Overview of content related to 'php' http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/2761/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Improving Evaluation of Resources through Injected Feedback Surveys http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/reese <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/reese#author1">Terry Reese</a> suggests a novel approach for providing intercept survey functionality for librarians looking to simplify the gathering of user feedback for library-provided materials.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Assessment of electronic resources has long proven a difficult challenge for librarians when looking to make collection development decisions.&nbsp; Often, these decisions are made by looking at usage statistics provided by the vendor, and through informal conversations with selected faculty within affected disciplines.&nbsp; The ability to capture point-of-use information from users remains a significant challenge for many institutions.&nbsp; The purpose of this paper will be to suggest a novel approach to providing intercept survey functionality for librarians looking to simplify the gath</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/reese" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 tooled up terry reese oclc ohio state university libraries oregon state university jusp worldcat apache api authentication cataloguing counting online usage of networked electronic resources css data data mining framework html infrastructure jquery metadata php research software standards sushi uri url visualisation Tue, 25 Jun 2013 19:12:22 +0000 lisrw 2450 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk SUSHI: Delivering Major Benefits to JUSP http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/meehan-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue70/meehan-et-al#author1">Paul Meehan</a>, <a href="/issue70/meehan-et-al#author2">Paul Needham</a> and <a href="/issue70/meehan-et-al#author3">Ross MacIntyre</a> explain the enormous time and cost benefits in using SUSHI to support rapid gathering of journal usage reports into the JUSP service.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>A full-scale implementation of the Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP) would not be possible without the automated data harvesting afforded by the Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) protocol. Estimated time savings in excess of 97% compared with manual file handling have allowed JUSP to expand its service to more than 35 publishers and 140 institutions by September 2012. An in-house SUSHI server also allows libraries to download quality-checked data from many publishers via JUSP, removing the need to visit numerous Web sites. The protocol thus affords enormous cost and time benefits for the centralised JUSP service and for all participating institutions. JUSP has also worked closely with many publishers to develop and implement SUSHI services, pioneering work to benefit both the publishers and the UK HE community.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP)" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue70-meehan-et-al/jusp-logo.png" style="width: 145px; height: 133px;" title="Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP)" /></p> <h2 id="JUSP:_Background_to_the_Service">JUSP: Background to the Service</h2> <p>The management of journal usage statistics can be an onerous task at the best of times. The introduction of the COUNTER [<a href="#1">1</a>] Code of Practice in 2002 was a major step forward, allowing libraries to collect consistent, audited statistics from publishers. By July 2012, 125 publishers offered the JR1 report, providing the number of successful full-text downloads. In the decade since COUNTER reports became available, analysis of the reports has become increasingly important, with library managers, staff and administrators increasingly forced to examine journal usage to inform and rationalise purchasing and renewal decisions.</p> <p>In 2004, JISC Collections commissioned a report [<a href="#2">2</a>] which concluded that there was a definite demand for a usage statistics portal for the UK HE community; with some sites subscribing to more than 100 publishers, just keeping track of access details and downloading reports was becoming a significant task in itself, much less analysing the figures therein. There followed a report into the feasibility of establishing a ‘Usage Statistics Service’ carried out by Key Perspectives Limited and in 2008 JISC issued an ITT (Invitation To Tender). By early 2009 a prototype service, known as the Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP) had been developed by a consortium including Evidence Base at Birmingham City University, Cranfield University, JISC Collections and Mimas at The University of Manchester; the prototype featured a handful of publishers and three institutions. However, despite a centralised service appearing feasible [<a href="#3">3</a>], the requirement to download and process data in spreadsheet format, and the attendant time taken, still precluded a full-scale implementation across UK HE.</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="COUNTER" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue70-meehan-et-al/counter-header.png" style="width: 640px; height: 45px;" title="COUNTER" /></p> <p>Release 3 of the COUNTER Code of Practice in 2009 however mandated the use of the newly-introduced Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) protocol [<a href="#4">4</a>], a mechanism for the machine-to-machine transfer of COUNTER-compliant reports; this produced dramatic efficiencies of time and cost in the gathering of data from publishers. The JUSP team began work to implement SUSHI for a range of publishers and expanded the number of institutions. By September 2012, the service had grown significantly, whilst remaining free at point of use, and encompassed 148 participating institutions, and 35 publishers. To date more than 100 million individual points of data have been collected by JUSP, all via SUSHI, a scale that would have been impossible without such a mechanism in place or without massive additional staff costs.</p> <p>JUSP offers much more than basic access to publisher statistics, however; the JUSP Web site [<a href="#5">5</a>] details the numerous reports and analytical tools on offer, together with detailed user guides and support materials. The cornerstone of the service though is undeniably its SUSHI implementation, both in terms of gathering the COUNTER JR1 and JR1a data and - as developed more recently - its own SUSHI server, enabling institutions to re-harvest data into their own library management tools for local analysis.</p> <h2 id="JUSP_Approach_to_SUSHI_Development_and_Implementation">JUSP Approach to SUSHI Development and Implementation</h2> <p>Once the decision was made to scale JUSP into a full service, the development of SUSHI capability became of paramount importance. The team had been able to handle spreadsheets of data on a small scale, but the expected upscale to 100+ institutions and multiple publishers within a short time frame meant that this would very quickly become unmanageable and costly in staff time and effort - constraints that were proving to be a source of worry at many institutions too: while some sites could employ staff whose role revolved around usage stats gathering and analysis, this was not possible at every institution, nor especially straightforward for institutions juggling dozens, if not hundreds, of publisher agreements and deals.</p> <p>Two main issues were immediately apparent in the development of the SUSHI software. Firstly, there was a lack of any standard SUSHI client software that we could use or adapt, and, more worryingly, the lack of SUSHI support at a number of major publishers. While many publishers use an external company or platform such as Atypon, MetaPress or HighWire to collect and provide usage statistics, others had made little or no progress in implementing SUSHI support by late 2009 - where SUSHI servers were in place these were often untested or unused by consumers.</p> <p>An ultimate aim for JUSP was to develop a single piece of software that would seamlessly interact with any available SUSHI repository and download data for checking and loading into JUSP. However, the only client software available by 2009 was written and designed to work in the Windows environment, or used Java, which can be very complex to work with and of which the JUSP team had limited expertise. The challenge therefore became to develop a much simpler set of code using Perl and/or PHP, common and simple programming languages which were much more familiar to the JUSP team.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/meehan-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue70 feature article paul meehan paul needham ross macintyre birmingham city university cranfield university elsevier intute jisc jisc collections mimas niso university of manchester university of oxford jusp nesli pirus2 zetoc archives authentication csv data data set database digital library dublin core html identifier interoperability java multimedia openurl passwords perl php portal raptor repositories research shibboleth software standards sushi windows xml Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:54:19 +0000 lisrw 2396 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Moving Ariadne: Migrating and Enriching Content with Drupal http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue69/bunting#author1">Thom Bunting</a> explains some of the technology behind the migration of <em>Ariadne</em> (including more than 1600 articles from its back issues archive) onto a Drupal content management platform.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Tools and strategies for content management are a perennial topic in <em>Ariadne. </em> With&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=" title="Link to overview of articles including references to 'content management'">more than one hundred articles</a>&nbsp;touching on content management system (CMS) technologies or techniques since this online magazine commenced publication in 1996,&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;attests to continuing interest in this topic. Authors have discussed this topic within various contexts, from&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=intranet&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to articles discussing 'content management', within 'intranet' context">intranets</a> to&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/repositories?article-type=&amp;term=content+management&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles referring to 'content management', within 'repositories' context">repositories</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="/category/buzz/content-management?article-type=&amp;term=web+2.0&amp;organisation=&amp;project=&amp;author=&amp;issue=#content-overview" title="Link to overview of articles discussing 'content management', within context of Web 2.0">Web 2.0</a>, &nbsp;with some notable&nbsp;<a href="/sites/all/datacharts/hc/72-chart-wp.html#timeline" title="Link to timeline: articles referring to 'content management'">surges in references to 'content management' between 2000 and 2005</a>&nbsp;(see Figure 1 below). &nbsp;Although levels of discussion are by no means trending, over recent years it is clear that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> authors have taken note of and written about content management tools and techniques on a regular basis.&nbsp;</p> <p>In the light of this long-established interest, it is noteworthy that&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em> itself migrated into a content management system only recently. Although the formatting of its articles did change a few times since 1996, <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;remained 'hand-coded' for more than fifteen years. &nbsp;None of its articles had been migrated into a database-driven content management system until March 2012, when&nbsp;<a href="/issue68" title="Link to table of contents for Ariadne issue 68">issue 68</a>&nbsp;was published.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>As mentioned in the&nbsp;<a href="/issue68/editorial1" title="Editorial introduction: Welcome to New Ariadne">editorial introduction</a>&nbsp;to that first issue, launching the new content management arrangements, and as discussed in some more detail below (see 'Technical challenges in content migration'), the considerable size of&nbsp;<em>Ariadne</em>'s archive of back issues was daunting. &nbsp;With <a href="/articles" title="Overview of more than 1600 articles in Ariadne">more than 1600 articles</a>&nbsp;in hand-coded 'flat'-html formats,&nbsp;the process of migration itself required careful planning to result in a seamless, graceful transition into an entirely new content management arrangement. &nbsp;Over time, the sheer size of the <em>Ariadne</em> corpus had made it both increasingly rich in content and increasingly more challenging to convert retrospectively into a database-driven CMS as the total number of articles published within this online magazine steadily expanded.&nbsp;</p> <p>In looking back over the recent process of migrating <em>Ariadne</em> onto a CMS platform, this article discusses some tools and techniques used to prepare content for transfer, testing, and then re-launch. &nbsp;After explaining some of the background to and objectives of this work, this article focuses on key features of content management supported by Drupal.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center; "><img alt="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue69-bunting/content%20management-timeline.png" style="height: 453px; width: 500px; " title="Figure 1: Timeline of references in Ariadne to content management" /></p> <p style="text-align: center; "><strong>Figure 1: Ariadne timeline of references to content management</strong></p> <h2 id="Requirements_Analysis:_Planning_the_Way_Forward">Requirements Analysis: Planning the Way Forward</h2> <p>Based on surveys of readers and authors conducted in late 2010, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team analysed the range of feedback, drew up sets of re-development requirements, and then considered the options available.</p> <p>The following table provides an overview of key findings regarding the range of enhanced functionality and features considered:</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Overview of findings derived from survey responses</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>enhanced functionality or feature</em></td> <td style="text-align: center; "><em>interest recorded in surveys</em></td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by keywords</td> <td>73.4% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>updated look and feel</td> <td>62.3% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by title</td> <td>50.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>enhanced use of search engine</td> <td>48.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved display for portable devices</td> <td>34.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>more summative information on articles</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved navigability from article level</td> <td>32.1% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved social media options</td> <td>29.5% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>browsing by author</td> <td>28.0% of respondents</td> </tr> <tr> <td>improved RSS feeds</td> <td>27.0% of respondents</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>In addition to these findings derived from surveys, the management team also recognised the need for some other functionalities to support monitoring of <em>Ariadne</em>'s on-going engagement with various domains and institutions across the UK and beyond.</p> <table align="center" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" id="500wtable" style="width: 500px; "> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><strong>Additional features to support monitoring of engagement</strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; ">identification of author domains (higher education, further education, research, commercial, etc)</td> <td style="text-align: left; ">to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach across various sectors</td> </tr> <tr> <td>identification of authors by organisation</td> <td>to support analysis of <em>Ariadne</em> connections and reach in UK and worldwide</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>Taking into account the key findings derived from survey questions as well as the additional functionality identified as useful in monitoring UK and worldwide engagement, the <em>Ariadne</em>&nbsp;management team drew up sets of re-development requirements and considered how to proceed.&nbsp;Migration into a content management system represented the obvious way forward, as it became clear that <em>Ariadne</em>'s&nbsp;previous tradition of 'hand-coded' production (dating from the early days of the Web) had little chance of coping gracefully with the new sets of requirements.</p> <p>In a review of CMS options available, it also became clear that&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drupal" title="Wikipedia article: Drupal">Drupal</a>&nbsp;[<a href="#1">1</a>] was well positioned as a content management system (or, emphasising its highly modular and extensible design, <em>content management framework </em>&nbsp;[<a href="#2">2</a>] ) to supply required functionality and features.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue69/bunting" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue69 tooled up thom bunting ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath datagovuk gnu wikipedia apache api archives bibliographic data content licence content management css data data set database drupal framework further education graphics higher education html identifier jquery json licence linux metadata mysql open source perl php preservation python rdf repositories research rss search technology software sql server sqlite standards taxonomy usability video visualisation web 2.0 xml Fri, 27 Jul 2012 16:47:36 +0000 lisrw 2348 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Adapting VuFind as a Front-end to a Commercial Discovery System http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/seaman <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue68/seaman#author1">Graham Seaman</a> describes the adaptation of an open source discovery tool, VuFind, to local needs, discusses the decisions which needed to be made in the process, and considers the implications of this process for future library discovery systems.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>VuFind is an open source discovery system originally created by Villanova University near Philadelphia [<a href="#1">1</a>] and now supported by Villanova with the participation in development of libraries around the world. It was one of the first next-generation library discovery systems in the world, made possible by the open source Solr/Lucene text indexing and search system which lies at the heart of VuFind (Solr also underlies several of the current commercial offerings, including Serials Solutions' Summon and ExLibris' Primo).</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue68/seaman" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue68 tooled up graham seaman google minnesota state colleges and universities national library of australia royal holloway serials solutions university of london villanova university western michigan university worldcat ajax api archives authentication cataloguing data database ejournal free software identifier institutional repository library catalogs library management systems lucene marc metadata mysql national library oai-pmh opac open source openurl php repositories resource discovery restful ruby search technology sfx software solr standards usability vufind wiki Fri, 09 Mar 2012 14:06:59 +0000 lisrw 2226 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk UK Reading Experience Database http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/reading-exp-db-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/reading-exp-db-rpt#author1">Bethan Ruddock</a> reports from the launch event for the UK Reading Experience Database, held at the Betty Boothroyd Library, the Open University, Milton Keynes, on 24 February 2011.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- start main content --><!-- start main content --><!-- v.3 with author's final edits rew --><!-- v.3 with author's final edits rew --><p>I was invited down to the Open University (OU) Betty Boothroyd Library in Milton Keynes for the launch of the UK Reading Experience Database (UK RED) [<a href="#1">1</a>]. I had been asked to attend to talk about the LOCAH Project and Linked Data, but I was also looking forward to learning about the RED Project.</p> <p>This was the first of two launch days, and was designed for librarians, archivists, and information managers. A second launch day for teachers in Higher Education was to be held in London the next day.</p> <h2 id="What_Is_UK_RED">What Is UK RED?</h2> <p>The tagline for UK RED is 'the experience of reading in Britain from 1450 to 1945', and the database brings together reading experiences, making them both searchable and browsable. What is a reading experience? It is evidence of anyone alive between the mid-15th and 20thcenturies having read and interacted with a book or other piece of writing, such as magazines, newspapers, letters - even playbills and advertisements. Ownership alone is not enough; there must be something to show that the person in question actually read the work or at least part of it.</p> <p>This information can be found in a number of places - a printed book review would be an obvious example. The RED team also find many entries in diaries. Such entries can range from simple lists of books that someone has read over the course of a year, to detailed descriptions of when and where they read a particular book, and how they felt about it. Often diary entries are not actually about the book; it is mentioned in passing and in the context of a number of other activities.</p> <p>While the owner's name on the flyleaf is not itself enough to justify a 'reading experience', annotations to the text are, as they show that the person has actually interacted with the text. Of course, you then have to consider whether the person whose name is on the flyleaf is the same as the person doing the annotating!</p> <p>RED is much more than a list of 'people who have read books'. The database aims to bring out as much information as possible about the reading experience. The interface to submit a new entry allows you to specify where the reading was taking place, all the way down to a particular room in a particular house. It also aims to identify if the reading was silent or aloud, alone or with other people; whether the book was owned by the reader, a library book, borrowed, or even stolen. All these data are then used to build up a rich database of information on who was reading what (and how!) in Britain.</p> <p>UK RED is not just concerned with reading experiences within Britain: team members also look at the reading experiences of citizens abroad. <strong>Edmund King</strong>, Research Associate, Reading Experience Database, OU, told us that, as a consequence, there are fascinating examples of what captured British soldiers were reading in prisoner-of-war (POW) camps as well as examples of what they were not allowed to read. Books in Welsh and Pakistani were banned, as well as atlases and anything about the Russian revolution. I do not know if there are corresponding records for what prisoners in UK POW camps were forbidden to read, but it would be very interesting to find out.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/reading-exp-db-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 event report bethan ruddock ahrc eduserv jisc mimas newcastle university open university talis ukoln university of manchester university of oxford archives hub dbpedia locah lucero wikipedia apache archives bibliographic data blog cataloguing copac copyright data data set database dissemination flickr higher education intellectual property linked data linux open source php provenance research software sparql sql twitter video Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1629 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Characterising and Preserving Digital Repositories: File Format Profiles http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant#author1">Steve Hitchcock</a> and <a href="/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant#author2">David Tarrant</a> show how file format profiles, the starting point for preservation plans and actions, can also be used to reveal the fingerprints of emerging types of institutional repositories.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue66/hitchcock-tarrant" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue66 feature article david tarrant steve hitchcock amazon google harvard university jisc microsoft mpeg the national archives university of illinois university of northampton university of southampton university of the arts london wellcome library jisc information environment keepit wikipedia accessibility adobe archives bibliographic data blog cloud computing css csv curation data data management database digital curation digital preservation digital repositories dissemination document format droid eprints file format flash flash video framework gif graphics html hypertext identifier institutional repository java jpeg latex linked data metadata mpeg-1 open access open source photoshop php plain text preservation quicktime repositories research schema semantic web software standards vector graphics video web 2.0 wiki windows windows media xml xml schema Sun, 30 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1608 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Mobilising the Internet Detective http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/massam-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/massam-et-al#author1">Diana Massam</a>, <a href="/issue63/massam-et-al#author2">Andrew Priest</a> and <a href="/issue63/massam-et-al#author3">Caroline Williams</a> describe a recent project to adapt the online Internet Detective tutorial, to deliver a user-friendly mobile site which reflects their market research into user preferences for mobile content.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>'The mobile phone is undoubtedly [a] strong driving force, a behaviour changer…Library users will soon be demanding that every interaction can take place via the cell phone' [<a href="#1">1</a>]</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/massam-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 feature article andrew priest caroline williams diana massam apple google intute jisc mimas ukoln university of manchester w3c devcsi jisc information environment mobile internet detective transcoder accessibility aggregation android blog browser css data e-learning facebook google docs higher education information architecture ipad iphone java linked data mobi mobile mobile learning mobile phone mp3 open source opera php podcast programming language repositories research search technology sms software stylesheet video web development wireless Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1540 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Balancing Stakeholder Needs: Archive 2.0 As Community-centred Design http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/ridolfo-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/ridolfo-et-al#author1">Jim Ridolfo</a>, <a href="/issue63/ridolfo-et-al#author2">William Hart-Davidson</a> and <a href="/issue63/ridolfo-et-al#author3">Michael McLeod</a> present a case example on building a digital archive with cultural and scholarly stakeholder groups - to provide a model for balancing stakeholder needs.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v5. 2010-05-25 revised to accommodate improved images figs 1 & 2 REW --><!-- v5. 2010-05-25 revised to accommodate improved images figs 1 & 2 REW --><p>Archive 2.0 is relatively new concept for us, one that we have only worked with since 2007 and the beginning of our Samaritan Digital Archive Project at Michigan State University (MSU). Our project started with the intention of building a digital archive; the Archive 2.0 nature of the project surfaced when we realised that in order to build a useful archive, we would need to engage multiple stakeholder communities. In our project this meant working with the cultural stakeholders, the Samaritans, as well as academic stakeholders, including Samaritan and Biblical scholars. Initially we thought that applying Web 2.0 technologies such as social networking, image tagging, etc, to a digital archive would be our most important contribution to the project. As the project unfolded and we identified stakeholder needs more precisely however, we realised that our role was as much about balancing stakeholders' representational needs as much as it was about the application of Web 2.0 technologies.</p> <p>The project began in December of 2007 when Writing in Digital Environments (WIDE) Research Center [<a href="#1">1</a>] Research Assistant Jim Ridolfo was browsing the digital MSU Special Collections catalogue, and discovered the library index for the MSU Chamberlain-Warren collection of Samaritan texts. While investigating the history of the collection, Ridolfo learnt that in 2003 a Samaritan elder had travelled to MSU and had spoken to the Board of Trustees. The elder, Binyamim Tsedaka, had 'encouraged the university to utilise the collection to promote Samaritan studies.' [<a href="#2">2</a>] On learning of Tsedaka's speech, Ridolfo e-mailed Tsedaka and enquired about the community's possible interest in collaborating on a digitisation project. Tsedaka responded with his full blessing and an offer of collaboration [<a href="#3">3</a>].</p> <h2 id="Who_Are_the_Samaritans">Who Are the Samaritans?</h2> <p>The Samaritans have existed as a community for thousands of years. They are an ancient biblical people living primarily in Holon, Israel and Mt. Gerizim, West Bank. Their Torah is similar in content to that of Jewish people, but with several major theological differences. For example, the Samaritan Torah maintains that Mt. Gerizim rather than Jerusalem is holy. The Samaritan Pentateuch also contains thousands of textual differences from the Masoretic Hebrew text; consequently, their theological interpretations and practices differ from common Jewish interpretations and traditions. In addition, the script of the Samaritan Torah is written in Samaritan Hebrew, which includes a unique script, pronunciation scheme, and grammar. Starting at a very early age, all Samaritan children learn to read, write, and chant in Samaritan Hebrew.</p> <p>The Samaritan community includes 712 members, with approximately half the population living in Holon, Israel, and the other half living in the Mt. Gerizim village of Kiryat Luza. The community in Holon speaks Modern Hebrew as a first language, while the community in Kiryat Luza speaks Palestinian Arabic as a first language. The Samaritans living in Kiryat Luza maintain a delicate relationship with the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority. Being few in number and vulnerable to larger political trends, they seek a peaceful relationship with both authorities. For example, the residents of Kiryat Luza possess both Palestinian Authority and Israeli passports, vote in both elections, and work, travel, and study on both sides of the Green Line. Since the Samaritans of Holon and Kiryat Luza commemorate all festivals, holidays, and life cycle celebrations together on Mt. Gerizim, they are very keen to maintain contact between both communities [<a href="#4">4</a>][<a href="#5">5</a>].</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/ridolfo-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 feature article jim ridolfo michael mcleod william hart-davidson michigan state university university of cincinnati archives cataloguing database digital archive digitisation facebook framework metadata mysql php portal research software tagging usability web 2.0 web portal Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1544 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: Xerxes at Royal Holloway, University of London http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author1">Anna Grigson</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author2">Peter Kiely</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author3">Graham Seaman</a> and <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author4">Tim Wales</a> describe the implementation of an open source front end to the MetaLib federated search tool.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><p>Rarely is software a purely technical issue, though it may be marketed as 'technology'. Software is embedded in work, and work patterns become moulded around it. Thus the use of a particular package can give rise to an inertia from which it can be hard to break free.</p> <p>Moreover, when this natural inertia is combined with data formats that are opaque or unique to a particular system, the organisation can become locked in to that system, a potential victim of the pricing policies or sluggish adaptability of the software provider. The speed of change in the information world in recent years, combined with the actual or expected crunch in library funding, has made this a particular issue for library management system (LMS) users. While there is general agreement on the direction to take - more 'like Google' - LMS suppliers' moves in this direction can prove both slow and expensive for the user.</p> <p>Open source software has often been suggested as an alternative, but the nature of lock-in means that the jump from proprietary to open system can be all or nothing; in effect too big (and complex) a risk to take. No major UK university libraries have yet moved to Koha, Evergreen, or indeed any open source LMS [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p>The alternative, which brings its own risks, is to take advantage of the pressures on LMS suppliers to make their own systems more open, and to use open source systems 'around the edges' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. This has the particular benefit of creating an overall system which follows the well-established design practice of creating a clean separation of 'view' (typically the Web interface) from 'model' (here the LMS-managed databases) and 'controller' (the LMS core code). The 'view' is key to the user experience of the system, and this separation gives the ability to make rapid changes or to integrate Web 2.0 features quickly and easily, independently of the system back-end. The disadvantage of this approach is that it is relatively fragile, being dependent on the willingness of the LMS supplier to provide a detailed and stable application programming interface (API).</p> <p>There are several current examples of this alternative approach. Some, like the Vufind OPAC, allow the use of plug-ins which adapt the software to a range of different LMSs. Others, like Xerxes, are specialised front-ends to a single system (MetaLib from ExLibris [<a href="#3">3</a>]). This has an impact on evaluating the software: in particular, the pool of active developers is likely to be smaller in the latter case.</p> <h2 id="Royal_Holloway_Library_Services">Royal Holloway Library Services</h2> <p>Within this general context, Royal Holloway Library Services were faced with a specific problem. The annual National Student Survey had given ratings to the Library well below those expected, with many criticisms centred on the difficulty in using the Library's MetaLib federated search system.</p> <p>MetaLib is a key access point to the Library's e-resources, incorporating both A-Z lists of major online databases available to library users, and a federated search tool. Feedback showed that many users found the interface less than satisfactory, with one user commenting that:</p> <blockquote><p><em>'MetaLib is possibly the worst and most confusing library interface I have ever come across'</em></p></blockquote> <p>The Library Management Team decided to remedy this as a matter of urgency and set a deadline of the start of the 2009 Autumn term. There was no funding available to acquire an alternative discovery system so the challenge was to identify a low-cost, quick-win solution for the existing one. With this work in mind, the incoming Associate Director (E-Strategy) had already recruited two new colleagues over the Summer vacation: a systems officer with Web development experience, the other an experienced e-resources manager.</p> <p>The first possible route to the improvement of MetaLib was modification of the existing MetaLib Web interface. This was technically possible but presented several major difficulties: the underlying ExLibris designs were based on the old HTML 4.0 and pre-dated current stylesheet-based design practice; the methods to adapt the designs were opaque and poorly documented, based on numbered variables with semantics that changed depending on context; and perhaps most importantly, the changes were to be made over the summer months, giving no time for user feedback on the details of the changes to be made.</p> <p>The second possibility was the use of Xerxes [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Xerxes offered the advantage of an interface design which had been user-tested on a range of (US) campuses, partially solving the user feedback issue. It was not, however, entirely cost-free, as ExLibris charges an annual maintenance fee for the MetaLib X-server API on which Xerxes depends.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article anna grigson graham seaman peter kiely tim wales google jisc jisc collections kingston university microsoft royal holloway sconul university of london gnu api authentication data database ebook ejournal free software gpl html interoperability library management systems licence linux mysql opac open source php portal refworks repositories research search technology sfx software solaris standards stylesheet vufind web 2.0 web development web services wiki xml xslt Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1525 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Ajax in Oracle JDeveloper http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue61/cliff-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue61/cliff-rvw#author1">Pete Cliff</a> finds aspects of this work useful and interesting, but he also expresses some serious reservations.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Asynchronous Javascript and XML (AJAX) programming technique enables one to update parts of a Web site without reloading the entire page. So useful is it that AJAX is turning up all over the Web, including on my own Web-based archival interfaces; so it was timely that I should be asked to review <em>Ajax in Oracle JDeveloper</em>.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue61/cliff-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue61 review pete cliff google oracle university of oxford ajax apache api atom cd-rom database framework google books java javascript operating system php rss software windows xml Fri, 30 Oct 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1518 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Pro Web 2.0 Mashups http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/levan-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/levan-rvw#author1">Ralph LeVan</a> looks at a comprehensive work on how to consume and repurpose Web services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2; final editing from re-read --><!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2; final editing from re-read --><p>Raymond Yee has produced a comprehensive book on how to consume and repurpose Web services, even for Web sites that do not intentionally expose Web services. The book is broken into four sections; understanding how to use Web content, understanding Web services, combining the data from multiple services (mashups) and detailed examples of specific mashup opportunities.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/levan-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 review ralph levan google microsoft oclc ajax api atom blog data flickr google maps javascript json mashup microformats microsoft office openoffice php python research rss search technology soap syndication tagging url web 2.0 web services xml Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1446 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Institutional Web Management Workshop 2008: The Great Debate http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/iwmw-2008-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue56/iwmw-2008-rpt#author1">Adrian Tribe</a> reports on a three-day conference designed for professionals involved in the provision of institutional Web services, organised by UKOLN and held at King's College, University of Aberdeen in July 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>'Aberdeen??!! Make sure you take some woolly jumpers and a sou'wester then.'</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/iwmw-2008-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue56 event report adrian tribe british antarctic survey edge hill university eduserv google jisc microsoft ukoln university of aberdeen university of bath university of birmingham university of bradford university of glasgow university of kent university of london university of southampton iwmw accessibility api archives blog browser content management css data facebook flash flickr framework google analytics google docs google maps higher education institutional repository javascript mashup microformats mobile open source personalisation php portal preservation repositories research rss schema search technology second life social networks software twitter usability video web 2.0 web app web development web services wiki wordpress xcri xcri-cap xml xml schema youtube Tue, 29 Jul 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1414 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Intute Integration http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/joyce-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author1">Angela Joyce</a>, <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author2">Jackie Wickham</a>, <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author3">Phil Cross</a> and <a href="/issue55/joyce-et-al#author4">Chris Stephens</a> describe Intute's ongoing Integration Project, which is promoting and developing integration of Intute content in the UK academic library community.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The evolution of the Web has changed the way that people access information. Web 2.0 technologies have allowed information providers to integrate their services in people's existing online spaces, and users expect to be able to synthesise, edit and customise content for their own specific purposes. Intute, the JISC-funded service that aims to offer the best of the Web for Higher and Further Education, has responded to these changes by developing a variety of integration services which offer flexible ways of delivering its content to users.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/joyce-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article angela joyce chris stephens jackie wickham phil cross amazon cilip google intute jisc microsoft nhs oai ukoln university of bristol university of leeds university of nottingham university of oxford university of the west of england accessibility api blog browser cataloguing cloud computing content management css data database dublin core e-learning facebook firefox further education html internet explorer javascript linux marc metadata mysql oai-pmh open standard perl personalisation php plain text research resource discovery rss search technology software sru standards tag cloud url utf-8 web 2.0 web resources xml z39.50 Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1389 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk SWORD: Simple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/allinson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author1">Julie Allinson</a>, <a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author2">Sebastien Francois</a> and <a href="/issue54/allinson-et-al#author3">Stuart Lewis</a> describe the JISC-funded SWORD Project which has produced a lightweight protocol for repository deposit.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54/allinson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue54 feature article julie allinson sebastien francois stuart lewis aberystwyth university cetis jisc microsoft oai oclc open knowledge initiative ukoln university of bath university of southampton university of york jisc information environment repositories research team sword project apache api application profile archives atom authentication blog data data set digital library dissemination dspace eprints facebook fedora commons gif interoperability java jpeg ldap learning objects licence metadata mets namespace oai-ore open access open archives initiative open source osid passwords perl php preservation repositories rfc scholarly works application profile search technology software sru standards sword protocol syndication tagging url web app web resources web services wiki xml zip Wed, 30 Jan 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1366 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Book Review: Mastering Regular Expressions, 3rd Edition http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> and <a href="/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw#author2">Greg Tourte</a> take a look at the new edition of an O'Reilly classic.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_Needles_Haystacks_and_Magnets">Introduction: Needles, Haystacks and Magnets</h2> <p>Since the early days of metadata, powerful textual search methods have been, as Wodehouse's Wooster might have put it, 'of the essence'. Effective use of search engines is all about understanding the use of the rich query syntax supported by that particular software. Examples include the use of Boolean logic (AND, OR and NOT), and wildcards, such as <em><strong>*</strong></em> and <em><strong>?</strong></em>.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue53/tonkin-tourte-rvw" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue53 review emma tonkin greg tourte google oreilly ukoln university of bristol archives ascii csv data database digital library eprints html interoperability java metadata perl php programming language search technology software text mining url Tue, 30 Oct 2007 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1363 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Capacity Building: Spoken Word at Glasgow Caledonian University http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/wallace-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue52/wallace-et-al#author1">Iain Wallace</a>, <a href="/issue52/wallace-et-al#author2">Graeme West</a> and <a href="/issue52/wallace-et-al#author3">David Donald</a> give an account of the origins, nature and establishment of Spoken Word Services at Glasgow Caledonian University.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>At Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU) the <em>Spoken Word</em> [<a href="#1">1</a>], a project in the JISC / NSF Digital Libraries in the Classroom (DLiC) programme [<a href="#2">2</a>], was conceived in 2001-2002 in response to a set of pedagogical and institutional imperatives. A small group of social scientists had, since the 1990s, been promoting the idea of using 'an information technology-intensive learning environment' to recapture some of the traditional aspirations of Scottish Higher Education, in particular independent, critical and co-operative learning [<a href="#3">3</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue52/wallace-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue52 feature article david donald graeme west iain wallace apple bbc edina glasgow caledonian university google jisc michigan state university mpeg sakai staffordshire university university of chicago university of hull university of oxford university of strathclyde dlic remap project repomman vsm wikipedia accessibility adobe archives atom authentication bibliographic data browser cataloguing copyright curation data data set database digital library digital media digital preservation digital repositories digitisation dissemination dublin core fedora commons flash flash video google scholar higher education identifier infrastructure institutional repository interoperability java javascript learning objects licence lom metadata mp3 multimedia mysql open access open data open source php plone podcast portal preservation provenance repositories research rss search technology software standards streaming tagging uk lom core url usability video wav web browser web services wiki xml Sun, 29 Jul 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1334 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk OpenID: Decentralised Single Sign-on for the Web http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/powell-recordon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue51/powell-recordon#author1">Andy Powell</a> and <a href="/issue51/powell-recordon#author2">David Recordon</a> take a brief look at OpenID and ask what relevance it has to e-learning.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/powell-recordon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 feature article andy powell david recordon becta eduserv jisc microsoft verisign ples wikipedia authentication blog browser e-learning firefox foaf framework hcard infrastructure microformats openid passwords php python research ruby shibboleth social networks standards technorati url wayf web 2.0 wiki wordpress zend framework zip Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1314 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Introducing UnAPI http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/chudnov-et-al#author1">Dan Chudnov</a> and a team of colleagues describe unAPI, a tiny HTTP API for serving information objects in next-generation Web applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Common Web tools and techniques cannot easily manipulate library resources. While photo sharing, link logging, and Web logging sites make it easy to use and reuse content, barriers still exist that limit the reuse of library resources within new Web services. [<a href="#1">1</a>][<a href="#2">2</a>] To support the reuse of library information in Web 2.0-style services, we need to allow many types of applications to connect with our information resources more easily. One such connection is a universal method to copy any resource of interest.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article dan chudnov ed summers jeremy frumkin michael j. giarlo mike rylander peter binkley ross singer amazon andrew w mellon foundation ansi ciac d-lib magazine georgia institute of technology google library of congress microsoft mpeg national science foundation niso oai oregon state university university of alberta university of washington yale university apache api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing data database didl digital library dublin core fedora commons firefox flickr foaf framework google books html identifier interoperability javascript json library management systems metadata microformats mods namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative openurl php plain text rdf repositories rfc rss ruby schema search technology software sru srw standards syndication uri url web 2.0 web app web browser web services wiki wordpress xml xslt z39.50 z39.88 Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1248 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Fedora Users Conference http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/fedora-users-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/fedora-users-rpt#author1">Chris Awre</a> and <a href="/issue48/fedora-users-rpt#author2">Richard Green</a> report from the Fedora Users Conference, a two-day meeting for users of the open source Fedora repository system held at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia, USA, over 19-20 June 2006.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/fedora-users-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 event report chris awre richard green cornell university fiz karlsruhe indiana university jisc monash university national science foundation oais rutgers university sakai technical university of denmark tufts university university of hull university of queensland university of virginia yale university repomman access control accessibility aggregation api bpel cataloguing content management data data model data set database digital library digital preservation digital repositories dissemination dspace e-research fedora commons framework identifier infrastructure institutional repository interoperability metadata mets mysql open source php preservation rae rdf repositories research research information management search technology semantic web soa soap software sql standards uri web 2.0 web services wiki xacml xml Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1260 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Making the Case for a Wiki http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/tonkin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/tonkin#author1">Emma Tonkin</a> examines wikis and considers the feasibility of their deployment - and the danger of the 'tumbleweed' syndrome.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Introduction:_What_is_a_Wiki">Introduction: What is a Wiki?</h2> <p>Software use cases are necessarily incomplete, a failing which seems to intensify in reverse proportion to the degree of simplicity in the software in question. Complex software responds to a given set of requirements, simple software as a partial solution to a much broader problem set. More concisely put, certain ideas just seem to catch on, particularly the simple, brilliant, 'now why didn't I think of that' class of ideas.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/tonkin" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 feature article emma tonkin ukoln university of oxford wikipedia access control archives authentication blog content management data database html hypertext interoperability intranet knowledge base perl php python repositories research rss ruby search technology soap software syndication web development wiki xml Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1113 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Mozilla Firefox for Rapid Web Development and Testing http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/lauke <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/lauke#author1">Patrick Lauke</a> takes a quick look at Firefox, the new browser released by the Mozilla Foundation, and points out useful features and extensions for Web developers.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.mozilla.org/products/firefox/">Mozilla Firefox</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] is a free, open-source Web browser based on the Mozilla codebase.</p> <p>Version 1.0 was recently released after two years of development, so now may be a good time to evaluate this browser's capabilities.</p> <p>"Out of the box" Mozilla Firefox offers a variety of features catering to both occasional Web surfers and power users. The more advanced functionality can be particularly noted as a real time saver during the Web development process.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/lauke" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 tooled up patrick lauke alt university of salford w3c browser character encoding css dom firefox framework html internet explorer intranet javascript php repositories url web browser web development web standards xml xul Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1120 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Experiences of Using a Wiki for Note-taking at a Workshop http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> describes how the Wikalong Wiki tool was used to support note-taking at a workshop.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Wikis: are they the latest cool Web technology or a pointless tool which merely duplicates features provided in content management systems and virtual learning environments? I have heard both views expressed recently. To some extent both views have some validity: a Wiki is a technology which has been adopted initially by those in Web developer communities (such as the Semantic Web community) to enable collaborative documents to be produced quickly and easily.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 tooled up brian kelly ucisa ukoln university of bath wikipedia blog browser content management firefox hypertext instant messaging mobile php portal research semantic web shared resource software url wiki Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1122 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Cornucopia: An Open Collection Description Service http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/turner <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/turner#author1">Chris Turner</a> describes the latest phase of Cornucopia development and the opportunities this is opening up for the future.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="A_Little_History">A Little History</h2> <p>Cornucopia is a searchable database of collections held by cultural heritage institutions throughout the UK. It is developed and managed by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA) and was initially established in response to the Government's <em>Treasures in Trust</em> report which called for a way to be found of recognising the richness and diversity of our collections.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/turner" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 feature article chris turner ahds british library mla oai ukoln elib apache archives browser collection description content management data data set database html ict infrastructure internet explorer interoperability java linux metadata mysql oai-pmh open archives initiative open source php preservation repositories research rslp schema scripting language search technology software sql standards url web browser web services windows wsdl Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1055 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Seminar_Invitation_from_DEF_-_Danish_Electronic_Research_Library">Seminar Invitation from DEF - Danish Electronic Research Library</h3> <p>The DEF XML Web Services project invites you to participate in the seminar: <strong>Building Digital Libraries with XML Web Services</strong> on Friday 27 August 2004 from 9:30 to 16:00 at the Technical University of Denmark, Building 303, DK-2800 Lyngby.</p> <p>The headlines of the seminar are:</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 news and events shirley keane andrew w mellon foundation blackboard cornell university google hefce jisc jisc collections library of congress national library of the netherlands national science foundation newcastle university oai oracle stanford university stm technical university of denmark university college dublin university of bath university of nottingham university of virginia university of wisconsin wellcome trust libportal ndiipp apache archives authority data bibliographic data blog cataloguing content management data database digital archive digital library digital object identifier digital preservation digital repositories digitisation doi dtd e-government e-learning ead eprints fedora commons framework further education higher education html ict identifier information society infrastructure intellectual property interoperability intranet knowledge management licence linux mac os metadata mysql national library ocr ontologies open access open archives initiative open source optical character recognition personalisation php portal preservation repositories research schema search technology semantic web sgml software solaris standardisation standards taxonomy uportal url web services xml Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1071 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Through the Web Authoring Tools http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/browning#author1">Paul Browning</a> offers a technical review of new approaches to Web publishing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Web is over ten years old but it has yet to realise the vision of its founder - '.... it should be possible for grandma to take a photo of grandchildren and put it on the web immediately and without fuss ....'[<a href="#1">1</a>]. The Web, for most of its users, remains a read-only medium.</p> <p>The 'Universal Canvas' is a term introduced by Microsoft; two definitions are [<a href="#2">2</a>]:</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 tooled up paul browning jisc microsoft ucisa university of bristol apache api browser chrome content management css dhtml dom flash framework ftp higher education html instant messaging internet explorer java javascript licence linux mac os metadata open source operating system passwords perl php plain text plone schema software standards stylesheet telnet url web development widget windows xhtml xml xml schema xslt xul Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1037 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Experiences of Harvesting Web Resources in Engineering Using Automatic Classification http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/lindholm <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/lindholm#author1">Kjell Jansson</a>, <a href="/issue37/lindholm#author2">Jessica Lindholm</a> and <a href="/issue37/lindholm#author3">Tomas Schoenthal</a> describe the work in setting up a Web index that uses automatic classification as a means for the selection of resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The story behind Engine-e [<a href="#1">1</a>], a recently created robot-generated Web index, is best told by starting in 1994 with the development and maintenance of EELS (Engineering Electronic Library, Sweden) [<a href="#2">2</a>], a manually indexed quality-controlled subject gateway in Engineering. EELS was accompanied by the experimental robot-generated index, "All" Engineering [<a href="#3">3</a>], created within the DESIRE framework [<a href="#4">4</a>]. The solution used already in "All" Engineering is similar to that of Engine-e, but with some distinct differences.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/lindholm" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 feature article jessica lindholm kjell jansson tomas schoenthal elsevier google lund university algorithm cataloguing copyright data database digital library framework html php research search technology software standards subject gateway subject heading thesaurus url usability vocabularies web resources z39.50 Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 991 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Exposing Information Resources for E-learning http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/powell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/powell#author1">Steve Richardson</a> and <a href="/issue34/powell#author2">Andy Powell</a> on Harvesting and searching IMS metadata using both the OAI Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, and the Z39.50 Protocol.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="An_introduction_to_the_IMS_Digital_Repositories_Working_Group">An introduction to the IMS Digital Repositories Working Group</h3> <p><a href="http://www.imsglobal.org/">IMS</a> [1] is a global consortium that develops open specifications to support the delivery of e-learning through Learning Management Systems (LMS). (Note: in UK higher and further education we tend to use the term Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) in preference to LMS).</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/powell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 feature article andy powell steve richardson ims jisc oai ukoln university of bath eevl jisc information environment sosig accessibility archives bath profile bibliographic data cataloguing content packaging data data set database digital repositories dublin core dublin core metadata initiative e-learning further education identifier ims content packaging information retrieval internet explorer interoperability learning management system learning objects library management systems metadata mysql oai-pmh open archives initiative open source perl php portal repositories research resource discovery schema search technology simple dublin core soap standards url vle web portal xml xml schema z39.50 Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 925 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Watch: A Survey of Web Server Software Used by UK University Web Sites http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue34/web-watch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> with an update of his survey of server software used by central Web sites in UK Universities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>A survey of Web server software used on UK University Web sites was carried out in October 1997 and the findings were reported in <em>Ariadne</em> issue 12 <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>. The survey was repeated in September 2000 and the updated findings published in <em>Ariadne</em> issue 21 <a href="#ref-02">[2]</a>.</p> <p>The survey was repeated in November 2002 and the findings are published in this article.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue34/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue34 tooled up brian kelly apache software foundation birkbeck college birmingham city university central school of speech and drama courtauld institute of art de montfort university edinburgh college of art glasgow school of art goldsmiths college imperial college london kings college london leeds metropolitan university liverpool john moores university london business school london school of economics manchester metropolitan university microsoft ncsa nottingham trent university open university queens university belfast robert gordon university rose bruford college royal academy of music royal agricultural college royal college of art royal college of music royal conservatoire of scotland royal holloway royal northern college of music royal veterinary college royal welsh college of music and drama school of oriental and african studies south bank university surrey institute of art & design ukoln university college london university of bath university of cambridge university of central lancashire university of dundee university of east london university of london university of oxford university of surrey university of the west of england university of wales university of west london gnu apache browser cookie higher education interoperability linux php pics privacy research software url windows Wed, 15 Jan 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 932 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Windows Explorer: The Index Server Companion http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/nt-explorer#author1">Brett Burridge</a> describes the Index Server Companion, an application he has created that allows Microsoft Index Server to index content from remote websites and ODBC databases.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Microsoft's Index Server is a service supplied with the Windows NT 4.0 Server and Windows 2000 Server products. The service indexes HTML and other content residing on the file system. These indexed files may be queried using a number of techniques, but of particular relevance to web developers is the ability to build completely customised search facilities based on Active Server Pages (ASP) by making use of Index Server's Component Object Model (COM) objects.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/nt-explorer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brett burridge microsoft oracle university of essex adobe apache browser cataloguing css data database doc e-business file sharing html ldap linux microsoft office mobile mysql open source operating system perl php plain text rtf samba search technology software sql sql server standards url web app web browser windows Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 917 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Guidelines for URI Naming Policies http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue31/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> with some guidelines For URI naming policies in his regular column.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Cool_URIs">"Cool URIs"</h2> <p>What are "cool URIs"? This term comes from advice provided by W3C (the World Wide Web Consortium). The paper "Cool URIs don't change" <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a> begins by saying:</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue31/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue31 tooled up brian kelly alt google microsoft ukoln university of bath university of oxford w3c apache browser content negotiation cool uri css database e-government file format framework ftp gif graphics higher education html hypertext identifier infrastructure internet explorer interoperability java javascript licence mathml multimedia perl php png rss scripting language search technology semantic web smil software standards svg uri url usability vector graphics web browser web services xhtml xml Wed, 10 Apr 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 878 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Building ResourceFinder http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/rdn-oai <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue30/rdn-oai#author1">Pete Cliff</a> looks at how the RDN has utilised the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/rdn-oai" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue30 feature article pete cliff jisc oai ukoln university of southampton eevl sosig archives cataloguing data database dublin core framework ftp further education identifier interoperability metadata mysql open archives initiative open source perl php repositories search technology software subject gateway web resources xml z39.50 Fri, 25 Jan 2002 00:00:00 +0000 editor 845 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Content Management Systems: Who Needs Them? http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/techwatch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue30/techwatch#author1">Paul Browning</a> and <a href="/issue30/techwatch#author2">Mike Lowndes</a> explore the CMS concept and look at the available tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Content management? That’s what librarians do, right? But we’ve already got a <i>library management system</i> (LMS) – why should we consider a <i>content management system</i> (CMS)?</p> <p>The second initial is perhaps misleading – “manipulation” rather than “management” might better summarise the goals of a CMS. Content creation and content re-purposing are fundamental aspects which tend to lie outside the current LMS domain.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/techwatch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue30 feature article mike lowndes paul browning jisc microsoft university of bath university of bristol accessibility adobe archives authentication browser cache content management crm css data database document management dublin core e-business e-government framework ftp html interoperability intranet java javascript knowledge management ldap library management systems managed learning environment metadata mis opac open archives initiative open source perl personalisation php plain text portal provenance python rdf repositories research rss search technology soap software sql standards syndication web development wireless xhtml xml xsl xslt Fri, 25 Jan 2002 00:00:00 +0000 editor 849 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Managing Electronic Library Services: Current Issues in UK Higher Education Institutions http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/pinfield <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue29/pinfield#author1">Stephen Pinfield</a> surveys some of the key issues associated with delivering electronic library services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Managing the development and delivery of electronic library services is one of the major current challenges for university library and information services. This article provides a brief overview of some of the key issues facing information professionals working in higher education institutions (HEIs). In doing so, it also picks up some of the real-world lessons which have emerged from the eLib (Electronic Libraries) programme now that it has come to a close.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/pinfield" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue29 feature article stephen pinfield british library d-lib magazine jisc oai oclc sconul ukoln university of birmingham university of nottingham agora dner elib heron inspiral jisc information environment justeis nesli archives authentication bath profile bibliographic data cataloguing copyright data data set database digital library digital preservation dublin core ebook ejournal eprints framework free software higher education ict infrastructure library management systems licence managed learning environment marc metadata mysql opac open archives initiative openurl personalisation php portal preservation research resource discovery rslp schema search technology sfx software standards url vle web resources z39.50 Tue, 02 Oct 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 821 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Windows NT Explorer: Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/ntexplorer <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue29/ntexplorer#author1">Brett Burridge</a> investigates the use of the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP), the XML-based protocol that is taking a leading role in the emerging area of Web Services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Previous Windows NT Explorer articles featured in Ariadne have looked at some of the essentials tools and technologies for web development on the Microsoft Windows platform, namely Internet Information Server <a href="#1">[1]</a> and Active Server Pages <a href="#2">[2]</a>. The focus this issue is the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). The protocol is a core technology in the provision of web services across the Internet. While SOAP is not a Microsoft specific technology, the protocol is being embraced by the company as it focuses effort on the provision of web services.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/ntexplorer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue29 regular column brett burridge ibm microsoft university of essex w3c apache authentication data database e-business html javascript mobile operating system passwords perl php programming language soap software sql sql server uddi url web app web development web services windows wsdl xml Tue, 02 Oct 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 828 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Watch: Carrying Out Your Own Web Watch Survey http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/web-watch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue29/web-watch#author1">Brian Kelly</a> describes how you can carry out your own WebWatch benchmarking survey across your own community.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In 1997 UKOLN received funding for a project known as <em>WebWatch</em> <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a> . The aim of the WebWatch project was to develop and use automated robot software to analyse Web sites across a number of public sector communities. After the project funding finished UKOLN continued to provide WebWatch surveys across communities such as UK Higher Education Web sites.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/web-watch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue29 tooled up brian kelly google ukoln university of bath university of exeter university of hull university of sheffield university of wolverhampton niss accessibility archives browser copyright data database higher education html hypertext javascript php research search technology software standards url web browser web resources web services windows Tue, 02 Oct 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 831 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Software Review: C4U http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/c4u <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue29/c4u#author1">Andrew Cox</a> and <a href="/issue29/c4u#author2">Simon McLean</a> review this web-monitoring software.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>C4U is a personal link checker that will check for changes to web pages according to parameters you set, can access password protected sites and through which you can preview changes to see whether they are significant. As a personal productivity tool I recommend it, though some aspects of its design could be improved.</p> <p>We all want to keep up to date with the minimum of effort. There are quite a few options available:</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/c4u" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue29 review andrew cox simon mclean google jisc microsoft south bank university ukoln university of bath archives browser cookie copyright database google search intranet operating system passwords php research search technology software url usability windows Tue, 02 Oct 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 839 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Clumps Come Up Trumps http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/clumps26 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue26/clumps26#author1">Helena Gillis</a>, <a href="/issue26/clumps26#author2">Verity Brack</a>, <a href="/issue26/clumps26#author3">John Gilby</a> and <a href="/issue26/clumps26#author4">Marian Hogg</a> review the four eLib CLUMP projects now at the end of their funding periods.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article is an end of project review of the Large Scale Resource Discovery strand of the eLib Phase 3 Programme. Four ‘clump’ [1] projects were funded, CAIRNS, M25 Link, and RIDING are regionally based, and Music Libraries Online (MLO) is subject based.</p> <p>One question that this article aims to answer is ‘Have the clumps projects been a success?’ The following sections highlight some of the many issues that the four projects have looked at and the progress that has been made.</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/clumps26" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue26 feature article helena gillis john gilby marian hogg verity brack ahds bldsc british library iso jisc library of congress london school of economics talis university of glasgow university of sheffield agora dner elib jafer aacr2 authentication bath profile bibliographic data bibliographic record browser cataloguing collection description copyright data data set database higher education identifier information retrieval interoperability marc marc21 metadata opac perl php research resource discovery rslp schema search technology software sql standards thesaurus url video vocabularies web browser z39.50 Wed, 10 Jan 2001 00:00:00 +0000 editor 749 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk E-Commerce in Higher Education: Can We Afford to Do Nothing? http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/e-commerce <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue26/e-commerce#author1">Andrew Aird</a> on the impact of e-commerce on the non-commercial sector.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!--<h1 id="Internet2_Planning_Mtg_20000508">Internet2 Planning Mtg 20000508</h1> --><!--<h1 id="Internet2_Planning_Mtg_20000508-1">Internet2 Planning Mtg 20000508</h1> --><p><!--<UL><LI><A HREF="#Heading1">1 Introduction</a> </li><LI><A HREF="#Heading2">2 Description</a> <UL> <LI><A HREF="#Heading3">2.1 Overview</a> </li><LI><A HREF="#Heading4">2.2 Knowledge Management Processes</a> </li> <LI><A HREF="#Heading5">2.3 People to People - Knowledge Space (kSpace)</a> <UL><LI ><A HREF="#Heading6">2.3.1 Synchronous / Session based communication</a> </li><LI><A HREF="#Heading7">2.3.2 Asynchronous / Thread based communication</a> </li></ul></li> <LI><A HREF="#Heading8">2.4 People to Content - Knowledge Base (kBase)</a> <UL>&lt;</ul></li></ul></li></p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/e-commerce" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue26 feature article andrew aird amazon goldsmiths college hefce ukoln university of bath university of london verisign authentication browser data database higher education html mac os php portal privacy software standards url video web development Wed, 10 Jan 2001 00:00:00 +0000 editor 750 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk ZOPE: Swiss Army Knife for the Web? http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/zope <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue25/zope#author1">Paul Browning</a> looks at this multiple authoring environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Motivation">Motivation</h2> <p>I would be surprised if most people don't feel a sense of achievement when they author their first Web page. It's the first thing you ever made which potentially the rest of the world can see. Others learn about your new skill and before you know it you've become the departmental webperson and are buried in an avalanche of other people's content to "put on the Web".</p> <p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/zope" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue25 feature article paul browning oracle university of bristol university of wales access control apache authentication browser content management data database ftp html hypertext internet explorer ldap linux mysql object database open source passwords perl php python rdf samba search technology soap software solaris sql standards url web browser windows xml Sat, 23 Sep 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 730 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Institutional Web Management Workshop - The Joined Up Web http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue25/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> reports on the "Institutional Web Management Workshop: The Joined-Up Web" event, held in Bath.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="One_of_the_best_workshops_I-ve_ever_been_at">"One of the best workshops I've ever been at"</h2> <div align="center"><cite>"<em>Excellent! One of the best workshops I've ever been at</em>"<br />"<em>I return because it is by far the best way for me to find out what I need to do in the coming year at my site</em>"<br />"<em>The workshop gets better every year and I never fail to learn something new.</em>" </cite></div><p><a href="http://live.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue25 tooled up brian kelly goldsmiths college jisc kings college london newcastle university school of oriental and african studies staffordshire university ucisa ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of cambridge university of east anglia university of kent university of london university of ulster authentication browser content management data database dissemination e-learning higher education html intranet java learning management system mailbase mis mobile mobile phone mysql open source open standard operating system php portal python repositories research rss software url vle web browser web development web services wireless application profile xml xsl Sat, 23 Sep 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 737 at http://live.ariadne.ac.uk