Overview of content related to 'file format' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/1530/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en CURATEcamp iPres 2012 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt#author1">Mark Jordan</a>, <a href="/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt#author2">Courtney Mumma</a>, <a href="/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt#author3">Nick Ruest</a> and the participants of CURATEcamp iPres 2012 report on this unconference for digital curation practitioners and researchers, held on 2 October 2012 in Toronto.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>CURATEcamp is ‘A series of unconference-style events focused on connecting practitioners and technologists interested in digital curation.’ [<a href="#1">1</a>] The first CURATEcamp was held in the summer of 2010, and there have been just over 10 Camps since then.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/ipres-curatecamp-2012-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 event report courtney mumma mark jordan nick ruest british library library of congress ndsa premis simon fraser university york university apache archives blog cloud computing curation data digital curation digital preservation digital repositories dissemination ebook file format google docs hashtag identifier infrastructure linux metadata open source operating system preservation programming language python repositories software standards taxonomy twitter vocabularies Thu, 13 Dec 2012 12:21:18 +0000 lisrw 2409 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk JISC Research Information Management: CERIF Workshop http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/jisc-rim-cerif-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/jisc-rim-cerif-rpt#author1">Rosemary Russell</a> reports on a two-day workshop on research information management and CERIF held in Bristol over 27-28 June 2012.</p> </div> </div> </div> <script type="text/javascript">toc_collapse=0;</script><div class="toc" id="toc"> <div class="toc-title">Table of Contents<span class="toc-toggle-message">&nbsp;</span></div> <div class="toc-list"> <ol> <li class="toc-level-1"><a href="#Workshop_Scope_and_Aims">Workshop Scope and Aims</a></li> <li class="toc-level-1"><a href="#The_New_CERIF_Support_Project_at_the_ISC_UKOLN">The New CERIF Support Project at the ISC, UKOLN</a></li> <li class="toc-level-1"><a href="#UK_CERIF_Landscape">UK CERIF Landscape</a></li> <li class="toc-level-1"><a href="#UK_Involvement_in_euroCRIS_and_Other_International_Initiatives">UK Involvement in euroCRIS and Other International Initiatives</a></li> </ol> </div> </div><p>A workshop on Research Information Management (RIM) and CERIF was held in Bristol on 27-28 June 2012, organised by the Innovation Support Centre [<a href="#1">1</a>] at UKOLN, together with the JISC RIM and RCSI (Repositories and Curation Shared Infrastructure) Programmes. It was a follow-up to the CERIF Tutorial and UK Data Surgery [<a href="#2">2</a>] held in Bath in February.</p> <h2 id="Workshop_Scope_and_Aims">Workshop Scope and Aims</h2> <p>The aim was to bring together people working on the various elements of the UK RIM jigsaw to share experience of using CERIF and explore ways of working together more closely. While the first day focused specifically on RIM, the second day widened to explore synergies with the repositories community. Participants therefore included JISC RIM and MRD projects and programme managers, support and evaluation projects, Research Councils, funders and repository infrastructure projects. There were around 30 participants [<a href="#3">3</a>] in total, with some variation across the two days, given the different content. The event was chaired by Josh Brown, RIM Programme Manager and Neil Jacobs, Programme Director, Digital Infrastructure, both at JISC. All presentations as well as breakout session outputs are available via the UKOLN ISC Events site [<a href="#4">4</a>].</p> <h2 id="The_New_CERIF_Support_Project_at_the_ISC_UKOLN">The New CERIF Support Project at the ISC, UKOLN</h2> <p>The UK community was pleased to welcome Brigitte Jörg [<a href="#5">5</a>] to the meeting, in the first week of her new role at UKOLN’s Innovation Support Centre as National Coordinator for the CERIF Support Project. Brigitte is already well known to British practitioners working with CERIF – both in her role as as CERIF Task Group Leader [<a href="#6">6</a>] at euroCRIS and as advisor to several existing JISC projects. We look forward to working with her on further initiatives – her CERIF expertise will be a huge asset for Research Information Management support and coordination in British Higher Education.</p> <h2 id="UK_CERIF_Landscape">UK CERIF Landscape</h2> <p>There is certainly extensive RIM-related activity in the UK currently, which looks set to continue. The landscape was outlined in the scene setting sessions by myself, based on the CERIF adoption study [<a href="#7">7</a>] carried out earlier this year. The rate of CRIS (Current Research Information System) procurement has increased very rapidly in the last few years, particularly during 2011. For example the first Pure system in the UK was procured jointly by the Universities of Aberdeen and St Andrews in May 2009; now there are 19 UK universities using Pure. Since all CRIS on the market are CERIF-compatible (to a greater or lesser extent) this means that a large number of UK institutions are CERIF users (again, to varying degrees) – around 31% [<a href="#7">7</a>]. The two other CERIF CRIS being used in the UK are CONVERIS (Avedas, Germany) and Symplectic Elements (UK-based); only one UK CERIF CRIS is being developed in-house, at the University of Huddersfield. There is therefore a significant potential user base for the many CERIF-based services discussed over the course of the workshop. Particularly as more institutions reach the end of their CRIS implementation phase, they are going to be looking for opportunities to exploit the interchange benefits offered by CERIF.</p> <h2 id="UK_Involvement_in_euroCRIS_and_Other_International_Initiatives">UK Involvement in euroCRIS and Other International Initiatives</h2> <p>As a reflection of the intensity of UK CRIS activity, the UK has the largest number of institutional members of euroCRIS – 25. The next country in terms of membership is Germany, with just 13 members (and then the Netherlands, with seven). It is also notable that there were six UK papers (up from three in 2010) at the recent euroCRIS conference in Prague (all openly accessible from the euroCRIS website [<a href="#8">8</a>]), reflecting the growing UK presence at international level. This indicates the significant impact of JISC programmes - both RIM and MRD (Managing Research Data). At euroCRIS meetings other European countries have expressed some envy of the resources currently available in the UK to support RIM development!</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/jisc-rim-cerif-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 event report rosemary russell cornell university edina elsevier eurocris hefce imperial college london jisc orcid ukoln university of bath university of huddersfield university of oxford university of st andrews devcsi wikipedia blog cerif curation data data model data set dublin core file format framework higher education identifier infrastructure institutional repository metadata ontologies open access open source repositories research research information management schema software standards vocabularies xml Sun, 29 Jul 2012 19:46:13 +0000 lisrw 2367 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Peculiarities of Digitising Materials from the Collections of the National Academy of Sciences, Armenia http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/hopkinson-zargaryan <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/hopkinson-zargaryan#author1">Alan Hopkinson</a> and <a href="/issue68/hopkinson-zargaryan#author2">Tigran Zargaryan</a> give an overview of their experience of digitising paper-based materials in the Fundamental Scientific Library of the National Academy of Sciences, Armenia including some of the obstacles encountered during image processing and optical character recognition.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- start main content --><!-- start main content --><p>Early writing which first appeared as cuneiform protocols and then emerged in manuscript form and as printed materials is currently entering a new stage in its development – in the form of electronic publications.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/hopkinson-zargaryan" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 feature article alan hopkinson tigran zargaryan abbyy british library eifl ifla jisc digital media microsoft middlesex university national academy of sciences national library of armenia stm tasi endangered archives programme adobe algorithm archives content management data database dcmi digital media digital repositories digitisation document format drupal dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative dvd eprints file format graphics infrastructure jpeg metadata national library ocr open access open source open standard optical character recognition preservation repositories research resource description schema software standards tiff Fri, 09 Mar 2012 14:06:59 +0000 lisrw 2235 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Preparing Collections for Digitization http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> reviews a recently published book on the selection and preparation of archive and library collections for digitisation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Over the past 20 years a great deal of information and guidance has been published to support cultural heritage organisations interested in undertaking digitisation projects. It is well over a decade now since the seminal Joint National Preservation Office and Research Libraries Group Preservation Conference on <em>Guidelines for digital imaging</em> [<a href="#1">1</a>] and standard introductory texts on digitisation like Anne Kenney and Oya Rieger's <em>Moving theory into practice</em> [<a href="#2">2</a>] and Stuart Lee's <em>Digital imaging: a practical handbook</em> [<a href="#3">3</a>] are of a similar age - although still extremely useful. More up-to-date guidance is also available from services like JISC Digital Media [<a href="#4">4</a>] and the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative [<a href="#5">5</a>].</p> <p><!-- <img alt="Book cover: Preparing Collections for Digitization" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue67-day-rvw/711-1.jpg" style="float: right; width: 102px; height: 152px; " title="Book cover: Preparing Collections for Digitization" /> --><!-- <img alt="Book cover: Preparing Collections for Digitization" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue67-day-rvw/711-1.jpg" style="float: right; width: 102px; height: 152px; " title="Book cover: Preparing Collections for Digitization" /> --></p><p>Into this mix comes this new book on the preparation of collections for digitisation by Anna Bülow and Jess Ahmon, respectively Head of Preservation and Preservation Officer at The National Archives in Kew, London. The book claims to fill a gap in the existing literature, covering the practical aspects of safeguarding collections during image capture. It is perhaps worth noting upfront that the main focus of the book is on textual resources and documentary records, meaning that it would seem to be most useful for those working in the libraries and archives sectors.</p> <p>The first chapter provides some essential context, linking digitisation initiatives to the ongoing collection management practices of archives and libraries. It makes the general point that collection management has three main aspects: the <em>development</em>, <em>use</em> and <em>preservation</em> of collections.</p> <blockquote><p>Collection management involves making well informed decisions in order to prioritise actions and optimise the allocation of resources to maintain as much accessible value as possible. (p. 5)</p></blockquote> <p>Bülow and Ahmon argue that digital technologies have created new challenges for collection management, e.g. being partly responsible for a shift in attention from the development and <em>preservation</em> role to the development and <em>use</em> role. In practice, however, the link between the roles can be more nuanced. For example, in some cases digitisation may benefit conservation aims by helping to reduce the physical handling of fragile materials. In general, however, the authors feel that while the long-term sustainability challenges of digital content remain unresolved, "digitization of any book or document cannot be seen as a preservation measure for the original itself." (p. 8). The chapter concludes with a brief outline of the four phases of digitisation, each of which is made up of multiple steps. Of these, this book focuses primarily on the first two stages, covering all of the tasks that need to be done prior to imaging (e.g. selection, rights clearance, document preparation) as well as those associated with the digitisation process itself (imaging, quality assurance, transcription, metadata creation). The remaining two stages, chiefly facilitating use and sustainability, are not dealt with in any detail by this book.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 review michael day harvard university jisc jisc digital media library association the national archives ukoln university of bath algorithm archives digital media digital preservation digitisation file format interoperability metadata preservation provenance research resource description standards tiff Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1633 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 66: Sanity Check http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/editorial <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue66/editorial#author1">Richard Waller</a> introduces Ariadne issue 66.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>With institutions searching to increase the impact of the work they do, and conscious of the immediate impact of any event they organise, many will be interested to read of <a href="/issue66/guy/">10 Cheap and Easy Ways to Amplify Your Event</a> in which <strong>Marieke Guy</strong> provides a raft of suggestions to enhance the participants' experience of and involvement in, the event they are attending.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/editorial" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue66 editorial richard waller british library google jisc ukoln university of pretoria e-curator keepit zetoc aggregation archives blog browser copyright curation data database digital audio digital preservation digital repositories file format flickr framework geospatial data gis identifier institutional repository learning objects metadata mobile mobile phone netvibes open access open source personalisation podcast preservation privacy refworks repositories research resource description and access rss search technology software streaming tagging twitter usability video web 2.0 web portal Sun, 30 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1602 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Characterising and Preserving Digital Repositories: File Format Profiles http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant#author1">Steve Hitchcock</a> and <a href="/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant#author2">David Tarrant</a> show how file format profiles, the starting point for preservation plans and actions, can also be used to reveal the fingerprints of emerging types of institutional repositories.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue66 feature article david tarrant steve hitchcock amazon google harvard university jisc microsoft mpeg the national archives university of illinois university of northampton university of southampton university of the arts london wellcome library jisc information environment keepit wikipedia accessibility adobe archives bibliographic data blog cloud computing css csv curation data data management database digital curation digital preservation digital repositories dissemination document format droid eprints file format flash flash video framework gif graphics html hypertext identifier institutional repository java jpeg latex linked data metadata mpeg-1 open access open source photoshop php plain text preservation quicktime repositories research schema semantic web software standards vector graphics video web 2.0 wiki windows windows media xml xml schema Sun, 30 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1608 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk From Passive to Active Preservation of Electronic Records http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/briston-estlund <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue65/briston-estlund#author1">Heather Briston</a> and <a href="/issue65/briston-estlund#author2">Karen Estlund</a> provide a narrative of the process adopted by the University of Oregon in order to integrate electronic records management into its staff's workflow.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v2 of article incorporating edits from XHTML view 20101123 - rew --><!-- v2 of article incorporating edits from XHTML view 20101123 - rew --><p>Permanent records of the University of Oregon (UO) are archived by the Special Collections and University Archives located within the University Libraries. In the digital environment, a new model is being created to ingest, curate and preserve electronic records. This article discusses two case studies working with the Office of the President to preserve electronic records.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/briston-estlund" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue65 feature article heather briston karen estlund google microsoft oais the national archives university of oregon adobe archives blog cataloguing content management data management digital asset management digital preservation digital record object identification digital repositories droid dspace dvd ead eportfolio file format identifier infrastructure institutional repository microsoft office ocr optical character recognition preservation privacy repositories standards tagging video web 2.0 xml Fri, 29 Oct 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1584 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Repository Fringe 2010 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/repos-fringe-2010-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue65/repos-fringe-2010-rpt#author1">Martin Donnelly</a> (and friends) report on the Repository Fringe "unconference" held at the National e-Science Centre in Edinburgh, Scotland, over 2-3 September 2010.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>2010 was the third year of Repository Fringe, and slightly more formally organised than its antecedents, with an increased number of discursive presentations and less in the way of organised chaos! The proceedings began on Wednesday 1 September with a one-day, pre-event SHERPA/RoMEO API Workshop [<a href="#1">1</a>] run by the Repositories Support Project team.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/repos-fringe-2010-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue65 event report martin donnelly cetis dcc duraspace edina google jisc open university sherpa ukoln university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of hull university of southampton university of st andrews addressing history crispool datashare depositmo hydra jorum memento repomman reposit repositories support project romeo sharegeo sneep wikipedia aggregation api archives bibliographic data blog content management content negotiation csv curation data data management data set database digital curation digital library digital preservation digitisation dissemination doi dspace eprints fedora commons file format framework geospatial data gis google maps hashtag html hypertext identifier infrastructure institutional repository ipad kml learning objects mashup metadata national library oer ontologies open access open source preservation repositories research rss search technology social networks solr standards tagging twitter uri video visualisation wordpress yahoo pipes Fri, 29 Oct 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1592 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Retooling Libraries for the Data Challenge http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/salo <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/salo#author1">Dorothea Salo</a> examines how library systems and procedures need to change to accommodate research data.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Eager to prove their relevance among scholars leaving print behind, libraries have participated vocally in the last half-decade's conversation about digital research data. On the surface, libraries would seem to have much human and technological infrastructure ready-constructed to repurpose for data: digital library platforms and institutional repositories may appear fit for purpose. However, unless libraries understand the salient characteristics of research data, and how they do and do not fit with library processes and infrastructure, they run the risk of embarrassing missteps as they come to grips with the data challenge.</p> <p>Whether managing research data is 'the new special collections,'[<a href="#1">1</a>] a new form of regular academic-library collection development, or a brand-new library specialty, the possibilities have excited a great deal of talk, planning, and educational opportunity in a profession seeking to expand its boundaries.</p> <p>Faced with shrinking budgets and staffs, library administrators may well be tempted to repurpose existing technology infrastructure and staff to address the data curation challenge. Existing digital libraries and institutional repositories seem on the surface to be a natural fit for housing digital research data. Unfortunately, significant mismatches exist between research data and library digital warehouses, as well as the processes and procedures librarians typically use to fill those warehouses. Repurposing warehouses and staff for research data is therefore neither straightforward nor simple; in some cases, it may even prove impossible.</p> <h2 id="Characteristics_of_Research_Data">Characteristics of Research Data</h2> <p>What do we know about research data? What are its salient characteristics with respect to stewardship?</p> <h3 id="Size_and_Scope">Size and Scope</h3> <p>Perhaps the commonest mental image of research data is terabytes of information pouring out of the merest twitch of the Large Hadron Collider Project. So-called 'Big Data' both captures the imagination of and creates sheer terror in the practical librarian or technologist. 'Small data,' however, may prove to be the bigger problem: data emerging from individual researchers and labs, especially those with little or no access to grants, or a hyperlocal research focus. Though each small-data producer produces only a trickle of data compared to the like of the Large Hadron Collider Project, the tens of thousands of small-data producers in aggregate may well produce as much data (or more, measured in bytes) as their Big Data counterparts [<a href="#2">2</a>]. Securely and reliably storing and auditing this amount of data is a serious challenge. The burgeoning 'small data' store means that institutions without local Big Data projects are by no means exempt from large-scale storage considerations.</p> <p>Small data also represents a serious challenge in terms of human resources. Best practices instituted in a Big Data project reach all affected scientists quickly and completely; conversely, a small amount of expert intervention in such a project pays immense dividends. Because of the great numbers of individual scientists and labs producing small data, however, immensely more consultations and consultants are necessary to bring practices and the resulting data to an acceptable standard.</p> <h3 id="Variability">Variability</h3> <p>Digital research data comes in every imaginable shape and form. Even narrowing the universe of research data to 'image' yields everything from scans of historical glass negative photographs to digital microscope images of unicellular organisms taken hundreds at a time at varying depths of field so that the organism can be examined in three dimensions. The tools that researchers use naturally shape the resulting data. When the tool is proprietary, unfortunately, so may be the file format that it produced. When that tool does not include long-term data viability as a development goal, the data it produces are often neither interoperable nor preservable.</p> <p>A major consequence of the diversity of forms and formats of digital research data is a concomitant diversity in desired interactions. The biologist with a 3-D stack of microscope images interacts very differently with those images than does a manuscript scholar trying to extract the underlying half-erased text from a palimpsest. These varying affordances <em>must</em> be respected by dissemination platforms if research data are to enjoy continued use.</p> <p>One important set of interactions involves actual changes to data. Many sorts of research data are considerably less usable in their raw state than after they have had filters or algorithms or other processing performed on them. Others welcome correction, or are refined by comparison with other datasets. Two corollaries emerge: first, that planning and acting for data stewardship must take place throughout the research process, rather than being an add-on at the end; and second, that digital preservation systems designed to steward only final, unchanging materials can only fail faced with real-world datasets and data-use practices.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/salo" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 feature article dorothea salo california digital library dcc google oai university of wisconsin hydra algorithm api archives bibliographic data big data blog collection development cookie curation data data management data set database digital curation digital library digital preservation digitisation dissemination drupal dspace dublin core eprints fedora commons file format flickr google docs infrastructure institutional repository interoperability library management systems linked data marc metadata mods oai-pmh open source preservation rdf repositories research search technology software standardisation standards sword protocol wiki xml Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1566 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Data Services for the Sciences: A Needs Assessment http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/westra <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/westra#author1">Brian Westra</a> describes a data services needs assessment for science research staff at the University of Oregon.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Computational science and raw and derivative scientific data are increasingly important to the research enterprise of higher education institutions. Academic libraries are beginning to examine what the expansion of data-intensive e-science means to scholarly communication and information services, and some are reshaping their own programmes to support the digital curation needs of research staff. These changes in libraries may involve repurposing or leveraging existing services, and the development or acquisition of new skills, roles, and organisational structures [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p>Scientific research data management is a fluid and evolving endeavour, reflective of the high rate of change in the information technology landscape, increasing levels of multi-disciplinary research, complex data structures and linkages, advances in data visualisation and analysis, and new tools capable of generating or capturing massive amounts of data.</p> <p>These factors can create a complex and challenging environment for managing data, and one in which libraries can have a significant positive role supporting e-science. A needs assessment can help to characterise scientists' research methods and data management practices, highlighting gaps and barriers [<a href="#2">2</a>], and thereby improve the odds for libraries to plan appropriately and effectively implement services in the local setting [<a href="#3">3</a>].</p> <h2 id="Methods">Methods</h2> <p>An initiative to conduct a science data services needs assessment was developed and approved in early 2009 at the University of Oregon. The initiative coincided with the hiring of a science data services librarian, and served as an initial project for the position. A researcher-centric approach to the development of services was a primary factor in using an assessment to shape services [<a href="#4">4</a>]. The goals of the project were to:</p> <ul> <li>define the information services needs of science research staff;</li> <li>inform the Libraries and other stakeholders of gaps in the current service structures; and</li> <li>identify research groups or staff who would be willing to participate in, and whose datasets would be good subjects for, pilot data curation projects.</li> </ul> <p>The library took the lead role on the assessment, consulting with other stakeholders in its development and implementation. Campus Information Services provided input on questions regarding campus information technology infrastructure, and to avoid unnecessary overlap with other IT service activities focused on research staff. The Vice President for Research and other organisational units were advised of the project and were asked for referrals to potential project participants. These units provided valuable input in the selection of staff contacts. Librarian subject specialists also suggested staff who might be working with data and interested in participating. Librarians responsible for digital collections, records management, scholarly communications, and the institutional repository were involved in the development of the assessment questions and project plan.</p> <p>The questions used in the assessment were developed through an iterative process. A literature and Web review located several useful resources and examples. These included the University of Minnesota Libraries' study of scientists' research behaviours [<a href="#3">3</a>], and a study by Henty, et al. on the data management practices of Australian researchers [<a href="#5">5</a>]. The Data Audit Framework (DAF - now called the Data Asset Framework) methodology was considered to provide the most comprehensive set of questions with a field-tested methodology and guidelines [<a href="#6">6</a>][<a href="#7">7</a>][<a href="#8">8</a>][<a href="#9">9</a>][<a href="#10">10</a>][<a href="#11">11</a>]. The stages outlined in the DAF methodology were also instructive, although we elected not to execute a process for identifying and classifying assets (DAF Stage 2), since the organisational structure of our departments and institutes are not conducive to that level of investigation. From the beginning it was recognised that recruitment of scientists was based as much on their willingness to participate as their responsibility for any specific class or type of research-generated data.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/westra" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 feature article brian westra arl edina imperial college london jisc johns hopkins university microsoft uk data archive university of edinburgh university of essex university of glasgow university of illinois university of oregon university of oxford university of washington archives authentication csv curation data data management data set data visualisation database digital curation digital library drupal e-research e-science file format framework gis higher education infrastructure institutional repository metadata mysql open access provenance repositories research usability visualisation Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1568 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Pragmatic Approach to Preferred File Formats for Acquisition http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/thompson <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/thompson#author1">Dave Thompson</a> sets out the pragmatic approach to preferred file formats for long-term preservation used at the Wellcome Library.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article sets out the Wellcome Library's decision not explicitly to specify preferred file formats for long-term preservation. It discusses a pragmatic approach in which technical appraisal of the material is used to assess the Library's likelihood of preserving one format over another. The Library takes as its starting point work done by the Florida Digital Archive in setting a level of 'confidence' in its preferred formats. The Library's approach provides for nine principles to consider as part of appraisal. These principles balance economically sustainable preservation and intellectual 'value' with the practicalities of working with specific, and especially proprietary, file formats. Scenarios are used to show the application of principles (see <a href="#annex">Annex</a> below).</p> <p>This article will take a technical perspective when assessing material for acquisition by the Library. In reality technical factors are only part of the assessment of material for inclusion in the Library's collections. Other factors such as intellectual content, significance of the material, significance of the donor/creator and any relationship to material already in the Library also play a part. On this basis, the article considers 'original' formats accepted for long-term preservation, and does not consider formats appropriate for dissemination.</p> <p>This reflects the Library's overall approach to working with born digital archival material. Born digital material is treated similarly to other, analogue archival materials. The Library expects archivists to apply their professional skills regardless of the format of any material, to make choices and decisions about material based on a range of factors and not to see the technical issues surrounding born digital archival material as in any way limiting.</p> <h2 id="Why_Worry_about_Formats">Why Worry about Formats?</h2> <p>Institutions looking to preserve born digital material permanently, the Wellcome Library included, may have little control over the formats in which material is transferred or deposited. The ideal intervention point from a preservation perspective is at the point digital material is first created. However this may be unrealistic. Many working within organisations have no choice in the applications they use, cost of applications may be an issue, or there may simply be a limited number of applications available on which to perform specialist tasks. Material donated after an individual retires or dies can prove especially problematic. It may be obsolete, in obscure formats, on obsolete media and without any metadata describing its context, creation or rendering environment.</p> <p>Computer applications 'save' their data in formats, each application typically having its own file format. The Web site filext [<a href="#1">1</a>] lists some 25,000 file extensions in its database.</p> <p>The long-term preservation of any format depends on the type of format, issues of obsolescence, and availability of hardware and/or software, resources, experience and expertise. Any archive looking to preserve born digital archival material needs to have the means and confidence to move material across the 'gap' that exists between material 'in the wild' and holding it securely in an archive.</p> <p>This presents a number of problems: first, in the proliferation of file formats; second, in the use of proprietary file formats, and third, in formats becoming obsolete, either by being incompatible with later versions of the applications that created them, or by those applications no longer existing. This assumes that proprietary formats are more problematic to preserve as their structure and composition are not known, which hinders preservation intervention by imposing the necessity for specialist expertise. Moreover, as new software is created, so new file formats proliferate, and consequently exacerbate the problem.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/thompson" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 feature article dave thompson microsoft mpeg wellcome library aggregation archives born digital cd-rom collection development data database digital archive digital preservation dissemination drm file format framework internet explorer jpeg jpeg 2000 metadata microsoft office open source openoffice preservation provenance real audio repositories software standards tiff usb video xml Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1547 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Volcanic Eruptions Fail to Thwart Digital Preservation - the Planets Way http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/planets-2010-rome-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/planets-2010-rome-rpt#author1">Matthew Barr</a>, <a href="/issue63/planets-2010-rome-rpt#author2">Amir Bernstein</a>, <a href="/issue63/planets-2010-rome-rpt#author3">Clive Billenness</a> and <a href="/issue63/planets-2010-rome-rpt#author4">Manfred Thaller</a> report on the final Planets training event Digital Preservation - The Planets Way held in Rome over 19 - 21 April 2010.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div align="center"> <p style="text-align: left;">In far more dramatic circumstances than expected, the Planets Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] held its 3-day training event<em> Digital Preservation – The Planets Way</em> in Rome over 19 - 21 April 2010. This article reports its proceedings.</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/planets-2010-rome-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 event report amir bernstein clive billenness manfred thaller matthew barr austrian national library british library national library of the netherlands oais open planets foundation opf swiss federal archives university of cologne university of glasgow archives bibliographic data browser cataloguing cloud computing data database digital preservation digital repositories digitisation file format framework graphics identifier interoperability java metadata national library operating system preservation repositories research software usb visualisation web browser web services xml youtube zip Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1549 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk eBooks: Tipping or Vanishing Point? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> investigates ebooks and takes a look at recent technological and business developments in this area.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Due in large part to the appearance since mid-2006 of increasingly affordable devices making use of e-Ink technology (a monochrome display supporting a high-resolution image despite low battery use, since the screen consumes power only during page refreshes, which in the case of ebooks generally represent page turns), the ebook has gone from a somewhat limited market into a real, although presently still niche, contender. Amazon sold 500,000 Kindles in 2008 [<a href="#1">1</a>]; Sony sold 300,000 of its Reader Digital Book model between October 2006 and October 2009. In September 2009, ebooks represented between 1% and 3% of the total US publishing market [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p>Following the JISC National eBooks Observatory Study [<a href="#3">3</a>] in the UK, one participant, David Nicolas, was quoted as stating that ebooks have 'reached the tipping point' [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Keeping in mind Bohr's statement that, 'prediction is very difficult, especially about the future', it's nonetheless safe to say that publicity about these devices is currently at a high point. But for ebook readers, as Figure 1 shows, this is not their first time in the spotlight.</p> <blockquote><p>"A good book has no ending. ~R.D. Cumming"</p></blockquote> <p>This article marks the third time that <em>Ariadne</em> has discussed the subject of ebooks, namely "Ebooks in UK Libraries: Where are we now?" [<a href="#5">5</a>] and "e-Books for the Future: Here But Hiding?" [<a href="#6">6</a>]. There is something very beguiling about the idea of a book that has 'the marvelous chameleon-like quality that it can very quickly be made to substitute for a different printed work by simply loading different content' [<a href="#7">7</a>] - a book that can play the role of a <em>library</em>.</p> <p>As Striphas [<a href="#8">8</a>] points out, the concept of the electronic book, and the exploration of the interaction between the size of a container and the quantity of knowledge held, has an extraordinarily long history. He traces the idea back to the creation of miniature manuscript books, composed of 'tiny handwriting, or micrographia', in the late 15th century, which were functional objects and could be read by means of a magnifying glass.</p> <p>Striphas notes the development of microphotography techniques in the 19th century. This was initially pioneered by John Benjamin Dancer, an optical instrument-maker who combined microscope and camera in order to create the earliest example of microphotography on record [<a href="#9">9</a>]. Luther reports that 'the 21 May 1853 issue of Notes and Queries carried a letter from a Dublin scholar asking "May not photography be usefully applied to the making of catalogues of large libraries?' Microphotography led to the report in the British <em>Photographic Journal</em> of, 'A page of printing, from Quekett's "Treatise on the Microscope", reduced to such size that the whole of the volume of 560 pages could be contained in a space one inch long and half-an-inch broad ' [<a href="#8">8</a>].</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article emma tonkin amazon american library association apple british library google international digital publishing forum iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology microsoft ukoln university of bath university of chicago wikipedia aac access control accessibility adobe android blog bmp cataloguing copyright data digital library doc document format drm ebook epub file format flac flash gif html hypertext infrastructure ipad iphone itunes jpeg jpg linux mis mobi mobile mobile phone mp3 ogg open access operating system plain text png research rtf search technology smartphone software standardisation standards tiff usb windows wireless Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1529 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Learning to YODL: Building York's Digital Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue61/stracchino-feng <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue61/stracchino-feng#author1">Peri Stracchino</a> and <a href="/issue61/stracchino-feng#author2">Yankui Feng</a> describe a year's progress in building the digital library infrastructure outlined by Julie Allinson and Elizabeth Harbord in their article last issue.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue61/stracchino-feng" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue61 feature article peri stracchino yankui feng iso jisc oracle sherpa university of york york university yodl yodl-ing access control accessibility agile development algorithm api archives authentication avi bmp copyright data database digital library digital repositories dvd fedora commons file format gif infrastructure java jpeg jpg ldap metadata mods mp3 multimedia open source png repositories research search technology software solaris tiff tomcat url usability vra vra core wav web services xacml xml Fri, 30 Oct 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1513 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk E-Curator: A 3D Web-based Archive for Conservators and Curators http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/hess-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author1">Mona Hess</a>, <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author2">Graeme Were</a>, <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author3">Ian Brown</a>, <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author4">Sally MacDonald</a>, <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author5">Stuart Robson</a> and <a href="/issue60/hess-et-al#author6">Francesca Simon Millar</a> describe a project which combines 3D colour laser scanning and e-Science technologies for capturing and sharing very large 3D scans and datasets about museum artefacts in a secure computing environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_The_Evolving_Field_of_Artefact_Documentation">Introduction: The Evolving Field of Artefact Documentation</h2> <p>Digital heritage technologies promise a greater understanding of cultural objects cared for by museums. Recent technological advances in digital photography and image processing not only offer a high level of documentation, they also provide powerful analytical tools for conservation monitoring of cultural objects.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/hess-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue60 feature article francesca simon millar graeme were ian brown mona hess sally macdonald stuart robson ahrc british museum jisc ukoln university college london university of cambridge ahessc e-curator archives big data cataloguing cloud computing curation data data management data set database digitisation dissemination e-science file format gpl graphics identifier infrastructure internet explorer licence metadata multimedia namespace open source preservation provenance rdbms research software standards visualisation Wed, 29 Jul 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1491 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Missing Links: The Enduring Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/missing-links-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue60/missing-links-rpt#author1">Alexandra Eveleigh</a> reports on a workshop on Web archiving, organised by the DPC, JISC and UKWAC at the British Library on 21 July 2009.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v2 - 2009-08-06 minor edits from v2.1.1 -REW --><!-- v2 - 2009-08-06 minor edits from v2.1.1 -REW --><p>This workshop, jointly sponsored by the DPC [<a href="#1">1</a>], JISC [<a href="#2">2</a>] and UKWAC [<a href="#3">3</a>], aimed to bring together content creators and tool developers with key stakeholders from the library and archives domains, in the quest for a technically feasible, socially and historically acceptable, legacy for the World Wide Web.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue60/missing-links-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue60 event report alexandra eveleigh british library digital preservation coalition google iso jisc leiden university oxford internet institute the national archives university of london university of oxford west yorkshire archive service internet archive accessibility archives blog data digital preservation file format framework mashup metadata mobile preservation repositories research software standards streaming twitter warc web browser web resources Wed, 29 Jul 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1494 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Assessing FRBR in Dublin Core Application Profiles http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/chaudhri <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue58/chaudhri#author1">Talat Chaudhri</a> makes a detailed assessment of the FRBR structure of the Dublin Core Application Profiles funded by JISC.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Efforts to create standard metadata records for resources in digital repositories have hitherto relied for the most part on the simple standard schema published by the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) [<a href="#1">1</a>], the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, more commonly known as 'simple Dublin Core' [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/chaudhri" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue58 feature article talat chaudhri jisc oai ukoln university of bath university of warwick geospatial application profile images application profile lmap tbmap application profile bibliographic data cataloguing copyright data data model dcap dcmi digital repositories doc domain model dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative eprints file format frbr geospatial data gis identifier interoperability metadata metadata model namespace oai-pmh open access rdf relax ng repositories research schema scholarly works application profile search technology simple dublin core software standards url video vocabularies xml Fri, 30 Jan 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1452 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Digital Preservation Planning: Principles, Examples and the Future With Planets http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/dpc-planets-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/dpc-planets-rpt#author1">Frances Boyle</a> and <a href="/issue57/dpc-planets-rpt#author2">Jane Humphreys</a> report on the one-day workshop on digital preservation planning jointly organised by the Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) and Planets held at the British Library, on Tuesday 29 July 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- 9 November 2009 v2 editing --><!-- 9 November 2009 v2 editing --><p>The aim of this one-day event was to provide an informal, interactive workshop that allowed delegates to share knowledge and experience in digital preservation planning, strategy and policy setting and of Planets [<a href="#1">1</a>] tools and technology.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/dpc-planets-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 event report frances boyle jane humphreys british library digital preservation coalition iso oais uk data archive university of cologne university of glasgow wellcome library archives data data management digital archive digital curation digital preservation e-learning file format framework identifier jpeg metadata preservation research resource discovery software usability Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1438 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk iPRES 2008 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/ipres-2008-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/ipres-2008-rpt#author1">Frances Boyle</a> and <a href="/issue57/ipres-2008-rpt#author2">Adam Farquhar</a> report on the two-day international conference which was the fifth in the series on digital preservation of digital objects held at the British Library, on 29 - 30 September 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/ipres-2008-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 event report adam farquhar frances boyle british library california digital library cornell university dcc digital preservation coalition indiana university jisc national library of australia national library of new zealand national library of the netherlands oais premis the national archives ukoln university of bath university of virginia crib digital preservation training programme jisc information environment jisc powr project life2 ndiipp powr accessibility aggregation archives blog cd-rom copyright curation data data management digital archive digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories digitisation ejournal file format framework frbr identifier infrastructure metadata mets mods national library open data preservation preservation metadata repositories research schema service oriented architecture software standards video warc web resources xml xml schema Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1441 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Versioning in Repositories: Implementing Best Practice http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/brace <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/brace#author1">Jenny Brace</a> explains why giving time to versioning within a repository is worthwhile and outlines the best practice to implement.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="The_VIF_Project">The VIF Project</h2> <p>The Version Identification Framework (VIF) [<a href="#1">1</a>] Project ran between July 2007 and May 2008 and was funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee, (JISC) under the Repositories and Preservation Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>] in order to help develop versioning best practice in repositories.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/brace" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 feature article jenny brace ifla jisc london school of economics niso science and technology facilities council university of leeds opendoar vif application profile archives bibliographic data cataloguing copyright data database doi dublin core file format framework frbr identifier institutional repository metadata multimedia preservation rae repositories research search technology software standards uri vocabularies Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1405 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The 2008 Mashed Museum Day and UK Museums on the Web Conference http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/ukmw08-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/ukmw08-rpt#author1">Mia Ridge</a> reports on the Mashed Museum day and the Museums Computer Group UK Museums on the Web Conference, held at the University of Leicester in June 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Following the success of the inaugural event last year [<a href="#1">1</a>], the Mashed Museum day was again held the day before the Museums Computer Group UK Museums on the Web Conference. The theme of the conference was 'connecting collections online', and the Mashed Museum day was a chance for museum ICT staff to put this into practice.</p> <h2 id="The_Mashed_Museum_Day">The Mashed Museum Day</h2> <p>Earlier this year I received an email that read:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/ukmw08-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 event report mia ridge bbc ibm library of congress massachusetts institute of technology museum of london oai university of leicester europeana freebase romeo wikipedia accessibility aggregation api archives blog cataloguing copyright csv data data set data visualisation database digital library digital media digitisation exif file format flickr foi framework geospatial data gis ict infrastructure metadata ontologies rdf rdfa repositories research resource description rss search technology semantic web standardisation syndication twitter video visualisation vocabularies web 2.0 web services xml Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1415 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Towards an Application Profile for Images http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/eadie <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/eadie#author1">Mick Eadie</a> describes the development of the Dublin Core Images Application Profile project recently funded through the JISC.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Following on from the project to develop an application profile for scholarly works (SWAP)[<a href="#1">1</a>], the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) has recently funded through its Repositories and Preservation Programme, a series of projects to establish Application Profiles in the areas of images, time-based media, geospatial data and learning objects [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/eadie" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article mick eadie intute jisc library of congress niso oais tasi vads images application profile repositories research team aggregation application profile archives bibliographic data cataloguing cdwa data database dcmi digital library digitisation dublin core dublin core metadata initiative eprints exif file format frbr geospatial data gis identifier institutional repository jpeg 2000 learning objects metadata modelling multimedia preservation repositories research schema search technology software standards tagging tiff uri vocabularies vra wiki xcri xml z39.87 Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1387 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk RepoMMan: Delivering Private Repository Space for Day-to-day Use http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/green-awre <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/green-awre#author1">Richard Green</a> and <a href="/issue54/green-awre#author2">Chris Awre</a> describe work undertaken at the University of Hull to place Web services at the heart of its personalised digital repository provision.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the spring of 2005, the University of Hull embarked on the RepoMMan Project [<a href="#1">1</a>], a two-year JISC-funded [<a href="#2">2</a>] endeavour to investigate a number of aspects of user interaction with an institutional repository. The vision at Hull was, and is, of a repository placed at the heart of a Web services architecture: a key component of a university's information management.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/green-awre" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 feature article chris awre richard green glasgow caledonian university harvard university jisc sakai university of hull remap project repomman authentication bpel browser data digital preservation fedora commons file format ftp higher education infrastructure institutional repository jstor ldap metadata open access open source portal preservation preservation metadata repositories research rich internet application soap software uportal vocabularies web services Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1369 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Search Engines: Why Ask Me, and Does 'X' Mark the Spot? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/search-engines <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/search-engines#author1">Phil Bradley</a> takes a look at different versions of Ask to see how it is developing and looks at how it is emerging from its servant roots.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/search-engines" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 feature article phil bradley amazon bbc google microsoft internet archive wikipedia archives blog bmp cache data digital library file format flickr identifier rss search technology thesaurus url video wayback machine wordnet zip Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1310 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Blogging and RSS - A Librarian's Guide http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/jones-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/jones-rvw#author1">Kara Jones</a> reviews a practical guide to blogs and RSS written for librarians, packed with library-specific examples.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>At the time of review, Amazon UK had over fifty different titles for sale on weblogs and RSS feeds. How do you choose which to read? When faced with a new technology or service, it's useful to have instruction designed specifically with you in mind as the reader and learner. In 'Blogging and RSS: A Librarian's Guide', Michael Sauers does exactly that and pitches directly to a specific audience. Those interested in this book will presumably be librarians and information professionals and will probably already have an idea of what a blog is, and some knowledge of RSS feeds.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/jones-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 review kara jones amazon university of bath perseus aggregation blog content syndication file format itunes podcast rss software syndication Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1323 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk 2nd International DCC Conference 2006: Digital Data Curation in Practice http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/2-dcc-conf-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Alexander Ball and <a href="/issue50/2-dcc-conf-rpt#author2">Manjula Patel</a> provide an overview of the second annual conference of the Digital Curation Centre.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The International Digital Curation Conference is held annually by the Digital Curation Centre [<a href="#1">1</a>] to bring together researchers in the field and promote discussion of policy and strategy. The second conference in this series [<a href="#2">2</a>], with the theme 'digital data curation in practice', was held between 21-22 November 2006 in Glasgow.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue50/2-dcc-conf-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue50 event report alex ball manjula patel ahds badc coalition for networked information codata dcc jisc johns hopkins university massachusetts institute of technology niso sherpa the national archives ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of chicago university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of illinois university of liverpool university of southampton university of stirling ebank uk preserv r4l algorithm application profile archives bibliographic data blog copyright creative commons curation data data management data mining data set database digital archive digital curation digital library digital preservation droid dspace e-science file format flickr framework frbr html infrastructure irods java metadata national library open access open data open source preservation repositories research software web services wiki Tue, 30 Jan 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1296 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk e-Books for the Future: Here but Hiding? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/whalley <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/whalley#author1">Brian Whalley</a> outlines some developments in e-book technologies and links them to existing ways of presenting textbook information.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/whalley" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 feature article brian whalley bbc cetis google hewlett-packard jisc massachusetts institute of technology queens university of belfast eboni jorum ples project gutenberg wikipedia wikisource aggregation archives bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing copyright creative commons data database digital asset management digital library digital repositories dspace e-learning ebook ejournal exif file format flash google books higher education hypertext internet explorer interoperability itunes learning objects licence mac os metadata mobile mp3 multimedia open source podcast portal rae repositories research rss scorm search technology software sql standards syndication thesaurus vle widget wiki wireless youtube Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1271 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Video Streaming of Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/tourte-tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/tourte-tonkin#author2">Greg Tourte</a> and <a href="/issue49/tourte-tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> describe the set-up and use of video streaming technology at the IWMW 2006 event.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The recent Institutional Web Management Workshop (<a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/workshops/webmaster-2006/">IWMW 2006</a>) [<a href="#1">1</a>] was a rare opportunity to try out a few new pieces of technology. With events that occur at a different location each year, it is often difficult to do so, since the infrastructure at the venue may not be suitable, and it is difficult to liase effectively with technical staff at the venue before the event in order to put all the necessary technology into place.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/tourte-tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 feature article emma tonkin greg tourte apache software foundation apple bbc ieee microsoft mpeg ukoln university of bath iwmw wikipedia algorithm asf avi cache codec data dvd file format flash flash video gpl graphics h.263 h.264 infrastructure interoperability licence linux mac os mp3 mpeg-1 mpeg-2 mpeg-4 multimedia ogg ogg theora preservation quicktime research software standards streaming theora usability video video codec video encoding web development windows windows media wireless wmv Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1274 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Foundation for Automatic Digital Preservation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/ferreira-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author1">Miguel Ferreira</a>, <a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author2">Ana Alice Baptista</a> and <a href="/issue48/ferreira-et-al#author3">Jose Carlos Ramalho</a> propose a Service-Oriented Architecture to help cultural heritage institutions to accomplish automatic digital preservation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Efforts to archive a large amount of digital material are being developed by many cultural heritage institutions. We have evidence of this in the numerous initiatives aiming to harvest the Web [<a href="#1">1-5</a>] together with the impressive burgeoning of institutional repositories [<a href="#6">6</a>]. However, getting the material inside the archive is just the beginning for any initiative concerned with the long-term preservation of digital materials.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/ferreira-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article ana alice baptista jose carlos ramalho miguel ferreira carnegie mellon university d-lib magazine dcc digital preservation coalition google harvard university ieee ifla library of congress oais oasis oclc premis the national archives university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of minho crib reposit algorithm archives ascii bibliographic data controlled vocabularies data data set database digital archive digital curation digital library digital media digital preservation digital record object identification digital repositories dissemination document format drm droid dspace dublin core eprints fedora commons file format framework google trends graphics identifier interoperability java jstor knowledge base licence metadata open source operating system preservation preservation metadata repositories research semantic web service oriented architecture service registry soa soap software standards taxonomy uddi video vocabularies wayback machine web services wsdl xml Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1254 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a id="headlines" name="headlines"></a><a name="events1"></a></p> <h3 id="UKeiG_Training:_Developing_and_managing_e-book_collections">UKeiG Training: Developing and managing e-book collections</h3> <p>The UK eInformation Group (UKeiG), in co-operation with Academic and National Library Training Co-operative (ANLTC), are pleased to present a course entitled 'Developing and managing e-book collections', to be held in Training Room 1, The Library, Dublin City University, Dublin 9 on Tuesday, 12 September 2006 from 9.30a.m. to 4.30p.m.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 news and events richard waller ahds andrew w mellon foundation australian national university bbc british library bufvc cni coalition for networked information cornell university digital preservation coalition dublin city university edina eduserv google heriot-watt university imperial college london jisc kings college london loughborough university microsoft mimas mla museum of london national library of australia oai oxford university press premis tasi the national archives university college dublin university of oxford perx aggregation ajax algorithm archives blog browser content management copyright curation data digital audio digital curation digital preservation digital repositories digitisation droid e-science ebook ejournal file format firefox identifier intellectual property internet explorer interoperability latex licence metadata multimedia national library oai-pmh open source photoshop preservation preservation metadata repositories research resource discovery schema search technology software uri video xml Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1262 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Excuse Me... Some Digital Preservation Fallacies? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/rusbridge <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/rusbridge#author1">Chris Rusbridge</a> argues with himself about some of the assumptions behind digital preservation thinking.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Excuse_me...">Excuse me...</h2> <p>I have been asked to write an article for the tenth anniversary of <em>Ariadne</em>, a venture that I have enjoyed, off and on, since its inception in 1996 as part of the eLib Programme, of which I was then Programme Director.</p> <p>Some years ago I wrote an article entitled "After eLib" [<a href="#1">1</a>] for <em>Ariadne</em>. The original suggestion was for a follow-up "even more after eLib"; however, I now work for JISC, and that probably makes it hard to be objective!</p> <p>In "After eLib", I wrote this paragraph about digital preservation:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/rusbridge" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 feature article chris rusbridge andrew w mellon foundation british library california digital library d-lib magazine dcc harvard university jisc microsoft national library of the netherlands oais the national archives university of edinburgh elib internet archive archives browser curation data digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories file format gopher graphics infrastructure interoperability metadata microsoft office national library open source preservation preservation metadata provenance repositories research software wayback machine web browser Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1211 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Accessibility Testing and Reporting With TAW3 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/lauke <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/lauke#author1">Patrick Lauke</a> gives a run-down of the free TAW3 tool to aid in accessibility testing of Web pages.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>When it comes to assessing a Web site's accessibility, any Web designer should know by now that simply running the mark-up though an automated testing tool is not enough. Automated tools are limited, purely testing for syntax, easily ascertained "yes or no" situations and a set of (sometimes quite arbitrary) heuristics, which are often based on an interpretation of accessibility guidelines on the part of the tool's developers.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/lauke" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 tooled up patrick lauke university of salford w3c accessibility browser css file format firefox html java schema software standards wcag web browser xml Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1212 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Putting the Library Into the Institution: Using JSR 168 and WSRP to Enable Search Within Portal Frameworks http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/awre <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/awre#author1">Chris Awre</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author2">Stewart Waller</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author3">Jon Allen</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author4">Matthew J Dovey</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author5">Jon Hunter</a> and <a href="/issue45/awre#author6">Ian Dolphin</a> describe the investigations and technical development undertaken within the JISC-funded Contextual Resource Evaluation Environment (CREE) Project to enable the presentation of existing search tools within portal frameworks using the JSR 168 and WSRP portlet standards.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Under the aegis of the UK Joint Information Systems Committee's (JISC) Portals Programme [<a href="#1">1</a>] development projects have taken place to investigate the use of portals as the presentation path for a variety of search tools. A major output from these projects has been the development of a portal interface, a Web site that users could come to in order to make use of the functionality that the portal provided, particularly searching. Each project, as a key part of its investigations, created its own such interface and Web site.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/awre" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 feature article chris awre ian dolphin jon allen jon hunter matthew dovey stewart waller ahds d-lib magazine edina google ibm jisc oasis oracle oxford university computing services university of edinburgh university of hull university of oxford university of york cree jafer libportal wikipedia aggregation apache api cataloguing content management data file format framework geospatial data gis html infrastructure interoperability intranet java managed learning environment open source perl portal repositories schema search technology software standards stylesheet uportal url vle web portal web services wsrp xml xml schema xslt z39.50 Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1185 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Supporting Digital Preservation and Asset Management in Institutions http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/carpenter <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/carpenter#author1">Leona Carpenter</a> describes a JISC development programme tackling the organisational and technical challenges facing Higher and Further Education in the UK.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the early days of the shift from paper-based to digital means of holding administrative records, research data, publications and other academic resources, those responsible for its safety tended to breathe a sigh of relief once they had got a category of material into digital form. Reduced to bits and bytes, all they would have to do is make regular backups, perhaps keeping a copy off-site in case of disaster, and all would be well. Increasingly, material of value to Further and Higher Education is produced and held only in digital form.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/carpenter" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article leona carpenter ahds british library cornell university dcc digital preservation coalition jisc kings college london oai oais sherpa the national archives uk data archive university college london university of essex university of glasgow university of london university of manchester university of nottingham university of oxford university of southampton daat daedalus data curation for e-science digital preservation training programme espida jisc information environment mets awareness training preserv sherpa digital preservation archives curation data digital archive digital asset management digital curation digital library digital media digital preservation digital repositories digitisation dissemination dspace e-learning e-science ejournal eprints fedora commons file format foi framework further education higher education identifier infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability knowledge management learning objects metadata mets open access open source operating system preservation preservation metadata repositories research schema software standards vocabularies web services Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1139 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk E-Archiving: An Overview of Some Repository Management Software Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Marion Prudlo discusses LOCKSS, EPrints, and DSpace in terms of who uses them, their cost, underlying technology, the required know-how, and functionalities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In recent years initiatives to create software packages for electronic repository management have mushroomed all over the world. Some institutions engage in these activities in order to preserve content that might otherwise be lost, others in order to provide greater access to material that might otherwise be too obscure to be widely used such as grey literature. The open access movement has also been an important factor in this development. Digital initiatives such as pre-print, post-print, and document servers are being created to come up with new ways of publishing.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/prudlo" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 feature article mariion prudio d-lib magazine google hewlett-packard massachusetts institute of technology oai queensland university of technology stanford university stm university of pittsburgh university of queensland university of southampton gnu accessibility apache archives bibliographic data cache copyright data data set database digital library digital repositories dspace dublin core ejournal eprints file format gif html identifier java jpg licence linux metadata mysql open access open archives initiative open source openurl operating system perl png preservation preservation metadata rdbms repositories research schema search technology software solaris tomcat url video xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1141 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ERPANET Seminar on Persistent Identifiers http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt#author1">Monica Duke</a> reports on a two-day training seminar on persistent identifiers held by ERPANET in Cork, Ireland over 17-18 June 2004.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Day_One">Day One</h3> <ul> <li><a href="#introduction">Introduction</a></li> <li><a href="#welcome">Welcome and Keynote</a></li> <li><a href="#overview">Overview of Persistent Identifier initiatives</a></li> <li><a href="#urn">URN</a></li> <li><a href="#openurl">OpenURL - The Rough Guide</a></li> <li><a href="#uri">Info URIs</a></li> <li><a href="#dcmi">The DCMI Persistent Identifier Working Group</a></li> <li><a href="#cendi">The CENDI Report</a></li> <li><a href="#ark">ARK</a></li> <li><a href="#purls">PURLs</a></li> <li><a href="#handle">Overview of the Handle System</a></li> <li><a href="#doi">DOI</a></li> <p>&lt;</p> </ul><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/erpanet-ids-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 event report monica duke ansi california digital library cnri codata dcc ietf iso jisc niso oai oclc the national archives ukoln university college cork university of bath w3c adl archives ark bibliographic data blog browser data dcmi digital curation digital library digital preservation digitisation dns doi dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-government e-learning file format framework further education handle system html identifier infrastructure interoperability learning objects lom metadata multimedia name mapping authority namespace national library oai-pmh onix ontologies open access openurl persistent identifier preservation prism privacy purl repositories research resource discovery schema scorm sfx software standards syndication uri url urn xml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1070 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A National Archive of Datasets http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/ndad <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/ndad#author1">Jeffrey Darlington</a> describes how structured datasets produced by UK Government departments and agencies are being archived and made available to users.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The National Archives has been building up a collection of UK Government datasets since 1997 under a contract with the University of London Computer Centre (<a href="http://www.ulcc.ac.uk/">ULCC</a>) [<a href="#1">1</a>]. The archived datasets are available to users free of charge through the World Wide Web and are known as the National Digital Archive of Datasets (<a href="http://ndad.ulcc.ac.uk/">NDAD</a>) [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/ndad" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 feature article jeffrey darlington iso ordnance survey swiss federal archives the national archives university of london archives ascii cataloguing data data management data set database digital archive digital preservation file format foi gis graphics metadata operating system preservation privacy research search technology software sql standards ulcc unicode video xml Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1025 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="1"></a></p> <h2 id="The_Joint_Technical_Symposium_JTS_-_24-26_June_Toronto">The Joint Technical Symposium (JTS) - 24-26 June, Toronto</h2> <p>The Joint Technical Symposium (JTS) is the international meeting for organisations and individuals involved in the preservation and restoration of original image and sound materials. This year, JTS is scheduled to be held in Toronto, Canada, June 24-26, 2004.</p> <p>Preliminary program information is now available on the JTS 2004 website. See: <a href="http://www.jts2004.org/english/program.htm">http://www.jts2004.org/english/program.htm</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 news and events shirley keane andrew w mellon foundation apache software foundation austrian national library california digital library coalition for networked information dcc hefce institute of historical research jisc library of congress loughborough university lund university massachusetts institute of technology niso oai oclc oxford university press sherpa tilburg university university college cork university of glasgow university of oxford romeo adobe apache archives bibliographic data collection development copyright data data management data set dcmi digital curation digital library digital preservation digitisation document format dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-business e-government eprints file format framework further education higher education identifier information architecture information retrieval infrastructure institutional repository intellectual property interoperability jstor licence metadata mets modelling mods ms word multimedia national library oai-pmh object oriented software ogg ontologies open access open archives initiative persistent identifier preservation privacy repositories research resource management rtf search technology semantic web software syndication url usability web services wireless Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1044 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DSpace Vs. ETD-db: Choosing Software to Manage Electronic Theses and Dissertations http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/jones <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/jones#author1">Richard Jones</a> examines the similarities and differences between DSpace and ETD-db to determine their applicability in a modern E-theses service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The <a href="http://www.thesesalive.ac.uk/">Theses Alive!</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] Project, based at Edinburgh University Library and funded under the JISC Fair Programme [<a href="#2">2</a>], is aiming to produce, among other things, a software solution for institutions in the UK to implement their own E-theses or Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) online submission system and repository. In order to achieve this it has been necessary to examine existing packages that may provide all or part of the solution we desire before considering what extra development we may need to do.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/jones" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article richard jones hewlett-packard iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology oai sun microsystems university of edinburgh university of glasgow university of southampton daedalus apache archives authentication copyright data database digital library digital preservation document management dspace dublin core electronic theses eprints file format ftp identifier infrastructure institutional repository interoperability java licence linux lucene metadata mysql oai-pmh open archives initiative open source passwords perl preservation programming language repositories research schema scripting language search technology software standards tomcat Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1008 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="1"></a></p> <h2 id="Slide_Libraries_and_The_Digital_Future">Slide Libraries and The Digital Future</h2> <p>Wednesday 24th March, Royal College of Art, Kensington Gore, London, SW7 2EU. For more information and for booking details contact <a href="mailto:laura.valentine@royalacademy.org.uk">laura.valentine@royalacademy.org.uk</a>. Booking closes on 3 March 2004.</p> <p>AUDIENCE: UK Slide Librarians in HE and those responsible for visual collections</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 news and events richard waller cilip edina ibm jisc national e-science centre niso royal college of art the national archives ukoln university of bath eprints uk aggregation archives bibliographic data blog content management data data management database digital library digital preservation e-learning e-science ebook eprints file format framework higher education ict infrastructure jstor knowledge management metadata mis mobile openurl operating system preservation repositories research search technology software standards usability web development web services wiki wireless Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1020 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk