Overview of content related to 'plain text' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1377/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en eMargin: A Collaborative Textual Annotation Tool http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/kehoe-gee <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/kehoe-gee#author1">Andrew Kehoe</a> and <a href="/issue71/kehoe-gee#author2">Matt Gee</a> describe their Jisc-funded eMargin collaborative textual annotation tool, showing how it has widened its focus through integration with Virtual Learning Environments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the Research and Development Unit for English Studies (RDUES) at Birmingham City University, our main research field is Corpus Linguistics: the compilation and analysis of large text collections in order to extract new knowledge about language. We have previously developed the WebCorp [<a href="#1">1</a>] suite of software tools, designed to extract language examples from the Web and to uncover frequent and changing usage patterns automatically. eMargin, with its emphasis on <em>manual</em> annotation and analysis, was therefore somewhat of a departure for us.</p> <p>The eMargin Project came about in 2007 when we attempted to apply our automated Corpus Linguistic analysis techniques to the study of English Literature. To do this, we built collections of works by particular authors and made these available through our WebCorp software, allowing other researchers to examine, for example, how Dickens uses the word ‘woman’, how usage varies across his novels, and which other words are associated with ‘woman’ in Dickens’ works.</p> <p>What we found was that, although our tools were generally well received, there was some resistance amongst literary scholars to this large-scale automated analysis of literary texts. Our top-down approach, relying on frequency counts and statistical analyses, was contrary to the traditional bottom-up approach employed in the discipline, relying on the intuition of literary scholars. In order to develop new software to meet the requirements of this new audience, we needed to gain a deeper understanding of the traditional approach and its limitations.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="logo: eMargin logo" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue71-kehoe-gee/emargin-logo.png" style="width: 250px; height: 63px;" title="logo: eMargin logo" /></p> <h2 id="The_Traditional_Approach">The Traditional Approach</h2> <p>A long-standing problem in the study of English Literature is that the material being studied – the literary text – is often many hundreds of pages in length, yet the teacher must encourage class discussion and focus this on particular themes and passages. Compounding the problem is the fact that, often, not all students in the class have read the text in its entirety.</p> <p>The traditional mode of study in the discipline is ‘close reading’: the detailed examination and interpretation of short text extracts down to individual word level. This variety of ‘practical criticism’ was greatly influenced by the work of I.A. Richards in the 1920s [<a href="#2">2</a>] but can actually be traced back to the 11<sup>th</sup> Century [<a href="#3">3</a>]. What this approach usually involves in practice in the modern study of English Literature is that the teacher will specify a passage for analysis, often photocopying this and distributing it to the students. Students will then read the passage several times, underlining words or phrases which seem important, writing notes in the margin, and making links between different parts of the passage, drawing out themes and motifs. On each re-reading, the students’ analysis gradually takes shape (see Figure 1). Close reading takes place either in preparation for seminars or in small groups during seminars, and the teacher will then draw together the individual analyses during a plenary session in the classroom.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/kehoe-gee" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up andrew kehoe matt gee ahrc amazon birmingham city university blackboard british library cetis d-lib magazine google ims global ims global learning consortium jisc niso university of leicester university of oxford wikipedia accessibility aggregation ajax api big data blog browser data database digital library ebook free software html interoperability intranet java javascript jquery metadata moodle plain text repositories research search technology software standards tag cloud tagging tei url vle web browser wiki windows xml Thu, 04 Jul 2013 17:20:45 +0000 lisrw 2467 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: From Lending to Learning http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/davies-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/davies-rvw#author1">Tim Davies</a> reviews a spirited defence of public libraries, which tries to define their core purpose and which argues for a re-positioning of their place in society.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>For those of us who work in public libraries these are, in the words of the old Chinese proverb, 'interesting times'. The service is under scrutiny at both local and national levels, with an intensity unknown in previous generations. Public libraries are in the news, with headline stories on the BBC's <em>Today</em> and <em>Newsnight</em>. They are the focus of demonstrations and read-ins, as councils struggle to balance severely reduced budgets.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/davies-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 review tim davies bbc north lincolnshire library jisc information environment wikipedia dvd ebook information retrieval information society plain text research standards Sat, 18 Feb 2012 23:25:28 +0000 lisrw 2228 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Towards Interoperabilty of European Language Resources http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/ananiadou-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/ananiadou-et-al#author1">Sophia Ananiadou</a> and colleagues describe an ambitious new initiative to accelerate Europe-wide language technology research, helped by their work on promoting interoperability of language resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- start main content --><!-- start main content --><p>A core component of the European Union is a common market with a single information space that works with around two dozen national languages and many regional languages. This wide variety of languages presents linguistic barriers that can severely limit the free flow of goods, information and services throughout Europe.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/ananiadou-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 feature article dean andrew jackson john keane john mcnaught paul thompson philip j r day sophia ananiadou steve pettifer teresa k attwood yoshinobu kano ibm meta-net university of manchester university of oxford university of tokyo data database e-science framework ict identifier information retrieval information society interoperability java metadata named entity recognition natural language processing plain text programming language repositories research search technology software standards tagging text mining uima web services xml Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1619 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Characterising and Preserving Digital Repositories: File Format Profiles http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant#author1">Steve Hitchcock</a> and <a href="/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant#author2">David Tarrant</a> show how file format profiles, the starting point for preservation plans and actions, can also be used to reveal the fingerprints of emerging types of institutional repositories.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue66 feature article david tarrant steve hitchcock amazon google harvard university jisc microsoft mpeg the national archives university of illinois university of northampton university of southampton university of the arts london wellcome library jisc information environment keepit wikipedia accessibility adobe archives bibliographic data blog cloud computing css csv curation data data management database digital curation digital preservation digital repositories dissemination document format droid eprints file format flash flash video framework gif graphics html hypertext identifier institutional repository java jpeg latex linked data metadata mpeg-1 open access open source photoshop php plain text preservation quicktime repositories research schema semantic web software standards vector graphics video web 2.0 wiki windows windows media xml xml schema Sun, 30 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1608 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk eBooks: Tipping or Vanishing Point? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> investigates ebooks and takes a look at recent technological and business developments in this area.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Due in large part to the appearance since mid-2006 of increasingly affordable devices making use of e-Ink technology (a monochrome display supporting a high-resolution image despite low battery use, since the screen consumes power only during page refreshes, which in the case of ebooks generally represent page turns), the ebook has gone from a somewhat limited market into a real, although presently still niche, contender. Amazon sold 500,000 Kindles in 2008 [<a href="#1">1</a>]; Sony sold 300,000 of its Reader Digital Book model between October 2006 and October 2009. In September 2009, ebooks represented between 1% and 3% of the total US publishing market [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p>Following the JISC National eBooks Observatory Study [<a href="#3">3</a>] in the UK, one participant, David Nicolas, was quoted as stating that ebooks have 'reached the tipping point' [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Keeping in mind Bohr's statement that, 'prediction is very difficult, especially about the future', it's nonetheless safe to say that publicity about these devices is currently at a high point. But for ebook readers, as Figure 1 shows, this is not their first time in the spotlight.</p> <blockquote><p>"A good book has no ending. ~R.D. Cumming"</p></blockquote> <p>This article marks the third time that <em>Ariadne</em> has discussed the subject of ebooks, namely "Ebooks in UK Libraries: Where are we now?" [<a href="#5">5</a>] and "e-Books for the Future: Here But Hiding?" [<a href="#6">6</a>]. There is something very beguiling about the idea of a book that has 'the marvelous chameleon-like quality that it can very quickly be made to substitute for a different printed work by simply loading different content' [<a href="#7">7</a>] - a book that can play the role of a <em>library</em>.</p> <p>As Striphas [<a href="#8">8</a>] points out, the concept of the electronic book, and the exploration of the interaction between the size of a container and the quantity of knowledge held, has an extraordinarily long history. He traces the idea back to the creation of miniature manuscript books, composed of 'tiny handwriting, or micrographia', in the late 15th century, which were functional objects and could be read by means of a magnifying glass.</p> <p>Striphas notes the development of microphotography techniques in the 19th century. This was initially pioneered by John Benjamin Dancer, an optical instrument-maker who combined microscope and camera in order to create the earliest example of microphotography on record [<a href="#9">9</a>]. Luther reports that 'the 21 May 1853 issue of Notes and Queries carried a letter from a Dublin scholar asking "May not photography be usefully applied to the making of catalogues of large libraries?' Microphotography led to the report in the British <em>Photographic Journal</em> of, 'A page of printing, from Quekett's "Treatise on the Microscope", reduced to such size that the whole of the volume of 560 pages could be contained in a space one inch long and half-an-inch broad ' [<a href="#8">8</a>].</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article emma tonkin amazon american library association apple british library google international digital publishing forum iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology microsoft ukoln university of bath university of chicago wikipedia aac access control accessibility adobe android blog bmp cataloguing copyright data digital library doc document format drm ebook epub file format flac flash gif html hypertext infrastructure ipad iphone itunes jpeg jpg linux mis mobi mobile mobile phone mp3 ogg open access operating system plain text png research rtf search technology smartphone software standardisation standards tiff usb windows wireless Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1529 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Intute Integration http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/joyce-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author1">Angela Joyce</a>, <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author2">Jackie Wickham</a>, <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author3">Phil Cross</a> and <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author4">Chris Stephens</a> describe Intute's ongoing Integration Project, which is promoting and developing integration of Intute content in the UK academic library community.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The evolution of the Web has changed the way that people access information. Web 2.0 technologies have allowed information providers to integrate their services in people's existing online spaces, and users expect to be able to synthesise, edit and customise content for their own specific purposes. Intute, the JISC-funded service that aims to offer the best of the Web for Higher and Further Education, has responded to these changes by developing a variety of integration services which offer flexible ways of delivering its content to users.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/joyce-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article angela joyce chris stephens jackie wickham phil cross amazon cilip google intute jisc microsoft nhs oai ukoln university of bristol university of leeds university of nottingham university of oxford university of the west of england accessibility api blog browser cataloguing cloud computing content management css data database dublin core e-learning facebook firefox further education html internet explorer javascript linux marc metadata mysql oai-pmh open standard perl personalisation php plain text research resource discovery rss search technology software sru standards tag cloud url utf-8 web 2.0 web resources xml z39.50 Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1389 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DC 2006: Metadata for Knowledge and Learning http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/dc-2006-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/dc-2006-rpt#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue49/dc-2006-rpt#author2">Rachel Heery</a>, <a href="/issue49/dc-2006-rpt#author3">Pete Johnston</a> and <a href="/issue49/dc-2006-rpt#author4">Rosemary Russell</a> report on DC 2006, the sixth international conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, held 3 - 6 October 2006.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/dc-2006-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 event report julie allinson pete johnston rachel heery rosemary russell bnf british library cclrc cetis cilip cornell university eduserv ieee iso jisc ukoln university of bath university of oregon agrovoc jisc information environment aacr2 accessibility application profile archives bibliographic data blog cataloguing collection description controlled vocabularies data database dcmi digital archive digital library dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning eprints framework frbr ieee lom institutional repository interoperability javascript json lcsh learning object metadata learning objects lom marc metadata metadata model mods national library ontologies open access owl plain text preservation repositories research resource description and access schema search technology semantic web simple dublin core skos social networks software standards tagging uml vocabularies web app xml xml schema Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1277 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Introducing UnAPI http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/chudnov-et-al#author1">Dan Chudnov</a> and a team of colleagues describe unAPI, a tiny HTTP API for serving information objects in next-generation Web applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Common Web tools and techniques cannot easily manipulate library resources. While photo sharing, link logging, and Web logging sites make it easy to use and reuse content, barriers still exist that limit the reuse of library resources within new Web services. [<a href="#1">1</a>][<a href="#2">2</a>] To support the reuse of library information in Web 2.0-style services, we need to allow many types of applications to connect with our information resources more easily. One such connection is a universal method to copy any resource of interest.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article dan chudnov ed summers jeremy frumkin michael j. giarlo mike rylander peter binkley ross singer amazon andrew w mellon foundation ansi ciac d-lib magazine georgia institute of technology google library of congress microsoft mpeg national science foundation niso oai oregon state university university of alberta university of washington yale university apache api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing data database didl digital library dublin core fedora commons firefox flickr foaf framework google books html identifier interoperability javascript json library management systems metadata microformats mods namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative openurl php plain text rdf repositories rfc rss ruby schema search technology software sru srw standards syndication uri url web 2.0 web app web browser web services wiki wordpress xml xslt z39.50 z39.88 Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1248 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Joint Workshop on Future-proofing Institutional Websites http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/dcc-fpw-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/dcc-fpw-rpt#author1">Maureen Pennock</a> reports on a two-day workshop on Future-Proofing Web Sites, organised by the Digital Curation Centre (DCC) and the Wellcome Library at the Wellcome Library, London, over 19-20 January 2006.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- 2006-02-16 11:17: error in URL for reference 2 : <a href="http://medphoto.wellcome.ac.uk/" title="http://medphoto.wellcome.ac.uk/">http://medphoto.wellcome.ac.uk/</a> was incorrect:Maureen Pennock forwarded correct URL now in place as embedded link and in ref 2 below REW --><!-- 2006-02-16 11:17: error in URL for reference 2 : <a href="http://medphoto.wellcome.ac.uk/" title="http://medphoto.wellcome.ac.uk/">http://medphoto.wellcome.ac.uk/</a> was incorrect:Maureen Pennock forwarded correct URL now in place as embedded link and in ref 2 below REW --><p>This <a href="http://www.dcc.ac.uk">DCC</a> [<a href="1">1</a>] and <a href="http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/">Wellcome Library</a> [<a href="#2">2</a>] workshop sought to provide insight into ways that content creators and curators can ensure ongoing access to reliable Web sites over time.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/dcc-fpw-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 event report maureen pennock apple british library california digital library dcc eduserv ietf national library of australia the national archives ukoln university of bath university of glasgow wellcome library internet archive uk government web archive accessibility archives ark cataloguing collection development data digital curation digital library digital preservation doi e-government html identifier java metadata national library open source persistent identifier plain text preservation purl research rfc search technology software standards tomcat uri url vocabularies web resources web standards Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1216 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Accessibility Revealed: The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council Audit http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/petrie-weisen <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue44/petrie-weisen#author1">Marcus Weisen</a>, <a href="/issue44/petrie-weisen#author2">Helen Petrie</a>, <a href="/issue44/petrie-weisen#author3">Neil King</a> and <a href="/issue44/petrie-weisen#author4">Fraser Hamilton</a> describe a comprehensive Web accessibility audit involving extensive user testing as well as automatic testing of Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In 2004, the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA) commissioned a Web accessibility audit from City University London. MLA is the national development agency working for and on behalf of museums, libraries and archives in England and advising government on policy and priorities for the sector. The audit was inspired by a study conducted by City University London in 2003/2004 on the accessibility of 1,000 general Web sites for the Disability Rights Commission (DRC) [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/petrie-weisen" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue44 feature article fraser hamilton helen petrie marcus weisen neil king alt city university london mla ukoln university of leicester web accessibility initiative accessibility archives browser data digitisation e-government framework graphics higher education html ict plain text research software wcag web development web services windows Fri, 29 Jul 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1162 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk An Introduction to the Search/Retrieve URL Service (SRU) http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/morgan <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/morgan#author1">Eric Lease Morgan</a> describes sibling Web Service protocols designed to define a standard form for Internet search queries as well as the structure of the responses.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article is an introduction to the "brother and sister" Web Service protocols named Search/Retrieve Web Service (SRW) and Search/Retrieve URL Service (SRU) with an emphasis on the later. More specifically, the article outlines the problems SRW/U are intended to solve, the similarities and differences between SRW and SRU, the complimentary nature of the protocols with OAI-PMH, and how SRU is being employed in a sponsored NSF (National Science Foundation) grant called OCKHAM to facilitate an alerting service.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/morgan" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 feature article eric lease morgan emory university google national science foundation oai oclc university of notre dame api browser cataloguing cql data database digital library dtd dublin core identifier information architecture library management systems marc metadata mets mods oai-pmh perl plain text repositories rss schema search technology secure shell sfx soap sru srw ssh standards stylesheet telnet uri url vocabularies web services xhtml xml xml schema xsl xslt Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1052 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Targeting Academic Research With Southampton's Institutional Repository http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/hey <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/hey#author1">Jessie Hey</a> describes how user needs have influenced the evolutionary development of 'e-Prints Soton' as the University of Southampton Research Repository.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The University of Southampton has been one of the pioneers of open access to academic research, particularly, in the tireless advocacy of Professor Stevan Harnad and in the creation of the <a href="http://software.eprints.org/">EPrints software</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>], as a vehicle for creating open access archives (or repositories) for research. These activities have been supported by a long-standing programme of research into digital libraries, hypermedia, and scholarly communication.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/hey" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 feature article jessie hey arl jisc library association lund university oai university of edinburgh university of southampton ebank uk gnu repec archives bibliographic data bibliographic database cataloguing copyright data database digital library dissemination e-learning e-research eprints framework further education higher education html infrastructure institutional repository metadata mp3 multimedia national library open access open archives initiative open source plain text rae repositories research search technology software standards vocabularies Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1057 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Through the Web Authoring Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/browning#author1">Paul Browning</a> offers a technical review of new approaches to Web publishing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Web is over ten years old but it has yet to realise the vision of its founder - '.... it should be possible for grandma to take a photo of grandchildren and put it on the web immediately and without fuss ....'[<a href="#1">1</a>]. The Web, for most of its users, remains a read-only medium.</p> <p>The 'Universal Canvas' is a term introduced by Microsoft; two definitions are [<a href="#2">2</a>]:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 tooled up paul browning jisc microsoft ucisa university of bristol apache api browser chrome content management css dhtml dom flash framework ftp higher education html instant messaging internet explorer java javascript licence linux mac os metadata open source operating system passwords perl php plain text plone schema software standards stylesheet telnet url web development widget windows xhtml xml xml schema xslt xul Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1037 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk WebWatch: How Accessible Are Australian University Web Sites? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/alexander <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/alexander#author1">Dey Alexander</a> reports on a recent study of the accessibility of Australian university Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article reports on a recent study of the accessibility of Australian university Web sites. A selection of key pages from all 45 Australian tertiary education Web sites were analysed to assess their compliance with basic accessibility standards, as required by Australian anti-discrimination legislation. The results--98% of sites failed to comply--suggest that Australian university Web sites are likely to present significant barriers to access for people with disabilities.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/alexander" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 regular column dey alexander alt australian national university griffith university microsoft monash university newcastle university queensland university of technology university of queensland university of southern queensland university of sydney w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility adobe browser css data data set doc document format flash gif graphics html identifier intellectual property internet explorer java javascript ocr operating system plain text research rtf software standards stylesheet url usability video wcag windows Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1012 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Unicode and Historic Scripts http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/anderson <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/anderson#author1">Deborah Anderson</a> provides us an overview of the progress made in bringing historic scripts to the Unicode Standard.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Many digital versions of texts--whether they be the plays of Aeschylus, or stories from this week's Times--can now be accessed by a worldwide audience, thanks to the Internet and developments in international standards and the computer industry. But while modern newspapers in English and even the Greek plays of Aeschylus can be viewed on the Internet in their original script, reading articles that cite a line of original text in Egyptian hieroglyphs is more problematic, for this script has not yet been included in the international character encoding standard Unicode.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/anderson" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article deborah anderson apple iso university of california berkeley university of chicago gnu accessibility browser character encoding copyright data digital library html internet explorer linux mac os metadata ms word operating system plain text preservation safari software standardisation standards tei unicode url windows xml Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 986 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Intellectual Property Rights Workshop http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/iprws-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue36/iprws-rpt#author1">William J. Nixon</a> and <a href="/issue36/iprws-rpt#author2">Jessie Hey</a> co-report on the JISC IPR workshop held in London, May 2003.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Intellectual Property Rights workshop was organised by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) on behalf of the <a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_x4l">X4L</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>], <a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_learning_teaching">5/99</a> [<a href="#2">2</a>] and <a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_fair">FAIR</a> [<a href="#3">3</a>] Programmes and was a well attended and thought-provoking event.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/iprws-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue36 event report jessie hey william j. nixon ieee jisc massachusetts institute of technology oai open university university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus heron jisc information environment jorum romeo archives copyright creative commons digital repositories dissemination drm e-learning eprints flash further education higher education intellectual property licence linux metadata oai-pmh odrl open access open archives initiative open source plain text repositories research software standards url Tue, 29 Jul 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 978 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Windows Explorer: The Index Server Companion http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/nt-explorer#author1">Brett Burridge</a> describes the Index Server Companion, an application he has created that allows Microsoft Index Server to index content from remote websites and ODBC databases.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Microsoft's Index Server is a service supplied with the Windows NT 4.0 Server and Windows 2000 Server products. The service indexes HTML and other content residing on the file system. These indexed files may be queried using a number of techniques, but of particular relevance to web developers is the ability to build completely customised search facilities based on Active Server Pages (ASP) by making use of Index Server's Component Object Model (COM) objects.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brett burridge microsoft oracle university of essex adobe apache browser cataloguing css data database doc e-business file sharing html ldap linux microsoft office mobile mysql open source operating system perl php plain text rtf samba search technology software sql sql server standards url web app web browser windows Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 917 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Content Management Systems: Who Needs Them? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/techwatch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue30/techwatch#author1">Paul Browning</a> and <a href="/issue30/techwatch#author2">Mike Lowndes</a> explore the CMS concept and look at the available tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Content management? That’s what librarians do, right? But we’ve already got a <i>library management system</i> (LMS) – why should we consider a <i>content management system</i> (CMS)?</p> <p>The second initial is perhaps misleading – “manipulation” rather than “management” might better summarise the goals of a CMS. Content creation and content re-purposing are fundamental aspects which tend to lie outside the current LMS domain.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/techwatch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue30 feature article mike lowndes paul browning jisc microsoft university of bath university of bristol accessibility adobe archives authentication browser cache content management crm css data database document management dublin core e-business e-government framework ftp html interoperability intranet java javascript knowledge management ldap library management systems managed learning environment metadata mis opac open archives initiative open source perl personalisation php plain text portal provenance python rdf repositories research rss search technology soap software sql standards syndication web development wireless xhtml xml xsl xslt Fri, 25 Jan 2002 00:00:00 +0000 editor 849 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk It's the End of the World As We Know It (and I Feel Fine), Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the E-Book http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/e-book <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue26/e-book#author1">Sarah Ormes</a> explores the e-book from a Public Libraries perspective.</p> </div> </div> </div> <table border="0" cellpadding="4"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="" valign="top" width="407"> <p>For years we’ve dreamed of the paperless office and foretold the death of the printed book, but my desk stubbornly remains cluttered with paper, my home full of books and my bag weighed down with reports. But finally these electronic dreams seem to be about to come true - e-books have arrived and are available at a Web site near you.</p> </td></tr></tbody></table><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/e-book" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue26 feature article sarah ormes amazon microsoft ukoln authentication cataloguing collection development ebook html library management systems marc opac passwords plain text search technology software standards url video Wed, 10 Jan 2001 00:00:00 +0000 editor 751 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Electronic Publication of Ancient Near Eastern Texts http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue22/epanet <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue22/epanet#author1">Charles E. Jones</a> and <a href="/issue22/epanet#author2">David Schloen</a> report on a Chicago conference which explored XML tagging for Ancient Near Eastern Texts on the Web.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The civilizations of the ancient Near East produced the world's first written texts.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue22/epanet" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue22 feature article charles e. jones david schloen alt berlin-brandenburg academy of sciences and humanities british museum ibm iso jisc library of congress microsoft oxford university press tufts university ukoln university college dublin university of bath university of birmingham university of chicago university of oxford university of pennsylvania university of utrecht perseus accessibility archives ascii browser cataloguing character encoding copyright data data model data set database digital library digital media dissemination dtd framework html infrastructure intellectual property internet explorer interoperability open source plain text research sgml software standardisation standards stylesheet tagging unicode url web browser xml xsl Tue, 21 Dec 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 653 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk SEAMLESS: Introduction to the Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/rowlatt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/rowlatt#author1">Mary Rowlatt</a> describes SEAMLESS, the Essex-based project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><cite>SEAMLESS <a name="_Hlt444840515"></a></cite> is a two year research project, funded by the British Library, which aims to develop a new model for citizens' information - one which is distributed, and based on partnerships and common standards.</p> <p>The objectives of the <i>SEAMLESS<b> </b></i>project<b><i> </i></b>are to:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/rowlatt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 feature article mary rowlatt ansi british library ims iso jisc library of congress niso ukoln elib jisc information environment ascii bibliographic data cataloguing cd-rom controlled vocabularies copyright data data set database dissemination document format doi dublin core html identifier information retrieval intellectual property interoperability jpeg marc metadata plain text purl research resource description schema search technology standards tagging thesaurus uri url video vocabularies z39.50 zip Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 580 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata Corner: CrossROADS and Interoperability http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue14/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue14/metadata#author1">Michael Day</a>, <a href="/issue14/metadata#author2">Rachel Heery</a> and <a href="/issue14/metadata#author3">Andy Powell</a> report on work in progress on enhancements to the ROADS software.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue14/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue14 regular column andy powell michael day rachel heery d-lib magazine oracle ukoln university of bath elib api authentication bibliographic data cataloguing data database digital library framework interoperability isbd metadata opac plain text repositories research search technology software standards z39.50 Thu, 19 Mar 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 469 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Digital Library Showcase and Support Service - the Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/sunsite <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue10/sunsite#author1">Roy Tennant</a> describes a resource used to create digital libraries and services, and to help others do the same.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Few topics in librarianship seem as "hot" these days as digital libraries, and yet for all the heat being generated there is little light. What are digital libraries? How are they built? How are they maintained and preserved? How will they be funded? These questions and more abound, while answers are few and far between. We don't have all the answers, but we're a great place to start looking for them. We are the Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE <a name="note1"></a><a href="#ref1">[1]</a>, and this article is about who we are and how we may be able to help you.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue10/sunsite" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue10 review roy tennant library of congress oclc sun microsystems university of california berkeley archives bibliographic data cataloguing copyright digital library dublin core ead file format free software gopher html identifier infrastructure intellectual property metadata plain text preservation repositories research search technology sgml software standards Fri, 18 Jul 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 359 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Search Engines Corner: Alta Vista LiveTopics http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/search-engines <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue9/search-engines#author1">Tracey Stanley</a> looks at Live Topics, a more flexible and user-controlled way of searching the Alta Vista Web Page index.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/search-engines" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue9 regular column tracey stanley ukoln university of leeds elib theseus browser data database internet explorer java plain text search technology software web browser web standards windows Sun, 18 May 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 330 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Formats for the Electronic Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/electronic-formats <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue8/electronic-formats#author1">Judith Wusteman</a> describes the document formats used in electronic serials.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Every day, subscribers to the the NewJour mailing list <a href="#fn1">[1]</a> receive notification of new Internet-available electronic serials. The NewJour definition of a serial covers everything from journals to magazines and newsletters; from the <i>British Accounting Review</i> to <i>Ariadne</i>, to The (virtual) <i>Baguette</i> and <i>I Love My Nanny</i>. Some days, a dozen or more publications are announced. As of 13th February 1997, the NewJour archive contained 3,240 items.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/electronic-formats" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue8 feature article judith wusteman apple d-lib magazine elsevier imperial college london institute of physics iso microsoft mpeg oclc sun microsystems ukoln university college dublin university of chicago university of illinois university of pennsylvania w3c yale university elib accessibility adobe aiff archives ascii avi bibliographic data browser copyright data database digital library dissemination document format dtd ejournal file format flash ftp gif gopher graphics html hypertext internet explorer java javascript jpeg latex licence multimedia operating system plain text png programming language quicktime realaudio sgml software standardisation standards streaming tiff video wav web browser windows xml Wed, 19 Mar 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 266 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Open Peer Review & Argumentation: Loosening the Paper Chains on Journals http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/jime <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue5/jime#author1">Tamara Sumner</a> and <a href="/issue5/jime#author2">Simon Buckingham Shum</a> of the Knowledge Media Institute of the Open University, describe the design and implementation of the Journal of Interactive Media in Education, and some of the issues behind the approach that this journal takes to the process of scholarly review.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The emergence of the internet and the World Wide Web (WWW) have potentially profound implications for scholarly practice, particularly in the submission, review, and publication of articles in journals. However to date, much of the impact of these new technologies on journals has been on digitising the <em>products</em> of journal publication; the scholarly <em>processes</em> involved in reviewing articles remain unchanged and unsupported.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/jime" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue5 project update simon buckingham shum tamara sumner knowledge media institute ncsa open university university of cambridge university of illinois adobe copyright digital media html hypertext plain text research standards usability Wed, 18 Sep 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 154 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Securing HTML FORMs http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/securing-forms <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue5/securing-forms#author1">Jon Knight</a> discusses some of the options available to the designers and implementors of HTML FORMs for providing authentication of users in a library environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>T</b>here are now many <a href="http://www.w3.org/pub/WWW/MarkUp/">HTML</a> FORMs in use in libraries of all types. These forms are usually the front ends to <a href="http://www.w3.org/pub/WWW/CGI/">Common Gateway Interface (CGI)</a> programs that implement such things as webopacs, electronic ILL requests and access to backend databases. Often these FORMs have to be authenticated to ensure that only valid library users can make use of the services. Web browsers and servers offer a number of a facilities for doing this authentication, each with different benefits and problems.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/securing-forms" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue5 tooled up jon knight algorithm apache authentication browser data database html passwords plain text rfc standards web browser Wed, 18 Sep 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 161 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk JILT: Journal of Information, Law and Technology http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue4/jilt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue4/jilt#author1">Nicola Clare</a> presents the case for an electronic journal in law.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Journal of Information, Law and Technology is the first journal to be launched under the banner of the Electronic Law Journals project. The Electronic Law Journals project brings together the <a href="http://ltc.law.warwick.ac.uk/ltchome.html"> Law Technology Centre</a> at the University of Warwick and the <a href="http://www.strath.ac.uk/Departments/Law/clct2.html"> Centre for Law, Computers and Technology</a> at the University of Strathclyde in partnership. The goal of this partnership is simply to revolutionise legal publishing.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue4/jilt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue4 project update nicola clare jisc university of strathclyde university of warwick elib copyright data hypertext multimedia open access plain text Thu, 18 Jul 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 110 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Netskills Corner: NCSA Mosaic Web Browser http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue2/brian <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In this Netskills Corner, <a href="/issue2/brian#author1">Brian Kelly</a> describes a UK-Wide collaborative (combined directional Web and IRC chat-like system) meeting.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The World Wide Web, as originally conceived by Tim Berners-Lee, was intended to provide a collaborative groupware system for the European particle physics community. Although Tim Berners-Lee's original browser for the NeXT system provided collaborative authoring capabilities, the mainstream browsers, such as Mosaic and Netscape, implemented a publishing model, with a small number of authors and large numbers of readers.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue2/brian" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue2 tooled up brian kelly microsoft ncsa newcastle university ukoln w3c web futures authentication browser cache graphics html java javascript mobile open standard plain text software uri url windows Tue, 19 Mar 1996 00:00:00 +0000 editor 65 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk