Overview of content related to 'standards' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/15864/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=michael%20day&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Book Review: Preparing Collections for Digitization http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> reviews a recently published book on the selection and preparation of archive and library collections for digitisation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Over the past 20 years a great deal of information and guidance has been published to support cultural heritage organisations interested in undertaking digitisation projects. It is well over a decade now since the seminal Joint National Preservation Office and Research Libraries Group Preservation Conference on <em>Guidelines for digital imaging</em> [<a href="#1">1</a>] and standard introductory texts on digitisation like Anne Kenney and Oya Rieger's <em>Moving theory into practice</em> [<a href="#2">2</a>] and Stuart Lee's <em>Digital imaging: a practical handbook</em> [<a href="#3">3</a>] are of a similar age - although still extremely useful. More up-to-date guidance is also available from services like JISC Digital Media [<a href="#4">4</a>] and the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative [<a href="#5">5</a>].</p> <p><!-- <img alt="Book cover: Preparing Collections for Digitization" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue67-day-rvw/711-1.jpg" style="float: right; width: 102px; height: 152px; " title="Book cover: Preparing Collections for Digitization" /> --><!-- <img alt="Book cover: Preparing Collections for Digitization" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue67-day-rvw/711-1.jpg" style="float: right; width: 102px; height: 152px; " title="Book cover: Preparing Collections for Digitization" /> --></p><p>Into this mix comes this new book on the preparation of collections for digitisation by Anna Bülow and Jess Ahmon, respectively Head of Preservation and Preservation Officer at The National Archives in Kew, London. The book claims to fill a gap in the existing literature, covering the practical aspects of safeguarding collections during image capture. It is perhaps worth noting upfront that the main focus of the book is on textual resources and documentary records, meaning that it would seem to be most useful for those working in the libraries and archives sectors.</p> <p>The first chapter provides some essential context, linking digitisation initiatives to the ongoing collection management practices of archives and libraries. It makes the general point that collection management has three main aspects: the <em>development</em>, <em>use</em> and <em>preservation</em> of collections.</p> <blockquote><p>Collection management involves making well informed decisions in order to prioritise actions and optimise the allocation of resources to maintain as much accessible value as possible. (p. 5)</p></blockquote> <p>Bülow and Ahmon argue that digital technologies have created new challenges for collection management, e.g. being partly responsible for a shift in attention from the development and <em>preservation</em> role to the development and <em>use</em> role. In practice, however, the link between the roles can be more nuanced. For example, in some cases digitisation may benefit conservation aims by helping to reduce the physical handling of fragile materials. In general, however, the authors feel that while the long-term sustainability challenges of digital content remain unresolved, "digitization of any book or document cannot be seen as a preservation measure for the original itself." (p. 8). The chapter concludes with a brief outline of the four phases of digitisation, each of which is made up of multiple steps. Of these, this book focuses primarily on the first two stages, covering all of the tasks that need to be done prior to imaging (e.g. selection, rights clearance, document preparation) as well as those associated with the digitisation process itself (imaging, quality assurance, transcription, metadata creation). The remaining two stages, chiefly facilitating use and sustainability, are not dealt with in any detail by this book.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 review michael day harvard university jisc jisc digital media library association the national archives ukoln university of bath algorithm archives digital media digital preservation digitisation file format interoperability metadata preservation provenance research resource description standards tiff Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1633 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Information Science in Transition http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> reviews an edited volume published to commemorate the founding of the Institute of Information Scientists in 1958.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v3. 2010-05-19-13-35 REW updating with minor edits from author --><!-- v3. 2010-05-19-13-35 REW updating with minor edits from author --><p>Until it joined with the Library Association in 2002 to form the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP), the Institute of Information Scientists was a professional organisation for those primarily working in scientific and technical information work. The chapters in this volume were first published in 2008 as a special issue of the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> to commemorate the founding of the institute in 1958. In accordance with this, many of the chapters provide a retrospective - sometimes even anecdotal - overview of developments in information science in the UK since the 1950s. While the approach of the volume is thematic, a major focus is on key initiatives and individuals, the latter including such luminaries as Jason Farradane, Cyril Cleverden and Karen Spärk Jones.</p> <p>Following a guest editorial by Brian Vickery, there are sixteen chapters in the book. While each chapter stands alone, conceptually the volume moves - with some exceptions - from largely retrospective reviews of past progress in information science by scholars of the older generation to overviews of current trends and technologies by their younger colleagues. Vickery's editorial tries to place information science in its historical context, explaining how the advent of digital computers and the Internet has transformed the discipline dramatically while simultaneously making its future more uncertain. This is also a view articulated by several of the volume contributors.</p> <p>The opening chapter is an attempt by Jack Meadows to discern the main research themes in UK information science over the past 50 years. A survey of the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> and other journals showed that the predominant theme was information retrieval, but that there was also important research being undertaken into information seeking, communication and bibliometrics. The chapter also tries to delineate some of the factors affecting information science research in the UK, for example noting the negative consequences of the demise of the old British Library Research and Development Department in the 1990s [<a href="#1">1</a>]. He concludes, however, on a positive note, pointing out that 'activities that were relatively marginal decades ago - such as automated information retrieval - are now at the heart of major growth industries' (p. 17). He also notes that the widening interest in information science concepts has brought in researchers from other disciplines - which is probably one of the key lessons of the whole book. In the second chapter, David Bawden (City University) again uses the <em>Journal of Information Science</em> as a means of exploring the development of the information science discipline itself, focusing on the underlying philosophical bases of the subject proposed by scholars like Bertie Brookes and Jason Farradane.</p> <p>The third chapter is by Stella Dextre Clarke. This is a retrospective of fifty years of knowledge organisation work in the information science domain that takes a partly anecdotal approach, attempting to illustrate 'how it felt to work in those times' (p. 45). Perhaps the best aspect of this is that it enables Dextre Clarke to give the reader a feel for what information retrieval could be like in the card-based pre-computer age. The chapter opens with a brief overview of the state of subject classification in the late 1950s, noting the continued practical predominance of enumerative schemes like the Dewey Decimal Classification while the theoreticians S. R. Ranganathan and Henry E. Bliss were still working away developing their (then) revolutionary ideas of 'faceted classification.' The focus then changes to the development of thesauri, noting the importance of Jean Aitchison's pioneering work on thesaurus construction. Dextre Clarke then provides a very brief overview of the role of controlled vocabularies in the early information retrieval tests conducted as part of the Aslib-Cranfield Research Project, a topic covered in more detail in the following chapter. Finally, moving to the present day, Dextre Clarke notes the continued importance of controlled vocabularies in the form of taxonomies and provides some pointers for a future Semantic Web.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 review michael day british library cilip edinburgh napier university indiana university library association london school of economics loughborough university microsoft stm ukoln university of bath university of brighton university of cambridge university of edinburgh university of manchester university of sheffield university of wolverhampton citeulike bibliographic data bibliometrics blog controlled vocabularies copyright data data mining data set database dewey decimal digital library ejournal facebook flickr ict information retrieval institutional repository metadata national library open access privacy repositories research rss second life semantic web social software standards thesaurus twitter vocabularies web 2.0 wiki youtube Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1555 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 2004 (Volume 38) http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> reviews a recent volume of this key annual publication on information science and technology.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The <em>Annual Review of Information Science and Technology</em> (ARIST) is an important annual publication containing review articles on many topics of relevance to library and information science, published on behalf of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIST). Since volume 36, the editor of ARIST has been Professor Blaise Cronin of Indiana University, Bloomington.</p> <p>The twelve chapters in volume 38 are divided into three sections, dealing with theory, technology, and policy.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 review michael day dublin city university google indiana university loughborough university massachusetts institute of technology microsoft mpeg oais sheffield hallam university ukoln university of arizona university of california berkeley university of cambridge university of hertfordshire university of sheffield university of sussex university of wales algorithm archives cache copyright data data mining data set database digital library digital preservation e-government higher education ict identifier information retrieval machine learning metadata natural language processing preservation repositories research search technology software standards usability video xml Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1203 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ERPANET / CODATA Workshop, Lisbon http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/erpanet-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/erpanet-rpt#author1">Michael Day</a> gives us a detailed report on the ERPANET / CODATA Workshop held at the Biblioteca Nacional, Lisbon, 15-17 December 2003.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>On 15-17 December 2003, the <a href="http://www.erpanet.org/">ERPANET</a> Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] and the ICSU (International Council for Science) Committee on Data for Science and Technology (<a href="http://www.codata.org/">CODATA</a>) [<a href="#2">2</a>] held a joint workshop on the selection, appraisal and retention of digital scientific data at the National Library of Portugal (Biblioteca Nacional) in Lisbon. The workshop brought together around 80 participants, a mix of scientists, archivists and data specialists.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/erpanet-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 event report michael day ahds codata edina icsu iso johns hopkins university microsoft national academy of sciences oais the national archives uk data archive ukoln university of bath university of east anglia ddi ebank uk algorithm archives bibliographic data cataloguing data data set database dissemination framework ftp information society infrastructure interoperability licence metadata national library open access preservation repositories research search technology software standards vocabularies xml Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1043 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata for Digital Preservation: An Update http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue22/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue22/metadata#author1">Michael Day</a> discusses 'Metadata for Digital Preservation'.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In May 1997, the present author produced a short article for this column entitled "Extending metadata for digital preservation" [<a href="#1">1</a>]. The article introduced the idea of using metadata-based methods as a means of helping to manage the process of preserving digital information objects. At the time the article was first published, the term 'metadata' was just beginning to be used by the library and information community (and others) to describe 'data about data' that could be used for resource discovery.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue22/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue22 regular column michael day d-lib magazine iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology monash university national library of australia national library of the netherlands oais the national archives ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of oxford university of pittsburgh elib archives authentication cataloguing collection development copyright data data management data model digital archive digital object identifier digital preservation doi dublin core dublin core metadata initiative framework higher education hypertext identifier intellectual property interoperability metadata national library operating system pdi preservation preservation metadata provenance repositories research resource discovery schema software standardisation standards taxonomy url usability Tue, 21 Dec 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 667 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Scholarly Journal in Transition and the PubMed Central Proposal http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/pubmed <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue21/pubmed#author1">Michael Day</a> discusses the scholarly journal in transition and the PubMed Central proposal.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><i>In my opinion, there is no real question that completely paperless systems will emerge in science and in other fields. The only real question is "when will it happen?" We can reasonably expect, I feel, that a rather fully developed electronic information system ... will exist by the year 2000, although it could conceivably come earlier.</i>&nbsp;F. Wilfrid Lancaster (1978) [<a href="#1">1</a>]</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/pubmed" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue21 feature article michael day association of research libraries jisc library association stm ukoln university of bath university of southampton elib accessibility archives cataloguing content licence copyright data database digital library digitisation dissemination document format metadata multimedia preservation repositories research resource discovery search technology standards url Wed, 22 Sep 1999 23:00:00 +0000 editor 633 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata: Workshop in Luxembourg http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue20/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue20/metadata#author1">Michael Day</a> and <a href="/issue20/metadata#author2">Andy Stone</a> report on the Third Metadata Workshop in Luxembourg.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Metadata Workshop held in Luxembourg on the 12 April was the third in an ongoing series of such meetings. The first Metadata Workshop was held in December 1997 and included a tutorial on metadata provided by UKOLN, some project presentations and break-out sessions on various metadata issues [<a href="#1">1</a>, <a href="#2">2</a>]. The second workshop, held in June 1998, concentrated more on technical and strategic issues [<a href="#3">3</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue20/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue20 regular column andy stone michael day d-lib magazine elsevier ietf iso jisc library of congress niso oais the national archives ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of oxford w3c elib archives bibliographic control bibliographic data cataloguing copyright data digital archive digital object identifier digital preservation digitisation doi dublin core dublin core metadata initiative framework higher education identifier infrastructure interoperability metadata metadata model multimedia national library pics preservation preservation metadata provenance purl rdf research resource description resource discovery schema standardisation standards url urn usability xml Mon, 21 Jun 1999 23:00:00 +0000 editor 615 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata: Image Retrieval http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/metadata#author1">Michael Day</a> reports on combining content-based and metadata-based approaches.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="UKOLN-page-body"> <h3 id="Introduction">Introduction</h3> <p>Image-based information is a key component of human progress in a number of distinct subject domains and digital image retrieval is a fast-growing research area with regard to both still and moving images. In order to address some relevant issues the Second UK Conference on Image Retrieval - the Challenge of Image Retrieval (CIR 99) was held in Newcastle upon Tyne on the 25 and 26 February 1999 [<a href="#1">1</a>]. Participants included both researchers and practitioners in the area of image retrieval.</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 regular column michael day alt british library carnegie mellon university ibm iso jisc library association mpeg open university robert gordon university south bank university ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of cambridge university of chicago university of east anglia university of illinois university of lancaster university of northumbria at newcastle archives data database digital library dublin core framework higher education html information retrieval intellectual property metadata multimedia preservation provenance research search technology software standards url usability video Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 593 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata: Cataloguing Theory and Internet Subject-based Information Gateways http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue18/metadata#author1">Ann Chapman</a>, <a href="/issue18/metadata#author2">Michael Day</a>, and <a href="/issue18/metadata#author3">Debra Hiom</a> compare library cataloguing concepts and ROADS Template creation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue18 regular column ann chapman debra hiom michael day british library ifla ilrt iso oclc ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of essex elib sosig aacr2 adobe archives bibliographic data cataloguing data database dublin core framework html identifier isbd java lcsh marc medical subject headings metadata mobile research resource description resource discovery search technology software standards subject gateway subject heading thesaurus video Sat, 19 Dec 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 568 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadiversity http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/metadiversity <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue18/metadiversity#author1">Michael Day</a> on a Biodiversity conference in the States interested in Metadata.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Introduction_and_context">Introduction and context</h3> <div class="UKOLN-page-body"><i>First, we simply need to be moving faster to coordinate the information that already exists, on file cards and computers, scattered around the world's major and minor museums and other collections. ... Second these databases must be widely available and 'customer friendly'. We need to accelerate current efforts for international cooperation and coordination, so that common formats are increasingly agreed and used.</i><br />Robert M. May (1994) <a href="#1">[1]</a>. <p>&nbsp;</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue18/metadiversity" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue18 event report michael day ansi coalition for networked information cornell university harvard university iso national science foundation oxford university press stanford university ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of oxford university of reading w3c jisc information environment accessibility adl bibliographic data cataloguing data data model data set database digital library dissemination dublin core framework geospatial data gis information society infrastructure interoperability ldap metadata rdf research resource description resource discovery search technology standardisation standards taxonomy z39.50 Sat, 19 Dec 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 576 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Electronic Access: Archives in the New Millennium http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue16/events <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue16/events#author1">Michael Day</a> reports from Kew on the Public Record Office view of the Brave New World of online archives.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Introduction">Introduction</h3> <p>A conference on <i>Electronic Access: Archives in the New Milennium</i> was held at the Public Record Office (PRO) <a href="#1">[1]</a>, Kew, on 3-4 June 1998. The Conference was held as part of the UK Presidency of the European Union. Present (over the two days) were about one hundred and twenty delegates representing a large number of organisations based in the European Union, countries in east-central Europe and the Russian Federation.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue16/events" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue16 event report michael day british library jisc kings college london swiss federal archives ukoln university of bath university of glasgow university of london university of pittsburgh archives cataloguing copyright data data set database digital archive digitisation dissemination dtd ead foi foia higher education html metadata preservation research resource discovery sgml software standards ulcc web browser Sat, 18 Jul 1998 23:00:00 +0000 editor 523 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata Corner: CrossROADS and Interoperability http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue14/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue14/metadata#author1">Michael Day</a>, <a href="/issue14/metadata#author2">Rachel Heery</a> and <a href="/issue14/metadata#author3">Andy Powell</a> report on work in progress on enhancements to the ROADS software.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue14/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue14 regular column andy powell michael day rachel heery d-lib magazine oracle ukoln university of bath elib api authentication bibliographic data cataloguing data database digital library framework interoperability isbd metadata opac plain text repositories research search technology software standards z39.50 Thu, 19 Mar 1998 00:00:00 +0000 editor 469 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Extending Metadata for Digital Preservation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue9/metadata#author1">Michael Day</a> suggests how the concept of metadata could be extended to provide information in the specific field of digital preservation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Metadata_for_resource_discovery_and_access">Metadata for resource discovery and access</h3> <p>When the library and information community discuss metadata, the most common analogy given is the library catalogue record. Priscilla Caplan, for example, has defined metadata as a neutral term for cataloguing without the "excess baggage" of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules or the MARC formats <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>. The most well-known metadata initiative, the Dubin Core Metadata Element Set, has the specific aim of supporting resource discovery in a network environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue9 tooled up michael day british library d-lib magazine ncsa oclc ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of pittsburgh elib niss sosig archives authentication bibliographic data cataloguing data digital library digital preservation dublin core ftp gopher identifier information retrieval interoperability marc metadata preservation preservation metadata provenance research resource discovery search technology software standards Sun, 18 May 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 324 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk