Overview of content related to 'data' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/15/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=pete%20cliff&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Book Review: Delete - The Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/cliff-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/cliff-rvw#author1">Pete Cliff</a> hopes he'll not forget this marvellous book, even when the author seems to suggest it might be better if he did!</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v.2.0 --><!-- v.2.0 --><p>In the past the storage and recall of information (the act of remembering) was limited. If people wanted to keep a record, it had to be written down (at great expense in the days before printing) or they had to rely on (notoriously error-prone) human memory. As time moved on, more and more could be recorded, but recall in the analogue world remained difficult - the <em>raison d'être</em> of information science. However, with the proliferation of digital recording and the advent of cheap and vast storage, the balance has shifted. In a world deluged with data - including our personal collections of digital photos, email inboxes and the like - it has become easier to record everything than attempt any kind of manual pruning - deleting bad photographs, irrelevant emails, etc. At the same time recall methods have advanced, so that I can (should I want) look up an email I sent more than five years ago or see what a colleague blogged last year.</p> <p>This shift from people forgetting to machines remembering is the central theme of Viktor Mayer-Schönberger's book <em>Delete, </em>published by Princeton University Press.&nbsp;And a fascinating, frightening, well-argued and accessible read it is!</p> <p>The work opens with the now familiar horror stories of digital remembering - a newly qualified teacher failing to get a job on account of the picture of her on a social networking site, the psychotherapist refused entry to the USA because of a (presumably open access) journal article, published several years before, in which he mentions having taken LSD in the 1960s. Examples of how society is now able to discover (to remember) facts about your life that you have forgotten yourself. This opening chapter neatly sets the scene and highlights just how much Mayer-Schönberger has read around the problem of 'perfect memory'.</p> <p>In the next two chapters, the reader is taken on a ride through the psychology, sociology and history of forgetting and humankind's battle against it. They culminate in the rise of the technologies that now leave us with a society capable of seemingly perfect memory (though not everything is remembered digitally and we'd do well to remember that!) while individuals are now capable of looking up their past in ways hitherto unimagined. Though the author's arguments are compelling, they are on occasion overstated or based on false premise - is it really all that easy to mine the vast data resources we have at our command yet? However, the book does get the reader thinking and the author himself states that part of his reason for writing it was to stimulate debate.</p> <p>Chapter IV, <em>Of Power and Time - Consequences of the Demise of Forgetting, </em>is probably my favourite - perhaps because I love a good tale of doom! It examines the consequences of total recall and boils the issue down to two fundamentals. Firstly there is the loss of power, as information about us is duplicated and reused (often out of context) with or without our permission; and secondly the negation of time. Among the issues are two terrifying possibilities: that perfect memory threatens reason, abstract thought and the ability to make decisions in the present, and; that the reasons for retaining data now may seem sensible, but what if (as with the chilling example given) it should fall into the wrong hands in the future?</p> <p>Having clearly and concisely built a picture of the problem, from the early days of human history to the present, Mayer-Schönberger then turns to some potential solutions. Chapter V outlines six potential responses, drawing on information privacy issues as well as other areas. Curious here is the way he suggests one response would be for information sources (us) to use digital rights management techniques to ensure our data are safe, effectively turning the tables on the music industry or search engines. It is an interesting idea, though one the author later dismisses.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/cliff-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 review pete cliff princeton university university of oxford data information retrieval open access privacy search technology software Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1536 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Visualizing Data http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/cliff-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/cliff-rvw#author1">Pete Cliff</a> considers a new book on data visualisation and hopes one day to implement some of the interesting ideas presented in this work.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I'll be honest - I am no expert in data visualisation. I had not heard of Edward Tufte [<a href="#1">1</a>] before looking at this book and while I thought I had an idea about the topic, the book suggested to me I did not. Perhaps this makes me unable to judge the value of its content; but I prefer to think this means I can come at the work as a member of the target audience:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/cliff-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 review pete cliff amazon oreilly ukoln university of bath gnu bibliographic data computer programming data data set data visualisation database flash graphics html java javascript json licence mysql open source photoshop programming language research software svg vector graphics visualisation xml Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1421 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Programming Collective Intelligence http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/cliff-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/cliff-rvw#author1">Pete Cliff</a> tries to remember A-level mathematics as he dives into the fascinating world of machine learning and statistics and how to apply these techniques to Web-accessible datasets.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>When I was handed this book for review a colleague of mine said "rather you than me" and there is no doubt that <em>Programming Collective Intelligence</em> is probably not a book for everyone. However, if phrases like 'Bayesian filtering', 'Support-vector machines', 'Collaborative filtering' and 'Methods of clustering' do not deter you or better, engage your interest, then this work is well worth a look.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/cliff-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 review pete cliff ukoln university of bath ajax algorithm api blog data data set python research ruby web 2.0 Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1378 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Principles of Data Management http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/cliff-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/cliff-rvw#author1">Pete Cliff</a> takes a look at a new book from the British Computer Society that aims to help readers understand the importance, issues and benefits of data management across an enterprise.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><em>Principles of Data Management</em> might not sound like a thrilling title and, given its business focus, you might think not all that relevant to many readers of <em>Ariadne</em>. However, before dismissing it out of hand, consider this: may not the research outputs of an institution be regarded as business assets that require management (in, for example, an institutional repository)? On what other data does a university rely? Staffing, recruitment, enrolment, courses, library stock, costs?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/cliff-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 review pete cliff ukoln repositories support project data data management data mining data model database document format further education html institutional repository interoperability metadata multimedia repositories research rss standards xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1360 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Digital Repositories: Dealing With the Digital Deluge http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/digital-deluge-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue52/digital-deluge-rpt#author1">Pete Cliff</a> gives an overall view of the multi-stranded JISC conference held in Manchester over 5-6 June 2007.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/digital-deluge-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue52 event report pete cliff eduserv eurocris jisc science and technology facilities council ukoln wikipedia curation data digital repositories eportfolio higher education institutional repository metadata mis open access preservation repositories research search technology tagging web 2.0 Sun, 29 Jul 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1339 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Building ResourceFinder http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/rdn-oai <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue30/rdn-oai#author1">Pete Cliff</a> looks at how the RDN has utilised the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/rdn-oai" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue30 feature article pete cliff jisc oai ukoln university of southampton eevl sosig archives cataloguing data database dublin core framework ftp further education identifier interoperability metadata mysql open archives initiative open source perl php repositories search technology software subject gateway web resources xml z39.50 Fri, 25 Jan 2002 00:00:00 +0000 editor 845 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Distributed Computing: The Seti@home Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue27/seti <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue27/seti#author1">Eddie Young</a> and <a href="/issue27/seti#author2">Pete Cliff</a> look at a particularly successful example of a distributed solution to a very large number crunching problem.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue27/seti" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue27 feature article eddie young pete cliff ibm ieee ukoln algorithm data flash internet explorer research search technology software url video Fri, 23 Mar 2001 00:00:00 +0000 editor 773 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk