Overview of content related to 'tooled up' http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/202/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Visualising Building Access Data http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue73/brewerton-cooper <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue73/brewerton-cooper#author1">Gary Brewerton</a> and <a href="/issue73/brewerton-cooper#author2">Jason Cooper</a> describe how the imposition of visitor access control for safety purposes was developed into a useful management tool to measure library building usage.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>1980 the Pilkington Library (the Library) was opened to support the current and future information needs of students, researchers and staff at Loughborough University. The building had four floors, the lower three forming the Library Service and the top floor hosting the Department of Library and Information Studies. Entry to the building was via the third floor (having been built against a hill) and there was a turnstile gate to count the number of visitors. The entrance of the building was revamped in 2000 and the turnstile replaced with a people counter that used an infra-red beam.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue73/brewerton-cooper" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue73 tooled up gary brewerton jason cooper loughborough university sconul w3c access control ajax api blog browser data database higher education html html5 internet explorer javascript jquery json library management systems mobile perl vocabularies web app xhtml Thu, 10 Jul 2014 14:57:04 +0000 lisrw 2531 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Implementing a Resource or Reading List Management System http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/brewerton <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/brewerton#author1">Gary Brewerton</a> takes us step by step through the various stages of implementing a Resource or Reading List Management System for your institution.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article takes you step by step through the various stages of implementing a Resource or Reading List Management System; from writing the business case to involving stakeholders, selecting a system, implementation planning, advocacy, training and data entry. It recognises the hard work required to embed such a system into your institution both during the implementation process and beyond.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/brewerton" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up gary brewerton loughborough university sconul authentication blog cataloguing collection development data e-learning freemium higher education intellectual property internet explorer ldap library management systems mooc open source podcast shibboleth software standards vle Mon, 17 Jun 2013 18:35:26 +0000 lisrw 2448 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Developing a Prototype Library WebApp for Mobile Devices http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/cooper-brewerton <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/cooper-brewerton#author1">Jason Cooper</a> and <a href="/issue71/cooper-brewerton#author2">Gary Brewerton</a> describe the development of a prototype WebApp to improve access to Library systems at Loughborough University for mobile devices.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Reviewing Loughborough University Library’s Web site statistics over a 12-month period (October 2011 – September 2012) showed a monthly average of 1,200 visits via mobile devices (eg smart phones and tablet computers). These visits account for 4% of the total monthly average visits; but plotting the percentage of visits per month from such mobile devices demonstrated over the period a steady increase, rising from 2% to 8%.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/cooper-brewerton" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up gary brewerton jason cooper apple google loughborough university w3c adobe ajax android apache api authentication blog browser cache cataloguing content management cookie css data framework google books html html5 ipad iphone itunes java javascript jquery json library management systems local storage metadata mobile native app native apps open source passwords perl restful rss standards tablet computer url vocabularies web app web browser web development widget xhtml xml Mon, 10 Jun 2013 13:33:09 +0000 admin 2438 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk eMargin: A Collaborative Textual Annotation Tool http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/kehoe-gee <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/kehoe-gee#author1">Andrew Kehoe</a> and <a href="/issue71/kehoe-gee#author2">Matt Gee</a> describe their Jisc-funded eMargin collaborative textual annotation tool, showing how it has widened its focus through integration with Virtual Learning Environments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the Research and Development Unit for English Studies (RDUES) at Birmingham City University, our main research field is Corpus Linguistics: the compilation and analysis of large text collections in order to extract new knowledge about language. We have previously developed the WebCorp [<a href="#1">1</a>] suite of software tools, designed to extract language examples from the Web and to uncover frequent and changing usage patterns automatically. eMargin, with its emphasis on <em>manual</em> annotation and analysis, was therefore somewhat of a departure for us.</p> <p>The eMargin Project came about in 2007 when we attempted to apply our automated Corpus Linguistic analysis techniques to the study of English Literature. To do this, we built collections of works by particular authors and made these available through our WebCorp software, allowing other researchers to examine, for example, how Dickens uses the word ‘woman’, how usage varies across his novels, and which other words are associated with ‘woman’ in Dickens’ works.</p> <p>What we found was that, although our tools were generally well received, there was some resistance amongst literary scholars to this large-scale automated analysis of literary texts. Our top-down approach, relying on frequency counts and statistical analyses, was contrary to the traditional bottom-up approach employed in the discipline, relying on the intuition of literary scholars. In order to develop new software to meet the requirements of this new audience, we needed to gain a deeper understanding of the traditional approach and its limitations.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="logo: eMargin logo" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue71-kehoe-gee/emargin-logo.png" style="width: 250px; height: 63px;" title="logo: eMargin logo" /></p> <h2 id="The_Traditional_Approach">The Traditional Approach</h2> <p>A long-standing problem in the study of English Literature is that the material being studied – the literary text – is often many hundreds of pages in length, yet the teacher must encourage class discussion and focus this on particular themes and passages. Compounding the problem is the fact that, often, not all students in the class have read the text in its entirety.</p> <p>The traditional mode of study in the discipline is ‘close reading’: the detailed examination and interpretation of short text extracts down to individual word level. This variety of ‘practical criticism’ was greatly influenced by the work of I.A. Richards in the 1920s [<a href="#2">2</a>] but can actually be traced back to the 11<sup>th</sup> Century [<a href="#3">3</a>]. What this approach usually involves in practice in the modern study of English Literature is that the teacher will specify a passage for analysis, often photocopying this and distributing it to the students. Students will then read the passage several times, underlining words or phrases which seem important, writing notes in the margin, and making links between different parts of the passage, drawing out themes and motifs. On each re-reading, the students’ analysis gradually takes shape (see Figure 1). Close reading takes place either in preparation for seminars or in small groups during seminars, and the teacher will then draw together the individual analyses during a plenary session in the classroom.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/kehoe-gee" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up andrew kehoe matt gee ahrc amazon birmingham city university blackboard british library cetis d-lib magazine google ims global ims global learning consortium jisc niso university of leicester university of oxford wikipedia accessibility aggregation ajax api big data blog browser data database digital library ebook free software html interoperability intranet java javascript jquery metadata moodle plain text repositories research search technology software standards tag cloud tagging tei url vle web browser wiki windows xml Thu, 04 Jul 2013 17:20:45 +0000 lisrw 2467 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Improving Evaluation of Resources through Injected Feedback Surveys http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/reese <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/reese#author1">Terry Reese</a> suggests a novel approach for providing intercept survey functionality for librarians looking to simplify the gathering of user feedback for library-provided materials.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Assessment of electronic resources has long proven a difficult challenge for librarians when looking to make collection development decisions.&nbsp; Often, these decisions are made by looking at usage statistics provided by the vendor, and through informal conversations with selected faculty within affected disciplines.&nbsp; The ability to capture point-of-use information from users remains a significant challenge for many institutions.&nbsp; The purpose of this paper will be to suggest a novel approach to providing intercept survey functionality for librarians looking to simplify the gath</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/reese" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up terry reese oclc ohio state university libraries oregon state university jusp worldcat apache api authentication cataloguing collection development counting online usage of networked electronic resources css data data mining framework html infrastructure jquery metadata php research software standards sushi uri url visualisation Tue, 25 Jun 2013 19:12:22 +0000 lisrw 2450 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Motivations for the Development of a Web Resource Synchronisation Framework http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/lewis-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/lewis-et-al#author1">Stuart Lewis</a>, <a href="/issue70/lewis-et-al#author2">Richard Jones</a> and <a href="/issue70/lewis-et-al#author3">Simeon Warner</a> explain some of the motivations behind the development of the ResourceSync Framework.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article describes the motivations behind the development of the ResourceSync Framework. The Framework addresses the need to synchronise resources between Web sites. &nbsp;Resources cover a wide spectrum of types, such as metadata, digital objects, Web pages, or data files. &nbsp;There are many scenarios in which the ability to perform some form of synchronisation is required. Examples include aggregators such as Europeana that want to harvest and aggregate collections of resources, or preservation services that wish to archive Web sites as they change.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/lewis-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 tooled up richard jones simeon warner stuart lewis aberystwyth university cornell university imperial college london jisc library of congress niso oai oclc ukoln university of edinburgh university of oxford dbpedia europeana opendoar wikipedia access control aggregation api archives atom cache cataloguing data data management data set database digital library doi dspace dublin core eprints framework ftp higher education html hypertext identifier interoperability knowledge base linked data metadata namespace national library oai-ore oai-pmh open access open archives initiative open source passwords portal portfolio preservation provenance repositories research rfc rss search technology service oriented architecture software sru srw standards sword protocol syndication twitter uri url web app web resources web services xml z39.50 Mon, 03 Dec 2012 15:58:46 +0000 lisrw 2392 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Moving Ariadne: Migrating and Enriching Content with Drupal http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/bunting#author1">Thom Bunting</a> explains some of the technology behind the migration of <em>Ariadne</em> (including more than 1600 articles from its back issues archive) onto a Drupal content management platform.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Tools and strategies for content management are a perennial topic in <em>Ariadne. </em> With&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=" title="Link to overview of articles including references to 'content management'">more than one hundred articles</a>&nbsp;touching on content management system (CMS) technologies or techniques since this online magazine commenced publication in 1996,&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;attests to continuing interest in this topic. Authors have discussed this topic within various contexts, from&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=intranet&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to articles discussing 'content management', within 'intranet' context">intranets</a> to&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/repositories?article-type=&amp;term=content+management&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles referring to 'content management', within 'repositories' context">repositories</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=web+2.0&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles discussing 'content management', within context of Web 2.0">Web 2.0</a>, &nbsp;with some notable&nbsp;<a href="/sites/all/datacharts/hc/72-chart-wp.html#timeline" title="Link to timeline: articles referring to 'content management'">surges in references to 'content management' between 2000 and 2005</a>&nbsp;(see Figure 1 below). &nbsp;Although levels of discussion are by no means trending, over recent years it is clear that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> authors have taken note of and written about content management tools and techniques on a regular basis.&nbsp;</p> <p>In the light of this long-established interest, it is noteworthy that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> itself migrated into a content management system only recently. Although the formatting of its articles did change a few times since 1996, <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;remained 'hand-coded' for more than fifteen years. &nbsp;None of its articles had been migrated into a database-driven content management system until March 2012, when&nbsp;<a href="/issue68" title="Link to table of contents for Ariadne issue 68">issue 68</a>&nbsp;was published.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>As mentioned in the&nbsp;<a href="/issue68/editorial1" title="Editorial introduction: Welcome to New Ariadne">editorial introduction</a>&nbsp;to that first issue, launching the new content management arrangements, and as discussed in some more detail below (see 'Technical challenges in content migration'), the considerable size of&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>'s archive of back issues was daunting. &nbsp;With <a href="/articles" title="Overview of more than 1600 articles in Ariadne">more than 1600 articles</a>&nbsp;in hand-coded 'flat'-html formats,&nbsp;the process of migration itself required careful planning to result in a seamless, graceful transition into an entirely new content management arrangement. &nbsp;Over time, the sheer size of the <em>Ariadne</em> corpus had made it both increasingly rich in content and increasingly more challenging to convert retrospectively into a database-driven CMS as the total number of articles published within this online magazine steadily expanded.&nbsp;</p> <p>In looking back over the recent process of migrating <em>Ariadne</em> onto a CMS platform, this article discusses some tools and techniques used to prepare content for transfer, testing, and then re-launch. &nbsp;After explaining some of the background to and objectives of this work, this article focuses on key features of content management supported by Drupal.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue69-bunting/content%20management-timeline.png" style="height: 453px; width: 500px; " title="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" /></p> <p style="text-align: center; "><strong>Figure 1: Ariadne timeline of references to content management</strong></p> <h2 id="Requirements_Analysis:_Planning_the_Way_Forward">Requirements Analysis: Planning the Way Forward</h2> <p>Based on surveys of readers and authors conducted in late 2010, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team analysed the range of feedback, drew up sets of re-development requirements, and then considered the options available.</p> <p>The following table provides an overview of key findings regarding the range of enhanced functionality and features considered:</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Overview of findings derived from survey responses</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>enhanced functionality or feature</em></td> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>interest recorded in surveys</em></td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by keywords</td> <td>73.4% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>updated look and feel</td> <td>62.3% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by title</td> <td>50.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>enhanced use of search engine</td> <td>48.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved display for portable devices</td> <td>34.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>more summative information on articles</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved navigability from article level</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved social media options</td> <td>29.5% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by author</td> <td>28.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved RSS feeds</td> <td>27.0% of respondents</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>In addition to these findings derived from surveys, the management team also recognised the need for some other functionalities to support monitoring of <em>Ariadne</em>'s on-going engagement with various domains and institutions across the UK and beyond.</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Additional features to support monitoring of engagement</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; ">identification of author domains (higher education, further education, research, commercial, etc)</td> <td style="text-align: left; ">to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach across various sectors</td> </tr> <tr> <td>identification of authors by organisation</td> <td>to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach in UK and worldwide</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>Taking into account the key findings derived from survey questions as well as the additional functionality identified as useful in monitoring UK and worldwide engagement, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team drew up sets of re-development requirements and considered how to proceed.&nbsp;Migration into a content management system represented the obvious way forward, as it became clear that <em>Ariadne</em>'s&nbsp;previous tradition of 'hand-coded' production (dating from the early days of the Web) had little chance of coping gracefully with the new sets of requirements.</p> <p>In a review of CMS options available, it also became clear that&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drupal" title="Wikipedia article: Drupal">Drupal</a>&nbsp;[<a href="#1">1</a>] was well positioned as a content management system (or, emphasising its highly modular and extensible design, <em>content management framework </em>&nbsp;[<a href="#2">2</a>] ) to supply required functionality and features.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up thom bunting ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath datagovuk gnu wikipedia apache api archives bibliographic data content licence content management css data data set database drupal framework further education graphics higher education html identifier jquery json licence linux metadata mysql open source perl php preservation python rdf repositories research rss search technology software sql server sqlite standards taxonomy usability video visualisation web 2.0 xml Fri, 27 Jul 2012 16:47:36 +0000 lisrw 2348 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Redeveloping the Loughborough Online Reading List System http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/knight-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author1">Jon Knight</a>, <a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author2">Jason Cooper</a> and <a href="/issue69/knight-et-al#author3">Gary Brewerton</a> describe the redevelopment of Loughborough University’s open source reading list system.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Loughborough Online Reading Lists System (LORLS) [<a href="#1">1</a>] has been developed at Loughborough University since the late 1990s.&nbsp; LORLS was originally implemented at the request of the University’s Learning and Teaching Committee simply to make reading lists available online to students.&nbsp; The Library staff immediately saw the benefit of such a system in not only allowing students ready access to academics’ reading lists but also in having such access themselves. This was because a significant number of academics were bypassing the library when generating and distributing lists to their students who were then in turn surprised when the library did not have the recommended books either in stock or in sufficient numbers to meet demand.</p> <p>The first version of the system produced by the Library Systems Team was part of a project that also had a ‘reading lists amnesty’ in which academics were encouraged to provide their reading lists to the library which then employed some temporary staff over the summer to enter them into the new system.&nbsp; This meant that the first version of LORLS went live in July 2000 with a reasonable percentage of lists already in place.&nbsp; Subsequently the creation and editing of reading lists was made the responsibility of the academics or departmental admin staff, with some assistance from library staff.</p> <p>LORLS was written in Perl, with a MySQL database back-end.&nbsp; Most user interfaces were delivered via the web, with a limited number of back-end scripts that helped the systems staff maintain the system and alert library staff to changes that had been made to reading lists.</p> <p>Soon after the first version of LORLS went live at Loughborough, a number of other universities expressed an interest in using or modifying the system. Permission was granted by the University to release it as open source under the General Public Licence (GPL)[<a href="#2">2</a>].&nbsp; New versions were released as the system was developed and bugs were fixed. The last version of the original LORLS code base/data design was version 5, which was downloaded by sites worldwide.</p> <h2 id="Redesign">Redesign</h2> <p>By early 2007 it was decided to take a step back and see if there were things that could be done better in LORLS.&nbsp; Some design decisions made in 1999 no longer made sense eight years later.&nbsp; Indeed some of the database design was predicated on how teaching modules were supposed to work at Loughborough and it had already become clear that the reality of how they were deployed was often quite different.&nbsp; For example, during the original design, the principle was that each module would have a single reading list associated with it.&nbsp; Within a few years several modules had been found that were being taught by two (or more!) academics, all wanting their own independent reading list.</p> <p>Some of the structuring of the data in the MySQL database began to limit how the system could be developed.&nbsp; The University began to plan an organisational restructuring shortly after the redesign of LORLS was commenced, and it was clear that the simple departmental structure was likely to be replaced by a more fluid school and department mix.</p> <p>Library staff were also beginning to request new features that were thus increasingly awkward to implement.&nbsp; Rather than leap through hoops to satisfy them within the framework of the existing system, it made sense to add them into the design process for a full redesign.</p> <p>It was also felt that the pure CGI-driven user interface could do with a revamp.&nbsp; The earlier LORLS user interfaces used only basic HTML forms, with little in the way of client-side scripting.&nbsp; Whilst that meant that they tended to work on any web browser and were pretty accessible, they were also a bit clunky compared to some of the newer dynamic web sites.</p> <p>A distinct separation of the user interface from the back-end database was decided upon to improve localization and portability of the system as earlier versions of LORLS had already shown that many sites took the base code and then customised the user interface parts of the CGI scripts to their own look and feel.&nbsp; The older CGI scripts were a mix of user interaction elements and database access and processing, which made this task a bit more difficult than it really needed to be.</p> <p>Separating the database code from the user interface code would let people easily tinker with one without unduly affecting the other.&nbsp; It would also allow local experimentation with multiple user-interface designs for different user communities or devices.</p> <p>This implied that a set of application programming interfaces (APIs) would need to be defined. As asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX)[<a href="#3">3</a>] interactions had been successful applied in a number of recent projects the team had worked on, XML was chosen as the format to be used.&nbsp; At first simple object access protocol (SOAP) style XML requests was experimented with, as well as XML responses, but it was soon realised that SOAP was far too heavy-weight for most of the API calls, so a lighter ‘RESTful’ API was selected.&nbsp; The API was formed of CGI scripts that took normal parameters as input and returned XML documents for the client to parse and display.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/knight-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up gary brewerton jason cooper jon knight google harvard university loughborough university microsoft gnu access control ajax api archives authentication bibliographic data blog cache chrome cookie data database digital library e-learning framework google books gpl html javascript jquery json library management systems licence metadata moodle mysql open source perl refworks restful schema shibboleth soap software sql standards web browser xml z39.50 zip Sat, 28 Jul 2012 14:32:55 +0000 lisrw 2354 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Walk-in Access to e-Resources at the University of Bath http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/robinson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/robinson-et-al#author1">Kate Robinson</a>, <a href="/issue69/robinson-et-al#author2">Lizz Jennings</a> and <a href="/issue69/robinson-et-al#author3">Laurence Lockton</a> outline a low-cost solution to walk-in (visitor) access to licensed e-journals, drawing on their practice at the University of Bath with a wiki ERM and OPAC terminals.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Although the move from print to electronic journals over the last two decades has been enormously beneficial to academic libraries and their users, the shift from owning material outright to renting access has restricted the autonomy of librarians to grant access to these journals.</p> <h2 id="The_Problem">The Problem</h2> <p>Licence restrictions imposed by publishers define and limit access rights and librarians have increasingly taken on the role of restricting access on behalf of the publisher, rather than granting access on behalf of their institution.&nbsp; In other words, librarians and their institutions are no longer free to decide who may read this material as they no longer own it.&nbsp;</p> <p>This situation has been the subject of negotiation for some time, and it is fair to say that an accommodation has been reached in many cases through less restrictive licensing terms.&nbsp; Some clearer definition of groups who can use e-journals has eased the situation for 'authorised users', such as those teaching students of an institution who are not directly employed by the institution itself, for example, through franchised courses.&nbsp; However, there is still a group of potential users who do not have a relationship with an institution other than a wish to access the Library's holdings to further their research or their curiosity.&nbsp; In the past, such access was at the discretion of the Librarian but with regard to e-journals it is now set out in publishers’ licences, usually under the terms of 'walk-in access' to these resources.&nbsp; This in itself is a positive move and seemingly restores some access control to the Librarian.&nbsp; In practice, however, it has not proved to be straightforward to implement.</p> <p>In general terms e-journal access, although via the Web, piggybacks on established University IT systems and safeguards which have not always been specifically designed to support the licence restrictions of publishers.&nbsp; The definition of an authorised user for walk-in access is usually one who has been granted access to the Library building.&nbsp; This requirement for e-journal material to be restricted to the actual library building, not just University premises, presents a technical challenge.&nbsp; It is not reasonable to expect a University's IT infrastructure to be redesigned to accommodate the needs of those who are not part of the institution.&nbsp; However, there is a balance to be struck as a tipping point has been reached, with journal holdings become increasingly e-only and widening participation becoming increasingly important to institutions.&nbsp;</p> <p>There are a growing number of groups who would like would and benefit from walk-in access.&nbsp;&nbsp; In recent years requests for access to e-journals have become more frequent from library users, such as researchers who already use and borrow hard-copy materials through the SCONUL Access scheme, and school/college students undertaking Extended Project or International Baccalaureate qualifications.&nbsp; Clearly it is desirable to support the research community of which we are part, and to encourage EP/IB students whose next steps may well be into Higher Education.&nbsp; Visits for school/college groups are increasingly encouraged at institutional level and often include teaching and other intensive support from library staff; support which increases as the range of material they are authorised to access decreases.&nbsp; Research areas and subjects for these pieces of work are diverse and cannot be easily satisfied through textbook material or residual hard-copy journal holdings.&nbsp; In this climate, we need to look again at how to implement walk-in access to open up resources wherever possible.&nbsp; To do this we first need to take two steps: to identify which online material we can allow access to and to facilitate access through a route which meets licence terms, that is, to this material only within the library building.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/robinson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up kate robinson laurence lockton lizz jennings cilip robert gordon university sconul ucisa university of bath access control accessibility authentication browser cataloguing collection development data database dublin core ejournal firefox higher education infrastructure institutional repository intranet ldap library management systems licence opac open source opera operating system passwords research resource discovery resource management smartphone solaris url usability web browser wiki windows Fri, 27 Jul 2012 19:10:21 +0000 lisrw 2349 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Adapting VuFind as a Front-end to a Commercial Discovery System http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/seaman <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/seaman#author1">Graham Seaman</a> describes the adaptation of an open source discovery tool, VuFind, to local needs, discusses the decisions which needed to be made in the process, and considers the implications of this process for future library discovery systems.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>VuFind is an open source discovery system originally created by Villanova University near Philadelphia [<a href="#1">1</a>] and now supported by Villanova with the participation in development of libraries around the world. It was one of the first next-generation library discovery systems in the world, made possible by the open source Solr/Lucene text indexing and search system which lies at the heart of VuFind (Solr also underlies several of the current commercial offerings, including Serials Solutions' Summon and ExLibris' Primo).</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/seaman" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 tooled up graham seaman google minnesota state colleges and universities national library of australia royal holloway serials solutions university of london villanova university western michigan university worldcat ajax api archives authentication cataloguing data database ejournal free software identifier institutional repository library catalogs library management systems lucene marc metadata mysql national library oai-pmh opac open source openurl php repositories resource discovery restful ruby search technology sfx software solr standards usability vufind wiki Fri, 09 Mar 2012 14:06:59 +0000 lisrw 2226 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Accessibility Testing and Reporting With TAW3 http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/lauke <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue46/lauke#author1">Patrick Lauke</a> gives a run-down of the free TAW3 tool to aid in accessibility testing of Web pages.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>When it comes to assessing a Web site's accessibility, any Web designer should know by now that simply running the mark-up though an automated testing tool is not enough. Automated tools are limited, purely testing for syntax, easily ascertained "yes or no" situations and a set of (sometimes quite arbitrary) heuristics, which are often based on an interpretation of accessibility guidelines on the part of the tool's developers.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/lauke" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue46 tooled up patrick lauke university of salford w3c accessibility browser css file format firefox html java schema software standards wcag web browser xml Wed, 08 Feb 2006 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1212 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Improving DSpace@OSU With a Usability Study of the ET/D Submission Process http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/boock <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/boock#author1">Michael Boock</a> discusses the ease and usefulness of conducting a usability study and provides an example of usability testing at Oregon State University undertaken to improve the DSpace ET/D submission process.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Can a student find relevant research articles from your library Web pages efficiently? Do faculty effortlessly locate the full text of articles from a licensed database? You can answer these questions and dozens more by conducting a usability study. It can be as simple and painless as gathering students in a room together, asking them to do something and analysing their behaviour.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/boock" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 tooled up michael boock oregon state university accessibility authentication browser database dspace electronic theses licence metadata passwords research software url usability Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1194 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Must Email Die? http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> recently gave a talk on this subject at the Internet Librarian International 2005 conference. In this article he expands on the talk and revisits the question as to whether email really should disappear.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="The_ILI_2005_Conference">The ILI 2005 Conference</h2> <p>The ILI (Internet Librarian International) 2005 Conference [<a href="#1">1</a>], the seventh in the series, was held in the Copthorne Tara Hotel, London over 10-11 September 2005. This conference is aimed at information professionals and librarians who are using, developing and implementing Internet, Intranet and Web-based services in their daily work.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 tooled up brian kelly ahds bbc google jisc kings college london microsoft ucisa ukoln university of bath university of edinburgh university of liverpool archives blog flickr higher education html infrastructure instant messaging interoperability intranet licence metadata open source portal rdf rss search technology sms software standards syndication url video web development wiki Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1195 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Evaluating Web Sites for Accessibility With Firefox http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/lauke <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue44/lauke#author1">Patrick Lauke</a> outlines how Mozilla Firefox can be used in conjunction with the Web Developer Toolbar to carry out a preliminary accessibility review.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In a previous issue of <em>Ariadne</em> [<a href="#1">1</a>], I gave a brief overview of <a href="http://www.mozilla.org/products/firefox/">Mozilla Firefox</a> [<a href="#2">2</a>] and introduced a few of its most useful extensions. In this article, we will use one of these extensions, <a href="http://www.chrispederick.com/work/firefox/webdeveloper/">Chris Pederick's Web Developer toolbar</a> [<a href="#3">3</a>], to aid us in a preliminary assessment of a web site's accessibility.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/lauke" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue44 tooled up patrick lauke alt microsoft university of salford w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility browser css data firefox html internet explorer java javascript jpg search technology wcag web development Fri, 29 Jul 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1172 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: The WWW 2005 Conference http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue44/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> provides his impressions including reports of areas of doubt and uncertainty - but also of an exciting new development.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="About_the_WWW_2005_Conference">About the WWW 2005 Conference</h2> <p>The WWW 2005 Conference was held in the Nippon Conference Centre in Chiba, Japan over 10-14 May 2005. This conference is the main event for the Web research community and provides an opportunity for researchers to present papers on research into developments in the Web infrastructure. In addition to its role for the research community, the conference also attracts delegates who are active in leading edge work in more mainstream areas.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue44 tooled up brian kelly ukoln university of bath w3c iwmw web accessibility initiative accessibility adobe aggregation blog browser data foaf framework html infrastructure instant messaging metadata microformats mobile open data podcast rdf research rss semantic web soap standardisation vcard wcag web app web development web resources web services wiki xhtml xml Fri, 29 Jul 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1173 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Installing Shibboleth http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/mcleish <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/mcleish#author1">Simon McLeish</a> describes the experience of Shibboleth installation in a Higher Education environment, and suggests ways to make this experience more user-friendly.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="What_and_Why_Is_Shibboleth">What and Why Is Shibboleth?</h2> <p>One of the major issues that faces all today's Internet users is identity management: how to prove to a Web site that you are who you claim you are, and do so securely enough to prevent someone else being able to convince the Web site that they are you. There are many initiatives attacking the problem, with approaches both technical and legal.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/mcleish" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 tooled up simon mcleish edina eduserv google london school of economics microsoft mimas perseus sdss access control apache archives authentication cookie data fedora commons higher education infrastructure institutional repository ldap licence linux metadata open source passwords portal repositories research saml schema search technology shibboleth software standards tomcat wiki windows xml Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1148 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Using Collaborative Technologies When on the Road http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue43/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> argues that since conference delegates now expect to be able to read email on the road, there are additional technologies which might enhance our effectiveness when away from the office.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In today's networked environment conference delegates expect to be able to access their email when attending events away from their normal place of work. It is increasingly the norm to be given a guest username and password which can be used in PC areas, primarily to access email and the Web. However such facilities are not always flexible enough to support the changed working environment in which conference delegates may find themselves, such as being out-of-sync with local working hours during a conference on the other side of the globe.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue43 tooled up brian kelly microsoft ucisa ukoln university of bath blog browser instant messaging interoperability microsoft office mobile mobile phone passwords privacy software web browser wiki Fri, 29 Apr 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1149 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Mozilla Firefox for Rapid Web Development and Testing http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/lauke <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/lauke#author1">Patrick Lauke</a> takes a quick look at Firefox, the new browser released by the Mozilla Foundation, and points out useful features and extensions for Web developers.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.mozilla.org/products/firefox/">Mozilla Firefox</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a free, open-source Web browser based on the Mozilla codebase.</p> <p>Version 1.0 was recently released after two years of development, so now may be a good time to evaluate this browser's capabilities.</p> <p>"Out of the box" Mozilla Firefox offers a variety of features catering to both occasional Web surfers and power users. The more advanced functionality can be particularly noted as a real time saver during the Web development process.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/lauke" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 tooled up patrick lauke alt university of salford w3c browser character encoding css dom firefox framework html internet explorer intranet javascript php repositories url web browser web development web standards xml xul Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1120 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Looking for a Google Box? http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/rahtz <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/rahtz#author1">Sebastian Rahtz</a> gives us his evaluation of the Google Search Appliance.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Most Web sites of any size want to offer a facility to perform a free-text search of their content. While we all at least <em>claim</em> to believe in the possibilities of the semantic web, and take care over our navigation aids and sitemaps, we know that sooner or later our readers want to type 'hedgehog' into a search box. Yes, even <a href="http://www.microsoft.com">http://www.microsoft.com</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] returns plenty of hits if you try this.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/rahtz" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 tooled up sebastian rahtz google jisc microsoft oss watch oucs university of oxford cache database google search graphics higher education internet explorer intranet licence multimedia open source passwords rtf search technology semantic web software standards stylesheet url xml xslt Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1121 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Experiences of Using a Wiki for Note-taking at a Workshop http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> describes how the Wikalong Wiki tool was used to support note-taking at a workshop.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Wikis: are they the latest cool Web technology or a pointless tool which merely duplicates features provided in content management systems and virtual learning environments? I have heard both views expressed recently. To some extent both views have some validity: a Wiki is a technology which has been adopted initially by those in Web developer communities (such as the Semantic Web community) to enable collaborative documents to be produced quickly and easily.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 tooled up brian kelly ucisa ukoln university of bath wikipedia blog browser content management firefox hypertext instant messaging mobile php portal research semantic web shared resource software url wiki Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1122 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Virtual Rooms, Real Meetings http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/powell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/powell#author1">Andy Powell</a> takes a brief look at VRVS, a desktop video-conferencing tool that can be used to support collaborative activities between groups of geographically distributed researchers.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>As a child I can remember watching an episode of <em>Tomorrow's World</em> (the BBC's weekly popular science programme of the time) [<a href="#1">1</a>] that showed the use of a video phone and how people would soon actually be able to see the person to whom they were talking.&nbsp; "Wow," I thought, "that is the future."</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/powell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 tooled up andy powell bbc jisc ukerna ukoln university of manchester browser further education infrastructure java linux mobile operating system passwords quicktime research software url video videoconferencing windows Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1089 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: QA Focus Has Finished - Let's Start Embedding QA http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> reviews the JISC-funded QA Focus Project and argues that developers should be using quality assurance principles.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="About_QA_Focus">About QA Focus</h2> <p>The JISC-funded QA Focus Project officially finished on 31 July 2004. The project, which started on 1 January 2002, supported JISC's digital library programmes. QA Focus developed a quality assurance (QA) framework which could be used by projects funded by JISC's Information Environment programmes to ensure that project deliverables were functional, widely accessible and interoperable.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 tooled up brian kelly ahds ilrt jisc microsoft ukoln university of bath university of birmingham jisc information environment archives creative commons data digital library digitisation framework further education html infrastructure interoperability licence metadata research software uri url web development Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1090 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk WebWatch: Testing Web Page Design Concepts for Usability http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/web-watch#author1">Dey Alexander</a> and <a href="/issue40/web-watch#author2">Derek Brown</a> demonstrate how the layout of a Web page has a direct influence upon users' capacity and willingness to engage with a Web site.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In order to identify the extent to which visual designs assist users to locate particular elements that might be contained on a Web page (such as search, site-wide navigation, and local navigation), we used a usability testing method described by Tullis [<a href="#1">1</a>] to test a set of five Web page design concepts. All text elements on each of the designs were "greeked", or turned into nonsense text. This meant that users had to rely on the communicative aspects of each design in order to perform their tasks.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 tooled up derek brown dey alexander monash university data information architecture search technology standards usability wireframe Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1063 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: The Web on Your TV http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> takes a look at a digital TV box which provides Web and email access in your living room.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The potential for use of television for accessing Web resources has been suggested for a number of years without having any significant impact. However the growth in use of digital TV technologies may provide another opportunity for accessing Web and other networked resources from the comfort of your living room.</p> <p>This article introduces the Netgem i-Player digital TV player and describes the implications for Web developers if such devices grow in popularity.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 tooled up brian kelly ukoln university of bath w3c accessibility blog browser css flash further education html javascript linux mp3 operating system standards streaming url usb web browser web resources web standards wiki windows xhtml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1064 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Through the Web Authoring Tools http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/browning#author1">Paul Browning</a> offers a technical review of new approaches to Web publishing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Web is over ten years old but it has yet to realise the vision of its founder - '.... it should be possible for grandma to take a photo of grandchildren and put it on the web immediately and without fuss ....'[<a href="#1">1</a>]. The Web, for most of its users, remains a read-only medium.</p> <p>The 'Universal Canvas' is a term introduced by Microsoft; two definitions are [<a href="#2">2</a>]:</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 tooled up paul browning jisc microsoft ucisa university of bristol apache api browser chrome content management css dhtml dom flash framework ftp higher education html instant messaging internet explorer java javascript licence linux mac os metadata open source operating system passwords perl php plain text plone schema software standards stylesheet telnet url web development widget windows xhtml xml xml schema xslt xul Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1037 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Towards Library Groupware With Personalised Link Routing http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> takes a look at the FOAF Semantic Web application and suggests it is time to start evaluating this technology.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="What_Is_FOAF">What Is FOAF?</h2> <p>The term <a href="http://www.foaf-project.org/">FOAF</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] stands for Friend of a Friend. As might be deduced from this phrase one of the key applications of FOAF is to provide a mechanism for creating links to one's friends. From the links to one's immediate circle of friends automated software can be used to process links from your friends, which can provide a visualisation of 'friends of a friend'.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 tooled up brian kelly ukoln university of bath university of birmingham data database foaf html java namespace rdf semantic web software svg visualisation vocabularies web development xml xml namespaces Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1038 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Developing and Publicising a Workable Accessibility Strategy http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/phipps <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/phipps#author1">Lawrie Phipps</a>, <a href="/issue38/phipps#author2">Sue Harrison</a>, <a href="/issue38/phipps#author3">David Sloan</a> and <a href="/issue38/phipps#author4">Betty Willder</a> look at the increasing need for developers of institutional and educational Web sites to develop and follow a strategy for ensuring optimal accessibility of online content.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article looks at the increasing need for developers of institutional and educational Web sites to develop and follow a strategy for ensuring optimal accessibility of online content. In particular the need is stressed for careful thought about the aims of such a strategy, and to ensure that the strategy meets a balance between ambition, legal responsibility and equitable access to learning and teaching.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/phipps" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 tooled up betty willder david sloan lawrie phipps sue harrison alt jisc jisc techdis w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility browser digital media e-learning further education higher education ict multimedia operating system research software standards usability wcag web development Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1013 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Improving the Quality of Your HTML http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> outlines a strategy for fixing the most important HTML resources on a Web site.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="The_Importance_of_HTML_Compliance">The Importance of HTML Compliance</h2> <p>A recent Web Focus article [<a href="#1">1</a>] argued that there was a need to ensure HTML resources complied strictly with HTML standards in order to ensure that they would be functional, widely accessible and interoperable. The importance of HTML compliance is growing as the HTML format develops from being primarily an output format used for display by Web browsers to its use as XHTML in which the resource can be transformed for a variety of purposes.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 tooled up brian kelly jisc ukoln university of bath w3c blog content management css digital library html interoperability standards web browser web standards xhtml Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1014 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk The OpenURL and OpenURL Framework: Demystifying Link Resolution http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/apps-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/apps-rpt#author1">Ann Apps</a> reports on a conference about current and future uses of the proposed OpenURL Framework Standard Z39.88-2004.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="The_Event_at_a_Glance">The Event at a Glance</h2> <ul> <li><a href="#a">Welcome - Pat Harris</a></li> <li><a href="#b">The OpenURL Framework for Context-Sensitive Services Standard - Eric Van de Velde</a></li> <li><a href="#c">The Promise and History of the OpenURL - Oliver Pesch</a></li> <li><a href="#d">Related Linking Standards: CrossRef and DOI - Ed Pentz</a></li> <li><a href="#e">Why Should Publishers Implement the OpenURL Framework?<br /> </a></li></ul><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/apps-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 tooled up ann apps ansi british library editeur google microsoft mimas niso oai university of manchester zetoc archives authentication cookie data database digital library digital object identifier doi dublin core ejournal framework identifier infrastructure internet explorer interoperability knowledge base metadata oai-pmh open archives initiative open source openurl personalisation portfolio repositories research rss schema search technology semantic web sfx shibboleth simple dublin core soap software standardisation standards syndication usability xml xml schema z39.88 Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1015 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Widening the Focus for the Future http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> reviews the history of the Web Focus post and describes funding changes which gives Web Focus a much wider remit.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The UK Web Focus post was established by the Joint Information Systems Committee (<a href="http://www.jisc.ac.uk/">JISC</a>) <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a> to advise the UK Higher Education Committee on Web developments. The post is based at UKOLN and located at the University of Bath. As post-holder I began work on 1 November 1996.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 tooled up brian kelly jisc kings college london newcastle university queens university belfast ucisa ukerna ukoln university of bath university of kent university of oxford university of strathclyde web futures elib iwmw archives digital library dissemination dublin core ejournal further education higher education html infrastructure metadata preservation resource discovery software web development web services Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 999 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: A Standards-Based Culture for Web Site Development http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue35/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> outlines strategies for choosing appropriate standards for building Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In <em>Ariadne</em> issue 33 the Web Focus column encouraged Web developers to "get serious about HTML standards" <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>. The article advocated use of XHTML and highlighted reasons why this was an important standard for Web developers.</p> <p>XHTML is just one of the standards which has been developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). W3C has also developed several standards for XML as well as standards in the area of hyperlinking, multimedia and graphics.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue35 tooled up brian kelly ietf iso microsoft ukoln university of bath w3c dublin core graphics html java javascript multimedia open source open standard preservation rtf scripting language software standards url web development xhtml xml Tue, 29 Apr 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 952 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk WebWatch: Surfing Historical UK University Web Sites http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue35/web-watch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> outlines strategies for choosing appropriate standards for building Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>It has been said that those who ignore history, are condemned to repeat it. In the Web world we can be so excited by new developments that we may forget approaches we have taken in the past and fail to learn from our mistakes. This article describes how the WayBack Machine <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a> was used to look at the history of UK University Web sites.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue35 tooled up brian kelly birkbeck college birmingham city university central school of speech and drama courtauld institute of art de montfort university edinburgh college of art glasgow school of art goldsmiths college google imperial college london kings college london leeds metropolitan university liverpool john moores university london business school london school of economics manchester metropolitan university nottingham trent university open university queens university belfast robert gordon university rose bruford college royal academy of music royal agricultural college royal college of art royal college of music royal conservatoire of scotland royal holloway royal northern college of music royal veterinary college royal welsh college of music and drama school of oriental and african studies south bank university surrey institute of art & design ukoln university college london university of bath university of cambridge university of central lancashire university of east london university of london university of oxford university of surrey university of the west of england university of wales university of west london internet archive archives browser digital preservation flash higher education internet explorer intranet java javascript preservation research search technology standards url wayback machine Tue, 29 Apr 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 953 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Interfaces to Web Testing Tools http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> looks at interfaces to Web testing tools, and in particular at Bookmarklets - simple extensions to browsers which enhance functionality.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the last issue of <em>Ariadne</em> the Web Focus column encouraged Web developers to "get serious about HTML standards" <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>. The article advocated use of XHTML and highlighted the importance of documents complying with standards.</p> <p>Many authors of Web resources would agree with this in principle, but find it difficult to implement in practice: use of validation tools seem to require launching a new application or going to a new location in a Web browser and copying and pasting a URL. This can be time-consuming and so is often not carried out.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 tooled up brian kelly alt google microsoft ukoln university of bath w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility apache browser css dom dublin core ejournal google search html internet explorer javascript metadata open source opera search technology standards url web browser web resources xhtml Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 931 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Watch: A Survey of Web Server Software Used by UK University Web Sites http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/web-watch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> with an update of his survey of server software used by central Web sites in UK Universities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>A survey of Web server software used on UK University Web sites was carried out in October 1997 and the findings were reported in <em>Ariadne</em> issue 12 <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>. The survey was repeated in September 2000 and the updated findings published in <em>Ariadne</em> issue 21 <a href="#ref-02">[2]</a>.</p> <p>The survey was repeated in November 2002 and the findings are published in this article.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 tooled up brian kelly apache software foundation birkbeck college birmingham city university central school of speech and drama courtauld institute of art de montfort university edinburgh college of art glasgow school of art goldsmiths college imperial college london kings college london leeds metropolitan university liverpool john moores university london business school london school of economics manchester metropolitan university microsoft ncsa nottingham trent university open university queens university belfast robert gordon university rose bruford college royal academy of music royal agricultural college royal college of art royal college of music royal conservatoire of scotland royal holloway royal northern college of music royal veterinary college royal welsh college of music and drama school of oriental and african studies south bank university surrey institute of art & design ukoln university college london university of bath university of cambridge university of central lancashire university of dundee university of east london university of london university of oxford university of surrey university of the west of england university of wales university of west london gnu apache browser cookie higher education interoperability linux php pics privacy research software url windows Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 932 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Let's Get Serious about HTML Standards http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> encourages authors to treat compliance with HTML standards seriously.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>If you talk to long-established Web authors or those responsible for managing large Web sites or developing Web applications intended for widespread use in a heterogeneous environment you are likely to find that the need for compliance with Web standards is well-understood.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brian kelly apple ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility adobe archives browser content management cookie dtd higher education html internet explorer interoperability linux mathml microsoft office namespace open source openoffice software standards url utf-8 web app web browser web development web resources web standards windows xhtml xml xslt Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 916 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Windows Explorer: The Index Server Companion http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/nt-explorer#author1">Brett Burridge</a> describes the Index Server Companion, an application he has created that allows Microsoft Index Server to index content from remote websites and ODBC databases.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Microsoft's Index Server is a service supplied with the Windows NT 4.0 Server and Windows 2000 Server products. The service indexes HTML and other content residing on the file system. These indexed files may be queried using a number of techniques, but of particular relevance to web developers is the ability to build completely customised search facilities based on Active Server Pages (ASP) by making use of Index Server's Component Object Model (COM) objects.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brett burridge microsoft oracle university of essex adobe apache browser cataloguing css data database doc e-business file sharing html ldap linux microsoft office mobile mysql open source operating system perl php plain text rtf samba search technology software sql sql server standards url web app web browser windows Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 917 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Watch: An Accessibility Analysis of UK University Entry Points http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/web-watch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> reports on the accessibility of entry points of UK University Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Special Educational Needs and Disability Act (SENDA) came into effect on 1 <sup>st</sup> September 2002. The Act removes the previous exemption of education from the Disability Discrimination Act (1995), ensuring that discrimination against disabled students will be unlawful. Institutions will incur additional responsibilities in 2003, with the final sections of legislation coming into effect in 2005 <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brian kelly alt bbc birkbeck college birmingham city university central school of speech and drama courtauld institute of art de montfort university edinburgh college of art glasgow school of art goldsmiths college imperial college london kings college london leeds metropolitan university liverpool john moores university london business school london school of economics manchester metropolitan university nottingham trent university open university queens university belfast robert gordon university rose bruford college royal academy of music royal agricultural college royal college of art royal college of music royal conservatoire of scotland royal holloway royal northern college of music royal veterinary college royal welsh college of music and drama school of oriental and african studies south bank university surrey institute of art & design ukoln university college london university of bath university of bristol university of cambridge university of central lancashire university of east london university of london university of oxford university of sheffield university of surrey university of the west of england university of wales university of west london w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility browser data dtd flash higher education html identifier javascript research software url web resources Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 918 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Report On The Sixth Institutional Web Management Workshop http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue32/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> with a report on the Sixth Institutional International Web Management Workshop held this year at the University of Strathclyde.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Institutional Web Management Workshop series is the main event organised by UK Web Focus. The workshop series began with a two-day event at King's College London in June 1997. The event has been repeated every year since then and, after the first event, was extended to a three-day format.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue32 tooled up brian kelly colchester institute de montfort university jisc kings college london queens university belfast robert gordon university ukoln university of aberdeen university of bath university of bristol university of glasgow university of strathclyde university of york accessibility authentication authentication service blog content management css framework further education higher education html infrastructure interoperability mis ms word open source portal research rss software usability video vle web development web services web standards xhtml Sun, 07 Jul 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 897 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk UM.Sitemaker: Flexible Web Publishing for Academic Users http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/maybaum <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue32/maybaum#author1">Jonathan Maybaum</a> explains how UM.SiteMaker was designed to fill an important gap in the array of tools to suit academic publishing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In an article published in this journal last year <a href="http://sitemaker.umich.edu/maybaum/files/ariadne-june-2002.html#ref_01">[1]</a>, Editor Philip Hunter observed that the extent of use of web publishing systems in universities is surprisingly low, considering the technical sophistication of most academic environments, and he discussed some reasons that might account for this circumstance.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/maybaum" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue32 tooled up jonathan maybaum apple jisc access control authentication cataloguing content management data database framework graphics html infrastructure intellectual property j2ee java open source operating system passwords research standards techwatch report url usability Sun, 07 Jul 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 898 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Watch: Revisiting 404 Error Pages in UK University Web Sites http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue32/web-watch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> revists 404 Error Pages in UK University Web Sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>A survey of 404 error pages on UK University Web sites was carried in June 1999 and the findings were reported in Ariadne issue 20 <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>. After a period of 2 years the survey has been repeated allowing trends to be identified. The findings are given in this article.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue32 tooled up brian kelly ukoln university of bath internet explorer mis url Sun, 07 Jul 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 899 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk