Overview of content related to 'national academy of sciences' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/15990/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en 23rd International CODATA Conference http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/codata-2012-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/codata-2012-rpt#author1">Alex Ball</a> reports on a conference on ‘Open Data and Information for a Changing Planet’ held by the International Council for Science’s Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) at Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan on 28–31 October 2012.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>CODATA was formed by the International Council for Science (ICSU) in 1966 to co-ordinate and harmonise the use of data in science and technology. One of its very earliest decisions was to hold a conference every two years at which new developments could be reported. The first conference was held in Germany in 1968, and over the following years it would be held in&nbsp; 15 different countries across 4 continents.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/codata-2012-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 event report alex ball codata datacite dcc elsevier icsu jisc library of congress national academy of sciences niso oais orcid royal meteorological society sheffield hallam university stm ukoln university college london university of bath university of edinburgh university of queensland university of washington dealing with data europeana ojims accessibility algorithm api archives bibliographic data big data blog cataloguing cloud computing creative commons crm curation data data citation data management data mining data model data set data visualisation database digital archive digital curation digitisation dissemination doi dvd e-learning facebook framework geospatial data gis google maps handle system identifier infrastructure intellectual property interoperability java knowledge base knowledge management licence linux lod metadata mobile moodle oer ontologies open access open data open source operating system optical character recognition portfolio preservation privacy provenance repositories research restful search technology sharepoint smartphone software standardisation standards tagging usb video visualisation vocabularies web resources web services widget wiki xml xmpp Sat, 15 Dec 2012 12:41:16 +0000 lisrw 2430 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Peculiarities of Digitising Materials from the Collections of the National Academy of Sciences, Armenia http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/hopkinson-zargaryan <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/hopkinson-zargaryan#author1">Alan Hopkinson</a> and <a href="/issue68/hopkinson-zargaryan#author2">Tigran Zargaryan</a> give an overview of their experience of digitising paper-based materials in the Fundamental Scientific Library of the National Academy of Sciences, Armenia including some of the obstacles encountered during image processing and optical character recognition.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- start main content --><!-- start main content --><p>Early writing which first appeared as cuneiform protocols and then emerged in manuscript form and as printed materials is currently entering a new stage in its development – in the form of electronic publications.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/hopkinson-zargaryan" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 feature article alan hopkinson tigran zargaryan abbyy british library eifl ifla jisc digital media microsoft middlesex university national academy of sciences national library of armenia stm tasi endangered archives programme adobe algorithm archives content management data database dcmi digital media digital repositories digitisation document format drupal dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative dvd eprints file format graphics infrastructure jpeg metadata national library ocr open access open source open standard optical character recognition preservation repositories research resource description schema software standards tiff Fri, 09 Mar 2012 14:06:59 +0000 lisrw 2235 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Editorial Introduction to Issue 68 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/editorial2 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/editorial2#author1">The editor</a> introduces readers to the content of <em>Ariadne</em> issue 68.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I am pleased to introduce you to the content of Issue 68, and to have the opportunity to remind you that you have a far larger number of channels into the publication’s content.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/editorial2" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 editorial richard waller british library jisc massachusetts institute of technology national academy of sciences royal holloway sakai clif depositmo hydra opendoar repositories support project rsp aggregation archives blog cataloguing content management copyright creative commons data data citation data set digital repositories digitisation dissemination doi eprints facebook fedora commons foi framework higher education ict identifier information retrieval instant messaging institutional repository library management systems lucene metadata ms word multimedia ocr oer opac open source openurl preservation repositories research resource description resource discovery rss search technology second life sfx sharepoint software solr standardisation sword protocol taxonomy twitter vufind web 2.0 wordpress xml Mon, 12 Mar 2012 15:17:06 +0000 lisrw 2322 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Image 'Quotation' Using the C.I.T.E. Architecture http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author1">Christopher Blackwell</a> and <a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author2">Amy Hackney Blackwell</a> describe with examples a digital library infrastructure that affords canonical citation for 'quoting' images, useful for creating commentaries, arguments, and teaching tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Quotation is the heart of scholarly argument and teaching, the activity of bringing insight to something complex by focused discussion of its parts. Philosophers who have reflected on the question of quotation have identified two necessary components: a name, pointer, or citation on the one hand and a reproduction or repetition on the other. Robert Sokolowski calls quotation a 'curious conjunction of being able to name and to contain' [<a href="#1">1</a>]; V.A. Howard is more succinct: quotation is 'replication-plus-reference' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. We are less interested in the metaphysical aspects of quotation than in the practical ones.</p> <p>The tools and techniques described here were supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. 0916148 &amp; No. 0916421. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).</p> <h2 id="Quotation">Quotation</h2> <p>Quotation, when accompanied by citation, allows us to bring the reader's attention to bear on a particular part of a larger whole efficiently and without losing the surrounding context. A work of Biblical exegesis, for example, can quote or merely cite 'Genesis 1:29' without having to reproduce the entire Hebrew Bible, or even the Book of Genesis; a reader can resolve that citation to a particular passage about the creation of plants, and can see that passage as a discrete node at the bottom of a narrowing hierarchy: Hebrew Bible, Genesis, Chapter 1, Verse 29. We take this for granted.</p> <p>Quoting a text is easy. But how can we quote an image? This remains difficult even in the 21st century where it is easy to reproduce digital images, pass them around through networks, and manipulate them on our desks.</p> <p>A scholar wishing to refer to a particular part of an image will generally do something like this: She will open one version of an image in some editing software, select and 'cut' a section from it, and 'paste' that section into a document containing the text of her commentary or argument. She might add to the text of her argument a reference to the source of the image. The language that describes this process is that of mechanical work&nbsp;– cutting and pasting&nbsp;– rather than the language of quotation and citation. The process yields a fragment of an image with only a tenuous connection to the ontological hierarchy of the object of study. The same scholar who would never give a citation to '<em>The Bible</em>, page 12' rather than to 'Genesis 1:29' will, of necessity, cite an image-fragment in a way similarly unlikely to help readers find the source and locate the fragment in its natural context.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 feature article amy hackney blackwell christopher blackwell clemson university furman university google harvard university national academy of sciences national science foundation university of virginia gnu homer multitext archives browser creative commons css data digital library doi dublin core firefox free software html identifier infrastructure java licence metadata namespace openoffice research safari schema software standards stylesheet tei thesaurus url urn vocabularies web browser xhtml xml xsl xslt zip Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1620 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Preserving Electronic Scholarly Journals: Portico http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/fenton <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/fenton#author1">Eileen Fenton</a> outlines issues relating to the long-term preservation of digital resources and the characteristics of an archival entity responding to this need.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The work of academics - in teaching and research - is not possible without reliable access to the accumulated scholarship of the past. As scholars have become more dependent upon the convenience and enhanced accessibility of electronic scholarly resources, concern about the long-term preservation and future accessibility of the electronic portion of the scholarly record has grown. One recent survey found that 83% of academic staff surveyed believe it is 'very important' to preserve electronic scholarly resources for future use [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/fenton" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article eileen fenton american library association andrew w mellon foundation arl association of research libraries coalition for networked information cornell university elsevier library of congress national academy of sciences new york university oclc oxford university press portico university of chicago university of oxford york university accessibility archives authentication data digital library digital preservation digital repositories dtd ejournal graphics higher education infrastructure jstor licence national library passwords preservation repositories research software Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1228 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: ARIST 39 - Annual Review of Information Science and Technology http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/day-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/day-rvw#author1">Michael Day</a> reviews another recent volume of this key annual publication on information science and technology.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The <em>Annual Review of Information Science and Technology</em> (<em>ARIST</em>) is an important annual publication containing review articles on many topics of relevance to library and information science, published on behalf of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIST). Since volume 36 (2002), the editor of <em>ARIST</em> has been Professor Blaise Cronin of Indiana University, Bloomington.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/day-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 review michael day edinburgh napier university google indiana university national academy of sciences oxford university press queens university belfast ukoln university of arizona university of bath university of cambridge university of illinois university of oxford university of wolverhampton perseus algorithm archives curation data data mining data set database digital library digital preservation dublin core e-science ejournal framework hypertext information retrieval information society infrastructure metadata preservation research search technology social networks taxonomy usability visualisation Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1219 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ERPANET / CODATA Workshop, Lisbon http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/erpanet-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/erpanet-rpt#author1">Michael Day</a> gives us a detailed report on the ERPANET / CODATA Workshop held at the Biblioteca Nacional, Lisbon, 15-17 December 2003.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>On 15-17 December 2003, the <a href="http://www.erpanet.org/">ERPANET</a> Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] and the ICSU (International Council for Science) Committee on Data for Science and Technology (<a href="http://www.codata.org/">CODATA</a>) [<a href="#2">2</a>] held a joint workshop on the selection, appraisal and retention of digital scientific data at the National Library of Portugal (Biblioteca Nacional) in Lisbon. The workshop brought together around 80 participants, a mix of scientists, archivists and data specialists.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/erpanet-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 event report michael day ahds codata edina icsu iso johns hopkins university microsoft national academy of sciences oais the national archives uk data archive ukoln university of bath university of east anglia ddi ebank uk algorithm archives bibliographic data cataloguing data data set database dissemination framework ftp information society infrastructure interoperability licence metadata national library open access preservation repositories research search technology software standards vocabularies xml Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1043 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata: E-print Services and Long-term Access to the Record of Scholarly and Scientific Research http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/metadata <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/metadata#author1">Michael Day</a> looks at the long-term preservation implications of one of the OAI protocol's potential applications - e-print services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the April 2001 issue of <em>D-Lib Magazine</em>, Peter Hirtle produced an editorial highlighting the potential for confusion between the standards being developed by the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) [<a href="#1">1</a>] and the draft Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) [<a href="#2">2</a>]. He noted the frustration that can ensue when words that have a clearly understood meaning in one domain begin to be used by others in a different way.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/metadata" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 regular column michael day association of research libraries d-lib magazine elsevier library association massachusetts institute of technology national academy of sciences oai oais ukoln university of cambridge university of oxford accessibility archives data database digital library digital preservation dissemination eprints ftp graphics identifier infrastructure intellectual property interoperability marc metadata national library open archives initiative preservation repositories research software tagging url Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 808 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk