Overview of content related to 'controlled vocabularies' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/12362/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Editorial Introduction to Issue 71 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/editorial2 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/editorial2#author1">The editor</a> introduces readers to the content of <em>Ariadne</em> Issue 71.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>As I depart this chair after the preparation of what I thought would be the last issue of <em>Ariadne</em> [<a href="#1">1</a>], I make no apology for the fact that I did my best to include as much material&nbsp; to her ‘swan song’ as possible. With the instruction to produce only one more issue this year, I felt it was important to publish as much of the content in the pipeline as I could.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/editorial2" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 editorial richard waller amazon birmingham city university digital repository federation jisc loughborough university oclc oregon state university ukoln university for the creative arts university of huddersfield university of oxford university of sussex wellcome library jusp kaptur scarlet accessibility agile development api archives augmented reality authentication big data blog bs8878 cataloguing content management controlled vocabularies curation data data management data set database digital library digitisation diigo ebook educational data mining framework google docs higher education html html5 infrastructure jquery learning analytics metadata mets mobile native apps open access open source portal preservation preservation metadata repositories research search technology software solr standardisation standards sushi tagging twitter url video wcag web 2.0 web app widget xml schema Wed, 17 Jul 2013 19:01:02 +0000 lisrw 2493 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DataFinder: A Research Data Catalogue for Oxford http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/rumsey-jefferies <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/rumsey-jefferies#author1">Sally Rumsey</a> and <a href="/issue71/rumsey-jefferies#author2">Neil Jefferies</a> explain the context and the decisions guiding the development of DataFinder, a data catalogue for the University of Oxford.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In 2012 the University of Oxford Research Committee endorsed a university ‘Policy on the management of research data and records’ [<a href="#1">1</a>]. Much of the infrastructure to support this policy is being developed under the Jisc-funded Damaro Project [<a href="#2">2</a>]. The nascent services that underpin the University’s RDM (research data management) infrastructure have been divided into four themes:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/rumsey-jefferies" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 feature article neil jefferies sally rumsey bodleian libraries datacite jisc orcid uk data archive university of oxford dmponline impact project aggregation algorithm api archives cataloguing controlled vocabularies curation data data citation data management data model data set database digital archive digital library eprints fedora commons identifier infrastructure jacs linked data metadata oai-pmh open access open archives initiative passwords preservation purl rdf repositories research research information management schema search technology semantic web software solr standards uri url vocabularies wireframe xml Thu, 13 Jun 2013 20:23:22 +0000 lisrw 2446 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk JABES 2013 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/jabes-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/jabes-rpt#author1">Marlène Delhaye</a> reports on the two-day annual conference organised by the French Agence Bibliographique de l’Enseignement Supérieur (ABES) held in Montpellier, France over 14-15 May 2013.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In what has now become something of a tradition, the ‘Corum’ Congress Centre in Montpellier, France, hosted the twelfth in the series of the Journées de l’Agence Bibliographique de l’Enseignement Supérieur (ABES - Higher Education Bibliographic Agency) [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/jabes-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 event report marlene delhaye bnf editeur google jisc jisc collections national library of australia oclc orcid universite d’aix-marseille open library worldcat api archives bibliographic data blog cataloguing cloud computing controlled vocabularies data digital object identifier digitisation dissemination doi ebook epub freemium hashtag higher education html identifier infrastructure internet explorer interoperability knowledge base library management systems licence metadata mooc national library open access open data portal privacy repositories research resource description and access standards sushi tagging text mining twitter video web app Mon, 01 Jul 2013 12:11:53 +0000 lisrw 2459 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Powering Search - The Role of Thesauri in New Information Environments http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/will-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/will-rvw#author1">Leonard Will</a> reviews a comprehensive survey of the literature on the use of thesauri in information search processes and interfaces.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><em>Powering Search</em> is a comprehensive review and synthesis of work that has been done over the past 50 years on the use of thesauri to make searching for information more effective. The book does not discuss the principles and practice of construction of information retrieval thesauri in any detail, but concentrates on the search process and on the user interface through which a searcher interacts with a body of information resources. It is written clearly: each chapter begins and ends with a summary of its content, and the first and last chapters summarise the whole book. There are copious references throughout and a full index.</p> <p>As the author says in his conclusion:</p> <blockquote><p>'This book has taken a new approach to thesauri by critiquing the relevant literatures of a variety of communities who share an interest in thesauri and their functions but who are not, it should be noted, closely collaborating at this time – research communities such as library and information science, information retrieval, knowledge organization, human-computer interaction, information architecture, information search behavior, usability studies, search user interface, metadata-enabled information access, interactive information retrieval, and searcher education.'</p> </blockquote> <p>One consequence of these disparate approaches is that terminology varies across communities: there are many interpretations of the meaning of <em>facet, category, keyword </em>or<em> taxonomy</em>, for example, which the author acknowledges, but he then uses these terms without saying precisely what definition he gives them.</p> <h2 id="Information_Search_Processes">Information Search Processes</h2> <p>Chapters 2 and 3 review studies on how people go about searching for information, leading to the perhaps self-evident conclusion that there are two types of approach. If a specific and well-defined piece of information is sought, people will amend and refine their queries in the light of initial results to get closer to what they seek. On the other hand, if the search requirement is less well defined, a browsing or 'berrypicking' approach is adopted to explore a subject area, picking up and assembling pieces of information and changing the destination as the exploration progresses. Both these approaches use an iterative procedure, within which a thesaurus can serve to make a search more precise, in the first case, or to show the broader context, in the second.</p> <p>Chapter 4 deals with thesauri in Web-based search systems, and gives several examples of thesauri in digital libraries, subject gateways and portals, digital archives and linked data repositories. This is one way of grouping these examples, but it is not clear that there is any distinction in principle between the way thesauri can be used in each of them, or indeed in search interfaces to other types of document collections. The main distinction, which is not fully addressed, is whether the information resources being searched have been indexed with terms from the thesaurus being used, or whether the thesaurus is just a source of possible terms for searching the text, and possibly the metadata, of documents. More weight needs to be given to the statement in the introduction to ISO 25964 -1:</p> <blockquote><p>'If both the indexer and the searcher are guided to choose the same term for the same concept, then relevant documents will be retrieved. This is the main principle underlying thesaurus design ...'</p> </blockquote> <p>In fact the book generally talks about <em>terms</em> rather than the approach taken by the current standards of considering unambiguously defined <em>concepts</em>, with terms just serving as convenient labels for these. Each concept may have many labels by which it can be retrieved, including one chosen as <em>preferred</em> for each language covered by the thesaurus.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/will-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 review leonard will ansi cilip iso niso willpower information accessibility controlled vocabularies dewey decimal digital archive digital library graphics information architecture information retrieval interoperability lcsh linked data metadata repositories research search technology standards taxonomy thesaurus url usability visualisation vocabularies Wed, 26 Jun 2013 18:00:00 +0000 lisrw 2451 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 70 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/editorial <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/editorial#author1">The editor</a> introduces readers to the content of <em>Ariadne</em> Issue 70.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Welcome to Issue 70 of <em>Ariadne </em>which is full to the brim with feature articles and a wide range of event reports and book reviews.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/editorial" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 editorial richard waller alt amazon google hefce jisc portico rdwg ukoln university of oxford w3c ark project jisc information environment jusp liparm rdmrose web accessibility initiative wikipedia accessibility aggregation archives bs8878 controlled vocabularies data data management database digital curation digitisation ejournal framework higher education identifier internet explorer jstor licence metadata microsoft reporting services mobile open access perl portal preservation privacy raptor repositories research resource management schema search technology software standardisation standards sushi wcag web resources web services wiki xml xml schema Fri, 14 Dec 2012 14:20:23 +0000 lisrw 2417 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The LIPARM Project: A New Approach to Parliamentary Metadata http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/gartner <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/gartner#author1">Richard Gartner</a> outlines a collaborative project which aims to link together the digitised UK Parliamentary record by providing a metadata scheme, controlled vocabularies and a Web-based interface.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Parliamentary historians in the United Kingdom are particularly fortunate as their key primary source, the record of Parliamentary proceedings, is almost entirely available in digitised form. Similarly, those needing to consult and study contemporary proceedings as scholars, journalists or citizens have access to the daily output of the UK's Parliaments and Assemblies in electronic form shortly after their proceedings take place.</p> <p>Unfortunately, the full potential of this resource for all of these users is limited by the fact that it is scattered throughout a heterogeneous information landscape and so cannot be approached as a unitary resource.&nbsp; It is not a simple process, for instance, to distinguish the same person if he or she appears in more than one of these collections or, for that matter, to identify the same legislation if it is referenced inconsistently in different resources. As a result, using it for searching or for more sophisticated analyses becomes problematic when one attempts to move beyond one of its constituent collections.</p> <p>Finding some mechanism to allow these collections to be linked and so used as a coherent, integrated resource has been on the wish-list of Parliamentary historians and other stakeholders in this area for some time. In the mid-2000s, for instance, the History of Parliament Trust brought together the custodians of several digitised collections to examine ways in which this could be done. In 2011, some of these ideas came to fruition when JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) funded a one-year project named LIPARM (Linking the Parliamentary Record through Metadata) which aimed to design a mechanism for encoding these linkages within XML architectures and to produce a working prototype for an interface which would enable the potential offered by this new methodology to be realised in practice.</p> <p>This article explains the rationale of the LIPARM Project and how it uses XML to link together core components of the Parliamentary record within a unified metadata scheme. It introduces the XML schema, Parliamentary Metadata Language (PML), which was created by the project and the set of controlled vocabularies for Parliamentary proceedings which the project also created to support it.&nbsp; It also discusses the experience of the project in converting two XML-encoded collections of Parliamentary proceedings to PML and work on the prototype Web-based union catalogue which will form the initial gateway to PML-encoded metadata.</p> <h2 id="Background:_The_Need_for_Integrated_Parliamentary_Metadata">Background: The Need for Integrated Parliamentary Metadata</h2> <p>The UK's Parliamentary record has been the focus of a number of major digitisation initiatives which have made its historical corpus available in almost its entirety: in addition, the current publishing operations of the four Parliaments and Assemblies in the UK ensure that the contemporary record is available in machine-readable form on a daily basis. Unfortunately, these collections have limited interoperability owing to their disparate approaches to data and metadata which renders the federated searching and browsing of their contents currently impossible. In addition, the disparity of platforms on which they are offered, and the wide diversity of user interfaces they use to present the data (as shown by the small sample in Figure 1), render extensive research a time-consuming and cumbersome process if it is necessary to extend its remit beyond the confines of a single collection.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Figure 1: Four major collections of Parliamentary proceedings, each using a different interface" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue70-gartner/liparm-figure1.png" style="width: 640px; height: 231px;" title="Figure 1: Four major collections of Parliamentary proceedings, each using a different interface" /></p> <p style="text-align: left; "><strong>Figure 1: Four major collections of Parliamentary proceedings, each using a different interface</strong></p> <p>A more integrated approach to Parliamentary metadata offers major potential for new research: it would, for instance, allow the comprehensive tracking of an individual's career, including all of their contributions to debates and proceedings. It would allow the process of legislation to be traced automatically, voting patterns to be analysed, and the emergence of themes and topics in Parliamentary history to be analysed on a large scale.</p> <p>One example of the linkages that could usefully be made in an integrated metadata architecture can be seen in the career of Sir James Craig, the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland from 1921 to 1940.&nbsp; Figure 2 illustrates some of the connections that could be made to represent his career:-</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Figure 2: Sample of potential linkages for a Parliamentarian" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue70-gartner/figure2-james-craig-v3.jpg" style="width: 640px; height: 331px;" title="Figure 2: Sample of potential linkages for a Parliamentarian" /></p> <p style="text-align: center; "><strong>Figure 2: Sample of potential linkages for a Parliamentarian</strong></p> <p>The connections shown here are to the differing ways in which he is named in the written proceedings, to his tenures in both Houses, the constituencies he represented, the offices he held and the contributions he made to debates. Much more complex relationships are, of course, possible and desirable.</p> <p>The advantages of an integrated approach to metadata which would allow these connections to be made have long been recognised by practitioners in this field, and several attempts have been made to create potential strategies for realising them. But it was only in 2011 that these took more concrete form when a one-day meeting sponsored by JISC brought together representatives from the academic, publishing, library and archival sectors to devise a strategy for integrating Parliamentary metadata. Their report proposed the creation of an XML schema for linking core components of this record and the creation of a series of controlled vocabularies for these components which could form the basis of the semantic linkages to be encoded in the schema [<a href="#1">1</a>]. These proposals then formed the basis of a successful bid to JISC for a project to put them into practice: the result was the LIPARM (Linking the Parliamentary Record through Metadata) Project.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/gartner" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 feature article richard gartner jisc kings college london library of congress national library of wales liparm archives cataloguing controlled vocabularies data digital library digitisation e-research identifier interoperability metadata multimedia national library rdf research research information management schema uri vocabularies xml xml schema Fri, 30 Nov 2012 19:41:15 +0000 lisrw 2391 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Data Science Professionals: A Global Community of Sharing http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/iassist-2011-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p align="left"><a href="/issue68/iassist-2011-rpt#author1">Sylvie Lafortune</a> reports on the 37th annual conference of the International Association for Social Science Information Services and Technology (IASSIST), held over 30 May – 3 June 2011 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The IASSIST [<a href="#1">1</a>] Conference is a long-standing annual event which brings together researchers, statistical analysts as well as computer and information professionals interested in all aspects of research data, from discovery to reuse. This 37<sup>th</sup> meeting spanned five days where participants could attend workshops, IASSIST business meetings and a myriad of presentations. This year, the event focused on the sharing of tools and techniques which ‘improves capabilities across disciplines and along the entire data life cycle’.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/iassist-2011-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 event report sylvie lafortune association of research libraries cessda datacite dcc iassist laurentian university massachusetts institute of technology national science foundation simon fraser university university of alberta yale university data without boundaries ddi algorithm archives controlled vocabularies data data citation data management data set digital repositories e-science framework gis identifier infrastructure lod metadata microdata ms word nesstar ontologies open data open source portal rdf repositories research schema software standards visualisation xml Mon, 27 Feb 2012 19:36:45 +0000 lisrw 2238 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: The Accidental Taxonomist http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/tonkin-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue65/tonkin-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> takes a look at a book on the work of the taxonomist and notes both merits and disappointments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Definitions">Definitions</h2> <p><strong>TAXON''OMY</strong>, n. [Gr. order, and law.] Classification; a term used by a French author to denote the classification of plants.<br />Webster's Revised Dictionary (1828 Edition) [<a href="#1">1</a>]</p> <p><strong>Tax*on"o*my </strong>(?), n. [Gr. an arrangement, order + a law.] That division of the natural sciences which treats of the classification of animals and plants; the laws or principles of classification.<br />Webster's Revised Dictionary (1913 Edition) [<a href="#1">1</a>]</p> <p>Taxonomy</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/tonkin-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue65 review emma tonkin ukoln university of bath university of oxford cataloguing content management controlled vocabularies ontologies research search technology semantic web software tagging taxonomy thesaurus visualisation vocabularies z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1599 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Access, Delivery, Performance - The Future of Libraries Without Walls http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> reviews a Festschrift celebrating the work of Professor Peter Brophy, founder of the Centre for Research in Library and Information Management.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>It is normal in some subject disciplines to publish volumes of edited papers in honour of a respected colleague, usually to mark a significant birthday or career change. The contributors to such Festschriften<a href="#editors-note">*</a> are usually made up of former colleagues or pupils of the person being honoured. This volume celebrates the work of Professor Peter Brophy, the founder of the Centre for Research in Library and Information Management (CERLIM), which since 1998 has been based at the Manchester Metropolitan University. This volume contains twelve chapters written by sixteen contributors, many of them colleagues or ex-colleagues of Professor Brophy.</p> <p>Peter Brophy has had an outstanding career both as a librarian and researcher. Alan MacDougall, Visiting Professor at Manchester Metropolitan University provides an outline in the opening chapter. A career that started at the Library Research Unit at Lancaster University in the early 1970s progressed to professional posts at Strathclyde University and Teeside Polytechnic, before Brophy eventually became Librarian at Bristol Polytechnic. From there, he moved to the University of Central Lancashire in 1989, where in 1993 he set up CERLIM. A selected bibliography of works by Professor Brophy fills eleven pages at the end of the volume, revealing the range and diversity of his research interests over the past few decades.</p> <p>The contexts of the early years of Professor Brophy's career are sketched in more detail in the opening chapter by Michael Buckland, Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. Buckland was a colleague of Brophy's at the Library Research Unit at Lancaster in the early 1970s.This chapter gives a good flavour of how library and information research was undertaken in this time when the libraries at what were then 'new universities' had an active interest in innovation and when almost all library research in the UK was funded by the Office for Scientific and Technical Information of the Department of Education and Science.</p> <h2 id="Libraries_and_e-Learning">Libraries and e-Learning</h2> <p>The remainder of the book is organised into four broad themes. The first covers libraries' role in supporting e-learning. The opening chapter in this section is by Gill Needham and Nicky Whitsed of the Open University. It is a series of reflections on a decade of developing library services for distance learners. Starting with the Follett Report of 1993 [<a href="#1">1</a>], the chapter identifies three main phases in the Open University's approach to delivering services to around 200,000 students and 8,000 tutors. The first phase was concerned with fairness; knowing exactly when to introduce online services at a time when a majority of Open University students did not have access to the relevant technologies or skills and when many tutors were reluctant to change their traditional ways of working. Responses to this included the development of library-mediated collections of quality-controlled Internet resources, supplemented by an online skills tutorial focused on generic information skills. Despite all of this, actual use of online resources remained relatively low (p. 30). The second phase, therefore, was mainly about integrating online services more deeply into the core learning activities of courses. The focus switched to the training of tutors and the integration of information resources within the university's emerging virtual learning environment (VLE), based on Moodle. In the interim, a pilot project using the open source MyLibrary software was found to be useful in helping to integrate library services into the learning experiences of individual students. The third phase - which Needham and Whitsed note is still ongoing - concerns the embedding of information literacy and resource-based learning concepts within the university more widely. The chapter ends with some comments on the, perhaps inevitable, tension between the 'invisible library' – 'quietly and strategically … [insinuating] resources and services into all those places where they have the most impact' - and the need to defend library budgets and status within the wider institution (pp. 35-36).</p> <p>The following chapter, by Professor David Baker of the University College Plymouth St Mark and St John, is a general overview of the development of e-learning technologies in UK Higher Education over the past decade. Starting again with Follett, Baker explains how e-learning concepts and technologies have been taken up, focusing in particular on the facilitating role taken by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) in providing a national-level approach to the provision of both infrastructure (e.g., networks, access management tools) and content. In addition, the chapter refers to a number of JISC-funded programmes and initiatives focused on breaking down the barriers that prevent the sharing and re-use of e-learning content. The final sections look at some wider factors influencing the current transformation of learning, teaching and assessment practices. These include the need to integrate institutional services like VLEs with the generic social networking tools and mobile devices familiar to new generations of learners. However, successful integration is not just a matter of technology but of overcoming cultural differences. Baker uses a synthesis of the JISC-funded Learner Experiences of e-Learning projects [<a href="#2">2</a>] to note that there might have been 'an increasing "divide" between the needs, expectations and wishes of the learners and the expectations of the teachers, who were more "traditional" and perhaps not engaged with e-learning in the same way' (p. 49).</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 review michael day british library cerlim google jisc manchester metropolitan university mla open university oreilly rnib talis ukoln university of bath university of brighton university of california berkeley university of central lancashire victoria university w3c jisc information environment web accessibility initiative accessibility archives bibliographic data cataloguing controlled vocabularies digital library e-learning facebook flickr framework higher education infrastructure knowledge management metadata mobile moodle open source preservation repositories research semantic web software vle vocabularies wcag web 2.0 Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1580 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Information Science in Transition http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> reviews an edited volume published to commemorate the founding of the Institute of Information Scientists in 1958.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v3. 2010-05-19-13-35 REW updating with minor edits from author --><!-- v3. 2010-05-19-13-35 REW updating with minor edits from author --><p>Until it joined with the Library Association in 2002 to form the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP), the Institute of Information Scientists was a professional organisation for those primarily working in scientific and technical information work. The chapters in this volume were first published in 2008 as a special issue of the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> to commemorate the founding of the institute in 1958. In accordance with this, many of the chapters provide a retrospective - sometimes even anecdotal - overview of developments in information science in the UK since the 1950s. While the approach of the volume is thematic, a major focus is on key initiatives and individuals, the latter including such luminaries as Jason Farradane, Cyril Cleverden and Karen Spärk Jones.</p> <p>Following a guest editorial by Brian Vickery, there are sixteen chapters in the book. While each chapter stands alone, conceptually the volume moves - with some exceptions - from largely retrospective reviews of past progress in information science by scholars of the older generation to overviews of current trends and technologies by their younger colleagues. Vickery's editorial tries to place information science in its historical context, explaining how the advent of digital computers and the Internet has transformed the discipline dramatically while simultaneously making its future more uncertain. This is also a view articulated by several of the volume contributors.</p> <p>The opening chapter is an attempt by Jack Meadows to discern the main research themes in UK information science over the past 50 years. A survey of the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> and other journals showed that the predominant theme was information retrieval, but that there was also important research being undertaken into information seeking, communication and bibliometrics. The chapter also tries to delineate some of the factors affecting information science research in the UK, for example noting the negative consequences of the demise of the old British Library Research and Development Department in the 1990s [<a href="#1">1</a>]. He concludes, however, on a positive note, pointing out that 'activities that were relatively marginal decades ago - such as automated information retrieval - are now at the heart of major growth industries' (p. 17). He also notes that the widening interest in information science concepts has brought in researchers from other disciplines - which is probably one of the key lessons of the whole book. In the second chapter, David Bawden (City University) again uses the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> as a means of exploring the development of the information science discipline itself, focusing on the underlying philosophical bases of the subject proposed by scholars like Bertie Brookes and Jason Farradane.</p> <p>The third chapter is by Stella Dextre Clarke. This is a retrospective of fifty years of knowledge organisation work in the information science domain that takes a partly anecdotal approach, attempting to illustrate 'how it felt to work in those times' (p. 45). Perhaps the best aspect of this is that it enables Dextre Clarke to give the reader a feel for what information retrieval could be like in the card-based pre-computer age. The chapter opens with a brief overview of the state of subject classification in the late 1950s, noting the continued practical predominance of enumerative schemes like the Dewey Decimal Classification while the theoreticians S. R. Ranganathan and Henry E. Bliss were still working away developing their (then) revolutionary ideas of 'faceted classification.' The focus then changes to the development of thesauri, noting the importance of Jean Aitchison's pioneering work on thesaurus construction. Dextre Clarke then provides a very brief overview of the role of controlled vocabularies in the early information retrieval tests conducted as part of the Aslib-Cranfield Research Project, a topic covered in more detail in the following chapter. Finally, moving to the present day, Dextre Clarke notes the continued importance of controlled vocabularies in the form of taxonomies and provides some pointers for a future Semantic Web.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 review michael day british library cilip edinburgh napier university indiana university library association london school of economics loughborough university microsoft stm ukoln university of bath university of brighton university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of manchester university of sheffield university of wolverhampton citeulike bibliographic data bibliometrics blog controlled vocabularies copyright data data mining data set database dewey decimal digital library ejournal facebook flickr ict information retrieval institutional repository metadata national library open access privacy repositories research rss second life semantic web social software standards thesaurus twitter vocabularies web 2.0 wiki youtube Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1555 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Content Architecture: Exploiting and Managing Diverse Resources http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/isko-2009-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue60/isko-2009-rpt#author1">Jane Stevenson</a> gives a personal view of the recent UK conference organised by the International Society of Knowledge Organization.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/isko-2009-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue60 event report jane stevenson bbc coalition for networked information google microsoft mimas oracle university college london university of cambridge university of manchester archives hub dbpedia wikipedia algorithm api archives browser cloud computing controlled vocabularies data data set database digitisation e-research framework identifier infrastructure infrastructure as a service knowledge base linked data lod metadata microsoft office multimedia ontologies open data rdf research resource description search technology semantic web software uri vocabularies wordpress xml Wed, 29 Jul 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1499 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="events1"></a></p> <h2 id="JISC_Digital_Media_Course:_Introduction_to_Image_Metadata">JISC Digital Media Course: Introduction to Image Metadata</h2> <p>ILRT, 8-10 Berkeley Square, Bristol, BS8 1HH<br />Wednesday 9 December 2009<br />Full-day course: 10.00 - 16.30<br /><a href="http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/training/courses/introduction-to-image-metadata/">http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/training/courses/introduction-to-image-metadata/</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue60 news and events richard waller american library association british library cni coalition for networked information elsevier google hefce ifla ilrt information today intranet focus ltd jisc jisc digital media loughborough university massachusetts institute of technology ukoln university of cambridge university of oxford university of sussex archives bibliographic data cataloguing controlled vocabularies copyright database digital media digitisation drm dspace google wave higher education intellectual property intranet licence metadata multimedia ogg open source operating system owl portal preservation privacy repositories research search technology semantic web sharepoint software streaming tagging video vle vocabularies xml Wed, 29 Jul 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1501 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="events1"></a></p> <h3 id="Digital_Preservation_The_Planets_Way">Digital Preservation – The Planets Way</h3> <p>Royal Library Copenhagen, Denmark<br />22-24 June 2009<br /><a href="http://www.planets-project.eu/events/copenhagen-2009/">http://www.planets-project.eu/events/copenhagen-2009/</a></p> <p>Does your organisation know what to preserve digitally for the future? Do you want to discuss your strategies for digital preservation with colleagues and experts? Do you know how to preserve your collections for the future? Do you know which tools and services to use for this?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 news and events richard waller amazon city university london cni coalition for networked information dcc duraspace elsevier information today intute jisc jisc collections loughborough university mla oclc oucs oxford university computing services research information network science and technology facilities council the national archives tilburg university ukoln university college london university of california berkeley university of cambridge university of glamorgan university of oxford entag jisc information environment jorum aggregation archives blog cataloguing content management controlled vocabularies data database dewey decimal digital curation digital library digital preservation dissemination dspace e-learning e-research e-science fedora commons higher education html information retrieval infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability linked data mashup metadata mobile multimedia ontologies open access open source podcast portal portfolio preservation repositories research resource discovery schema search technology semantic web social software software standards tagging tei url usability vocabularies web 2.0 web app web resources wiki xml Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1479 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The European Film Gateway http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/eckes-segbert <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue58/eckes-segbert#author1">Georg Eckes</a> and <a href="/issue58/eckes-segbert#author2">Monika Segbert</a> describe a Best Practice Network funded under the eContentplus Programme of the European Commission, which is building a portal for access to film archival resources in Europe.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The European Film Gateway (EFG) [<a href="#1">1</a>] is one in a series of projects funded by the European Commission, under the eContent<em>plus</em> Programme, with the aim of contributing to the development and further enhancement of Europeana - the European digital library, museum and archive [<a href="#2">2</a>]. Officially launched on 20 November 2008, the prototype Europeana service provides access to about four million digital objects from archives, audio-visual archives, museums and libraries across Europe.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/eckes-segbert" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue58 feature article georg eckes monika elbert deutsches filminstitut google iso mpeg oai europeana aacr2 accessibility aggregation archives cataloguing cidoc-crm controlled vocabularies copyright crm data database digital library digital media digitisation dublin core ead framework frbr identifier infrastructure intellectual property interoperability metadata oai-pmh open source p/meta portal preservation repositories request for comments research resource description and access rfc schema search technology software sru standardisation standards tagging unicode vocabularies z39.50 Fri, 30 Jan 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1453 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group Annual Conference http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/cig-2008-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/cig-2008-rpt#author1">Christina Claridge</a> reports on the conference, held 3-5 September 2008, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/cig-2008-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 event report christina claridge amazon bbc british library cilip dnb glasgow school of art intute nhs royal college of music talis ukoln university of huddersfield university of pennsylvania university of strathclyde university of warwick aida aacr2 archives bibliographic data cataloguing cloud computing controlled vocabularies copyright data digital library flickr framework frbr identifier information architecture interoperability lcsh library management systems librarything marc metadata national library portal rdf research resource description resource description and access schema search technology semantic web skos standards subject heading tag cloud tagging tgn thesaurus udc vocabularies Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1437 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Lost in the JISC Information Environment http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/ross <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/ross#author1">Tony Ross</a> gives a personal reflection on his intellectual struggle to comprehend the JISC Information Environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/ross" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 feature article tony ross intute jisc ukoln university of bath university of strathclyde dner jisc information environment authority data blog cataloguing controlled vocabularies data digital library higher education infrastructure intellectual property internet explorer interoperability metadata metadata schema registry portal research resource discovery schema search technology thesaurus visualisation vocabularies web 2.0 web services Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1411 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A DRY CRIG Event for the IE Demonstrator http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/ie-testbed-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/ie-testbed-rpt#author1">Paul Walk</a> reports on an 'unconference' for developers working in and around the JISC Information Environment and institutional systems, hosted by UKOLN at the University of Bath in June 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/ie-testbed-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 event report paul walk aberystwyth university edina google jisc mimas oai ordnance survey ukoln university of bath university of edinburgh university of glamorgan university of manchester university of strathclyde jisc information environment api blog controlled vocabularies data data set database digital library geospatial data gis handle system higher education identifier infrastructure institutional repository internet explorer interoperability java lcsh licence metadata oai-ore persistent identifier preservation privacy python repositories research restful search technology semantic web skos soap software url vocabularies web services Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1416 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk KIM Project Conference 2008 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/kim-conf-2008-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Alexander Ball provides an overview of the Knowledge and Information Management Through Life Project Conference held in April, 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/kim-conf-2008-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 event report alex ball harvard university heriot-watt university imperial college london loughborough university ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of lancaster university of leeds university of reading university of strathclyde archives controlled vocabularies data database dublin core framework identifier infrastructure intranet knowledge base knowledge management repositories research rfid software text mining video vocabularies xml xslt Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1393 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="UKeiG_Courses_over_May_October_2008"><a name="events1"></a>UKeiG Courses over May – October 2008</h3> <h4 id="Searching_the_Internet:_Google_and_Beyond">Searching the Internet: Google and Beyond</h4> <p>Karen Blakeman<br />Friday 16 May 2008<br />University of Liverpool<br /><a href="http://www.ukeig.org.uk/training/2008/May/beyondgoogle.html">http://www.ukeig.org.uk/training/2008/May/beyondgoogle.html</a></p> <h4 id="Searching_the_Internet:_Google_and_Beyond-1">Searching the Internet: Google and Beyond</h4> <p>Karen Blakeman<br />Wednesday 11 June 2008<br />King's College London, Guy's Campus<br /><a href="http://www.ukeig.org.uk/training/2008/June/beyondgoogle.html">http://www.ukeig.org.uk/training/2008/June/beyondgoogle.html</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 news and events richard waller arl association of research libraries cilip cni coalition for networked information dcc google ieee imperial college london information today intute jisc kansas state university kings college london microsoft mla national e-science centre national library of the netherlands national science foundation oai oasis portico sakai school of oriental and african studies sherpa tilburg university university of aberdeen university of hull university of liverpool university of manchester university of nottingham vads wellcome trust digital academic repositories iesr iwmw repomman ridir archives authentication blog cataloguing cdwa controlled vocabularies copyright creative commons curation data database ddc digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories dublin core e-government e-learning e-research e-science fedora commons framework further education higher education html ict information retrieval interoperability intranet lcsh licence lom metadata multimedia national library oai-ore oasis saml ontologies open access open source personalisation portfolio preservation privacy repositories research saml search technology second life semantic web sharepoint shibboleth skos soap software srw standards tagging thesaurus url video visualisation vocabularies web 2.0 web development web resources web services wordnet youtube Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1398 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Collaborative and Social Tagging Networks http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/tonkin-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author1">Emma Tonkin</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author2">Edward M. Corrado</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author3">Heather Lea Moulaison</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author4">Margaret E. I. Kipp</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author5">Andrea Resmini</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author6">Heather D. Pfeiffer</a> and <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author7">Qiping Zhang</a> gather a series of international perspectives on the practice of social tagging of documents within a community context.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Social tagging, which is also known as collaborative tagging, social classification, and social indexing, allows ordinary users to assign keywords, or tags, to items. Typically these items are Web-based resources and the tags become immediately available for others to see and use. Unlike traditional classification, social tagging keywords are typically freely chosen instead of using a controlled vocabulary.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/tonkin-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 feature article andrea resmini edward m. corrado emma tonkin heather d. pfeiffer heather lea moulaison margaret e. i. kipp qiping zhang amazon college of new jersey d-lib magazine google iso long island university new mexico state university rutgers university ukoln university of cambridge university of illinois citeulike aggregation blog cloud computing controlled vocabularies data data set digital library framework hypertext information architecture information retrieval interoperability knowledge management metadata mobile phone multimedia ontologies research search technology social networks software standards subject heading tag cloud tagging technorati thesaurus usability video vocabularies web 2.0 wiki Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1372 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The National Centre for Text Mining: A Vision for the Future http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ananiadou <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/ananiadou#author1">Sophia Ananiadou</a> describes NaCTeM and the main scientific challenges it helps to solve together with issues related to deployment, use and uptake of NaCTeM's text mining tools and services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>One of the defining challenges of e-Science is dealing with the data deluge [<a href="#1">1</a>] information overload and information overlook. More than 8,000 scientific papers are published every week (on Google Scholar, for example). Without sophisticated new tools, researchers will be unable to keep abreast of developments in their field and valuable new sources of research data will be under-exploited. The capability of text mining (TM) to find knowledge hidden in text and to present it in a concise form makes it an essential part of any strategy for addressing these problems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ananiadou" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 feature article sophia ananiadou google ibm jisc microsoft university of manchester blog controlled vocabularies data data management data mining database digital library doi e-learning e-research e-science framework google scholar identifier information retrieval infrastructure intellectual property interoperability knowledge management machine learning metadata named entity recognition natural language processing ontologies open access open source portal repositories research search technology semantic web social networks software text mining uima usability visualisation vocabularies web services Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1347 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DC 2007 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/dc-2007-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/dc-2007-rpt#author1">Ann Apps</a> reports on DC2007, the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, held 27-31 August 2007 in Singapore.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The main theme of this year's international conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications was 'Application Profiles: Theory and Practice' [<a href="#1">1</a>]. The conference was hosted by the Singapore National Library Board and held in the Intercontinental Hotel, which was across the road from the superb National Library building.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/dc-2007-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report ann apps fao iso jisc mimas national library of new zealand niso oclc university of manchester w3c jisc information environment accessibility application profile archives collection description controlled vocabularies data dcap dcmi digital object identifier digital repositories doi domain model dublin core dublin core metadata initiative framework identifier infrastructure interoperability knowledge management metadata metadata schema registry national library ontologies owl preservation provenance rdf research resource description and access schema semantic web service registry software standards tagging topic map urn video vocabularies web standards wiki xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1354 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ECDL 2007 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author1">Mahendra Mahey</a>, <a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author2">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author3">Robert John Robertson</a> report on the 2007 European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, held in Budapest, Hungary, over 16-22 September, 2007.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This was the first time this event was held in the majestic and architecturally impressive city of Budapest. It was organised by The Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA SZTAKI) [<a href="#1">1</a>] and held at the Europa Congress Centre.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report emma tonkin mahendra mahey robert john robertson cetis dcc iso jisc ukoln university of bath university of glasgow university of liverpool university of strathclyde university of wales jisc information environment accessibility aggregation controlled vocabularies data database dcmi digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories dspace ebook framework identifier information retrieval information society infrastructure interoperability library management systems linux medical subject headings metadata multimedia ocr ontologies operating system preservation repositories research search technology software tagging thesaurus vocabularies web 2.0 windows wireless xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1357 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The KIDMM Community's 'MetaKnowledge Mash-up' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/kidmm-rpt#author1">Conrad Taylor</a> reports on the KIDMM knowledge community and its September 2007 one-day conference about data, information and knowledge management issues.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="About_KIDMM">About KIDMM</h2> <p>The British Computer Society [<a href="#1">1</a>], which in 2007 celebrates 50 years of existence, has a self-image around engineering, software, and systems design and implementation. However, within the BCS there are over fifty Specialist Groups (SGs); among these, some have a major focus on 'informatics', or the <em>content</em> of information systems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report conrad taylor anglia ruskin university bsi google library of congress nhs ordnance survey the national archives ukoln university of bolton university of london university of manchester wikipedia adobe algorithm archives ascii born digital browser cataloguing controlled vocabularies csv cybernetics data data management data mining data set database digital archive digital asset management dublin core e-government e-learning ead eportfolio foia framework geospatial data gis google maps identifier information retrieval information society interoperability location-based services metadata mis named entity recognition ontologies portfolio preservation provenance repositories research search technology sgml software standards tagging text mining thesaurus vocabularies wiki xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1358 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Information Architecture for the World Wide Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/doyle-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/doyle-rvw#author1">Keith Doyle</a> reviews the 3rd edition of the primary reference book for practising in-house staff and consultants responsible for the development of institutional information architecture.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Information architecture helps people find the information they want, whether it's a prospective student looking for a course, or staff using the intranet. It is mostly concerned with how people browse and search the institutional Web site, and with how knowledge is shared. People working in information architecture are likely to be responsible for institutional Web strategy; global links on the corporate template; the institutional search engine, site map and index; institutional analytics; portals and primary stakeholder home pages; content management and content management systems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/doyle-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 review keith doyle university of salford blog content management controlled vocabularies information architecture intranet metadata research search technology software tagging taxonomy thesaurus vocabularies wireframe Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1322 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk GROW: Building a High-quality Civil Engineering Learning Object Repository and Portal http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/yan-han <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/yan-han#author1">Yan Han</a> provides a general overview of the Geotechnical, Rock and Water Digital Library (GROW), a learning object repository and peer-reviewed civil engineering Web portal.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/yan-han" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 feature article yan han ieee national science foundation oai university of arizona jisc information environment wikipedia accessibility archives controlled vocabularies data digital library dissemination dublin core flash instructional design interoperability learning objects metadata multimedia portal repositories research search technology standards subject heading taxonomy video vocabularies web portal web resources Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1272 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DC 2006: Metadata for Knowledge and Learning http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/dc-2006-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/dc-2006-rpt#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue49/dc-2006-rpt#author2">Rachel Heery</a>, <a href="/issue49/dc-2006-rpt#author3">Pete Johnston</a> and <a href="/issue49/dc-2006-rpt#author4">Rosemary Russell</a> report on DC 2006, the sixth international conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, held 3 - 6 October 2006.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/dc-2006-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 event report julie allinson pete johnston rachel heery rosemary russell bnf british library cclrc cetis cilip cornell university eduserv ieee iso jisc ukoln university of bath university of oregon agrovoc jisc information environment aacr2 accessibility application profile archives bibliographic data blog cataloguing collection description controlled vocabularies data database dcmi digital archive digital library dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning eprints framework frbr ieee lom institutional repository interoperability javascript json lcsh learning object metadata learning objects lom marc metadata metadata model mods national library ontologies open access owl plain text preservation repositories research resource description and access schema search technology semantic web simple dublin core skos social networks software standards tagging uml vocabularies web app xml xml schema Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1277 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Immaculate Catalogues, Indexes and Monsters Too... http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/cig-2006-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/cig-2006-rpt#author1">David E. Bennett</a> reports on the three day residential CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group Annual Conference, University of East Anglia, during September 2006.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Restful accommodation and pleasant food prepared the delegates for the carefully balanced mix of social networking sessions and challenging seminars. Everyone was extremely friendly and most proved to be erudite socialites, networking in some cases with great assertiveness and sense of purpose.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/cig-2006-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 event report david e. bennett british library cilip goldsmiths college imperial college london loughborough university the national archives university of london university of manchester university of oxford aimss suncat aacr2 accessibility aggregation algorithm application profile archives ascii bibliographic data bibliographic record cataloguing controlled vocabularies database digital archive digital library e-government e-learning framework identifier interoperability isbd marc metadata multimedia ocr onix ontologies opac portal rae rdf repositories research resource description resource description and access resource discovery restful search technology semantic web software standards tagging taxonomy thesaurus unicode usability video vocabularies web resources xml z39.50 Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1279 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Foundation for Automatic Digital Preservation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/ferreira-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author1">Miguel Ferreira</a>, <a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author2">Ana Alice Baptista</a> and <a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author3">Jose Carlos Ramalho</a> propose a Service-Oriented Architecture to help cultural heritage institutions to accomplish automatic digital preservation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Efforts to archive a large amount of digital material are being developed by many cultural heritage institutions. We have evidence of this in the numerous initiatives aiming to harvest the Web [<a href="#1">1-5</a>] together with the impressive burgeoning of institutional repositories [<a href="#6">6</a>]. However, getting the material inside the archive is just the beginning for any initiative concerned with the long-term preservation of digital materials.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/ferreira-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article ana alice baptista jose carlos ramalho miguel ferreira carnegie mellon university d-lib magazine dcc digital preservation coalition google harvard university ieee ifla library of congress oais oasis oclc premis the national archives university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of minho crib reposit algorithm archives ascii bibliographic data controlled vocabularies data data set database digital archive digital curation digital library digital media digital preservation digital record object identification digital repositories dissemination document format drm droid dspace dublin core eprints fedora commons file format framework google trends graphics identifier interoperability java jstor knowledge base licence metadata open source operating system preservation preservation metadata repositories research semantic web service oriented architecture service registry soa soap software standards taxonomy uddi video vocabularies wayback machine web services wsdl xml Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1254 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Folksonomies: The Fall and Rise of Plain-text Tagging http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> suggests that rising new ideas are often on their second circuit - and none the worse for that.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Despite the stability of many key technologies underlying today's Internet, venerable workhorses such as TCP/IP and HTTP, the rise of new candidate specifications frequently leads to a sort of collaborative manic depression. Every now and then, a new idea comes along and sparks a wave of interest, the first stage in the Internet hype cycle.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article emma tonkin amazon apple d-lib magazine google jisc massachusetts institute of technology ukoln access control algorithm amazon web services archives ascii blog browser controlled vocabularies copyright data data mining data set database digital repositories document management doi dublin core eprints exif institutional repository interoperability linux metadata microformats mobile mp3 operating system provenance rdf repositories research resource discovery search technology semantic web semiotic simple dublin core software standardisation standards tagging uri usability vocabularies web 2.0 web services windows xhtml Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1233 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Mobile Blogs, Personal Reflections and Learning Environments: The RAMBLE Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/trafford <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue44/trafford#author1">Paul Trafford</a> describes how mobile blogs for personal reflection may be related to institutional learning environments, drawing on experiences from the RAMBLE Project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Public participation in the Internet has continued to boom, aided in no small measure by the 'weblog' (or, simply, 'blog'), one of the most accessible means of online publication, a term that is rapidly entering common parlance. Blogs are authored by people from many walks of life and are of many kinds: for instance, Penny Garrod has shown how they can support reading groups and community links, such as news from local councillors [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/trafford" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue44 feature article paul trafford bbc blackboard ims jisc microsoft university of oxford bewt ples access control aggregation atom authentication blog browser cache controlled vocabularies data e-learning framework higher education html ims enterprise infrastructure mobile open source operating system privacy rdf research rss search technology sms software stylesheet syndication video vle vocabularies wireless xml xslt Fri, 29 Jul 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1166 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Are Your Terms? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/johnston <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/johnston#author1">Pete Johnston</a> introduces the JISC Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry (IEMSR) Project and examines some of the challenges it is facing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The JISC Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry (<a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/projects/iemsr/">IEMSR</a>) Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] is funded by JISC through its Shared Services Programme to develop a metadata schema registry as a pilot shared service for the JISC Information Environment (JISC IE). Partners in the project are UKOLN, University of Bath and the Institute for Learning and Research Technology (ILRT), University of Bristol.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/johnston" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article pete johnston becta cetis d-lib magazine ieee ilrt jisc oai ukoln university of bath university of bristol w3c dner iemsr iesr jisc information environment aggregation api application profile archives cataloguing collection description controlled vocabularies data data model data set database dcmi dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning framework higher education internet explorer interoperability java learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata metadata schema registry mysql namespace oai-pmh open archives initiative portal provenance rdf rdfs redland research resource description resource discovery rslp schema search technology service registry simple dublin core soap software sparql standards uk lom core vocabularies xml xml schema Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1143 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Metadata for Information Management and Retrieval http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/guy-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/guy-rvw#author1">Marieke Guy</a> takes a look at a recent introduction to metadata for the information professional.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Anyone scaling the heights of metadata for the management and retrieval of digital information for the first time can be forgiven a degree of initial bewilderment. The same goes for this article, so a glossary of terms found here are offered in the spirit of saving readers' time [<a href="#1">1</a>]. David Haynes' book appears to go a long way to guiding its explorers through the foothills and beyond in this complete introduction to the subject for the information professional.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/guy-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 review marieke guy american library association cilip ieee oais oasis ukoln algorithm bibliographic data cataloguing controlled vocabularies data data model dublin core e-government ead framework frbr gif graphics identifier ieee lom information retrieval interoperability learning object metadata learning objects lom marc metadata mets multimedia onix rdf research resource description semantic web sgml standards vocabularies xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1156 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The National Centre for Text Mining: Aims and Objectives http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/ananiadou <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author1">Sophia Ananiadou</a>, <a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author2">Julia Chruszcz</a>, <a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author3">John Keane</a>, <a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author4">John McNaught</a> and <a href="/issue42/ananiadou#author5">Paul Watry</a> describe NaCTeM's plans to provide text mining services for UK academics.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In this article we describe the role of the National Centre for Text Mining (NaCTeM). NaCTeM is operated by a consortium of three Universities: the University of Manchester which leads the consortium, the University of Liverpool and the University of Salford. The service activity is run by the National Centre for Dataset Services (MIMAS), based within Manchester Computing (MC).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/ananiadou" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article john keane john mcnaught julia chruszcz paul watry sophia ananiadou jisc massachusetts institute of technology mimas nhs university of cambridge university of liverpool university of manchester university of salford university of tokyo gnu algorithm archives bibliographic data cache cataloguing controlled vocabularies crm curation data data mining data set database digital library dissemination framework identifier information retrieval internet explorer knowledge management machine learning medical subject headings metadata named entity recognition national library natural language processing ontologies open access open source portal repositories research search technology semantic web software standards text mining vocabularies web services Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1111 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Librarian's Experience of E-Government http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/inman <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/inman#author1">Jane Inman</a> describes the route she has taken as a librarian through the expanding landscape of e-government and highlights the skills librarians can bring to this arena.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>E-Government is essentially about improving service delivery in central and local government. Our customers expect a level of service and access to services, which is effective, efficient and convenient. They want to be able to make contact with government at a time and in a way which fits in with their lives. In order to deliver excellent public services in customer-focused ways we have to use the available technology to its very best advantage.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/inman" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article jane inman american library association cilip warwickshire county council cataloguing controlled vocabularies database e-government foi foia information architecture metadata sms thesaurus vocabularies web development Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1114 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Recasting the Past: Digital Histories http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/digi-histories-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/digi-histories-rpt#author1">Vanessa Carr</a> reports on a one day conference about digitising historical records, held jointly by the Association for History and Computing UK and the Royal Historical Society.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>For the last three years the RHS has held a seminar in memory of Gerald Aylmer, the purpose of which is an exchange of ideas between historians and archivists. Digitisation was to be the subject for 2004. The AHC proposing a conference on the same subject, the two bodies came together to present this joint event. The format of the conference was that of four sessions, each with two panels, except for the last. I attended Panel A in each instance.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/digi-histories-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 event report vanessa carr ahds apple british library newcastle university open university the national archives university of cambridge university of east anglia university of essex university of glasgow university of hull university of sheffield university of wales university of warwick archives bibliographic data controlled vocabularies data database digital archive digitisation dissemination gis hypertext licence multimedia ocr ontologies optical character recognition portal preservation research search technology semantic web vocabularies Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1127 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Do Application Profiles Reveal about the Learning Object Metadata Standard? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/godby <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/godby#author1">Jean Godby</a> assesses the customised subsets of metadata elements that have been defined by 35 projects using the LOM standard to describe e-learning resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="A_Metadata_Standard_for_Learning_Objects">A Metadata Standard for Learning Objects</h2> <p>As learning objects grow in number and importance, institutions are faced with the daunting task of managing them. Like familiar items in library collections, learning objects need to be organised by subject and registered in searchable repositories. But they also introduce special problems. As computer files, they are dependent on a particular hardware and software environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/godby" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 feature article jean godby becta cetis coalition for networked information cornell university d-lib magazine ieee ims ims global learning consortium library of congress mpeg national science foundation oai oclc university of bath failte aggregation application profile archives bibliographic data bibliographic record cataloguing controlled vocabularies copyright data dcmi digital library digital repositories dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning framework further education graphics identifier infrastructure intellectual property interoperability learning design learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata mets mods multimedia namespace open access open archives initiative perl repositories research resource discovery schema scorm search technology software standards uk lom core vocabularies xml Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1083 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News from BIOME http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/biome <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/biome#author1">Jenny Hall</a> and <a href="/issue41/biome#author2">Donald Mackay</a> report on recent news form BIOME, the Health and Life Sciences hub of the Resource Discovery Network.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="BIOME_Hot_Topics">BIOME Hot Topics</h2> <p>BIOME contains a wealth of information on a wide range of topics in the health and life sciences and we aim to keep introducing new features in line with user needs. As of October 2004 we are trialling a new fortnightly feature - 'Hot Topics'.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/biome" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 regular column donald mackay jenny hall amazon nhs queens university belfast eprints uk rdn for fe cataloguing content provider controlled vocabularies data database eprints further education metadata repositories search technology vocabularies Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1087 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Tap Into Bath http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/baud-chapman <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/baud-chapman#author1">Alison Baud</a> and <a href="/issue40/baud-chapman#author2">Ann Chapman</a> describe the development of a database of archive, library and museum collections in Bath.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Since 1999, when it was first proposed to use metadata for collection-level description within the Research Support Libraries Programme (<a href="http://www.rslp.ac.uk/">RSLP</a>) [<a href="#1">1</a>], there has been steadily growing interest in this new method of supporting resource discovery. A number of collection-level description databases have now been created in the UK, funded through national initiatives. However, little documentation is available on how these were designed and created.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/baud-chapman" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 feature article alison baud ann chapman nhs ukoln university of bath accessibility archives bibliographic data collection description controlled vocabularies data database higher education html interoperability lcsh medical subject headings metadata mysql open source research resource discovery rslp schema search technology software standards thesaurus vocabularies xhtml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1054 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Future of Cataloguing: Cataloguing and Indexing Group Conference http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/cilip-cig-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/cilip-cig-rpt#author1">Paola Stillone</a> reports on a three-day annual conference of the CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group (CIG), held at the University of Bath, 30 June - 2 July.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The conference was aimed at information professionals interested in looking at issues that are changing cataloguing and indexing. The latest international developments in metadata standards, cataloguing codes, taxonomies and controlled languages unlock new opportunities for cataloguers' involvement. They also raise complex interoperability issues which go beyond traditional cataloguing and highlight the need for the acquisition of new skills in the digital information environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/cilip-cig-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 event report paola stillone british library cilip ifla jisc leeds metropolitan university library of congress nhs oclc sheffield hallam university ukoln university college london university of bath university of strathclyde cain jisc information environment worldcat aacr2 aggregation archives authority data bibliographic data catalogue index cataloguing content management controlled vocabularies data database digital library e-government framework frbr gif information retrieval internet explorer interoperability isbd marc marc21 metadata research resource description and access schema search technology software standards tagging taxonomy unicode vocabularies web resources xml xml schema Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1067 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk