Overview of content related to 'd-lib magazine' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/14070/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en eMargin: A Collaborative Textual Annotation Tool http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/kehoe-gee <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/kehoe-gee#author1">Andrew Kehoe</a> and <a href="/issue71/kehoe-gee#author2">Matt Gee</a> describe their Jisc-funded eMargin collaborative textual annotation tool, showing how it has widened its focus through integration with Virtual Learning Environments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the Research and Development Unit for English Studies (RDUES) at Birmingham City University, our main research field is Corpus Linguistics: the compilation and analysis of large text collections in order to extract new knowledge about language. We have previously developed the WebCorp [<a href="#1">1</a>] suite of software tools, designed to extract language examples from the Web and to uncover frequent and changing usage patterns automatically. eMargin, with its emphasis on <em>manual</em> annotation and analysis, was therefore somewhat of a departure for us.</p> <p>The eMargin Project came about in 2007 when we attempted to apply our automated Corpus Linguistic analysis techniques to the study of English Literature. To do this, we built collections of works by particular authors and made these available through our WebCorp software, allowing other researchers to examine, for example, how Dickens uses the word ‘woman’, how usage varies across his novels, and which other words are associated with ‘woman’ in Dickens’ works.</p> <p>What we found was that, although our tools were generally well received, there was some resistance amongst literary scholars to this large-scale automated analysis of literary texts. Our top-down approach, relying on frequency counts and statistical analyses, was contrary to the traditional bottom-up approach employed in the discipline, relying on the intuition of literary scholars. In order to develop new software to meet the requirements of this new audience, we needed to gain a deeper understanding of the traditional approach and its limitations.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="logo: eMargin logo" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue71-kehoe-gee/emargin-logo.png" style="width: 250px; height: 63px;" title="logo: eMargin logo" /></p> <h2 id="The_Traditional_Approach">The Traditional Approach</h2> <p>A long-standing problem in the study of English Literature is that the material being studied – the literary text – is often many hundreds of pages in length, yet the teacher must encourage class discussion and focus this on particular themes and passages. Compounding the problem is the fact that, often, not all students in the class have read the text in its entirety.</p> <p>The traditional mode of study in the discipline is ‘close reading’: the detailed examination and interpretation of short text extracts down to individual word level. This variety of ‘practical criticism’ was greatly influenced by the work of I.A. Richards in the 1920s [<a href="#2">2</a>] but can actually be traced back to the 11<sup>th</sup> Century [<a href="#3">3</a>]. What this approach usually involves in practice in the modern study of English Literature is that the teacher will specify a passage for analysis, often photocopying this and distributing it to the students. Students will then read the passage several times, underlining words or phrases which seem important, writing notes in the margin, and making links between different parts of the passage, drawing out themes and motifs. On each re-reading, the students’ analysis gradually takes shape (see Figure 1). Close reading takes place either in preparation for seminars or in small groups during seminars, and the teacher will then draw together the individual analyses during a plenary session in the classroom.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/kehoe-gee" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up andrew kehoe matt gee ahrc amazon birmingham city university blackboard british library cetis d-lib magazine google ims global ims global learning consortium jisc niso university of leicester university of oxford wikipedia accessibility aggregation ajax api big data blog browser data database digital library ebook free software html interoperability intranet java javascript jquery metadata moodle plain text repositories research search technology software standards tag cloud tagging tei url vle web browser wiki windows xml Thu, 04 Jul 2013 17:20:45 +0000 lisrw 2467 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk IMPACT Final Conference 2011 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/impact-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/impact-rpt#author1">Marieke Guy</a> reports on the two-day conference looking at the results of the IMPACT Project in making digitisation and OCR better, faster and cheaper.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The IMPACT Project (<strong>Imp</strong>roving <strong>Ac</strong>cess to <strong>T</strong>ext) [<a href="#1">1</a>] was funded by the European Commission back in 2007 to look at significantly advancing access to historical text using Optical Character Recognition (OCR) methods. As the project reaches its conclusion, one of its key objectives is sharing project outputs.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/impact-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 event report marieke guy abbyy austrian national library bnf brightsolid british library california digital library content conversion specialists d-lib magazine dcc google ibm institute for dutch lexicology national and university library of slovenia national library of finland national library of the netherlands stanford university tufts university ukoln university of bath university of munich university of oxford university of salford university of utrecht ahlib europeana impact project archives blog copyright data data management data mining data set database digital library digitisation dissemination finereader framework google books ict information retrieval information society interoperability metadata mets national library ocr oer open source optical character recognition preservation research search technology software solr tagging tesseract twitter unicode wiki wordpress Sun, 26 Feb 2012 13:36:33 +0000 lisrw 2233 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DataCite UK User Group Meeting http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/datacite-2011-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/datacite-2011-rpt#author1">Alex Ball</a> reports on the 2nd UK User Group meeting for DataCite, held at the British Library in London, in April 2011.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="top" id="top"></a></p> <!-- start main content --><!-- start main content --><p>DataCite [<a href="#1">1</a>] is an international not-for-profit organisation dedicated to making research data a normal, citable part of the scientific record. It is made up of a membership of 15 major libraries and data centres, which, along with four associate members, represent 11 different countries across four continents. The approach taken by DataCite currently centres on assigning Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to datasets; it is a member of the International DOI Foundation and one of a handful of DOI registration agencies.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/datacite-2011-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 event report alex ball badc british library d-lib magazine datacite dcc google mimas orcid science and technology facilities council uk data archive ukoln university of bath university of birmingham university of leicester university of oxford erim fishnet sagecite accessibility api archives bibliographic data cataloguing curation data data set digital curation digital preservation doi framework guid higher education identifier metadata national library open data preservation repositories research schema usability web resources Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1627 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Repository Software Comparison: Building Digital Library Infrastructure at LSE http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/fay <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/fay#author1">Ed Fay</a> presents a comparison of repository software that was carried out at LSE in support of digital library infrastructure development.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/fay" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 feature article ed fay british library d-lib magazine london school of economics oai oais university of york wellcome library safir access control aggregation api archives authentication authentication service blog cataloguing content management data data management data model database digital archive digital library digital preservation digital repositories digitisation dspace eprints fedora commons geospatial data gis identifier infrastructure institutional repository ldap library management systems linked data metadata mobile multimedia national library open access open source persistent identifier preservation preservation metadata repositories research schema search technology shibboleth software standards twitter uri video vle web app xacml Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1560 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Abstract Modelling of Digital Identifiers http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/nicholas-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author1">Nick Nicholas</a>, <a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author2">Nigel Ward</a> and <a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author3">Kerry Blinco</a> present an information model of digital identifiers, to help bring clarity to the vocabulary debates from which this field has suffered.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v2, incorporating author review edits inc. lead-ins to bullet lists - 2010-02-12-19-30-rew--><!-- v2, incorporating author review edits inc. lead-ins to bullet lists - 2010-02-12-19-30-rew--><p>Discussion of digital identifiers, and persistent identifiers in particular, has often been confused by differences in underlying assumptions and approaches. To bring more clarity to such discussions, the PILIN Project has devised an abstract model of identifiers and identifier services, which is presented here in summary. Given such an abstract model, it is possible to compare different identifier schemes, despite variations in terminology; and policies and strategies can be formulated for persistence without committing to particular systems. The abstract model is formal and layered; in this article, we give an overview of the distinctions made in the model. This presentation is not exhaustive, but it presents some of the key concepts represented, and some of the insights that result.</p> <p>The main goal of the Persistent Identifier Linking Infrastructure (PILIN) project [<a href="#1">1</a>] has been to scope the infrastructure necessary for a national persistent identifier service. There are a variety of approaches and technologies already on offer for persistent digital identification of objects. But true identity persistence cannot be bound to particular technologies, domain policies, or information models: any formulation of a persistent identifier strategy needs to outlast current technologies, if the identifiers are to remain persistent in the long term.</p> <p>For that reason, PILIN has modelled the digital identifier space in the abstract. It has arrived at an ontology [<a href="#2">2</a>] and a service model [<a href="#3">3</a>] for digital identifiers, and for how they are used and managed, building on previous work in the identifier field [<a href="#4">4</a>] (including the thinking behind URI [<a href="#5">5</a>], DOI [<a href="#6">6</a>], XRI [<a href="#7">7</a>] and ARK [<a href="#8">8</a>]), as well as semiotic theory [<a href="#9">9</a>]. The ontology, as an abstract model, addresses the question 'what is (and isn't) an identifier?' and 'what does an identifier management system do?'. This more abstract view also brings clarity to the ongoing conversation of whether URIs can be (and should be) universal persistent identifiers.</p> <h2 id="Identifier_Model">Identifier Model</h2> <p>For the identifier model to be abstract, it cannot commit to a particular information model. The notion of an identifier depends crucially on the understanding that an identifier only identifies one distinct thing. But different domains will have different understandings of what things are distinct from each other, and what can legitimately count as a single thing. (This includes aggregations of objects, and different versions or snapshots of objects.) In order for the abstract identifier model to be applicable to all those domains, it cannot impose its own definitions of what things are distinct: it must rely on the distinctions specific to the domain.</p> <p>This means that information modelling is a critical prerequisite to introducing identifiers to a domain, as we discuss elsewhere [<a href="#10">10</a>]: identifier users should be able to tell whether any changes in a thing's content, presentation, or location mean it is no longer identified by the same identifier (i.e. whether the identifier is restricted to a particular version, format, or copy).</p> <p>The abstract identifier model also cannot commit to any particular protocols or service models. In fact, the abstract identifier model should not even presume the Internet as a medium. A sufficiently abstract model of identifiers should apply just as much to URLs as it does to ISBNs, or names of sheep; the model should not be inherently digital, in order to avoid restricting our understanding of identifiers to the current state of digital technologies. This means that our model of identifiers comes close to the understanding in semiotics of signs, as our definitions below make clear.</p> <p>There are two important distinctions between digital identifiers and other signs which we needed to capture. First, identifiers are managed through some system, in order to guarantee the stability of certain properties of the identifier. This is different to other signs, whose meaning is constantly renegotiated in a community. Those identifier properties requiring guarantees include the accountability and persistence of various facets of the identifier—most crucially, what is being identified. For digital identifiers, the <strong>identifier management system</strong> involves registries, accessed through defined services. An HTTP server, a PURL [<a href="#11">11</a>] registry, and an XRI registry are all instances of identifier management systems.</p> <p>Second, digital identifiers are straightforwardly <strong>actionable</strong>: actions can be made to happen in connection with the identifier. Those actions involve interacting with computers, rather than other people: the computer consistently does what the system specifies is to be done with the identifier, and has no latitude for subjective interpretation. This is in contrast with human language, which can involve complex processes of interpretation, and where there can be considerable disconnect between what a speaker intends and how a listener reacts. Because the interactions involved are much simpler, the model can concentrate on two actions which are core to digital identifiers, but which are only part of the picture in human communication: working out what is being identified (<em>resolution</em>), and accessing a representation of what is identified (<em>retrieval</em>).</p> <p>So to model managing and acting on digital identifiers, we need a concept of things that can be identified, names for things, and the relations between them. (Semiotics already gives us such concepts.) We also need a model of the systems through which identifiers are managed and acted on; what those systems do, and who requests them to do so; and what aspects of identifiers the systems manage.</p> <p>Our identifier model (as an ontology) thus encompasses:</p> <ul> <li><strong>Entities</strong> - including actors and identifier systems;</li> <li><strong>Relations</strong> between entities;</li> <li><strong>Qualities</strong>, as desirable properties of entities. Actions are typically undertaken in order to make qualities apply to entities.</li> <li><strong>Actions</strong>, as the processes carried out on entities (and corresponding to <strong>services</strong> in implementations);</li> </ul> <p>An individual identifier system can be modelled using concepts from the ontology, with an identifier system model.</p> <p>In the remainder of this article, we go through the various concepts introduced in the model under these classes. We present the concept definitions under each section, before discussing issues that arise out of them. <em>Resolution</em> and <em>Retrieval</em> are crucial actions for identifiers, whose definition involves distinct issues; they are discussed separately from other Actions. We briefly discuss the standing of HTTP URIs in the model at the end.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/nicholas-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article kerry blinco nick nicholas nigel ward d-lib magazine dest ietf oasis internet archive aggregation archives ark ascii browser cataloguing cool uri cordra curation data database digital object identifier dns document management doi e-learning ftp identifier infrastructure interoperability learning objects metadata mobile mobile phone namespace ontologies openurl persistent identifier purl repositories research rfc search technology semantic web semiotic service usage model uri url vocabularies wayback machine web browser xml xml namespaces Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1528 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Archives 2.0: If We Build It, Will They Come? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/palmer <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue60/palmer#author1">Joy Palmer</a> discusses some of the opportunities and tensions emerging around Archives 2.0, crowd-sourcing, and archival authority.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/palmer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue60 feature article joy palmer amazon d-lib magazine jisc mimas oclc research information network the national archives university of manchester archives hub wikipedia archives blog cataloguing copac curation data digital archive digital library digitisation ead interoperability metadata preservation provenance research resource discovery search engine optimisation search technology social software software web 2.0 wiki Wed, 29 Jul 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1492 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Spinning a Semantic Web for Metadata: Developments in the IEMSR http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov#author2">Alexey Strelnikov</a> reflect on the experience of developing components for the Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- version 2: incorporating Emma's final edits :REW --><!-- version 2: incorporating Emma's final edits :REW --><p>The IEMSR, a metadata schema registry, exists to support the development and use of metadata standards; in practice, what does this entail?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 feature article alexey strelnikov emma tonkin ansi d-lib magazine ieee ilrt iso jisc niso ukoln university of bath w3c iemsr jisc information environment accessibility aggregation api application profile archives copyright data data model data set database dcap dcmi dissemination dublin core dublin core metadata initiative framework frbr graphics html ieee lom internet explorer interoperability java jena knowledge base learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata metadata model metadata schema registry open source rdf repositories research resource description schema search technology semantic web software sparql standardisation standards sword protocol thesaurus url usability vocabularies web standards windows xml Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1471 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk IMPACT Conference: Optical Character Recognition in Mass Digitisation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/impact-2009-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author1">Lieke Ploeger</a>, <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author2">Yola Park</a>, <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author3">Jeanna Nikolov-Ramirez Gaviria</a>, <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author4">Clemens Neudecker</a>, <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author5">Fedor Bochow</a> and <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author6">Michael Day</a> report from the first IMPACT Conference, held in The Hague, Netherlands on 6-7 April, 2009.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/impact-2009-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 event report clemens neudecker fedor bochow jeanna nikolov-ramirez gaviria lieke ploeger michael day yola park abbyy austrian national library british library content conversion specialists d-lib magazine google ibm institute for dutch lexicology kings college london national library of australia national library of the netherlands ukoln university of bath university of munich university of salford impact project internet archive archives born digital copyright data data set database digital library digital preservation digitisation framework information society infrastructure intellectual property interoperability jpeg 2000 national library ocr optical character recognition preservation research search technology software vocabularies xml Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1475 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Bug's Life?: How Metaphors from Ecology Can Articulate the Messy Details of Repository Interactions http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/robertson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/robertson-et-al#author1">R. John Robertson</a>, <a href="/issue57/robertson-et-al#author2">Mahendra Mahey</a> and <a href="/issue57/robertson-et-al#author3">Phil Barker</a> introduce work investigating an alternative model of repository and service interaction.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Visions">Visions</h2> <p>In 'Lost in the IE', published in the last issue of <em>Ariadne</em> and in subsequent discussion on various blogs [<a href="#1">1</a>], [<a href="#2">2</a>] there has some thoughtful reflection on the vision of the JISC Information Environment (IE), its architecture and standards, the role of the IE and the role of 'that diagram' [<a href="#3">3</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/robertson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 feature article mahendra mahey phil barker r. john robertson cetis d-lib magazine jisc oai sherpa ukoln university of bath university of strathclyde jisc information environment repositories research team archives bibliographic data blog bpmn business process modelling creative commons digital library dissemination dspace dublin core e-learning eprints fedora commons flickr identifier institutional repository internet explorer metadata oai-pmh open access preservation repositories research social networks software sword protocol uml web 2.0 Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1432 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: SeeAlso: A Simple Linkserver Protocol http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/voss <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/voss#author1">Jakob Voss</a> combines OpenSearch and unAPI to enrich catalogues.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2 to take in final edits on code fragments, etc --><!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2 to take in final edits on code fragments, etc --><p>In recent years the principle of Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) has grown increasingly important in digital library systems. More and more core functionalities are becoming available in the form of Web-based, standardised services which can be combined dynamically to operate across a broader environment [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/voss" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 feature article jakob voss d-lib magazine google ieee oai w3c cpan jisc information environment wikipedia api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing cloud computing creative commons csv data database digital library firefox framework html hypertext identifier javascript json library management systems librarything licence lod metadata microformats namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative open data open source open standard openurl perl rdf rfc search technology soa software sparql sql sru standards syndication tag cloud uri url web 2.0 web services wiki xml xslt Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1436 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Digital Lives: Report of Interviews With the Creators of Personal Digital Collections http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/williams-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/williams-et-al#author1">Pete Williams</a>, <a href="/issue55/williams-et-al#author2">Ian Rowlands</a>, <a href="/issue55/williams-et-al#author3">Katrina Dean</a> and <a href="/issue55/williams-et-al#author4">Jeremy Leighton John</a> describe initial findings of the AHRC-funded Digital Lives Research Project studying personal digital collections and their relationship with research repositories such as the British Library.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/williams-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article ian rowlands jeremy leighton john katrina dean peter williams british library d-lib magazine google university college london university of bristol archives blog collection development computer programming copyright data set digital archive digital library digital preservation digitisation dissemination google analytics ict information retrieval intellectual property knowledge management mac os portfolio preservation privacy repositories research search technology software standards video Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1392 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Collaborative and Social Tagging Networks http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/tonkin-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author1">Emma Tonkin</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author2">Edward M. Corrado</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author3">Heather Lea Moulaison</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author4">Margaret E. I. Kipp</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author5">Andrea Resmini</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author6">Heather D. Pfeiffer</a> and <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author7">Qiping Zhang</a> gather a series of international perspectives on the practice of social tagging of documents within a community context.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Social tagging, which is also known as collaborative tagging, social classification, and social indexing, allows ordinary users to assign keywords, or tags, to items. Typically these items are Web-based resources and the tags become immediately available for others to see and use. Unlike traditional classification, social tagging keywords are typically freely chosen instead of using a controlled vocabulary.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/tonkin-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 feature article andrea resmini edward m. corrado emma tonkin heather d. pfeiffer heather lea moulaison margaret e. i. kipp qiping zhang amazon college of new jersey d-lib magazine google iso long island university new mexico state university rutgers university ukoln university of cambridge university of illinois citeulike aggregation blog cloud computing controlled vocabularies data data set digital library framework hypertext information architecture information retrieval interoperability knowledge management metadata mobile phone multimedia ontologies research search technology social networks software standards subject heading tag cloud tagging technorati thesaurus usability video vocabularies web 2.0 wiki Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1372 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The DARE Chronicle: Open Access to Research Results and Teaching Material in the Netherlands http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/waaijers <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/waaijers#author1">Leo Waaijers</a> reflects on four years of progress and also looks ahead.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>While Cream of Science (Keur der Wetenschap), Promise of Science and the HBO Knowledge Bank (HBO Kennisbank) are among the inspiring results of the DARE Programme for the period 2003-06, what is more important in the long run is the new infrastructure that enables Dutch Higher Education and research institutions to provide easy and reliable open access to research results and teaching material as quickly as possible. Such open access ought to be the standard in a knowledge-driven society, certainly if the material and data have been generated with public funding.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/waaijers" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 feature article leo waaijers d-lib magazine google jisc leiden university mpeg national library of the netherlands oai royal netherlands academy of arts and sciences sakai surffoundation university of utrecht digital academic repositories opendoar access control accessibility archives cataloguing copyright data database didl digital archive digital library digital preservation digital repositories dissemination doc dublin core framework higher education html ict identifier infrastructure institutional repository interoperability intranet knowledge base learning objects licence lucene metadata national library oai-ore oai-pmh open access open archives initiative open source portal preservation rae repositories research rss rtf search technology sharepoint software standards visualisation web 2.0 web portal xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1350 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Googlepository and the University Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/manuel-oppenheim <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/manuel-oppenheim#author1">Sue Manuel</a> and <a href="/issue53/manuel-oppenheim#author2">Charles Oppenheim</a> discuss the concept of Google as a repository within the wider context of resource management and provision in Further and Higher Education.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The development of an increasing array of tools for storing, organising, managing, and searching electronic resources poses some interesting questions for those in the Higher Education sector, not least of which are: what role do repositories have in this new information environment? What effect is Google having on the information-seeking strategies of students, researchers and teachers? Where do libraries fit within the information continuum? And ultimately, what services should they look to provide for their users?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/manuel-oppenheim" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 feature article charles oppenheim sue manuel alt cetis d-lib magazine dcc google ieee jisc loughborough university massachusetts institute of technology oreilly university of cambridge archives hub jisc information environment midess open library access control aggregation algorithm archives bibliographic data blog born digital cataloguing copyright data database digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories dissemination e-learning google search higher education identifier ieee lom information architecture information retrieval learning object metadata learning objects librarything lom metadata multimedia open access preservation provenance repositories research resource discovery search technology social software standards tagging usability web services web standards Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1352 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DRIVER: Seven Items on a European Agenda for Digital Repositories http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/vandergraf <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue52/vandergraf#author1">Maurits van der Graaf</a> provides results and conclusions from the DRIVER inventory study.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/vandergraf" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue52 feature article maurits van der graaf association of research libraries d-lib magazine google oai sherpa surffoundation gnu accessibility copyright data data set digital repositories dspace eprints fedora commons google scholar infrastructure metadata open access portal preservation repositories research search technology software video wiki Sun, 29 Jul 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1325 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Institutional Repositories and Their 'Other' Users: Usability Beyond Authors http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/mckay <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue52/mckay#author1">Dana McKay</a> summarises the literature on the usability of institutional repositories, and points to directions for future work.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/mckay" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue52 feature article dana mckay association of research libraries cornell university d-lib magazine edinburgh napier university google ifla oclc queensland university of technology swinburne university of technology university of cambridge university of southampton ebank uk romeo rosa archives content management copyright data database digital library digital repositories dspace electronic theses eprints framework google scholar higher education information retrieval infrastructure institutional repository metadata open access rae repositories research search technology software usability Sun, 29 Jul 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1330 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk From Nought to a Thousand: The HUSCAP Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/suzuki-sugita <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/suzuki-sugita#author1">Masako Suziki</a> and <a href="/issue49/suzuki-sugita#author2">Shigeki Sugita</a> describe Hokkaido University's efforts to populate its institutional repository with journal articles.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Hokkaido University launched its project to construct an institutional repository in early 2004. After a year of discussion, planning and preparation, we started soliciting content in July 2005. Within a year of that start, we had assembled a depository of approximately 9,000 documents. It is named the Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers (<a href="http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/">HUSCAP</a>)[<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/suzuki-sugita" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 feature article masako suzuki shigeki sugita d-lib magazine elsevier google hokkaido university national institute of informatics oclc sherpa university of southampton daedalus romeo application profile archives cataloguing collection development copyright data database doi dspace dublin core eprints framework institutional repository metadata open access openurl portal repositories research schema search technology software xml xml schema Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1269 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Considering a Marketing and Communications Approach for an Institutional Repository http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/gierveld <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/gierveld#author1">Heleen Gierveld</a> proposes a market-oriented approach to increase the rate of deposit to an institutional repository.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Institutional Repositories (IR) are a result of the vision to collect, secure, and provide access to scholarly publications in a novel, digital way, mostly initiated by the institutional library. Various factors have contributed to the emergence of these repositories, including technological innovations which allow a new form of collection management of a university's output, the desire to counteract the 'serials crisis', and the opportunity of promoting wide dissemination and quick access to publications.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/gierveld" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 feature article heleen gierveld arl california digital library cni d-lib magazine jisc massachusetts institute of technology sherpa techne press romeo accessibility archives copyright data data set database digital library digital object identifier digitisation dissemination doi framework higher education identifier infrastructure institutional repository metadata open access portal preservation repositories research search technology thesaurus url windows Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1270 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Introducing UnAPI http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/chudnov-et-al#author1">Dan Chudnov</a> and a team of colleagues describe unAPI, a tiny HTTP API for serving information objects in next-generation Web applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Common Web tools and techniques cannot easily manipulate library resources. While photo sharing, link logging, and Web logging sites make it easy to use and reuse content, barriers still exist that limit the reuse of library resources within new Web services. [<a href="#1">1</a>][<a href="#2">2</a>] To support the reuse of library information in Web 2.0-style services, we need to allow many types of applications to connect with our information resources more easily. One such connection is a universal method to copy any resource of interest.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article dan chudnov ed summers jeremy frumkin michael j. giarlo mike rylander peter binkley ross singer amazon andrew w mellon foundation ansi ciac d-lib magazine georgia institute of technology google library of congress microsoft mpeg national science foundation niso oai oregon state university university of alberta university of washington yale university apache api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing data database didl digital library dublin core fedora commons firefox flickr foaf framework google books html identifier interoperability javascript json library management systems metadata microformats mods namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative openurl php plain text rdf repositories rfc rss ruby schema search technology software sru srw standards syndication uri url web 2.0 web app web browser web services wiki wordpress xml xslt z39.50 z39.88 Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1248 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Library Catalogue in the New Discovery Environment: Some Thoughts http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/dempsey <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/dempsey#author1">Lorcan Dempsey</a> explores how the library catalogue will develop alongside evolving network discovery systems.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/dempsey" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article lorcan dempsey amazon d-lib magazine google oclc university of huddersfield worldcat aggregation authentication bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing data database digitisation ebook frbr google scholar institutional repository itunes library management systems librarything marc metadata network service opac repositories research resource management resource sharing rss search technology software srw syndication tagging web 2.0 web resources web services z39.50 Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1249 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Foundation for Automatic Digital Preservation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/ferreira-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author1">Miguel Ferreira</a>, <a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author2">Ana Alice Baptista</a> and <a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author3">Jose Carlos Ramalho</a> propose a Service-Oriented Architecture to help cultural heritage institutions to accomplish automatic digital preservation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Efforts to archive a large amount of digital material are being developed by many cultural heritage institutions. We have evidence of this in the numerous initiatives aiming to harvest the Web [<a href="#1">1-5</a>] together with the impressive burgeoning of institutional repositories [<a href="#6">6</a>]. However, getting the material inside the archive is just the beginning for any initiative concerned with the long-term preservation of digital materials.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/ferreira-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article ana alice baptista jose carlos ramalho miguel ferreira carnegie mellon university d-lib magazine dcc digital preservation coalition google harvard university ieee ifla library of congress oais oasis oclc premis the national archives university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of minho crib reposit algorithm archives ascii bibliographic data controlled vocabularies data data set database digital archive digital curation digital library digital media digital preservation digital record object identification digital repositories dissemination document format drm droid dspace dublin core eprints fedora commons file format framework google trends graphics identifier interoperability java jstor knowledge base licence metadata open source operating system preservation preservation metadata repositories research semantic web service oriented architecture service registry soa soap software standards taxonomy uddi video vocabularies wayback machine web services wsdl xml Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1254 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk QMSearch: A Quality Metrics-aware Search Framework http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/krowne <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/krowne#author1">Aaron Krowne</a> and <a href="/issue47/krowne#author2">Urvashi Gadi</a> present a framework which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a 'quality metrics-aware' approach.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In this article we present a framework, QMSearch, which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a 'quality metrics-aware' approach. This means the digital library deployer or end-user can customise how results are presented, including aspects of both ranking and organisation in general, based upon standard metadata attributes and quality indicators derived from the general library information environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/krowne" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article aaron krowne urvashi gadi amazon d-lib magazine emory university google microsoft oai jisc information environment aggregation apache archives browser cache css data data mining data model database digital library doc dublin core fedora commons framework genetic algorithm google scholar html identifier information retrieval interoperability java javascript lucene metadata modelling open archives initiative open source provenance repositories research schema search technology software standards stylesheet usability video visualisation web browser xml xsl xslt Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1230 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metasearch: Building a Shared, Metadata-driven Knowledge Base System http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/reese <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/reese#author1">Terry Reese</a> discusses the creation of a shared knowledge base system within OSU's open-source metasearch development.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Surveying the current metasearch tools landscape, it is somewhat surprising to find so few non-commercial implementations available. This is especially true considering that, as a group, the library community has cultivated a very vibrant open source community over the past ten or so years. One wonders then, why this particular service has been ceded to the world of commercial vendors. One can speculate that the creation and management of a metasearch knowledge base has likely played a large role [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/reese" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article terry reese california digital library d-lib magazine iso niso oai oregon state university serials solutions aggregation algorithm api authentication data database digital library dublin core framework gis infrastructure knowledge base metadata mods open source openurl repositories research schema search technology software standards widget xml z39.50 Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1231 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Folksonomies: The Fall and Rise of Plain-text Tagging http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> suggests that rising new ideas are often on their second circuit - and none the worse for that.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Despite the stability of many key technologies underlying today's Internet, venerable workhorses such as TCP/IP and HTTP, the rise of new candidate specifications frequently leads to a sort of collaborative manic depression. Every now and then, a new idea comes along and sparks a wave of interest, the first stage in the Internet hype cycle.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article emma tonkin amazon apple d-lib magazine google jisc massachusetts institute of technology ukoln access control algorithm amazon web services archives ascii blog browser controlled vocabularies copyright data data mining data set database digital repositories document management doi dublin core eprints exif institutional repository interoperability linux metadata microformats mobile mp3 operating system provenance rdf repositories research resource discovery search technology semantic web semiotic simple dublin core software standardisation standards tagging uri usability vocabularies web 2.0 web services windows xhtml Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1233 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Understanding and Communicating Social Informatics http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/corrall-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/corrall-rvw#author1">Sheila Corrall</a> reviews a new landmark book which explains and promotes a distinctive approach to information-related research spanning traditional disciplinary and professional boundaries.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Social Informatics (SI) is a relatively recently named field of research, which has evolved from earlier studies of the role of computers in society and the social impacts of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), which were often conducted as separate, unconnected discussions by computer scientists, information systems researchers, sociologists, educational researchers and others. Rob Kling, the lead author of this book, who died in 2003, is generally regarded as the prime mover and founder of this new domain.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/corrall-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 review sheila corrall d-lib magazine indiana university national science foundation university of sheffield e-business ict information society knowledge base research Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1242 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Users Want: An Academic 'Hybrid' Library Perspective http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/carr <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/carr#author1">Reg Carr</a> reflects on the development of a user-centred approach in academic libraries over recent decades and into the era of the hybrid library.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="User-focus_in_the_Academic_Library">User-focus in the Academic Library</h2> <p>It may seem odd to say it but, even in a self-respecting part of the information world like the academic library, users have not always been at the centre of the practitioner's professional attention.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/carr" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 feature article reg carr british library d-lib magazine google jisc kings college london oclc research information network university of oxford university of sheffield dner elib jisc information environment mirage nesli archives cataloguing copyright data digital preservation digitisation framework higher education intranet preservation repositories research resource discovery search technology software Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1206 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The (Digital) Library Environment: Ten Years After http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/dempsey <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/dempsey#author1">Lorcan Dempsey</a> considers how the digital library environment has changed in the ten years since Ariadne was first published.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>We have recently come through several decennial celebrations: the W3C, the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, <em>D-Lib Magazine</em>, and now <em>Ariadne</em>. What happened clearly in the mid-nineties was the convergence of the Web with more pervasive network connectivity, and this made our sense of the network as a shared space for research and learning, work and play, a more real and apparently achievable goal.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/dempsey" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 feature article lorcan dempsey amazon bldsc british library california digital library d-lib magazine dest google harvard university iso jisc microsoft national library of australia oai oclc research information network sakai university of virginia w3c archives hub bath information and data services dner e-framework ebank uk elib irra jisc information environment worldcat aggregation api archives authentication authentication service bibliographic data blog born digital browser cache cataloguing content management copac copyright crm curation data data set database digital asset management digital curation digital identity digital library digital preservation digitisation dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning e-research eportfolio firefox flickr framework google scholar higher education html infrastructure instant messaging institutional repository itunes learning management system library management systems metadata national library netvibes network service oai-pmh ontologies open access open source openurl personalisation portal portfolio preservation programmable web rae repositories research resource description resource discovery resource management resource sharing rss schema search technology service registry software sru standardisation tagging taxonomy uportal url visualisation vle vocabularies web 2.0 web resources web services wiki wireless z39.50 Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1207 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Delivering Open Access: From Promise to Practice http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/law <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/law#author1">Derek Law</a> predicts how the open access agenda will develop over the next ten years.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Training as a mediaeval historian encourages one to look backwards before looking forwards. In doing so it is difficult to overestimate the impact of technology push. The combination of increased speed, increased power and increased storage has transformed the opportunities available to the community at large and academics in particular. Twenty years ago we saw the first CD-ROMs with 650Mb capacity; today a standard entry-level PC will have 80Gb of storage, while 200-1000Gb is not uncommon.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/law" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 feature article derek law apple d-lib magazine elsevier google imperial college london ncsa stm university of strathclyde digital academic repositories archives copyright data data set database digital library dissemination dvd ftp google scholar gopher infrastructure open access open source rae repositories research standards video wireless Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1208 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Research Libraries Engage the Digital World: A US-UK Comparative Examination of Recent History and Future Prospects http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/lynch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/lynch#author1">Clifford Lynch</a> looks at how the emergence of e-research has changed our thinking about the future of research libraries on both sides of the Atlantic.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This brief paper explores changing conceptions of digital libraries and how they fit into the broader information flows and information landscapes in Higher Education and beyond. It includes a few observations comparing how thinking about these questions has evolved within the very different planning, funding and implementation contexts in the United Kingdom and the United States.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/lynch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 feature article clifford lynch coalition for networked information d-lib magazine dcc google library association massachusetts institute of technology national science foundation oclc portico university of california, santa barbara elib jisc information environment archives authentication blog curation data data set database digital asset management digital curation digital library digitisation dissemination dublin core e-research e-science framework higher education infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property jstor learning management system multimedia preservation repositories research resource discovery search technology software text mining Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1209 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Google Challenges for Academic Libraries http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/maccoll <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/maccoll#author1">John MacColl</a> analyses the reactions many academic libraries may be having to the range of tools Google is currently rolling out and outlines a strategy for institutions in the face of such potentially radical developments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_A_-Googly-_for_Libraries">Introduction: A 'Googly' for Libraries?</h2> <blockquote><p>A googly, or a 'wrong'un', is a delivery which looks like a normal leg spinner but actually turns towards the batsmen, like an off break, rather than away from the bat. (BBC Sport Academic Web site [<a href="#1">1</a>]. Search result found in Google).</p></blockquote> <p>How should we understand Google? Libraries still feel like the batsman at whom something has been bowled which looks familiar, but then turns out to be a nasty threat.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/maccoll" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 feature article john maccoll amazon bbc d-lib magazine google harvard university oclc talis university of edinburgh university of oxford jisc information environment project gutenberg algorithm atom bibliographic data blog copyright database digital library digitisation ebook flash google scholar openurl portfolio research search technology vocabularies Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1210 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Excuse Me... Some Digital Preservation Fallacies? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/rusbridge <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/rusbridge#author1">Chris Rusbridge</a> argues with himself about some of the assumptions behind digital preservation thinking.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Excuse_me...">Excuse me...</h2> <p>I have been asked to write an article for the tenth anniversary of <em>Ariadne</em>, a venture that I have enjoyed, off and on, since its inception in 1996 as part of the eLib Programme, of which I was then Programme Director.</p> <p>Some years ago I wrote an article entitled "After eLib" [<a href="#1">1</a>] for <em>Ariadne</em>. The original suggestion was for a follow-up "even more after eLib"; however, I now work for JISC, and that probably makes it hard to be objective!</p> <p>In "After eLib", I wrote this paragraph about digital preservation:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/rusbridge" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 feature article chris rusbridge andrew w mellon foundation british library california digital library d-lib magazine dcc harvard university jisc microsoft national library of the netherlands oais the national archives university of edinburgh elib internet archive archives browser curation data digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories file format gopher graphics infrastructure interoperability metadata microsoft office national library open source preservation preservation metadata provenance repositories research software wayback machine web browser Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1211 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Memory Bytes - History, Technology, and Digital Culture http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/mason-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/mason-rvw#author1">Ingrid Mason</a> takes a look at this collection of essays and analyses how these authors contribute to our understanding of digital culture by placing digital technology in an historical context.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>It seemed a good idea to look at the definition of 'digital culture' offered in <em>Wikipedia</em> [<a href="#1">1</a>] and consider this alongside the ideas presented in this text. The definition was marked for possible deletion, then, a few days later the definition had changed, and the matter seems settled (for the moment) [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/mason-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 review ingrid mason bbc d-lib magazine massachusetts institute of technology national library of new zealand university of cambridge university of chicago wikipedia archives computer programming cybernetics national library quicktime research streaming video Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1220 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 45: Smaller Might Be Beautiful http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/editorial <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/editorial#author1">Richard Waller</a> introduces Ariadne issue 45.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>While as a fully paid-up cynic I could be forgiven for fingering the metaphorical revolver on sighting a technology evangelist, the evangelist in question has an excellent track record as <em>Ariadne</em> readers will know. <strong>Paul Miller</strong> in his article <a href="/issue45/miller/">Web 2.0: Building the New Library</a> would seem to lift our eyes above the merely technological and in a series of 'Principles' underpinning Web 2.0 provides us with a set of aims with which relatively few might argue violently - on the face of it.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/editorial" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 editorial richard waller d-lib magazine jisc oreilly cree daedalus blog cataloguing copyright creative commons digitisation e-learning eprints file sharing framework open access portal repositories research search technology web 2.0 wsrp Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1183 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Putting the Library Into the Institution: Using JSR 168 and WSRP to Enable Search Within Portal Frameworks http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/awre <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/awre#author1">Chris Awre</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author2">Stewart Waller</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author3">Jon Allen</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author4">Matthew J Dovey</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author5">Jon Hunter</a> and <a href="/issue45/awre#author6">Ian Dolphin</a> describe the investigations and technical development undertaken within the JISC-funded Contextual Resource Evaluation Environment (CREE) Project to enable the presentation of existing search tools within portal frameworks using the JSR 168 and WSRP portlet standards.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Under the aegis of the UK Joint Information Systems Committee's (JISC) Portals Programme [<a href="#1">1</a>] development projects have taken place to investigate the use of portals as the presentation path for a variety of search tools. A major output from these projects has been the development of a portal interface, a Web site that users could come to in order to make use of the functionality that the portal provided, particularly searching. Each project, as a key part of its investigations, created its own such interface and Web site.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/awre" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 feature article chris awre ian dolphin jon allen jon hunter matthew dovey stewart waller ahds d-lib magazine edina google ibm jisc oasis oracle oxford university computing services university of edinburgh university of hull university of oxford university of york cree jafer libportal wikipedia aggregation apache api cataloguing content management data file format framework geospatial data gis html infrastructure interoperability intranet java managed learning environment open source perl portal repositories schema search technology software standards stylesheet uportal url vle web portal web services wsrp xml xml schema xslt z39.50 Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1185 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="events0"></a>PV 2005: Ensuring long-term preservation and adding value to scientific and technical data</p> <p>Royal Society of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK<br />21-23 November 2005</p> <p>This conference is the third of a series on long-term preservation and adding value to scientific data. Topics covered include:</p> <h4 id="Ensuring_long-term_data_preservation">1. Ensuring long-term data preservation</h4> <p>State of the art of data archiving and access techniques, for example:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 news and events richard waller american library association british library cilip d-lib magazine ifla jisc library of congress liverpool john moores university london school of economics mla oai tasi ukoln university of manchester cree archives blog cataloguing content provider copyright data database digital curation digital library digital preservation e-business e-learning file sharing foi foia graphics higher education instructional design intellectual property interoperability marc metadata mobile oai-pmh ontologies open access open source photoshop portal preservation privacy rdf research resource description resource description and access search technology semantic web software standardisation standards svg url vle wsrp xml Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1200 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Involving Users in the Development of a Web Accessibility Tool http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/craven <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue44/craven#author1">Jenny Craven</a> and <a href="/issue44/craven#author2">Mikael Snaprud</a> describe how the EC-funded European Internet Accessibility Observatory Project is involving users in the development of a Web accessibility checking and monitoring tool.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The European Union (EU) is increasingly focused on design for all issues and ensuring that access to information and telecommunications meets the needs of all people in order to address the digital divide and create an information society for all. This includes the estimated 37 million people with disabilities in the EU, as well as other groups who could face barriers to e-inclusion such as older people and people with access limitations. This could include users of alternative devices (e.g. PDAs) or with limited bandwidth.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/craven" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue44 feature article jenny craven mikael snaprud alt cerlim cetis d-lib magazine manchester metropolitan university university of agder w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility data database digital library dissemination flash framework information society javascript licence mobile mobile phone multimedia open source portal research schema search technology software wcag web standards Fri, 29 Jul 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1161 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Opening Up OpenURLs with Autodiscovery http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/chudnov <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/chudnov#author1">Daniel Chudnov</a>, <a href="/issue43/chudnov#author2">Richard Cameron</a>, <a href="/issue43/chudnov#author3">Jeremy Frumkin</a>, <a href="/issue43/chudnov#author4">Ross Singer</a> and <a href="/issue43/chudnov#author5">Raymond Yee</a> demonstrate a 'gather locally, share globally' approach to OpenURLs and metadata autodiscovery in scholarly and non-scholarly environments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Library users have never before had so many options for finding, collecting and sharing information. Many users abandon old information management tools whenever new tools are easier, faster, more comprehensive, more intuitive, or simply 'cooler.' Many successful new tools adhere to a principle of simplicity - HTML made it simple for anyone to publish on the Web; XML made it simple for anyone to exchange more strictly defined data; and RSS made it simple to extract and repurpose information from any kind of published resource [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/chudnov" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article daniel chudnov jeremy frumkin raymond yee richard cameron ross singer d-lib magazine georgia institute of technology google ims ims global learning consortium jisc library of congress niso oai oclc oregon state university sakai university of california berkeley yale university citeulike iesr jisc information environment archives bibliographic data bison blog browser cataloguing cookie data database digital library firefox framework google scholar html identifier infrastructure interoperability javascript lucene metadata mets mods oai-pmh open archives initiative openurl personalisation repositories research rss schema search technology service registry sfx software sru srw standards technorati uddi url usability web browser web resources web services wordpress wsdl xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1136 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Digital Preservation: Best Practice and Its Dissemination http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/beagrie <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/beagrie#author1">Neil Beagrie</a> describes the development and subsequent use of a digital preservation handbook and future plans for expansion of its use in training and professional practice.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Digital information is increasingly important to our culture, knowledge base and economy. Long-term management of this material is a vital part of curation practice. This paper outlines the development and subsequent use of an international guide to digital preservation <em>Preservation Management of Digital Materials: A Handbook</em> [<a href="#1">1</a>] and its use in training and professional practice. The Handbook was published in 2001 in hard copy by The British Library and is also available digitally online via the Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/beagrie" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article neil beagrie british library cornell university d-lib magazine digital preservation coalition jisc university of london digital preservation training programme archives course design curation data digital preservation digitisation dissemination further education knowledge base preservation research url Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1140 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk E-Archiving: An Overview of Some Repository Management Software Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Marion Prudlo discusses LOCKSS, EPrints, and DSpace in terms of who uses them, their cost, underlying technology, the required know-how, and functionalities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In recent years initiatives to create software packages for electronic repository management have mushroomed all over the world. Some institutions engage in these activities in order to preserve content that might otherwise be lost, others in order to provide greater access to material that might otherwise be too obscure to be widely used such as grey literature. The open access movement has also been an important factor in this development. Digital initiatives such as pre-print, post-print, and document servers are being created to come up with new ways of publishing.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article mariion prudio d-lib magazine google hewlett-packard massachusetts institute of technology oai queensland university of technology stanford university stm university of pittsburgh university of queensland university of southampton gnu accessibility apache archives bibliographic data cache copyright data data set database digital library digital repositories dspace dublin core ejournal eprints file format gif html identifier java jpg licence linux metadata mysql open access open archives initiative open source openurl operating system perl png preservation preservation metadata rdbms repositories research schema search technology software solaris tomcat url video xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1141 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Are Your Terms? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/johnston <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/johnston#author1">Pete Johnston</a> introduces the JISC Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry (IEMSR) Project and examines some of the challenges it is facing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The JISC Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry (<a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/projects/iemsr/">IEMSR</a>) Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] is funded by JISC through its Shared Services Programme to develop a metadata schema registry as a pilot shared service for the JISC Information Environment (JISC IE). Partners in the project are UKOLN, University of Bath and the Institute for Learning and Research Technology (ILRT), University of Bristol.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/johnston" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article pete johnston becta cetis d-lib magazine ieee ilrt jisc oai ukoln university of bath university of bristol w3c dner iemsr iesr jisc information environment aggregation api application profile archives cataloguing collection description controlled vocabularies data data model data set database dcmi dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning framework higher education internet explorer interoperability java learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata metadata schema registry mysql namespace oai-pmh open archives initiative portal provenance rdf rdfs redland research resource description resource discovery rslp schema search technology service registry simple dublin core soap software sparql standards uk lom core vocabularies xml xml schema Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1143 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk