Overview of content related to 'namespace' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/151/0?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Motivations for the Development of a Web Resource Synchronisation Framework http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/lewis-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/lewis-et-al#author1">Stuart Lewis</a>, <a href="/issue70/lewis-et-al#author2">Richard Jones</a> and <a href="/issue70/lewis-et-al#author3">Simeon Warner</a> explain some of the motivations behind the development of the ResourceSync Framework.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article describes the motivations behind the development of the ResourceSync Framework. The Framework addresses the need to synchronise resources between Web sites. &nbsp;Resources cover a wide spectrum of types, such as metadata, digital objects, Web pages, or data files. &nbsp;There are many scenarios in which the ability to perform some form of synchronisation is required. Examples include aggregators such as Europeana that want to harvest and aggregate collections of resources, or preservation services that wish to archive Web sites as they change.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/lewis-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 tooled up richard jones simeon warner stuart lewis aberystwyth university cornell university imperial college london jisc library of congress niso oai oclc ukoln university of edinburgh university of oxford dbpedia europeana opendoar wikipedia access control aggregation api archives atom cache cataloguing data data management data set database digital library doi dspace dublin core eprints framework ftp higher education html hypertext identifier interoperability knowledge base linked data metadata namespace national library oai-ore oai-pmh open access open archives initiative open source passwords portal portfolio preservation provenance repositories research rfc rss search technology service oriented architecture software sru srw standards sword protocol syndication twitter uri url web app web resources web services xml z39.50 Mon, 03 Dec 2012 15:58:46 +0000 lisrw 2392 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Image 'Quotation' Using the C.I.T.E. Architecture http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author1">Christopher Blackwell</a> and <a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author2">Amy Hackney Blackwell</a> describe with examples a digital library infrastructure that affords canonical citation for 'quoting' images, useful for creating commentaries, arguments, and teaching tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Quotation is the heart of scholarly argument and teaching, the activity of bringing insight to something complex by focused discussion of its parts. Philosophers who have reflected on the question of quotation have identified two necessary components: a name, pointer, or citation on the one hand and a reproduction or repetition on the other. Robert Sokolowski calls quotation a 'curious conjunction of being able to name and to contain' [<a href="#1">1</a>]; V.A. Howard is more succinct: quotation is 'replication-plus-reference' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. We are less interested in the metaphysical aspects of quotation than in the practical ones.</p> <p>The tools and techniques described here were supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. 0916148 &amp; No. 0916421. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).</p> <h2 id="Quotation">Quotation</h2> <p>Quotation, when accompanied by citation, allows us to bring the reader's attention to bear on a particular part of a larger whole efficiently and without losing the surrounding context. A work of Biblical exegesis, for example, can quote or merely cite 'Genesis 1:29' without having to reproduce the entire Hebrew Bible, or even the Book of Genesis; a reader can resolve that citation to a particular passage about the creation of plants, and can see that passage as a discrete node at the bottom of a narrowing hierarchy: Hebrew Bible, Genesis, Chapter 1, Verse 29. We take this for granted.</p> <p>Quoting a text is easy. But how can we quote an image? This remains difficult even in the 21st century where it is easy to reproduce digital images, pass them around through networks, and manipulate them on our desks.</p> <p>A scholar wishing to refer to a particular part of an image will generally do something like this: She will open one version of an image in some editing software, select and 'cut' a section from it, and 'paste' that section into a document containing the text of her commentary or argument. She might add to the text of her argument a reference to the source of the image. The language that describes this process is that of mechanical work&nbsp;– cutting and pasting&nbsp;– rather than the language of quotation and citation. The process yields a fragment of an image with only a tenuous connection to the ontological hierarchy of the object of study. The same scholar who would never give a citation to '<em>The Bible</em>, page 12' rather than to 'Genesis 1:29' will, of necessity, cite an image-fragment in a way similarly unlikely to help readers find the source and locate the fragment in its natural context.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 feature article amy hackney blackwell christopher blackwell clemson university furman university google harvard university national academy of sciences national science foundation university of virginia gnu homer multitext archives browser creative commons css data digital library doi dublin core firefox free software html identifier infrastructure java licence metadata namespace openoffice research safari schema software standards stylesheet tei thesaurus url urn vocabularies web browser xhtml xml xsl xslt zip Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1620 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Moving Researchers across the EResearch Chasm http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/wolski-richardson <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue65/wolski-richardson#author1">Malcolm Wolski</a> and <a href="/issue65/wolski-richardson#author2">Joanna Richardson</a> outline an Australian initiative to address technology challenges within current research paradigms.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In 1999 Sir John Taylor [<a href="#1">1</a>], then Director General of the UK Research Councils, talked about <em>e-Science</em>, i.e. global collaboration in key areas of science and the next generation of infrastructure that will support it. It encompasses computationally intensive science that is carried out in highly distributed network environments or that uses immense datasets that require grid computing. In the US the term <em>cyberinfrastructure</em> has been used to describe the new research environments that support advanced data acquisition, data storage, data management, data integration, data mining, data visualisation and other computing and information processing services over the Internet. In Australia—and other countries—the term <em>eResearch</em> extends e-Science and cyberinfrastructure to other disciplines, including the humanities and social sciences, and denotes the use of information technology to support existing and new forms of research.</p> <p>It is within this rapidly evolving context that the researcher of the 21st century now operates. However not all researchers are responding to changes in this new environment. In this article we will examine the current research paradigm, the main drivers for researchers to engage with this paradigm, reasons for lack of engagement, and a project undertaken at an Australian university—as part of a national initiative—to start to address the problem of making data from research activity, past and current, more discoverable and accessible.</p> <h2 id="Trends_in_the_Evolution_of_Research_Paradigms">Trends in the Evolution of Research Paradigms</h2> <p>Gray [<a href="#2">2</a>] discusses the evolution of research paradigms which has led to the increasingly important role that information technology now plays in supporting research. For thousands of years there was experimental / empirical science followed in the last few hundred years by theoretical science. The third research paradigm, which evolved in the last few decades, was characterised by increasingly complex research challenges based principally on large-scale computational simulation. This led to the concept of holistic systems of systems; the evolution from wet labs (hands-on scientific research and experimentation) to virtual labs; and an emphasis on modelling, simulation, projection and prediction.</p> <p>E-Science / cyberinfrastructure / eResearch are short-hand terms for a new fourth paradigm which is characterised by data-intensive science. The focus is on data analysis and mining; patterns discovery; and the evolution of large databases and data archives. One by-product is the so-called 'data deluge', which has led to enormous challenges in research data management. The fourth paradigm is changing the longstanding model of scholarly communication as, in the words of Clifford Lynch [<a href="#2">2</a>], 'the paper becomes a window for a scientist to not only actively understand a scientific result, but also reproduce it or extend it'. This latest paradigm is also characterised by the collaborative and multidisciplinary nature of the research being undertaken at both national and international levels.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/wolski-richardson" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue65 feature article joanna richardson malcolm wolski cornell university griffith university iso microsoft national library of australia national science foundation oai oclc queensland university of technology accessibility archives content management creative commons data data management data mining data set data visualisation database disruptive innovation dublin core e-research e-science foaf framework higher education identifier infrastructure institutional repository licence metadata namespace national library oai-pmh ontologies open access open archives initiative open source owl preservation rae rdf repositories research resource description and access semantic web skos software standards visualisation Fri, 29 Oct 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1591 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Abstract Modelling of Digital Identifiers http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/nicholas-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author1">Nick Nicholas</a>, <a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author2">Nigel Ward</a> and <a href="/issue62/nicholas-et-al#author3">Kerry Blinco</a> present an information model of digital identifiers, to help bring clarity to the vocabulary debates from which this field has suffered.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v2, incorporating author review edits inc. lead-ins to bullet lists - 2010-02-12-19-30-rew--><!-- v2, incorporating author review edits inc. lead-ins to bullet lists - 2010-02-12-19-30-rew--><p>Discussion of digital identifiers, and persistent identifiers in particular, has often been confused by differences in underlying assumptions and approaches. To bring more clarity to such discussions, the PILIN Project has devised an abstract model of identifiers and identifier services, which is presented here in summary. Given such an abstract model, it is possible to compare different identifier schemes, despite variations in terminology; and policies and strategies can be formulated for persistence without committing to particular systems. The abstract model is formal and layered; in this article, we give an overview of the distinctions made in the model. This presentation is not exhaustive, but it presents some of the key concepts represented, and some of the insights that result.</p> <p>The main goal of the Persistent Identifier Linking Infrastructure (PILIN) project [<a href="#1">1</a>] has been to scope the infrastructure necessary for a national persistent identifier service. There are a variety of approaches and technologies already on offer for persistent digital identification of objects. But true identity persistence cannot be bound to particular technologies, domain policies, or information models: any formulation of a persistent identifier strategy needs to outlast current technologies, if the identifiers are to remain persistent in the long term.</p> <p>For that reason, PILIN has modelled the digital identifier space in the abstract. It has arrived at an ontology [<a href="#2">2</a>] and a service model [<a href="#3">3</a>] for digital identifiers, and for how they are used and managed, building on previous work in the identifier field [<a href="#4">4</a>] (including the thinking behind URI [<a href="#5">5</a>], DOI [<a href="#6">6</a>], XRI [<a href="#7">7</a>] and ARK [<a href="#8">8</a>]), as well as semiotic theory [<a href="#9">9</a>]. The ontology, as an abstract model, addresses the question 'what is (and isn't) an identifier?' and 'what does an identifier management system do?'. This more abstract view also brings clarity to the ongoing conversation of whether URIs can be (and should be) universal persistent identifiers.</p> <h2 id="Identifier_Model">Identifier Model</h2> <p>For the identifier model to be abstract, it cannot commit to a particular information model. The notion of an identifier depends crucially on the understanding that an identifier only identifies one distinct thing. But different domains will have different understandings of what things are distinct from each other, and what can legitimately count as a single thing. (This includes aggregations of objects, and different versions or snapshots of objects.) In order for the abstract identifier model to be applicable to all those domains, it cannot impose its own definitions of what things are distinct: it must rely on the distinctions specific to the domain.</p> <p>This means that information modelling is a critical prerequisite to introducing identifiers to a domain, as we discuss elsewhere [<a href="#10">10</a>]: identifier users should be able to tell whether any changes in a thing's content, presentation, or location mean it is no longer identified by the same identifier (i.e. whether the identifier is restricted to a particular version, format, or copy).</p> <p>The abstract identifier model also cannot commit to any particular protocols or service models. In fact, the abstract identifier model should not even presume the Internet as a medium. A sufficiently abstract model of identifiers should apply just as much to URLs as it does to ISBNs, or names of sheep; the model should not be inherently digital, in order to avoid restricting our understanding of identifiers to the current state of digital technologies. This means that our model of identifiers comes close to the understanding in semiotics of signs, as our definitions below make clear.</p> <p>There are two important distinctions between digital identifiers and other signs which we needed to capture. First, identifiers are managed through some system, in order to guarantee the stability of certain properties of the identifier. This is different to other signs, whose meaning is constantly renegotiated in a community. Those identifier properties requiring guarantees include the accountability and persistence of various facets of the identifier—most crucially, what is being identified. For digital identifiers, the <strong>identifier management system</strong> involves registries, accessed through defined services. An HTTP server, a PURL [<a href="#11">11</a>] registry, and an XRI registry are all instances of identifier management systems.</p> <p>Second, digital identifiers are straightforwardly <strong>actionable</strong>: actions can be made to happen in connection with the identifier. Those actions involve interacting with computers, rather than other people: the computer consistently does what the system specifies is to be done with the identifier, and has no latitude for subjective interpretation. This is in contrast with human language, which can involve complex processes of interpretation, and where there can be considerable disconnect between what a speaker intends and how a listener reacts. Because the interactions involved are much simpler, the model can concentrate on two actions which are core to digital identifiers, but which are only part of the picture in human communication: working out what is being identified (<em>resolution</em>), and accessing a representation of what is identified (<em>retrieval</em>).</p> <p>So to model managing and acting on digital identifiers, we need a concept of things that can be identified, names for things, and the relations between them. (Semiotics already gives us such concepts.) We also need a model of the systems through which identifiers are managed and acted on; what those systems do, and who requests them to do so; and what aspects of identifiers the systems manage.</p> <p>Our identifier model (as an ontology) thus encompasses:</p> <ul> <li><strong>Entities</strong> - including actors and identifier systems;</li> <li><strong>Relations</strong> between entities;</li> <li><strong>Qualities</strong>, as desirable properties of entities. Actions are typically undertaken in order to make qualities apply to entities.</li> <li><strong>Actions</strong>, as the processes carried out on entities (and corresponding to <strong>services</strong> in implementations);</li> </ul> <p>An individual identifier system can be modelled using concepts from the ontology, with an identifier system model.</p> <p>In the remainder of this article, we go through the various concepts introduced in the model under these classes. We present the concept definitions under each section, before discussing issues that arise out of them. <em>Resolution</em> and <em>Retrieval</em> are crucial actions for identifiers, whose definition involves distinct issues; they are discussed separately from other Actions. We briefly discuss the standing of HTTP URIs in the model at the end.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/nicholas-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article kerry blinco nick nicholas nigel ward d-lib magazine dest ietf oasis internet archive aggregation archives ark ascii browser cataloguing cool uri cordra curation data database digital object identifier dns document management doi e-learning ftp identifier infrastructure interoperability learning objects metadata mobile mobile phone namespace ontologies openurl persistent identifier purl repositories research rfc search technology semantic web semiotic service usage model uri url vocabularies wayback machine web browser xml xml namespaces Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1528 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk E-Curator: A 3D Web-based Archive for Conservators and Curators http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/hess-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author1">Mona Hess</a>, <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author2">Graeme Were</a>, <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author3">Ian Brown</a>, <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author4">Sally MacDonald</a>, <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author5">Stuart Robson</a> and <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author6">Francesca Simon Millar</a> describe a project which combines 3D colour laser scanning and e-Science technologies for capturing and sharing very large 3D scans and datasets about museum artefacts in a secure computing environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_The_Evolving_Field_of_Artefact_Documentation">Introduction: The Evolving Field of Artefact Documentation</h2> <p>Digital heritage technologies promise a greater understanding of cultural objects cared for by museums. Recent technological advances in digital photography and image processing not only offer a high level of documentation, they also provide powerful analytical tools for conservation monitoring of cultural objects.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/hess-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue60 feature article francesca simon millar graeme were ian brown mona hess sally macdonald stuart robson ahrc british museum jisc ukoln university college london university of cambridge ahessc e-curator archives big data cataloguing cloud computing curation data data management data set database digitisation dissemination e-science file format gpl graphics identifier infrastructure internet explorer licence metadata multimedia namespace open source preservation provenance rdbms research software standards visualisation Wed, 29 Jul 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1491 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Assessing FRBR in Dublin Core Application Profiles http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/chaudhri <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue58/chaudhri#author1">Talat Chaudhri</a> makes a detailed assessment of the FRBR structure of the Dublin Core Application Profiles funded by JISC.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Efforts to create standard metadata records for resources in digital repositories have hitherto relied for the most part on the simple standard schema published by the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) [<a href="#1">1</a>], the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, more commonly known as 'simple Dublin Core' [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/chaudhri" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue58 feature article talat chaudhri jisc oai ukoln university of bath university of warwick geospatial application profile images application profile lmap tbmap application profile bibliographic data cataloguing copyright data data model dcap dcmi digital repositories doc domain model dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative eprints file format frbr geospatial data gis identifier interoperability metadata metadata model namespace oai-pmh open access rdf relax ng repositories research schema scholarly works application profile search technology simple dublin core software standards url video vocabularies xml Fri, 30 Jan 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1452 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Making Sense With Metadata http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/tonkin-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue58/tonkin-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> takes a look at an impressive new book on the topic of metadata design, implementation and evaluation in theory and practice.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The casual visitor to the area of digital library research could be forgiven for feeling overwhelmed by the sheer mass and complexity of the world of metadata, not to mention the speed at which things move on. It is in no sense a rare occurrence, even for those taking an active role in the field, to find that something else has changed and that one has, as they say in other walks of life, 'missed a memo'.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/tonkin-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue58 review emma tonkin ukoln university of bath application profile bibliographic data dcmi digital library dublin core dublin core metadata initiative infrastructure interoperability metadata namespace repositories research schema standards Fri, 30 Jan 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1462 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: SeeAlso: A Simple Linkserver Protocol http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/voss <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/voss#author1">Jakob Voss</a> combines OpenSearch and unAPI to enrich catalogues.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2 to take in final edits on code fragments, etc --><!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2 to take in final edits on code fragments, etc --><p>In recent years the principle of Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) has grown increasingly important in digital library systems. More and more core functionalities are becoming available in the form of Web-based, standardised services which can be combined dynamically to operate across a broader environment [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/voss" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 feature article jakob voss d-lib magazine google ieee oai w3c cpan jisc information environment wikipedia api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing cloud computing creative commons csv data database digital library firefox framework html hypertext identifier javascript json library management systems librarything licence lod metadata microformats namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative open data open source open standard openurl perl rdf rfc search technology soa software sparql sql sru standards syndication tag cloud uri url web 2.0 web services wiki xml xslt Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1436 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Persistent Identifiers: Considering the Options http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> looks at the current landscape of persistent identifiers, describes several current services, and examines the theoretical background behind their structure and use.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="What_Is_a_Persistent_Identifier_and_Why">What Is a Persistent Identifier, and Why?</h2> <p>Persistent identifiers (PIs) are simply maintainable identifiers that allow us to refer to a digital object – a file or set of files, such as an e-print (article, paper or report), an image or an installation file for a piece of software. The only interesting persistent identifiers are also persistently actionable (that is, you can "click" them); however, unlike a simple hyperlink, persistent identifiers are supposed to continue to provide access to the resource, even when it moves to other servers or even to other organisations.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 feature article emma tonkin ansi california digital library cnri darpa ietf iso niso oclc portico ukoln university of bath archives ark bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing content management cool uri data database digital library digital object identifier dissemination dns doi ftp handle system identifier infrastructure licence metadata multimedia naan name mapping authority namespace national library openurl persistent identifier preservation purl request for comments research rfc search technology software standardisation standards unicode uri url urn utf-8 video z39.88 Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1413 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk SWORD: Simple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/allinson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author2">Sebastien Francois</a> and <a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author3">Stuart Lewis</a> describe the JISC-funded SWORD Project which has produced a lightweight protocol for repository deposit.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/allinson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 feature article julie allinson sebastien francois stuart lewis aberystwyth university cetis jisc microsoft oai oclc open knowledge initiative ukoln university of bath university of southampton university of york jisc information environment repositories research team sword project apache api application profile archives atom authentication blog data data set digital library dissemination dspace eprints facebook fedora commons gif interoperability java jpeg ldap learning objects licence metadata mets namespace oai-ore open access open archives initiative open source osid passwords perl php preservation repositories rfc scholarly works application profile search technology software sru standards sword protocol syndication tagging url web app web resources web services wiki xml zip Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1366 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The W3C Technical Architecture Group http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/thompson <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/thompson#author1">Henry S. Thompson</a> introduces the W3C Technical Architecture Group and its work.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/thompson" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 feature article henry s. thompson google ibm ietf massachusetts institute of technology oasis sun microsystems university of cambridge university of edinburgh w3c archives cataloguing doi html identifier metadata namespace passwords rdf research schema search technology semantic web sgml uri urn xhtml xml xml schema Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1306 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Dublin Core Application Profile for Scholarly Works http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/allinson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author2">Pete Johnston</a> and <a href="/issue50/allinson-et-al#author3">Andy Powell</a> describe a Dublin Core application profile for describing scholarly works that makes use of FRBR and the DCMI Abstract Model.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In May 2006, the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) [<a href="#1">1</a>] approached UKOLN [<a href="#2">2</a>] and the Eduserv Foundation [<a href="#3">3</a>] to collaborate on the development of a metadata specification for describing eprints (alternatively referred to as scholarly works, research papers or scholarly research texts) [<a href="#4">4</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/allinson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue50 feature article andy powell julie allinson pete johnston ansi eduserv ifla intute jisc library of congress niso oai oasis ukoln university of bath w3c eprints uk gnu perx repositories research team aggregation application profile archives bibliographic data copyright data dcmi dissemination dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative eprints fedora commons foaf framework frbr hypertext identifier interoperability licence marc metadata namespace oai-pmh open access open archives initiative openurl rdf relax ng repositories research schema search technology semantic web simple dublin core software uri vocabularies wiki xml xml schema z39.88 Tue, 30 Jan 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1286 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="headlines"></a><a name="events1"></a>Technical Advisory Service for Images (TASI) Training Programme</p> <p>Either: Birmingham, Bristol or London, 8 February to 27 April 2007<br /><a href="http://www.tasi.ac.uk/training/">http://www.tasi.ac.uk/training/</a></p> <p>The TASI programme of practical hands-on training includes three brand new workshops:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue50 news and events richard waller british library cerlim cilip google intute jisc london school of economics manchester metropolitan university mla oai royal netherlands academy of arts and sciences simon fraser university stanford university tasi ukoln university college dublin university of bristol university of edinburgh university of london university of manchester university of wales university of york internet archive iwmw jisc information environment accessibility ajax apache application profile archives atom bibliographic data blog cataloguing collection development copyright data data set database digital curation digital repositories digitisation dissemination dublin core electronic theses firefox free software geospatial data gis higher education ict infrastructure intellectual property internet explorer interoperability licence lucene marc metadata multimedia namespace oai-pmh ontologies open access open data open source photoshop preservation privacy repositories research rss search technology software standards syndication tagging taxonomy url video web 2.0 web development web services youtube Tue, 30 Jan 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1299 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Introducing UnAPI http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/chudnov-et-al#author1">Dan Chudnov</a> and a team of colleagues describe unAPI, a tiny HTTP API for serving information objects in next-generation Web applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Common Web tools and techniques cannot easily manipulate library resources. While photo sharing, link logging, and Web logging sites make it easy to use and reuse content, barriers still exist that limit the reuse of library resources within new Web services. [<a href="#1">1</a>][<a href="#2">2</a>] To support the reuse of library information in Web 2.0-style services, we need to allow many types of applications to connect with our information resources more easily. One such connection is a universal method to copy any resource of interest.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article dan chudnov ed summers jeremy frumkin michael j. giarlo mike rylander peter binkley ross singer amazon andrew w mellon foundation ansi ciac d-lib magazine georgia institute of technology google library of congress microsoft mpeg national science foundation niso oai oregon state university university of alberta university of washington yale university apache api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing data database didl digital library dublin core fedora commons firefox flickr foaf framework google books html identifier interoperability javascript json library management systems metadata microformats mods namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative openurl php plain text rdf repositories rfc rss ruby schema search technology software sru srw standards syndication uri url web 2.0 web app web browser web services wiki wordpress xml xslt z39.50 z39.88 Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1248 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Are Your Terms? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/johnston <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/johnston#author1">Pete Johnston</a> introduces the JISC Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry (IEMSR) Project and examines some of the challenges it is facing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The JISC Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry (<a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/projects/iemsr/">IEMSR</a>) Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] is funded by JISC through its Shared Services Programme to develop a metadata schema registry as a pilot shared service for the JISC Information Environment (JISC IE). Partners in the project are UKOLN, University of Bath and the Institute for Learning and Research Technology (ILRT), University of Bristol.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/johnston" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article pete johnston becta cetis d-lib magazine ieee ilrt jisc oai ukoln university of bath university of bristol w3c dner iemsr iesr jisc information environment aggregation api application profile archives cataloguing collection description controlled vocabularies data data model data set database dcmi dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning framework higher education internet explorer interoperability java learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata metadata schema registry mysql namespace oai-pmh open archives initiative portal provenance rdf rdfs redland research resource description resource discovery rslp schema search technology service registry simple dublin core soap software sparql standards uk lom core vocabularies xml xml schema Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1143 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Dawning of DARE: A Shared Experience http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/vanderkuil <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/vanderkuil#author1">Annemiek van der Kuil</a> and <a href="/issue41/vanderkuil#author2">Martin Feijen</a> describe the first year of the DARE Project and its foundation of the OAI repositories of Dutch academic output.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The SURF Programme Digital Academic Repositories (DARE) is a joint initiative of Dutch universities to make their academic output digitally accessible. The KB (National Library of the Netherlands), the KNAW (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences) and the NWO (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research) also cooperate in this unique programme. DARE is being coordinated by the SURF Foundation [<a href="#1">1</a>]. The programme will run from January 2003 until December 2006.</p> <p>DARE has several goals:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/vanderkuil" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 feature article annemiek van der kuil martin feijen cnri d-lib magazine leiden university mpeg national library of the netherlands niso oai royal netherlands academy of arts and sciences tilburg university ukoln digital academic repositories archives cataloguing character encoding content management copyright data data set database didl digital library digital preservation digital repositories digitisation dissemination doi dspace dublin core ejournal framework identifier infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability metadata multimedia namespace national library oai-pmh open access open archives initiative open source openurl portal preservation repositories research schema simple dublin core software standards url utf-8 xml xml schema z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1082 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Do Application Profiles Reveal about the Learning Object Metadata Standard? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/godby <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/godby#author1">Jean Godby</a> assesses the customised subsets of metadata elements that have been defined by 35 projects using the LOM standard to describe e-learning resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="A_Metadata_Standard_for_Learning_Objects">A Metadata Standard for Learning Objects</h2> <p>As learning objects grow in number and importance, institutions are faced with the daunting task of managing them. Like familiar items in library collections, learning objects need to be organised by subject and registered in searchable repositories. But they also introduce special problems. As computer files, they are dependent on a particular hardware and software environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/godby" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 feature article jean godby becta cetis coalition for networked information cornell university d-lib magazine ieee ims ims global learning consortium library of congress mpeg national science foundation oai oclc university of bath failte aggregation application profile archives bibliographic data bibliographic record cataloguing controlled vocabularies copyright data dcmi digital library digital repositories dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning framework further education graphics identifier infrastructure intellectual property interoperability learning design learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata mets mods multimedia namespace open access open archives initiative perl repositories research resource discovery schema scorm search technology software standards uk lom core vocabularies xml Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1083 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="headlines"></a> <a name="events"></a><a name="news"></a></p> <h3 id="Hyper_Clumps_Mini_Clumps_and_National_Catalogues..."><a name="events0"></a>Hyper Clumps, Mini Clumps and National Catalogues...</h3> <p>The JISC-funded CC-interop Project completed its work during 2004 and now is holding an event to disseminate the key findings of the project. The project built on the work of the successful eLib Phase 3 "Clumps" projects and investigated three broad areas to inform about interoperability between physical and distributed union catalogues. Find out about:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 news and events richard waller ahds austrian national library becta british library edina jisc kings college london manchester metropolitan university mimas mla museum of london tasi the national archives university of edinburgh university of manchester university of oxford cc-interop elib gnu jisc information environment jorum l2l worldcat aggregation algorithm apache archives atom authentication cataloguing collection development copac copyright data database digital library digital preservation digitisation e-learning ebook framework free software further education gnu lesser general public license groovy html ict infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability knowledge base knowledge management learning objects licence linux mac os metadata multimedia mysql namespace national library openurl perl personalisation portal preservation rdf repositories research resource discovery rss rtf search technology software standards streaming tagging url video windows xml xsl z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1098 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ERPANET Seminar on Persistent Identifiers http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt#author1">Monica Duke</a> reports on a two-day training seminar on persistent identifiers held by ERPANET in Cork, Ireland over 17-18 June 2004.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Day_One">Day One</h3> <ul> <li><a href="#introduction">Introduction</a></li> <li><a href="#welcome">Welcome and Keynote</a></li> <li><a href="#overview">Overview of Persistent Identifier initiatives</a></li> <li><a href="#urn">URN</a></li> <li><a href="#openurl">OpenURL - The Rough Guide</a></li> <li><a href="#uri">Info URIs</a></li> <li><a href="#dcmi">The DCMI Persistent Identifier Working Group</a></li> <li><a href="#cendi">The CENDI Report</a></li> <li><a href="#ark">ARK</a></li> <li><a href="#purls">PURLs</a></li> <li><a href="#handle">Overview of the Handle System</a></li> <li><a href="#doi">DOI</a></li> <p>&lt;</p> </ul><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 event report monica duke ansi california digital library cnri codata dcc ietf iso jisc niso oai oclc the national archives ukoln university college cork university of bath w3c adl archives ark bibliographic data blog browser data dcmi digital curation digital library digital preservation digitisation dns doi dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-government e-learning file format framework further education handle system html identifier infrastructure interoperability learning objects lom metadata multimedia name mapping authority namespace national library oai-pmh onix ontologies open access openurl persistent identifier preservation prism privacy purl repositories research resource discovery schema scorm sfx software standards syndication uri url urn xml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1070 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Towards Library Groupware With Personalised Link Routing http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> takes a look at the FOAF Semantic Web application and suggests it is time to start evaluating this technology.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="What_Is_FOAF">What Is FOAF?</h2> <p>The term <a href="http://www.foaf-project.org/">FOAF</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] stands for Friend of a Friend. As might be deduced from this phrase one of the key applications of FOAF is to provide a mechanism for creating links to one's friends. From the links to one's immediate circle of friends automated software can be used to process links from your friends, which can provide a visualisation of 'friends of a friend'.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 tooled up brian kelly ukoln university of bath university of birmingham data database foaf html java namespace rdf semantic web software svg visualisation vocabularies web development xml xml namespaces Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1038 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Collection Description Schema Forum http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/cdfocus-schema-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/cdfocus-schema-rpt#author1">Gordon Dunsire</a> describes the one-day seminar on standard schemas for collection-level description held by UKOLN in February.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This seminar was aimed at information professionals involved in the policy, development and implementation of services based on collection-level description. Such services use a single record to describe a collection as a unit, rather than recording information about its constituent parts at the item level. There has been a great deal of activity in the United Kingdom in this area since the work carried out by Michael Heaney and UKOLN in 1999 on An Analytical model of collections and their catalogues [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/cdfocus-schema-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 event report gordon dunsire jisc niso oclc ukoln university of strathclyde cc-interop jisc information environment accessibility application profile cataloguing collection description database dcmi digital library dublin core dublin core metadata initiative interoperability metadata namespace research rslp schema standards vocabularies Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1040 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The European Library: Integrated Access to the National Libraries of Europe http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/woldering <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/woldering#author1">Britta Woldering</a> describes the findings of the recently completed EU Project The European Library, focusing on technical solutions and metadata development.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The European Library (<a href="http://www.europeanlibrary.org ">TEL</a>) Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] completed at the end of January 2004. The key aim of TEL was to investigate the feasibility of establishing a new Pan-European service which would ultimately give access to the combined resources of the national libraries of Europe [<a href="#2">2</a>]. The project was partly funded by the European Commission as an accompanying measure under the cultural heritage applications area of Key Action 3 of the Information Societies Technology (IST) research programme.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/woldering" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article britta woldering oai application profile archives authentication bibliographic data browser cataloguing collection description copyright data database dcmi dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-business html hypertext identifier infrastructure interoperability javascript metadata metadata model namespace national library oai-pmh open archives initiative open source openurl portal python research rslp search technology soap software sru srw url web browser web services xhtml xml xsl z39.50 Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1007 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata Wanted for the Evanescent Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/maccoll-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue36/maccoll-rpt#author1">John MacColl</a> reports on Schemas and Ontologies: Building a Semantic Infrastructure for the GRID and Digital Libraries: a one-day workshop at the e-Science Institute, May 2003.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This event was organised jointly by UKOLN and the <a href="http://www.nesc.ac.uk/">National e-Science Centre</a> (NESC) [<a href="#1">1</a>]. <b>Liz Lyon</b>, Director of <b>UKOLN</b>, gave the introduction, reminding us that this was the second UKOLN-NESC workshop. The first happened about a year ago, bringing together the digital library and Grid computing communities for the first time. The presentations were as follows:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/maccoll-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue36 event report john maccoll becta elsevier ieee jisc library of congress national e-science centre oclc ukoln university of edinburgh university of glamorgan university of manchester university of southampton jisc information environment application profile archives cataloguing copyright data data model database dcmi dewey decimal digital library digital preservation dublin core e-learning e-science framework ieee lom infrastructure interoperability lom marc metadata multimedia namespace ontologies open source owl preservation preservation metadata rdf research resource sharing schema search technology semantic web software standards taxonomy thesaurus uddi unicode uri url visualisation vocabularies web services xml Tue, 29 Jul 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 977 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Access Management: The Key to a Portal - The Experience of the Subject Portals Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/SPP <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue35/SPP#author1">Francisco Pinto</a> and <a href="/issue35/SPP#author2">Michael Fraser</a> report on the experience of the Subject Portals Project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Portals are widely suggested as important tools to facilitate the hard task of finding and accessing useful information for learning, teaching and research [<a href="#1">1</a>]. In this context, the Resource Discovery Network (RDN) [<a href="#2">2</a>] is enrolled in the Subject Portals Project (SPP) [<a href="#3">3</a>] with the aim of developing and deploying subject-based portals to provide the UK's HE and FE communities with integrated access to distributed resources within the JISC Information Environment (IE) [<a href="#4">4</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/SPP" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue35 feature article francisco pinto michael a. fraser cni ieee jisc london school of economics microsoft oxford university computing services ukoln university of oxford dner eevl jisc information environment sosig subject portals project access control apache api archives authentication authorisation service browser cookie data data set database digital library dublin core framework further education infrastructure internet explorer interoperability java ldap metadata namespace open source passwords personalisation portal research resource discovery shibboleth soap software standardisation uportal url web browser Tue, 29 Apr 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 943 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Personalisation of the Digital Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/ramsden-perrot <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/ramsden-perrot#author1">Michelle Perrott</a> and <a href="/issue34/ramsden-perrot#author2">Anne Ramsden</a> report on the Joint Open University - Universitat Oberta de Catalunya Seminar on Personalisation and Digital Libraries hosted at the Open University, October 2002.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The interest in personalisation began with online commerce and the need for one-to-one relationships with customers in the early 1990s. Higher education is rapidly moving towards online delivery and mass education, so students could benefit from more personalised services, hence the recent interest in institutional portals, such as uPortal (1), which can personalise and present information.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/ramsden-perrot" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 event report anne ramsden michelle perrott amazon cni coalition for networked information jisc knowledge media institute london school of economics open university ukoln agora jisc information environment authentication cataloguing content management data database digital library higher education information retrieval infrastructure interoperability learning objects metadata namespace ontologies personalisation portal privacy research semantic web soap software uportal url videoconferencing vocabularies web browser web portal web resources web services Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 935 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Let's Get Serious about HTML Standards http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> encourages authors to treat compliance with HTML standards seriously.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>If you talk to long-established Web authors or those responsible for managing large Web sites or developing Web applications intended for widespread use in a heterogeneous environment you are likely to find that the need for compliance with Web standards is well-understood.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brian kelly apple ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility adobe archives browser content management cookie dtd higher education html internet explorer interoperability linux mathml microsoft office namespace open source openoffice software standards url utf-8 web app web browser web development web resources web standards windows xhtml xml xslt Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 916 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk NetLab's Digital Library Gâteau http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/netlab-conference <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue32/netlab-conference#author1">Jessica Lindholm</a> reports from the conference "NetLab and friends: Tribute and outlook after 10 years of digital library development". The conference was held in Lund, Sweden 10-12 April 2002.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Every_future_must_have_a_past">Every future must have a past</h3> <p>How did you celebrate your tenth birthday? Perhaps by making a nice birthday cake with all your favourite ingredients to share with your friends? NetLab [<a href="#1">1</a>], the research and development department at Lund University Libraries [<a href="#2">2</a>], celebrated its tenth anniversary in April 2002 with a three-day conference in Lund, Sweden [<a href="#3">3</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/netlab-conference" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue32 feature article jessica lindholm amazon google heriot-watt university ifla ilrt jisc lund university oai oclc ukoln university of bath university of bristol eevl aggregation archives bath profile bibliographic data browser cataloguing collection description copyright data dcmi digital library digitisation dtd dublin core dublin core metadata initiative framework frbr identifier interoperability intranet ldap marc metadata namespace national library network protocol ontologies portal preservation rdf rdfs repositories research resource description rss schema search technology semantic web software standards thesaurus url vocabularies xml xml namespaces z39.50 Sun, 07 Jul 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 888 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Internet 2 Spring Member Meeting http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/internet2 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue32/internet2#author1">John Paschoud</a> reports on an Internet2 meeting, Arlington, Virginia, 6th – 8th May 2002, which discussed Networks, Applications and Middleware.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Internet2 is a consortium framework organisation (a bit like JISC in the UK) within which a large number of projects are cultivated and coordinated. Members are mainly US universities, US government agencies, and significant commercial partners such as IBM and Cisco Systems. Its' purpose is as its' title suggests: to foster the implementation of the "next generation" Internet. A meeting for all members is normally held each spring and autumn.</p> <p>Internet2 projects divide into 3 main strands:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/internet2" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue32 event report john paschoud edina elsevier ibm jisc london school of economics ukerna authentication browser communications protocol data digital library framework higher education html identifier infrastructure interoperability jpg ldap metadata namespace shibboleth software standardisation url video web browser zip Sun, 07 Jul 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 900 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The JISC Information Environment and Web Services http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/information-environments <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue31/information-environments#author1">Andy Powell</a> and <a href="/issue31/information-environments#author2">Liz Lyon</a> look at possible relationships between the Web Services idea and earlier ideas about seamless access to information.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="The_JISC_Information_Environment">The JISC Information Environment</h3> <p>The Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER) [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a JISC-funded, managed, heterogeneous collection of information resources and services (bibliographic, full-text, image, video, geo-spatial, datasets, etc.) of particular value to the further and higher education communities. The JISC Information Environment (JISC IE) [<a href="#2">2</a>] is the set of networked services that allows people to discover, access, use and publish resources within the DNER.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/information-environments" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 feature article andy powell liz lyon ibm jisc oai oracle ukoln university of bath university of oxford w3c dner jisc information environment subject portals project xgrain aggregation apache archives authentication bath profile bibliographic data browser collection description content provider css data data set database dublin core framework geospatial data gis higher education html internet explorer interoperability licence metadata namespace oai-pmh open archives initiative openurl operating system personalisation portal rdf repositories rss schema search technology service registry sfx soap software srw uddi uri url video web browser web resources web services wsdl xml xml namespaces z39.50 Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 869 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk EEVL-ution to a Portal http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/eevl <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Roddy Macleod on the hub's 'EEVL-ution' to a portal.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="UKOLN-body"> <p><a href="http://www.eevl.ac.uk/">EEVL</a> is the Hub for engineering, mathematics and computing. It is an award-winning free service, which provides quick and reliable access to the best engineering, mathematics, and computing information available on the Internet. It is created and run by a team of information specialists from a number of universities and institutions in the UK, lead by Heriot Watt University.</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/eevl" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 regular column roddy macleod heriot-watt university jisc library association nottingham trent university ukoln university of birmingham w3c eevl failte bibliographic data bibliographic database cataloguing data database doc further education interoperability java metadata namespace personalisation portal rdf research resource discovery rss search technology standards syndication url xml z39.50 Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 875 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG): Vector Graphics for the Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/graphics <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/graphics#author1">David Duce</a> discusses the World Wide Web Consortium's Scalable Vector Graphics markup language for 2 dimensional graphics.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>To view the Scalable Vector Graphics in this article you will need a viewer. The Adobe® SVG Viewer is a plug-in that will allow your Web browser to render SVG and is available free from the <a href="http://www.adobe.com/svg/viewer/install/">Adobe Web site</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/graphics" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 feature article david duce alt ibm iso microsoft oreilly oxford brookes university oxford university press university of oxford w3c adobe browser css data dublin core gif graphics html internet explorer jpeg marc metadata namespace png schema standardisation standards svg url vector graphics video vml web browser xlink xml xml namespaces xslt Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 791 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Hot News From WWW10 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> reports on the Tenth International World Wide Web Conference, held in Hong Kong on 1-5 May 2001.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Previous Web Focus articles have provided trip reports on the International World Wide Web conferences <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a> <a href="#ref-02">[2]</a> <a href="#ref-03">[3]</a> and <a href="#ref-04">[4]</a>. These reports have commented on the birth of new developments such as XML, RDF and WAP and the mobile Web. So what was hot from WWW10?</p> <p>Well the weather certainly was hot - and very humid. The 1,200+ delegates were very appreciative of the air-conditioning in the Hong Kong Conference Centre, located on Hong Kong island, next to the harbour (see Figure 1).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 tooled up brian kelly ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath w3c adobe apache archives content management css e-learning framework hypertext interoperability microsoft office mobile multimedia namespace open source open standard operating system png rdf research semantic web smil software streaming svg url video web app web services web standards wireless application profile xhtml xlink xml xml namespaces xpointer xsl Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 810 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The JOIN-UP Programme: Seminar on Linking Technologies http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/join-up <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/join-up#author1">Sandy Shaw</a> reports on a seminar bringing together experts in the field of linking technology for JISC's JOIN-UP Programme.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This seminar brought together experts in the field of linking technology with participants in the four projects which constitute the JOIN-UP programme, for exploration and discussion of recent technical developments in reference linking.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/join-up" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 event report sandy shaw british library cnri edina ifla institute of physics jisc kings college london niso oclc stm ukoln university of edinburgh university of oxford dner docusend jafer jisc information environment romeo xgrain zblsa zetoc accessibility aggregation archives authentication bath profile bibliographic data browser cataloguing cd-rom collection description content provider data database digital library digital object identifier doi dublin core ebook ejournal framework handle system identifier infrastructure interoperability marc metadata multimedia namespace opac open archives initiative open source openurl portal rdf repositories research resource discovery rss search technology sfx standardisation standards url windows z39.50 Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 814 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata (1): Encoding OpenURLs in DC Metadata http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue27/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue27/metadata#author1">Andy Powell</a> and <a href="/issue27/metadata#author2">Ann Apps</a> propose a mechanism for embedding machine parsable citations into Dublin Core (DC) metadata records.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article proposes a mechanism for embedding machine parsable citations into Dublin Core (DC) metadata records [1] based on the OpenURL [2]. It suggests providing <em>partial</em> OpenURLs using the DC Identifier, Source and Relation elements together with an associated 'OpenURL' encoding scheme. It summarises the relevance of this technique to support reference linking and considers mechanisms for providing richer bibliographic citations. A mapping between OpenURL attributes and Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DCMES) [3] elements is provided.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue27/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue27 regular column andy powell ann apps cornell university d-lib magazine iso mimas niso ukoln university of bath university of manchester bibliographic data browser cookie database dcmes dcmi digital object identifier doi dublin core dublin core metadata initiative html identifier metadata namespace openurl research resource discovery schema search technology sfx software standardisation standards url vocabularies web browser xhtml Fri, 23 Mar 2001 00:00:00 +0000 editor 780 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 25: Beyond the Web Site http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/editorial <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue25/editorial#author1">Philip Hunter</a> on the contents of Ariadne issue 25 and recent developments in the world of Digital Library initiatives.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Higher Education (HE) community interest in information technology remains very much the same as it was when the web first appeared: networked access to high quality (and quality assured) information resources. Current activities in the UK (the RDN, the DNER, HERO, etc) are logical developments of these core interests.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/editorial" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue25 editorial philip hunter jisc massachusetts institute of technology ukoln university of bath agora dner elib perseus sosig application profile archives content management copyright data database digital library dissemination dtd dublin core e-learning higher education html interoperability knowledge management metadata namespace repositories research resource discovery schema search technology sgml software standards tei unicode url web development xml z39.50 Sat, 23 Sep 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 722 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Knowledge Management in the Perseus Digital Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/rydberg-cox <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue25/rydberg-cox#author1">Jeffrey Rydberg-Cox</a> on the Perseus Project's new knowledge management and digital delivery tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Digital libraries can be an extremely effective method of extending the services of a traditional library by enabling activities such as access to materials outside the physical confines of the library <a name="anch1"></a><a href="#fn1">[1]</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/rydberg-cox" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue25 feature article jeffrey rydberg-cox d-lib magazine imperial college london library of congress tufts university university of oxford yale university perseus adobe browser cataloguing data data visualisation database digital library digitisation document format document management dtd gis html hypertext identifier information retrieval knowledge management metadata namespace resource discovery sgml software standards stylesheet tagging tei thesaurus url visualisation vocabularies xml xml namespaces xsl Sat, 23 Sep 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 724 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Application Profiles: Mixing and Matching Metadata Schemas http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/app-profiles <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue25/app-profiles#author1">Rachel Heery</a> and <a href="/issue25/app-profiles#author2">Manjula Patel</a> introduce a means of establishing a common approach to sharing information between implementers and standards makers.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Background">Background</h3> <p>This paper introduces application profiles as a type of metadata schema. We use application profiles as a way of making sense of the differing relationship that implementors and namespace managers have towards metadata schema, and the different ways they use and develop schema. The idea of application profiles grew out of UKOLN's work on the DESIRE project <a href="#1">(1)</a>, and since then has proved so helpful to us in our discussions of schemas and registries that we want to throw it out for wider discussion in the run-up to the DC8 Workshop in Ottawa in October.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/app-profiles" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue25 feature article manjula patel rachel heery d-lib magazine ieee ukoln university of bath w3c dner application profile bath profile cataloguing collection description controlled vocabularies data data model data set database dcmes dcmi digital library dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning framework identifier ieee lom infrastructure learning object metadata learning objects lom marc metadata namespace rdf rdfs research resource discovery rslp rss schema search technology software standards url vocabularies xml xml schema z39.50 Sat, 23 Sep 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 728 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Is a URI? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/what-is <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue18/what-is#author1">Ian Peacock</a> explains 'URI' in plain English.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/what-is" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue18 regular column ian peacock cnri ietf oclc ukoln university of bath w3c accessibility cataloguing copyright database digital object identifier doi framework ftp gif handle system html identifier information architecture interoperability metadata namespace persistent identifier purl resource description standardisation standards uri url urn Sat, 19 Dec 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 574 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk RDF Seminar http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue15/events/stakis.html <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue15/events/stakis.html#author1">Matthew Dovey</a> reports on the RDF seminar held in the Stakis Hotel, Bath.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>On the 8th May, following almost immediately after their MODELS 7 Workshop, UKOLN hosted a half-day seminar entitled “RDF: What is it all about?”. RDF, or Resource Description Framework, is one of the latest TLAs (Three Letter Acronyms) to emerge from the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), and is of particular pertinence to the library and collection management communities as one of its intended applications is the interchange of catalogue or metadata.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue15/events/stakis.html" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue15 event report matthew dovey distributed systems technology centre ibm microsoft ukoln university of bristol university of oxford w3c bibliographic data cataloguing data dublin core ead framework html identifier interoperability java marc metadata namespace pics privacy rdf schema uri url xml z39.50 Mon, 18 May 1998 23:00:00 +0000 editor 502 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk What Is RDF? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue14/what-is <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue14/what-is#author1">Rachel Heery</a> explains RDF (Resource Description Framework)</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue14/what-is" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue14 regular column rachel heery jisc ukoln university of bath w3c data data model dublin core framework gif html identifier intellectual property interoperability intranet marc metadata namespace rdf resource description resource discovery schema sgml uri url web browser web resources xml Thu, 19 Mar 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 477 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk