Overview of content related to 'university of wisconsin' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/14942/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Retooling Libraries for the Data Challenge http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/salo <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/salo#author1">Dorothea Salo</a> examines how library systems and procedures need to change to accommodate research data.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Eager to prove their relevance among scholars leaving print behind, libraries have participated vocally in the last half-decade's conversation about digital research data. On the surface, libraries would seem to have much human and technological infrastructure ready-constructed to repurpose for data: digital library platforms and institutional repositories may appear fit for purpose. However, unless libraries understand the salient characteristics of research data, and how they do and do not fit with library processes and infrastructure, they run the risk of embarrassing missteps as they come to grips with the data challenge.</p> <p>Whether managing research data is 'the new special collections,'[<a href="#1">1</a>] a new form of regular academic-library collection development, or a brand-new library specialty, the possibilities have excited a great deal of talk, planning, and educational opportunity in a profession seeking to expand its boundaries.</p> <p>Faced with shrinking budgets and staffs, library administrators may well be tempted to repurpose existing technology infrastructure and staff to address the data curation challenge. Existing digital libraries and institutional repositories seem on the surface to be a natural fit for housing digital research data. Unfortunately, significant mismatches exist between research data and library digital warehouses, as well as the processes and procedures librarians typically use to fill those warehouses. Repurposing warehouses and staff for research data is therefore neither straightforward nor simple; in some cases, it may even prove impossible.</p> <h2 id="Characteristics_of_Research_Data">Characteristics of Research Data</h2> <p>What do we know about research data? What are its salient characteristics with respect to stewardship?</p> <h3 id="Size_and_Scope">Size and Scope</h3> <p>Perhaps the commonest mental image of research data is terabytes of information pouring out of the merest twitch of the Large Hadron Collider Project. So-called 'Big Data' both captures the imagination of and creates sheer terror in the practical librarian or technologist. 'Small data,' however, may prove to be the bigger problem: data emerging from individual researchers and labs, especially those with little or no access to grants, or a hyperlocal research focus. Though each small-data producer produces only a trickle of data compared to the like of the Large Hadron Collider Project, the tens of thousands of small-data producers in aggregate may well produce as much data (or more, measured in bytes) as their Big Data counterparts [<a href="#2">2</a>]. Securely and reliably storing and auditing this amount of data is a serious challenge. The burgeoning 'small data' store means that institutions without local Big Data projects are by no means exempt from large-scale storage considerations.</p> <p>Small data also represents a serious challenge in terms of human resources. Best practices instituted in a Big Data project reach all affected scientists quickly and completely; conversely, a small amount of expert intervention in such a project pays immense dividends. Because of the great numbers of individual scientists and labs producing small data, however, immensely more consultations and consultants are necessary to bring practices and the resulting data to an acceptable standard.</p> <h3 id="Variability">Variability</h3> <p>Digital research data comes in every imaginable shape and form. Even narrowing the universe of research data to 'image' yields everything from scans of historical glass negative photographs to digital microscope images of unicellular organisms taken hundreds at a time at varying depths of field so that the organism can be examined in three dimensions. The tools that researchers use naturally shape the resulting data. When the tool is proprietary, unfortunately, so may be the file format that it produced. When that tool does not include long-term data viability as a development goal, the data it produces are often neither interoperable nor preservable.</p> <p>A major consequence of the diversity of forms and formats of digital research data is a concomitant diversity in desired interactions. The biologist with a 3-D stack of microscope images interacts very differently with those images than does a manuscript scholar trying to extract the underlying half-erased text from a palimpsest. These varying affordances <em>must</em> be respected by dissemination platforms if research data are to enjoy continued use.</p> <p>One important set of interactions involves actual changes to data. Many sorts of research data are considerably less usable in their raw state than after they have had filters or algorithms or other processing performed on them. Others welcome correction, or are refined by comparison with other datasets. Two corollaries emerge: first, that planning and acting for data stewardship must take place throughout the research process, rather than being an add-on at the end; and second, that digital preservation systems designed to steward only final, unchanging materials can only fail faced with real-world datasets and data-use practices.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/salo" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 feature article dorothea salo california digital library dcc google oai university of wisconsin hydra algorithm api archives bibliographic data big data blog collection development cookie curation data data management data set database digital curation digital library digital preservation digitisation dissemination drupal dspace dublin core eprints fedora commons file format flickr google docs infrastructure institutional repository interoperability library management systems linked data marc metadata mods oai-pmh open source preservation rdf repositories research search technology software standardisation standards sword protocol wiki xml Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1566 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Is an Open Repository? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/open-repos-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/open-repos-rpt#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue51/open-repos-rpt#author2">Jessie Hey</a>, <a href="/issue51/open-repos-rpt#author3">Chris Awre</a> and <a href="/issue51/open-repos-rpt#author4">Mahendra Mahey</a> report on the Open Repositories 2007 conference, held in San Antonio, Texas between 23-26 January 2007.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>23-26 January 2007 saw the second Open RepositoriesConference [<a href="#1">1</a>], this year hosted at the enormous Marriott Rivercenter Hotel in San Antonio, Texas, around the corner from the Alamo. The conference followed on from the inaugural one held last year in Sydney [<a href="#2">2</a>], offering the U.S. repositories community an ideal opportunity to gather, together with a generous scattering of attendees from other parts of the world.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/open-repos-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 event report chris awre jessie hey julie allinson mahendra mahey fiz karlsruhe indiana university massachusetts institute of technology microsoft mpeg oai sakai tufts university ukoln university of bath university of hull university of minho university of southampton university of virginia university of wisconsin crib preserv apache api application profile archives authentication blog browser data didl digital curation digital library digital repositories dspace dublin core e-science eprints fedora commons flickr frbr geospatial data gis identifier institutional repository interoperability metadata oai-ore oai-pmh open access open source opendocument persistent identifier portal preservation provenance rdf repositories research semantic web software standards usability web 2.0 widget Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1316 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Seminar_Invitation_from_DEF_-_Danish_Electronic_Research_Library">Seminar Invitation from DEF - Danish Electronic Research Library</h3> <p>The DEF XML Web Services project invites you to participate in the seminar: <strong>Building Digital Libraries with XML Web Services</strong> on Friday 27 August 2004 from 9:30 to 16:00 at the Technical University of Denmark, Building 303, DK-2800 Lyngby.</p> <p>The headlines of the seminar are:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 news and events shirley keane andrew w mellon foundation blackboard cornell university google hefce jisc jisc collections library of congress national library of the netherlands national science foundation newcastle university oai oracle stanford university stm technical university of denmark university college dublin university of bath university of nottingham university of virginia university of wisconsin wellcome trust libportal ndiipp apache archives authority data bibliographic data blog cataloguing content management data database digital archive digital library digital object identifier digital preservation digital repositories digitisation doi dtd e-government e-learning ead eprints fedora commons framework further education higher education html ict identifier information society infrastructure intellectual property interoperability intranet knowledge management licence linux mac os metadata mysql national library ocr ontologies open access open archives initiative open source optical character recognition personalisation php portal preservation repositories research schema search technology semantic web sgml software solaris standardisation standards taxonomy uportal url web services xml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1071 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Delivering OAI Records As RSS: An IMesh Toolkit Module for Facilitating Resource Sharing http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/duke <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/duke#author1">Monica Duke</a> provides an overview of a means of providing records in RSS through the use of an IMesh Toolkit module that supports resource sharing. The content of this article was presented at the 4th Open Archives Forum Workshop</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Subject Gateways act as a main point of access to high-quality resources on the Web. They are resource discovery guides that provide links to information resources which can be whole Web sites, organisational home pages and other collections or services, themed around a specific subject, such as the physical sciences or humanities. At their core is a catalogue of rich metadata records that describe Internet resources - subject specialists identify and select the resources and create the descriptions.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/duke" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article monica duke google jisc national library of australia oai ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of wisconsin jisc information environment aggregation archives cataloguing copyright digital library doi dublin core framework html identifier interoperability metadata national library oai-pmh open archives initiative perl portal rdf repositories research resource discovery resource sharing rss schema search technology software standards subject gateway uri url urn xml Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 989 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, Volume 36 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue36/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> takes a detailed look at the structure and content of this hardy annual.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The <em>Annual Review of Information Science and Technology</em> (<em><a href="http://www.asis.org/Publications/ARIST/">ARIST</a> </em>) [<a href="#1">1</a>] will already be familiar to many readers of <em>Ariadne</em>. It is an important annual publication containing review articles on many topics of relevance to library and information science, published on behalf of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (<a href="http://www.asis.org/">ASIST</a>) [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue36 review michael day edinburgh napier university google indiana university ukoln university college dublin university of bath university of wisconsin victoria university algorithm bibliometrics copyright data data mining database digital library geospatial data gis interoperability knowledge management machine learning metadata multimedia preservation privacy research resource discovery search technology semiotic text mining url usability visualisation Tue, 29 Jul 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 982 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Accessibility: CHI 2001 and Beyond http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/chi <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/chi#author1">Leona Carpenter</a> reports on the key issue of accessibility as covered at the Computer-Human Interaction (CHI) Conference held in Seattle, and also provides a round-up of sources of further information.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The “CHI” series of conferences sponsored by the Association for Computing Machinery’s Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction (ACM-SIGCHI) [<a href="#1">1</a>], in partnership with, among others, the British HCI Group, is the premier international conference on human aspects of computing. <i>CHI2001: anyone.</i></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/chi" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 feature article leona carpenter georgia institute of technology ibm jisc microsoft rnib sun microsystems ukoln university of dundee university of wisconsin web accessibility initiative accessibility archives bibliographic data browser cd-rom digital media ebook geospatial data gis html ict information architecture information society infrastructure mobile national library research software standards tablet computer url usability video windows Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 800 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Information Ecologies: Report of the eLib Conference http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/info-ecologies <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/info-ecologies#author1">Philip Hunter</a> reports on the eLib conference in York in December 1998, which explored a number of hybrid library, subject Gateway and copyright control issues.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><img align="LEFT" alt="the Viking Moat hotel in York" height="310" hspace="25" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue19-info-ecologies/viking-moat-elib.jpg" vspace="20" width="251" /></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/info-ecologies" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 event report philip hunter ahds jisc ukoln university of aberdeen university of bath university of wisconsin elib heron digital library framework preservation research resource discovery standardisation subject gateway Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 600 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Exploring Planet SOSIG: Sociology http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/planet-sosig <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In this edition, <a href="/issue18/planet-sosig#author1">Stuart Macwilliam</a>, the section editor for Sociology, gives an overview of the resources likely to be found in his section. This is preceded by news of some 'mutual mirroring' across the Atlantic, involving SOSIG and the Internet Scout Project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/planet-sosig" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue18 regular column stuart macwilliam ilrt jisc national science foundation university of bristol university of wisconsin sosig cataloguing higher education research resource discovery Sat, 19 Dec 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 570 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Exploring Planet SOSIG: Law, Statistics and Demography http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue17/planet-sosig <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Planet SOSIG: Exploring Planet SOSIG: Law, Statistics and Demography: <a href="/issue17/planet-sosig#author1">Janette Cochrane</a>, <a href="/issue17/planet-sosig#author2">Sue Pettit</a> and <a href="/issue17/planet-sosig#author3">Wendy White</a>. Planet SOSIG continues its review of the main SOSIG subject sections, highlighting the resources that the Internet can offer to those working in the different fields of the social sciences.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="UKOLN-page-body"> <p>(Planet SOSIG continues its review of the main SOSIG subject sections, highlighting the resources that the Internet can offer to those working in the different fields of the social sciences. In this edition, we describe two sections of SOSIG: 1) the Law Section and 2) the Statistics and Demography Section.</p> <p>Sue Pettit is a law librarian at the University of Bristol and is the Law section editor for SOSIG. Her article gives an overview of the resources likely to be found in the law section and a glimpse at the selection criteria she employs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue17/planet-sosig" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue17 regular column janette cochrane sue pettit wendy white australian national university cornell university london school of hygiene and tropical medicine university of bristol university of southampton university of wisconsin sosig archives bibliographic data data database foi microdata research search technology software url web resources Fri, 18 Sep 1998 23:00:00 +0000 editor 537 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ALA '98 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue17/alac98 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue17/alac98#author1">Ian Winship</a> reports on electronic library related activity at this year's American Library Association Conference in Washington D.C.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue17/alac98" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue17 event report ian winship american library association iso library of congress microsoft niso oclc university of arizona university of northumbria at newcastle university of wisconsin bibliographic data browser cataloguing copyright database doi dublin core html identifier jstor licence privacy research search technology telnet usability Fri, 18 Sep 1998 23:00:00 +0000 editor 542 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk