Overview of content related to 'perl' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1315/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Developing a Prototype Library WebApp for Mobile Devices http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/cooper-brewerton <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/cooper-brewerton#author1">Jason Cooper</a> and <a href="/issue71/cooper-brewerton#author2">Gary Brewerton</a> describe the development of a prototype WebApp to improve access to Library systems at Loughborough University for mobile devices.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Reviewing Loughborough University Library’s Web site statistics over a 12-month period (October 2011 – September 2012) showed a monthly average of 1,200 visits via mobile devices (eg smart phones and tablet computers). These visits account for 4% of the total monthly average visits; but plotting the percentage of visits per month from such mobile devices demonstrated over the period a steady increase, rising from 2% to 8%. These figures were supported by comparison with statistics from the Library’s blog, where, over the same period, there was also a steady increase in the percentage of visits from mobile devices.&nbsp; This increase was on a smaller scale than the Web site, rising from 0.5% up to 4%.</p> <p>Having identified this increase in the usage of mobile devices, it was decided to investigate ways to support mobile access more effectively.&nbsp; As part of this investigation, the Library's Systems Team undertook the development of a prototype mobile app.</p> <h2 id="Deciding_the_Prototype-s_Features">Deciding the Prototype's Features</h2> <p>The first task undertaken was to produce a list of functionality that could be included in the Library WebApp.&nbsp; The list was based upon current Library services and consisted of the following:</p> <ul> <li>Support library catalogue searching</li> <li>Display opening hours (pulled from the Library Web site so data can be maintained in one location)</li> <li>Display current item loans, requests and holds <ul> <li>Indicate overdue items</li> <li>Indicate recalled items</li> <li>Offer option to renew loaned items</li> <li>Offer option to cancel requests for items</li> </ul> </li> <li>Reading lists <ul> <li>Ensure module list displays all modules for which the user is registered</li> <li>Should handle multiple levels of reading lists</li> <li>Include thumbnails</li> <li>Include library holding information</li> </ul> </li> <li>Display current room/PC bookings <ul> <li>Display list of bookings including resource name, start time and end time for each booking.</li> <li>Offer option to cancel a room/PC booking</li> <li>Offer option to make a room/PC booking</li> </ul> </li> <li>Display upcoming library events (pulled from the Library Web site) <ul> <li>Include both upcoming workshops and events</li> </ul> </li> <li>Display library news (taken as a feed from our Library blog)</li> <li>Offer feedback option</li> </ul> <p>After reviewing this list, it was decided to leave out the searching of the Library Catalogue feature as the Library's discovery tool (Ex Libris’s Primo [<a href="#1">1</a>]) was scheduled for a number of updates that would improve the support of mobile devices. Therefore it was decided to wait and see how the improved mobile interface performed before deciding how to integrate it into the mobile app.</p> <p>Additionally it was decided not to implement a number of the other features, those that would either require new APIs to be created for other systems or those that would alter the information stored in the other systems.&nbsp; These features would be carried forward for implementation in a future version of the mobile app.&nbsp; Consequently features excluded from the pilot version were:</p> <ul> <li>library catalogue searching</li> <li>the option to renew loaned items and cancel requested items</li> <li>the option to make or cancel a room/PC booking</li> </ul> <h2 id="WebApp_versus_Native_Apps">WebApp versus Native Apps</h2> <p>An important early decision was whether to create the Mobile App as a WebApp or as a number of native apps?&nbsp; A native app is one that is developed in the native language for the platform (Objective-C for iPhone/iPad devices, Java for Android devices, etc) and usually delivered via an app-store (iTunes for Apple, Google Play for Android, etc).&nbsp; A WebApp is developed in HTML5 and JavaScript, being delivered to the mobile device via the World Wide Web.</p> <p>There are pros and cons to developing a mobile app as a native app or as a WebApp. Native apps have full access to a mobile device's resources but need to be developed as a separate app for each platform on which they are to be made available.&nbsp; Conversely developing a mobile app as a WebApp restricts the resources that can be accessed to those available to the device's Web browser, although a single developed WebApp can work on multiple platforms.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/cooper-brewerton" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up gary brewerton jason cooper apple google loughborough university w3c adobe ajax android apache api authentication blog browser cache cataloguing content management cookie css data framework google books html html5 ipad iphone itunes java javascript jquery json library management systems local storage metadata mobile native app native apps open source passwords perl restful rss standards tablet computer url vocabularies web app web browser web development widget xhtml xml Mon, 10 Jun 2013 13:33:09 +0000 admin 2438 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 70 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/editorial <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/editorial#author1">The editor</a> introduces readers to the content of <em>Ariadne</em> Issue 70.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Welcome to Issue 70 of <em>Ariadne </em>which is full to the brim with feature articles and a wide range of event reports and book reviews.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/editorial" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 editorial richard waller alt amazon google hefce jisc portico rdwg ukoln university of oxford w3c ark project jisc information environment jusp liparm rdmrose web accessibility initiative wikipedia accessibility aggregation archives bs8878 controlled vocabularies data data management database digital curation digitisation ejournal framework higher education identifier internet explorer jstor licence metadata microsoft reporting services mobile open access perl portal preservation privacy raptor repositories research resource management schema search technology software standardisation standards sushi wcag web resources web services wiki xml xml schema Fri, 14 Dec 2012 14:20:23 +0000 lisrw 2417 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk SUSHI: Delivering Major Benefits to JUSP http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/meehan-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/meehan-et-al#author1">Paul Meehan</a>, <a href="/issue70/meehan-et-al#author2">Paul Needham</a> and <a href="/issue70/meehan-et-al#author3">Ross MacIntyre</a> explain the enormous time and cost benefits in using SUSHI to support rapid gathering of journal usage reports into the JUSP service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>A full-scale implementation of the Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP) would not be possible without the automated data harvesting afforded by the Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) protocol. Estimated time savings in excess of 97% compared with manual file handling have allowed JUSP to expand its service to more than 35 publishers and 140 institutions by September 2012. An in-house SUSHI server also allows libraries to download quality-checked data from many publishers via JUSP, removing the need to visit numerous Web sites. The protocol thus affords enormous cost and time benefits for the centralised JUSP service and for all participating institutions. JUSP has also worked closely with many publishers to develop and implement SUSHI services, pioneering work to benefit both the publishers and the UK HE community.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP)" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue70-meehan-et-al/jusp-logo.png" style="width: 145px; height: 133px;" title="Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP)" /></p> <h2 id="JUSP:_Background_to_the_Service">JUSP: Background to the Service</h2> <p>The management of journal usage statistics can be an onerous task at the best of times. The introduction of the COUNTER [<a href="#1">1</a>] Code of Practice in 2002 was a major step forward, allowing libraries to collect consistent, audited statistics from publishers. By July 2012, 125 publishers offered the JR1 report, providing the number of successful full-text downloads. In the decade since COUNTER reports became available, analysis of the reports has become increasingly important, with library managers, staff and administrators increasingly forced to examine journal usage to inform and rationalise purchasing and renewal decisions.</p> <p>In 2004, JISC Collections commissioned a report [<a href="#2">2</a>] which concluded that there was a definite demand for a usage statistics portal for the UK HE community; with some sites subscribing to more than 100 publishers, just keeping track of access details and downloading reports was becoming a significant task in itself, much less analysing the figures therein. There followed a report into the feasibility of establishing a ‘Usage Statistics Service’ carried out by Key Perspectives Limited and in 2008 JISC issued an ITT (Invitation To Tender). By early 2009 a prototype service, known as the Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP) had been developed by a consortium including Evidence Base at Birmingham City University, Cranfield University, JISC Collections and Mimas at The University of Manchester; the prototype featured a handful of publishers and three institutions. However, despite a centralised service appearing feasible [<a href="#3">3</a>], the requirement to download and process data in spreadsheet format, and the attendant time taken, still precluded a full-scale implementation across UK HE.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="COUNTER" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue70-meehan-et-al/counter-header.png" style="width: 640px; height: 45px;" title="COUNTER" /></p> <p>Release 3 of the COUNTER Code of Practice in 2009 however mandated the use of the newly-introduced Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) protocol [<a href="#4">4</a>], a mechanism for the machine-to-machine transfer of COUNTER-compliant reports; this produced dramatic efficiencies of time and cost in the gathering of data from publishers. The JUSP team began work to implement SUSHI for a range of publishers and expanded the number of institutions. By September 2012, the service had grown significantly, whilst remaining free at point of use, and encompassed 148 participating institutions, and 35 publishers. To date more than 100 million individual points of data have been collected by JUSP, all via SUSHI, a scale that would have been impossible without such a mechanism in place or without massive additional staff costs.</p> <p>JUSP offers much more than basic access to publisher statistics, however; the JUSP Web site [<a href="#5">5</a>] details the numerous reports and analytical tools on offer, together with detailed user guides and support materials. The cornerstone of the service though is undeniably its SUSHI implementation, both in terms of gathering the COUNTER JR1 and JR1a data and - as developed more recently - its own SUSHI server, enabling institutions to re-harvest data into their own library management tools for local analysis.</p> <h2 id="JUSP_Approach_to_SUSHI_Development_and_Implementation">JUSP Approach to SUSHI Development and Implementation</h2> <p>Once the decision was made to scale JUSP into a full service, the development of SUSHI capability became of paramount importance. The team had been able to handle spreadsheets of data on a small scale, but the expected upscale to 100+ institutions and multiple publishers within a short time frame meant that this would very quickly become unmanageable and costly in staff time and effort - constraints that were proving to be a source of worry at many institutions too: while some sites could employ staff whose role revolved around usage stats gathering and analysis, this was not possible at every institution, nor especially straightforward for institutions juggling dozens, if not hundreds, of publisher agreements and deals.</p> <p>Two main issues were immediately apparent in the development of the SUSHI software. Firstly, there was a lack of any standard SUSHI client software that we could use or adapt, and, more worryingly, the lack of SUSHI support at a number of major publishers. While many publishers use an external company or platform such as Atypon, MetaPress or HighWire to collect and provide usage statistics, others had made little or no progress in implementing SUSHI support by late 2009 - where SUSHI servers were in place these were often untested or unused by consumers.</p> <p>An ultimate aim for JUSP was to develop a single piece of software that would seamlessly interact with any available SUSHI repository and download data for checking and loading into JUSP. However, the only client software available by 2009 was written and designed to work in the Windows environment, or used Java, which can be very complex to work with and of which the JUSP team had limited expertise. The challenge therefore became to develop a much simpler set of code using Perl and/or PHP, common and simple programming languages which were much more familiar to the JUSP team.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/meehan-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 feature article paul meehan paul needham ross macintyre birmingham city university cranfield university elsevier intute jisc jisc collections mimas niso university of manchester university of oxford jusp nesli pirus2 zetoc archives authentication csv data data set database digital library dublin core html identifier interoperability java multimedia openurl passwords perl php portal raptor repositories research shibboleth software standards sushi windows xml Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:54:19 +0000 lisrw 2396 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 69 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/editorial <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/editorial#author1">The editor</a> introduces readers to the content of <em>Ariadne</em> Issue 69.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Never blessed with any sporting acumen, I have to confess to a degree of ambivalence towards the London Olympics unfolding around this issue as it publishes. That does not mean that I do not wish all the participants well in what after all is an enormous achievement just to be able to compete there at all. While I admit to not watching every team walk and wave, I cannot deny that the beginning and end of the Opening Ceremony [<a href="#1">1</a>] did grab my attention. Who could blame me? I suspect we sat as a nation terrified to discover what this would say about us all.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/editorial" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 editorial richard waller bbc blackboard jisc jisc collections loughborough university ukoln university of bath university of glamorgan university of pretoria devcsi wikipedia accessibility aggregation api archives authentication blog cache content management data database digital preservation drupal ebook framework internet explorer json knowledge management licence metadata ocr opac open source perl refworks repositories research schema search technology shibboleth standards usability visualisation wiki xml Tue, 31 Jul 2012 11:45:13 +0000 lisrw 2372 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Moving Ariadne: Migrating and Enriching Content with Drupal http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/bunting#author1">Thom Bunting</a> explains some of the technology behind the migration of <em>Ariadne</em> (including more than 1600 articles from its back issues archive) onto a Drupal content management platform.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Tools and strategies for content management are a perennial topic in <em>Ariadne. </em> With&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=" title="Link to overview of articles including references to 'content management'">more than one hundred articles</a>&nbsp;touching on content management system (CMS) technologies or techniques since this online magazine commenced publication in 1996,&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;attests to continuing interest in this topic. Authors have discussed this topic within various contexts, from&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=intranet&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to articles discussing 'content management', within 'intranet' context">intranets</a> to&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/repositories?article-type=&amp;term=content+management&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles referring to 'content management', within 'repositories' context">repositories</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=web+2.0&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles discussing 'content management', within context of Web 2.0">Web 2.0</a>, &nbsp;with some notable&nbsp;<a href="/sites/all/datacharts/hc/72-chart-wp.html#timeline" title="Link to timeline: articles referring to 'content management'">surges in references to 'content management' between 2000 and 2005</a>&nbsp;(see Figure 1 below). &nbsp;Although levels of discussion are by no means trending, over recent years it is clear that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> authors have taken note of and written about content management tools and techniques on a regular basis.&nbsp;</p> <p>In the light of this long-established interest, it is noteworthy that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> itself migrated into a content management system only recently. Although the formatting of its articles did change a few times since 1996, <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;remained 'hand-coded' for more than fifteen years. &nbsp;None of its articles had been migrated into a database-driven content management system until March 2012, when&nbsp;<a href="/issue68" title="Link to table of contents for Ariadne issue 68">issue 68</a>&nbsp;was published.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>As mentioned in the&nbsp;<a href="/issue68/editorial1" title="Editorial introduction: Welcome to New Ariadne">editorial introduction</a>&nbsp;to that first issue, launching the new content management arrangements, and as discussed in some more detail below (see 'Technical challenges in content migration'), the considerable size of&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>'s archive of back issues was daunting. &nbsp;With <a href="/articles" title="Overview of more than 1600 articles in Ariadne">more than 1600 articles</a>&nbsp;in hand-coded 'flat'-html formats,&nbsp;the process of migration itself required careful planning to result in a seamless, graceful transition into an entirely new content management arrangement. &nbsp;Over time, the sheer size of the <em>Ariadne</em> corpus had made it both increasingly rich in content and increasingly more challenging to convert retrospectively into a database-driven CMS as the total number of articles published within this online magazine steadily expanded.&nbsp;</p> <p>In looking back over the recent process of migrating <em>Ariadne</em> onto a CMS platform, this article discusses some tools and techniques used to prepare content for transfer, testing, and then re-launch. &nbsp;After explaining some of the background to and objectives of this work, this article focuses on key features of content management supported by Drupal.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue69-bunting/content%20management-timeline.png" style="height: 453px; width: 500px; " title="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" /></p> <p style="text-align: center; "><strong>Figure 1: Ariadne timeline of references to content management</strong></p> <h2 id="Requirements_Analysis:_Planning_the_Way_Forward">Requirements Analysis: Planning the Way Forward</h2> <p>Based on surveys of readers and authors conducted in late 2010, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team analysed the range of feedback, drew up sets of re-development requirements, and then considered the options available.</p> <p>The following table provides an overview of key findings regarding the range of enhanced functionality and features considered:</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Overview of findings derived from survey responses</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>enhanced functionality or feature</em></td> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>interest recorded in surveys</em></td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by keywords</td> <td>73.4% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>updated look and feel</td> <td>62.3% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by title</td> <td>50.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>enhanced use of search engine</td> <td>48.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved display for portable devices</td> <td>34.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>more summative information on articles</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved navigability from article level</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved social media options</td> <td>29.5% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by author</td> <td>28.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved RSS feeds</td> <td>27.0% of respondents</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>In addition to these findings derived from surveys, the management team also recognised the need for some other functionalities to support monitoring of <em>Ariadne</em>'s on-going engagement with various domains and institutions across the UK and beyond.</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Additional features to support monitoring of engagement</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; ">identification of author domains (higher education, further education, research, commercial, etc)</td> <td style="text-align: left; ">to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach across various sectors</td> </tr> <tr> <td>identification of authors by organisation</td> <td>to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach in UK and worldwide</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>Taking into account the key findings derived from survey questions as well as the additional functionality identified as useful in monitoring UK and worldwide engagement, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team drew up sets of re-development requirements and considered how to proceed.&nbsp;Migration into a content management system represented the obvious way forward, as it became clear that <em>Ariadne</em>'s&nbsp;previous tradition of 'hand-coded' production (dating from the early days of the Web) had little chance of coping gracefully with the new sets of requirements.</p> <p>In a review of CMS options available, it also became clear that&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drupal" title="Wikipedia article: Drupal">Drupal</a>&nbsp;[<a href="#1">1</a>] was well positioned as a content management system (or, emphasising its highly modular and extensible design, <em>content management framework </em>&nbsp;[<a href="#2">2</a>] ) to supply required functionality and features.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up thom bunting ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath datagovuk gnu wikipedia apache api archives bibliographic data content licence content management css data data set database drupal framework further education graphics higher education html identifier jquery json licence linux metadata mysql open source perl php preservation python rdf repositories research rss search technology software sql server sqlite standards taxonomy usability video visualisation web 2.0 xml Fri, 27 Jul 2012 16:47:36 +0000 lisrw 2348 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Redeveloping the Loughborough Online Reading List System http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/knight-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author1">Jon Knight</a>, <a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author2">Jason Cooper</a> and <a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author3">Gary Brewerton</a> describe the redevelopment of Loughborough University’s open source reading list system.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Loughborough Online Reading Lists System (LORLS) [<a href="#1">1</a>] has been developed at Loughborough University since the late 1990s.&nbsp; LORLS was originally implemented at the request of the University’s Learning and Teaching Committee simply to make reading lists available online to students.&nbsp; The Library staff immediately saw the benefit of such a system in not only allowing students ready access to academics’ reading lists but also in having such access themselves. This was because a significant number of academics were bypassing the library when generating and distributing lists to their students who were then in turn surprised when the library did not have the recommended books either in stock or in sufficient numbers to meet demand.</p> <p>The first version of the system produced by the Library Systems Team was part of a project that also had a ‘reading lists amnesty’ in which academics were encouraged to provide their reading lists to the library which then employed some temporary staff over the summer to enter them into the new system.&nbsp; This meant that the first version of LORLS went live in July 2000 with a reasonable percentage of lists already in place.&nbsp; Subsequently the creation and editing of reading lists was made the responsibility of the academics or departmental admin staff, with some assistance from library staff.</p> <p>LORLS was written in Perl, with a MySQL database back-end.&nbsp; Most user interfaces were delivered via the web, with a limited number of back-end scripts that helped the systems staff maintain the system and alert library staff to changes that had been made to reading lists.</p> <p>Soon after the first version of LORLS went live at Loughborough, a number of other universities expressed an interest in using or modifying the system. Permission was granted by the University to release it as open source under the General Public Licence (GPL)[<a href="#2">2</a>].&nbsp; New versions were released as the system was developed and bugs were fixed. The last version of the original LORLS code base/data design was version 5, which was downloaded by sites worldwide.</p> <h2 id="Redesign">Redesign</h2> <p>By early 2007 it was decided to take a step back and see if there were things that could be done better in LORLS.&nbsp; Some design decisions made in 1999 no longer made sense eight years later.&nbsp; Indeed some of the database design was predicated on how teaching modules were supposed to work at Loughborough and it had already become clear that the reality of how they were deployed was often quite different.&nbsp; For example, during the original design, the principle was that each module would have a single reading list associated with it.&nbsp; Within a few years several modules had been found that were being taught by two (or more!) academics, all wanting their own independent reading list.</p> <p>Some of the structuring of the data in the MySQL database began to limit how the system could be developed.&nbsp; The University began to plan an organisational restructuring shortly after the redesign of LORLS was commenced, and it was clear that the simple departmental structure was likely to be replaced by a more fluid school and department mix.</p> <p>Library staff were also beginning to request new features that were thus increasingly awkward to implement.&nbsp; Rather than leap through hoops to satisfy them within the framework of the existing system, it made sense to add them into the design process for a full redesign.</p> <p>It was also felt that the pure CGI-driven user interface could do with a revamp.&nbsp; The earlier LORLS user interfaces used only basic HTML forms, with little in the way of client-side scripting.&nbsp; Whilst that meant that they tended to work on any web browser and were pretty accessible, they were also a bit clunky compared to some of the newer dynamic web sites.</p> <p>A distinct separation of the user interface from the back-end database was decided upon to improve localization and portability of the system as earlier versions of LORLS had already shown that many sites took the base code and then customised the user interface parts of the CGI scripts to their own look and feel.&nbsp; The older CGI scripts were a mix of user interaction elements and database access and processing, which made this task a bit more difficult than it really needed to be.</p> <p>Separating the database code from the user interface code would let people easily tinker with one without unduly affecting the other.&nbsp; It would also allow local experimentation with multiple user-interface designs for different user communities or devices.</p> <p>This implied that a set of application programming interfaces (APIs) would need to be defined. As asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX)[<a href="#3">3</a>] interactions had been successful applied in a number of recent projects the team had worked on, XML was chosen as the format to be used.&nbsp; At first simple object access protocol (SOAP) style XML requests was experimented with, as well as XML responses, but it was soon realised that SOAP was far too heavy-weight for most of the API calls, so a lighter ‘RESTful’ API was selected.&nbsp; The API was formed of CGI scripts that took normal parameters as input and returned XML documents for the client to parse and display.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/knight-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up gary brewerton jason cooper jon knight google harvard university loughborough university microsoft gnu access control ajax api archives authentication bibliographic data blog cache chrome cookie data database digital library e-learning framework google books gpl html javascript jquery json library management systems licence metadata moodle mysql open source perl refworks restful schema shibboleth soap software sql standards web browser xml z39.50 zip Sat, 28 Jul 2012 14:32:55 +0000 lisrw 2354 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Blogging and RSS - A Librarian's Guide, 2nd Edition http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/cope-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue66/cope-rvw#author1">Elly Cope</a> reviews the second edition of this book in which the author explains how RSS and blogging can be used by librarians and libraries.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Michael P. Sauers is a trainer in Internet technologies and this book is intended for librarians who have heard of blogging and RSS and want to start using these tools as soon as possible, but who may not have the expertise or confidence in their ability to start by themselves.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/cope-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue66 review elly cope google university of bath aggregation blog cataloguing microblogging perl podcast rdf rss search technology syndication twitter url Sun, 30 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1616 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: SeeAlso: A Simple Linkserver Protocol http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/voss <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/voss#author1">Jakob Voss</a> combines OpenSearch and unAPI to enrich catalogues.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2 to take in final edits on code fragments, etc --><!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2 to take in final edits on code fragments, etc --><p>In recent years the principle of Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) has grown increasingly important in digital library systems. More and more core functionalities are becoming available in the form of Web-based, standardised services which can be combined dynamically to operate across a broader environment [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/voss" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 feature article jakob voss d-lib magazine google ieee oai w3c cpan jisc information environment wikipedia api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing cloud computing creative commons csv data database digital library firefox framework html hypertext identifier javascript json library management systems librarything licence lod metadata microformats namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative open data open source open standard openurl perl rdf rfc search technology soa software sparql sql sru standards syndication tag cloud uri url web 2.0 web services wiki xml xslt Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1436 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Integrating Journal Back Files Into an Existing Electronic Environment http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/cooper <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/cooper#author1">Jason Cooper</a> describes how Loughborough University Library integrated a number of collections of journal back files into their existing electronic environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/cooper" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 feature article jason cooper jisc jisc collections loughborough university archives browser cataloguing data database dspace dublin core institutional repository library management systems licence marc metadata moodle open source openurl passwords perl repositories schema search technology sfx url xml xml schema z39.50 Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1407 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Intute Integration http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/joyce-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author1">Angela Joyce</a>, <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author2">Jackie Wickham</a>, <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author3">Phil Cross</a> and <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author4">Chris Stephens</a> describe Intute's ongoing Integration Project, which is promoting and developing integration of Intute content in the UK academic library community.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The evolution of the Web has changed the way that people access information. Web 2.0 technologies have allowed information providers to integrate their services in people's existing online spaces, and users expect to be able to synthesise, edit and customise content for their own specific purposes. Intute, the JISC-funded service that aims to offer the best of the Web for Higher and Further Education, has responded to these changes by developing a variety of integration services which offer flexible ways of delivering its content to users.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/joyce-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article angela joyce chris stephens jackie wickham phil cross amazon cilip google intute jisc microsoft nhs oai ukoln university of bristol university of leeds university of nottingham university of oxford university of the west of england accessibility api blog browser cataloguing cloud computing content management css data database dublin core e-learning facebook firefox further education html internet explorer javascript linux marc metadata mysql oai-pmh open standard perl personalisation php plain text research resource discovery rss search technology software sru standards tag cloud url utf-8 web 2.0 web resources xml z39.50 Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1389 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk SWORD: Simple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/allinson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author2">Sebastien Francois</a> and <a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author3">Stuart Lewis</a> describe the JISC-funded SWORD Project which has produced a lightweight protocol for repository deposit.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/allinson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 feature article julie allinson sebastien francois stuart lewis aberystwyth university cetis jisc microsoft oai oclc open knowledge initiative ukoln university of bath university of southampton university of york jisc information environment repositories research team sword project apache api application profile archives atom authentication blog data data set digital library dissemination dspace eprints facebook fedora commons gif interoperability java jpeg ldap learning objects licence metadata mets namespace oai-ore open access open archives initiative open source osid passwords perl php preservation repositories rfc scholarly works application profile search technology software sru standards sword protocol syndication tagging url web app web resources web services wiki xml zip Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1366 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Blended Learning http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/whalley-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/whalley-rvw#author1">Brian Whalley</a> reviews Barbara Allan's book on blended learning for Information and Library Science staff and educational developers.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>As the author says, 'The overall aim of this book is to provide a practical guide to library and information workers who are involved in education and training, and who are interested in designing and delivering blended learning experiences to their colleagues and customers'. I come from an academic geology background but with an interest in teaching and ICT in teaching.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/whalley-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 review brian whalley queens university belfast ajax blog e-learning higher education ict library management systems perl standards video Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1382 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Mastering Regular Expressions, 3rd Edition http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw#author2">Greg Tourte</a> take a look at the new edition of an O'Reilly classic.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_Needles_Haystacks_and_Magnets">Introduction: Needles, Haystacks and Magnets</h2> <p>Since the early days of metadata, powerful textual search methods have been, as Wodehouse's Wooster might have put it, 'of the essence'. Effective use of search engines is all about understanding the use of the rich query syntax supported by that particular software. Examples include the use of Boolean logic (AND, OR and NOT), and wildcards, such as <em><strong>*</strong></em> and <em><strong>?</strong></em>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 review emma tonkin greg tourte google oreilly ukoln university of bristol archives ascii csv data database digital library eprints html interoperability java metadata perl php programming language search technology software text mining url Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1363 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Google Hacks http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/bradley-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue50/bradley-rvw#author1">Phil Bradley</a> looks at a work offering programming 'know-how' to create resources that will do things with the search engine that might otherwise prove difficult or impossible.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The subtitle for the book is 'Tips and tools for finding and using the world's information' which does neatly sum up its content. This is the third edition, so it is clearly popular, and has been updated to include information and hacks for Google maps, talk and desktop. As with any O'Reilly title, it is very clearly laid out, easy to read, with extremely good illustrations, small icons to indicate tips or notes of caution, plus an in-depth and thorough index. Each hack is clearly indicated by typography, an icon and the top corner of each page indicates the numbered hack.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/bradley-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue50 review phil bradley google oreilly google maps html javascript perl python search technology web 2.0 Tue, 30 Jan 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1302 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Managing Electronic Records http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/foster-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/foster-rvw#author1">Lise Foster</a> finds much to think about in this wide-ranging collection of essays on the fast-developing field of electronic records management.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>As someone with some theoretical knowledge and technical skills getting involved in the practicalities for the first time, I found considerable food for thought in this book.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/foster-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 review lise foster london south bank university south bank university archives digital preservation document management foi knowledge management metadata mp3 perl preservation research url Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1221 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Putting the Library Into the Institution: Using JSR 168 and WSRP to Enable Search Within Portal Frameworks http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/awre <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/awre#author1">Chris Awre</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author2">Stewart Waller</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author3">Jon Allen</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author4">Matthew J Dovey</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author5">Jon Hunter</a> and <a href="/issue45/awre#author6">Ian Dolphin</a> describe the investigations and technical development undertaken within the JISC-funded Contextual Resource Evaluation Environment (CREE) Project to enable the presentation of existing search tools within portal frameworks using the JSR 168 and WSRP portlet standards.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Under the aegis of the UK Joint Information Systems Committee's (JISC) Portals Programme [<a href="#1">1</a>] development projects have taken place to investigate the use of portals as the presentation path for a variety of search tools. A major output from these projects has been the development of a portal interface, a Web site that users could come to in order to make use of the functionality that the portal provided, particularly searching. Each project, as a key part of its investigations, created its own such interface and Web site.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/awre" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 feature article chris awre ian dolphin jon allen jon hunter matthew dovey stewart waller ahds d-lib magazine edina google ibm jisc oasis oracle oxford university computing services university of edinburgh university of hull university of oxford university of york cree jafer libportal wikipedia aggregation apache api cataloguing content management data file format framework geospatial data gis html infrastructure interoperability intranet java managed learning environment open source perl portal repositories schema search technology software standards stylesheet uportal url vle web portal web services wsrp xml xml schema xslt z39.50 Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1185 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DAEDALUS: Delivering the Glasgow EPrints Service http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/greig-nixon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/greig-nixon#author1">Morag Greig</a> and William Nixon describe the key aims and findings of the DAEDALUS Project and the Glasgow ePrints Service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.gla.ac.uk/daedalus">DAEDALUS</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] was a three-year project (August 2002-July 2005) based at the University of Glasgow and funded by JISC's Focus on Access to Institutional Resources (<a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_fair ">FAIR</a>) Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>]. The project established a number of different services for research material at the University of Glasgow.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/greig-nixon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 feature article morag greig william nixon elsevier google jisc oai university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus gnu archives bibliographic data copyright data database dissemination dspace dublin core ejournal eprints google scholar infrastructure institutional repository java metadata oai-pmh open access open archives initiative open source perl repositories research search technology software solaris Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1189 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk E-Archiving: An Overview of Some Repository Management Software Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Marion Prudlo discusses LOCKSS, EPrints, and DSpace in terms of who uses them, their cost, underlying technology, the required know-how, and functionalities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In recent years initiatives to create software packages for electronic repository management have mushroomed all over the world. Some institutions engage in these activities in order to preserve content that might otherwise be lost, others in order to provide greater access to material that might otherwise be too obscure to be widely used such as grey literature. The open access movement has also been an important factor in this development. Digital initiatives such as pre-print, post-print, and document servers are being created to come up with new ways of publishing.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article mariion prudio d-lib magazine google hewlett-packard massachusetts institute of technology oai queensland university of technology stanford university stm university of pittsburgh university of queensland university of southampton gnu accessibility apache archives bibliographic data cache copyright data data set database digital library digital repositories dspace dublin core ejournal eprints file format gif html identifier java jpg licence linux metadata mysql open access open archives initiative open source openurl operating system perl png preservation preservation metadata rdbms repositories research schema search technology software solaris tomcat url video xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1141 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk 10th CETIS-TechDis Accessibility Special Interest Group Meeting http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/acc-sig-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/acc-sig-rpt#author1">Ann Chapman</a> reports on a one-day meeting that focused among other things on accessibility in virtual learning environments and personal learning profiles.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Having recently joined the CETIS-TechDis Accessibility SIG (Special Interest Group), I attended the 10th meeting of the group in York on 16 March 2005. The meeting was held in the very new (opened that week) Higher Education Academy Building on the University of York campus where TechDis now has its offices. There was in interesting mix of digital artists, metadata officers, lecturers, project staff and programmers from both universities and colleges, along with people from Becta, JORUM and Key2Access Ltd.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/acc-sig-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 event report ann chapman becta cerlim cetis ibm ims loughborough university manchester metropolitan university rnib staffordshire university ukoln university of wales university of york w3c jorum accessibility data e-learning flash higher education html java metadata mobile passwords perl software usability usb vle Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1153 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Making the Case for a Wiki http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> examines wikis and considers the feasibility of their deployment - and the danger of the 'tumbleweed' syndrome.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_What_is_a_Wiki">Introduction: What is a Wiki?</h2> <p>Software use cases are necessarily incomplete, a failing which seems to intensify in reverse proportion to the degree of simplicity in the software in question. Complex software responds to a given set of requirements, simple software as a partial solution to a much broader problem set. More concisely put, certain ideas just seem to catch on, particularly the simple, brilliant, 'now why didn't I think of that' class of ideas.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article emma tonkin ukoln university of oxford wikipedia access control archives authentication blog content management data database html hypertext interoperability intranet knowledge base perl php python repositories research rss ruby search technology soap software syndication web development wiki xml Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1113 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Developing Portal Services and Evaluating How Users Want to Use Them: The CREE Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/awre-cree <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author1">Chris Awre</a>, <a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author2">Matthew J Dovey</a>, <a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author3">Jon Hunter</a>, <a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author4">William Kilbride</a> and <a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author5">Ian Dolphin</a> describe the JISC-funded Contextual Resource Evaluation Environment (CREE) Project and its user and technical investigations to examine how users wish to use library search services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The JISC-funded <a href="http://www.fair-portal.hull.ac.uk">PORTAL Project</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] examined and established which services users wished to have made available through an institutional portal. The results of this project have provided firm guidance to institutional portal developers in planning the services they wished to present. In particular, there was common demand amongst users for access to library-based services and resources within a portal environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/awre-cree" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 feature article chris awre ian dolphin jon hunter matthew dovey william kilbride ahds edina google ibm jisc oasis oracle oxford university computing services university of edinburgh university of hull university of oxford university of york cree jafer jisc information environment portole xgrain zblsa accessibility archives bibliographic data cataloguing copac data data set database dissemination framework further education higher education interoperability java openurl perl portal research search technology software sru srw standards stylesheet uportal url vle web services wsrp xslt z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1081 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Do Application Profiles Reveal about the Learning Object Metadata Standard? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/godby <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/godby#author1">Jean Godby</a> assesses the customised subsets of metadata elements that have been defined by 35 projects using the LOM standard to describe e-learning resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="A_Metadata_Standard_for_Learning_Objects">A Metadata Standard for Learning Objects</h2> <p>As learning objects grow in number and importance, institutions are faced with the daunting task of managing them. Like familiar items in library collections, learning objects need to be organised by subject and registered in searchable repositories. But they also introduce special problems. As computer files, they are dependent on a particular hardware and software environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/godby" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 feature article jean godby becta cetis coalition for networked information cornell university d-lib magazine ieee ims ims global learning consortium library of congress mpeg national science foundation oai oclc university of bath failte aggregation application profile archives bibliographic data bibliographic record cataloguing controlled vocabularies copyright data dcmi digital library digital repositories dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning framework further education graphics identifier infrastructure intellectual property interoperability learning design learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata mets mods multimedia namespace open access open archives initiative perl repositories research resource discovery schema scorm search technology software standards uk lom core vocabularies xml Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1083 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="headlines"></a> <a name="events"></a><a name="news"></a></p> <h3 id="Hyper_Clumps_Mini_Clumps_and_National_Catalogues..."><a name="events0"></a>Hyper Clumps, Mini Clumps and National Catalogues...</h3> <p>The JISC-funded CC-interop Project completed its work during 2004 and now is holding an event to disseminate the key findings of the project. The project built on the work of the successful eLib Phase 3 "Clumps" projects and investigated three broad areas to inform about interoperability between physical and distributed union catalogues. Find out about:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 news and events richard waller ahds austrian national library becta british library edina jisc kings college london manchester metropolitan university mimas mla museum of london tasi the national archives university of edinburgh university of manchester university of oxford cc-interop elib gnu jisc information environment jorum l2l worldcat aggregation algorithm apache archives atom authentication cataloguing copac copyright data database digital library digital preservation digitisation e-learning ebook framework free software further education gnu lesser general public license groovy html ict infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability knowledge base knowledge management learning objects licence linux mac os metadata multimedia mysql namespace national library openurl perl personalisation portal preservation rdf repositories research resource discovery rss rtf search technology software standards streaming tagging url video windows xml xsl z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1098 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk An Introduction to the Search/Retrieve URL Service (SRU) http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/morgan <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/morgan#author1">Eric Lease Morgan</a> describes sibling Web Service protocols designed to define a standard form for Internet search queries as well as the structure of the responses.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article is an introduction to the "brother and sister" Web Service protocols named Search/Retrieve Web Service (SRW) and Search/Retrieve URL Service (SRU) with an emphasis on the later. More specifically, the article outlines the problems SRW/U are intended to solve, the similarities and differences between SRW and SRU, the complimentary nature of the protocols with OAI-PMH, and how SRU is being employed in a sponsored NSF (National Science Foundation) grant called OCKHAM to facilitate an alerting service.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/morgan" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 feature article eric lease morgan emory university google national science foundation oai oclc university of notre dame api browser cataloguing cql data database digital library dtd dublin core identifier information architecture library management systems marc metadata mets mods oai-pmh perl plain text repositories rss schema search technology secure shell sfx soap sru srw ssh standards stylesheet telnet uri url vocabularies web services xhtml xml xml schema xsl xslt Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1052 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Filling Institutional Repositories: Practical Strategies from the DAEDALUS Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/mackie <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/mackie#author1">Morag Mackie</a> describes some strategies that can be used to help populate an institutional repository.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.lib.gla.ac.uk/daedalus/index.html">DAEDALUS</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a three-year project based at the University of Glasgow funded under the JISC Focus on Access to Institutional Resources (<a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_fair">FAIR</a>) Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>]. The main focus of the project has been developing institutional repositories to hold content ranging from peer-reviewed published papers to theses and working papers.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/mackie" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 feature article morag mackie jisc oai queensland university of technology sherpa university of glasgow wellcome trust daedalus romeo archives bibliographic data copyright data database eprints institutional repository licence metadata open access perl preservation rae repositories research software standards Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1031 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Through the Web Authoring Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/browning#author1">Paul Browning</a> offers a technical review of new approaches to Web publishing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Web is over ten years old but it has yet to realise the vision of its founder - '.... it should be possible for grandma to take a photo of grandchildren and put it on the web immediately and without fuss ....'[<a href="#1">1</a>]. The Web, for most of its users, remains a read-only medium.</p> <p>The 'Universal Canvas' is a term introduced by Microsoft; two definitions are [<a href="#2">2</a>]:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 tooled up paul browning jisc microsoft ucisa university of bristol apache api browser chrome content management css dhtml dom flash framework ftp higher education html instant messaging internet explorer java javascript licence linux mac os metadata open source operating system passwords perl php plain text plone schema software standards stylesheet telnet url web development widget windows xhtml xml xml schema xslt xul Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1037 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk At the Event: The EPrints UK Workshop http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/eprints-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/eprints-rpt#author1">Phil Cross</a>, <a href="/issue39/eprints-rpt#author2">Debra Hiom</a> and <a href="/issue39/eprints-rpt#author3">Emma Place</a> report on this workshop which was held at the University of Bath in February 2004.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The workshop was aimed at those interested in setting up institutional e-print servers where the outputs of their organisation (journal articles, papers, reports etc) could be published, stored and searched via a central institutional server. The event was fully booked which perhaps indicates that universities, colleges, academics and librarians are increasingly recognising the value of the e-print publishing model.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/eprints-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 event report debra hiom emma place phil cross ilrt jisc sherpa ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of nottingham university of southampton eprints uk gnu sosig apache archives bibliographic data copyright data database dissemination dspace ejournal eprints identifier institutional repository intellectual property java licence metadata mysql open access open archives initiative open source perl preservation provenance rae repositories research resource discovery software standards tomcat Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1039 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 38: The Quality of Metadata Is Not Strained http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/editorial <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/editorial#author1">Richard Waller</a> introduces Ariadne issue 38.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>At a time when long-running institutions such as <em>Ariadne</em> are understandably mindful of their independence [<a href="#1">1</a>], the decision not to persist in the editorial inclination to lead on articles slightly at a tangent to the main thrust of <em>Ariadne</em>'s work might be considered craven. However, under any other circumstances it might justifiably have been considered perverse and hence I begin by drawing your attention to the article by <strong>Marieke Guy</strong>, <strong>Andy Powell</strong> and <strong>Michael Day</strong>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/editorial" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 editorial richard waller ahds bbc jisc oai ukoln daedalus portole accessibility archives data dspace e-learning electronic theses eprints further education interoperability metadata oai-pmh open archives initiative perl repositories resource discovery software standards url xml z39.50 Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1001 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Building OAI-PMH Harvesters With Net::OAI::Harvester http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/summers <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/summers#author1">Ed Summers</a> describes Net::OAI::Harvester, the Perl package for easily interacting with OAI-PMH repositories as a metadata harvester. Ed provides examples of how to use Net::OAI::Harvester to write short programs which execute each of the 6 OAI-PMH verbs.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Net::OAI::Harvester is a Perl package for easily interacting with OAI-PMH repositories as a metadata harvester. The article provides examples of how to use Net::OAI::Harvester to write short programs that execute each of the 6 OAI-PMH verbs. Issues related to efficient XML parsing of OAI-PMH responses are discussed, as are specific techniques used by Net::OAI::Harvester.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/summers" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article ed summers library of congress oai cpan archives data database doc dom dublin core ead identifier marc21 metadata mets mods oai-pmh open archives initiative perl programming language repositories schema url web app xml Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1005 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DSpace Vs. ETD-db: Choosing Software to Manage Electronic Theses and Dissertations http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/jones <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/jones#author1">Richard Jones</a> examines the similarities and differences between DSpace and ETD-db to determine their applicability in a modern E-theses service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The <a href="http://www.thesesalive.ac.uk/">Theses Alive!</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] Project, based at Edinburgh University Library and funded under the JISC Fair Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>], is aiming to produce, among other things, a software solution for institutions in the UK to implement their own E-theses or Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) online submission system and repository. In order to achieve this it has been necessary to examine existing packages that may provide all or part of the solution we desire before considering what extra development we may need to do.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/jones" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article richard jones hewlett-packard iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology oai sun microsystems university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus apache archives authentication copyright data database digital library digital preservation document management dspace dublin core electronic theses eprints file format ftp identifier infrastructure institutional repository interoperability java licence linux lucene metadata mysql oai-pmh open archives initiative open source passwords perl preservation programming language repositories research schema scripting language search technology software standards tomcat Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1008 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What's in EEVL for Further Education http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/eevl <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="#author1"><strong>Roddy MacLeod</strong></a> gives<br /> an overview of the services and plans EEVL has for students and practitioners<br /> in the Further Education sector.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>"Indispensible, much better than using Google" was a comment about <a href="http://www.eevl.ac.uk/">EEVL</a>, the Internet guide to engineering, mathematics and computing, from one FE Tutor who attended an RSC (Regional Support Centre) event last year. It is not surprising that he was enthusiastic as there is a great deal of content in EEVL of interest to staff and students in Further Education (FE). In fact, EEVL has a surprisingly wide appeal, as was recognised recently by <a href="http://www.schoolzone.co.uk/">Schoolzone</a>, a service which features Web sites reviewed by UK teachers.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/eevl" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article roddy macleod bbc google heriot-watt university institute of physics jisc eevl cataloguing data database e-learning ejournal further education ict perl portal research resource discovery rss search technology software Fri, 30 Jan 2004 21:21:06 +0000 admin 1680 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Delivering OAI Records As RSS: An IMesh Toolkit Module for Facilitating Resource Sharing http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/duke <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/duke#author1">Monica Duke</a> provides an overview of a means of providing records in RSS through the use of an IMesh Toolkit module that supports resource sharing. The content of this article was presented at the 4th Open Archives Forum Workshop</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Subject Gateways act as a main point of access to high-quality resources on the Web. They are resource discovery guides that provide links to information resources which can be whole Web sites, organisational home pages and other collections or services, themed around a specific subject, such as the physical sciences or humanities. At their core is a catalogue of rich metadata records that describe Internet resources - subject specialists identify and select the resources and create the descriptions.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/duke" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article monica duke google jisc national library of australia oai ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of wisconsin jisc information environment aggregation archives cataloguing copyright digital library doi dublin core framework html identifier interoperability metadata national library oai-pmh open archives initiative perl portal rdf repositories research resource discovery resource sharing rss schema search technology software standards subject gateway uri url urn xml Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 989 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DAEDALUS: Initial Experiences With EPrints and DSpace at the University of Glasgow http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/nixon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/nixon#author1">William Nixon</a> provides an overview of the DAEDALUS initial experience with the GNU EPrints and DSpace software and the decision to employ both.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.lib.gla.ac.uk/daedalus/index.html ">DAEDALUS</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a three-year JISC-funded project under the <a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_fair">FAIR</a> Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>] which will build a network of open access digital collections at the University of Glasgow. These collections will enable us to unlock access to a wide range of our institutional scholarly output. This output includes not only published and peer-reviewed papers but also administrative documents, research finding aids, pre-prints and theses.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/nixon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article william nixon digital preservation coalition hewlett-packard jisc lund university massachusetts institute of technology oai sherpa university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus gnu access control apache archives bibliographic data bsd bsd licence copyright data set database digital preservation digital repositories dspace electronic theses eprints free software java licence linux metadata multimedia mysql oai-pmh open access open archives initiative operating system perl preservation programming language repositories research search technology software solaris stylesheet tomcat url xml Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 993 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Exposing Information Resources for E-learning http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/powell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/powell#author1">Steve Richardson</a> and <a href="/issue34/powell#author2">Andy Powell</a> on Harvesting and searching IMS metadata using both the OAI Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, and the Z39.50 Protocol.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="An_introduction_to_the_IMS_Digital_Repositories_Working_Group">An introduction to the IMS Digital Repositories Working Group</h3> <p><a href="http://www.imsglobal.org/">IMS</a> [1] is a global consortium that develops open specifications to support the delivery of e-learning through Learning Management Systems (LMS). (Note: in UK higher and further education we tend to use the term Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) in preference to LMS).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/powell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 feature article andy powell steve richardson ims jisc oai ukoln university of bath eevl jisc information environment sosig accessibility archives bath profile bibliographic data cataloguing content packaging data data set database digital repositories dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning further education identifier ims content packaging information retrieval internet explorer interoperability learning management system learning objects library management systems metadata mysql oai-pmh open archives initiative open source perl php portal repositories research resource discovery schema search technology simple dublin core soap standards url vle web portal xml xml schema z39.50 Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 925 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Planet SOSIG: A Spring-clean for SOSIG: A Systematic Approach to Collection Management http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/planet-sosig <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/planet-sosig#author1">Lesly Huxley</a>, <a href="/issue33/planet-sosig#author2">Emma Place</a>, <a href="/issue33/planet-sosig#author3">David Boyd</a>, and <a href="/issue33/planet-sosig#author4">Phil Cross</a> report on a spring-cleaning exercise for SOSIG using a systematic approach to collection management.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="The_SOSIG_collection">The SOSIG collection</h3> <p>The core of the SOSIG service, the Internet Catalogue, now holds over 21,000 structured metadata records describing Internet resources relevant to social science teaching, learning and research. Established in 1994, SOSIG is one of the longest-running subject gateways in Europe. Our section editors have been seeking out, evaluating and describing social science Internet resources, developing the collection so that it now covers 17 top-level subject headings with over 1000 sub-sections.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/planet-sosig" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 regular column david boyd emma place lesly huxley phil cross ilrt sosig cataloguing data database identifier metadata perl research search technology url web resources Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 914 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Windows Explorer: The Index Server Companion http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/nt-explorer#author1">Brett Burridge</a> describes the Index Server Companion, an application he has created that allows Microsoft Index Server to index content from remote websites and ODBC databases.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Microsoft's Index Server is a service supplied with the Windows NT 4.0 Server and Windows 2000 Server products. The service indexes HTML and other content residing on the file system. These indexed files may be queried using a number of techniques, but of particular relevance to web developers is the ability to build completely customised search facilities based on Active Server Pages (ASP) by making use of Index Server's Component Object Model (COM) objects.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brett burridge microsoft oracle university of essex adobe apache browser cataloguing css data database doc e-business file sharing html ldap linux microsoft office mobile mysql open source operating system perl php plain text rtf samba search technology software sql sql server standards url web app web browser windows Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 917 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Evolution of an Institutional E-prints Archive at the University of Glasgow http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/eprint-archives <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue32/eprint-archives#author1">William Nixon</a> with some practical advice based on the Glasgow experience.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article outlines the aims of the e-prints archive at the University of Glasgow and recounts our initial experiences in setting up an institutional e-prints archive using the eprints.org software. It follows on from the recent article by Stephen Pinfield, John MacColl and Mike Gardner in the last issue of Ariadne [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/eprint-archives" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue32 feature article william nixon california digital library d-lib magazine jisc library of congress oai university of glasgow daedalus apache archives bibliographic data browser cataloguing copyright data digital library dublin core eprints further education graphics higher education html java lcsh metadata mysql oai-pmh open access open archives initiative perl repositories research schema search technology software solaris standards url xml Sun, 07 Jul 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 885 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Setting up an Institutional E-Print Archive http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/eprint-archives <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue31/eprint-archives#author1">Stephen Pinfield</a>, <a href="/issue31/eprint-archives#author2">Mike Gardner</a>, and <a href="/issue31/eprint-archives#author3">John MacColl</a> with some practical advice on setting up an e-print archive.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article outlines some of the main stages in setting up an institutional e-print archive. It is based on experiences at the universities of Edinburgh and Nottingham which have both recently developed pilot e-print servers(<a href="#1">1</a>). It is not the intention here to present arguments in favour of open access e-print archives – this has been done elsewhere(<a href="#2">2</a>). Rather, it is hoped to present give an account of some of the practical issues that arise in the early stages of establishing an archive in a higher education institution.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/eprint-archives" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 feature article john maccoll mike gardner stephen pinfield cornell university d-lib magazine jisc oai oais university of edinburgh university of nottingham university of southampton accessibility apache archives ascii controlled vocabularies copyright data database digital library digital preservation dissemination document format dublin core eprints file format framework higher education html intellectual property interoperability latex ldap linux metadata mysql open access open archives initiative passwords perl preservation rae repositories research search technology software standards url vocabularies web development Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 865 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The AIM25 Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/aim25 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue31/aim25#author1">Robert Baxter</a>, <a href="/issue31/aim25#author2">Frances Blomeley</a> and <a href="/issue31/aim25#author3">Rachel Kemsley</a> present AIM25, a project providing electronic access to descriptions of archives held in various London institutions.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>AIM25 (Archives in London and the M25 area), a project funded by the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) [1], and led by King's College London, provides a single point of networked access to collection descriptions of archives held in 49 higher education (HE) institutions and learned societies in the greater London area. The project has intended, where possible, to be comprehensive in its coverage of holdings by including deposited collections, in a wide range of subject areas, and also the administrative records of the participating institutions.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/aim25" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 feature article frances blomeley rachel kemsley robert baxter kings college london oai school of oriental and african studies ukoln university of london archives hub archives cataloguing collection description data data set database digital archive dissemination ead framework higher education information retrieval infrastructure interoperability lcsh medical subject headings mysql national library open archives initiative perl rdf repositories research resource description rslp schema search technology sgml software standards thesaurus url z39.50 Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 870 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Guidelines for URI Naming Policies http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue31/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> with some guidelines For URI naming policies in his regular column.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Cool_URIs">"Cool URIs"</h2> <p>What are "cool URIs"? This term comes from advice provided by W3C (the World Wide Web Consortium). The paper "Cool URIs don't change" <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a> begins by saying:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 tooled up brian kelly alt google microsoft ukoln university of bath university of oxford w3c apache browser content negotiation cool uri css database e-government file format framework ftp gif graphics higher education html hypertext identifier infrastructure internet explorer interoperability java javascript licence mathml multimedia perl php png rss scripting language search technology semantic web smil software standards svg uri url usability vector graphics web browser web services xhtml xml Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 878 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk