Overview of content related to 'linux' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1234/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en 23rd International CODATA Conference http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/codata-2012-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/codata-2012-rpt#author1">Alex Ball</a> reports on a conference on ‘Open Data and Information for a Changing Planet’ held by the International Council for Science’s Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) at Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan on 28–31 October 2012.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>CODATA was formed by the International Council for Science (ICSU) in 1966 to co-ordinate and harmonise the use of data in science and technology. One of its very earliest decisions was to hold a conference every two years at which new developments could be reported. The first conference was held in Germany in 1968, and over the following years it would be held in&nbsp; 15 different countries across 4 continents.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/codata-2012-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 event report alex ball codata datacite dcc elsevier icsu jisc library of congress national academy of sciences niso oais orcid royal meteorological society sheffield hallam university stm ukoln university college london university of bath university of edinburgh university of queensland university of washington dealing with data europeana ojims accessibility algorithm api archives bibliographic data big data blog cataloguing cloud computing creative commons crm curation data data citation data management data mining data model data set data visualisation database digital archive digital curation digitisation dissemination doi dvd e-learning facebook framework geospatial data gis google maps handle system identifier infrastructure intellectual property interoperability java knowledge base knowledge management licence linux lod metadata mobile moodle oer ontologies open access open data open source operating system optical character recognition portfolio preservation privacy provenance repositories research restful search technology sharepoint smartphone software standardisation standards tagging usb video visualisation vocabularies web resources web services widget wiki xml xmpp Sat, 15 Dec 2012 12:41:16 +0000 lisrw 2430 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk CURATEcamp iPres 2012 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt#author1">Mark Jordan</a>, <a href="/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt#author2">Courtney Mumma</a>, <a href="/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt#author3">Nick Ruest</a> and the participants of CURATEcamp iPres 2012 report on this unconference for digital curation practitioners and researchers, held on 2 October 2012 in Toronto.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>CURATEcamp is ‘A series of unconference-style events focused on connecting practitioners and technologists interested in digital curation.’ [<a href="#1">1</a>] The first CURATEcamp was held in the summer of 2010, and there have been just over 10 Camps since then.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 event report courtney mumma mark jordan nick ruest british library library of congress ndsa premis simon fraser university york university apache archives blog cloud computing curation data digital curation digital preservation digital repositories dissemination ebook file format google docs hashtag identifier infrastructure linux metadata open source operating system preservation programming language python repositories software standards taxonomy twitter vocabularies Thu, 13 Dec 2012 12:21:18 +0000 lisrw 2409 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Making the Most of a Conference http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/taylor <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/taylor#author1">Stephanie Taylor</a> writes about how she made the most of a conference to promote and inform the work of a project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I’ve been working with repositories in various ways for over five years, so I have, of course, attended the major international conference Open Repositories before. I have never actually presented anything or represented a specific project at the event, though. This year was different. This year I had a mission -&nbsp; to present a poster on the DataFlow Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] and to talk to people about the work we had been doing for the past 12 months and (I hoped) to interest them in using the Open Source (OS) systems we had developed during that period.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/taylor" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 feature article stephanie taylor ukoln university of glasgow university of oxford university of southampton devcsi hydra rsp api archives blog cloud computing copyright data data management data set database digital library digital repositories dissemination doi flickr framework hashtag higher education infrastructure javascript licence linked data linux metadata open access open source provenance rdf repositories research research information management software standards sword protocol tagging text mining twitter visualisation widget wiki zip Tue, 31 Jul 2012 15:05:33 +0000 lisrw 2374 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Moving Ariadne: Migrating and Enriching Content with Drupal http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/bunting#author1">Thom Bunting</a> explains some of the technology behind the migration of <em>Ariadne</em> (including more than 1600 articles from its back issues archive) onto a Drupal content management platform.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Tools and strategies for content management are a perennial topic in <em>Ariadne. </em> With&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=" title="Link to overview of articles including references to 'content management'">more than one hundred articles</a>&nbsp;touching on content management system (CMS) technologies or techniques since this online magazine commenced publication in 1996,&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;attests to continuing interest in this topic. Authors have discussed this topic within various contexts, from&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=intranet&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to articles discussing 'content management', within 'intranet' context">intranets</a> to&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/repositories?article-type=&amp;term=content+management&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles referring to 'content management', within 'repositories' context">repositories</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=web+2.0&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles discussing 'content management', within context of Web 2.0">Web 2.0</a>, &nbsp;with some notable&nbsp;<a href="/sites/all/datacharts/hc/72-chart-wp.html#timeline" title="Link to timeline: articles referring to 'content management'">surges in references to 'content management' between 2000 and 2005</a>&nbsp;(see Figure 1 below). &nbsp;Although levels of discussion are by no means trending, over recent years it is clear that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> authors have taken note of and written about content management tools and techniques on a regular basis.&nbsp;</p> <p>In the light of this long-established interest, it is noteworthy that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> itself migrated into a content management system only recently. Although the formatting of its articles did change a few times since 1996, <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;remained 'hand-coded' for more than fifteen years. &nbsp;None of its articles had been migrated into a database-driven content management system until March 2012, when&nbsp;<a href="/issue68" title="Link to table of contents for Ariadne issue 68">issue 68</a>&nbsp;was published.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>As mentioned in the&nbsp;<a href="/issue68/editorial1" title="Editorial introduction: Welcome to New Ariadne">editorial introduction</a>&nbsp;to that first issue, launching the new content management arrangements, and as discussed in some more detail below (see 'Technical challenges in content migration'), the considerable size of&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>'s archive of back issues was daunting. &nbsp;With <a href="/articles" title="Overview of more than 1600 articles in Ariadne">more than 1600 articles</a>&nbsp;in hand-coded 'flat'-html formats,&nbsp;the process of migration itself required careful planning to result in a seamless, graceful transition into an entirely new content management arrangement. &nbsp;Over time, the sheer size of the <em>Ariadne</em> corpus had made it both increasingly rich in content and increasingly more challenging to convert retrospectively into a database-driven CMS as the total number of articles published within this online magazine steadily expanded.&nbsp;</p> <p>In looking back over the recent process of migrating <em>Ariadne</em> onto a CMS platform, this article discusses some tools and techniques used to prepare content for transfer, testing, and then re-launch. &nbsp;After explaining some of the background to and objectives of this work, this article focuses on key features of content management supported by Drupal.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue69-bunting/content%20management-timeline.png" style="height: 453px; width: 500px; " title="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" /></p> <p style="text-align: center; "><strong>Figure 1: Ariadne timeline of references to content management</strong></p> <h2 id="Requirements_Analysis:_Planning_the_Way_Forward">Requirements Analysis: Planning the Way Forward</h2> <p>Based on surveys of readers and authors conducted in late 2010, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team analysed the range of feedback, drew up sets of re-development requirements, and then considered the options available.</p> <p>The following table provides an overview of key findings regarding the range of enhanced functionality and features considered:</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Overview of findings derived from survey responses</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>enhanced functionality or feature</em></td> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>interest recorded in surveys</em></td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by keywords</td> <td>73.4% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>updated look and feel</td> <td>62.3% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by title</td> <td>50.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>enhanced use of search engine</td> <td>48.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved display for portable devices</td> <td>34.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>more summative information on articles</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved navigability from article level</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved social media options</td> <td>29.5% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by author</td> <td>28.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved RSS feeds</td> <td>27.0% of respondents</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>In addition to these findings derived from surveys, the management team also recognised the need for some other functionalities to support monitoring of <em>Ariadne</em>'s on-going engagement with various domains and institutions across the UK and beyond.</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Additional features to support monitoring of engagement</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; ">identification of author domains (higher education, further education, research, commercial, etc)</td> <td style="text-align: left; ">to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach across various sectors</td> </tr> <tr> <td>identification of authors by organisation</td> <td>to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach in UK and worldwide</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>Taking into account the key findings derived from survey questions as well as the additional functionality identified as useful in monitoring UK and worldwide engagement, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team drew up sets of re-development requirements and considered how to proceed.&nbsp;Migration into a content management system represented the obvious way forward, as it became clear that <em>Ariadne</em>'s&nbsp;previous tradition of 'hand-coded' production (dating from the early days of the Web) had little chance of coping gracefully with the new sets of requirements.</p> <p>In a review of CMS options available, it also became clear that&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drupal" title="Wikipedia article: Drupal">Drupal</a>&nbsp;[<a href="#1">1</a>] was well positioned as a content management system (or, emphasising its highly modular and extensible design, <em>content management framework </em>&nbsp;[<a href="#2">2</a>] ) to supply required functionality and features.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up thom bunting ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath datagovuk gnu wikipedia apache api archives bibliographic data content licence content management css data data set database drupal framework further education graphics higher education html identifier jquery json licence linux metadata mysql open source perl php preservation python rdf repositories research rss search technology software sql server sqlite standards taxonomy usability video visualisation web 2.0 xml Fri, 27 Jul 2012 16:47:36 +0000 lisrw 2348 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk UK Reading Experience Database http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/reading-exp-db-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/reading-exp-db-rpt#author1">Bethan Ruddock</a> reports from the launch event for the UK Reading Experience Database, held at the Betty Boothroyd Library, the Open University, Milton Keynes, on 24 February 2011.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- start main content --><!-- start main content --><!-- v.3 with author's final edits rew --><!-- v.3 with author's final edits rew --><p>I was invited down to the Open University (OU) Betty Boothroyd Library in Milton Keynes for the launch of the UK Reading Experience Database (UK RED) [<a href="#1">1</a>]. I had been asked to attend to talk about the LOCAH Project and Linked Data, but I was also looking forward to learning about the RED Project.</p> <p>This was the first of two launch days, and was designed for librarians, archivists, and information managers. A second launch day for teachers in Higher Education was to be held in London the next day.</p> <h2 id="What_Is_UK_RED">What Is UK RED?</h2> <p>The tagline for UK RED is 'the experience of reading in Britain from 1450 to 1945', and the database brings together reading experiences, making them both searchable and browsable. What is a reading experience? It is evidence of anyone alive between the mid-15th and 20thcenturies having read and interacted with a book or other piece of writing, such as magazines, newspapers, letters - even playbills and advertisements. Ownership alone is not enough; there must be something to show that the person in question actually read the work or at least part of it.</p> <p>This information can be found in a number of places - a printed book review would be an obvious example. The RED team also find many entries in diaries. Such entries can range from simple lists of books that someone has read over the course of a year, to detailed descriptions of when and where they read a particular book, and how they felt about it. Often diary entries are not actually about the book; it is mentioned in passing and in the context of a number of other activities.</p> <p>While the owner's name on the flyleaf is not itself enough to justify a 'reading experience', annotations to the text are, as they show that the person has actually interacted with the text. Of course, you then have to consider whether the person whose name is on the flyleaf is the same as the person doing the annotating!</p> <p>RED is much more than a list of 'people who have read books'. The database aims to bring out as much information as possible about the reading experience. The interface to submit a new entry allows you to specify where the reading was taking place, all the way down to a particular room in a particular house. It also aims to identify if the reading was silent or aloud, alone or with other people; whether the book was owned by the reader, a library book, borrowed, or even stolen. All these data are then used to build up a rich database of information on who was reading what (and how!) in Britain.</p> <p>UK RED is not just concerned with reading experiences within Britain: team members also look at the reading experiences of citizens abroad. <strong>Edmund King</strong>, Research Associate, Reading Experience Database, OU, told us that, as a consequence, there are fascinating examples of what captured British soldiers were reading in prisoner-of-war (POW) camps as well as examples of what they were not allowed to read. Books in Welsh and Pakistani were banned, as well as atlases and anything about the Russian revolution. I do not know if there are corresponding records for what prisoners in UK POW camps were forbidden to read, but it would be very interesting to find out.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/reading-exp-db-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 event report bethan ruddock ahrc eduserv jisc mimas newcastle university open university talis ukoln university of manchester university of oxford archives hub dbpedia locah lucero wikipedia apache archives bibliographic data blog cataloguing copac copyright data data set database dissemination flickr higher education intellectual property linked data linux open source php provenance research software sparql sql twitter video Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1629 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk International Digital Curation Conference 2010 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/idcc-2010-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue66/idcc-2010-rpt#author1">Alex Ball</a> reports on the 6th International Digital Curation Conference, held on 7-8 December 2010 in Chicago.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- version v2: final edits after author review 2011-01-12 REW --><!-- version v2: final edits after author review 2011-01-12 REW --><p>The International Digital Curation Conference has been held annually by the Digital Curation Centre (DCC) [<a href="#1">1</a>] since 2005, quickly establishing a reputation for high-quality presentations and papers. So much so that, as co-chair Allen Renear explained in his opening remarks, after attending the 2006 Conference in Glasgow [<a href="#2">2</a>] delegates from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) offered to bring the event to Chicago.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/idcc-2010-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue66 event report alex ball cni coalition for networked information cornell university datacite dcc indiana university johns hopkins university leiden university massachusetts institute of technology michigan state university national library of australia national science foundation research information network rutgers university ukoln university of arizona university of bath university of california berkeley university of cambridge university of chicago university of edinburgh university of illinois university of oxford university of sheffield university of southampton datashare i2s2 idmb myexperiment sagecite sudamih aggregation archives ark authentication blog cataloguing collection development content management curation data data citation data management data model data set database digital curation digital library e-science eprints framework identifier infrastructure intellectual property interoperability irods linked data linux metadata mobile national library ontologies open access open data operating system persistent identifier preservation preservation metadata provenance rdf repositories research resource description search technology semantic web sharepoint software standards tagging tei text mining twitter video virtual research environment visualisation wiki windows xml Sun, 30 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1611 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Practical Open Source Software for Libraries http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/rafiq-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue66/rafiq-rvw#author1">Muhammad Rafiq</a> takes a look at a work on the open source community and open source software.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v2 inserting author's final edits 2011-02-20-18-44 REW --><!-- v2 inserting author's final edits 2011-02-20-18-44 REW --><p>Open source (OS) usually refers to an application whose source code is made available for use or modification in line with users' needs and requirements. OS projects usually develop in the public domain where contributors participate in a collaborative manner and update or refine the product. OS offers more flexibility and freedom than software purchased with licence restrictions. Both the OS community and the library world share many common principles. They share and promote open standards and believe in sharing.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/rafiq-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue66 review muhammad rafiq cd-rom content management data database digital library digital media drupal dspace dvd firefox graphics instant messaging internet explorer interoperability licence linux moodle open source openoffice operating system podcast repositories research software vufind wiki wordpress Sun, 30 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1617 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Learning with Online and Mobile Technologies http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/whalley-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue65/whalley-rvw#author1">Brian Whalley</a> looks at a student survival aid in the information age that should also be valuable for tutors.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>'Learning with Online and Mobile Technologies' is an example of an ever-increasing range of 'self-help' books for students on a variety of topics relating skills, tips and education. Such books range from 'Critical thinking skills' [<a href="#1">1</a>] to the quite specific, for example, 'Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts and more' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. This offering from Gower/Ashgate comes somewhere in between. It introduces students to the main current technologies and some of the pedagogic devices they might find in modern education.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/whalley-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue65 review brian whalley apple google microsoft queens university belfast wikipedia blog data e-learning ebook higher education ict linux mobile open source openoffice png podcast repositories software usb wiki youtube Fri, 29 Oct 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1601 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: The Art of Community - Building the New Age of Participation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/bremner-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/bremner-rvw#author1">Ed Bremner</a> reviews a work on building and supporting online communities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="The_Preamble">The Preamble</h2> <p>I have been building online 'communities of practice' for about 10 years now. Some have thrived and others not. It started about 10 years ago with the formation of a small association with a shared interest in classic marine heritage. The community operated entirely online, mainly through a forum and we found that, with very little conscious effort, the community quickly grew and thrived. It was quickly taken up as an example of good practice and evidence for what could be achieved within a small community with similar interests and aspirations.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/bremner-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 review ed bremner jisc jisc digital media tasi ukoln university of bath university of cambridge digital media digitisation linux research software Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1579 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: iPad - The Missing Manual http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/whalley-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/whalley-rvw#author1">Brian Whalley</a> reviews a manual to help support your use of an iPad - 'the book that should have been in the box'.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Missing Manual Series, originally written and published by David Pogue has expanded and is now published by O'Reilly, who deal mainly with computer books. Like many other publishers, they have jumped on the 'ibandwagon'. A quick count on Amazon Books gave a dozen similar offerings (excluding developers' guides).</p> <p>This is a review therefore of just one of these paperbacks, and is not a comparative review – with one exception which I shall come to below.</p> <h2 id="Comments">Comments</h2> <p>For writing this review I settled down with the IPad on my knee, Bluetooth keyboard below that and glass of chenin blanc at my right hand – but wondered where to place the volume under review. As yet, nobody has produced a 'skyhook' to hold one or the other. <em>IPad: The Missing Manual (<em>MM</em>)</em> is a little smaller than the iPad itself, about as thick and uses glossy paper with colour illustrations on most pages. In general, each page has a new topic and is organised by basic chapters. <em>Get to know your iPad, Interact with your iPad</em>, etc. They are logical and you can easily flick between them to find the section you need. Not that, with an iPad, you really need to find much. Just plug in applications (apps) and play to find your own way around. This, of course, is typical for Macs of whatever kind. With the iPad however, there is less freedom to find new ways of doing things than with the usual Linux-based Mac OS. The main difficulty is to link up with a computer; fire up iTunes and use this to get started. The basic leaflet that comes with the iPad will tell you all this. Even if you have not used a Mac before, it is fairly intuitive. If you are unsure about the basic operations and included apps, the Apple Web site [<a href="#1">1</a>] gives some short, but informative videos. The Missing Manual elaborates on them. If you have not used an iPhone, or perhaps an IPod before, then the <em>MM</em> helps a bit. If you want to do something, for example, move around the icons of apps on the screen and you don't know what to do, then a brief incursion to the <em>MM</em> is undoubtedly helpful. There is a substantial index to help matters but you may well have picked up the basics from Apple's video tours.</p> <p>At this stage I wanted a 'top up' and went into the kitchen, but I also did an experiment. The weight of iPad on the kitchen scales was 856g; weight of the <em>MM</em> was 427g, ratio, almost exactly 2:1. By a volumetric comparison this is approximately 1: 0.8. The <em>MM</em> is by no means small, so what about information content per volume or mass? Here is another experiment if you have just bought an iPad. First, download the app <em>iCabMobile</em> [<a href="#2">2</a>], this is another browser that can be used instead of, and is rather better than, the bundled Safari. Now download the app <em>GoodReader</em> [<a href="#3">3</a>] and then into the browser type: manuals.info.apple.com/en_US/iPad_User_Guide.pdf [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Lo and behold you have the 'true' missing manual from Apple. Now, in the browser, insert the letter g before http:// of the target URL of the pdf and press 'return'. This downloads the iPad_User_Guide pdf into <em>GoodReader</em>. It is 19MB but should come down easily. You can then browse Apple's free manual in <em>GoodReader</em> as an e-book.</p> <p>Steve Jobs boasts that there are 8,500 apps for the iPad [<a href="#5">5</a>] but which ones are necessary for your Personal Learning Environment? Well, this review (via <em>MacUser</em> [<a href="#6">6</a>], thank you) suggests two very good ones. <em>GoodReader</em> is excellent, you can leaf through the pdf as a book, search it, and so on, so put all your downloaded pdfs there. If you do not use <em>Mobile Me</em> [<a href="#7">7</a>] and if you want to get hold of a pdf (or other) file from your office machine, then use<em> Dropbox</em> [<a href="#8">8</a>] for your office machine and iPad. Upload it in the office and download it to your iPad at leisure. Some apps are mentioned at various places in the <em>MM</em>, but of course more are added all the time so a print-on-paper book is not a good venue for them.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/whalley-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 review brian whalley amazon apple oreilly queens university belfast browser ebook ipad iphone itunes linux mac os mobile safari search technology video youtube Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1582 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: Xerxes at Royal Holloway, University of London http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author1">Anna Grigson</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author2">Peter Kiely</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author3">Graham Seaman</a> and <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author4">Tim Wales</a> describe the implementation of an open source front end to the MetaLib federated search tool.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><p>Rarely is software a purely technical issue, though it may be marketed as 'technology'. Software is embedded in work, and work patterns become moulded around it. Thus the use of a particular package can give rise to an inertia from which it can be hard to break free.</p> <p>Moreover, when this natural inertia is combined with data formats that are opaque or unique to a particular system, the organisation can become locked in to that system, a potential victim of the pricing policies or sluggish adaptability of the software provider. The speed of change in the information world in recent years, combined with the actual or expected crunch in library funding, has made this a particular issue for library management system (LMS) users. While there is general agreement on the direction to take - more 'like Google' - LMS suppliers' moves in this direction can prove both slow and expensive for the user.</p> <p>Open source software has often been suggested as an alternative, but the nature of lock-in means that the jump from proprietary to open system can be all or nothing; in effect too big (and complex) a risk to take. No major UK university libraries have yet moved to Koha, Evergreen, or indeed any open source LMS [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p>The alternative, which brings its own risks, is to take advantage of the pressures on LMS suppliers to make their own systems more open, and to use open source systems 'around the edges' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. This has the particular benefit of creating an overall system which follows the well-established design practice of creating a clean separation of 'view' (typically the Web interface) from 'model' (here the LMS-managed databases) and 'controller' (the LMS core code). The 'view' is key to the user experience of the system, and this separation gives the ability to make rapid changes or to integrate Web 2.0 features quickly and easily, independently of the system back-end. The disadvantage of this approach is that it is relatively fragile, being dependent on the willingness of the LMS supplier to provide a detailed and stable application programming interface (API).</p> <p>There are several current examples of this alternative approach. Some, like the Vufind OPAC, allow the use of plug-ins which adapt the software to a range of different LMSs. Others, like Xerxes, are specialised front-ends to a single system (MetaLib from ExLibris [<a href="#3">3</a>]). This has an impact on evaluating the software: in particular, the pool of active developers is likely to be smaller in the latter case.</p> <h2 id="Royal_Holloway_Library_Services">Royal Holloway Library Services</h2> <p>Within this general context, Royal Holloway Library Services were faced with a specific problem. The annual National Student Survey had given ratings to the Library well below those expected, with many criticisms centred on the difficulty in using the Library's MetaLib federated search system.</p> <p>MetaLib is a key access point to the Library's e-resources, incorporating both A-Z lists of major online databases available to library users, and a federated search tool. Feedback showed that many users found the interface less than satisfactory, with one user commenting that:</p> <blockquote><p><em>'MetaLib is possibly the worst and most confusing library interface I have ever come across'</em></p></blockquote> <p>The Library Management Team decided to remedy this as a matter of urgency and set a deadline of the start of the 2009 Autumn term. There was no funding available to acquire an alternative discovery system so the challenge was to identify a low-cost, quick-win solution for the existing one. With this work in mind, the incoming Associate Director (E-Strategy) had already recruited two new colleagues over the Summer vacation: a systems officer with Web development experience, the other an experienced e-resources manager.</p> <p>The first possible route to the improvement of MetaLib was modification of the existing MetaLib Web interface. This was technically possible but presented several major difficulties: the underlying ExLibris designs were based on the old HTML 4.0 and pre-dated current stylesheet-based design practice; the methods to adapt the designs were opaque and poorly documented, based on numbered variables with semantics that changed depending on context; and perhaps most importantly, the changes were to be made over the summer months, giving no time for user feedback on the details of the changes to be made.</p> <p>The second possibility was the use of Xerxes [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Xerxes offered the advantage of an interface design which had been user-tested on a range of (US) campuses, partially solving the user feedback issue. It was not, however, entirely cost-free, as ExLibris charges an annual maintenance fee for the MetaLib X-server API on which Xerxes depends.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article anna grigson graham seaman peter kiely tim wales google jisc jisc collections kingston university microsoft royal holloway sconul university of london gnu api authentication data database ebook ejournal free software gpl html interoperability library management systems licence linux mysql opac open source php portal refworks repositories research search technology sfx software solaris standards stylesheet vufind web 2.0 web development web services wiki xml xslt Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1525 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk eBooks: Tipping or Vanishing Point? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> investigates ebooks and takes a look at recent technological and business developments in this area.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Due in large part to the appearance since mid-2006 of increasingly affordable devices making use of e-Ink technology (a monochrome display supporting a high-resolution image despite low battery use, since the screen consumes power only during page refreshes, which in the case of ebooks generally represent page turns), the ebook has gone from a somewhat limited market into a real, although presently still niche, contender. Amazon sold 500,000 Kindles in 2008 [<a href="#1">1</a>]; Sony sold 300,000 of its Reader Digital Book model between October 2006 and October 2009. In September 2009, ebooks represented between 1% and 3% of the total US publishing market [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p>Following the JISC National eBooks Observatory Study [<a href="#3">3</a>] in the UK, one participant, David Nicolas, was quoted as stating that ebooks have 'reached the tipping point' [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Keeping in mind Bohr's statement that, 'prediction is very difficult, especially about the future', it's nonetheless safe to say that publicity about these devices is currently at a high point. But for ebook readers, as Figure 1 shows, this is not their first time in the spotlight.</p> <blockquote><p>"A good book has no ending. ~R.D. Cumming"</p></blockquote> <p>This article marks the third time that <em>Ariadne</em> has discussed the subject of ebooks, namely "Ebooks in UK Libraries: Where are we now?" [<a href="#5">5</a>] and "e-Books for the Future: Here But Hiding?" [<a href="#6">6</a>]. There is something very beguiling about the idea of a book that has 'the marvelous chameleon-like quality that it can very quickly be made to substitute for a different printed work by simply loading different content' [<a href="#7">7</a>] - a book that can play the role of a <em>library</em>.</p> <p>As Striphas [<a href="#8">8</a>] points out, the concept of the electronic book, and the exploration of the interaction between the size of a container and the quantity of knowledge held, has an extraordinarily long history. He traces the idea back to the creation of miniature manuscript books, composed of 'tiny handwriting, or micrographia', in the late 15th century, which were functional objects and could be read by means of a magnifying glass.</p> <p>Striphas notes the development of microphotography techniques in the 19th century. This was initially pioneered by John Benjamin Dancer, an optical instrument-maker who combined microscope and camera in order to create the earliest example of microphotography on record [<a href="#9">9</a>]. Luther reports that 'the 21 May 1853 issue of Notes and Queries carried a letter from a Dublin scholar asking "May not photography be usefully applied to the making of catalogues of large libraries?' Microphotography led to the report in the British <em>Photographic Journal</em> of, 'A page of printing, from Quekett's "Treatise on the Microscope", reduced to such size that the whole of the volume of 560 pages could be contained in a space one inch long and half-an-inch broad ' [<a href="#8">8</a>].</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article emma tonkin amazon american library association apple british library google international digital publishing forum iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology microsoft ukoln university of bath university of chicago wikipedia aac access control accessibility adobe android blog bmp cataloguing copyright data digital library doc document format drm ebook epub file format flac flash gif html hypertext infrastructure ipad iphone itunes jpeg jpg linux mis mobi mobile mobile phone mp3 ogg open access operating system plain text png research rtf search technology smartphone software standardisation standards tiff usb windows wireless Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1529 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Fedora UK & Ireland / EU Joint User Group Meeting http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/fedora-eu-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/fedora-eu-rpt#author1">Chris Awre</a> reports on the first coming together of two regional user groups for the Fedora digital repository system, hosted by the University of Oxford in December 2009.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v2. edits from author incorporated into this version - 2010-02-12-22-47 rew --><!-- v2. edits from author incorporated into this version - 2010-02-12-22-47 rew --><p>The Fedora digital repository system [<a href="#1">1</a>] (as opposed to the Fedora Linux distribution, with which there is no connection) is an open source solution for the management of all types of digital content. Its development is managed through DuraSpace [<a href="#2">2</a>], the same organisation that now oversees DSpace, and carried out by developers around the world. The developers, alongside the extensive body of Fedora users, form the community that sustains Fedora.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/fedora-eu-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 event report chris awre bbc duraspace ieee jisc kings college london stanford university technical university of denmark university of edinburgh university of hull university of oxford university of southampton university of virginia bril datashare hydra idmb cloud computing content management data data management database digital repositories dspace e-research e-science eprints fedora commons flickr framework geospatial data gis infrastructure institutional repository linux metadata mobile open source portal qr code rdbms rdf repositories research search technology software usability virtual research environment wiki xml youtube Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1531 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk NSF Workshop on Cyberinfrastructure Software Sustainability http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/nsf-2009-03-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/nsf-2009-03-rpt#author1">Paul Walk</a> reports on a two-day NSF-sponsored workshop held at Indiana University, on 26-27 March 2009.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I was recently invited to attend a 'Software Sustainability Workshop', organised by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and hosted by Indiana University at its University Place Conference Center in Indianapolis. The invitation, which included a call for position papers, described the event as follows:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/nsf-2009-03-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 event report paul walk ibm indiana university johns hopkins university massachusetts institute of technology microsoft national science foundation ncsa sakai ukoln university of bath wikipedia apache cloud computing e-learning e-science framework gpl higher education infrastructure intellectual property licence linux open source operating system provenance repositories research software video Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1478 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Data Preservation and Long-term Analysis in High-Energy Physics http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/dplta-hep-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue58/dplta-hep-rpt#author1">Richard Mount</a> reports on the First Workshop on Data Preservation and Long-Term Analysis in High-Energy Physics, held at DESY (Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron), Hamburg, Germany, on 26-28 January 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/dplta-hep-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue58 event report richard mount cornell university dcc science and technology facilities council slac national accelerator laboratory archives ascii data data set database digital curation framework infrastructure interoperability linux ocr open access operating system portfolio preservation research search technology software standards Fri, 30 Jan 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1457 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Developing the Capability and Skills to Support EResearch http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/henty <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/henty#author1">Margaret Henty</a> provides an Australian perspective on improving the environment in which eResearch is conducted through developing institutional capability and providing appropriate skills training.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The growing capacity of ICT to contribute to research of all kinds has excited researchers the world over as they invent new ways of conducting research and enjoy the benefits of bigger and more sophisticated computers and communications systems to support measurement, analysis, collaboration and publishing. The expanding rate of ICT development is matched by the numbers of people wanting to join in this funfest, by growth in the amount of data being generated, and by demands for new and improved hardware, software, networks, and data storage.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/henty" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article margaret henty american library association australian national university microsoft national science foundation ukoln university of arizona university of bath university of melbourne university of queensland university of sydney dealing with data archives copyright curation data data management data mining database digital library digitisation dublin core e-research e-science gis higher education ict identifier infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property learning objects linux marc metadata open access portal preservation privacy repositories research software tiff video visualisation wiki windows xml Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1388 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Intute Integration http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/joyce-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author1">Angela Joyce</a>, <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author2">Jackie Wickham</a>, <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author3">Phil Cross</a> and <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author4">Chris Stephens</a> describe Intute's ongoing Integration Project, which is promoting and developing integration of Intute content in the UK academic library community.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The evolution of the Web has changed the way that people access information. Web 2.0 technologies have allowed information providers to integrate their services in people's existing online spaces, and users expect to be able to synthesise, edit and customise content for their own specific purposes. Intute, the JISC-funded service that aims to offer the best of the Web for Higher and Further Education, has responded to these changes by developing a variety of integration services which offer flexible ways of delivering its content to users.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/joyce-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article angela joyce chris stephens jackie wickham phil cross amazon cilip google intute jisc microsoft nhs oai ukoln university of bristol university of leeds university of nottingham university of oxford university of the west of england accessibility api blog browser cataloguing cloud computing content management css data database dublin core e-learning facebook firefox further education html internet explorer javascript linux marc metadata mysql oai-pmh open standard perl personalisation php plain text research resource discovery rss search technology software sru standards tag cloud url utf-8 web 2.0 web resources xml z39.50 Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1389 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Implementing Ex Libris's PRIMO at the University of East Anglia http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/lewis <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/lewis#author1">Nick Lewis</a> outlines the University of East Anglia's experience of implementing Ex Libris's Primo, a new search and retrieval interface for presenting the library catalogue and institutional databases and e-resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/lewis" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article nick lewis amazon british library google ifla oai oclc ukoln university of east anglia university of glasgow university of strathclyde aquabrowser worldcat ajax algorithm amazon web services authentication bibliographic data browser cataloguing data data management database digital repositories dublin core ejournal facebook frbr google scholar institutional repository interoperability javascript ldap library management systems linux marc metadata mobile open access portal refworks repositories resource discovery rss search technology sfx shibboleth software solaris standards tagging url web 2.0 web services xml Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1390 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ECDL 2007 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author1">Mahendra Mahey</a>, <a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author2">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author3">Robert John Robertson</a> report on the 2007 European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, held in Budapest, Hungary, over 16-22 September, 2007.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This was the first time this event was held in the majestic and architecturally impressive city of Budapest. It was organised by The Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA SZTAKI) [<a href="#1">1</a>] and held at the Europa Congress Centre.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report emma tonkin mahendra mahey robert john robertson cetis dcc iso jisc ukoln university of bath university of glasgow university of liverpool university of strathclyde university of wales jisc information environment accessibility aggregation controlled vocabularies data database dcmi digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories dspace ebook framework identifier information retrieval information society infrastructure interoperability library management systems linux medical subject headings metadata multimedia ocr ontologies operating system preservation repositories research search technology software tagging thesaurus vocabularies web 2.0 windows wireless xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1357 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Newsline http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="TASI_Workshops_in_November_and_December">TASI Workshops in November &amp; December</h3> <p>There are currently places available on the following Nov/Dec workshops:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 news and events shirley keane ahrc british library cilip cni coalition for networked information dcc deutsches filminstitut emory university google humboldt university berlin imperial college london jisc kings college london mla national library of the netherlands oai oais oclc tasi the national archives ukoln university college london university of bristol university of cambridge university of glasgow university of manchester university of nottingham university of oxford university of southampton datashare jisc information environment repositories research team repositories support project rosa rsp accessibility application profile archives authentication bibliographic data bibliometrics blog cloud computing copyright curation data data mining data set digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories digitisation dissemination dspace e-learning e-research e-science ebook eprints fedora commons foi framework graphics html identifier information society infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability intranet learning objects linked data linux mashup metadata microformats national library open access open data open source operating system personalisation photoshop portal preservation privacy repositories research rss search technology second life semantic web soa social networks software tagging taxonomy usability visualisation web 2.0 wiki windows xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1646 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Citeulike: A Researcher's Social Bookmarking Service http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/emamy-cameron <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/emamy-cameron#author1">Kevin Emamy</a> and <a href="/issue51/emamy-cameron#author2">Richard Cameron</a> describe a tool that helps researchers gather, collect and share papers.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v3 where the ref 4 is suppressed since information on the projects mentioned not provided by publication date: references were re-ordered don to 6 REW --><!-- v3 where the ref 4 is suppressed since information on the projects mentioned not provided by publication date: references were re-ordered don to 6 REW --><p>This article describes Citeulike, a fusion of Web-based social bookmarking services and traditional bibliographic management tools. It discusses how Citeulike turns the linear 'gather, collect, share' process inherent in academic research into a circular 'gather, collect, share and network' process, enabling the sharing and discovery of academic literature and research papers.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/emamy-cameron" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 feature article kevin emamy richard cameron amazon google ieee citeulike wikipedia archives bibliographic data bibliographic database bibliographic record blog browser data data mining data set database google analytics jstor linux metadata opac open source portal research rss search technology social software software standards tagging url web 2.0 web browser web services Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1311 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Towards Virtualisation: A New Approach in Server Management http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/young-thrower <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/young-thrower#author1">Eddie Young</a> provides an account of trials and implementations carried out here after Matt Thrower gives us the background and benefits of employing virtualisation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/young-thrower" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 feature article eddie young ibm massachusetts institute of technology microsoft ukoln university of cambridge apache blog data fedora commons free software infrastructure knowledge base linux open source operating system research search technology software solaris ssh standards wiki windows Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1312 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk KIM Project Conference: Knowledge and Information Management through Life http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/kim-conf-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/kim-conf-rpt#author1">Alex Ball</a> provides an overview of the March 2007 KIM Project Conference.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/kim-conf-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 event report alex ball amazon bbc heriot-watt university imperial college london loughborough university ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of leeds university of oxford university of reading university of salford university of strathclyde didet accessibility archives data digital library dissemination framework knowledge management linux metadata mobile multimedia open source openoffice repositories research search technology software topic map usability video visualisation wiki Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1317 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Curator Tool http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/beresford <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue50/beresford#author1">Philip Beresford</a> tells the story (from The British Library's perspective) of the development of new software to aid all stages of harvesting Web sites for preservation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In September 2006 The National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, The British Library and Sytec, announced the successful development of a Web harvesting management system.</p> <p>The system, known as Web Curator Tool, is designed to assist curators of digital archives in collecting Web-published material for storage and preservation.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/beresford" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue50 feature article philip beresford british library jisc library of congress microsoft national library of australia national library of new zealand national library of wales oracle the national archives wellcome library wellcome trust internet archive apache apache license archives cataloguing collection development content management data database digital archive digital asset management digital repositories dublin core framework heritrix higher education java licence linux metadata mysql national library open source preservation repositories research search technology soap software solaris sql sql server standards tomcat url video warc wayback machine Tue, 30 Jan 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1288 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Video Streaming of Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/tourte-tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/tourte-tonkin#author2">Greg Tourte</a> and <a href="/issue49/tourte-tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> describe the set-up and use of video streaming technology at the IWMW 2006 event.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The recent Institutional Web Management Workshop (<a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/workshops/webmaster-2006/">IWMW 2006</a>) [<a href="#1">1</a>] was a rare opportunity to try out a few new pieces of technology. With events that occur at a different location each year, it is often difficult to do so, since the infrastructure at the venue may not be suitable, and it is difficult to liase effectively with technical staff at the venue before the event in order to put all the necessary technology into place.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/tourte-tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 feature article emma tonkin greg tourte apache software foundation apple bbc ieee microsoft mpeg ukoln university of bath iwmw wikipedia algorithm asf avi cache codec data dvd file format flash flash video gpl graphics h.263 h.264 infrastructure interoperability licence linux mac os mp3 mpeg-1 mpeg-2 mpeg-4 multimedia ogg ogg theora preservation quicktime research software standards streaming theora usability video video codec video encoding web development windows windows media wireless wmv Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1274 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Folksonomies: The Fall and Rise of Plain-text Tagging http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> suggests that rising new ideas are often on their second circuit - and none the worse for that.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Despite the stability of many key technologies underlying today's Internet, venerable workhorses such as TCP/IP and HTTP, the rise of new candidate specifications frequently leads to a sort of collaborative manic depression. Every now and then, a new idea comes along and sparks a wave of interest, the first stage in the Internet hype cycle.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article emma tonkin amazon apple d-lib magazine google jisc massachusetts institute of technology ukoln access control algorithm amazon web services archives ascii blog browser controlled vocabularies copyright data data mining data set database digital repositories document management doi dublin core eprints exif institutional repository interoperability linux metadata microformats mobile mp3 operating system provenance rdf repositories research resource discovery search technology semantic web semiotic simple dublin core software standardisation standards tagging uri usability vocabularies web 2.0 web services windows xhtml Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1233 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk E-Archiving: An Overview of Some Repository Management Software Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Marion Prudlo discusses LOCKSS, EPrints, and DSpace in terms of who uses them, their cost, underlying technology, the required know-how, and functionalities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In recent years initiatives to create software packages for electronic repository management have mushroomed all over the world. Some institutions engage in these activities in order to preserve content that might otherwise be lost, others in order to provide greater access to material that might otherwise be too obscure to be widely used such as grey literature. The open access movement has also been an important factor in this development. Digital initiatives such as pre-print, post-print, and document servers are being created to come up with new ways of publishing.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article mariion prudio d-lib magazine google hewlett-packard massachusetts institute of technology oai queensland university of technology stanford university stm university of pittsburgh university of queensland university of southampton gnu accessibility apache archives bibliographic data cache copyright data data set database digital library digital repositories dspace dublin core ejournal eprints file format gif html identifier java jpg licence linux metadata mysql open access open archives initiative open source openurl operating system perl png preservation preservation metadata rdbms repositories research schema search technology software solaris tomcat url video xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1141 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Installing Shibboleth http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/mcleish <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/mcleish#author1">Simon McLeish</a> describes the experience of Shibboleth installation in a Higher Education environment, and suggests ways to make this experience more user-friendly.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="What_and_Why_Is_Shibboleth">What and Why Is Shibboleth?</h2> <p>One of the major issues that faces all today's Internet users is identity management: how to prove to a Web site that you are who you claim you are, and do so securely enough to prevent someone else being able to convince the Web site that they are you. There are many initiatives attacking the problem, with approaches both technical and legal.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/mcleish" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 tooled up simon mcleish edina eduserv google london school of economics microsoft mimas perseus sdss access control apache archives authentication cookie data fedora commons higher education infrastructure institutional repository ldap licence linux metadata open source passwords portal repositories research saml schema search technology shibboleth software standards tomcat wiki windows xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1148 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Software Choice: Decision-making in a Mixed Economy http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/metcalfe <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/metcalfe#author1">Randy Metcalfe</a> considers the role of free and open source software in UK Further and Higher Education.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Imagine a world where software is free. For the moment, let's not split hairs about this. In this imagined world software costs virtually nothing to obtain. And you are free to do things with this software - free to study how it works (which means getting access to the underlying code, not just the binaries or executables); free to modify that code to suit your needs and/or improve it; free to re-distribute that modified code. And everyone else is free to obtain, study, modify, and redistribute software as well as you.</p> <p>This is not the world you live in.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/metcalfe" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article randy metcalfe jisc oss watch oxford university computing services university of oxford university of strathclyde gnu apache copyright e-government free software gpl higher education information society infrastructure interoperability licence linux open source operating system research software standards Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1110 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk EEVL: Four Search Engines and a Plaque http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/eevl <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/eevl#author1">Roddy MacLeod</a> looks at some recent developments to the EEVL service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>If the title of this column caused you to anticipate a new blockbuster featuring Hugh Grant and Andie MacDowell, then I apologise. It's far more interesting than that!</p> <h2 id="Four_Search_Engines">Four Search Engines</h2> <p>Four new search engines from EEVL make it possible to search the content of over 250 free full-text ejournals in Engineering, Mathematics and Computing. EEVL's Ejournal Search Engines (EESE) are divided according to subject content.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/eevl" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 regular column roddy macleod cilip cranfield university iso jisc university of birmingham eevl archives cataloguing data e-learning ejournal html linux research resource discovery search technology Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1117 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Virtual Rooms, Real Meetings http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/powell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/powell#author1">Andy Powell</a> takes a brief look at VRVS, a desktop video-conferencing tool that can be used to support collaborative activities between groups of geographically distributed researchers.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>As a child I can remember watching an episode of <em>Tomorrow's World</em> (the BBC's weekly popular science programme of the time) [<a href="#1">1</a>] that showed the use of a video phone and how people would soon actually be able to see the person to whom they were talking.&nbsp; "Wow," I thought, "that is the future."</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/powell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 tooled up andy powell bbc jisc ukerna ukoln university of manchester browser further education infrastructure java linux mobile operating system passwords quicktime research software url video videoconferencing windows Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1089 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="headlines"></a> <a name="events"></a><a name="news"></a></p> <h3 id="Hyper_Clumps_Mini_Clumps_and_National_Catalogues..."><a name="events0"></a>Hyper Clumps, Mini Clumps and National Catalogues...</h3> <p>The JISC-funded CC-interop Project completed its work during 2004 and now is holding an event to disseminate the key findings of the project. The project built on the work of the successful eLib Phase 3 "Clumps" projects and investigated three broad areas to inform about interoperability between physical and distributed union catalogues. Find out about:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 news and events richard waller ahds austrian national library becta british library edina jisc kings college london manchester metropolitan university mimas mla museum of london tasi the national archives university of edinburgh university of manchester university of oxford cc-interop elib gnu jisc information environment jorum l2l worldcat aggregation algorithm apache archives atom authentication cataloguing collection development copac copyright data database digital library digital preservation digitisation e-learning ebook framework free software further education gnu lesser general public license groovy html ict infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability knowledge base knowledge management learning objects licence linux mac os metadata multimedia mysql namespace national library openurl perl personalisation portal preservation rdf repositories research resource discovery rss rtf search technology software standards streaming tagging url video windows xml xsl z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1098 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Cornucopia: An Open Collection Description Service http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/turner <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/turner#author1">Chris Turner</a> describes the latest phase of Cornucopia development and the opportunities this is opening up for the future.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="A_Little_History">A Little History</h2> <p>Cornucopia is a searchable database of collections held by cultural heritage institutions throughout the UK. It is developed and managed by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA) and was initially established in response to the Government's <em>Treasures in Trust</em> report which called for a way to be found of recognising the richness and diversity of our collections.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/turner" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 feature article chris turner ahds british library mla oai ukoln elib apache archives browser collection description content management data data set database html ict infrastructure internet explorer interoperability java linux metadata mysql oai-pmh open archives initiative open source php preservation repositories research rslp schema scripting language search technology software sql standards url web browser web services windows wsdl Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1055 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: The Web on Your TV http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> takes a look at a digital TV box which provides Web and email access in your living room.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The potential for use of television for accessing Web resources has been suggested for a number of years without having any significant impact. However the growth in use of digital TV technologies may provide another opportunity for accessing Web and other networked resources from the comfort of your living room.</p> <p>This article introduces the Netgem i-Player digital TV player and describes the implications for Web developers if such devices grow in popularity.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 tooled up brian kelly ukoln university of bath w3c accessibility blog browser css flash further education html javascript linux mp3 operating system standards streaming url usb web browser web resources web standards wiki windows xhtml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1064 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Support Models for Open Source Deployment http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/oss-watch-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/oss-watch-rpt#author1">Sebastian Rahtz</a> and <a href="/issue40/oss-watch-rpt#author2">Randy Metcalfe</a> report on OSS Watch's one-day conference on support models held in London in June 2004.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.oss-watch.ac.uk/">OSS Watch</a>'s [<a href="#1">1</a>] second national conference focused on an often articulated anxiety concerning how an institution will answer the question of support when considering the deployment of open source software. OSS Watch is a pilot advisory service set up by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) to provide UK Higher and Further Education with neutral and authoritative guidance about free and open source software.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/oss-watch-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 event report randy metcalfe sebastian rahtz ibm jisc open university oss watch oxford university computing services sun microsystems university of bristol university of hull university of leeds university of oxford yale university apache content management data e-learning framework further education html interoperability java licence linux open source operating system portal software uportal vle xml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1068 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Seminar_Invitation_from_DEF_-_Danish_Electronic_Research_Library">Seminar Invitation from DEF - Danish Electronic Research Library</h3> <p>The DEF XML Web Services project invites you to participate in the seminar: <strong>Building Digital Libraries with XML Web Services</strong> on Friday 27 August 2004 from 9:30 to 16:00 at the Technical University of Denmark, Building 303, DK-2800 Lyngby.</p> <p>The headlines of the seminar are:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 news and events shirley keane andrew w mellon foundation blackboard cornell university google hefce jisc jisc collections library of congress national library of the netherlands national science foundation newcastle university oai oracle stanford university stm technical university of denmark university college dublin university of bath university of nottingham university of virginia university of wisconsin wellcome trust libportal ndiipp apache archives authority data bibliographic data blog cataloguing content management data database digital archive digital library digital object identifier digital preservation digital repositories digitisation doi dtd e-government e-learning ead eprints fedora commons framework further education higher education html ict identifier information society infrastructure intellectual property interoperability intranet knowledge management licence linux mac os metadata mysql national library ocr ontologies open access open archives initiative open source optical character recognition personalisation php portal preservation repositories research schema search technology semantic web sgml software solaris standardisation standards taxonomy uportal url web services xml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1071 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Through the Web Authoring Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/browning#author1">Paul Browning</a> offers a technical review of new approaches to Web publishing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Web is over ten years old but it has yet to realise the vision of its founder - '.... it should be possible for grandma to take a photo of grandchildren and put it on the web immediately and without fuss ....'[<a href="#1">1</a>]. The Web, for most of its users, remains a read-only medium.</p> <p>The 'Universal Canvas' is a term introduced by Microsoft; two definitions are [<a href="#2">2</a>]:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 tooled up paul browning jisc microsoft ucisa university of bristol apache api browser chrome content management css dhtml dom flash framework ftp higher education html instant messaging internet explorer java javascript licence linux mac os metadata open source operating system passwords perl php plain text plone schema software standards stylesheet telnet url web development widget windows xhtml xml xml schema xslt xul Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1037 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DSpace Vs. ETD-db: Choosing Software to Manage Electronic Theses and Dissertations http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/jones <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/jones#author1">Richard Jones</a> examines the similarities and differences between DSpace and ETD-db to determine their applicability in a modern E-theses service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The <a href="http://www.thesesalive.ac.uk/">Theses Alive!</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] Project, based at Edinburgh University Library and funded under the JISC Fair Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>], is aiming to produce, among other things, a software solution for institutions in the UK to implement their own E-theses or Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) online submission system and repository. In order to achieve this it has been necessary to examine existing packages that may provide all or part of the solution we desire before considering what extra development we may need to do.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/jones" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article richard jones hewlett-packard iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology oai sun microsystems university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus apache archives authentication copyright data database digital library digital preservation document management dspace dublin core electronic theses eprints file format ftp identifier infrastructure institutional repository interoperability java licence linux lucene metadata mysql oai-pmh open archives initiative open source passwords perl preservation programming language repositories research schema scripting language search technology software standards tomcat Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1008 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk OSS Inaugural Conference: Open Source Deployment and Development http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/oss-watch-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/oss-watch-rpt#author1">Sebastian Rahtz</a> and <a href="/issue38/oss-watch-rpt#author2">Randy Metcalfe</a> give an overview of the first conference of the Open Source Advisory Service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.oss-watch.ac.uk/">OSS Watch</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a pilot advisory service set up by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) to provide UK higher and further education with neutral and authoritative guidance about free and open source software and related standards.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/oss-watch-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 event report randy metcalfe sebastian rahtz andrew w mellon foundation ibm jisc microsoft oss watch oxford university computing services ukoln university of bristol university of oxford jisc information environment browser data framework free software further education intellectual property interoperability java licence linux open source operating system portal research resource discovery software uportal video vle web browser windows xml Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1018 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Unicode and Historic Scripts http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/anderson <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/anderson#author1">Deborah Anderson</a> provides us an overview of the progress made in bringing historic scripts to the Unicode Standard.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Many digital versions of texts--whether they be the plays of Aeschylus, or stories from this week's Times--can now be accessed by a worldwide audience, thanks to the Internet and developments in international standards and the computer industry. But while modern newspapers in English and even the Greek plays of Aeschylus can be viewed on the Internet in their original script, reading articles that cite a line of original text in Egyptian hieroglyphs is more problematic, for this script has not yet been included in the international character encoding standard Unicode.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/anderson" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article deborah anderson apple iso university of california berkeley university of chicago gnu accessibility browser character encoding copyright data digital library html internet explorer linux mac os metadata ms word operating system plain text preservation safari software standardisation standards tei unicode url windows xml Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 986 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk