby providing a true history of an object in the archive.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Herbert Van de Sompel (Photo courtesy of Lukas Koster, University of Amsterdam.)" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue70-emtacl12-rpt/figure1-herbert-van-de-sempel-v3.jpg" style="width: 477px; height: 358px;" title="Herbert Van de Sompel (Photo courtesy of Lukas Koster, University of Amsterdam.)" /></p> <p style="text-align: center; "><strong>Herbert Van de Sompel</strong> <small>(Photo courtesy of Lukas Koster, University of Amsterdam.)</small></p> <p>In conclusion, Herbert suggested that archiving needs to be an ongoing activity, tracing every interaction, including archiving links at the time of publication to ensure that the context and history of an evolving piece of research will never be lost.</p> <h2 id="Think_Different">Think Different</h2> <h3 id="Karen_Coyle_Berkeley_CA_USA">Karen Coyle, Berkeley, CA, USA</h3> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Karen Coyle (Photo courtesy of Lukas Koster, University of Amsterdam.)" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue70-emtacl12-rpt/figure2-karen-coyle-v2.jpg" style="width: 500px; height: 375px;" title="Karen Coyle (Photo courtesy of Lukas Koster, University of Amsterdam.)" /></p> <p style="text-align: center; "><strong>Karen Coyle</strong> <small>(Photo courtesy of Lukas Koster, University of Amsterdam.)</small></p> <p>Karen opened by raising a challenge to the way in which libraries are still holding on to outdated practices, such as the librarian’s obsession with alphabetical order, describing it as essentially only ‘an accident of language’ and questioning its continuing relevance given the now pervasive ability to cross-search. Karen continued on this theme citing bibliographic hierarchies such as Dewey as ‘knowledge prevention systems’ which only serve to lock our users into a set view of what's out there.</p> <p>Karen’s introduction led nicely on to the main themes of her presentation: the current role of the library, the need to move away from the view that getting the book into the user’s hand is the end game, and the need to change our attitudes to bibliographic control and linear order. In effect, ‘the library should no longer be about volume and ownership!’. Karen talked about how we should instead focus on <em>how</em> resources are used and what resources should be used <em>together,</em> to inform how we approach provision in the future. Karen believes that the library must become connected to information on the Web, providing more context for our users and thus allowing greater information discovery. Karen argued that the library’s role is no longer simply to gather items into an inventory but to seek to organise information that until now has been inconveniently packaged. She suggested that we need to change our view, to focus on the information and its context, <em>not</em> the objects or books themselves. Karen noted in particular that currently we present nothing within the context of time, reiterating the theme of time travel covered in Herbert’s presentation. So, how can we do this? Karen proposed that we should be able to interrogate catalogues to provide items with context. She gave examples such as <a href="http://www.worldcat.org/">WorldCat</a> [<a href="#5">5</a>], where you can view timelines on people, what they have published and what has been published about them, giving a relative image of their importance.<br /><br />Karen argued that although linked data could prove to be an answer, or could certainly help, we must nonetheless seek to find a range of solutions and technologies. She warned that the pitfall of having an answer is that it stops you asking questions! Karen talked about how libraries must now recognise that bibliographic data are available everywhere, and that what libraries have that is essential and unique are the details on holdings. She proposed that on searching the Web, part of the rich snippet should include information about what the library holds and whether it's available. The Web should be used to direct readers to their library holdings, as well as making use of data such as location information, already being sourced by search engines. Karen’s concluding remarks were that libraries need to look to this new approach (using tools such as <a href="http://Schema.org" target="_blank">Schema.org</a> [<a href="#6">6</a>]) or they will lose visitors, and that if we want to remain visible and relevant, we need to be where our users are - on the Web.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/emtacl12-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 event report olivia walsby sarah rayner jisc manchester metropolitan university mimas ukoln university of bath university of manchester internet archive memento scarlet schema.org worldcat algorithm api archives augmented reality bibliographic control bibliographic data cataloguing cloud computing content management data dissemination e-learning ebook framework google docs google maps information retrieval infrastructure institutional repository internet explorer ipad linked data lod mobile open access research search technology social networks software uri web 2.0 web app windows Thu, 13 Dec 2012 14:42:26 +0000 lisrw 2410 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries (TPDL) 2012 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/tpdl-2012-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/tpdl-2012-rpt#author1">Anna Mastora</a> and <a href="/issue70/tpdl-2012-rpt#author2">Sarantos Kapidakis</a> report on TPDL 2012 held at Paphos, Cyprus, over 23-27 September 2012.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The 16<sup>th</sup> International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries (TPDL) 2012 [<a href="#1">1</a>] was another successful event in the series of ECDL/TPDL conferences which has been the leading European scientific forum on digital libraries for 15 years. Across these years, the conference has brought together researchers, developers, content providers and users in the field of digital libraries by addressing issues in the area where theoretical and applied research meet, such as digital library models, architectures, functionality, users, and quality.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/tpdl-2012-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 event report anna mastora sarantos kapidakis city university london cni coalition for networked information google ionian university iso massachusetts institute of technology microsoft national technical university of athens open university princeton university the national archives university of cyprus university of malta university of strathclyde europeana archives blog data data set digital archive digital library digital preservation digitisation dissemination facebook frbr graphics information retrieval interoperability linked data metadata multimedia natural language processing ontologies preservation research resource discovery search technology semantic web skos software standards thesaurus twitter visualisation Sun, 16 Dec 2012 13:44:54 +0000 lisrw 2432 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Understanding Information and Computation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/white-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/white-rvw#author1">Martin White</a> reviews a very individual perspective on the extent to which the growth and structure of the World Wide Web is governed by the fundamental laws of physics and mathematics.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I have been a member of the information profession for almost 60 years, but then I started at a very young age.&nbsp;&nbsp; Indeed I was a library assistant at the age of four.&nbsp; My grandfather was the volunteer librarian for the small library in Clanfield, Hampshire, which opened up for a couple of afternoons each week.&nbsp; My job was to stack the books up, and help him put them back on the shelves.&nbsp; I felt very important.&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/white-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 review martin white ibm intranet focus ltd oxford university press university of oxford university of sheffield bibliographic data content management data information retrieval intranet research search technology Thu, 13 Dec 2012 23:51:07 +0000 lisrw 2416 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Getting Started with Cloud Computing http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/white-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/white-rvw#author1">Martin White</a> reviews a collection of essays on cloud computing that attempts to clarify the technology and its applications for librarians and information professionals.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I will admit to having read very little in the way of fiction writing over the last half-century though perhaps as a chemist by training I do enjoy science fiction from authors such as Arthur C. Clarke, Isaac Asimov and Fred Hoyle. All were distinguished scientists, none more so than Fred Hoyle, who was Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy at the University of Cambridge.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/white-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 review martin white american library association apple eduserv google intranet focus ltd jisc oclc university of cambridge university of sheffield cloud computing content management data information retrieval infrastructure as a service intranet ipad microsoft office mobile privacy search technology sharepoint software Sat, 28 Jul 2012 22:42:54 +0000 lisrw 2358 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 68 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/editorial2 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/editorial2#author1">The editor</a> introduces readers to the content of <em>Ariadne</em> issue 68.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I am pleased to introduce you to the content of Issue 68, and to have the opportunity to remind you that you have a far larger number of channels into the publication’s content.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/editorial2" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 editorial richard waller british library jisc massachusetts institute of technology national academy of sciences royal holloway sakai clif depositmo hydra opendoar repositories support project rsp aggregation archives blog cataloguing content management copyright creative commons data data citation data set digital repositories digitisation dissemination doi eprints facebook fedora commons foi framework higher education ict identifier information retrieval instant messaging institutional repository library management systems lucene metadata ms word multimedia ocr oer opac open source openurl preservation repositories research resource description resource discovery rss search technology second life sfx sharepoint software solr standardisation sword protocol taxonomy twitter vufind web 2.0 wordpress xml Mon, 12 Mar 2012 15:17:06 +0000 lisrw 2322 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk IMPACT Final Conference 2011 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/impact-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/impact-rpt#author1">Marieke Guy</a> reports on the two-day conference looking at the results of the IMPACT Project in making digitisation and OCR better, faster and cheaper.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The IMPACT Project (<strong>Imp</strong>roving <strong>Ac</strong>cess to <strong>T</strong>ext) [<a href="#1">1</a>] was funded by the European Commission back in 2007 to look at significantly advancing access to historical text using Optical Character Recognition (OCR) methods. As the project reaches its conclusion, one of its key objectives is sharing project outputs.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/impact-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 event report marieke guy abbyy austrian national library bnf brightsolid british library california digital library content conversion specialists d-lib magazine dcc google ibm institute for dutch lexicology national and university library of slovenia national library of finland national library of the netherlands stanford university tufts university ukoln university of bath university of munich university of oxford university of salford university of utrecht ahlib europeana impact project archives blog copyright data data management data mining data set database digital library digitisation dissemination finereader framework google books ict information retrieval information society interoperability metadata mets national library ocr oer open source optical character recognition preservation research search technology software solr tagging tesseract twitter unicode wiki wordpress Sun, 26 Feb 2012 13:36:33 +0000 lisrw 2233 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: From Lending to Learning http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/davies-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/davies-rvw#author1">Tim Davies</a> reviews a spirited defence of public libraries, which tries to define their core purpose and which argues for a re-positioning of their place in society.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>For those of us who work in public libraries these are, in the words of the old Chinese proverb, 'interesting times'. The service is under scrutiny at both local and national levels, with an intensity unknown in previous generations. Public libraries are in the news, with headline stories on the BBC's <em>Today</em> and <em>Newsnight</em>. They are the focus of demonstrations and read-ins, as councils struggle to balance severely reduced budgets.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/davies-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 review tim davies bbc north lincolnshire library jisc information environment wikipedia dvd ebook information retrieval information society plain text research standards Sat, 18 Feb 2012 23:25:28 +0000 lisrw 2228 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Innovations in Information Retrieval http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/white-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/white-rvw#author1">Martin White</a> reviews a collection of essays on a wide range of current topics and challenges in information retrieval.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Information_Retrieval_and_Enterprise_Search">Information Retrieval and Enterprise Search</h2> <p>For much of 2011 I worked on a project commissioned by the Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, on a techno-economic study of enterprise search in Europe.&nbsp; There is no dispute that the volume of information inside organisations is growing very rapidly, though much of this growth is the result of never discarding any digital information.&nbsp; The scale of the problem is well documented by the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) in its report on 'Big Data' [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/white-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 review martin white intranet focus ltd university of sheffield aida big data data document management higher education information retrieval internet explorer intranet research search technology tagging video Thu, 23 Feb 2012 17:11:39 +0000 lisrw 2232 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Towards Interoperabilty of European Language Resources http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/ananiadou-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/ananiadou-et-al#author1">Sophia Ananiadou</a> and colleagues describe an ambitious new initiative to accelerate Europe-wide language technology research, helped by their work on promoting interoperability of language resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- start main content --><!-- start main content --><p>A core component of the European Union is a common market with a single information space that works with around two dozen national languages and many regional languages. This wide variety of languages presents linguistic barriers that can severely limit the free flow of goods, information and services throughout Europe.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/ananiadou-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 feature article dean andrew jackson john keane john mcnaught paul thompson philip j r day sophia ananiadou steve pettifer teresa k attwood yoshinobu kano ibm meta-net university of manchester university of oxford university of tokyo data database e-science framework ict identifier information retrieval information society interoperability java metadata named entity recognition natural language processing plain text programming language repositories research search technology software standards tagging text mining uima web services xml Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1619 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Introducing RDA http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/clifford-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue66/clifford-rvw#author1">Katrina Clifford</a> reviews a work covering the long-heralded change in the cataloguing rule set - RDA (Resource Description and Access).</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v3: author final edits implemented 2011-02-22 REW --><!-- v3: author final edits implemented 2011-02-22 REW --><p>The world of information description and retrieval is one of constant change and RDA (Resource Description and Access) is often touted as being one of the most radical changes on the horizon. Early discussions were often couched very much in terms of the principles behind the move from AACR2 (Anglo American Cataloguing Rules) and the principles of a FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records)-based system. We gradually move closer to the Library of Congress' decision on whether to adopt RDA or not, raising questions of what adoption will mean in terms not just of day-to-day cataloguing but the wider retrieval world. Therefore, it is not just cataloguers who may feel they need to gain an understanding of exactly what RDA is and what moving to it will involve. The title of Chris Oliver's book, <em>Introducing RDA: A Guide to the Basics</em>, will, as a result, catch the eye of people from many spheres of information work.</p> <h2 id="Content_of_the_Book">Content of the Book</h2> <p>Although this book is just over 100 pages long, I would say it is not necessary to start at the beginning and work your way through the book to get the most out of it. If you're looking for something that places RDA squarely within the historical context of information retrieval and the rationale behind its development then the first two chapters give a comprehensive overview in relatively few pages. Chapter 1, 'What is RDA?' introduces the idea of RDA being designed as a result of an increasingly varied range of resources in need of description, especially those that are digital in nature. Additionally there is the need to search multiple datasets at once, including those beyond libraries, in allied institutions such as museums and archives. Chapter 2, 'RDA and the international context', as implied by the title explores the relationship of RDA to international documentation standards such as ISBD (International Standard Bibliographic Description) and how it copes in terms of handling language issues of catalogue records. It is just a brief overview however, all the ideas are discussed in one or two paragraphs each. Together, these two initial chapters would easily fill in the background for an uninitiated professional, such as a library school student and indeed they show that RDA is built upon many of the key concepts touched upon in library school courses, such as Cutter's<em> Rules for a dictionary catalog</em>.</p> <p>Chapter 3 furthers this introduction by describing FRBR and FRAD (Functional Requirements for Authority Data) and how they relate to RDA. In all the more recent discussions surrounding practical aspects of the uptake of RDA, the theoretical principles underlying it are often forgotten and revisiting them can be an interesting exercise. After an overview of how FRBR and FRAD are constructed, it moves on to why they are important. One figure lays out a MARC record and labels the fields with the appropriate FRBR entities which is helpful in understanding them in context. The remainder of the chapter shows how the RDA terms have been incorporated into the layout of the sections of RDA and the wording of the rules themselves. The chapter shows why RDA is laid out in a very different way to AACR2, grouping rules by the attribute described rather than by item format. This chapter is perhaps the most difficult to work through, but I feel this is due to the nature of the content, rather than any failing on the part of the author.</p> <p>Chapter 4 is entitled 'Continuity with AACR2' and while this may indicate it will describe how catalogues may appear different, the start of the chapter focuses more on continuity in terms of governance and principles rather than on the nuts and bolts of the records themselves. It does move to describing how AACR2 has been reworked into RDA, rather than RDA being written from scratch and illustrates this with a couple of rules and wordings from both products to compare the differences and similarities. It then moves back to what is essentially an historical account of the 'deconstruction' of AACR2, which is interesting in itself; but it would have been better placed near the start of the chapter to distinguish better between the historical description and the examples from RDA which follow.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/clifford-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue66 review katrina clifford kingston university library of congress aacr2 archives authority data bibliographic data cataloguing data data set frad frbr information retrieval isbd marc marc21 metadata resource description and access search technology standards video wiki Sun, 30 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1614 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Survive or Thrive http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/survive-thrive-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue65/survive-thrive-rpt#author1">Ed Fay</a> reports on a two-day conference organised by UKOLN on behalf of JISC to consider growth and use of digital content on the Web, which was held in Manchester in June 2010.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Survive or Thrive [<a href="#1">1</a>] is the punchy title given to an event intended to stimulate serious consideration amongst digital collections practitioners about future directions in our field - opportunities but also potential pitfalls. The event, which focused on content in HE, comes at a time of financial uncertainty when proving value is of increasing importance in the sector and at a point when significant investment has already been made in the UK into content creation, set against a backdrop of increasingly available content on the open Web from a multitude of sources.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/survive-thrive-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue65 event report ed fay apple bbc california digital library cerlim edina eduserv google jisc jisc digital media london school of economics massachusetts institute of technology ordnance survey rdtf talis the national archives university of huddersfield accessibility aggregation agile development api archives blog cataloguing data digital curation digital library digital media digital preservation digitisation dissemination domain model e-learning flickr geospatial data gis html identifier information retrieval infrastructure institutional repository interoperability itunes javascript linked data mashup metadata mobile personalisation preservation repositories research resource discovery search technology social networks software solr standards tagging text mining twitter usability widget Fri, 29 Oct 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1593 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Introductory Concepts in Information Science http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/oppenheim-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue65/oppenheim-rvw#author1">Charles Oppenheim</a> takes a look at an introduction to Information Science but fails to be impressed.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>With a title like that, one would expect a primer, introducing all the key concepts of information science to someone studying the topic for the first time at undergraduate or Masters' level, and possibly for the interested layman. Such a book would be a worthy successor to Chris Hanson's <em>Introduction to Science Information Work</em>, and Roger Meetham's <em>Information Retrieval</em>, both of which were first published about 40 years ago. Sadly, however, this book does not fulfil the promise of its title.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/oppenheim-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue65 review charles oppenheim british library british museum google loughborough university accessibility bibliometrics copyright digital library digital repositories information retrieval open access repositories research resource management software url Fri, 29 Oct 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1598 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Rewriting the Book: On the Move With the Library of Birmingham http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/gambles <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/gambles#author1">Brian Gambles</a> presents the Library of Birmingham vision and strategy for addressing the challenge of mobile digital services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Library of Birmingham (LoB) will open in 2013 as a world-class centre for culture, learning and knowledge, rewriting the book for public libraries in the 21st century. 'Rewriting the Book', which is integral to the new LoB brand, recognises and embraces the present and future challenge to libraries – it accepts that established means of accessing knowledge are changing rapidly and dynamically, with a significant digital dimension, and that increasingly radical responses to this challenge are demanded from leaders in the library sector.</p> <p>The LoB will seek to transform perceptions of Birmingham, redefining 'the library', with an outward focus, deeply embedded in partnership working, digitally connected to the world, and servicing both local and international audiences as a platform and cultural hub for knowledge and communal exchange. Fundamental to this change will be the delivery of digital services both inside and outside the new library with greater support for mobile communications with customers. Mobile is commonplace today, and opens up many opportunities to enhance customer experience both inside and external to the new library.</p> <p>This article describes the continuing journey of the LoB project in assessing the challenge of mobile, its relevance and how innovation could improve the visitor experience in the future.</p> <h2 id="Mobility:_An_Integral_Part_of_Living">Mobility: An Integral Part of Living</h2> <p>Mobile services are an integral part of our daily lives and embedded in our culture. This is never more apparent when we do not have them close to hand – a recent survey found that 40% of mobile phone users would rather lose their wallet than their mobile device. The choice may not be available for much longer: the mobile is very likely to become your wallet in the future!</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/gambles" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 feature article brian gambles amazon american museum of natural history apple google microsoft museum of london itunes u archives augmented reality cloud computing digital media digitisation ebook facebook framework ict information retrieval infrastructure ipad iphone itunes metadata mobile mobile phone qr code research sms software wireless Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1561 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Evidence, Value and Impact: The LIS Research Landscape in 2010 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/lisrc10-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/lisrc10-rpt#author1">Stephanie Kenna</a> reports on the Library and Information Science Research Coalition conference, held at the British Library on 28 June 2010.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Having been involved in developing the concept of a coalition for research in Library and Information Science (LIS) since 2006, it was with both pride and excitement that I took my place in the British Library's auditorium on Monday 28 June. There was a buzz of anticipation. We were not disappointed.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/lisrc10-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 event report stephanie kenna british library cilip edinburgh napier university jisc loughborough university mla research information network university college london lis research coalition archives blog data e-learning framework higher education information architecture information retrieval iphone research search technology twitter usability video wiki Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1572 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk E-books and E-content 2010: Data As Content http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/ebooks-ucl-2010-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/ebooks-ucl-2010-rpt#author1">Brian Whalley</a> reports on a meeting dealing with academic data management and some JISC projects concerned with institutional responses to the need to manage research data more effectively.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/ebooks-ucl-2010-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 event report brian whalley british library datacite google jisc queens university belfast research information network serials solutions university college london university of manchester university of oxford university of southampton peg-board sudamih archives cloud computing data data citation data management data mining data set database doi ebook eprints fedora commons flash foi framework google scholar higher education identifier information retrieval infrastructure metadata mp3 multimedia national library ogg preservation rdf repositories research resource description search technology semantic web sparql streaming text mining video Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1577 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Archives in Web 2.0: New Opportunities http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/nogueira <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/nogueira#author1">Marta Nogueira</a> describes how three Web 2.0 applications (Facebook, Flickr, YouTube) can work as a virtual extension for archives and other cultural organisations, by identifying benefits obtained from the use of Web 2.0 applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Archives are using Web 2.0 applications in a context that allows for new types of interaction, new opportunities regarding institutional promotion, new ways of providing their services and making their heritage known to the community. Applications such as Facebook (online social network), Flickr (online image-sharing community) and YouTube (online video sharing community) are already used by cultural organisations that interact in the informal context of Web 2.0.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/nogueira" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 feature article marta nogueira google library of congress new university of lisbon the national archives university of lisbon archives blog data database e-government facebook flickr geospatial data gis information retrieval institutional repository national library ontologies portal privacy repositories rss search technology social networks tagging twitter video web 2.0 web services youtube Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1541 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk RDA: Resource Description and Access http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/rda-briefing-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/rda-briefing-rpt#author1">Wendy Taylor</a> and <a href="/issue63/rda-briefing-rpt#author2">Helen Williams</a> report on CILIP's Executive Briefings on RDA : Resource Description and Access held at CILIP on 23 March 2010 and repeated at the Bloomsbury Hotel on 30 March 2010.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/rda-briefing-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 event report helen williams wendy taylor american library association british library british museum cilip ifla library association library of congress liverpool john moores university london school of economics rnib ukoln university college london aacr2 authority data bibliographic control bibliographic data cataloguing data digital media dublin core frad frbr information retrieval library management systems marc marc21 national library onix research resource description and access schema search technology standards video webinar Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1552 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Information Science in Transition http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> reviews an edited volume published to commemorate the founding of the Institute of Information Scientists in 1958.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v3. 2010-05-19-13-35 REW updating with minor edits from author --><!-- v3. 2010-05-19-13-35 REW updating with minor edits from author --><p>Until it joined with the Library Association in 2002 to form the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP), the Institute of Information Scientists was a professional organisation for those primarily working in scientific and technical information work. The chapters in this volume were first published in 2008 as a special issue of the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> to commemorate the founding of the institute in 1958. In accordance with this, many of the chapters provide a retrospective - sometimes even anecdotal - overview of developments in information science in the UK since the 1950s. While the approach of the volume is thematic, a major focus is on key initiatives and individuals, the latter including such luminaries as Jason Farradane, Cyril Cleverden and Karen Spärk Jones.</p> <p>Following a guest editorial by Brian Vickery, there are sixteen chapters in the book. While each chapter stands alone, conceptually the volume moves - with some exceptions - from largely retrospective reviews of past progress in information science by scholars of the older generation to overviews of current trends and technologies by their younger colleagues. Vickery's editorial tries to place information science in its historical context, explaining how the advent of digital computers and the Internet has transformed the discipline dramatically while simultaneously making its future more uncertain. This is also a view articulated by several of the volume contributors.</p> <p>The opening chapter is an attempt by Jack Meadows to discern the main research themes in UK information science over the past 50 years. A survey of the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> and other journals showed that the predominant theme was information retrieval, but that there was also important research being undertaken into information seeking, communication and bibliometrics. The chapter also tries to delineate some of the factors affecting information science research in the UK, for example noting the negative consequences of the demise of the old British Library Research and Development Department in the 1990s [<a href="#1">1</a>]. He concludes, however, on a positive note, pointing out that 'activities that were relatively marginal decades ago - such as automated information retrieval - are now at the heart of major growth industries' (p. 17). He also notes that the widening interest in information science concepts has brought in researchers from other disciplines - which is probably one of the key lessons of the whole book. In the second chapter, David Bawden (City University) again uses the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> as a means of exploring the development of the information science discipline itself, focusing on the underlying philosophical bases of the subject proposed by scholars like Bertie Brookes and Jason Farradane.</p> <p>The third chapter is by Stella Dextre Clarke. This is a retrospective of fifty years of knowledge organisation work in the information science domain that takes a partly anecdotal approach, attempting to illustrate 'how it felt to work in those times' (p. 45). Perhaps the best aspect of this is that it enables Dextre Clarke to give the reader a feel for what information retrieval could be like in the card-based pre-computer age. The chapter opens with a brief overview of the state of subject classification in the late 1950s, noting the continued practical predominance of enumerative schemes like the Dewey Decimal Classification while the theoreticians S. R. Ranganathan and Henry E. Bliss were still working away developing their (then) revolutionary ideas of 'faceted classification.' The focus then changes to the development of thesauri, noting the importance of Jean Aitchison's pioneering work on thesaurus construction. Dextre Clarke then provides a very brief overview of the role of controlled vocabularies in the early information retrieval tests conducted as part of the Aslib-Cranfield Research Project, a topic covered in more detail in the following chapter. Finally, moving to the present day, Dextre Clarke notes the continued importance of controlled vocabularies in the form of taxonomies and provides some pointers for a future Semantic Web.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 review michael day british library cilip edinburgh napier university indiana university library association london school of economics loughborough university microsoft stm ukoln university of bath university of brighton university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of manchester university of sheffield university of wolverhampton citeulike bibliographic data bibliometrics blog controlled vocabularies copyright data data mining data set database dewey decimal digital library ejournal facebook flickr ict information retrieval institutional repository metadata national library open access privacy repositories research rss second life semantic web social software standards thesaurus twitter vocabularies web 2.0 wiki youtube Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1555 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Delete - The Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/cliff-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/cliff-rvw#author1">Pete Cliff</a> hopes he'll not forget this marvellous book, even when the author seems to suggest it might be better if he did!</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v.2.0 --><!-- v.2.0 --><p>In the past the storage and recall of information (the act of remembering) was limited. If people wanted to keep a record, it had to be written down (at great expense in the days before printing) or they had to rely on (notoriously error-prone) human memory. As time moved on, more and more could be recorded, but recall in the analogue world remained difficult - the <em>raison d'être</em> of information science. However, with the proliferation of digital recording and the advent of cheap and vast storage, the balance has shifted. In a world deluged with data - including our personal collections of digital photos, email inboxes and the like - it has become easier to record everything than attempt any kind of manual pruning - deleting bad photographs, irrelevant emails, etc. At the same time recall methods have advanced, so that I can (should I want) look up an email I sent more than five years ago or see what a colleague blogged last year.</p> <p>This shift from people forgetting to machines remembering is the central theme of Viktor Mayer-Schönberger's book <em>Delete, </em>published by Princeton University Press.&nbsp;And a fascinating, frightening, well-argued and accessible read it is!</p> <p>The work opens with the now familiar horror stories of digital remembering - a newly qualified teacher failing to get a job on account of the picture of her on a social networking site, the psychotherapist refused entry to the USA because of a (presumably open access) journal article, published several years before, in which he mentions having taken LSD in the 1960s. Examples of how society is now able to discover (to remember) facts about your life that you have forgotten yourself. This opening chapter neatly sets the scene and highlights just how much Mayer-Schönberger has read around the problem of 'perfect memory'.</p> <p>In the next two chapters, the reader is taken on a ride through the psychology, sociology and history of forgetting and humankind's battle against it. They culminate in the rise of the technologies that now leave us with a society capable of seemingly perfect memory (though not everything is remembered digitally and we'd do well to remember that!) while individuals are now capable of looking up their past in ways hitherto unimagined. Though the author's arguments are compelling, they are on occasion overstated or based on false premise - is it really all that easy to mine the vast data resources we have at our command yet? However, the book does get the reader thinking and the author himself states that part of his reason for writing it was to stimulate debate.</p> <p>Chapter IV, <em>Of Power and Time - Consequences of the Demise of Forgetting, </em>is probably my favourite - perhaps because I love a good tale of doom! It examines the consequences of total recall and boils the issue down to two fundamentals. Firstly there is the loss of power, as information about us is duplicated and reused (often out of context) with or without our permission; and secondly the negation of time. Among the issues are two terrifying possibilities: that perfect memory threatens reason, abstract thought and the ability to make decisions in the present, and; that the reasons for retaining data now may seem sensible, but what if (as with the chilling example given) it should fall into the wrong hands in the future?</p> <p>Having clearly and concisely built a picture of the problem, from the early days of human history to the present, Mayer-Schönberger then turns to some potential solutions. Chapter V outlines six potential responses, drawing on information privacy issues as well as other areas. Curious here is the way he suggests one response would be for information sources (us) to use digital rights management techniques to ensure our data are safe, effectively turning the tables on the music industry or search engines. It is an interesting idea, though one the author later dismisses.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/cliff-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 review pete cliff princeton university university of oxford data information retrieval open access privacy search technology software Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1536 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk UK Institutional Repository Search: Innovation and Discovery http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue61/lyte-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue61/lyte-et-al#author1">Vic Lyte</a>, <a href="/issue61/lyte-et-al#author2">Sophia Jones</a>, <a href="/issue61/lyte-et-al#author3">Sophia Ananiadou</a> and <a href="/issue61/lyte-et-al#author4">Linda Kerr</a> describe an innovative tool to showcase UK research output through advanced discovery and retrieval facilities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Institutional repositories are a major element of the Open Access movement. More specifically in research and education, the main purpose is to make available as much of the research output of an institution as possible.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue61/lyte-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue61 feature article linda kerr sophia ananiadou sophia jones vic lyte google ibm intute jisc microsoft mimas oclc sherpa ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of cambridge university of manchester university of nottingham automatic metadata generation opendoar repomman wikipedia aggregation algorithm apache archives bibliographic data cloud computing data digital library e-research framework google scholar google search higher education information retrieval infrastructure institutional repository lucene metadata open access personalisation preservation repositories research search technology semantic web taxonomy text mining uima visualisation web 2.0 Fri, 30 Oct 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1511 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Digital Consumers - Reshaping the Information Professions http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/rafiq-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue60/rafiq-rvw#author1">Muhammad Rafiq</a> offers us a detailed review of a work which examines digital consumers from both an historical and future perspective.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This book is a collection of articles by the members of the Centre for Information Behaviour and the Evaluation of Research (CIBER), at University College London (UCL) and associates, such as Dr Tom Dobrowolski of Warsaw University, Professor Michael Moss of the University of Glasgow, Professor Barrie Gunter of the University of Leicester.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/rafiq-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue60 review muhammad rafiq google university college london university of glasgow university of leicester collection development data set html information retrieval research resource discovery search technology social web Wed, 29 Jul 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1502 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Librarians' Information Literacy Annual Conference (LILAC) 2009 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/lilac-2009-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/lilac-2009-rpt#author1">Rosie Jones</a> reports on a three-day conference about Information Literacy held by CILIP CSG Information Literacy Group at Cardiff University over 30 March - 1 April 2009.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>LILAC celebrated its fifth birthday in style in what proved to be a fantastic venue, Cardiff University. This occasion was commemorated with tour t-shirts available for all the delegates. The conference proved more popular than ever with a record number of presentations submitted and over 240 delegates from across the UK and worldwide. There were also seven funded places for Library students to attend, a fantastic investment in the profession for the future.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/lilac-2009-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 event report rosie jones american library association cardiff university college of new jersey google imperial college london jisc london metropolitan university loughborough university manchester metropolitan university princeton university sconul university of birmingham university of cambridge university of leeds university of manchester university of nottingham university of oxford university of plymouth university of sheffield university of the west of england university of worcester argosi itunes u jorum wikipedia aac blog database e-learning flash framework higher education information retrieval itunes learning objects marc multimedia podcast refworks research search technology social software twitter video vle youtube Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1474 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="events1"></a></p> <h3 id="Digital_Preservation_The_Planets_Way">Digital Preservation – The Planets Way</h3> <p>Royal Library Copenhagen, Denmark<br />22-24 June 2009<br /><a href="http://www.planets-project.eu/events/copenhagen-2009/">http://www.planets-project.eu/events/copenhagen-2009/</a></p> <p>Does your organisation know what to preserve digitally for the future? Do you want to discuss your strategies for digital preservation with colleagues and experts? Do you know how to preserve your collections for the future? Do you know which tools and services to use for this?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 news and events richard waller amazon city university london cni coalition for networked information dcc duraspace elsevier information today intute jisc jisc collections loughborough university mla oclc oucs oxford university computing services research information network science and technology facilities council the national archives tilburg university ukoln university college london university of california berkeley university of cambridge university of glamorgan university of oxford entag jisc information environment jorum aggregation archives blog cataloguing content management controlled vocabularies data database dewey decimal digital curation digital library digital preservation dissemination dspace e-learning e-research e-science fedora commons higher education html information retrieval infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability linked data mashup metadata mobile multimedia ontologies open access open source podcast portal portfolio preservation repositories research resource discovery schema search technology semantic web social software software standards tagging tei url usability vocabularies web 2.0 web app web resources wiki xml Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1479 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="events1"></a></p> <h2 id="JISC_Digital_Media_formerly_TASI_Training_Schedule">JISC Digital Media (formerly TASI) Training Schedule</h2> <p>Four brand new courses are on offer for the 2009 season dealing with:</p> <ul> <li>Finding free images online</li> <li>Editing and managing images using Photoshop Lightroom 2</li> <li>Audio Production (recording lectures, seminars, interviews and podcasts)</li> <li>Digitising analogue video recordings.</li> </ul> <p>Courses are already filling up fast and several courses now have multiple dates to accommodate demand.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue58 news and events richard waller amazon arl association of research libraries cilip cni jisc jisc digital media kingston university loughborough university mla national library of the netherlands oclc serials solutions stanford university tasi the national archives university of chicago university of washington victoria university impact project accessibility adobe aggregation archives copyright curation data database digital curation digital library digital media digital repositories digitisation dissemination e-learning e-research ebook framework higher education information retrieval infrastructure knowledge management licence metadata mobile multimedia national library ocr open access optical character recognition photoshop podcast preservation repositories research resource discovery resource management rss semantic web video Fri, 30 Jan 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1459 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Networked Library Service Layer: Sharing Data for More Effective Management and Cooperation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/gatenby <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/gatenby#author1">Janifer Gatenby</a> identifies criteria for determining which data in various library systems could be more beneficially shared and managed at a network level.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/gatenby" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 feature article janifer gatenby amazon google ietf ifla iso library of congress niso oai oclc worldcat aggregation algorithm archives atom authentication authority data bibliographic data blog cataloguing copyright data data set database digital library digital repositories digitisation framework ftp identifier information retrieval interoperability knowledge base library data library management systems licence marc21 mashup metadata oai-pmh opac open archives initiative openurl portal preservation rdf repositories research resource management rfc rss schema search technology social networks software sru standardisation standards syndication uri url web portal web services z39.50 z39.88 Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1408 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Digital Lives: Report of Interviews With the Creators of Personal Digital Collections http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/williams-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/williams-et-al#author1">Pete Williams</a>, <a href="/issue55/williams-et-al#author2">Ian Rowlands</a>, <a href="/issue55/williams-et-al#author3">Katrina Dean</a> and <a href="/issue55/williams-et-al#author4">Jeremy Leighton John</a> describe initial findings of the AHRC-funded Digital Lives Research Project studying personal digital collections and their relationship with research repositories such as the British Library.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/williams-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article ian rowlands jeremy leighton john katrina dean peter williams british library d-lib magazine google university college london university of bristol archives blog collection development computer programming copyright data set digital archive digital library digital preservation digitisation dissemination google analytics ict information retrieval intellectual property knowledge management mac os portfolio preservation privacy repositories research search technology software standards video Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1392 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="UKeiG_Courses_over_May_October_2008"><a name="events1"></a>UKeiG Courses over May – October 2008</h3> <h4 id="Searching_the_Internet:_Google_and_Beyond">Searching the Internet: Google and Beyond</h4> <p>Karen Blakeman<br />Friday 16 May 2008<br />University of Liverpool<br /><a href="http://www.ukeig.org.uk/training/2008/May/beyondgoogle.html">http://www.ukeig.org.uk/training/2008/May/beyondgoogle.html</a></p> <h4 id="Searching_the_Internet:_Google_and_Beyond-1">Searching the Internet: Google and Beyond</h4> <p>Karen Blakeman<br />Wednesday 11 June 2008<br />King's College London, Guy's Campus<br /><a href="http://www.ukeig.org.uk/training/2008/June/beyondgoogle.html">http://www.ukeig.org.uk/training/2008/June/beyondgoogle.html</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 news and events richard waller arl association of research libraries cilip cni coalition for networked information dcc google ieee imperial college london information today intute jisc kansas state university kings college london microsoft mla national e-science centre national library of the netherlands national science foundation oai oasis portico sakai school of oriental and african studies sherpa tilburg university university of aberdeen university of hull university of liverpool university of manchester university of nottingham vads wellcome trust digital academic repositories iesr iwmw repomman ridir archives authentication blog cataloguing cdwa controlled vocabularies copyright creative commons curation data database ddc digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories dublin core e-government e-learning e-research e-science fedora commons framework further education higher education html ict information retrieval interoperability intranet lcsh licence lom metadata multimedia national library oai-ore oasis saml ontologies open access open source personalisation portfolio preservation privacy repositories research saml search technology second life semantic web sharepoint shibboleth skos soap software srw standards tagging thesaurus url video visualisation vocabularies web 2.0 web development web resources web services wordnet youtube Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1398 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Collaborative and Social Tagging Networks http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/tonkin-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author1">Emma Tonkin</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author2">Edward M. Corrado</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author3">Heather Lea Moulaison</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author4">Margaret E. I. Kipp</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author5">Andrea Resmini</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author6">Heather D. Pfeiffer</a> and <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author7">Qiping Zhang</a> gather a series of international perspectives on the practice of social tagging of documents within a community context.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Social tagging, which is also known as collaborative tagging, social classification, and social indexing, allows ordinary users to assign keywords, or tags, to items. Typically these items are Web-based resources and the tags become immediately available for others to see and use. Unlike traditional classification, social tagging keywords are typically freely chosen instead of using a controlled vocabulary.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/tonkin-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 feature article andrea resmini edward m. corrado emma tonkin heather d. pfeiffer heather lea moulaison margaret e. i. kipp qiping zhang amazon college of new jersey d-lib magazine google iso long island university new mexico state university rutgers university ukoln university of cambridge university of illinois citeulike aggregation blog cloud computing controlled vocabularies data data set digital library framework hypertext information architecture information retrieval interoperability knowledge management metadata mobile phone multimedia ontologies research search technology social networks software standards subject heading tag cloud tagging technorati thesaurus usability video vocabularies web 2.0 wiki Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1372 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The National Centre for Text Mining: A Vision for the Future http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ananiadou <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/ananiadou#author1">Sophia Ananiadou</a> describes NaCTeM and the main scientific challenges it helps to solve together with issues related to deployment, use and uptake of NaCTeM's text mining tools and services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>One of the defining challenges of e-Science is dealing with the data deluge [<a href="#1">1</a>] information overload and information overlook. More than 8,000 scientific papers are published every week (on Google Scholar, for example). Without sophisticated new tools, researchers will be unable to keep abreast of developments in their field and valuable new sources of research data will be under-exploited. The capability of text mining (TM) to find knowledge hidden in text and to present it in a concise form makes it an essential part of any strategy for addressing these problems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ananiadou" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 feature article sophia ananiadou google ibm jisc microsoft university of manchester blog controlled vocabularies data data management data mining database digital library doi e-learning e-research e-science framework google scholar identifier information retrieval infrastructure intellectual property interoperability knowledge management machine learning metadata named entity recognition natural language processing ontologies open access open source portal repositories research search technology semantic web social networks software text mining uima usability visualisation vocabularies web services Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1347 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Googlepository and the University Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/manuel-oppenheim <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/manuel-oppenheim#author1">Sue Manuel</a> and <a href="/issue53/manuel-oppenheim#author2">Charles Oppenheim</a> discuss the concept of Google as a repository within the wider context of resource management and provision in Further and Higher Education.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The development of an increasing array of tools for storing, organising, managing, and searching electronic resources poses some interesting questions for those in the Higher Education sector, not least of which are: what role do repositories have in this new information environment? What effect is Google having on the information-seeking strategies of students, researchers and teachers? Where do libraries fit within the information continuum? And ultimately, what services should they look to provide for their users?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/manuel-oppenheim" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 feature article charles oppenheim sue manuel alt cetis d-lib magazine dcc google ieee jisc loughborough university massachusetts institute of technology oreilly university of cambridge archives hub jisc information environment midess open library access control aggregation algorithm archives bibliographic data blog born digital cataloguing copyright data database digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories dissemination e-learning google search higher education identifier ieee lom information architecture information retrieval learning object metadata learning objects librarything lom metadata multimedia open access preservation provenance repositories research resource discovery search technology social software standards tagging usability web services web standards Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1352 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ECDL 2007 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author1">Mahendra Mahey</a>, <a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author2">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author3">Robert John Robertson</a> report on the 2007 European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, held in Budapest, Hungary, over 16-22 September, 2007.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This was the first time this event was held in the majestic and architecturally impressive city of Budapest. It was organised by The Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA SZTAKI) [<a href="#1">1</a>] and held at the Europa Congress Centre.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report emma tonkin mahendra mahey robert john robertson cetis dcc iso jisc ukoln university of bath university of glasgow university of liverpool university of strathclyde university of wales jisc information environment accessibility aggregation controlled vocabularies data database dcmi digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories dspace ebook framework identifier information retrieval information society infrastructure interoperability library management systems linux medical subject headings metadata multimedia ocr ontologies operating system preservation repositories research search technology software tagging thesaurus vocabularies web 2.0 windows wireless xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1357 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The KIDMM Community's 'MetaKnowledge Mash-up' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/kidmm-rpt#author1">Conrad Taylor</a> reports on the KIDMM knowledge community and its September 2007 one-day conference about data, information and knowledge management issues.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="About_KIDMM">About KIDMM</h2> <p>The British Computer Society [<a href="#1">1</a>], which in 2007 celebrates 50 years of existence, has a self-image around engineering, software, and systems design and implementation. However, within the BCS there are over fifty Specialist Groups (SGs); among these, some have a major focus on 'informatics', or the <em>content</em> of information systems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report conrad taylor anglia ruskin university bsi google library of congress nhs ordnance survey the national archives ukoln university of bolton university of london university of manchester wikipedia adobe algorithm archives ascii born digital browser cataloguing controlled vocabularies csv cybernetics data data management data mining data set database digital archive digital asset management dublin core e-government e-learning ead eportfolio foia framework geospatial data gis google maps identifier information retrieval information society interoperability location-based services metadata mis named entity recognition ontologies portfolio preservation provenance repositories research search technology sgml software standards tagging text mining thesaurus vocabularies wiki xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1358 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Discussions from KIDMM Mash-up Day http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt/discussions.html <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In conjunction with his <a href="/issue53/kidmm-rpt">main article on The KIDMM Community's 'MetaKnowledge Mash-up</a>, Conrad Taylor reports on discussions from KIDMM Mash-up Day.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="a"></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt/discussions.html" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report conrad taylor british library de montfort university google iso library of congress microsoft nhs open university aida accessibility adobe cataloguing cloud computing data data model data set database digital preservation document format ead flickr geospatial data gis information retrieval microsoft office opendocument openoffice operating system preservation repositories research search technology software standards tag cloud tagging taxonomy udc usability vocabularies web 2.0 xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 14:40:19 +0000 admin 2151 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Enabling Knowledge Communities http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt/enc.html <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In conjunction with his <a href="/issue53/kidmm-rpt">main article on The KIDMM Community's 'MetaKnowledge Mash-up</a>, Conrad Taylor provides further information about enabling knowledge communities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Social_Networking_Services">Social Networking Services</h2> <p>Recently, Richard Millwood has been drawing the attention of I&amp;DeAs colleagues to phenomena such as Del.icio.us, Flikr, Frappr, Twitter and Facebook.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt/enc.html" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report conrad taylor google data facebook flickr google docs information retrieval knowledge management twitter web 2.0 Tue, 30 Oct 2007 14:51:10 +0000 admin 2152 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Institutional Repositories and Their 'Other' Users: Usability Beyond Authors http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/mckay <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue52/mckay#author1">Dana McKay</a> summarises the literature on the usability of institutional repositories, and points to directions for future work.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/mckay" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue52 feature article dana mckay association of research libraries cornell university d-lib magazine edinburgh napier university google ifla oclc queensland university of technology swinburne university of technology university of cambridge university of southampton ebank uk romeo rosa archives content management copyright data database digital library digital repositories dspace electronic theses eprints framework google scholar higher education information retrieval infrastructure institutional repository metadata open access rae repositories research search technology software usability Sun, 29 Jul 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1330 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="events1"></a>Building Trust in Digital Repositories Using the DRAMBORA Toolkit</p> <p>Pre-SOA Conference Workshop:<br />Building Trust in Digital Repositories Using the DRAMBORA Toolkit<br />27 August 2007, 11.00-16.00<br />The Queen's University of Belfast, Northern Ireland<br /><a href="http://www.dcc.ac.uk/events/drambora-belfast-2007/">http://www.dcc.ac.uk/events/drambora-belfast-2007/</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue52 news and events richard waller ahrc andrew w mellon foundation carnegie mellon university cilip cornell university dcc de montfort university eblida google hea ieee intute jisc jisc collections kings college london mla national library of the netherlands national science foundation oclc oxford university press queens university belfast rnib tasi the national archives university of glasgow university of nottingham university of oxford university of virginia worldcat aggregation archives blog cataloguing copyright curation data database digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories e-science ebook fedora commons flickr foi framework information architecture information retrieval infrastructure intellectual property marc metadata multimedia national library ontologies open access open source photoshop portal preservation prism privacy repositories research resource management resource sharing soa social networks social software social web software tagging tei web 2.0 web app web development web resources web standards youtube Sun, 29 Jul 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1342 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk QMSearch: A Quality Metrics-aware Search Framework http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/krowne <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/krowne#author1">Aaron Krowne</a> and <a href="/issue47/krowne#author2">Urvashi Gadi</a> present a framework which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a 'quality metrics-aware' approach.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In this article we present a framework, QMSearch, which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a 'quality metrics-aware' approach. This means the digital library deployer or end-user can customise how results are presented, including aspects of both ranking and organisation in general, based upon standard metadata attributes and quality indicators derived from the general library information environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/krowne" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article aaron krowne urvashi gadi amazon d-lib magazine emory university google microsoft oai jisc information environment aggregation apache archives browser cache css data data mining data model database digital library doc dublin core fedora commons framework genetic algorithm google scholar html identifier information retrieval interoperability java javascript lucene metadata modelling open archives initiative open source provenance repositories research schema search technology software standards stylesheet usability video visualisation web browser xml xsl xslt Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1230 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk