Overview of content related to 'software' http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/17/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=emma%20tonkin&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Book Review: Making Software - What Really Works, and Why We Believe It http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/tonkin-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>While acknowledging the genuine usefulness of much of its content, <a href="/issue68/tonkin-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> provides helpful pointers towards a second edition.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Published by O'Reilly, as part of the Theory In Practice series, this book is essentially academic in focus. It takes the form of thirty chapters. The first eight of these aim to provide an introduction to the area of software engineering, or more specifically, the collection and use of supporting evidence to support software engineering practices. These initial chapters are satisfyingly broad in scope, covering topics from human factors and personality to complexity metrics and the process of authoring a systematic review.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/tonkin-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 review emma tonkin oreilly ukoln university of bath aggregation algorithm api data data mining framework open source repositories research software Fri, 09 Mar 2012 14:06:59 +0000 lisrw 1650 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: The Accidental Taxonomist http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/tonkin-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue65/tonkin-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> takes a look at a book on the work of the taxonomist and notes both merits and disappointments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Definitions">Definitions</h2> <p><strong>TAXON''OMY</strong>, n. [Gr. order, and law.] Classification; a term used by a French author to denote the classification of plants.<br />Webster's Revised Dictionary (1828 Edition) [<a href="#1">1</a>]</p> <p><strong>Tax*on"o*my </strong>(?), n. [Gr. an arrangement, order + a law.] That division of the natural sciences which treats of the classification of animals and plants; the laws or principles of classification.<br />Webster's Revised Dictionary (1913 Edition) [<a href="#1">1</a>]</p> <p>Taxonomy</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue65/tonkin-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue65 review emma tonkin ukoln university of bath university of oxford cataloguing content management controlled vocabularies ontologies research search technology semantic web software tagging taxonomy thesaurus visualisation vocabularies z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1599 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Towards a Toolkit for Implementing Application Profiles http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/chaudhri-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author1">Talat Chaudhri</a>, <a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author2">Julian Cheal</a>, <a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author3">Richard Jones</a>, <a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author4">Mahendra Mahey</a> and <a href="/issue62/chaudhri-et-al#author5">Emma Tonkin</a> propose a user-driven methodology for the iterative development, testing and implementation of Dublin Core Application Profiles in diverse repository software environments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/chaudhri-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article emma tonkin julian cheal mahendra mahey richard jones talat chaudhri cetis jisc oai ukoln university of bath geospatial application profile gnu iemsr images application profile jisc information environment lmap opendoar tbmap wikipedia application profile archives blog cerif data data model database dcap dcmi digital repositories domain model dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-government eprints fedora commons framework frbr geospatial data gis higher education identifier information architecture institutional repository interoperability metadata metadata model oai-ore open access open archives initiative open source rdf repositories research resource description ruby schema scholarly works application profile search technology software standards sword protocol uri usability virtual research environment vocabularies xml Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1522 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk eBooks: Tipping or Vanishing Point? http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> investigates ebooks and takes a look at recent technological and business developments in this area.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Due in large part to the appearance since mid-2006 of increasingly affordable devices making use of e-Ink technology (a monochrome display supporting a high-resolution image despite low battery use, since the screen consumes power only during page refreshes, which in the case of ebooks generally represent page turns), the ebook has gone from a somewhat limited market into a real, although presently still niche, contender. Amazon sold 500,000 Kindles in 2008 [<a href="#1">1</a>]; Sony sold 300,000 of its Reader Digital Book model between October 2006 and October 2009. In September 2009, ebooks represented between 1% and 3% of the total US publishing market [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p>Following the JISC National eBooks Observatory Study [<a href="#3">3</a>] in the UK, one participant, David Nicolas, was quoted as stating that ebooks have 'reached the tipping point' [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Keeping in mind Bohr's statement that, 'prediction is very difficult, especially about the future', it's nonetheless safe to say that publicity about these devices is currently at a high point. But for ebook readers, as Figure 1 shows, this is not their first time in the spotlight.</p> <blockquote><p>"A good book has no ending. ~R.D. Cumming"</p></blockquote> <p>This article marks the third time that <em>Ariadne</em> has discussed the subject of ebooks, namely "Ebooks in UK Libraries: Where are we now?" [<a href="#5">5</a>] and "e-Books for the Future: Here But Hiding?" [<a href="#6">6</a>]. There is something very beguiling about the idea of a book that has 'the marvelous chameleon-like quality that it can very quickly be made to substitute for a different printed work by simply loading different content' [<a href="#7">7</a>] - a book that can play the role of a <em>library</em>.</p> <p>As Striphas [<a href="#8">8</a>] points out, the concept of the electronic book, and the exploration of the interaction between the size of a container and the quantity of knowledge held, has an extraordinarily long history. He traces the idea back to the creation of miniature manuscript books, composed of 'tiny handwriting, or micrographia', in the late 15th century, which were functional objects and could be read by means of a magnifying glass.</p> <p>Striphas notes the development of microphotography techniques in the 19th century. This was initially pioneered by John Benjamin Dancer, an optical instrument-maker who combined microscope and camera in order to create the earliest example of microphotography on record [<a href="#9">9</a>]. Luther reports that 'the 21 May 1853 issue of Notes and Queries carried a letter from a Dublin scholar asking "May not photography be usefully applied to the making of catalogues of large libraries?' Microphotography led to the report in the British <em>Photographic Journal</em> of, 'A page of printing, from Quekett's "Treatise on the Microscope", reduced to such size that the whole of the volume of 560 pages could be contained in a space one inch long and half-an-inch broad ' [<a href="#8">8</a>].</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article emma tonkin amazon american library association apple british library google international digital publishing forum iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology microsoft ukoln university of bath university of chicago wikipedia aac access control accessibility adobe android blog bmp cataloguing copyright data digital library doc document format drm ebook epub file format flac flash gif html hypertext infrastructure ipad iphone itunes jpeg jpg linux mis mobi mobile mobile phone mp3 ogg open access operating system plain text png research rtf search technology smartphone software standardisation standards tiff usb windows wireless Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1529 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Spinning a Semantic Web for Metadata: Developments in the IEMSR http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov#author2">Alexey Strelnikov</a> reflect on the experience of developing components for the Information Environment Metadata Schema Registry.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- version 2: incorporating Emma's final edits :REW --><!-- version 2: incorporating Emma's final edits :REW --><p>The IEMSR, a metadata schema registry, exists to support the development and use of metadata standards; in practice, what does this entail?</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/tonkin-strelnikov" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 feature article alexey strelnikov emma tonkin ansi d-lib magazine ieee ilrt iso jisc niso ukoln university of bath w3c iemsr jisc information environment accessibility aggregation api application profile archives copyright data data model data set database dcap dcmi dissemination dublin core dublin core metadata initiative framework frbr graphics html ieee lom internet explorer interoperability java jena knowledge base learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata metadata model metadata schema registry open source rdf repositories research resource description schema search technology semantic web software sparql standardisation standards sword protocol thesaurus url usability vocabularies web standards windows xml Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1471 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Persistent Identifiers: Considering the Options http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> looks at the current landscape of persistent identifiers, describes several current services, and examines the theoretical background behind their structure and use.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="What_Is_a_Persistent_Identifier_and_Why">What Is a Persistent Identifier, and Why?</h2> <p>Persistent identifiers (PIs) are simply maintainable identifiers that allow us to refer to a digital object – a file or set of files, such as an e-print (article, paper or report), an image or an installation file for a piece of software. The only interesting persistent identifiers are also persistently actionable (that is, you can "click" them); however, unlike a simple hyperlink, persistent identifiers are supposed to continue to provide access to the resource, even when it moves to other servers or even to other organisations.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 feature article emma tonkin ansi california digital library cnri darpa ietf iso niso oclc portico ukoln university of bath archives ark bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing content management cool uri data database digital library digital object identifier dissemination dns doi ftp handle system identifier infrastructure licence metadata multimedia naan name mapping authority namespace national library openurl persistent identifier preservation purl request for comments research rfc search technology software standardisation standards unicode uri url urn utf-8 video z39.88 Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1413 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Computerization Movements and Technology Diffusion http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/tonkin-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/tonkin-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> reviews a fascinating introduction to over two decades of research into computerisation movements.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This book is all about computerisation movements – CMs, for short. CMs are social, professional, intellectual and/or scientific movements [<a href="#1">1</a>], collective movements fuelled by a group of people who share a vision of the way that things should be, and are ready to promote that vision. For some readers, this may sound a little abstract, so I will begin with a little descriptive preamble, which others are welcome to <a href="#skip">skip</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/tonkin-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 review emma tonkin information today ukoln content management framework infrastructure interoperability open source provenance repositories research semantic web social software software Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1402 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Collaborative and Social Tagging Networks http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/tonkin-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author1">Emma Tonkin</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author2">Edward M. Corrado</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author3">Heather Lea Moulaison</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author4">Margaret E. I. Kipp</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author5">Andrea Resmini</a>, <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author6">Heather D. Pfeiffer</a> and <a href="/issue54/tonkin-et-al#author7">Qiping Zhang</a> gather a series of international perspectives on the practice of social tagging of documents within a community context.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Social tagging, which is also known as collaborative tagging, social classification, and social indexing, allows ordinary users to assign keywords, or tags, to items. Typically these items are Web-based resources and the tags become immediately available for others to see and use. Unlike traditional classification, social tagging keywords are typically freely chosen instead of using a controlled vocabulary.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/tonkin-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 feature article andrea resmini edward m. corrado emma tonkin heather d. pfeiffer heather lea moulaison margaret e. i. kipp qiping zhang amazon college of new jersey d-lib magazine google iso long island university new mexico state university rutgers university ukoln university of cambridge university of illinois citeulike aggregation blog cloud computing controlled vocabularies data data set digital library framework hypertext information architecture information retrieval interoperability knowledge management metadata mobile phone multimedia ontologies research search technology social networks software standards subject heading tag cloud tagging technorati thesaurus usability video vocabularies web 2.0 wiki Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1372 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk ECDL 2007 http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author1">Mahendra Mahey</a>, <a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author2">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt#author3">Robert John Robertson</a> report on the 2007 European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, held in Budapest, Hungary, over 16-22 September, 2007.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This was the first time this event was held in the majestic and architecturally impressive city of Budapest. It was organised by The Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA SZTAKI) [<a href="#1">1</a>] and held at the Europa Congress Centre.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/ecdl-2007-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 event report emma tonkin mahendra mahey robert john robertson cetis dcc iso jisc ukoln university of bath university of glasgow university of liverpool university of strathclyde university of wales jisc information environment accessibility aggregation controlled vocabularies data database dcmi digital curation digital library digital preservation digital repositories dspace ebook framework identifier information retrieval information society infrastructure interoperability library management systems linux medical subject headings metadata multimedia ocr ontologies operating system preservation repositories research search technology software tagging thesaurus vocabularies web 2.0 windows wireless xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1357 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Mastering Regular Expressions, 3rd Edition http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw#author2">Greg Tourte</a> take a look at the new edition of an O'Reilly classic.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_Needles_Haystacks_and_Magnets">Introduction: Needles, Haystacks and Magnets</h2> <p>Since the early days of metadata, powerful textual search methods have been, as Wodehouse's Wooster might have put it, 'of the essence'. Effective use of search engines is all about understanding the use of the rich query syntax supported by that particular software. Examples include the use of Boolean logic (AND, OR and NOT), and wildcards, such as <em><strong>*</strong></em> and <em><strong>?</strong></em>.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 review emma tonkin greg tourte google oreilly ukoln university of bristol archives ascii csv data database digital library eprints html interoperability java metadata perl php programming language search technology software text mining url Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1363 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Video Streaming of Events http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/tourte-tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue49/tourte-tonkin#author2">Greg Tourte</a> and <a href="/issue49/tourte-tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> describe the set-up and use of video streaming technology at the IWMW 2006 event.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The recent Institutional Web Management Workshop (<a href="http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/workshops/webmaster-2006/">IWMW 2006</a>) [<a href="#1">1</a>] was a rare opportunity to try out a few new pieces of technology. With events that occur at a different location each year, it is often difficult to do so, since the infrastructure at the venue may not be suitable, and it is difficult to liase effectively with technical staff at the venue before the event in order to put all the necessary technology into place.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/tourte-tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue49 feature article emma tonkin greg tourte apache software foundation apple bbc ieee microsoft mpeg ukoln university of bath iwmw wikipedia algorithm asf avi cache codec data dvd file format flash flash video gpl graphics h.263 h.264 infrastructure interoperability licence linux mac os mp3 mpeg-1 mpeg-2 mpeg-4 multimedia ogg ogg theora preservation quicktime research software standards streaming theora usability video video codec video encoding web development windows windows media wireless wmv Mon, 30 Oct 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1274 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Folksonomies: The Fall and Rise of Plain-text Tagging http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> suggests that rising new ideas are often on their second circuit - and none the worse for that.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Despite the stability of many key technologies underlying today's Internet, venerable workhorses such as TCP/IP and HTTP, the rise of new candidate specifications frequently leads to a sort of collaborative manic depression. Every now and then, a new idea comes along and sparks a wave of interest, the first stage in the Internet hype cycle.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article emma tonkin amazon apple d-lib magazine google jisc massachusetts institute of technology ukoln access control algorithm amazon web services archives ascii blog browser controlled vocabularies copyright data data mining data set database digital repositories document management doi dublin core eprints exif institutional repository interoperability linux metadata microformats mobile mp3 operating system provenance rdf repositories research resource discovery search technology semantic web semiotic simple dublin core software standardisation standards tagging uri usability vocabularies web 2.0 web services windows xhtml Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1233 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Making the Case for a Wiki http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> examines wikis and considers the feasibility of their deployment - and the danger of the 'tumbleweed' syndrome.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_What_is_a_Wiki">Introduction: What is a Wiki?</h2> <p>Software use cases are necessarily incomplete, a failing which seems to intensify in reverse proportion to the degree of simplicity in the software in question. Complex software responds to a given set of requirements, simple software as a partial solution to a much broader problem set. More concisely put, certain ideas just seem to catch on, particularly the simple, brilliant, 'now why didn't I think of that' class of ideas.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article emma tonkin ukoln university of oxford wikipedia access control archives authentication blog content management data database html hypertext interoperability intranet knowledge base perl php python repositories research rss ruby search technology soap software syndication web development wiki xml Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1113 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk