Overview of content related to 'xslt' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/90/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Image 'Quotation' Using the C.I.T.E. Architecture http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author1">Christopher Blackwell</a> and <a href="/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell#author2">Amy Hackney Blackwell</a> describe with examples a digital library infrastructure that affords canonical citation for 'quoting' images, useful for creating commentaries, arguments, and teaching tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Quotation is the heart of scholarly argument and teaching, the activity of bringing insight to something complex by focused discussion of its parts. Philosophers who have reflected on the question of quotation have identified two necessary components: a name, pointer, or citation on the one hand and a reproduction or repetition on the other. Robert Sokolowski calls quotation a 'curious conjunction of being able to name and to contain' [<a href="#1">1</a>]; V.A. Howard is more succinct: quotation is 'replication-plus-reference' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. We are less interested in the metaphysical aspects of quotation than in the practical ones.</p> <p>The tools and techniques described here were supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. 0916148 &amp; No. 0916421. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).</p> <h2 id="Quotation">Quotation</h2> <p>Quotation, when accompanied by citation, allows us to bring the reader's attention to bear on a particular part of a larger whole efficiently and without losing the surrounding context. A work of Biblical exegesis, for example, can quote or merely cite 'Genesis 1:29' without having to reproduce the entire Hebrew Bible, or even the Book of Genesis; a reader can resolve that citation to a particular passage about the creation of plants, and can see that passage as a discrete node at the bottom of a narrowing hierarchy: Hebrew Bible, Genesis, Chapter 1, Verse 29. We take this for granted.</p> <p>Quoting a text is easy. But how can we quote an image? This remains difficult even in the 21st century where it is easy to reproduce digital images, pass them around through networks, and manipulate them on our desks.</p> <p>A scholar wishing to refer to a particular part of an image will generally do something like this: She will open one version of an image in some editing software, select and 'cut' a section from it, and 'paste' that section into a document containing the text of her commentary or argument. She might add to the text of her argument a reference to the source of the image. The language that describes this process is that of mechanical work&nbsp;– cutting and pasting&nbsp;– rather than the language of quotation and citation. The process yields a fragment of an image with only a tenuous connection to the ontological hierarchy of the object of study. The same scholar who would never give a citation to '<em>The Bible</em>, page 12' rather than to 'Genesis 1:29' will, of necessity, cite an image-fragment in a way similarly unlikely to help readers find the source and locate the fragment in its natural context.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue67/blackwell-hackneyBlackwell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue67 feature article amy hackney blackwell christopher blackwell clemson university furman university google harvard university national academy of sciences national science foundation university of virginia gnu homer multitext archives browser creative commons css data digital library doi dublin core firefox free software html identifier infrastructure java licence metadata namespace openoffice research safari schema software standards stylesheet tei thesaurus url urn vocabularies web browser xhtml xml xsl xslt zip Sun, 03 Jul 2011 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1620 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: Xerxes at Royal Holloway, University of London http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author1">Anna Grigson</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author2">Peter Kiely</a>, <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author3">Graham Seaman</a> and <a href="/issue62/grigson-et-al#author4">Tim Wales</a> describe the implementation of an open source front end to the MetaLib federated search tool.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><!-- v4. completion of author details: institution - 2010-02-22-10-30- rew --><p>Rarely is software a purely technical issue, though it may be marketed as 'technology'. Software is embedded in work, and work patterns become moulded around it. Thus the use of a particular package can give rise to an inertia from which it can be hard to break free.</p> <p>Moreover, when this natural inertia is combined with data formats that are opaque or unique to a particular system, the organisation can become locked in to that system, a potential victim of the pricing policies or sluggish adaptability of the software provider. The speed of change in the information world in recent years, combined with the actual or expected crunch in library funding, has made this a particular issue for library management system (LMS) users. While there is general agreement on the direction to take - more 'like Google' - LMS suppliers' moves in this direction can prove both slow and expensive for the user.</p> <p>Open source software has often been suggested as an alternative, but the nature of lock-in means that the jump from proprietary to open system can be all or nothing; in effect too big (and complex) a risk to take. No major UK university libraries have yet moved to Koha, Evergreen, or indeed any open source LMS [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p>The alternative, which brings its own risks, is to take advantage of the pressures on LMS suppliers to make their own systems more open, and to use open source systems 'around the edges' [<a href="#2">2</a>]. This has the particular benefit of creating an overall system which follows the well-established design practice of creating a clean separation of 'view' (typically the Web interface) from 'model' (here the LMS-managed databases) and 'controller' (the LMS core code). The 'view' is key to the user experience of the system, and this separation gives the ability to make rapid changes or to integrate Web 2.0 features quickly and easily, independently of the system back-end. The disadvantage of this approach is that it is relatively fragile, being dependent on the willingness of the LMS supplier to provide a detailed and stable application programming interface (API).</p> <p>There are several current examples of this alternative approach. Some, like the Vufind OPAC, allow the use of plug-ins which adapt the software to a range of different LMSs. Others, like Xerxes, are specialised front-ends to a single system (MetaLib from ExLibris [<a href="#3">3</a>]). This has an impact on evaluating the software: in particular, the pool of active developers is likely to be smaller in the latter case.</p> <h2 id="Royal_Holloway_Library_Services">Royal Holloway Library Services</h2> <p>Within this general context, Royal Holloway Library Services were faced with a specific problem. The annual National Student Survey had given ratings to the Library well below those expected, with many criticisms centred on the difficulty in using the Library's MetaLib federated search system.</p> <p>MetaLib is a key access point to the Library's e-resources, incorporating both A-Z lists of major online databases available to library users, and a federated search tool. Feedback showed that many users found the interface less than satisfactory, with one user commenting that:</p> <blockquote><p><em>'MetaLib is possibly the worst and most confusing library interface I have ever come across'</em></p></blockquote> <p>The Library Management Team decided to remedy this as a matter of urgency and set a deadline of the start of the 2009 Autumn term. There was no funding available to acquire an alternative discovery system so the challenge was to identify a low-cost, quick-win solution for the existing one. With this work in mind, the incoming Associate Director (E-Strategy) had already recruited two new colleagues over the Summer vacation: a systems officer with Web development experience, the other an experienced e-resources manager.</p> <p>The first possible route to the improvement of MetaLib was modification of the existing MetaLib Web interface. This was technically possible but presented several major difficulties: the underlying ExLibris designs were based on the old HTML 4.0 and pre-dated current stylesheet-based design practice; the methods to adapt the designs were opaque and poorly documented, based on numbered variables with semantics that changed depending on context; and perhaps most importantly, the changes were to be made over the summer months, giving no time for user feedback on the details of the changes to be made.</p> <p>The second possibility was the use of Xerxes [<a href="#4">4</a>]. Xerxes offered the advantage of an interface design which had been user-tested on a range of (US) campuses, partially solving the user feedback issue. It was not, however, entirely cost-free, as ExLibris charges an annual maintenance fee for the MetaLib X-server API on which Xerxes depends.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue62/grigson-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue62 feature article anna grigson graham seaman peter kiely tim wales google jisc jisc collections kingston university microsoft royal holloway sconul university of london gnu api authentication data database ebook ejournal free software gpl html interoperability library management systems licence linux mysql opac open source php portal refworks repositories research search technology sfx software solaris standards stylesheet vufind web 2.0 web development web services wiki xml xslt Sat, 30 Jan 2010 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1525 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk How to Publish Data Using Overlay Journals: The OJIMS Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue61/callaghan-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue61/callaghan-et-al#author1">Sarah Callaghan</a>, <a href="/issue61/callaghan-et-al#author2">Sam Pepler</a>, <a href="/issue61/callaghan-et-al#author3">Fiona Hewer</a>, <a href="/issue61/callaghan-et-al#author4">Paul Hardaker</a> and <a href="/issue61/callaghan-et-al#author5">Alan Gadian</a> describe the implementation details that can be used to create overlay journals for data publishing in the meteorological sciences.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The previous article about the Overlay Journal Infrastructure for Meteorological Sciences (OJIMS) Project [<a href="#1">1</a>] dealt with an introduction to the concept of overlay journals and their potential impact on the meteorological sciences. It also discussed the business cases and requirements that must be met for overlay journals to become operational as data publications.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue61/callaghan-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue61 feature article alan gadian fiona hewer paul hardaker sam pepler sarah callaghan badc jisc ncas oai royal meteorological society university of leeds ojims opendoar rioja sneep archives browser copyright data data management data set database dissemination dublin core eprints flickr framework identifier infrastructure metadata oai-pmh open access open archives initiative open source podcast preservation programming language python rdf repositories research schema search technology software standards video web app web browser wiki xml xml schema xslt Fri, 30 Oct 2009 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1508 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Get Tooled Up: SeeAlso: A Simple Linkserver Protocol http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/voss <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue57/voss#author1">Jakob Voss</a> combines OpenSearch and unAPI to enrich catalogues.</p> </div> </div> </div> <!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2 to take in final edits on code fragments, etc --><!-- 2008-11-11 REW v2 to take in final edits on code fragments, etc --><p>In recent years the principle of Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) has grown increasingly important in digital library systems. More and more core functionalities are becoming available in the form of Web-based, standardised services which can be combined dynamically to operate across a broader environment [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue57/voss" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue57 feature article jakob voss d-lib magazine google ieee oai w3c cpan jisc information environment wikipedia api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing cloud computing creative commons csv data database digital library firefox framework html hypertext identifier javascript json library management systems librarything licence lod metadata microformats namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative open data open source open standard openurl perl rdf rfc search technology soa software sparql sql sru standards syndication tag cloud uri url web 2.0 web services wiki xml xslt Thu, 30 Oct 2008 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1436 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk KIM Project Conference 2008 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/kim-conf-2008-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Alexander Ball provides an overview of the Knowledge and Information Management Through Life Project Conference held in April, 2008.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/kim-conf-2008-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 event report alex ball harvard university heriot-watt university imperial college london loughborough university ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of lancaster university of leeds university of reading university of strathclyde archives controlled vocabularies data database dublin core framework identifier infrastructure intranet knowledge base knowledge management repositories research rfid software text mining video vocabularies xml xslt Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1393 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News and Events http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/newsline <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Ariadne presents a brief summary of news and events.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a name="headlines"></a><a name="events1"></a></p> <h3 id="Introduction_to_Federated_Searching_Technology_and_Developments">Introduction to Federated Searching Technology &amp; Developments</h3> <p>Date: 11 May 2007<br />Venue: Conference Room, Southport College, Mornington Road, Southport, PR9 0TT<br />Delegate Fee: £50.00</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/newsline" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue51 news and events richard waller ahrc amazon british library british museum cerlim cilip edge hill university google imperial college london jisc kings college london microsoft mla newcastle university nhs oclc sakai tilburg university ukoln university of bath university of bristol university of london university of york w3c iwmw jisc information environment accessibility algorithm amazon web services api archives blog born digital cataloguing cd-rom copyright data data set digital curation digital library digital preservation digitisation dissemination e-learning e-science framework further education higher education ict information architecture infrastructure intellectual property internet explorer interoperability knowledge management metadata microformats mobile national library open access open source podcast portal preservation rdf rdfa repositories research resource sharing rss search technology social software software standardisation tagging usability video videoconferencing virtual research environment web 2.0 web app web development web portal web services wiki xcri xhtml xml xslt youtube Sun, 29 Apr 2007 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1318 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Introducing UnAPI http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue48/chudnov-et-al#author1">Dan Chudnov</a> and a team of colleagues describe unAPI, a tiny HTTP API for serving information objects in next-generation Web applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Common Web tools and techniques cannot easily manipulate library resources. While photo sharing, link logging, and Web logging sites make it easy to use and reuse content, barriers still exist that limit the reuse of library resources within new Web services. [<a href="#1">1</a>][<a href="#2">2</a>] To support the reuse of library information in Web 2.0-style services, we need to allow many types of applications to connect with our information resources more easily. One such connection is a universal method to copy any resource of interest.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue48/chudnov-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue48 feature article dan chudnov ed summers jeremy frumkin michael j. giarlo mike rylander peter binkley ross singer amazon andrew w mellon foundation ansi ciac d-lib magazine georgia institute of technology google library of congress microsoft mpeg national science foundation niso oai oregon state university university of alberta university of washington yale university apache api archives atom bibliographic data blog browser cataloguing data database didl digital library dublin core fedora commons firefox flickr foaf framework google books html identifier interoperability javascript json library management systems metadata microformats mods namespace oai-pmh opac open archives initiative openurl php plain text rdf repositories rfc rss ruby schema search technology software sru srw standards syndication uri url web 2.0 web app web browser web services wiki wordpress xml xslt z39.50 z39.88 Sat, 29 Jul 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1248 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk QMSearch: A Quality Metrics-aware Search Framework http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/krowne <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/krowne#author1">Aaron Krowne</a> and <a href="/issue47/krowne#author2">Urvashi Gadi</a> present a framework which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a 'quality metrics-aware' approach.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>In this article we present a framework, QMSearch, which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a 'quality metrics-aware' approach. This means the digital library deployer or end-user can customise how results are presented, including aspects of both ranking and organisation in general, based upon standard metadata attributes and quality indicators derived from the general library information environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/krowne" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article aaron krowne urvashi gadi amazon d-lib magazine emory university google microsoft oai jisc information environment aggregation apache archives browser cache css data data mining data model database digital library doc dublin core fedora commons framework genetic algorithm google scholar html identifier information retrieval interoperability java javascript lucene metadata modelling open archives initiative open source provenance repositories research schema search technology software standards stylesheet usability video visualisation web browser xml xsl xslt Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1230 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Serving Services in Web 2.0 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/vanveen <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue47/vanveen#author1">Theo van Veen</a> shows with the help of an example, how standardised descriptions of services can help users control the integration of services from different providers.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>"I want my browser to recognise information in Web pages and offer me functionality to remix it with relevant information from other services. I want to control which services are offered to me and how they are offered."</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue47/vanveen" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue47 feature article theo van veen amazon google oai oreilly ajax algorithm api archives bibliographic data bibliographic record browser cataloguing context objects in spans data database dublin core firefox framework google scholar html identifier javascript knowledge base metadata metadata model microformats oai-pmh open archives initiative openurl owl personalisation portal schema search technology semantic web soa soap sru standardisation standards stylesheet tagging thesaurus uddi url usability web 2.0 web services wsdl xml xsl xslt z39.88 Sat, 29 Apr 2006 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1234 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Putting the Library Into the Institution: Using JSR 168 and WSRP to Enable Search Within Portal Frameworks http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/awre <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue45/awre#author1">Chris Awre</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author2">Stewart Waller</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author3">Jon Allen</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author4">Matthew J Dovey</a>, <a href="/issue45/awre#author5">Jon Hunter</a> and <a href="/issue45/awre#author6">Ian Dolphin</a> describe the investigations and technical development undertaken within the JISC-funded Contextual Resource Evaluation Environment (CREE) Project to enable the presentation of existing search tools within portal frameworks using the JSR 168 and WSRP portlet standards.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Under the aegis of the UK Joint Information Systems Committee's (JISC) Portals Programme [<a href="#1">1</a>] development projects have taken place to investigate the use of portals as the presentation path for a variety of search tools. A major output from these projects has been the development of a portal interface, a Web site that users could come to in order to make use of the functionality that the portal provided, particularly searching. Each project, as a key part of its investigations, created its own such interface and Web site.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/awre" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue45 feature article chris awre ian dolphin jon allen jon hunter matthew dovey stewart waller ahds d-lib magazine edina google ibm jisc oasis oracle oxford university computing services university of edinburgh university of hull university of oxford university of york cree jafer libportal wikipedia aggregation apache api cataloguing content management data file format framework geospatial data gis html infrastructure interoperability intranet java managed learning environment open source perl portal repositories schema search technology software standards stylesheet uportal url vle web portal web services wsrp xml xml schema xslt z39.50 Sat, 29 Oct 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1185 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Mobile Blogs, Personal Reflections and Learning Environments: The RAMBLE Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/trafford <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue44/trafford#author1">Paul Trafford</a> describes how mobile blogs for personal reflection may be related to institutional learning environments, drawing on experiences from the RAMBLE Project.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Public participation in the Internet has continued to boom, aided in no small measure by the 'weblog' (or, simply, 'blog'), one of the most accessible means of online publication, a term that is rapidly entering common parlance. Blogs are authored by people from many walks of life and are of many kinds: for instance, Penny Garrod has shown how they can support reading groups and community links, such as news from local councillors [<a href="#1">1</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue44/trafford" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue44 feature article paul trafford bbc blackboard ims jisc microsoft university of oxford bewt ples access control aggregation atom authentication blog browser cache controlled vocabularies data e-learning framework higher education html ims enterprise infrastructure mobile open source operating system privacy rdf research rss search technology sms software stylesheet syndication video vle vocabularies wireless xml xslt Fri, 29 Jul 2005 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1166 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Looking for a Google Box? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/rahtz <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue42/rahtz#author1">Sebastian Rahtz</a> gives us his evaluation of the Google Search Appliance.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Most Web sites of any size want to offer a facility to perform a free-text search of their content. While we all at least <em>claim</em> to believe in the possibilities of the semantic web, and take care over our navigation aids and sitemaps, we know that sooner or later our readers want to type 'hedgehog' into a search box. Yes, even <a href="http://www.microsoft.com">http://www.microsoft.com</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] returns plenty of hits if you try this.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/rahtz" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue42 tooled up sebastian rahtz google jisc microsoft oss watch oucs university of oxford cache database google search graphics higher education internet explorer intranet licence multimedia open source passwords rtf search technology semantic web software standards stylesheet url xml xslt Sun, 30 Jan 2005 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1121 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Developing Portal Services and Evaluating How Users Want to Use Them: The CREE Project http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/awre-cree <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author1">Chris Awre</a>, <a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author2">Matthew J Dovey</a>, <a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author3">Jon Hunter</a>, <a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author4">William Kilbride</a> and <a href="/issue41/awre-cree#author5">Ian Dolphin</a> describe the JISC-funded Contextual Resource Evaluation Environment (CREE) Project and its user and technical investigations to examine how users wish to use library search services.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The JISC-funded <a href="http://www.fair-portal.hull.ac.uk">PORTAL Project</a> [<a href="#1">1</a>] examined and established which services users wished to have made available through an institutional portal. The results of this project have provided firm guidance to institutional portal developers in planning the services they wished to present. In particular, there was common demand amongst users for access to library-based services and resources within a portal environment.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue41/awre-cree" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue41 feature article chris awre ian dolphin jon hunter matthew dovey william kilbride ahds edina google ibm jisc oasis oracle oxford university computing services university of edinburgh university of hull university of oxford university of york cree jafer jisc information environment portole xgrain zblsa accessibility archives bibliographic data cataloguing copac data data set database dissemination framework further education higher education interoperability java openurl perl portal research search technology software sru srw standards stylesheet uportal url vle web services wsrp xslt z39.50 Fri, 29 Oct 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1081 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk An Introduction to the Search/Retrieve URL Service (SRU) http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/morgan <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue40/morgan#author1">Eric Lease Morgan</a> describes sibling Web Service protocols designed to define a standard form for Internet search queries as well as the structure of the responses.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article is an introduction to the "brother and sister" Web Service protocols named Search/Retrieve Web Service (SRW) and Search/Retrieve URL Service (SRU) with an emphasis on the later. More specifically, the article outlines the problems SRW/U are intended to solve, the similarities and differences between SRW and SRU, the complimentary nature of the protocols with OAI-PMH, and how SRU is being employed in a sponsored NSF (National Science Foundation) grant called OCKHAM to facilitate an alerting service.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue40/morgan" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue40 feature article eric lease morgan emory university google national science foundation oai oclc university of notre dame api browser cataloguing cql data database digital library dtd dublin core identifier information architecture library management systems marc metadata mets mods oai-pmh perl plain text repositories rss schema search technology secure shell sfx soap sru srw ssh standards stylesheet telnet uri url vocabularies web services xhtml xml xml schema xsl xslt Thu, 29 Jul 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1052 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk RDN/LTSN Partnerships: Learning Resource Discovery Based on the LOM and the OAI-PMH http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/powell <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/powell#author1">Andy Powell</a> and <a href="/issue39/powell#author2">Phil Barker</a> explore the technical collaboration currently underway between the RDN and the LTSN and describe the RDN/LTSN LOM Application Profile and its use to support resource discovery.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Over the last eighteen months or so, the UK Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) has been funding some collaborative work between the Resource Discovery Network (<a href="http://www.rdn.ac.uk/">RDN</a>) Hubs [<a href="#1">1</a>] and Learning and Teaching Support Network (<a href="http://www.ltsn.ac.uk/">LTSN</a>) Centres [<a href="#2">2</a>]. The primary intention of these subject-based RDN/LTSN partnerships was to:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/powell" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 feature article andy powell phil barker cetis ieee jisc mpeg oai ukoln university of bath university of oxford adl application profile archives cataloguing copyright database dcmes dcmi digital archive dublin core e-learning framework gif html identifier jacs learning object metadata learning objects lom metadata multimedia oai-pmh open archives initiative openurl portal purl quicktime resource description resource discovery schema scorm simple dublin core software standards uk lom core uri utf-8 vcard vocabularies xml xml schema xslt Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1027 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Through the Web Authoring Tools http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue39/browning#author1">Paul Browning</a> offers a technical review of new approaches to Web publishing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Web is over ten years old but it has yet to realise the vision of its founder - '.... it should be possible for grandma to take a photo of grandchildren and put it on the web immediately and without fuss ....'[<a href="#1">1</a>]. The Web, for most of its users, remains a read-only medium.</p> <p>The 'Universal Canvas' is a term introduced by Microsoft; two definitions are [<a href="#2">2</a>]:</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue39/browning" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue39 tooled up paul browning jisc microsoft ucisa university of bristol apache api browser chrome content management css dhtml dom flash framework ftp higher education html instant messaging internet explorer java javascript licence linux mac os metadata open source operating system passwords perl php plain text plone schema software standards stylesheet telnet url web development widget windows xhtml xml xml schema xslt xul Thu, 29 Apr 2004 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1037 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Portole Project: Supporting E-learning http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/portole <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue38/portole#author1">Tracey Stanley</a>, <a href="/issue38/portole#author2">Mina Sotiriou</a> and <a href="/issue38/portole#author3">Matthew Dovey</a> provide an overview of a project to produce tools to discover information resources and deploy them within a university VLE.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><!--<br /> <h3 id="Abstract">Abstract</h3> </p><p>The PORTOLE (Providing Online Resources To Online Learning Environments) Project was a JISC-funded project which sought to produce a range of tools for tutors which could be used to enable them to discover information resources and to embed these into their course modules from within a University Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). The VLE in use at the Universities of Leeds and Oxford is the Bodington system. A key deliverable of the project was to produce tools that were designed with the ease of incorporation into other VLE environments in mind.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/portole" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue38 feature article matthew dovey mina sotiriou tracey stanley google ims jisc microsoft university of leeds university of oxford dner jafer jisc information environment portole algorithm bibliographic data cataloguing data database digital library dublin core e-learning google search html information architecture infrastructure internet explorer java marc marc21 metadata multimedia open source openurl portal resource discovery schema scripting language search technology software sql sql server standards subject gateway vle web resources xml xml schema xslt z39.50 Fri, 30 Jan 2004 00:00:00 +0000 editor 1006 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk News from BIOME http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/biome <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue37/biome#author1">Donald Mackay</a> reports on BIOME participation in a major project to enhance interoperability between the BIOME core database and those projected by LTSN Subject Centres.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>BIOME is currently participating in a major project to enhance interoperability between the BIOME core database and those being created by our cognate Learning and Teaching Support Network (LTSN) Subject Centres. The partners in the project are the Resource Description Network (RDN) Hubs BIOME and ALTIS and five LTSN centres: Bioscience; Health Sciences and Practice; Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism; Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine; and Psychology.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue37/biome" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue37 regular column donald mackay jisc accessibility archives cataloguing content management copyright data database framework interoperability metadata portal resource description search technology standards url xml xslt Thu, 30 Oct 2003 00:00:00 +0000 editor 997 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk An IMS Generator for the Masses http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/martini <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue36/martini#author1">Kelvin Hai</a>, <a href="/issue36/martini#author2">David Palmer</a> and <a href="/issue36/martini#author3">Chris Dunlop</a> of the MARTINI Project describe the architecture and operation of the Project-developed IMS Generator and show how its flexibility allows it to handle the diverse nature of data held by institutions.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>One of the aims of all JISC 7/99 projects has been to explore technologies that are generic in nature in support of improved learning and specifically, to "Identify the generic and transferable aspect of the development projects".</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/martini" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue36 feature article chris dunlop david palmer kelvin hai ims jisc university of east anglia accessibility copyright data database html ims enterprise java managed learning environment mobile programming language rdbms sql standards stylesheet uportal url wireless xml xsl xslt Tue, 29 Jul 2003 23:00:00 +0000 editor 966 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Let's Get Serious about HTML Standards http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue33/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> encourages authors to treat compliance with HTML standards seriously.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>If you talk to long-established Web authors or those responsible for managing large Web sites or developing Web applications intended for widespread use in a heterogeneous environment you are likely to find that the need for compliance with Web standards is well-understood.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue33/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue33 tooled up brian kelly apple ibm microsoft ukoln university of bath w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility adobe archives browser content management cookie dtd higher education html internet explorer interoperability linux mathml microsoft office namespace open source openoffice software standards url utf-8 web app web browser web development web resources web standards windows xhtml xml xslt Wed, 09 Oct 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 916 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk WWW2002 Here http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/www2002 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue32/www2002#author1">Libby Miller</a> sends notes from the WW2002 conference in Hawaii.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>WWW2002 <a href="#[1]">[1]</a> was the 11th annual World Wide Web Conference, held this year in Tourist Hell (Waikiki), Hawaii. WWW2002 ran over three days, with 10 refereed tracks including one on the Semantic Web, and six 'alternate' tracks. All the papers from the conference are available online in html <a href="#[2]">[2]</a>. You might also like to look at the RDF Interest group chatlogs and blog pages for the days covering the conference <a href="#[3]">[3]</a> and I also have some photos <a href="#[4]">[4]</a> as does Dave Beckett <a href="#[5]">[5]</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue32/www2002" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue32 event report libby miller google ilrt jisc ukoln university of bath university of bristol w3c adobe archives blog copyright data database dublin core flash graphics html infrastructure javascript metadata pics programming language rdf search technology semantic web sql svg url vector graphics web services wireless xml xslt Sun, 07 Jul 2002 23:00:00 +0000 editor 903 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Content Management Systems: Who Needs Them? http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/techwatch <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue30/techwatch#author1">Paul Browning</a> and <a href="/issue30/techwatch#author2">Mike Lowndes</a> explore the CMS concept and look at the available tools.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Content management? That’s what librarians do, right? But we’ve already got a <i>library management system</i> (LMS) – why should we consider a <i>content management system</i> (CMS)?</p> <p>The second initial is perhaps misleading – “manipulation” rather than “management” might better summarise the goals of a CMS. Content creation and content re-purposing are fundamental aspects which tend to lie outside the current LMS domain.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue30/techwatch" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue30 feature article mike lowndes paul browning jisc microsoft university of bath university of bristol accessibility adobe archives authentication browser cache content management crm css data database document management dublin core e-business e-government framework ftp html interoperability intranet java javascript knowledge management ldap library management systems managed learning environment metadata mis opac open archives initiative open source perl personalisation php plain text portal provenance python rdf repositories research rss search technology soap software sql standards syndication web development wireless xhtml xml xsl xslt Fri, 25 Jan 2002 00:00:00 +0000 editor 849 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Report on the Fifth Institutional Web Management Workshop http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue29/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a>, UK Web Focus, reports on the IWMW event in his regular column.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The fifth Institutional Web Management Workshop was held at Queen's University Belfast on 25-27&nbsp;June 2001. This year's workshop, which had the theme "Organising Chaos", was the largest to date with 150 delegates. It was also the longest workshop, lasting from Monday morning until Wednesday lunchtime. The extra half-day compared with the previous three workshops allowed us to run a full day of interactive parallel sessions.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue29/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue29 tooled up brian kelly becta ilrt jisc kings college london knowledge media institute open university queens university belfast sheffield hallam university ukoln university college cork university of bath university of bristol university of cambridge university of east anglia university of glasgow university of kent university of manchester university of salford university of southampton university of strathclyde university of ulster iwmw content management database e-business e-government e-learning infrastructure personalisation search technology url usability web development web services xml xslt Tue, 02 Oct 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 830 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG): Vector Graphics for the Web http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/graphics <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/graphics#author1">David Duce</a> discusses the World Wide Web Consortium's Scalable Vector Graphics markup language for 2 dimensional graphics.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>To view the Scalable Vector Graphics in this article you will need a viewer. The Adobe® SVG Viewer is a plug-in that will allow your Web browser to render SVG and is available free from the <a href="http://www.adobe.com/svg/viewer/install/">Adobe Web site</a>.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/graphics" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 feature article david duce alt ibm iso microsoft oreilly oxford brookes university oxford university press university of oxford w3c adobe browser css data dublin core gif graphics html internet explorer jpeg marc metadata namespace png schema standardisation standards svg url vector graphics video vml web browser xlink xml xml namespaces xslt Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 791 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Project GOLD: Supporting Distance Learning Students http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/gold <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue28/gold#author1">Derek Morisson</a> describes an e-learning project which was the antithesis of the current trend towards multifunction, and invariably expensive, Virtual Learning Environments and sophisticated Managed Learning Environments.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h3 id="In_the_Beginning">In the Beginning</h3> <p>Way back in 1998 the University of Bath’s Centre for the Development of New Technologies in Learning became part of a three institution consortium responsible for the TLTP Phase 3 ‘Project GOLD’ [<a href="#1">1</a>]. GOLD stands for Guidance Online for those Learning at a Distance. The lead partner was the Royal College of Nursing Institute (the Higher Education arm of the RCN) supported by the Open Learning Foundation and the University of Bath.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/gold" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue28 feature article derek morisson alt google microsoft university of bath archives e-learning higher education infrastructure managed learning environment microsoft office multimedia research resource discovery search technology software url video vle xml xslt Thu, 21 Jun 2001 23:00:00 +0000 editor 798 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: HTML is Dead! http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue27/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>HTML is Dead: <a href="/issue27/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> explains why this is, and why it is a good thing.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="HTML_is_Dead">HTML is Dead?</h2> <p>Previous Web Focus articles have reported on developments which have been the featured prominently in International World Wide Web conferences. These include XML, which was the highlight of the Sixth WWW conference in 1997 <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>.</p> <p>Have developments such as this affected mainstream Web services, or are they restricted to the research community? Indeed, wouldn't it be sensible for HTML authors for mainstream Web services to be still be making use of the same HTML tags (and possibly authoring tools) they mastered several years ago?</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue27/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue27 tooled up brian kelly alt ukoln university of bath w3c content management database gif html infrastructure mobile mobile phone research rss software standardisation standards uri url web app web services wireless application profile xhtml xlink xml xsl xslt Fri, 23 Mar 2001 00:00:00 +0000 editor 783 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: The Web On Your Phone and TV http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue26/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> looks at the Web Beyond the PC.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>What's the future for Web browsing? Is it the PC running some flavour of MS Windows?. Will the Linux platform take off on the desktop? Or will the Macintosh come back into fashion?</p> <p>Many statistics on browser usage would suggest that the MS Windows platform has won the battle. The proportion of platforms illustrated in Figure 1 (which shows accesses to the <em>Cultivate Interactive</em> by graphical browsers) is probably not too untypical (information available at <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a>).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue26/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue26 tooled up brian kelly google jisc ukoln university of bath university of southampton university of st andrews university of sunderland browser content management css database ebook ecms flash google search higher education html internet explorer ldap linux mailbase mobile mobile phone mp3 open source search technology sms software url web browser web development web resources web services windows wireless wireless application profile xhtml xml xslt Wed, 10 Jan 2001 00:00:00 +0000 editor 760 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk XML 2000: New Tools, New Vendors http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/xml-europe <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue25/xml-europe#author1">Dianne Kennedy</a> reports on the latest XML conference in Paris.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/xml-europe" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue25 event report dianne kennedy content management content syndication data database dtd e-business e-learning html java metadata multimedia prism sgml software standards syndication unicode url video xml xsl xslt Sat, 23 Sep 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 739 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Reflections On WWW9 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue24/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue24/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> reports on the WWW9 conference, held in Amsterdam, in May 2000.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Ninth International World Wide Web conference (WWW9) was held at the RAI Congress Centre in Amsterdam. The main part of the conference took place from Tuesday 16th till Thursday 18th May. A day of tutorial and workshops was held on Monday 15th May with the Developer's Day on Friday 19th May. About 1,400 delegates attended the conference. It was pleasing to note the large numbers of delegates from the UK - about 100 in total, with about 50% from the Higher Education community (and about 9 people from Southampton University and another 9 from Bristol University).</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue24/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue24 tooled up brian kelly alt apple darpa heriot-watt university ilrt middlesex university national library of the netherlands sheffield hallam university ukoln university of bath university of brighton university of bristol university of southampton w3c dner elib aggregation blog browser content management digital library dom dtd dublin core gif higher education html hypertext infrastructure java metadata mobile mobile phone national library rdf resource discovery rss search technology semantic web soap standardisation standards url usability web services wireless wireless application profile xhtml xlink xml xpointer xsl xslt z39.50 Thu, 22 Jun 2000 23:00:00 +0000 editor 714 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Web Focus: Report on "Institutional Web Management Next Steps" Workshop http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/web-focus <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue21/web-focus#author1">Brian Kelly</a> reports on the latest "Institutional Web Management Workshop," this year called: "The Next Steps."</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>The "<em>Institutional Web Management: The Next Steps</em>" workshop took place at Goldsmiths College, London on 7-9 September 1999. This was the third annual event for institutional web managers which has been organised by UK Web Focus. The first workshop was held over 2 day (16/17 July 1997) at Kings College London. As described in the workshop report published in Ariadne <a href="#ref-01">[1]</a> the event attracted a total of 95 participants. The workshop provided a valuable opportunity for web editors to meet their peers at other institutions and compare experiences.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/web-focus" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue21 tooled up brian kelly amazon ciac goldsmiths college jisc kings college london microsoft newcastle university open university rnib ukerna ukoln university of bath university of cambridge university of essex university of glasgow university of kent university of oxford university of ulster w3c web accessibility initiative accessibility apache archives authentication browser content management copyright css data database digital media e-business flash higher education html hypertext internet explorer intranet java ldap mailbase metadata mobile ms word multimedia open source opera operating system portal rdf repositories research search technology smil software solaris url video web browser web development web services windows xml xslt Wed, 22 Sep 1999 23:00:00 +0000 editor 645 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk