Table of contents: issue7 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/335/issues/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en OMNI Seminar http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/omni-seminar <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/omni-seminar#author1">Debra Hiom</a> reports from the second annual OMNI seminar.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Over 150 people gathered at the Wellcome Institute in London on the 23 January to attend the 2nd Annual OMNI <a href="#fn1">[1]</a> Seminar. This brought together a range of participants including medical academics, library and information professionals and practitioners; a good indication of the impact OMNI has had during its first two years.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/omni-seminar" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 event report debra hiom jisc nhs ukoln university of wales elib ihr-info omni project sosig cataloguing data database dublin core infrastructure metadata pics research search technology software Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 229 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Mind the Gap! http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/hardens <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Sheila and <a href="/issue7/hardens#author2">Robert Harden</a> describe the making of their public library Web pages.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>I</b>t was joining the BBC Networking Club and wondering what to do with the 500K of web space that came with membership that got us started on filling gaps in the web. A purely personal home page didn't appeal but we were, and still are, fascinated by the prospect of being able to publish something useful for a global audience from our home in London at virtually no cost. We are both librarians with a public library background so that seemed a promising field to explore.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/hardens" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article robert harden sheila harden bbc library association adobe graphics html research search technology url Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 230 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Creating Models for Electronic Citations http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/kairos <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/kairos#author1">Andrew Harnack</a> and <a href="/issue7/kairos#author2">Eugene Kleppinger</a> outline the case for better referencing of electronic sources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In the fall of 1995 we first encountered the need to help our honors rhetoric students cite Internet sources. We remember well one students first attempt. In her works cited the student created an entry to list something she'd found on the World Wide Web. With elegant simplicity she wrote <i>Internet</i> (1995).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/kairos" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article andrew harnack eugene kleppinger mla intellectual property research search technology software video Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 231 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Acrobat a High Flyer: John MacColl Discusses the Success of Adobe Acrobat and PDF http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/acrobat <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Acrobat a High Flyer: <a href="/issue7/acrobat#author1">John MacColl</a> discusses the success of Adobe Acrobat and PDF.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>As electronic library initiatives begin to move out of the research phase and into full production, one product is emerging as a dominant force in the presentation of electronic documents. Adobe's Acrobat software <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>, which is used for both generating and viewing Portable Document Format (PDF) files, is gaining widespread acceptance in the world of higher education.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/acrobat" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article john maccoll hefce microsoft elib adobe browser dissemination document format graphics higher education html hypertext licence operating system research sgml software standards web browser windows Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 232 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Print Journals: Fit for the Future? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/fytton <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Do authors choose to appear in print journals for the wrong reasons? Do print journals continue for the wrong reasons? In short, are print research journals a corrupt form of scholarly communication? We asked <a href="/issue7/fytton#author1">Fytton Rowland</a> to provide a defence of the traditional scholarly journal. In our next journal we shall provide a <a href="../issue8/harnad/">perspective from the other side</a> of the debate.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="The_four_functions_of_the_scholarly_journal">The four functions of the scholarly journal</h3> <p>It has been recognised for many years (Ziman, 1968 <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>; <a name="two"></a>Ravetz, 1973<a href="#fn2">[2]</a>; <a name="three"></a>Meadows, 1980 <a href="#fn3">[3]</a>) that the dissemination of information is not the sole function of the scholarly journal literature. The paradoxical survival of this apparently archaic form of literature has depended on its multiple functions, which are essential to the orderly functioning of a scholarly community. The four chief functions are:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/fytton" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article fytton rowland elsevier hefce massachusetts institute of technology university of cambridge university of manchester archives copyright data dissemination higher education hypertext intellectual property licence multimedia preservation research Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 233 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk SCRAN: A Taste of Scotland and Food for Thought http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/scran <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/scran#author1">Bruce Royan</a> outlines an epic millennium project to digitise much of the culture and heritage of Scotland.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>T</b>he images that the year 2001 bring up are either seductively utopian or dimly dystopian from an information and technology point of view. Visionaries either see an information rich world with constant online access - built into your clothes in some scenarios - or HAL 9000 calmly saying, "I'm afraid I can't do that, Dave."</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/scran" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article bruce royan archives cataloguing cd-rom copyright graphics higher education infrastructure multimedia video web resources Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 234 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Brief History of the American Library Association Web Site http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/ala <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>A brief history of the American Library Association Web Site: <a href="/issue7/ala#author1">Rob Carlson</a>, Internet Coordinator of the ALA, introduces us to the acclaimed Web site of the largest Library Association in the World.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>T</b>he American Library Association's (ALA) web site <a href="#fn1">[1]</a> is a large and growing part of the Association's five-year plan, dubbed ALA Goal 2000, to focus its resources on the public's right to a free and open information society.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/ala" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article rob carlson american library association library association university of illinois database gopher graphics html information society research web development Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 235 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Networking Moving Images http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/multimedia <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/multimedia#author1">Anne Mumford</a> summarises the meeting organised by the British Universities Film and Video Council at the National Film Theatre on 18 December 1996, which looked into the problems and issues surrounding using academic networks for multimedia applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>T</b>he JISC Strategy <a href="#fn1">[1]</a> states: "The JISC recognises the growing importance of multimedia data and will promote measures to ensure such data is appropriately available and transmitted electronically."</p> <p>As part of this consideration, a meeting was organised by the British Universities Film and Video Council (BUFVC) <a href="#fn2">[2]</a> which is now funded through JISC. This consultation meeting was held at the National Film Theatre on 18 December and was attended by about 220 people.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/multimedia" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article anne mumford bufvc jisc mpeg elib authentication copyright data data set e-learning graphics higher education infrastructure metadata multimedia research resource discovery search technology software video Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 236 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Promoting the Internet to Staff at a UK University http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/loughborough <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/loughborough#author1">Paul Hollands</a> is the human part of a project to promote the use of Internet based information services among teaching and research staff at the university; in his own words, this is how the project has progressed to date.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>I</b>, along with the team of stakeholders whom I report to, have been running this project for ten months now, and we have reached a point where it would be useful to sit back and reflect on what we have achieved thus far and where we go from here.</p> <p>One of the most important aspects of the job in this first year has been to determine the levels of Internet service use among University staff. Therefore, the first task I had was to survey levels of use of Internet based information sources.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/loughborough" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article paul hollands loughborough university oclc cd-rom database dissemination hypertext internet explorer research Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 237 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk IPL: The Internet Public Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/ipl <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/ipl#author1">Schelle Simcox</a> describes a Web-based public library, designed in many ways to mimic, and improve on, features of and within a real, large-scale library.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Internet Public Library (IPL) is the first public library created of and for the Internet community and its style and service is similar to any large library. Your experience of the IPL will be different depending upon who you are and your expectations or needs when you visit its homepage. Given your needs, it can be a comforting place to base your explorations of useful material, a place to begin your research, or a place for a child to turn the pages of one of the books in the youth division.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/ipl" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article schelle simcox andrew w mellon foundation internet public library archives cataloguing collection development database dewey decimal digital library graphics research search technology sgml software telnet web resources Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 238 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Public Libraries, Public Support? the Mission Behind Buildings, Books and Bytes http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/books-bytes <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/books-bytes#author1">Laura Weiss</a> outlines a major American survey that looked at the disparity between key librarians views of the future, and what the public who used those libraries really wanted.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>With more and more Americans turning to their desk-top computers for information, American libraries have been struggling to redefine their role. Numerous library leaders, aware of the seismic impact of the digital revolution, have crafted visions for their field that include cutting edge, building-without-walls, digital libraries, as well as partnerships with other public service information providers, such as schools and public broadcasters.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/books-bytes" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 feature article laura weiss american library association library association university of illinois data digital library dublin core research Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 239 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Biz/ed http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/biz-ed <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/biz-ed#author1">Catherine Sladen</a> describes an information gateway for Business Studies and Economics.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Building upon an already self funding project, delivering networked resources and primary materials to students and teachers in the schools and colleges, eLib funding has enabled biz/ed <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>.to expand and meet the needs of the students and lecturers in higher education. The project seeks to identify these needs through a series of partnerships and evaluation sessions. Partnerships with both the academic community and the business world enable biz/ed to provide quality resources which meet the needs of students and teachers at all levels.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/biz-ed" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 project update catherine sladen ilrt elib sosig cataloguing data data set database higher education research Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 240 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk DeLiberations http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/deliberations <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/deliberations#author1">Graham Alsop</a> explains how an interactive electronic magazine can improve teaching methods.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>I</b>n the current climate of higher education, the role of the librarian is changing.</p> <p>"More often than not, librarians' teaching abilities are taken for granted by faculty staff; there has always been a resistance to acknowledging library staff as a legitimate faculty. Academic librarians tend to be multi-skilled and equip themselves with a teaching qualification in addition to their IT/library/undergraduate qualifications ....academics will have to become more like librarians..." <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/deliberations" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 project update graham alsop hefce higher education html Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 241 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ERIMS http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/erims <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/erims#author1">Catherine Hanratty</a> issues a call to ERIMS.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>P</b>art of the eLib On-demand Publishing Programme, the ERIMS Project aims to test the viability and user environment for provision of reading materials, in electronic format, to a cross section of users in Management Studies.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/erims" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 project update catherine hanratty university of oxford elib copyright database framework identifier information retrieval software Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 242 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk ESPERE http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/espere <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="#Author_Details">Dee Wood</a> reports on the Electronic Submission and Peer Review Project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>T</b>he ESPERE project (Electronic Submission and Peer Review) <a href="#fn1">[1]</a> started in April 1996 and we have recently completed the research phase. The project is lead jointly by the University of Ulster and the Society for Endocrinology and has seven Learned Society partners.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/espere" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 project update dee wood microsoft university of ulster adobe file format graphics research software Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 243 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk MIDAS: Manchester Information, Datasets and Associated Services http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/midas <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/midas#author1">Anne McCombe</a> describes a service that provides a wide range of datasets to the wider communities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>MIDAS <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>, based at Manchester Computing, University of Manchester, is a National Dataset Service funded by JISC <a href="#fn2">[2]</a>, ESRC <a href="#fn3">[3]</a> and the University of Manchester <a href="#fn4">[4]</a>, to provide UK academics with online access to large strategic and research datasets, software packages, training and large-scale computing resources. The datasets are supplied by arrangement with CHEST <a href="#fn5">[5]</a> and The Data Archive <a href="#fn6">[6]</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/midas" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 project update anne mccombe jisc university of london university of manchester niss archives browser cataloguing content management css data data set database gopher html metadata passwords research software telnet visualisation web browser web services Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 244 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Data Archive at the University of Essex http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/essex <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/essex#author1">Denise Lievesley</a> and <a href="/issue7/essex#author2">Bridget Winstanley</a> describe this national resource centre for computer-readable data in the social sciences and humanities.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="Abstract">Abstract</h3> <p>This paper provides a background to the development and ongoing activities of data archives in general and The Data Archive (formerly known as the ESRC Data Archive) at the University of Essex in particular. It describes the main activities involved in running the Archive and explores the benefits for both data producers and data users of a central repository of data. It touches on the growth of The Data Archive in recent years.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/essex" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 project update bridget winstanley denise lievesley cessda council of european social science data archives uk data archive university of essex university of manchester university of york accessibility archives bibliographic control bibliographic data cataloguing data data management data set database digitisation dissemination foi framework information retrieval infrastructure open access preservation repositories research search technology software thesaurus usability visualisation Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 245 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Controlling Access in the Electronic Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/access-control <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="#author1">Andy Powell</a> and <a href="#author2">Mark Gillet</a> discuss methods of electronic authentication.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h3 id="Abstract">Abstract</h3> <p>The growth of networking and the Internet has led to more and more information resources being funded centrally by JISC (the Joint Information Systems Committee of the Higher Education Funding Council) and provided from a single or limited number of locations to the whole of the academic community. Centralised networked services such as these have been a fact of life in commercial organisations for many years and this model is now being adopted by government agencies like the NHS.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/access-control" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 tooled up andy powell mark gillet jisc nhs ukoln university of bath w3c elib midrib niss access control authentication authentication service copyright data database higher education identifier infrastructure intellectual property ldap licence metadata operating system passwords resource discovery solaris video Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 246 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk MCF: Will Dublin Form the Apple Core http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/mcf <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="#author1">Jon Knight</a> looks at how Dublin Core and Apple's new MCF metadata file format might make useful and interesting bed fellows.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>For many years librarians and computer scientists have been researching and developing metadata standards and technology. Although library OPACs are obviously commercially viable systems for maintaining metadata about hard copy resources, they are something of a niche market still. With the explosion in information provision on the Internet, this niche metadata market is set to explode itself, as an increasing number of companies develop a commercial interest in the provision and support for indexing, cataloging and navigating Internet resources.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/mcf" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 tooled up jon knight apple ietf eevl elib jisc information environment sosig browser cataloguing data database dtd dublin core file format ftp html metadata research schema search technology sgml url vocabularies web browser Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 247 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Handling MARC With PERL http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/marc <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="#author1">Jon Knight</a> investigates the inner workings of the MARC record's binary distribution format and presents the first cut at a Perl module to read and write MARC records.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The MAchine Readable Catalogue (MARC) format is probably one of the oldest and most widely used metadata formats today. It was developed in the United States during the 1960's as a data interchange format for monographs in the then newly computerised library automation systems. In the following years the MARC format became a standard for export and import of data to library systems in much of the world and various national and vendor enhanced variations on the original MARC format appeared.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/marc" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 tooled up jon knight apple library of congress loughborough university elib aacr2 api bibliographic data cataloguing data dublin core ftp graphics isbd marc metadata multimedia opac perl programming language research search technology software standards video z39.50 Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 248 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The British Libraries Private Finance Initiative http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/british-library <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>The British Library's Digital Library Programme gives Ariadne an exclusive on its Private Finance Initiative.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Digital Library Programme <a href="#fn1">[1]</a> has been set up by the British Library following the progress made during the widely publicised Initiatives for Access <a href="#fn2">[2]</a> programme which examined the application of new technologies to the Library. The Programme comprises a number of activities across the Library aimed at providing the Library with the capabilities to acquire, store, preserve and access collection materials in digital form.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/british-library" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column philip hunter bldsc british library portico data digital library framework intellectual property opac research Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 249 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Public Libraries Corner: Life After the Millenium Bid http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/public-libraries <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>After the recent disappointing turn-down of the millenium bid to connect public libraries to the Internet, <a href="/issue7/public-libraries#author1">Sarah Ormes</a> wonders where we go from here.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>With the failure of the second public library Millennium Bid the dream of a gift-wrapped-paid-for-by-someone-else-national-networked-public-library-service disappeared. Although Information for All <a href="#fn1"> [1]</a>, the company set up to run this bid, has pledged to continue looking for funding from other sources it seems unlikely that they will be able achieve the national implementation that Millennium funding would have made possible.</p> <p>The failure of the Bid, however, must not be seen as the end of Internet services in public libraries but as a starting point.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/public-libraries" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column sarah ormes british library microsoft data graphics library management systems research Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 250 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Copyright Issues in Projects Funded by the Electronic Libraries Programme http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/copyright-corner <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>After several months experience of dealing with copyright and the eLib programme, <a href="/issue7/copyright-corner#author1">Charles Oppenheim</a> returns to the major issues that have a risen.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In this paper I will discuss some of the major copyright issues that have arisen as a result of experiences of the eLib.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/copyright-corner" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column charles oppenheim bbc jisc elib copyright data database higher education hypertext intellectual property licence machine-readable data multimedia object database research sgml url Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 251 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Access for the Disabled http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/web-access <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/web-access#author1">Cathy Murtha</a> outlines the problems that audio-visually impaired people encounter when trying to use network-based resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>If it is true that patience is a virtue, blind people must be the most virtuous people on earth. Waiting is omnipresent in a blind persons life. The simple act of reading a newspaper can be a major undertaking. However this seemingly simple task is accomplished, it requires waiting; waiting for a family member or friend to be available, or waiting for the next scheduled meeting with a paid reader.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/web-access" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column cathy murtha archives cataloguing copyright database digital library gopher graphics java library catalogs opac research search technology software Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 252 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Wire: Interview with Nick Gibbins http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/wire <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="#author1">Nick Gibbins</a> is put under the virtual spotlight to answer a few questions via email.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>What are you doing now?</b></p> <p>I'm studying for a Masters in Knowledge Based Systems at Edinburgh University's Department of Artificial Intelligence.</p> <p><b>...and what where you doing before?</b></p> <p>Before this academic year I was a software engineer working for Nokia Telecommunications in Cambridge on a variety of network management products.</p> <p><b>Why the jump from the networkie side of a telecoms company to doing a masters degree? </b></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/wire" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column nick gibbins alt university of cambridge university of edinburgh elib accessibility browser ftp gopher hypertext information retrieval internet explorer interoperability java javascript mobile pics research search technology software web browser xml Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 253 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Intelligent Searching Agents on the Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/search-engines <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/search-engines#author1">Tracey Stanley</a> describes Web-based Intelligent Searching Agents, and takes a closer look at a few examples you may wish to play with.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="What_are_Intelligent_Searching_Agents">What are Intelligent Searching Agents?</h3> <p>Many web search engines use the concept of a 'spider' - automated software which goes out onto the web and trawls through the contents of each server it encounters, indexing documents as it finds them. This approach results in the kinds of databases maintained by services such as Alta Vista and Excite - huge indexes to a vast chunk of what's currently available on the web. However, the problems which users can face when using such databases are beginning to be well documented.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/search-engines" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column tracey stanley jisc university of leeds browser database hypertext research search technology software web browser windows Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 254 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk OMNI Corner http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/omni <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In her regular appearance in Ariadne, <a href="/issue7/omni#author1">Sue Welsh</a>, introduces a new experiment in network indexing underway at OMNI.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>MNI is by no means the first or only of the Electronic Libraries Programme Access to Network Resources projects to experiment with using the well known and popular Harvest software to create descriptions of networked resources automatically. EEVL (the Edinburgh Engineering Virtual Library, for example, recently announced the availability of their own Harvest experiment <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>) and non-eLib gateway projects had in any case, beaten us to it some time ago.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/omni" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column sue welsh eevl elib mrc database software subject gateway url Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 255 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Down Your Way: Durham http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/down-your-way <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/down-your-way#author1">Paul Miller</a> travels to Durham and reports on a mammoth archival digitisation project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Spread across four sites within the small historic city of Durham, the University Library caters for a diverse range of staff and student requirements, as well as acting in an important archival role for the surrounding area.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/down-your-way" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column paul miller jisc newcastle university university of durham elib niss archives ascii cataloguing database ead gis gopher graphics opac research search technology sgml web services Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 256 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk View from the Hill http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/view <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>John MacColl quizzes <a href="/issue7/view#author1">John Kelleher</a> of the Tavistock Institute about the E-word.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>T</b>he main reason why the eLib projects are so aware of the need to evaluate what they do is that the Follett Implementation Group in Information Technology (FIGIT), in establishing the programme, commissioned the Tavistock Institute <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>to assist projects in the preparation of self-evaluation strategies. Founded in London in 1947, the Tavistock is an independent not- for-profit organisation which combines social science research with professional practice.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/view" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column john kelleher john maccoll elib higher education research video Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 257 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Minotaur http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/minotaur <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In Minotaur, the collective voice of Internet enthusiasts is countered by words of scepticism or caution. In this issue, <a href="/issue7/minotaur#author1">Mike Holderness</a> gives a few worrying examples of how much people outside the western hemisphere are behind us in terms of on-line resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>I</b> live in a small housing co-operative in East London. We have more access to electronic information than does the entire Indian university system. Between 15 of us, we have 72 kilobits per second of network connectivity, with more coming soon. The link between the Indian academic network ERNET <a href="#fn1">[1]</a> and the rest of the universe is 64kbps; some of the institutions on ERNET make do with 9600bps.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/minotaur" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column mike holderness microsoft w3c access control browser database framework graphics internet explorer search technology url web browser Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 258 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Burnside Writes http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/burnside <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/burnside#author1">John Burnside</a> on pornography and the Internet.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>With elections approaching, there has been much talk about morality. By morality, I mean the peculiarly British fascination with sex, from Virginia Bottomley's attempts to prevent satellite stations broadcasting explicit sexual material, to a renewed interest in the views of Mary Whitehouse. In one sense a concern with the commodification of sex is A Good Thing - though I, for one, would worry if the power to decide what we may or may not view resided in the hands of a government minister or a self-appointed censor with her own, rather peculiar agenda.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/burnside" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column john burnside archives data search technology Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 259 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Around the Table: Health and Medicine - What Can Medics Get Out of the Internet? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/table <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/table#author1">Sue Welsh</a> of the eLib OMNI project visits some of the medical sites.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The key medical sites described in this article are only the tip of the iceberg. To use the Internet effectively for medical information it is necessary to search the subject-based gateways. These sites do some of the hard work for you, by seeking out, evaluating, describing and indexing resources.</p> <p><i>OMNI - Organising Medical Networked Information <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>,</i> is the eLib funded biomedical gateway. It offers access to more than 1300 resources in health, clinical medicine, allied health and related areas.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/table" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column sue welsh british medical association edina elib mrc research search technology subject gateway Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 260 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Interface: Les Carr Interview http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/interface <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue7/interface#author1">Steve Hitchcock</a> and <a href="/issue7/interface#author2">Les Carr</a> of the Open Journal Project link up with Ian Budden.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><b>H</b>ypertext links in cyberspace are the subject of fascinating research being undertaken by Steve Hitchcock and Les Carr at Southampton University <a href="#fn2">[2]</a>. They have been funded by <a href="#fn3">[3]</a> to explore, in the Open Journal Project, the use of links within the context of electronic scholarly journals. This work builds upon work being undertaken by the same team in a separate project, the Distributed Link Service (DLS) <a href="#fn4">[4]</a> .</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/interface" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 regular column ian budden les carr steve hitchcock elib archives browser data database framework hypertext research search technology web browser Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 261 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Cartoon http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/cartoon <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>New cartoon work by <a href="/issue7/cartoon#author1">Malcolm Campbell</a>.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><img alt="Cartoon" src="http://ariadne-media.ukoln.info/grfx/img/issue7-cartoon/class.gif" /></p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/cartoon" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 odds and ends malcolm campbell alt ukoln gif Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 262 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Sideline: Nick Hornby Made Me Do It.. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/sideline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In Sideline, people give an alternative view of conference attendance. Here, <a href="/issue7/sideline#author1">Sarah Ashton</a> has fun with public transport as she tries to reach Cranfield with increasing desperation...</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Nick Hornby made me do it! This is my defence...Unaware of the distractions that lurked in the suburbs of Milton Keynes, I rose at 5.30 a.m. Jogged between bus-stops, in that hesitant 'does the 52 run at this hour?' kind of way. Caught my train and two connections. Bored of pondering life's mysteries (do you stir your coffee with the square or triangular end of the plastic thingie?), serenaded by the Mobile Phone Chorus, I retreated into my book, <i>High Fidelity</i> <a href="#fn1">[1]</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue7/sideline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue7 odds and ends sarah ashton apple elib cataloguing mobile mobile phone research Sun, 19 Jan 1997 00:00:00 +0000 editor 263 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk