Overview of content related to 'ansi' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1298/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Book Review: Powering Search - The Role of Thesauri in New Information Environments http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/will-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/will-rvw#author1">Leonard Will</a> reviews a comprehensive survey of the literature on the use of thesauri in information search processes and interfaces.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><em>Powering Search</em> is a comprehensive review and synthesis of work that has been done over the past 50 years on the use of thesauri to make searching for information more effective. The book does not discuss the principles and practice of construction of information retrieval thesauri in any detail, but concentrates on the search process and on the user interface through which a searcher interacts with a body of information resources. It is written clearly: each chapter begins and ends with a summary of its content, and the first and last chapters summarise the whole book. There are copious references throughout and a full index.</p> <p>As the author says in his conclusion:</p> <blockquote><p>'This book has taken a new approach to thesauri by critiquing the relevant literatures of a variety of communities who share an interest in thesauri and their functions but who are not, it should be noted, closely collaborating at this time – research communities such as library and information science, information retrieval, knowledge organization, human-computer interaction, information architecture, information search behavior, usability studies, search user interface, metadata-enabled information access, interactive information retrieval, and searcher education.'</p> </blockquote> <p>One consequence of these disparate approaches is that terminology varies across communities: there are many interpretations of the meaning of <em>facet, category, keyword </em>or<em> taxonomy</em>, for example, which the author acknowledges, but he then uses these terms without saying precisely what definition he gives them.</p> <h2 id="Information_Search_Processes">Information Search Processes</h2> <p>Chapters 2 and 3 review studies on how people go about searching for information, leading to the perhaps self-evident conclusion that there are two types of approach. If a specific and well-defined piece of information is sought, people will amend and refine their queries in the light of initial results to get closer to what they seek. On the other hand, if the search requirement is less well defined, a browsing or 'berrypicking' approach is adopted to explore a subject area, picking up and assembling pieces of information and changing the destination as the exploration progresses. Both these approaches use an iterative procedure, within which a thesaurus can serve to make a search more precise, in the first case, or to show the broader context, in the second.</p> <p>Chapter 4 deals with thesauri in Web-based search systems, and gives several examples of thesauri in digital libraries, subject gateways and portals, digital archives and linked data repositories. This is one way of grouping these examples, but it is not clear that there is any distinction in principle between the way thesauri can be used in each of them, or indeed in search interfaces to other types of document collections. The main distinction, which is not fully addressed, is whether the information resources being searched have been indexed with terms from the thesaurus being used, or whether the thesaurus is just a source of possible terms for searching the text, and possibly the metadata, of documents. More weight needs to be given to the statement in the introduction to ISO 25964 -1:</p> <blockquote><p>'If both the indexer and the searcher are guided to choose the same term for the same concept, then relevant documents will be retrieved. This is the main principle underlying thesaurus design ...'</p> </blockquote> <p>In fact the book generally talks about <em>terms</em> rather than the approach taken by the current standards of considering unambiguously defined <em>concepts</em>, with terms just serving as convenient labels for these. Each concept may have many labels by which it can be retrieved, including one chosen as <em>preferred</em> for each language covered by the thesaurus.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/will-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 review leonard will ansi cilip iso niso willpower information accessibility controlled vocabularies dewey decimal digital archive digital library graphics information architecture information retrieval interoperability lcsh linked data metadata repositories research search technology standards taxonomy thesaurus url usability visualisation vocabularies Wed, 26 Jun 2013 18:00:00 +0000 lisrw 2451 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Spinning a Semantic Web for Metadata: Developments in the IEMSR http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov#author2">Alexey Strelnikov</a> reflect on the experience of developing components for the Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- version 2: incorporating Emma's final edits :REW --><!-- version 2: incorporating Emma's final edits :REW --><p>The IEMSR, a metadata schema registry, exists to support the development and use of metadata standards; in practice, what does this entail?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 feature article alexey strelnikov emma tonkin ansi d-lib magazine ieee ilrt iso jisc niso ukoln university of bath w3c iemsr jisc information environment accessibility aggregation api application profile archives copyright data data model data set database dcap dcmi dissemination dublin core dublin core metadata initiative framework frbr graphics html ieee lom internet explorer interoperability java jena knowledge base learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata metadata model metadata schema registry open source rdf repositories research resource description schema search technology semantic web software sparql standardisation standards sword protocol thesaurus url usability vocabularies web standards windows xml Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1471 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Persistent Identifiers: Considering the Options http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> looks at the current landscape of persistent identifiers, describes several current services, and examines the theoretical background behind their structure and use.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="What_Is_a_Persistent_Identifier_and_Why">What Is a Persistent Identifier, and Why?</h2> <p>Persistent identifiers (PIs) are simply maintainable identifiers that allow us to refer to a digital object – a file or set of files, such as an e-print (article, paper or report), an image or an installation file for a piece of software. The only interesting persistent identifiers are also persistently actionable (that is, you can "click" them); however, unlike a simple hyperlink, persistent identifiers are supposed to continue to provide access to the resource, even when it moves to other servers or even to other organisations.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 feature article emma tonkin ansi california digital library cnri darpa ietf iso niso oclc portico ukoln university of bath archives ark bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing content management cool uri data database digital library digital object identifier dissemination dns doi ftp handle system identifier infrastructure licence metadata multimedia naan name mapping authority namespace national library openurl persistent identifier preservation purl request for comments research rfc search technology software standardisation standards unicode uri url urn utf-8 video z39.88 Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1413 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Dublin Core Application Profile for Scholarly Works http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/allinson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author2">Pete Johnston</a> and <a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author3">Andy Powell</a> describe a Dublin Core application profile for describing scholarly works that makes use of FRBR and the DCMI Abstract Model.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In May 2006, the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) [<a href="#1">1</a>] approached UKOLN [<a href="#2">2</a>] and the Eduserv Foundation [<a href="#3">3</a>] to collaborate on the development of a metadata specification for describing eprints (alternatively referred to as scholarly works, research papers or scholarly research texts) [<a href="#4">4</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/allinson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue50 feature article andy powell julie allinson pete johnston ansi eduserv ifla intute jisc library of congress niso oai oasis ukoln university of bath w3c eprints uk gnu perx repositories research team aggregation application profile archives bibliographic data copyright data dcmi dissemination dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative eprints fedora commons foaf framework frbr hypertext identifier interoperability licence marc metadata namespace oai-pmh open access open archives initiative openurl rdf relax ng repositories research schema search technology semantic web simple dublin core software uri vocabularies wiki xml xml schema z39.88 Tue, 30 Jan 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1286 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Introducing UnAPI http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/chudnov-et-al#author1">Dan Chudnov</a> and a team of colleagues describe unAPI, a tiny HTTP API for serving information objects in next-generation Web applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Common Web tools and techniques cannot easily manipulate library resources. While photo sharing, link logging, and Web logging sites make it easy to use and reuse content, barriers still exist that limit the reuse of library resources within new Web services. [<a href="#1">1</a>][<a href="#2">2</a>] To support the reuse of library information in Web 2.0-style services, we need to allow many types of applications to connect with our information resources more easily. One such connection is a universal method to copy any resource of interest.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article dan chudnov ed summers jeremy frumkin michael j. giarlo mike rylander peter binkley ross singer amazon andrew w mellon foundation ansi ciac d-lib magazine georgia institute of technology google library of congress microsoft mpeg national science foundation niso oai oregon state university university of alberta university of washington yale university apache api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing data database didl digital library dublin core fedora commons firefox flickr foaf framework google books html identifier interoperability javascript json library management systems metadata microformats mods namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative openurl php plain text rdf repositories rfc rss ruby schema search technology software sru srw standards syndication uri url web 2.0 web app web browser web services wiki wordpress xml xslt z39.50 z39.88 Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1248 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ERPANET Seminar on Persistent Identifiers http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt#author1">Monica Duke</a> reports on a two-day training seminar on persistent identifiers held by ERPANET in Cork, Ireland over 17-18 June 2004.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Day_One">Day One</h3> <ul> <li><a href="#introduction">Introduction</a></li> <li><a href="#welcome">Welcome and Keynote</a></li> <li><a href="#overview">Overview of Persistent Identifier initiatives</a></li> <li><a href="#urn">URN</a></li> <li><a href="#openurl">OpenURL - The Rough Guide</a></li> <li><a href="#uri">Info URIs</a></li> <li><a href="#dcmi">The DCMI Persistent Identifier Working Group</a></li> <li><a href="#cendi">The CENDI Report</a></li> <li><a href="#ark">ARK</a></li> <li><a href="#purls">PURLs</a></li> <li><a href="#handle">Overview of the Handle System</a></li> <li><a href="#doi">DOI</a></li> <p>&lt;</p> </ul><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 event report monica duke ansi california digital library cnri codata dcc ietf iso jisc niso oai oclc the national archives ukoln university college cork university of bath w3c adl archives ark bibliographic data blog browser data dcmi digital curation digital library digital preservation digitisation dns doi dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-government e-learning file format framework further education handle system html identifier infrastructure interoperability learning objects lom metadata multimedia name mapping authority namespace national library oai-pmh onix ontologies open access openurl persistent identifier preservation prism privacy purl repositories research resource discovery schema scorm sfx software standards syndication uri url urn xml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1070 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The OpenURL and OpenURL Framework: Demystifying Link Resolution http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/apps-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/apps-rpt#author1">Ann Apps</a> reports on a conference about current and future uses of the proposed OpenURL Framework Standard Z39.88-2004.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="The_Event_at_a_Glance">The Event at a Glance</h2> <ul> <li><a href="#a">Welcome - Pat Harris</a></li> <li><a href="#b">The OpenURL Framework for Context-Sensitive Services Standard - Eric Van de Velde</a></li> <li><a href="#c">The Promise and History of the OpenURL - Oliver Pesch</a></li> <li><a href="#d">Related Linking Standards: CrossRef and DOI - Ed Pentz</a></li> <li><a href="#e">Why Should Publishers Implement the OpenURL Framework?<br /> </a></li></ul><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/apps-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 tooled up ann apps ansi british library editeur google microsoft mimas niso oai university of manchester zetoc archives authentication cookie data database digital library digital object identifier doi dublin core ejournal framework identifier infrastructure internet explorer interoperability knowledge base metadata oai-pmh open archives initiative open source openurl personalisation portfolio repositories research rss schema search technology semantic web sfx shibboleth simple dublin core soap software standardisation standards syndication usability xml xml schema z39.88 Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1015 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Domesday Redux: The Rescue of the BBC Domesday Project Videodiscs http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/tna <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue36/tna#author1">Jeffrey Darlington</a>, <a href="/issue36/tna#author2">Andy Finney</a> and <a href="/issue36/tna#author3">Adrian Pearce</a> describe the groundbreaking BBC Domesday Project of 1986, and explain how its unique multimedia collection has been preserved.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Origins">Origins</h2> <p>William of Normandy, having conquered England, decided in 1086 to take account of his new territory. The result was the Domesday Book (actually more than one), which now resides in the <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/"> National Archives</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>]. For the BBC, the 900th anniversary in 1986 presented an opportunity to produce a television series, hosted by Michael Wood. A more unusual production was to use the combination of computer and video known as interactive video to produce a kind of modern-day equivalent of William's survey.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/tna" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue36 feature article adrian pearce andy finney jeffrey darlington ansi bbc digital preservation coalition newcastle university open university ordnance survey the national archives uk data archive university of brighton university of essex university of leeds acorn algorithm archives ascii cd-rom copyright data data set database digital preservation digitisation framework jpeg multimedia preservation programming language research search technology software standards tagging url video windows Tue, 29 Jul 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 961 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Bath Profile Four Years On: What's Being Done in the UK? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/bath-profile-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue36/bath-profile-rpt#author1">Fraser Nicolaides</a> gives us his take on the conference to review the implementation of the Bath Profile in the UK, July 2003.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The genesis of the Bath Profile occurred at a meeting in Bath Spa during August 1999. It sought to address a wide range of issues pertaining to the effectiveness of the search and retrieval processes between Z39.50 client and server services. Over the ensuing months, members of the relevant communities created an ISO-recognised profile specifically intended to have international application. In June 2000, Release 1.1 of the Bath Profile gave precise semantic definition to the abstract search types used by Z39.50-enabled services.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/bath-profile-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue36 event report fraser nicolaides ansi edina iso jisc london school of economics mimas niso talis ukoln university of sheffield iesr jisc information environment authentication bath profile bibliographic data cataloguing copyright database html interoperability portal research resource discovery search technology service registry standards url z39.50 Tue, 29 Jul 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 980 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Z39.50 for All http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/z3950 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue21/z3950#author1">Paul Miller</a> looks at the Z39.50 standard and attempts to extract some meaning from the mass of associated literature.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>Z39.50</strong>. Despite certain nominative similarities, it's not a robot from that other blockbuster of the summer, <em>Star Wars: The Phantom Menace</em>, but rather the cuddly and approachable name for an important standard of relevance to many working with information resources in a distributed environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/z3950" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue21 feature article paul miller ahds ansi california digital library ilrt iso jisc library of congress niso ukoln university of bath university of hull university of oxford dner access control application profile ascii authentication bath profile bibliographic data cataloguing data data management database digital library dublin core geospatial data gis higher education information retrieval interoperability marc national library opac passwords rdf resource discovery search technology software standards web app xml z39.50 zip Wed, 22 Sep 1999 23:00:00 +0000 editor 631 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk SEAMLESS: Introduction to the Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/rowlatt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/rowlatt#author1">Mary Rowlatt</a> describes SEAMLESS, the Essex-based project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><cite>SEAMLESS <a name="_Hlt444840515"></a></cite> is a two year research project, funded by the British Library, which aims to develop a new model for citizens' information - one which is distributed, and based on partnerships and common standards.</p> <p>The objectives of the <i>SEAMLESS<b> </b></i>project<b><i> </i></b>are to:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/rowlatt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 feature article mary rowlatt ansi british library ims iso jisc library of congress niso ukoln elib jisc information environment ascii bibliographic data cataloguing cd-rom controlled vocabularies copyright data data set database dissemination document format doi dublin core html identifier information retrieval intellectual property interoperability jpeg marc metadata plain text purl research resource description schema search technology standards tagging thesaurus uri url video vocabularies z39.50 zip Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 580 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadiversity http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/metadiversity <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue18/metadiversity#author1">Michael Day</a> on a Biodiversity conference in the States interested in Metadata.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Introduction_and_context">Introduction and context</h3> <div class="UKOLN-page-body"><i>First, we simply need to be moving faster to coordinate the information that already exists, on file cards and computers, scattered around the world's major and minor museums and other collections. ... Second these databases must be widely available and 'customer friendly'. We need to accelerate current efforts for international cooperation and coordination, so that common formats are increasingly agreed and used.</i><br />Robert M. May (1994) <a href="#1">[1]</a>. <p>&nbsp;</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/metadiversity" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue18 event report michael day ansi coalition for networked information cornell university harvard university iso national science foundation oxford university press stanford university ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of oxford university of reading w3c jisc information environment accessibility adl bibliographic data cataloguing data data model data set database digital library dissemination dublin core framework geospatial data gis information society infrastructure interoperability ldap metadata rdf research resource description resource discovery search technology standardisation standards taxonomy z39.50 Sat, 19 Dec 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 576 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk EDDIS http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue14/eddis <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue14/eddis#author1">David Larbey</a> writes about EDDIS, one of eLib’s document delivery projects.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue14/eddis" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue14 project update david larbey ansi bldsc iso niso university of east anglia university of stirling elib copyright data database document management higher education html infrastructure interoperability resource sharing search technology software z39.50 Thu, 19 Mar 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 464 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ACORN Implemented http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/acorn <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue10/acorn#author1">Jon Knight</a> and <a href="/issue10/acorn#author2">Richard Goodman</a> describe the technical implementation of the ACORN system.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/acorn" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue10 project update jon knight richard goodman ansi loughborough university microsoft talis acorn elib adobe authentication browser copyright data database html identifier infrastructure linux ocr opac operating system passwords perl programming language samba software solaris sql standards telnet web browser windows Fri, 18 Jul 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 356 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Internationalisation and the Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/trenches <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue9/trenches#author1">Jon Knight</a> looks at how the Web is currently undergoing the sometimes painful internationalization process required if it is to live up to its name of the World Wide Web.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/trenches" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue9 tooled up jon knight ansi ietf iso w3c ascii browser character encoding css doc dtd ftp graphics html hypertext i18n interoperability rfc software standardisation standards unicode url utf-16 utf-8 Sun, 18 May 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 325 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ADAM: Information Gateway to Resources on the Internet in Art, Design, Architecture and Media http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/adam <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Nearly half a year after the project’s official start date, ADAM has a fledgling information gateway to information on the Internet in art, design, architecture and media. <a href="/issue3/adam#author1">Tony Gill</a>, ADAM Project Leader, outlines what has been achieved so far, and some of the challenges that lie directly ahead.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The ADAM Project is creating a subject-based information gateway service that will provide access to quality-assured Internet resources in the following areas:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue3/adam" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue3 project update tony gill ansi coventry university glasgow school of art iso jisc middlesex university ukoln university of northumbria at newcastle algorithm archives browser cataloguing data database dissemination dublin core framework ftp graphics higher education html information retrieval internet explorer interoperability mailbase metadata natural language processing research resource description search technology software standards tei telnet thesaurus usability vocabularies web browser windows z39.50 Sat, 18 May 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 79 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk