Overview of content related to 'jpeg 2000' http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/9212/all?article-type=&term=&organisation=&project=&author=&issue= RSS feed with Ariadne content related to specified tag en Automating Harvest and Ingest of the Medical Heritage Library http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue73/henshaw-et-al <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue73/henshaw-et-al#author1"><u><font color="#0066cc">Christy Henshaw</font></u></a>, <a href="/issue73/henshaw-et-al#author2"><u><font color="#0066cc">Dave Thompson</font></u></a> and <a href="/issue73/henshaw-et-al#author3"><u><font color="#0066cc">João Baleia</font></u></a> describe an automated process to harvest medical books and pamphlets from the Internet Archive into the Wellcome Library’s Digital Services environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> <h2 id="Overview_of_the_UK_Medical_Heritage_Library_Project">Overview of the UK Medical Heritage Library Project</h2> <p>The aim of the UK Medical Heritage Library (UK-MHL) Project is to provide free access to a wealth of medical history and related books from UK research libraries. There are already over 50,000 books and journal issues in the Medical Heritage Library drawn from North American research libraries. The UK-MHL Project will expand this collection considerably by digitising a further 15 million pages for inclusion in the collection.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue73/henshaw-et-al" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue73 feature article christy henshaw dave thompson joao baleia abbyy jisc university college london university of bristol university of glasgow university of leeds wellcome library wellcome trust internet archive api bibliographic database born digital browser cataloguing csv data database digital asset management digital library digitisation dissemination html5 identifier javascript jpeg jpeg 2000 json marc metadata mets ocr optical character recognition preservation research search technology standards stylesheet xml xslt z39.50 Fri, 13 Feb 2015 15:35:57 +0000 editor 2549 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk The Wellcome Library, Digital http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/henshaw-kiley <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue71/henshaw-kiley#author1">Christy Henshaw</a> and <a href="/issue71/henshaw-kiley#author2">Robert Kiley</a> describe how the Wellcome Library has transformed its information systems to support mass digitisation of historic collections.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Online access is now the norm for many spheres of discovery and learning. What benefits bricks-and-mortar libraries have to offer in this digital age is a subject of much debate and concern, and will continue to be so as learning resources and environments shift ever more from the physical to the virtual. In order to maintain a place in this dual environment, most research libraries strive to replicate their traditional offerings in the digital world.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue71/henshaw-kiley" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue71 feature article christy henshaw robert kiley jisc wellcome library wellcome trust algorithm api archives authentication bibliographic data blog born digital cache cataloguing content management copyright creative commons data database digital archive digital asset management digital library digital preservation digital repositories digitisation facebook flash framework html html5 information architecture infrastructure javascript jpeg jpeg 2000 json library management systems licence metadata mets mobile passwords portal preservation preservation metadata repositories research search technology standards twitter url usability video web browser xml schema Tue, 18 Jun 2013 14:52:03 +0000 lisrw 2449 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk A Pragmatic Approach to Preferred File Formats for Acquisition http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/thompson <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue63/thompson#author1">Dave Thompson</a> sets out the pragmatic approach to preferred file formats for long-term preservation used at the Wellcome Library.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>This article sets out the Wellcome Library's decision not explicitly to specify preferred file formats for long-term preservation. It discusses a pragmatic approach in which technical appraisal of the material is used to assess the Library's likelihood of preserving one format over another. The Library takes as its starting point work done by the Florida Digital Archive in setting a level of 'confidence' in its preferred formats. The Library's approach provides for nine principles to consider as part of appraisal. These principles balance economically sustainable preservation and intellectual 'value' with the practicalities of working with specific, and especially proprietary, file formats. Scenarios are used to show the application of principles (see <a href="#annex">Annex</a> below).</p> <p>This article will take a technical perspective when assessing material for acquisition by the Library. In reality technical factors are only part of the assessment of material for inclusion in the Library's collections. Other factors such as intellectual content, significance of the material, significance of the donor/creator and any relationship to material already in the Library also play a part. On this basis, the article considers 'original' formats accepted for long-term preservation, and does not consider formats appropriate for dissemination.</p> <p>This reflects the Library's overall approach to working with born digital archival material. Born digital material is treated similarly to other, analogue archival materials. The Library expects archivists to apply their professional skills regardless of the format of any material, to make choices and decisions about material based on a range of factors and not to see the technical issues surrounding born digital archival material as in any way limiting.</p> <h2 id="Why_Worry_about_Formats">Why Worry about Formats?</h2> <p>Institutions looking to preserve born digital material permanently, the Wellcome Library included, may have little control over the formats in which material is transferred or deposited. The ideal intervention point from a preservation perspective is at the point digital material is first created. However this may be unrealistic. Many working within organisations have no choice in the applications they use, cost of applications may be an issue, or there may simply be a limited number of applications available on which to perform specialist tasks. Material donated after an individual retires or dies can prove especially problematic. It may be obsolete, in obscure formats, on obsolete media and without any metadata describing its context, creation or rendering environment.</p> <p>Computer applications 'save' their data in formats, each application typically having its own file format. The Web site filext [<a href="#1">1</a>] lists some 25,000 file extensions in its database.</p> <p>The long-term preservation of any format depends on the type of format, issues of obsolescence, and availability of hardware and/or software, resources, experience and expertise. Any archive looking to preserve born digital archival material needs to have the means and confidence to move material across the 'gap' that exists between material 'in the wild' and holding it securely in an archive.</p> <p>This presents a number of problems: first, in the proliferation of file formats; second, in the use of proprietary file formats, and third, in formats becoming obsolete, either by being incompatible with later versions of the applications that created them, or by those applications no longer existing. This assumes that proprietary formats are more problematic to preserve as their structure and composition are not known, which hinders preservation intervention by imposing the necessity for specialist expertise. Moreover, as new software is created, so new file formats proliferate, and consequently exacerbate the problem.</p> <p></p><p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/thompson" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue63 feature article dave thompson microsoft mpeg wellcome library aggregation archives born digital cd-rom collection development data database digital archive digital preservation dissemination drm file format framework internet explorer jpeg jpeg 2000 metadata microsoft office open source openoffice preservation provenance real audio repositories software standards tiff usb video xml Thu, 29 Apr 2010 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1547 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk IMPACT Conference: Optical Character Recognition in Mass Digitisation http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/impact-2009-rpt <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author1">Lieke Ploeger</a>, <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author2">Yola Park</a>, <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author3">Jeanna Nikolov-Ramirez Gaviria</a>, <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author4">Clemens Neudecker</a>, <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author5">Fedor Bochow</a> and <a href="/issue59/impact-2009-rpt#author6">Michael Day</a> report from the first IMPACT Conference, held in The Hague, Netherlands on 6-7 April, 2009.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue59/impact-2009-rpt" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue59 event report clemens neudecker fedor bochow jeanna nikolov-ramirez gaviria lieke ploeger michael day yola park abbyy austrian national library british library content conversion specialists d-lib magazine google ibm institute for dutch lexicology kings college london national library of australia national library of the netherlands ukoln university of bath university of munich university of salford impact project internet archive archives born digital copyright data data set database digital library digital preservation digitisation framework information society infrastructure intellectual property interoperability jpeg 2000 national library ocr optical character recognition preservation research search technology software vocabularies xml Wed, 29 Apr 2009 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1475 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk Towards an Application Profile for Images http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/eadie <div class="field field-type-text field-field-teaser-article"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><a href="/issue55/eadie#author1">Mick Eadie</a> describes the development of the Dublin Core Images Application Profile project recently funded through the JISC.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>Following on from the project to develop an application profile for scholarly works (SWAP)[<a href="#1">1</a>], the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) has recently funded through its Repositories and Preservation Programme, a series of projects to establish Application Profiles in the areas of images, time-based media, geospatial data and learning objects [<a href="#2">2</a>].</p> <p><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/eadie" target="_blank">read more</a></p> issue55 feature article mick eadie intute jisc library of congress niso oais tasi vads images application profile repositories research team aggregation application profile archives bibliographic data cataloguing cdwa data database dcmi digital library digitisation dublin core dublin core metadata initiative eprints exif file format frbr geospatial data gis identifier institutional repository jpeg 2000 learning objects metadata modelling multimedia preservation repositories research schema search technology software standards tagging tiff uri vocabularies vra wiki xcri xml z39.87 Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:00:00 +0000 editor 1387 at http://www.ariadne.ac.uk