Overview of content related to 'doc' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/2120/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Trove: Innovation in Access to Information in Australia http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/holley <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue64/holley#author1">Rose Holley</a> describes a major development in the Australian national digital information infrastructure.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In late 2009 the National Library of Australia released version 1 of Trove [<a href="#1">1</a>] to the public. Trove is a free search engine. It searches across a large aggregation of Australian content. The treasure is over 90 million items from over 1000 libraries, museums, archives and other organisations which can be found at the click of a button. Finding information just got easier for many Australians. Exploring a wealth of resources and digital content like never before, including full-text books, journals and newspaper articles, images, music, sound, video, maps, Web sites, diaries, letters, archives, people and organisations has been an exciting adventure for users and the service has been heavily used. Finding and retrieving instantly information in context; interacting with content and social engagement are core features of the service. This article describes Trove features, usage, content building, and its applications for contributors and users in the national context.</p> <h2 id="Opportunities_for_Libraries">Opportunities for Libraries</h2> <p>I see tremendous opportunities for libraries this year because of advances in technology. The changes in technology mean that anyone can create, describe or recommend content, which means that many people and organisations are becoming librarians or libraries in their own way. Librarians should not be threatened or dismayed by this but rather encouraged, since it means that society is retaining its ongoing interest in the creation, organisation and dissemination of content, and we have an integral role to play in these developments. Libraries and librarians are relevant more than ever in this environment because we have vast amounts of data and information to share, a huge amount of information expertise, and an understanding of how technology can assist us in making information more accessible.</p> <p>We need to have new ideas and re-examine our old ideas to see how technology can help us. What things have we always wanted to do that we couldn't before, like providing a single point of access to all Australian information? Is this still pie in the sky or can we now achieve it? Libraries need to think big. As Charles Leadbeater would say 'Libraries need to think they are leading a mass movement, not just serving a clientele.' [<a href="#2">2</a>] Librarians are often thought of as gatekeepers with the emphasis being on closed access, but technology enables gatekeepers to open doors as well as close them and this is the opportunity I see. However many institutions will need to change their strategic thinking from control/shut to free/open before they can make this transition, and take a large dose of courage as well. The American author Harriet Rubin says, 'Freedom is actually a bigger game than power. Power is about what you can control. Freedom is about what you can unleash.' [<a href="#3">3</a>] The National Library of Australia already took this step forward in 2008 with the advent of the Australian Newspapers beta service, which opened up the raw text of digitised Australian newspapers to the public for improvement, without moderation on a mass scale [<a href="#4">4</a>]. With a long history of collaboration across the Australian cultural heritage sector [<a href="#5">5</a>] with regard to digitisation, storage, and service delivery, the National Library of Australia is well placed to take the lead with innovation in access to information.</p> <p>Some people may say, 'But isn't Google doing that, so why do we still need libraries?' There is no question in my mind that libraries are fundamentally different from Google and other similar services. Libraries are different to Google for these reasons: they commit to provide long-term preservation, curation and access to their content; they have no commercial motives in the provision of information (deemed by various library acts); they aim for universal access to everyone in society; and they are 'free for all'. To summarise: libraries are always and forever. Who can say that of a search engine, or of any commercial organisation, regardless of size?</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/holley" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue64 feature article rose holley amazon british library google national library of australia oai open library wikipedia aggregation api archives bibliographic data bibliographic database browser copyright curation data database digitisation dissemination doc dublin core facebook flickr ftp google books identifier infrastructure lucene marc metadata mysql national library oai-pmh ocr open archives initiative persistent identifier preservation research resource sharing rss search technology tagging twitter usability video youtube Thu, 29 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1563 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk eBooks: Tipping or Vanishing Point? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> investigates ebooks and takes a look at recent technological and business developments in this area.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Due in large part to the appearance since mid-2006 of increasingly affordable devices making use of e-Ink technology (a monochrome display supporting a high-resolution image despite low battery use, since the screen consumes power only during page refreshes, which in the case of ebooks generally represent page turns), the ebook has gone from a somewhat limited market into a real, although presently still niche, contender. Amazon sold 500,000 Kindles in 2008 [<a href="#1">1</a>]; Sony sold 300,000 of its Reader Digital Book model between October 2006 and October 2009. In September 2009, ebooks represented between 1% and 3% of the total US publishing market [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p>Following the JISC National eBooks Observatory Study [<a href="#3">3</a>] in the UK, one participant, David Nicolas, was quoted as stating that ebooks have 'reached the tipping point' [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Keeping in mind Bohr's statement that, 'prediction is very difficult, especially about the future', it's nonetheless safe to say that publicity about these devices is currently at a high point. But for ebook readers, as Figure 1 shows, this is not their first time in the spotlight.</p> <blockquote><p>"A good book has no ending. ~R.D. Cumming"</p></blockquote> <p>This article marks the third time that <em>Ariadne</em> has discussed the subject of ebooks, namely "Ebooks in UK Libraries: Where are we now?" [<a href="#5">5</a>] and "e-Books for the Future: Here But Hiding?" [<a href="#6">6</a>]. There is something very beguiling about the idea of a book that has 'the marvelous chameleon-like quality that it can very quickly be made to substitute for a different printed work by simply loading different content' [<a href="#7">7</a>] - a book that can play the role of a <em>library</em>.</p> <p>As Striphas [<a href="#8">8</a>] points out, the concept of the electronic book, and the exploration of the interaction between the size of a container and the quantity of knowledge held, has an extraordinarily long history. He traces the idea back to the creation of miniature manuscript books, composed of 'tiny handwriting, or micrographia', in the late 15th century, which were functional objects and could be read by means of a magnifying glass.</p> <p>Striphas notes the development of microphotography techniques in the 19th century. This was initially pioneered by John Benjamin Dancer, an optical instrument-maker who combined microscope and camera in order to create the earliest example of microphotography on record [<a href="#9">9</a>]. Luther reports that 'the 21 May 1853 issue of Notes and Queries carried a letter from a Dublin scholar asking "May not photography be usefully applied to the making of catalogues of large libraries?' Microphotography led to the report in the British <em>Photographic Journal</em> of, 'A page of printing, from Quekett's "Treatise on the Microscope", reduced to such size that the whole of the volume of 560 pages could be contained in a space one inch long and half-an-inch broad ' [<a href="#8">8</a>].</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article emma tonkin amazon american library association apple british library google international digital publishing forum iso jisc massachusetts institute of technology microsoft ukoln university of bath university of chicago wikipedia aac access control accessibility adobe android blog bmp cataloguing copyright data digital library doc document format drm ebook epub file format flac flash gif html hypertext infrastructure ipad iphone itunes jpeg jpg linux mis mobi mobile mobile phone mp3 ogg open access operating system plain text png research rtf search technology smartphone software standardisation standards tiff usb windows wireless Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1529 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The REMAP Project: Steps Towards a Repository-enabled Information Environment http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/green-awre <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/green-awre#author1">Richard Green</a> and <a href="/issue59/green-awre#author2">Chris Awre</a> investigate what role a repository can play in enabling and supporting the management and preservation of its own digital content.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- version 2 following receipt of authorial byline : REW --><!-- version 2 following receipt of authorial byline : REW --><p>This article describes the recently completed REMAP Project undertaken at the University of Hull, which has been a key step toward realising a larger vision of the role a repository can play in supporting digital content management for an institution. The first step was the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC)-funded RepoMMan Project that the team undertook between 2005 and 2007 [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/green-awre" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 feature article chris awre richard green glasgow caledonian university harvard university jisc kings college london stanford university the national archives university of hull university of virginia clif hydra jisc information environment remap project repomman archives browser content management data digital preservation doc droid dublin core fedora commons framework information architecture institutional repository metadata mods preservation repositories rss schema search technology software standards tiff url web services Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1466 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Assessing FRBR in Dublin Core Application Profiles http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/chaudhri <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue58/chaudhri#author1">Talat Chaudhri</a> makes a detailed assessment of the FRBR structure of the Dublin Core Application Profiles funded by JISC.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Efforts to create standard metadata records for resources in digital repositories have hitherto relied for the most part on the simple standard schema published by the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) [<a href="#1">1</a>], the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, more commonly known as 'simple Dublin Core' [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue58/chaudhri" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue58 feature article talat chaudhri jisc oai ukoln university of bath university of warwick geospatial application profile images application profile lmap tbmap application profile bibliographic data cataloguing copyright data data model dcap dcmi digital repositories doc domain model dspace dublin core dublin core metadata initiative eprints file format frbr geospatial data gis identifier interoperability metadata metadata model namespace oai-pmh open access rdf relax ng repositories research schema scholarly works application profile search technology simple dublin core software standards url video vocabularies xml Fri, 30 Jan 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1452 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The DARE Chronicle: Open Access to Research Results and Teaching Material in the Netherlands http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/waaijers <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/waaijers#author1">Leo Waaijers</a> reflects on four years of progress and also looks ahead.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>While Cream of Science (Keur der Wetenschap), Promise of Science and the HBO Knowledge Bank (HBO Kennisbank) are among the inspiring results of the DARE Programme for the period 2003-06, what is more important in the long run is the new infrastructure that enables Dutch Higher Education and research institutions to provide easy and reliable open access to research results and teaching material as quickly as possible. Such open access ought to be the standard in a knowledge-driven society, certainly if the material and data have been generated with public funding.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/waaijers" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 feature article leo waaijers d-lib magazine google jisc leiden university mpeg national library of the netherlands oai royal netherlands academy of arts and sciences sakai surffoundation university of utrecht digital academic repositories opendoar access control accessibility archives cataloguing copyright data database didl digital archive digital library digital preservation digital repositories dissemination doc dublin core framework higher education html ict identifier infrastructure institutional repository interoperability intranet knowledge base learning objects licence lucene metadata national library oai-ore oai-pmh open access open archives initiative open source portal preservation rae repositories research rss rtf search technology sharepoint software standards visualisation web 2.0 web portal xml Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1350 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk QMSearch: A Quality Metrics-aware Search Framework http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/krowne <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/krowne#author1">Aaron Krowne</a> and <a href="/issue47/krowne#author2">Urvashi Gadi</a> present a framework which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a 'quality metrics-aware' approach.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In this article we present a framework, QMSearch, which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a 'quality metrics-aware' approach. This means the digital library deployer or end-user can customise how results are presented, including aspects of both ranking and organisation in general, based upon standard metadata attributes and quality indicators derived from the general library information environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/krowne" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article aaron krowne urvashi gadi amazon d-lib magazine emory university google microsoft oai jisc information environment aggregation apache archives browser cache css data data mining data model database digital library doc dublin core fedora commons framework genetic algorithm google scholar html identifier information retrieval interoperability java javascript lucene metadata modelling open archives initiative open source provenance repositories research schema search technology software standards stylesheet usability video visualisation web browser xml xsl xslt Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1230 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Building OAI-PMH Harvesters With Net::OAI::Harvester http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/summers <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/summers#author1">Ed Summers</a> describes Net::OAI::Harvester, the Perl package for easily interacting with OAI-PMH repositories as a metadata harvester. Ed provides examples of how to use Net::OAI::Harvester to write short programs which execute each of the 6 OAI-PMH verbs.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Net::OAI::Harvester is a Perl package for easily interacting with OAI-PMH repositories as a metadata harvester. The article provides examples of how to use Net::OAI::Harvester to write short programs that execute each of the 6 OAI-PMH verbs. Issues related to efficient XML parsing of OAI-PMH responses are discussed, as are specific techniques used by Net::OAI::Harvester.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/summers" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article ed summers library of congress oai cpan archives data database doc dom dublin core ead identifier marc21 metadata mets mods oai-pmh open archives initiative perl programming language repositories schema url web app xml Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1005 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk WebWatch: How Accessible Are Australian University Web Sites? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/alexander <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/alexander#author1">Dey Alexander</a> reports on a recent study of the accessibility of Australian university Web sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article reports on a recent study of the accessibility of Australian university Web sites. A selection of key pages from all 45 Australian tertiary education Web sites were analysed to assess their compliance with basic accessibility standards, as required by Australian anti-discrimination legislation. The results--98% of sites failed to comply--suggest that Australian university Web sites are likely to present significant barriers to access for people with disabilities.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/alexander" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 regular column dey alexander alt australian national university griffith university microsoft monash university newcastle university queensland university of technology university of queensland university of southern queensland university of sydney w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility adobe browser css data data set doc document format flash gif graphics html identifier intellectual property internet explorer java javascript ocr operating system plain text research rtf software standards stylesheet url usability video wcag windows Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1012 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Windows Explorer: The Index Server Companion http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/nt-explorer#author1">Brett Burridge</a> describes the Index Server Companion, an application he has created that allows Microsoft Index Server to index content from remote websites and ODBC databases.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Microsoft's Index Server is a service supplied with the Windows NT 4.0 Server and Windows 2000 Server products. The service indexes HTML and other content residing on the file system. These indexed files may be queried using a number of techniques, but of particular relevance to web developers is the ability to build completely customised search facilities based on Active Server Pages (ASP) by making use of Index Server's Component Object Model (COM) objects.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brett burridge microsoft oracle university of essex adobe apache browser cataloguing css data database doc e-business file sharing html ldap linux microsoft office mobile mysql open source operating system perl php plain text rtf samba search technology software sql sql server standards url web app web browser windows Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 917 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk EEVL-ution to a Portal http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/eevl <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Roddy Macleod on the hub's 'EEVL-ution' to a portal.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="UKOLN-body"> <p><a href="http://www.eevl.ac.uk/">EEVL</a> is the Hub for engineering, mathematics and computing. It is an award-winning free service, which provides quick and reliable access to the best engineering, mathematics, and computing information available on the Internet. It is created and run by a team of information specialists from a number of universities and institutions in the UK, lead by Heriot Watt University.</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/eevl" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 regular column roddy macleod heriot-watt university jisc library association nottingham trent university ukoln university of birmingham w3c eevl failte bibliographic data bibliographic database cataloguing data database doc further education interoperability java metadata namespace personalisation portal rdf research resource discovery rss search technology standards syndication url xml z39.50 Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 875 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Windows NT Explorer http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/nt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/nt#author1">Brett Burridge</a> introduces his regular column on Windows NT with a description of Site Server's search facility.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="UKOLN-body"> <p>In this new column, I hope to bring users' attention to the value of employing Windows NT server technology within their institution. While Windows NT has its fair share of problems, there is no denying that the quality of server-side software available for this platform has improved enormously in the last 12 months.</p> <p>Kicking off, this article examines the use of Microsoft's Site Server 3.0 <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a> to provide a sophisticated web based search solution for your institution.</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/nt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 tooled up brett burridge microsoft university of essex adobe browser cataloguing database doc html java linux microsoft office schema search technology software standards url web development windows Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 595 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Extending Your Browser http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> on techniques for extending the capabilities of your browser.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="UKOLN-body"> <p>The WebWatch project <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>, which was based at UKOLN, involved the development and use of a variety of tools to analyse web resources and web servers. During the early development of the software, individual summaries (particularly of outliers in the statistical data) were often required in order to check that the software was working correctly. Initially summaries were obtained using simple Unix scripts. For example the <kbd>urlget</kbd> script displayed the HTTP headers for a resource as illustrated below:</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 tooled up brian kelly ukoln university of bath w3c accessibility apache browser copyright css data doc html javascript metadata rdf software telnet uri url web browser web resources web services xml Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 597 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk WebWatch: Conclusions from the WebWatch Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/webwatch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue19/webwatch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> sums up conclusions from the WebWatch Project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="UKOLN-body"> <p>The WebWatch project <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>, which was based at UKOLN, University of Bath and funded the the British Library Research and Innovation Centre (BLRIC), involved the development of robot software to analyse web resources in a variety of (mainly UK) communities. The project analysed several communities and has produced reports on the results. Following the successful completetion of the WebWatch project a final report has been produced. This article summarises the findings published in the report.</p> </div><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue19/webwatch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue19 tooled up brian kelly british library microsoft ncsa ukoln university of bath elib niss adobe apache browser data doc dublin core higher education html metadata ms word perl research software url web resources web services Fri, 19 Mar 1999 00:00:00 +0000 editor 598 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Metadata: BIBLINK.Checksum http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue17/biblink <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue17/biblink#author1">Ian Peacock</a> and <a href="/issue17/biblink#author2">Andy Powell</a> describe a proposed algorithm for calculating a checksum for Web pages.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue17/biblink" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue17 regular column andy powell ian peacock ukoln cpan algorithm authentication bibliographic data browser data doc dublin core ftp html identifier mac os marc metadata perl research sgml software stylesheet url web browser Fri, 18 Sep 1998 23:00:00 +0000 editor 536 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Internationalisation and the Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/trenches <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue9/trenches#author1">Jon Knight</a> looks at how the Web is currently undergoing the sometimes painful internationalization process required if it is to live up to its name of the World Wide Web.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue9/trenches" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue9 tooled up jon knight ansi ietf iso w3c ascii browser character encoding css doc dtd ftp graphics html hypertext i18n interoperability rfc software standardisation standards unicode url utf-16 utf-8 Sun, 18 May 1997 23:00:00 +0000 editor 325 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Netskills Corner: Beneath the Surface of Your Web Pages http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/netskills-corner <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue5/netskills-corner#author1">Brian Kelly</a> looks beneath the surface of HTML pages and provides advice on the design of the underlying directory structure.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Pick up a book or read an article on HTML design and what will you find: advice on the use of graphics in Web pages, using tables and providing animation in your pages using technologies such as animated GIFs and client-pull or server-push, use of plug-in software, such as Shockwave, or programming environments such as Java and ActiveX.</p> <p>There is, however, much more to the design of HTML pages than the appearance as seen by the end user. Of particular importance to the future maintenance of a large set of HTML pages is the underlying directory structure.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/netskills-corner" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue5 tooled up brian kelly microsoft ukoln university of bath database doc ftp graphics html hypertext java microsoft office software url web services windows Wed, 18 Sep 1996 23:00:00 +0000 editor 162 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk