Overview of content related to 'ascii' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1254/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Data Citation and Publication by NERC’s Environmental Data Centres http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/callaghan-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/callaghan-et-al#author1">Sarah Callaghan</a>, <a href="/issue68/callaghan-et-al#author2">Roy Lowry</a>, <a href="/issue68/callaghan-et-al#author3">David Walton</a> and members of the Natural Environment Research Council Science Information Strategy Data Citation and Publication Project team describe their work in NERC’s Environmental Data Centres.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Data are the foundation upon which scientific progress rests. Historically speaking, data were a scarce resource, but one which was (relatively) easy to publish in hard copy, as tables or graphs in journal papers. With modern scientific methods, and the increased ease in collecting and analysing vast quantities of data, there arises a corresponding difficulty in publishing this data in a form that can be considered part of the scientific record.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/callaghan-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 feature article david walton roy lowry sarah callaghan badc british antarctic survey british library british oceanographic data centre codata datacite jisc ncas royal meteorological society science and technology facilities council claddier ojims archives ascii cataloguing cd-rom curation data data citation data management data set digital curation digital repositories doi dspace dublin core e-science framework geospatial data google scholar guid higher education html identifier infrastructure internet explorer interoperability library data metadata open access rdf repositories research schema standards uri url vocabularies xml Fri, 09 Mar 2012 14:06:59 +0000 lisrw 2223 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Abstract Modelling of Digital Identifiers http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/nicholas-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author1">Nick Nicholas</a>, <a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author2">Nigel Ward</a> and <a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author3">Kerry Blinco</a> present an information model of digital identifiers, to help bring clarity to the vocabulary debates from which this field has suffered.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v2, incorporating author review edits inc. lead-ins to bullet lists - 2010-02-12-19-30-rew--><!-- v2, incorporating author review edits inc. lead-ins to bullet lists - 2010-02-12-19-30-rew--><p>Discussion of digital identifiers, and persistent identifiers in particular, has often been confused by differences in underlying assumptions and approaches. To bring more clarity to such discussions, the PILIN Project has devised an abstract model of identifiers and identifier services, which is presented here in summary. Given such an abstract model, it is possible to compare different identifier schemes, despite variations in terminology; and policies and strategies can be formulated for persistence without committing to particular systems. The abstract model is formal and layered; in this article, we give an overview of the distinctions made in the model. This presentation is not exhaustive, but it presents some of the key concepts represented, and some of the insights that result.</p> <p>The main goal of the Persistent Identifier Linking Infrastructure (PILIN) project [<a href="#1">1</a>] has been to scope the infrastructure necessary for a national persistent identifier service. There are a variety of approaches and technologies already on offer for persistent digital identification of objects. But true identity persistence cannot be bound to particular technologies, domain policies, or information models: any formulation of a persistent identifier strategy needs to outlast current technologies, if the identifiers are to remain persistent in the long term.</p> <p>For that reason, PILIN has modelled the digital identifier space in the abstract. It has arrived at an ontology [<a href="#2">2</a>] and a service model [<a href="#3">3</a>] for digital identifiers, and for how they are used and managed, building on previous work in the identifier field [<a href="#4">4</a>] (including the thinking behind URI [<a href="#5">5</a>], DOI [<a href="#6">6</a>], XRI [<a href="#7">7</a>] and ARK [<a href="#8">8</a>]), as well as semiotic theory [<a href="#9">9</a>]. The ontology, as an abstract model, addresses the question 'what is (and isn't) an identifier?' and 'what does an identifier management system do?'. This more abstract view also brings clarity to the ongoing conversation of whether URIs can be (and should be) universal persistent identifiers.</p> <h2 id="Identifier_Model">Identifier Model</h2> <p>For the identifier model to be abstract, it cannot commit to a particular information model. The notion of an identifier depends crucially on the understanding that an identifier only identifies one distinct thing. But different domains will have different understandings of what things are distinct from each other, and what can legitimately count as a single thing. (This includes aggregations of objects, and different versions or snapshots of objects.) In order for the abstract identifier model to be applicable to all those domains, it cannot impose its own definitions of what things are distinct: it must rely on the distinctions specific to the domain.</p> <p>This means that information modelling is a critical prerequisite to introducing identifiers to a domain, as we discuss elsewhere [<a href="#10">10</a>]: identifier users should be able to tell whether any changes in a thing's content, presentation, or location mean it is no longer identified by the same identifier (i.e. whether the identifier is restricted to a particular version, format, or copy).</p> <p>The abstract identifier model also cannot commit to any particular protocols or service models. In fact, the abstract identifier model should not even presume the Internet as a medium. A sufficiently abstract model of identifiers should apply just as much to URLs as it does to ISBNs, or names of sheep; the model should not be inherently digital, in order to avoid restricting our understanding of identifiers to the current state of digital technologies. This means that our model of identifiers comes close to the understanding in semiotics of signs, as our definitions below make clear.</p> <p>There are two important distinctions between digital identifiers and other signs which we needed to capture. First, identifiers are managed through some system, in order to guarantee the stability of certain properties of the identifier. This is different to other signs, whose meaning is constantly renegotiated in a community. Those identifier properties requiring guarantees include the accountability and persistence of various facets of the identifier—most crucially, what is being identified. For digital identifiers, the <strong>identifier management system</strong> involves registries, accessed through defined services. An HTTP server, a PURL [<a href="#11">11</a>] registry, and an XRI registry are all instances of identifier management systems.</p> <p>Second, digital identifiers are straightforwardly <strong>actionable</strong>: actions can be made to happen in connection with the identifier. Those actions involve interacting with computers, rather than other people: the computer consistently does what the system specifies is to be done with the identifier, and has no latitude for subjective interpretation. This is in contrast with human language, which can involve complex processes of interpretation, and where there can be considerable disconnect between what a speaker intends and how a listener reacts. Because the interactions involved are much simpler, the model can concentrate on two actions which are core to digital identifiers, but which are only part of the picture in human communication: working out what is being identified (<em>resolution</em>), and accessing a representation of what is identified (<em>retrieval</em>).</p> <p>So to model managing and acting on digital identifiers, we need a concept of things that can be identified, names for things, and the relations between them. (Semiotics already gives us such concepts.) We also need a model of the systems through which identifiers are managed and acted on; what those systems do, and who requests them to do so; and what aspects of identifiers the systems manage.</p> <p>Our identifier model (as an ontology) thus encompasses:</p> <ul> <li><strong>Entities</strong> - including actors and identifier systems;</li> <li><strong>Relations</strong> between entities;</li> <li><strong>Qualities</strong>, as desirable properties of entities. Actions are typically undertaken in order to make qualities apply to entities.</li> <li><strong>Actions</strong>, as the processes carried out on entities (and corresponding to <strong>services</strong> in implementations);</li> </ul> <p>An individual identifier system can be modelled using concepts from the ontology, with an identifier system model.</p> <p>In the remainder of this article, we go through the various concepts introduced in the model under these classes. We present the concept definitions under each section, before discussing issues that arise out of them. <em>Resolution</em> and <em>Retrieval</em> are crucial actions for identifiers, whose definition involves distinct issues; they are discussed separately from other Actions. We briefly discuss the standing of HTTP URIs in the model at the end.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/nicholas-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article kerry blinco nick nicholas nigel ward d-lib magazine dest ietf oasis internet archive aggregation archives ark ascii browser cataloguing cool uri cordra curation data database digital object identifier dns document management doi e-learning ftp identifier infrastructure interoperability learning objects metadata mobile mobile phone namespace ontologies openurl persistent identifier purl repositories research rfc search technology semantic web semiotic service usage model uri url vocabularies wayback machine web browser xml xml namespaces Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1528 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Data Preservation and Long-term Analysis in High-Energy Physics http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/dplta-hep-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue58/dplta-hep-rpt#author1">Richard Mount</a> reports on the First Workshop on Data Preservation and Long-Term Analysis in High-Energy Physics, held at DESY (Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron), Hamburg, Germany, on 26-28 January 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/dplta-hep-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue58 event report richard mount cornell university dcc science and technology facilities council slac national accelerator laboratory archives ascii data data set database digital curation framework infrastructure interoperability linux ocr open access operating system portfolio preservation research search technology software standards Fri, 30 Jan 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1457 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The KIDMM Community's 'MetaKnowledge Mash-up' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/kidmm-rpt#author1">Conrad Taylor</a> reports on the KIDMM knowledge community and its September 2007 one-day conference about data, information and knowledge management issues.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="About_KIDMM">About KIDMM</h2> <p>The British Computer Society [<a href="#1">1</a>], which in 2007 celebrates 50 years of existence, has a self-image around engineering, software, and systems design and implementation. However, within the BCS there are over fifty Specialist Groups (SGs); among these, some have a major focus on 'informatics', or the <em>content</em> of information systems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/kidmm-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report conrad taylor anglia ruskin university bsi google library of congress nhs ordnance survey the national archives ukoln university of bolton university of london university of manchester wikipedia adobe algorithm archives ascii born digital browser cataloguing controlled vocabularies csv cybernetics data data management data mining data set database digital archive digital asset management dublin core e-government e-learning ead eportfolio foia framework geospatial data gis google maps identifier information retrieval information society interoperability location-based services metadata mis named entity recognition ontologies portfolio preservation provenance repositories research search technology sgml software standards tagging text mining thesaurus vocabularies wiki xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1358 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Mastering Regular Expressions, 3rd Edition http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw#author2">Greg Tourte</a> take a look at the new edition of an O'Reilly classic.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_Needles_Haystacks_and_Magnets">Introduction: Needles, Haystacks and Magnets</h2> <p>Since the early days of metadata, powerful textual search methods have been, as Wodehouse's Wooster might have put it, 'of the essence'. Effective use of search engines is all about understanding the use of the rich query syntax supported by that particular software. Examples include the use of Boolean logic (AND, OR and NOT), and wildcards, such as <em><strong>*</strong></em> and <em><strong>?</strong></em>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 review emma tonkin greg tourte google oreilly ukoln university of bristol archives ascii csv data database digital library eprints html interoperability java metadata perl php programming language search technology software text mining url Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1363 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Immaculate Catalogues, Indexes and Monsters Too... http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/cig-2006-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/cig-2006-rpt#author1">David E. Bennett</a> reports on the three day residential CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group Annual Conference, University of East Anglia, during September 2006.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Restful accommodation and pleasant food prepared the delegates for the carefully balanced mix of social networking sessions and challenging seminars. Everyone was extremely friendly and most proved to be erudite socialites, networking in some cases with great assertiveness and sense of purpose.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/cig-2006-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 event report david e. bennett british library cilip goldsmiths college imperial college london loughborough university the national archives university of london university of manchester university of oxford aimss suncat aacr2 accessibility aggregation algorithm application profile archives ascii bibliographic data bibliographic record cataloguing controlled vocabularies database digital archive digital library e-government e-learning framework identifier interoperability isbd marc metadata multimedia ocr onix ontologies opac portal rae rdf repositories research resource description resource description and access resource discovery restful search technology semantic web software standards tagging taxonomy thesaurus unicode usability video vocabularies web resources xml z39.50 Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1279 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Foundation for Automatic Digital Preservation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/ferreira-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author1">Miguel Ferreira</a>, <a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author2">Ana Alice Baptista</a> and <a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author3">Jose Carlos Ramalho</a> propose a Service-Oriented Architecture to help cultural heritage institutions to accomplish automatic digital preservation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Efforts to archive a large amount of digital material are being developed by many cultural heritage institutions. We have evidence of this in the numerous initiatives aiming to harvest the Web [<a href="#1">1-5</a>] together with the impressive burgeoning of institutional repositories [<a href="#6">6</a>]. However, getting the material inside the archive is just the beginning for any initiative concerned with the long-term preservation of digital materials.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/ferreira-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article ana alice baptista jose carlos ramalho miguel ferreira carnegie mellon university d-lib magazine dcc digital preservation coalition google harvard university ieee ifla library of congress oais oasis oclc premis the national archives university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of minho crib reposit algorithm archives ascii bibliographic data controlled vocabularies data data set database digital archive digital curation digital library digital media digital preservation digital record object identification digital repositories dissemination document format drm droid dspace dublin core eprints fedora commons file format framework google trends graphics identifier interoperability java jstor knowledge base licence metadata open source operating system preservation preservation metadata repositories research semantic web service oriented architecture service registry soa soap software standards taxonomy uddi video vocabularies wayback machine web services wsdl xml Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1254 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Folksonomies: The Fall and Rise of Plain-text Tagging http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> suggests that rising new ideas are often on their second circuit - and none the worse for that.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Despite the stability of many key technologies underlying today's Internet, venerable workhorses such as TCP/IP and HTTP, the rise of new candidate specifications frequently leads to a sort of collaborative manic depression. Every now and then, a new idea comes along and sparks a wave of interest, the first stage in the Internet hype cycle.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article emma tonkin amazon apple d-lib magazine google jisc massachusetts institute of technology ukoln access control algorithm amazon web services archives ascii blog browser controlled vocabularies copyright data data mining data set database digital repositories document management doi dublin core eprints exif institutional repository interoperability linux metadata microformats mobile mp3 operating system provenance rdf repositories research resource discovery search technology semantic web semiotic simple dublin core software standardisation standards tagging uri usability vocabularies web 2.0 web services windows xhtml Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1233 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Revealing All http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/chapman <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue44/chapman#author1">Ann Chapman</a> describes Revealweb, a Web site that brings together information about accessible resources for visually impaired people.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The launch of <a href="http://www.revealweb.org.uk/">Revealweb</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] on 16 September 2003 was a big step forward for anyone with visual impairment in the UK. For the first time, they had access to a Web-based union catalogue of resources in accessible formats and information about the producers and suppliers of these materials. Until that point there had been no single place which provided information accessible by everyone; in effect, these people were second-class citizens in the information world. Revealweb has not solved all the problems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/chapman" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue44 feature article ann chapman bbc british library mla rnib ukoln accessibility archives ascii bibliographic data bibliographic record cataloguing collection description copyright data database lcsh library management systems licence marc metadata national library personalisation rslp schema search technology software standards wireless z39.50 Fri, 29 Jul 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1163 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A National Archive of Datasets http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/ndad <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/ndad#author1">Jeffrey Darlington</a> describes how structured datasets produced by UK Government departments and agencies are being archived and made available to users.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The National Archives has been building up a collection of UK Government datasets since 1997 under a contract with the University of London Computer Centre (<a href="http://www.ulcc.ac.uk/">ULCC</a>) [<a href="#1">1</a>]. The archived datasets are available to users free of charge through the World Wide Web and are known as the National Digital Archive of Datasets (<a href="http://ndad.ulcc.ac.uk/">NDAD</a>) [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/ndad" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 feature article jeffrey darlington iso ordnance survey swiss federal archives the national archives university of london archives ascii cataloguing data data management data set database digital archive digital preservation file format foi gis graphics metadata operating system preservation privacy research search technology software sql standards ulcc unicode video xml Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1025 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Domesday Redux: The Rescue of the BBC Domesday Project Videodiscs http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/tna <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue36/tna#author1">Jeffrey Darlington</a>, <a href="/issue36/tna#author2">Andy Finney</a> and <a href="/issue36/tna#author3">Adrian Pearce</a> describe the groundbreaking BBC Domesday Project of 1986, and explain how its unique multimedia collection has been preserved.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Origins">Origins</h2> <p>William of Normandy, having conquered England, decided in 1086 to take account of his new territory. The result was the Domesday Book (actually more than one), which now resides in the <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/"> National Archives</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>]. For the BBC, the 900th anniversary in 1986 presented an opportunity to produce a television series, hosted by Michael Wood. A more unusual production was to use the combination of computer and video known as interactive video to produce a kind of modern-day equivalent of William's survey.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/tna" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue36 feature article adrian pearce andy finney jeffrey darlington ansi bbc digital preservation coalition newcastle university open university ordnance survey the national archives uk data archive university of brighton university of essex university of leeds acorn algorithm archives ascii cd-rom copyright data data set database digital preservation digitisation framework jpeg multimedia preservation programming language research search technology software standards tagging url video windows Tue, 29 Jul 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 961 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Setting up an Institutional E-Print Archive http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/eprint-archives <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue31/eprint-archives#author1">Stephen Pinfield</a>, <a href="/issue31/eprint-archives#author2">Mike Gardner</a>, and <a href="/issue31/eprint-archives#author3">John MacColl</a> with some practical advice on setting up an e-print archive.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article outlines some of the main stages in setting up an institutional e-print archive. It is based on experiences at the universities of Edinburgh and Nottingham which have both recently developed pilot e-print servers(<a href="#1">1</a>). It is not the intention here to present arguments in favour of open access e-print archives – this has been done elsewhere(<a href="#2">2</a>). Rather, it is hoped to present give an account of some of the practical issues that arise in the early stages of establishing an archive in a higher education institution.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/eprint-archives" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 feature article john maccoll mike gardner stephen pinfield cornell university d-lib magazine jisc oai oais university of edinburgh university of nottingham university of southampton accessibility apache archives ascii collection development controlled vocabularies copyright data database digital library digital preservation dissemination document format dublin core eprints file format framework higher education html intellectual property interoperability latex ldap linux metadata mysql open access open archives initiative passwords perl preservation rae repositories research search technology software standards url vocabularies web development Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 865 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: The Information Professional's Guide to Career Development Online http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/article/book-review-information-professionals-guide-career-development-online <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>A book review by <a href="/issue31/book-reviews/dowdell.html#author1">Pete Dowdell</a>.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>The Information Professional’s Guide to Career Development Online</b> Sarah L. Nesbeitt and Rachel Singer Gordon; Information Today, New Jersey, 2002.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/article/book-review-information-professionals-guide-career-development-online" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 review pete dowdell information today ascii research url Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 883 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Migration: A Camileon Discussion Paper http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/camileon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue29/camileon#author1">Paul Wheatley</a> explores migration issues for the long-term preservation of digital materials.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Aims">Aims</h3> <p>This paper is intended to continue the debate on the different uses of <strong>migration</strong> for the long-term preservation of digital materials.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/camileon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue29 feature article paul wheatley bbc oais university of leeds archives ascii data database digital preservation file format framework gif graphics identifier multimedia preservation research resource description rtf search technology software standards url video Tue, 02 Oct 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 823 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Using the Web for Academic Research: The Reading Experience Database Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/red <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/red#author1">Alexis Weedon</a> gives us some insight into a new web-based project designed to collate evidence for changing reading habits through history.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In literary criticism and cultural studies more attention is being paid to the reception of the text – who read it, who had access to it, how was it read – partly perhaps due to the interest in reader theory. Such questions are relevant to the study of the development of a literary canon, the study of popular literature, the transmission of ideas through society both today and in the past and the changing relations between the author, editor, producer and reader of the text.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/red" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 feature article alexis weedon british library microsoft open university university of cambridge university of london university of luton university of oxford university of reading university of surrey ascii bibliographic data data database microsoft office research search technology standards url Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 794 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk In Vision: The Internet As a Resource for Visually Impaired People http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue24/in-vision <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue24/in-vision#author1">Ann Chapman</a> on the Internet as a resource for visually impaired people: a survey of accessible sites, resources, current research and software.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Introduction">Introduction</h3> <p>Until recently, visually impaired people (VIP) were poorly served by the library and information provision that is routinely available to sighted people. They have relied to a great extent on specialist voluntary organisations transcribing a limited range of materials into accessible formats. This situation is changing with advances in technology and recent initiatives on social inclusion. Increasingly visually impaired people will be able to locate and use information independently, as sighted people already do.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue24/in-vision" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue24 feature article ann chapman bbc british library cerlim ibm ifla library association library of congress manchester metropolitan university rnib ukoln university of bath w3c isle project gutenberg web accessibility initiative accessibility archives ascii bibliographic data browser cataloguing cd-rom copyright data database digital audio file format further education graphics html ict internet explorer java linux metadata multimedia national library ocr opac operating system optical character recognition perl portal repositories research resource discovery search technology software standards url video Thu, 22 Jun 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 701 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk How the Oxford English Dictionary Went Online http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue24/oed-tech <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue24/oed-tech#author1">Laura Elliot</a> explains the use of SGML in the management of the OED text.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Ariadne has already described the long-term task of revising the <i>Oxford English Dictionary</i> and reviewed <i>OED Online </i>at its launch in March this year, but the editor judged, rightly, that there must be a hidden story on the making of the web site.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue24/oed-tech" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue24 feature article laura elliot ibm oxford university press stanford university university of oxford aggregation ascii data database dtd gif graphics html internet explorer java research search technology sgml software standardisation standards tagging url web browser windows xml Thu, 22 Jun 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 704 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Electronic Publication of Ancient Near Eastern Texts http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue22/epanet <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue22/epanet#author1">Charles E. Jones</a> and <a href="/issue22/epanet#author2">David Schloen</a> report on a Chicago conference which explored XML tagging for Ancient Near Eastern Texts on the Web.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The civilizations of the ancient Near East produced the world's first written texts.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue22/epanet" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue22 feature article charles e. jones david schloen alt berlin-brandenburg academy of sciences and humanities british museum ibm iso jisc library of congress microsoft oxford university press tufts university ukoln university college dublin university of bath university of birmingham university of chicago university of oxford university of pennsylvania university of utrecht perseus accessibility archives ascii browser cataloguing character encoding copyright data data model data set database digital library digital media dissemination dtd framework html infrastructure intellectual property internet explorer interoperability open source plain text research sgml software standardisation standards stylesheet tagging unicode url web browser xml xsl Tue, 21 Dec 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 653 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Z39.50 for All http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/z3950 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue21/z3950#author1">Paul Miller</a> looks at the Z39.50 standard and attempts to extract some meaning from the mass of associated literature.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>Z39.50</strong>. Despite certain nominative similarities, it's not a robot from that other blockbuster of the summer, <em>Star Wars: The Phantom Menace</em>, but rather the cuddly and approachable name for an important standard of relevance to many working with information resources in a distributed environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/z3950" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue21 feature article paul miller ahds ansi california digital library ilrt iso jisc library of congress niso ukoln university of bath university of hull university of oxford dner access control application profile ascii authentication bath profile bibliographic data cataloguing data data management database digital library dublin core geospatial data gis higher education information retrieval interoperability marc national library opac passwords rdf resource discovery search technology software standards web app xml z39.50 zip Wed, 22 Sep 1999 23:00:00 +0000 editor 631 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk WebWatch: UK University Search Engines http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/webwatch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue21/webwatch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> explores the search facilities used by UK university Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the previous issue of Ariadne an analysis of 404 error messages provided on UK University web sites was carried out <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>. In this issue an analysis of indexing software used to provide searches on UK University web sites is given.</p> <p>Although the WebWatch project <a href="#ref-02">[2]</a> has finished, UKOLN will continue to carry out occasional surveys across UK HE web sites and publish reports in Ariadne. This will enable trends to be observed and documented. We hope the reports will be of interest to managers of institutional web sites.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/webwatch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue21 tooled up brian kelly amazon jisc microsoft ucisa ukoln university college london university of arizona university of bath university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of essex university of leeds university of surrey gnu archives ascii copyright database digital library higher education html licence mailbase ms word opac open source research search technology software standards url web resources web services z39.50 Wed, 22 Sep 1999 23:00:00 +0000 editor 646 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk SEAMLESS: Introduction to the Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/rowlatt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/rowlatt#author1">Mary Rowlatt</a> describes SEAMLESS, the Essex-based project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><cite>SEAMLESS <a name="_Hlt444840515"></a></cite> is a two year research project, funded by the British Library, which aims to develop a new model for citizens' information - one which is distributed, and based on partnerships and common standards.</p> <p>The objectives of the <i>SEAMLESS<b> </b></i>project<b><i> </i></b>are to:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/rowlatt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 feature article mary rowlatt ansi british library ims iso jisc library of congress niso ukoln elib jisc information environment ascii bibliographic data cataloguing cd-rom controlled vocabularies copyright data data set database dissemination document format doi dublin core html identifier information retrieval intellectual property interoperability jpeg marc metadata plain text purl research resource description schema search technology standards tagging thesaurus uri url video vocabularies z39.50 zip Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 580 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Research: Browsing Video Content http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/web-research <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/web-research#author1">Peter Thomas</a>, UWE, and <a href="/issue19/web-research#author2">Peter Macer</a> of Hewlett Packard Research Laboratories describe automated techniques for browsing video content.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Interactive_Media-rich_Web_Content_-_Using_Video">Interactive Media-rich Web Content - Using Video</h3> <p>One of the major problems experienced by Web users is the amount of time needed to download data. As the speed and power of desktop computer has increased it has become possible for almost anyone with access to a PC to produce interactive web content using images, audio, and particularly video. Therefore, even though the available bandwidth of the Internet is increasing, the bandwidth requirements of the media available through it, and the number of users trying to access that information are also increasing.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/web-research" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 feature article peter macer peter thomas mpeg staffordshire university university of the west of england algorithm ascii browser cataloguing data database gif graphics html hypertext jpeg multimedia research search technology standards video Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 583 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Old Ghosts Rear Their Heads http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue12/ghosts <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue12/ghosts#author1">Peter Brophy</a> calls for effective use of email.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue12/ghosts" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue12 feature article peter brophy british library cerlim university of central lancashire ascii research software Wed, 19 Nov 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 411 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Access to Newspapers and Journals for Visually Impaired People: The Talking Newspaper Association of the UK http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/tnauk <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue10/tnauk#author1">Neil H. McLachlan</a> describes the work and electronic products of the Talking Newspaper Assocation (TNAUK).</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/tnauk" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue10 review neil h. mclachlan bbc ibm project gutenberg ascii data data compression database ebook ejournal higher education html mac os repositories search technology software standards windows Fri, 18 Jul 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 364 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata Corner: Working Meeting on Electronic Records Research http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue10/metadata#author1">Michael Day</a> reports from the Working Meeting on Electronic Records Research, held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania May 29-31, 1997.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Archivists and records managers share an interest in the archival management and preservation of what are today known as electronic records. Recognition of important issues related to the archival management of electronic records dates back to the early 1970s when archivists began to investigate the accessioning of what were then known as machine-readable data files.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue10 regular column michael day ukoln university of pittsburgh elib aggregation archives ascii data data management database digital library digital preservation dublin core hypertext identifier metadata preservation provenance research software Fri, 18 Jul 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 371 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Internationalisation and the Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/trenches <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue9/trenches#author1">Jon Knight</a> looks at how the Web is currently undergoing the sometimes painful internationalization process required if it is to live up to its name of the World Wide Web.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/trenches" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue9 tooled up jon knight ansi ietf iso w3c ascii browser character encoding css doc dtd ftp graphics html hypertext i18n interoperability rfc software standardisation standards unicode url utf-16 utf-8 Sun, 18 May 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 325 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Formats for the Electronic Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/electronic-formats <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue8/electronic-formats#author1">Judith Wusteman</a> describes the document formats used in electronic serials.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Every day, subscribers to the the NewJour mailing list <a href="#fn1">[1]</a> receive notification of new Internet-available electronic serials. The NewJour definition of a serial covers everything from journals to magazines and newsletters; from the <i>British Accounting Review</i> to <i>Ariadne</i>, to The (virtual) <i>Baguette</i> and <i>I Love My Nanny</i>. Some days, a dozen or more publications are announced. As of 13th February 1997, the NewJour archive contained 3,240 items.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/electronic-formats" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue8 feature article judith wusteman apple d-lib magazine elsevier imperial college london institute of physics iso microsoft mpeg oclc sun microsystems ukoln university college dublin university of chicago university of illinois university of pennsylvania w3c yale university elib accessibility adobe aiff archives ascii avi bibliographic data browser copyright data database digital library dissemination document format dtd ejournal file format flash ftp gif gopher graphics html hypertext internet explorer java javascript jpeg latex licence multimedia operating system plain text png programming language quicktime realaudio sgml software standardisation standards streaming tiff video wav web browser windows xml Wed, 19 Mar 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 266 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Australian Co-operative Digitisation Project, 1840-45 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/digitisation <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue8/digitisation#author1">Ross Coleman</a> describes a project which will create a unique research infrastructure in Australian studies through the digital conversion of Australian serials and fiction of the seminal period 1840-45.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Australian Cooperative Digitisation Project, 1840-45 <a href="#REF1">[1]</a> (ACDP) is a collaborative project between the University of Sydney Library, the State Library of New South Wales, the National Library of Australia and Monash University Library funded through a Australian Research Council (ARC) Research Infrastructure (Facilities and Equipment) Program grant.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/digitisation" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue8 project update ross coleman cornell university library of congress monash university national library of australia university of oxford university of sydney university of virginia yale university elib archives ascii bibliographic data copyright data digital library digitisation gif infrastructure jstor multimedia national library ocr preservation repositories research resource sharing sgml software tei Wed, 19 Mar 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 283 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Down Your Way: Durham http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/down-your-way <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/down-your-way#author1">Paul Miller</a> travels to Durham and reports on a mammoth archival digitisation project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Spread across four sites within the small historic city of Durham, the University Library caters for a diverse range of staff and student requirements, as well as acting in an important archival role for the surrounding area.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/down-your-way" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column paul miller jisc newcastle university university of durham elib niss archives ascii cataloguing database ead gis gopher graphics opac research search technology sgml web services Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 256 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Displaying SGML Documents on the World Wide Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue6/sgml <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue6/sgml#author1">David Houghton</a> discusses a method by which documents marked up using Standard Generalised Markup Language (SGML) can be used to generate a database for use in conjunction with the World Wide Web.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article discusses a method by which documents marked up using Standard Generalised Markup Language (SGML) can be used to generate a database for use in conjunction with the World Wide Web. The tools discussed in this article and those that were used in experiments are all public domain or shareware packages. This demonstrates that the power and flexibilty of SGML can be utilised by the Internet community at little or no cost. The motivation for this work stems from the lack of standardisation on display techniques for SGML presentation.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue6/sgml" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue6 tooled up david houghton de montfort university elsevier iso ncsa university of leeds ascii authentication bibliographic data browser copyright data database dtd ftp gif html hypertext internet explorer jpeg latex perl programming language search technology sgml software standardisation standards url web browser Tue, 19 Nov 1996 00:00:00 +0000 editor 213 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Net Gains for Digital Researchers http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/digital-researchers <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue5/digital-researchers#author1">Amy Friedlander</a>, the editor of D-Lib, looks at, and towards, some of the benefits of the Web and digital technology towards how we do and present research.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Predicting the future is a risky business. On the one hand, the current instantiation of the Internet and the World Wide Web interfaces will one day become obsolete -- perhaps sooner than we think. On the other hand, some configuration of networked digital information technologies is here to stay. Moreover, many of the tools and behaviors that arise to tap the web's potential will migrate as the underlying technologies evolve. Thus, the Internet is far more than a set of data transfer protocols operating over a series of leased lines, packet switches, and servers.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/digital-researchers" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue5 feature article amy friedlander d-lib magazine library of congress university of essex jisc information environment perseus archives ascii copyright data data set database digital library gis information retrieval interoperability jstor knowledge base multimedia research search technology sgml standards thesaurus video visualisation vocabularies Wed, 18 Sep 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 140 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk CAUSE / EFFECT http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/cause-effect <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue5/cause-effect#author1">Julia A. Rudy</a>, Cause/Effect Editor and Director of Publications at CAUSE, an international, nonprofit professional association for managers and users of information resources on college and university campuses, describes CAUSE/EFFECT.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Campus executives are beginning to look to information technology as a means to address many of the difficult challenges facing our colleges and universities today. Electronic information resources have become a key strategic resource of the institution in a far broader sense than bibliographic indexes, data processing, or administrative information systems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/cause-effect" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue5 review julia a. rudy long island university ascii bibliographic data data database digital library dissemination framework higher education html hypertext research search technology software video Wed, 18 Sep 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 165 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk MC Journal: The Journal of Academic Media Librarianship http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/academic-media <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue5/academic-media#author1">Lori Widzinski</a>, the editor, describes the evolution of MC Journal: The Journal of Academic Media Librarianship.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>MC Journal: <a href="http://wings.buffalo.edu/publications/mcjrnl/"> The Journal of Academic Media Librarianship (MCJ)</a> made its debut in April 1992 as a peer-reviewed electronic journal on the Internet. The concept for a peer-reviewed journal in academic media librarianship arose after an extensive literature search revealed very little regard for this specialty. There are several scholarly publications in librarianship, but none in the U.S. focusing exclusively on academic media librarianship.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/academic-media" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue5 review lori widzinski accessibility ascii cataloguing copyright ftp gopher higher education multimedia search technology software Wed, 18 Sep 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 167 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Katharine Sharp Review http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/katharine-sharp <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue5/katharine-sharp#author1">Kevin Ward</a>, the editor of the Katherine Sharp Review, gives an overview of the first two years of this major journal for Librarians, and looks to its future.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I would like to think that library and information science education is preparing students for employment as traditional librarians, information professionals, or even future LIS educators. In each of these areas there is a call for publication as a requirement for tenure or promotion, or perhaps even as a requirement for attaining the position. Thus it would be of some importance if the student has had some sort of experience with the procedures and expectations before arriving in the workplace or interview.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/katharine-sharp" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue5 review kevin ward microsoft university of illinois ascii browser ftp graphics internet explorer mac os research rtf Wed, 18 Sep 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 168 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Around the Table http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue4/table <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue4/table#author1">Ian Budden</a> points to resources for humanities scholars.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue4/table" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue4 regular column ian budden massachusetts institute of technology university of oxford archives ascii cataloguing copyright database html hypertext research search technology Thu, 18 Jul 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 132 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk URL Monitoring Software and Services http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/autotrack <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue3/autotrack#author1">Paul Hollands</a> describes and compares tools to help you notice when a Web-based resource has been updated.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>Paul Hollands:</b> One of the problems that the academic community faces with respect to the Internet is that certain types resources are, by nature, subject to rapid change (eJournals and eZines for example). How do you remember when to look for the latest edition of your favourite Web publications? Once you have found that ideal specialist list of sources, how do you know when new items are added? From the web author's point of view an even greater difficulty is keeping links within your own documents up to date.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/autotrack" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue3 tooled up paul hollands ncsa ascii browser cataloguing data database ejournal gif graphics html jpeg mac os perl search technology software standards url web browser web resources windows Sat, 18 May 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 85 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk From the Trenches: Network Services on a Shoestring http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue2/knight <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue2/knight#author1">Jon Knight</a> describes how Linux is a cheap and useful operating system for library systems units and the like.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>If you work in a library systems unit, it can sometimes be a bit depressing reading the computer press. At a time when budgets are often fixed or falling and the expectations of patrons and other library staff are constantly rising, the last thing that the system team need is for the latest and greatest operating systems and applications to arrive demanding the latest hardware if they are to be usable.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue2/knight" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue2 tooled up jon knight apache software foundation ibm loughborough university microsoft ncsa apache ascii authentication browser cd-rom database graphics html hypertext linux mac os opac operating system search technology software sql standards telnet video vt100 web browser windows Tue, 19 Mar 1996 00:00:00 +0000 editor 66 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The 4th WWW Conference in Boston http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue1/boston <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="http://www.bris.ac.uk/ilrt/people/person/debra-a-hiom/overview.html">Debra Hiom</a> and <a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ukoln/staff/alumni/">John Kirriemuir</a> provide an informal report from the "cutting edge" of Web development.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This is an informal diary of two delegates who attended the big event for World Wide Web people, namely the 4th International WWW Conference. Debra Hiom, the SOSIG research officer and John Kirriemuir, the <a href="http://ukoln.bath.ac.uk/">UKOLN</a> Information Officer provide the dialogue. The good quality photographs were taken by Debra, on her expensive camera, while the not-so-good quality pictures were taken by John on a cheap and nasty disposable camera (7 dollars).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue1/boston" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue1 feature article debra hiom john kirriemuir massachusetts institute of technology oasis oclc sun microsystems ukoln university of kent university of manchester w3c sosig archives ascii browser cache data html identifier java licence linux metadata preservation research resource discovery software telnet uri url web development Fri, 19 Jan 1996 00:00:00 +0000 editor 28 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk From the Trenches: HTML, Which Version? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue1/knight <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In From the Trenches, a regular column which delves into the more technical aspects of networking and the World Wide Web, <a href="/issue1/knight#author1">Jon Knight</a>, programmer and a member of the ROADS team, takes a look at the causes of good and bad HTML and explains what tags we should be marking up Web pages with.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Most people concerned with Electronic Libraries have by now marked up a document in the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), even if its only their home page. HTML provides an easy means of adding functionality such as distributed hyperlinking and insertion of multimedia objects into documents. Done well, HTML provides access to information over a wide variety of platforms using many different browsers accessing servers via all manners of network connections. However, it is also possible to do HTML badly. Badly done HTML may tie a document down to a particular browser or hardware platform.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue1/knight" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue1 tooled up jon knight ibm ietf loughborough university microsoft ascii browser data dtd html hypertext latex multimedia sgml software standards tei url usability Fri, 19 Jan 1996 00:00:00 +0000 editor 41 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk